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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 10, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME CITY HOME EDITION THE NEWSFAMK THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LIV Associated Prms and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 10 1948 This Paper Consists of Two Ona No 270 Seen as Vote Limit for Truman EDITORS Is the first of a series of 15 articles to appear in the Mason City Globe Gazette on the Crossley poll reg istering public opinion on presi dential candidates These articles which are to ap pear twice weekly up to a few days before the election will five readers an opportunity to follow the trend of public sentiment as measured by an organization which has established a long standing reputation for accuracy By ARCHIBALD M CROSSLEY Director The Crossley Poll Preliminary returns from the first of the 1948 polls indicate that President Truman can only be certain of carrying 9 states with a total of 106 electoral votes and that he is unlikely to obtain more than 210 In order to be reelected he must have 266 or a majority of the 531 state electors The 9 states include 7 of the southern states one mountain state and the presidents home state of Missouri which first re turns indicate to be in his favor Two southern states now appear likely to choose the states rights party The others are in the tie range generally with a slight edge for Truman In one Thurmond has a small lead and in another Dewey is at present ahead by a very narrow margin If Truman takes all of these close states and those now re garded as safely democratic he will have a total of 210 electoral votes In order to win it will be necessary for him to find 56 more A study of the relative standings of all other states would indicate that unless Wallace withdraws from the race or his name is miss ing from the ballots of certain im portant states Truman is not apt to obtain the extra votes needed As this is written decision has not been made regarding the inclu sion of Wallace in some key states Wallace a Factor If Truman had all the breaks and the Wallace candidacy were withdrawn the situation in states like Minnesota California New York and a few others would be close In such case if nearly all the Wallace voters switched to Truman the latters reelection would be within striking distance A total of 87 electoral votes might be added to the 210 referred to above making the possible Tru man total 297 This however seems unlikely Deweys lead in a large bloc of states with many electoral votes is so substantial that if later fig ures confirm the first results it will be difficult to overcome it in the few remaining weeks It is now expected that Dewey will win with at least 304 electoral votes Dewey might win 397 if he cap tures all of the close states There fore at this point in the campaign the result looks like Dewey by 304397 electoral votes GOP Ratio High The strength of the DeweyWar ren ticket lies all across the north ern tier of states In the populous eastern and central states some oi which were formerly Roosevelt strongholds the republican ratios are significant However 2 states in New England are at present close The Wallace vote in Cali fornia makes the republican lead definite Washington and Oregon apparently will also be republican It should be emphasized tha this analysis is based upon the re sults of a poll taken before Labor day Since then Truman has spok en to huge crowds in Michigan and has begun a very intensive personal campaign which may wir himlarge numbers of votes Succeeding articles will provide actual popularity percentages and other pertinent data permitting the reader to draw his own con clusions Copyrlrht 1948 Crossley Incorporated Permission to reproduce in fnll is hereby ranted to subscribing newspapers Workman Hurt When Struck by Derrick Charles were to be taken Friday to determine the extent of the injuries suffered by Joe Prince of Britt employed by the Henkel Construction Co of Mason City who was struck by a derrick Thursday afternoon while working on the new Lin coln school addition It was re ported that the derrick became caught in the branches of a tree and the men were trying to re move it when a portion of it hit him on the head Four stitches were taken in a scalp injury AP Wirephoto GERMANS SURROUND RUSSIAN JEEP IN BRITISH anticommunists surround a Russian military police jeep in the British sector in Berlin Thurs day after the vehicle drove through Brandenburg Gate Just as 200000 demonstrators were streaming home from a mass meeting protesting communist riots in the soviet sector Russians and their police fired into the anticom unists who stoned the soldiers j Jji jJC Russians Arrest 15 Germans Accused as AntiRed Spies Lower Food Prices Seen by Farmers Credit for Decline Given to Production in Agriculture Washington major farm organizations said Friday that lower retail food prices are on their way as a result of record farm production this year They noted that onthefarm prices already have declined 10 per cent from the 1948 high This drop they predicted will have its effect on consumer prices as soon as the products reach the mar ket Meat May Trail But they warned that meats may trail other foods in seeking lower price levels Because live stock herds were cut sharply in recent years the farm group said may prefer to build them up for a while before sending in creased supplies to the nations meat counters The 3 organizations making the optimistic price forecast were the National Grange the American Farm Bureau Federation and the National Council of Farmer Co operatives Weekly Decline Their prediction was backed up to some extent by the labor de partment It reported that aver age wholesale prices for 900 basic commodities declined 06 per cent in the week ending last Saturday the governor for Ball s campaign the 2nd straight weekly decline Trucking Strike in New York Is Ended Berlin Russians an nounced Friday the arrest of 15 ermans alleged to be members of an antisoviet spy ring operat ing with American and British support in the Russian occupation zone The soviet espionage charge was he latest in a series of recriminat ions between the east and west as the Berlin crisis mounted The purported ring was charg ed with espionage and other criminal activity in Weimar Er furt Jena and other towns in the societ zone state of Thuringia The band worked through the social democratic party the so viets charged in a statement put out through the German news ervice ADN which they control A few hours earlier the Soviets renewed their attack on the An gloAmerican aerial supply of blockaded Berlin with a demand that U S air force headquarters provide full details of every flight American authorities promptly rejected the demand They said it posed conditions impossible of fulfillment and the practices agreed upon by the 4 powers ear lier would continue to be observ ed Gov Dewey Forgets Old Party Feud Republicans Work to Maintain Margin of 4 Senate Seats Washington Thomas E Dewey is forgetting old grudges as he tees up for the presidential campaign Full pardon has been granted Senator Joseph R Ball Ball is a Minnesota republican who bolted Dewey in 1944 to support FDR for president If there are any other party sore spots around Dewey will pad those too so they wont cause campaign pain Balls welcome into Deweys good grace probably will come within a month with a boost by Fear Big 4 Disagreement at Italian Colony Parley Warns of Aid Cut to Nations Going Fascist Washington Co operation Administration Paul G Hoffman said Friday he would cut off Marshall plan laid to Eu ropean government which went fascist Hoffman pointed out that the foreign assistance act clearly re quires a termination of recovery help to any country going com munist He told a news confer ence in reply to a question If a fascist counterpart of a communist government took office Anywhere I would take exactly the same position He did not name any specific overnment but reporters immedi ately asked Hoffman about France where General Charles DeGaulle denounced by communists as a fascist has called for a new gen eral election I dont think there is the re motest possibility of a fascist counterpart in France Hoffman asserted Testifies in Atom Hearing Groves Questioned Behind Closed Doors Washington Gen Leslie R Groves wartime boss of the armys atomic bomb project testi fied Friday at a house committees investigation of an alleged atomic espionage plot The retired army officer ap peared in response to an unAmer ican activities committee subpena He was questioned behind closed doors Asked by newsmen if he had any information of value to give the committee in its spy hunt Groves said Save Lives I think I can tell them a great deal about everything for which I was responsible Unlike a good many other people I am not de pendent on files He said the main objective of the Manhattan project during the war was to get the bomb so we could end the war and save American lives Security he said was just a part ofthat job Pay Dirt Groves who lives in Darien The department said wholesale food prices dropped fully 2 per cent during the week But this de cline was offset partially by a 01 per cent rise in the wholesale price of commodities other than foods and farm products Consumer prices generally fol low the trend market of the wholesale IAMB no traffic death In past 24 hours Blame Pilot in Air Crash Flare ignition Was Not Cause Decorah JP The flaming crash of a plane which took the lives of 4 persons has been blamec on a pilots error Norbert Locke director of the Iowa Aeronautics commission said Thursday an investigation showed that it was a pilots error and not the ignition of flares which caused the Wednesday night crash Condition of the wreckage on a wooded hilltop near the Decorah airport indicated an intense fire followed the crash Locke said and it was believed at first the landing flares ignited while the plane was in flight However a further check show ed he said that there were m flares in the plane The position of the plane in dicatedj Locke reported that th ship was in a turn at the time o the crash He said the plane didn have sufficient altitude in an ap proach to landing onn now is a vice president in harge of advanced research for he Remington Rand company Earlier committee members laimed to have struck pay dirt in heir digging into the alleged atomic spy plot Their findings are being kept secret as they proceed vith plans for public hearings be ginning next Wednesday Axis Sally Is Indicted for Treason Washington federal grand jury Friday indicted Mil dred Elizabeth Gillars Axis Sally of the nazi charges of treason The 47 year old Portland Maine native is charged with making wartime propaganda broadcasts for the Germans The indictment cited 10 in stances in which Miss Gillars al legedly made the broadcasts over the German radio as a part of the nazi propaganda campaign against the United States The broadcasts originated the indictment charged from Chartes and Paris in France Hilversum Holland and Berlin Socialist Party on Iowa Ballots DCS Moines socialist jarty qualified Thursday for a lace on the Iowa ballot to become he 5th political party entered in the November election in Iowa Previously the prohibition and socialistlabor parties had qual fied in addition to the republicans and democrats The progressive jarty is also expected to be on he November ballot Cedar Falls Fire Destroys Building Cedar Falls gutted one 2story building and badly dam aged another in downtown Cedar Falls Thursday night Fire Chief Dick Kennison esti mated damage at Firemen fought the blaze for more than 2 hours A photo shop and an apartment above it were burned out and a dry cleaning establishment and beauty shop in an adjoining build ing were badly damaged The fire was believed to have started from an oil burner in the dry cleaning establishment likely than not Dewey will appear in Minnesota to speak a plug for Ball Dewey Support Ball can be sure of Deweys en thusiastic support because the re publicans cannnot spare any sen ate seats this year Barring a landslide Dewey triumph next No vember it would be possible for the republicans to win the white house on election day and lose the senate The thought of that is be ginning to keep republican cam paigners awake at night The senate is divided now 51 to 45 in favor of the republicans That is a majority less than sufficient for good political management of the upper house There are 33 senate seats at stake this year Of these 11 are in the solid south where the democrats are safe Outside the south the democrats must defend senate seats in Mon tana New Mexico Colorado and Rhode Island 4 Seats The bad news for the republi cans is that a shift of 4 seats to the democrats would put the GOP in the minority A shift of a couple or 3 would divide the senate too closely for party management Indicative of Deweys determin ation to help republican senatorial candidates is the fact that he will kick off his presidential campaign with a speech at Des Moines on Sept 20 GOP Sen George A Wilson is up for reelection in Iowa His democratic opponent is former Sen Guy M Gillette Washington of ficials Friday glumly predicted a new Big 4 disagreement over Italyswarlost colonies accom panied by fresh Russian propa ganda blasts Diplomatic authorities said they see no chance for success when and if the foreign ministers council tackles the issue briefly in Paris next week Mholly Agreeable Secretary of State Marshall cleared the way for such a meeting when he told the soviet embassy late Thursday that the United States is wholly agreeable to Russias surprise suggestion But Marshall said Moscows pro posal that the council reconvene Friday was impossible because of the time element He offered to have a representative on hand Monday although he will not ar rive in Paris until the following Sunday Only 3 Days Britain and France previously had agreed to the Russian move If the kremlin okays the new date it will leave the foreign min isters council only 3 days to work out agreement on a problem that has defied solution for the past year Under the Italian peace treaty the 4 powers must hand the col onies question over to the United Nations general assembly if they fail to reach an understanding by September 15 That will be one year from the date the pact with Italy went into effect The U N assembly will meet in Paris Sep tember 21 Marshall will head the American delegation ITUs Hearing Postponed 5 Days Indianapolis UR A federal court hearing on contempt charges against the AFL Interna tional Typographical Union was postponed Friday until Sept 20 Judge Luther Swygert ordered the session postponed 5 days from next Wednesday when it original ly was scheduled DONT LOSE TEMPER London government launched a Dont Lose Your Tem per poster campaign Friday be cause too many telephones have been damaged recently by slam ming receivers Search On for Missing Craft 4 Fighter Planes Lost in Pacific Manila UR All available planes of the U S 13th air force searched the western Pacific Fri day for 4 missing American fight er planes The P47s disappeared on a navigational training flight from Clark field to Formosa early Wednesday Maj Herbert Von Tungeln pub lic relations officer of the 13th air force said the 12 remaining planes in the flight had landed in Formosa Two were damaged in landing he said but neither pilot was injured Election Due at Rath Plant 3 Unions Firm to Make Agreement Waterloo national la bor relations board spokesman in dicated Friday that a bargaining election probably will be held soon at the Rath packing plant Ira Policy NLRB field agent said 2 of the 4 parties 3 unions and the company already had agreed to the elec tion And he said the other 2 are expected to sign the agreement soon Policy would not reveal how ever which of the 4 had signed The agreement was sought as a timesaving device Otherwise one of the unions would have to petition the NLRB to order an election The unions involved are the United Packinghouse Workers the National Brotherhood of Packinghouse Workers inde pendent and the General Drivers Local Charges Lewis Steel Pact Violates Law Washington UR Robert N Denham national labor relations board counsel charged Friday that the union shop clause of John L Lewis coal contract with 18 stee companies violates the TaftHart ley act Denham filed the charges in v final brief before the board which is to make a decision on the case Thecharges reiterated Denhams previous charges made last July when he issued a complaint against the United Mine Workers Denham said that Lewis and his union officials must sign non communist affidavits and hold a union election on the union shop provision before the contract with the steel companies would be legal The steel companies operate so called captive coal mines The union shop clause touched off a weeks strike in the nations captive coal mines last July after which the steel companies agreed to sign the contract with a union shop clause The steel companies however filed charges of unfair labor prac tices against the union and Den ham issued his complaint Denham said that the union and its officers are in complete and obdurate disregard of the law of the land Food Chains Sign Wage Hike Pacts New Agreements Call for Boost of 171 Cents New York strike of 13 000 truck drivers in the New York area crumbled Friday when the 2 biggest food chains signed con tracts calling for a 17Acents hourly wage boost First to announce agreement to the unions scaleddown demand was the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea company Next came the Bo hack chain The union previously had de manded a 25 cents hourly wage hike but agreed at a membership meeting late Friday to its leaders recommendation for the lower figure Duluth Strike Threat Halted Walkout Would Have Stopped Wheat Flow By UNITED PRESS The flurry of labor troubles which have idled 110000 workers across the nation Friday took a slight but definite turn for the better A federal conciliator succeed ed in working out an agreement to a dispute which threatened to pinch off the flow of grain east ward over the great lakes at the height of the shipping season And a state conciliator trying to mediate the 7dayold strike by 15000 CIO oil workers in California said he was optimis Spiritualist Group Off to Mystic Start London newly formed International Spiritualists fed eration got off to a mystic start Friday Eva Lees said her father the late Robert James Lees sent her a message from the beyond asking her to donate a year to the federation in his behalf She forked it over Bury Benes in Garden of His Home Prague Czechoslovakia Former President Eduard Benes was buried in a tomb in the gar den of his country home at Sezi movo Usti Friday with 2 religious services at the graveside Bishop Frantisek Bedar head of the Protestant Czech Brethren church and a faculty member at Charles university officiated at one service Archbishop Josef Beran presided at a Roman Catholic service the Czechoslovak press bureau said It could not explain why the 2 serv ices were held No religious services accompan ied the state funeral rites held in Prague earlier this week President Klement Gottwald communist who succeeded Benes after the latter resigned June 7 did not attend the rites Federal mediator Carl Carlgren announced early Friday that rep resentatives of 500 AFL terminal grain elevator workers had called off strike plans set for a secret date against 10 large elevator firms at the worlds largest in land port of DuluthSuperior 10 Hour Session The workers agreed in a 10 hour session to accept a 15cent hourly wage boost retroactive to July 1 and considerable adjust ments in job classification and other benefits The agreement climaxed 4 months of negotiations Carlgren next faced the prob lem of settling a strike by 1400 AFL grain processors against 6 major milling firms at Minneapo is the nations 3rd largest mill ing center Califiornia State Conciliator lenn Bowers meanwhile said he felt more optimistic than otherwise about the oil workers strike for a hourly pay boost from 6 petroleum firms To Step In The federal conciliation service said it would step in ulness the strike was settled soon and Bow ers said the state would welcome national aid Gasoline shortages were jn creasing in the west particularly around Los Angeles and in north ern Nevada DEATH PLANE FOR Winnesbiek county youths lost their lives when this plane crashed in a tract of dense timber near the Tatro field near Decorah Wednes AP Wirephoto day night The dead are Robert Hoffman 25 Thomas Knowlton 18 and Robert Sattre 19 all of Decorah and Doyle Wagner 24 of Osaian Weather Report FORECAST Mason cloudy and not so cool Friday night Partly cloudy and warmer Saturday Low Friday near 45 High Sat urday near 80 Iowa Fair Friday night and Sat urday Warmer north Friday night and entire state Saturday Low Friday night 5055 Iowa 5 Day Weather Temperatures will average near normal Normal high near 78 normal low near 56 Warmer Saturday and Sunday Showers jikely Sunday night and Mon day Turning cooler Monday and Tuesday Precipitation will av erage less than onequarter inch northwest Iowa near one half inch southwest Iowa Minnesota Light rain in Arrow head county Friday evennig Fair and warmer Friday night and Saturday IN MA5ON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 74 Minimum 35 At 8 a m Friday 53 Precipitation 03 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 68 Workers Back at Morreil Vote on Strike Now in Progress Ottumwa production employes of the Morreil packing plant went back to work Friday morning except those in the hog kill department Five departments involving aboirt 500 men had been idled since Tuesday because of labor troubles Men in the hog kill department did not return Friday because no work was scheduled there They are expected to return Saturday Meanwhile the company was not in the hog market Friday Officials of the united packing house workers union CIO local continued to conduct a vote a mong members on the question shall the executive board be em powered to call a strike when it deems necessary The voting started Thursday and the turnout was reported by the union as heavy Slightly more than 2700 persons are el igible to vote the union added SLIGHT QUAKE FELT Osaka slight earth quake was felt in Osaka morning but no damage was re ported v ;