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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 10, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTUENT OF HISTORY AMD ARC UOINLS t COMP THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKCS ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHIOKS HOME EDITION UiUif VOL XL1X FIVE CENTS A LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 10 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO NAZIS CLAIM ROME TAKEN if if if if ft ff Hitler Declares Italys Capitulation Had Been Foreseen ALLIES WIN TARANTO NAVAL BASE PROPOSES FR BE PERMANENT PEACE LEADER Wallace Says Roosevelt Not Aware of His Idea for Peace Chairmanship Chicago UR Vice President Henry A Wallace suggested Fri dal that President Roosevelt be made permanent chairman at the peace table alter the war Wallace said he had not dis qussed his proposal with anyone and that he did not know what the presidents reaction would be president probably will r o surprised when 2 Jr Vs what 1 say Wallace D V r r S Open h Canteen it day Mas a press conference saidbe would like to ut a thought and said approaching there is who is exceedingly im on ntS to peace proceedings other man in the game rooj for the to the Italian war ticularly Wallace said it indi v j lor the ot as peace is closer Amot FUEHRER CITES TROUBLE FACED BY MUSSOLINI Hitler Says Italian Collapse Caused by Absence of Will smtst of us thOUEht somc ago i personally went rd a year azo as saying had all ouj production as tmB Russians do we would have graphjrv in Wt3 tribut am llot sul we alc al ou way the Russians are We have I Te a most extraordinary job of duction but it isnt as if we id the enemy at our gates he aid The vice president had just completed an extensive tour of his home state of Iowa in which he said he had covered about 20 cities and had talked with farmers in many Iowa counties The gen eral feeling among the farmers INDICATE LOSS OF SPITZBER6EN Imply Small Garrison Overwhelmed by Nazis London loss of Spitz bergen the lonely Arctic island base 600 miles east of Greenland toa German landing force was Indicated in a communique issued by the Norwegian high command in London Friday night The communique said full de tails of the attack disclosed Fri day night in a German radio an nouncement were not available but implied that the small garri son had been overwhelmed by forces which included capital ships OMAHA GROCER FINED Charged With False Ration Point Statement Omaha M Greenbaum Omaha grocer was fined 55001 and costs by Federal Distric seemed to be Wallace said one of weariness The farmers have been work in hard they are beginning to feel weary and they are begin ning to think they are bearing loo much of the burden and are feclinff abused Wallace ob served He said the fanners should think about those who have had no increase in income yet must pay higher min isters and professional workers In comparing the farmers hard ships with those of war workers Wallace said the farmer would be a lot happier if he realized war workers are doing their share suffering comparable hardships with him The farmer seems to be work ing about 10 hours a week more now than 2 years ago labor is working 6 or 7 hours more But the farmer counts his time from the time he leaves the house to the time he returns Many war workers travel as much as 80 or 100 miles round trip a day to their work or if they live near their work it is under very bad condi tions K the farmer lived under those conditions he might find he was much happier at home on the farm where he always has plenty of food Wallace said Commenting on the Mackinac charter of the republican party Wallace said it was skillfully contrived in the republican tradi tion of 1920 He said the repub licans were for a league of na tions then too but the words didnt mean much Report Italian Lmer 2 Gunboats Have Been Scuttled by Crews New York British ra dio broadcast a German report from Shanghai Friday saying the Italian passenger liner Conte Verde and 2 Italian river gun boats have been scuttled by then crews The broadcast recorded bj CBS added that German reports also say most of the Italian ships have succeeded in getting away from a number of ports in Italy and the Ionian sea The Conte Verde is listed having a gross tonnage of 18760 tory statements to o price administration and hi butcher Sam Epstein was fined and costs on charges of sell ing meat without receiving ration noints The fine against Greenbaurr was said by court attaches to b the largest tor OPA violations on record in Nebraska Greenbaum and Epstein had entered pleas o no defense7 which Judge Dono hoe accepted as picas of guilt You were just a dupe Green baum was getting all the profits Judge Donohoe told Epstein wh was paid a salary of week Assistant U S Attorney liam Meier told the court Green baums allowable meat ratio points according to actual inven tory totaled 11600 but that o the basis of his allegedly falsifie statement Greenbaum was issue 232000 additional points and tha allowable canned goods were 100 900 compared to 582500 issued i excess ol that number Greenbaum announced he ha closed his store and did not in tend to reopen Warships Go to Gibraltar La Linca Spain Ii0 cruisers 2 destroyers and 2 auxj iliary aircraft carriers of the Italj ian navy arrived at Gibraltar Fri1 day and surrendered to allied j forces ght Nazis Claim Victory TARANTO TAKEN In Attack on Capital BY BRITISH IN Rommel North Leader LIGHT FIGHTING BULLET IN London JP Brought to Ihe microphone for the 1st time in 6 months by the crucial events in Italy Adolf Hitler assured his people Friday night that the disappearance of their southern ally from the war was of little military importance but ad mitted that we may have to cede some territory London Iff Adolf Hitler speaking in the midst the crash of the Italian end of the axis told his people in a broadcast Friday night that the capitulation of his southern partner had been fote WITHOUT TEACHERS Des Moines 25pupil schools in Jasper county two 25 pupil and several smaller schools in Decatur county and 3 or 4 schools in Washington county are without teachers Paul B Nonis supervisor of rural schools in the state superintendents office rc oortcd Thursday of will It was the fuehrers first speech in 6 months Free of a heavy load which has been upon us since a long time aud from pressing expec tations the moment has come now that I can talk to the icr man people without deluuiug myself or the public he said in a speech which was recorded from the Berlin radio by the Associated Press The collapse of Italy he de clared was not because the nec essary German support was no forthcoming but rather as a re sult of absence of will ol those elements who to crown their systematic sabotage now have brought about the capitulation Completely silent through the reverses of Tunisia Sicily and a summer Russian campaign Hitlei thus began his harangue his Is since March 21 which the serie of events in Italy finally hat wrung from him lie proceeded to reveal a few hidden chapters from the Ger man standpoint of European history and to take out a few of the skeletons in the Musso liniHitler family closet Italy ivas bound by treaty t declare its solidarity with Ger at once at the outbreak o the war he said but the ele ments which have brought abou the capitulation today prcvenlc immediate entry of Italy into ih war in Mussolini was determined t honor the treaty he added but had to show understanding of Duces difficulties and did no press him I left it to Mussolin not to enter the war at all or enter it at any time convenien for him i Turning to Mussolinis fall h charged II Duce was ousted be cause of his demands for more complete powers to carry on the war after his last meeting with Hitler at Brenner Pass BULLETINS Rome Rome radio in a noadcast recorded by the Ano inted Press said an accord had icen reached with the German nilitary authorities whereby nayi roops would not enter the Italian apital except for the occupation if the German embassy the radio station and the telephone ex change New York Berlin ra dio in a broadcast recorded by S said Friday that German roops have taken over the pro aerlion ioUtherh and the borfe line of southeastern Europe Ad mitting that a few incidents were reported the broadcast said that the nazi troops disarmed a considerable number of Italian units and forced other units aboul to go over to Badoglios side to put down their arms Bern Switzerland Swis telegraphic agency dispatch from Chiasso near the Italian boixiei aid that Die situation at Milan was feverish Friday after a night of violent demonstrations b Italians against German business and private buildings in which property and goods of the formci ally were destroyed War between the Italians ant Germans already has begun the dispatch said London AP Germans announced Friday night that Rome had capitulated to a Getman assault and that the army would assume protection of Vatican City The German radio announcement said that the attacking orces were led by Field Marshal Albert von Kesselrinjr The announcement designated as coming from Hitlers eadciuarters said Field Marshal Erwin Rommel whose forces pummeled by the ALLIES LAND IN ITALY arrows indicate allied landings on Italy reported by allied headquarters Broken arrows indicate allied landings reported on Italy and Sar dinia but not confirmed by allied authorities The sawtooth line in northern Italy along the Po river shows the ap proximate front which Adolf Hitler is expected to re inforce and fight to the last man according to a Reuters report from Stockholm British Subs Sink 13 Ships in Mediterranean London subma rines sank 13 enemy vessels in cluding a number of supply ships during the concluding stages o the Mediterranean operations against Italy the admiralty an nounced Friday A number ot oth er vessels were damaged among them an Italian destroyer in the course of the operations carried out mainly in the southern Adri atic the announcement said NAZI TROOPS OCCUPY ALBANIA Report Large Allied Force May Try Landing London German new agency DNB said Friday that the Albanian ports of Valona anc Durazzo and the important towi of Llbasan have been occupied b German troops Meanwhile Swis dispatches said n powerful alliei fleet was enroutc to the littl country opposite the heel of Italy on the Adriatic sea A major battle appeared a imminent possibility for posses sion of the tiny former kingdom The Berlin broadcast recorde by The Associated Press said th nazis also occupied Ragusa Jugoslavia Valona and Durazzo are Al banias 2 most important ports Dispatches from Chiasso or the SwissItalian border said that great BritishAmerican convoy escorted by a squadron nf warships had quit an Ionian sea port and had begun movinc toward Albania under cover ol important air forces Reuters also reported a large allied con voy Tinder way in the loniai sea HURT FATALLY Washington Iowa Wilbur Crawford 67 a farm laborer died at the Washington county hospital Thursday of injuries suffered when he was struck by a car while walking along the highway cast of here Previously quoting the a Reuters dispatch Hungarian news agency said that German troops had already occupied Albania and the whole of the cast Adriatic coast Both the Chiasso dispatch and the Swiss radio said that an allied landing was imminent Albania a rugged mountainous area bordering Greece and Jugo slavia fell to Italian invasion forces in 1939 and King Zog was forced to floe his throne He is now in Kngland The kingdom was annexed hy Italy as a part of the Italian empire and had been held in check hy Italian occupation forces since the invasion north Africa had been placed j command of German troops in orihcrn Italy A broadcast frum the Rome radio at a m central war time took up uaxi propa ganda bulletins indicating that the Home radio had fallen into German hands The broadcast was recorded by the OWI The German announcement fol owed reports from Rome that gunfirehad southof he city at G a An air raid alarm was sounded the city at midda3 following an attack on the capital Thursday light by unidentified planes The radio report said also tha he surrender of Italian arms and equipment to the Germans took Report Mussolini Will Be Chief of Italian Puppet Rule London Berlin radio said Friday that former Kalian Iremier Bcnito Mussolini wouid be chief of the Germanspon sored national fascist govern ment The broadcast was re corded here by the Associated Press ilace without incident and that Jenoa and the Italian Riviera had been taken over for protection The important port and nava base ot Spczia southeast of Jenoa also was reported to be in jerman hands Marshal Rommels northern divisions forced a croup of Ital ian detachments to capitulate after a short battle most bit terly wised by our troops the German statement said The text of the German iuj iiouncement lollows The treacherous government of Badoglio had concentrated strong forces around Home during the past few weeks in preparation of their apostacy and had placed the town itself in n state of de fense against German troops out side Rome The reason for this action it wasstated the danger of an enemy landing west of Rome After the capitulation ot Italy on Sept 8 fighting between Ger man ami Italian troops developed around Rome in the evening The German commander in chief of the south Field Marshal Kcsselring brought tip reinforce ments and started an attack on Rome and presented an ultimatum to the commander In northern Italy Field Mar shal Rommel with divisions of his army forced a group of Italian de tachments to capitulate alter a short fight most bitterly waged by our troops Communication has been ef fected with the German army in the areas of Naples and Salerno German armed forces will assume the protection of Vatican City noplJcd up Trieste vas taken er a short tight than 90UOO Italians have been disarmed in this area alone In southern France the Italian fourth army has surrendered their iveapons without interference to the troops of Field Marshal Gen von Rundstetit The coast has been occupied by us from Toulon to Mentone In the Balkans the mass of the Italian command authori ties has ed to the demands of the Ger man commander in chief Fichl Marshal von Weiciis y y Divisions of Italian troops east of Tirana and ot the llth Italian army in Athens have al ready laid down their arms for the most part Italian warships and merchant men in the Aegean sea have been taken over by the German navy Italian airfields and the most important harbors or the Adriatic coast have been occupied Only very isotatcd fighting is still in progress There are more and more canes of Italian detachments join ing the German nrmy everywhere in order to continue the fighting Thus a treason greater and more cunning than any which can be found only with difficulty in history has reflected on the traitors themselves The Italian armed forces exist no longer But what will con tinue to exist for eternity will be the disdain nf the world towards the traitors Deny Pope Had Phone ConversaTion With K R London Vatican ra tio Thursday niyht denied absolutely fantastic1 reports lublishcd in Home that Pope Piui lad a SOminute telephone con ersation with President Uoosc elt Saturday and that the Pope ad been active in diplomatic af airs connected with the war Quoting the Vatican organ Osscr yators Romano the foroaticasl specifically denied an alleged nc count of the Popes actions as cir ied in the Rome newspaper opolo Di Roma Under this pressure the Italian commander in Rome capitulated for the territory in a 31mile radius of the city The disarm ament of Italian troops is in pro gress Railways and roads leading from Carinthia and Tyro to northern Italy are intact and in our hands The Ligurian coast with Genoa and Spezia have been occupied The Etsch valley and towns in the area of Bologna Verona and Cremona were Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Little change in tem perature Friday after noon Somewhat cooler Friday nigh and Saturday forenoon Iowa Light in the ex Ircme sbuthcast portion Friday night continued cool Friday nifiht and Saturday forenoon with tight frost in the north east portion Minnesota Not quite so cool west continued cool east portion with light frost east portion Friday night Light showers extreme west portion Saturday forenoon Rising temperatures Saturday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 67 Minimum Thursday night 3D At 8 a m Friday 7 YKAK AGO Maximum in Minimum 57 Yanks Smash 5 Nazi Armored Counter Drives in Area of Naples By EOWAKD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters In North troops have occupied Tarartto Italys import nt naval base inside the heel and allied forces have thereby gained their ird big foothold on the peninsula in the fastbreaking chessplay on the giant board ot ic allied head quarters announced Friday night Shortly before messages from the Italian capital indicated that German troops are attack ing Rome in a countermove to allied invasions with the ap parent intention ot ousting Pre mierMarshal Pietro Badoglio and perhaps K i n K Vittorio Emanucle and establishing a puppet fastLSI regime on Ihe capitals 7 hills y f A German radio announcement aid Rome had capitulated to the irmans In the Naples aieu where allied andiug operations were begun eforc dawn Wednesday morning t was announced that the Ameri au 5th army ot LI Gen Mark Jlarlt beat down German arm tied counterattacks in the Naples rci and firmly established pow rful bridgeheads from which to lived a decisive attack on Italys 2nd most important port British troops went ashore at faranto Thursday evening the innouncement said with the as istance of the royal navy and ipparently scant opposition was encountered The landing place is approxi mately 150 miles northeast of the advancing forward line of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgom erys 8th army on the Italian toe and approximately 110 miles southeast of Salerno where American and British troops under Gnu Clark were iKittline in the Naples area The lightnmif stab placed the allies in position to cut off light ly resisting German forces in the Calabrian jjeninsula and gave them a brilliant chance of gaining foothold to control the western fide of the entrance to the Adri atic Sea for possible invasions the Balkans The invasion force at Taranto may have been that which earlier Swiss dispatches said was head ing for Albania in the Balkans The new foothold apparently blocked any German intention of conducting 1 fighting retreat the length of the Italian peninsula on the cast side of the Appcnnincs mountains Nothing was said officially of Ihe disixisitioii of whatever Italian fleet units were at the liiK naval base at the time of Italys capitulation An JCBC broadcast from Al giers said only immobilized units ot the fleet were in Taranto the remainder apparently having fieri Allied headquarters announced that the initial groups of the American 5th army of Lt Gen Mark W Clark had smashed 5 German counterattacks in beat ing down German resistance in the Naples area and had estab lished strong bridgeheads from which to push the assault toward their 1st great objective in the campaign American and British troops then pushed inland it was an nounced encountering slronr German forces in the immediate vicinity of Salerno ZO miles smith of Naples on the Gulf of Salerno They identified thrir ;