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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 10, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H1STOHY A N DJ A RCH THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL UASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 101942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 288 NATIONWIDE CAS RATIONING URGED Britain Invades Western Coast of Madagascar LAHD TROOPS BIG SCALE ON STRATEGIC ISLE Vichy Statements Says 18 Warships and Planes Taking Part in Attack By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Great Britain sent a powerful seaborne invasion force against French Madagascar Thursday landing troops on a big scale along the entire west coast of the 1000 mile long island and latest re ports said fighting was still in progress The worlds fourth largest island Madagascar liesoff the east coast of Africa A Vichy French communi que said the British opened a general offensive at dawn Thurs day seeking tu extend their oc cupation of the strategic island which lies athwart the allies supply lanes to the middle east India and Russia The Vichy announcement said the attack followed an unsuccess ful lauding attempt by Gen Charles De Gaulles fighting French forces The British struck with 18 war ships and planes in attacks on the port ol Majunga 320 miles south of the big Diego Suarez naval base at the northern end of the island which the British occupied last V Mayand the ports of Ambanja and Morondava another 370 miles to the south A report from Vichy largefleet4engagedin the rattack a Washington an il nouncement said the operation was pi being carried out with the full ap proval of the United States Salvo Salvo VICHY British opened la general offensive against the Iwest coast of Madagascar at dawn attacking the ports of Majunga and Mprondava with and 18 warships it was an Inounced Thursday night Concenlratcd shelling ushered in the offensive as the 18 war ships poured salvo after salvo of shells into Majunsa harbor 320 miles southwest of Diego Suarez while planes bombed and strafed French troop concentrations as far inland as 105 miles The shelling continued Thursday night apparently preparing for a general troop landing The attack came two days after an unsuccessful attempted land ing by fighting French forces the government said The French said the British at Majunga had means at their dis posal at least as powerful as those used at Diego The communique on the attack said Alt the French flay this un qualjfiable aggression The communique added that the defenders were fighting in un equal conditions for the interest and honor of France The conquest of M a j u u g a would give the British and fiKhthiff French a key port the largest in Ihe island and a main railhead to the interior The allies have been cut off from the interior even with their possession of Dicco Su arci because that northern base is isolated from the Itlalgasy highway and the existing rail ways Thus the new offensive would appear to be part of the final phase of British plans for occupv ing the island and winning com plete control of the western In dian ocean Land at Several Places on Island BERLIN From German Broad Dispatches from vichy said Thursday that strong Bnlish forces attacked several harbors on Madagascar Thursday morning after a landing attempt by General DcGaulles French forces failed two days ago British troops protected by na val units and planes were said to have landed at several places on Britain Acts in Madagascar With Full Approval of U S SOVIET PLANES BOMB HUNGARY Also Attack Germany Nazis Say No Bombs Dropped in Inner Berlin LONDON UB Soviet planes ranged over nazi Europe during the night it was revealed Thurs day attacking Budapest Berlin and areas in eastern Germany and northeastern Hungary The Russian planes operated as far as 1000 miles from their bases and some quarters be lieved that new secret four motored soviet bombers were being employed The attack on Budapest was the second within a week Hungarian sources admitted casualties and damage was inflicted The German radio broadcast a DNB news agency dispatch reporting that some soviet bombers flew over the Berlin metropolitan area but said no bombs fell on the inner town What damage done to other sections of Berlin was not re vealed Several towns in Hungary were bombed in addition to Budapest which had its first raid of the war Friday night British sources reported that the targets included iron and steel works engineering factories rail roads and freight yards the island The British attack was de scribed by Vichyas on a large scale roast against the entire western of Madagascar State Department Says Adequate Safeguards Not Provided Against Axis WASHINGTON state department announced Thursday that Great Britain with the full approval of the United States hnd decided to undertake further mil itary operations in the Madagas car area Pointing out that me penetra tion or occupation of any part of Madagascar by the axis powers would constitute a definite and serious danger to the united na tions the announcement added The full military occupation of the island by British forces will therefore not only contribute to the successful conduct of the war against the axis forces but will be in the interest of the united na tions Madagascar a big island off the east coast ol Africa is a Frencl possession The British some weeks ago tonk over the port of Diego Suarez in the northern part of the island The announcement explained ihat developments in Madagas car subsequent lo the British oc cupation of Diego Suarez have not resulted in adequate safe guards against axis penetration in other parts of the island German broadcasts quoted dis patches from Vichy Thursday say ing that strong British forces at tacked several harbors on Mada gascar Thursday morning after a landing attempt by General Dc Gaulles French forces failed two days ago SPEED STUDY OF TAX PROGRAM Further Increases in Individual Income Levies Considered WASHINGTON increases in individual income taxes were reported under con sideration by the senate finance committee Thursday as it worked against time to complete action on the new revenue bill this week Chairman George DGa told reporters the committee might readjust individual in come tax rates in the lower brackets in view of its adop tion pf Ihe 5 per cent victory levy against all earnings above S624 a year He said however that this might involve flattening out the surtax brackets above the very lowest income classes Other members interpreted this as mean ing an increase in the rates paid by persons with net incomes ol around 52000 a year and up The committees approval of the 5 per cent victory levy brought H000000 additional persons into the field of potential federal tax ation and boosted the anticipatec yield from individuals to S20 462000000 in a full years opera tions The 43000000 persons who would pay taxes under the measure would provide about 51000000000 more toward gov ernment financing than all cor porations which would pay S9 413000000 under tentatively approved rates The senate committee thus has reversed the house position am made individuals rather than business the principal taxpayers As the bill was approved by the house individuals would have been assessed yearly and corporations NAZIS SEEK FRENCH FLEET British Press Group Claims Hitler Made Demand on Petain LONDON UP British Press association reportedThurs day that Germany again is at tempting to obtain control ot thi French fleet The press association said that some reports were in cir culation that Adolf Hitler has demanded the fleet in a per sonal message to Marshal Henri Philippe Petain The British agency said that the German effort to obtain the French fleet was renewed after the Dieppe attack and that Hitler wished to use the fleet as part of his coastal defense system against future allied landing at tempts The French according to these reports also arc under nazi pres sure to provide food for Marshal Erwin Rommels Afrika corps return said the press as sociation Hitler would liberate a handful of French prison ers and would return nominal control of the city of Bordeaux to Vichy Bordeaux is now in the nazi occupied zone of France The report said Hitler was prepared to confer personally with Petain in order to bully the aged marshal The press association added that Vichy had been ordered to hand over 130000 tons of mer chant shipping to make up for axis losses in the Mediterranean Issue Call for 150 Women to Take Jobs in Copper Mining GLOBE Ariz U S employment service has issued a call for 150 women to take jobs at coppeimines in this district to replace miners inducted into the armed services The Miami Copper company al ready has employed 92 women who will be put to work as soon as facilities are available The women are to be employed in surface operations REDS DECLARE DEFENSE AGAIN HAS STIFFENED Russians Admit Loss of 2 Villages to Incessant German Power Drives By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor The German storm beat more iercely around Stalingrad in a thunderous melee of tanks planes and struggling masses of men Thursday and the Berlin radio asserted that nazi vanguards had driven to the great Volga steel city itself Soviet headquarters acknowl edged that Field Marshal Fedor von Bocks incessant power drives bad overrun two more villages ivest the city but dispatches said Hie red armies fully con scious of the danger hanging over Stalingrad are defending every inch of their dear land At midday the Russian com mand declared soviet troops had stiffened fighting that raged throughout the night and were exacting a deadly toll on the Germans Perhaps significantly the daily bulletin from nazi field headquar ters cited actions on the Egyptian front in the northwest Caucasus and central Caucasus before men tioning the great assault 01 Stalingrad Then briefly it de clared the fortress zojie ot Stalin grad irore soviet fortification bitterly defended by the enem have been taken During this fighting 59 soviet tanks were de stroyed during Wednesday V Cold rains were now sweep ing the battlefield dispatches said breaking a heat wave and signalling the approach of wintry conditions which might bosr down Adolf Hitlers giant mechanized forces V The soviet midday communique said Russian infantry mortarmen and machinegun crews often en gaging in savage bayonet lighting had driven off repeated attacks overnight in the key sector west of Stalingrad and killed more than 550 Germans Fresh German forces were re ported massing in the sector however and it was apparent that von Bock was maneuvering for a climactic assault As the battle mounted in feroc ity an official soviet announce ment declared that 73 axis divis 1095000 been broken and routed with the annihilation of more than 70 per cent of their effectives from May 1 through August The statement promised every invader a bullet and two yards of earth and despite Ihe crisis engulfing the red armies at Stal injrrad il declared confidently The time is not long ahead when the remainder of the Hit lerite divisions and those of his vassals will meet the same end Soviet withdrawals west of Stal ingrad were described as orderly carried out under attack by end Japanese 44 Vfiles From Port Moresby MILLION POUNDS OF RUBBER SALINAS Cal UR Senator Sheridan Downey D Cal said Thursday the Salinas valley guayulc project will furnish 1000000 pounds ot rubber this year He said that amount was 10 times the quantity expected when the project was begun less waves of German bombers and there was no suggestion of a major nazi break through Southwest of Stalingrad our troops repulsed attacks of the enemy and inflicted heavy losses the red arm said In one sector alone eight Ger man tanks were destroyed and about a company of enemy in fantry was wiped out In the western Caucasus the soviet command reported that slaughter of more than 1000 Germans hut acknowledged that he invaders broke into the northwestern outskirts of Nov orossisk Russian Black sea naval base which the nazis claimed to have captured Sun day GEKERAL MacARTHURS HEADQUARTERS Australia Wi a series outflanking novements Japanese troops have ought their way across the sum nit of the rugged Owen Stanley mountains in New Guinea and are pushing down the southern slopes within 44 miles airline of ort Moresby General MacAr hurs headquarters announced Thursdaj Australian forces the an nouncement said are battling gallantly to halt Ihe enemy ad vance along a narrow trail traversing a series of ridges which still lie between the in vaders and their goal The fighting is proceeding un der conditions of extraordinary nardship and difficulty the bul letin added Allied air units were said to be playing an important role in the battle bombing and machine unning the Japanese continual ly There was no official indication of the size the forces which the Japanese had thrown into the offensive The invaders have traversed approximately 16 miles since the launched their push from Kokodi several days ago and now are con siderably more than halfwaj across the 120mile wide arm o southeastern New Guinea The tap through which the Japanese fought their way across the summit of the Owen Stanley ranee is about 8000 feet above sea level This means thai the invaders have conquered the most formid able portion of the mountain bar rier barring their way to Port Moresby United States as well as tralian troops presumably are in cludedin the Port Moresby gar rison although there was no in dication that Americans were jarticipating in the current fighl ng No other important action was in the New Guinea the ater There was no mention opera tions at Milne Bay 235 miles from Port Moresby at the southeast tip of New Guinea where allied roops were said Wednesday to lave wiped out 700 Japanese troops practically eliminating the enemy there New U S Drive Opens in Solomons WASHINGTON A new American offensive to drive the Japanese out of the Solomon is lands apparently was under way Thursday launched by an aerial assault on enemy troops and in stallations at Gizo sland With the U Scaptuied base on Guadalcanal 215 miles to the southeast evidently the spring board for the attack American air forces bombed and strafed the small heavily wooded island the navy department announced Wednesday night The attack was carried out lasl Sunday without enemy resistance the navy said Chief significance of the Ameri can blow at Gizo was regarded as indication of a new phase of of fensive activity in the strategic Pacific islands and evidence that the American forces had consoli dated their positions in the south F R Backs Committee Report Which Says Situation Is Critical WASHINGTON presidents rubber investi gating committee Thursday recommended nationwide gaso ine rationing enforcement of a 85 mile an hour automobile peed Jimit and expansion synthetic rubber production to 1100 JL BERNARD 31 BARUCH chairman Cant Get Priorities to Make Blond Disappear CHICAGO flipR CHICAGO B lack stone the master of deception confessed Thursday that even magicians are stumped by priorities He said he planned lo abandon one of his most startling illusions involving a diminutive blond and 14 threadbare automobile tires because you cant get priorities for making a blond disappear1 lie added that hed be torccd to abandon the trick even if the tires held together Its a question of proper psy chology in handling an audience he said The tires cause too much excitement when they are placed before a rubberhungry crowd of people A few weeks ago in Can ada the audience started bidding for he tires on In the trick the tire arc ar ranged side by side on a rack A curvaceous blond then crawls into the tube of solid rubber thus formed and a second later dis appears when the tires are polled from the rack one by one Because ficulties of transportation Blackstdne also dif has been forced to put his vanishing horse illusion on the shelf The man who fed the horse for me was drafted and Ive got the horse on my farm in Mich igan he said And anyway 1 cant do the horse trick and the tire trick both because I need the tires for a couple of trucks down on the farm If I use the tires in the trick then Ive got to use the horse to pull loads on the farm Therell probably be a shortage of horses too 000 tons a year Mr Roosevelt immediately sent the committees report to con gress and issued a statement that its recommendations would be put into effect as rapidly as arrange menls can be made We find the existing situa tion to be so dangerous the committee told the president that unless corrective meas ures arc lukeii immediately this country will face both a military and civilian collapse V The committee headed by Ber nard M Barucli proposed that War Production Chief Donald M Nelson appoint a national rubber administrator who would have full responsibility and author ity for all aspects of the rubber program Baruch and his colleagues President Karl T Compton of Massachusetts Institute of Tech nology and President James B Conant of Harvard university couched their report in the blunt est possible language In recommending appointment of an administrator whose powers would make him in effect a rubber czar the committee sharply criticized errors of the past growing out of procrastina tion indecisions conflict of authority clashes ot personali ties lack of understanding dc lajs V President Roosevelt appoinl the committee about five weeks ago at the time he vetoed a congressional measure which would have created an inde pendent war agency to super vice manufacture of synthetic rubber from farm and forest products f Farm bloc congressmen agreed to postpone any attempts to override the veto until the com mittee made its report In castigating the synthetic rubber program as it has been managed thus far the committee criticized early nonuse of known alcohol processes In proposing its program for raising rubber production to 1100000 tons a year the com mittee said there should be no further substitutions in the plans now laid down 11 did however propose im mediate erection of alcohol plants lo produce 100000000 gallons a year using recently developed these plants to be erected near the grain producing states and lo cated on water transportation The committees program however appeared to rely chief ly on petroleum process for meeting the proposed synthetic rubber goal The nationwide gasoline ra tioning program proposed by the committee would be so devised as to enforce curtailment of ci vilian driving from the national average of G700 miles a car a year to 500D miles Presently A card holders in the rationed RAINS SWEEP BATTLEFIELDS Hopes Raised That Boggy Terrain May Yet Help Russians By HARRISON SALISEUKY United Press Staff Correspondent Autumn rains swept the blood soaked battlefields before Stalin grad Thursday raising hopes that boggy terrain might yet aid the hardpressed Russians Moscow dispatches reported the rain set in as the nazis started another massive attack against the western and southwestern ap proaches to the key Volga river industrial and communications center Whether the rains had come in lime and were heavy enough to influence the outcome of the bat tle was not yet known The nazi high command reported that its forces had driven deeper into the fortifications system defending Stalingrad and the Russians ad mitted that two populated points towns or been yielded on the western ap proaches to the city eastern Solomons Car Is Found But 5 Tires Are Missing ELBERTON Ga H Joiner superintendent of city schools thinks there may be something to dreams after all He says he was dreaming he was buying a bicycle when a knock on the door of his home awakened him It was a city policeman come to tell him his car had been found several blocks away with all five tires missing lowan Denies Beef Veal Was Upgraded15 DBS M01NES a r r y Bookey president of the Bookey and Des Moines Packing com panies denied in a federal court hearing here that the concerns were guilty of upgrading beef and veal carcasses as charged by the office of price administration Bookey was the first defense witness in the hearing which is being conducted before Judge Charles A Dcwcy It the was obvious however that weeks of good figlitin weather on the Russian front are rapidly vanishing and that the weather will come jncreasinaly into play as a factor aiding the Russian defense by turning the hundreds or miles of German supply routes leading up to the front into swamps and quagmires east are limited to 2880 miles year a Weather Report FORECAST MASON Thurs day afternoon continued warm night and Friday Scattered thunder Thursday forenoon showers Thursday Friday forenoon night and IOWA Not much change in tem perature except somewhat warmer in east and central por tions Thursday night and in east portion Friday forenoon thundershowcrs in west portion late Thursday night and Friday forenoon ers and thunderstorms Thurs day night and Friday forenoon warmer east and south cooler extreme northwest portion Thursday night cooler north west and central portions Fri day forenoon fresh to moder ately strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 7G Minimum Wednesday night 57 At 8 a m Thursday 63 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation SO 40 06 A spokesman for the office of price administration said short ly after the report was made public that the OPA was ready to extend rationing now in ef fect in the cast throughout the country but that it would take a number of Joel Dean OPA fuel rationing chief called a staff meeting for later Thursday to discuss the Baruch committees proposals In two or three days it was said an estimate should be ready as to when nationwide rationing can be put into effect The committee made it clear that each person under its plan would not have a right to drive 5000 miles It applies to necessary driv the committee said And OPA officials siid there would most likely be no increase in eastern rations lo the 5 000 mile limit because the problem on the eastern seaboard is a gasoline shortage whereas the only pur pose of the committees plan is to conserve rubber In warnins of the dancer ot military and civilian collapse the Baruch committee said esti mated crude rubber supplies to Jan I 1914 were 631000 tons leaving a deficit that must be met by production of synthetic rubber of ions adequate new supplies natural or artificial can be ob tained in time the report said ;