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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 9, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY ARCHIVE U THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LU Associated uid United Prea Full Leased Wlra Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 9 1346 This Consists of Two One No 288 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mison City Sunday P WTAD Qntncy III Tllon C D S T WOI Ames Wednesday p m Iowa City Thursday Vm An Evaluation of Our Public Schools WITH the clang ol the school bell ringing out again through out our land it might be in order to take a look at this thing we know as public school education Quite largely for this appraisal Im going to turn to a British friend of mine who spent the war years in the middle west and in spected a lot of our American in stitutions at close range and made his report in a book west at Noon This friend of mine Graham Button now back in England de voted one extended chapter in his book to the American system of education An index to his con clusion Is contained in the title he gave to that of the Average Whereas up to now in Britain the educational formula has ma jored on educating the unusual youngster Americas objective is to spread out education among the masses AN over all conclusion reached by Mr Hutton whose ac quaintance I made in the days when he was heading up the Brit ish informationservices in Chi cago is that the educational em phasis in America is heavily upon indoctrination rather than on edu cation in the strict Latin meaning of those words To use his own words This emphasis is upon putting in rather than on bringing out Upon instilling the ideas of others rather than on criticizing them or getting the student to form ideas of his own upon examinations of the students absorptive capacity rather than of his originality or exposition upon assimilation rath er than on independent critical power to reason and to discrim inate All of this he goes on to say resultsin a standardized pattern of college or high school education to all the same for all but hardon teachacand student alike In contrast he points put the best of European high school and college education aims to make the student critical both of his teacher and of what is being taught It aims to discover and then develop the original and in dependent qualities or capacities of the young mind rpHIS passion for conformity and which Mr Hutton observes is out of line with midwestern character in other particulars results in a crystall izing of prejudices and in creat ing terrible problems for those university professors who later on try to develop an original inde pendent and critical faculty in those same young minds This character of uniformity and conformity in education at least so far as the middle west is concerned may well be at tributed to the immaturity of our organized educational effort The public schools in this area arent 100 years old Public education he points out is recent very recent It was called forth from a busy people mainly by the great efforts of women New Englanders mini sters and a few leading citizens It has had to change vastly and frequently to fit new peoples with new ideas as they populated the region It has had to assimilate their children and equip them with Americanism It has had to keep pace with big changes as the various new forms of transport and the quick er communication of ideas trans formed a region of insulated agri cultural settlers into one of the greatest industrial regions of the world if not the greatest And as they are still changing still in the process of becoming so is mid west public education It is as complex and as varied as the life of the people THEN he goes to recall that the main problem of our edu cation in the frontier days was that of teaching the 3 Rs to the children of farmers It was at this stage that many men and women with little learning much zeal for the young and natural teaching ability started rudimentary classes in an attic a store a church or in their own cabins Abraham Lin coln was a product of that era Education of that period was ne cessarily for the children of rural segregated and hardworking peo ple When railroads and highways came into being waves of immi grants and settlers came both to towns and to country and ednca t i o n a 1 institutions multiplied rapidly The individual teachers remained but in little red school houses built for them These schoolhouses Mr Hut ton points out are fresh in the memory of many midwesterners today and they are still a ma jority of the schools in the coun tryside They are the monument of the vanishing Old Midwest But they are still important The U S office of education in CONTINUED ON PAGE 3 BRITISH DROP CLAIMS ON ITALY Russia Accused of Stalling Peace Efforts for Chinese Washington group of Americans familiar with conditions in the Orient charged Monday that Soviet Russia for months had been directing communist followers in a program of stalling peace efforts in China The charges were made by the American China Policy Associates Inc in a letter delivered last week to President Truman J P Powell the American journalist who permanently crippled while a war time prisoner of the Japanese is president of the association Its letter to Mr Truman was signed by 17 persons including John Earl Baker former Amer ican Red Cross director in China Professor Sidney Hook New York University Rep Walter H Judd R Minn Rep Clare Boothe Luce R Conn Dr Frank L Meleney New York surgeon Dr Donald D Van Slyke chief chem istRockefeller Foundation and Robert J Watt international rep resentative of ation of Labor They urged American Feder Mr Truman to shakeup the state departments far eastern division to place in au thority there perspns who would enthusiastically support the fol lowing policies 1 An immediate demand upon Russia to yield unqualified politi cal control of Chinas territories to the Chinese Chiang KaiShek government in accordance with the Yalta agreement 2 Denunciation of the program of the Chinese communists and withdrawal of all United States support for them 3 Full and unqualified support of the Chinese government in supressing the Chinese communist organization This proposal was accompanied by a translation of a document which the policy association said proved that Moscows communist Internationale controlled com munist activities in China The translated document said the communist Internationales eastern bureau had adopted on March 12 1946 a resolution of general policy with respect to the communist program in China The China policy association said the central political bureauvof the Chinese communist party issued the document which proposed that Chinese communists should use revolutionary tactics to estrange relations between the United States and Chiang KaiShek head of the Chinese government REFUSE TO LOAD SHIPS TO TITO Union Wants Action on Shooting Incident New York P Kyan president of the International Longshoremens association said Monday longshoremen would not load any relief supplies for Yugoslavia until proper action is taken against those who were re sponsible for shooting down our planes in that country Ryan asserted that even ifthe strike of AFL seamen were to end Monday there still would be no loading of anyvessel with cargoes bound for Yugoslavia F H LaGuardia general direc tor of UNRRAsaid Sunday that Joseph Curran president of the National Maritime Union had agreed to order his men to sail UNRRA relief ships to any country provided they were fully loaded La Guardia said there were 37 UNRRA ships now in the nations ports some of them partly loaded It was not disclosed how many were destined for Yugoslavia ILA members work the docks on the east and gulf coasts Asked as he visited the ILA of fice what action he believed should be taken by this country Ryan said that was up to the state department He added however that the ac tion should constitute sufficient punishment of those responsible for the crimes to the satisfaction of the citizens of this country Ryans statement was the first official sanction from the ILA for action taken by rankandfile dock workers wholast week stopped loading the Bartlesville Victory here Africa contains 40 per cent of the worlds potential water power FARMER KILLED BY LIGHTNING Meets Death While in Pasture After Cows Clear W Scott 33 who operated a farm 4 miles northeast of Clear Lake was killed by lightning while in the middle of his pasture bringing his cows home for milking Sunday night The lightning accompanied a heavy downpour of rain which brought precipitation over North Iowa for the past 4 days to 634 inches at the KGLO transmitter tower in Mason City When her husband failed to re turn Mrs Scott called neighbors and a search took place They found the body in the center of the pasture away from all fences The body was taken to the Ward funeral home at Clear Lake where plans for the funeral were being made Monday Mr Scott besides his wife is survived by 2 children Karen 5 and Douglas who was observing his 1st birthday the day his father was killed Mr Scott was born Aug 12 1913 at Redfield son of Mr and Mrs William Douglas Scott He attended the schools at Redfield and later was at Drake university Des Moines and the University of Denver On Feb 18 1939 he was mar ried atGarvin to Maxine Eppard of Redfield He was a member of th Christian church of Clear Lake Funeral services were in complete plans are being made to hold them atRed field MORRIS W SCOTT Flood Danger Subsides at Charles City Chartes City Flood waters abated in the Cedar river in spite of Sunday rains readings Monday showing the level at 5 feet 6 inches as compared with 13 feet 8 inches Saturday The coffer dam was entirely washed away with the exception of a small section on the north bank This dam was used to hold back the water while workmen re constructed the river dam which was washed out by a previous flood It will be necessary to rebuild the coffer dam before work on the river dam can be completed Much of the material can be sal vaged but the loss will be heavy Ray Keith is superintendent of construction of the dam One package of American ciga rets is worth 11 pounds of butter in Copenhagens black market CIO SEAMEN TO DEMAND WAGE RISE OF BOARD Union Leader Curran Reaffirms Support of Walkout by AFL BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Joseph Curran leader of 90000 National Maritime Union CIO seamen reaffirmed his support of the nationwide strike by AFL seamen for restoration of a wage stabilization board pay cut Monday and declared he would demand a matching raise for his men The announcement came as the greatest shipping strike in history entered its fifth day with the idleness of a half million men and every seaport in the country strangling international commerce and affecting many domestic in dustries The WSB which rolled back AFL raises of on the west coast and on the east to a month the amount awarded to CIO in Washington Tuesday to recon sider its decision Strike leaders said only an out right reversal would bring a backtowork order Harry Lundeberg leader of the 90000 striking AFL seamen whose picket lines are being respected by another 400000 AFL and CIO seamen stevedores teamsters and other maritime workers reiter ated last Sunday night that his men would not return to work un til wage cuts ordered by the war stabilization board are scrapped Lundeberg president of the striking sailors union of the Paci fic and the seafarers international union said in a radio address that the walkout would continue until the politicians in Washington ap proved the wage increases the SitP aHrfSUF rlegotiatedwith the shipowners Assistant Secretary of Labor Phillip Hannah who flew from Washington to see Lundeberg in the hope of arranging a truce an nounced Sunday night after the last o several meetings with the union leader that he had been un successful in his negotiations and was leaving at once for Washing ton The war stabilization board is scheduled to meet Tuesday in Washington to reconsider its Aug 23 ruling limiting AFL seamen to wage increases of monthly amount awarded to CIO sea men The AFL unions had nego tiated increases with shipowners of on the west coast and on the east coast SEE NEW YORK STORES CLOSING Strike of Truck Drivers Hits Large Sugar Firm New York strike of 25000 truckers in the New York metropolitan area gave New Yorkers a sharp new blow Mon day when a large sugar refining firm suspended operations and a spokesman for a chain store pre dicted 2000 retail chain food stores would shut down complete ly by Tuesday The National Sugar Refining company which claims to be the largest processor in the metro politan area said it suspended op erations at its Long Island city plant and another sugar firm dis closed it had made no deliveries in the metropolitan area for a week The chain store spokesman who declined use of his name said shelves of the 2000 chain stores were bare and there was no hope of replenishing them Theres nothing to do but shut up shop You cant sell what you havent got he said The strike of 25000 truck drivers and helpers in the Metro politan area went into its 8th day Monday with no prospect of an early settlement after 6000 drivers at a turbulent union meeting Sunday refused to accept a com promise settlement plan READY FOR upon receiving word that their 3 year old daughter Madeline had been found safe at Terre Haute Ind Mr and Mrs Philip Tobias aided by Mrs Ben Hurst Madelines grandmother pack a bag of new clothes and dolls for the child The parents left Kansas City Mo Monday by plane to Terre Haute AP Wirephoto 6 Yugoslav Soldiers Are Held by US Trieste diers were arrested by the Ameri can 88th division Monday shortly after a 6pound dynamite bomb exploded in Trieste where 22 per sons including 7 Americans were injured Sunday by a hand grenade The Yugoslav soldiers had 5 hand grenades in their possession officials said when they were arrested after the 2nd explosion marked a renewal of antiallied violence in Trieste The allied command charged Sunday in a formal statement that the Yugoslavs were harrassing the occupation forces and violating their agreement to guarantee free dom of movement along an au thorized route Those injured Sunday were vic tims of a hand grenade believed to have been thrown from a win dow after machinegun fire from local police stirred up a proSlo vene crowd American military police and lo cal authorities fired into an angry proYugoslav mob of 5000 to break up an unauthorized demon stration after the explosion oc curred An undetermined number of demonstrators were believed in jured MAPlHECTOF SQUATTER MOVE London British cabi net met in special session Monday and mapped strategy to check a communistled squatter campaign to seize public and privately owned buildings for housing 10 000 persons Even as Prime Minister Attlee and his ministers were meeting squatters who took over 2 luxury apartment buildings and 8 other dwellings Sunday extended their invasion to 4 additional houses in the swank Kensington district Many of the more than 1000 men women and children who took part in Sundays mass move a communist direct ac tion campaign decfared they would not budge Authoritative sources said the prevailing opinion in government circles was that the squatters now are taking over private property and that normal processes of law must be used to get them out Parents and Missing Girl Are Reunited Maid Held Terre Haute Ind year old Madeline Toby Tobias was reunited with her parents from Kansas City at the local police station Monday clasped her child missing for 4 days and cried Are you all right Are you all right The youngster said I am They didnt beat me or slap me or anything Shortly after the exciting reunion the party left the station They did not say where they going The Tobias family and officers flew from Kansas City after the child was found safely here earlier and a woman who gave her name as Mildred Everett was arrested on a kidnaping charge Chief of Detectives Robert Vance said the woman admitted kidnaping the child from the home of her parents Mr and Mrs Philip Tobias where she had been employed as a maid Vance quoted the woman as saying I loved the little girl and wanted her for my own Officers went to the Elmer Funkhouser farm and found the child after Funkhouser came to police headquarters Monday morn ing and said he had seen news paper photographs of the little girl and was sure he had her in his home Vance said the Everett woman was found later in a Terre Haute home where she had obtained em ployment as a housekeeper Vance said the woman told him she arrived in Terre Haute last Friday having hitchhiked here with Madeline Vance said the woman told him she turned the child over to the Funkhousers over the weekend telling that the child was her own and since she was unable to care for it they could adopt it Vance added that the woman told him she had used the name Mildred King when she ob tained employment in the Tobias home recently Police Chief Forest Braden said the woman and the child would be held here pending arrival of au thorities from Kansas City STRATEGY PAYS OFF Wilton N H school headmaster Newell W Paire resorted to strategy to get the chil dren to class on time when the fishing season opened He offered prizes for the largest fish and for the most fish but to be eligible the students had to be in class be fore a m A breakfast of trout was served before classes started and there were no truants Fists Fly as Iowa Meeting of Jehovahs Witnesses Is Broken Up Lacoiia scheduled meet ing of a group identified by town officials as Jehovahs Witnesses was broken up here Sunday by about 25 men many of whom de scribed themselves as war vet erans About 30 persons suffered cuts ind bruises in a scries of fights between individuals and groups in which sticks bottles and a variety of weapons were used as the op position unit clashed with mem bers of the religious group An estimated 700 persons milled around the city park of this War ren county town of 424 population 30 miles southeast of Des Moines during the fracas but only arela tively small number engaged in the series of fights Sheriff Lewis Johnston reached the sceneabout an hour later and conferred with Mayor Lo Goode City Marshal Carl McFarland and Charles Sellers Des Moines a spokesman for the religious group The sheriff told the group to go home or go to the ball game The crowd dispersed slowly Robert Bowers Lacona town councilman and World war II vet eran declared We dont want them here I dont see why they should insist on coming here when there are no Jehovahs Witnesses in Lacona Sellers told the sheriff that the group which had been warned by objectors a week ago to stay out of Lacona would return for meetings scheduled the next 2 Sundays adding If we give up our right of freedom of assembly here we might as well give it up every where Representatives of the group in sisted town officials had given permission for the meetings All 5 members oi the town council were present Four of them denied hav ing granted any such permission The 5th councilman Furman Repperger said a representative of Jehovahs Witnesses had spoken to him about the meetings and he had told them to come at their own risk Later Sellers and R T Caldwell Johnston said they didnt know whether they would go ahead with the meetings scheduled for the next 2 Sundays We are going to get some legal advice first Caldwell explained Some members of the opposition group said they objected to the war record of the religious group Halsey Says Dropping of ABomb Was Mistake Buffalo N Y The drop ping of an atomic bomb on Hiro shima was a mistake in the opinion of Fleet Admiral William F Bull Halsey Jr The first atomic bomb was an unnecessary experiment he said Saturday night at a news confer ence It was a mistake to ever drop it Why reveal a weapon like that to the world when it wasnt necessary Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy with thundershowers Monday night becoming partly cloudy Tuesday No decided change in tempera ture Iowa Mostly cloudy with scatter ed thundershowers Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy with a few widely scattered showers No decided change in temperature Lows Monday night 54 in extreme northwest io 64 in south and east portions Highest Tuesday in middle 80s except near 70 in northwest por tions Minnesota Occasional rain in south and east central portions and mostly cloudy extreme north portion Monday night Tuesday mostly cloudy and somewhat warmer with rain ending most sections IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 76 Minimum 64 At 8 a rn Monday 67 Precipitation 167 YEAR AGO Maximum 79 Minimum 53 GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 67 Minimum 56 At 8 a m Sunday 57 Precipitation 54 YEAR AGO Maximum 80 Minimum 65 COUNTRY LOSES BILLION PREPARATIONS Will Only Confiscate Italian Assets in U K and Colonies Paris Britain went before the Italian economic com mission Monday to renounce its claims to some in reparations from Italy It reserved to itself only the right to exercise article 69 of the Italian treaty allowing it to con fiscate whatever Italian assets may be found in the United Kingdom and Us colonies to satisfy claims for war damage Some British quarters set the value ol the Italian assets at no more than The British statement expressed belief the decision will show the Italian people that we are not unmindful of the weight of the task of reconstruction which lies ahead of them or of their services to the allied cause Britains claim against Italy had brought total reparation claims against the former axis partner to more than Only Russias 5100000000 claim has been approved so far The peace conference resumed talks on the ItalianYugoslav boundary and moved to finish other treaties by Oct 20 The foreign minsters council agreeing to a proposal by Soviet Russia asked the United Nations general assembly Monday to postpone for one month its scheduled Sept 23 meeting in New York to avoid conflict with the Paris peace conference At the same time informed quarters reported that the foreign ministers had decided to meet in New York next month to present to the assembly the peace treaties which the conference is nowdraft ing for Italy Romania Hungary Bulgaria and Finland The minis ters also would begin drafting treaties for Germany and Austria at that time these quarters said The United States did not join in the request for postponement of the general assembly meeting but did not offer any objection Britain associated herself provi sionally with the request reserv ing final decision pending a tele phone conference Monday between A V Alexander who attended the foreign ministers meeting and Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin who has returned to London for discussions on Palestine France joined with Russia in supporting the move also favored by China and Belgium who were invited to sit in with the Big Four The ministers decision was tak en at a fivehour meeting which began Sunday night after U S Secretary of State James F Byrnes return from Germany and continued into the early morning Read The United States Army Message Today on Page 2 Hancock to Conduct Vote on Hospital countys vot ers will go to the polls Tuesday to pass on a proposal to authorize a bond issue for the con struction of a Hancock county memorial hospital honoring those from this county who served in both world wars Based on an aggregate tax valu ation of a little more than 000999 the half mill levy for this purpose it has been calculated would yield a year and re tire the bond issue in less than 10 years According to a detailed estimate made by the Frank W Griffith architectural firm in Fort Dodge the 45 bed hospital which would be erected in Britt could be built for The proposal is sponsored by American Legion posts the Britt Klemme Kanawha Woden Crystal Lake and Corwith It carries the indorse ment of the Farm Bureau and physicians Plans call for the appointment of 7 trustees from throughout the county to be appointed by the board of supervisors for the man agement the hospital Polls will open at 8 oclock Tues day morning and close at 8 oclock p m Tall Corn Bloomington III stalk of corn planted at Illinois State Normal university grew more than an inch a day over a 2 week period When first measured its height was 8 inches Two weeks later the stalk measured an even 2 feet or a growth of 15 inches in It days ;