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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 9, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OtMHTMENT OF MO JMHIII8 k fr f THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press ind United Press Full Leased Five a Copr MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 9 ISM Helps 3 Iowa Boys to Plan GetTogether By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor teller No 12 no other phase of the war effort does teamplay count for more than in the operation at a Flying For tress I had known this in a general way but it wasnt until I spent a couple days at the Hells Angels bomber base that I realized the full verity of that observa tion Pilot copilot navigator bom bardier radio op era tor and gunners all have their important role to play in the operation and if any one of them falls down the purposeof a mission is lost It may mean death to the flyers and de struction for the plane The difficult and specialized du ties of each member were im pressed on me as I clambered length of a Flying Fortress equipped and ready for its mis sion over Europe except for the bomb load The nature of the bomb load is not determined until the specific target is known Theres just one reason lor your flying over Germany today Col Kermit D Stevens of Oregon told the crews of his group as they made ready in the wee hours for NO 290 SMASH GERMAN COUNTER DRIVE Goes to Paris W Earl Hall and a South Da kota newspaperman who traveled into France and to the French capital were the first Americans in civilian clothes to enter Paris in 4JA years How Normandy appears and how the French celebrated their liberation will be described later in the series of letters by Mr Halt their mission Thats to drop your bomb load on the target assigned to yflu If you dont do that you might just as well have stayed home Thats how it is In flight to and from the target area maneuver ing evasiveaetionvagainst flak and lighter planes is permis sible But when it comes to the final target run planes must be held to their exact courses come what may Its here that the element of teamplay reachesits highest de velopment And in this connection Im reminded of the observation frequently nude to me by the commanding officers at the base that the 5 enlisted men in every crew dont get their share of the credit One of the Hells Angels non coms who has won the commen dation of the officers is Phil Smith of Ottumwa He holds the rank of staff sergeant and he operates the radio equipment on his plane Like and I think I can say most the radio men in this import ant group Sgt Smith received his technical training at the army radio base in Sioux Falls S Dak Sgt Smith was the first lad I talked to as flyers from the Mers burg mission stepped out of their planes and proceeded to the in terrogation building for Red Cross doughnuts and coffee By coincidence I had met one of his Ottumwa buddies Lt Al Jones in a London cafe the pre vious night Jones is in the army flying service but at another base The 2 had lost track of each other for several months Now how ever plans are afoot for a London gettogether and it will include another Ottumwa boyhood pal Howard Fickle The sergeant and I talked mostly about Iowa If was with the greatest difficulty that J squeezed out some information about the important flying mis sion he had jnst completed He wanted to know about his Iowa friends Iowa weather and a dozen other things In a sense I was an animated letter from home Often in the movies Ive seen pictures of crews getting together for interrogation at the conclusion of a flying mission This is to say that their fidelity to the real thing is nothing short of amazing Faces are grim Clothes are dis heveled Conversation is at a min imum Principal concern is over the planes which havent yet set down A typical question What happened to Tom I saw him get a burst of flak just after his ship finished its bomb run If anybody harbors the quaint notion that flying over Germany in a fortress is pleasant Staff Sgt Phil Smith is one person who can correct the delusion Like every American boy with whom Ive talked over Ive met them bv the hundreds he wants more than anything else in the world to finish this job and get back home DEWEY GOESTO MICHIGAN FOR MORE PARLEYS Outlines Views on World Organization to Maintain Peace Enroute Wilh Dewey Thomas E Dewey turned north ward to his native state of Michi gan to start 10 of grass root campaigning Saturday after de claring at Louisville Ky Friday night for the formation oJ a force wielding world security organiza tion without waiting for the wars end Xbe republican presiden tial nominee traveled toward Lansing without any scheduled stops for conferences with Gov Harry F Kelly and leaders of political farm labor Negro and other organizations Aides insisted this was part and parcel of his determination to avoid any appearance of a typical peacetime barnstorming tour Until Sept IB when he speaks a Seattle Wash he will make only brief trainend appearances and spend most of his time in confer ences Dewey made it plain before he left Louisville however that he is ready to take issue any one whose views do not coincide with his He called a little naive written question submitted by Warren Moscow reporter for the New York Times inquiring if the nominee agreed with Sen Arthur Vandenberg R Mich that an international peace organization should not be established unti after the peace settlement Well Warren the question is a little naive Dewey said with a smile as the reporters gathered around Him in roof garden ballroomof aLouisville hotel The international organization that we will achieve at the end o this war will only be commence after 60 nations have been brongh together and have agreed on the structure the nominee continued if we work at top spee with all of the finest skill am talent that we have at our com mand and at the command of al the other nations it will take months to develop complete agree ment upon all of the aspects o the international organization The war pace was so swift Dewey went on that none couli tell when it might end and thj nearer we are to being in agree ment on its form the nearer w will be to the point where it can begin effective work I feel very strongly that wor on it negotiations on it consul tations and the bringing in o the small nations should all pro ceed as rapidly as possible h said Dewey came out flatly Frida night before a cheering crowd in Louisville armory in support o the principle of usins force wher necessary to prevent future wars In his 2nd major campaig speech delivered before the Na tional Federation of Womens Re publican Clubs at Louisvilleth governor indorsed the America plan for a postwar security organ ization as submitted to the Dum barton Oaks conference in Wash ington and said This world organization shou develop effective means to prevent or repel mil tary aggression and such mean should include the use of force a well as the mobilization of in ternational opinion of moral pres sure and of economic sanctions Development of the organiza tion he contended should be th PAYS DDES Of DIMES Ltnox Iowa Lenox vet eran of the first World war works on the principle that a dime a day keeps the dues al paid He recently walked into the Ameri can Legion post and dumped a bundle of on the desk enough to pay his dues for 5 years BALKANS DRIVE WILL OPEN NEW ROUTE TO REDS U S Bombers Attack Nazi Transport Lines Jamming Greek Roads Moscow red armys weep through Bulgaria appeared likely Saturday to free the Balkan eninsula entirely of Germans in ess than a week and open sea anes from the Mediterranean to Ukranian ports in the near fu EUROPES GAYEST CITY LIBERATEDCheering welcoming crowds climb aboard British tank to ride through the streets of Brussels Belgium as the liberating allied troops enter the city U S signal corps radiophoto vork of many minds with small as well as large nations partici pating No one man or 3 or 4 men can shape it he declared obviously referring to the Teheran and Cairo conferences The crowd cheered wildly Speaking of Poland France the Low Countries and Norway the candidate told his nationwide ra dio audience that they and all other peoples of good will are en titled to full partnership in pre venting another war He reiterated that discussion of peace problems should be open and not on any hushhush pus syfoot basis Again lashing put at what he termed v the Washington spenoV ers Dewey declared have been proposing that America should try to buy the good will of the world Good will He said cannot be bought with Dewey said Americans are com pletely agreed on the proposition that they do not intend to have a 3rd World war and that we can not make good that resolve by any effort to withdraw or isolate ourselves from the rest of the world Peace efforts must become non partisan he declared adding that he would insist that these mat ters shall never be subjects for partisan political advantage by any individual or by any party either in orout of power As a possible allusion to his earlier advocacy of a postwar military alliance with Great Bri tain later expanded to include Russia and China the New York governor said he repeatedly had insisted that this country most continue close cooperation with the other major allied powers to supervise the disarmament ol Germany and Japan But the task of maintaining permanent peace he said is a much broader one in which all nations great and small must be given an opportunity to join We Americans and a few strong friends must not assume the right to rule the world he declared Quebec Preparesto Be Host to Churchill and Roosevelt By C S BLACKBURN Canadian Press Staff Writer city of Quebec will be the scene of the next meeting between Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Roosevel at a date yet to be decided The 2 leaders who have not met since they were at Teheran las November will plan the conquest of Japan as well as thefinal phases of the European war Quebec was thrilled to have the 2 leaders here a year ago and grea preparations are going forward in expectation of the forthcoming meeting News correspondentsand camera men are here in force and the great Chateau Frontenac with its 800 rooms has been taken over in it entirety for the official delegates The pther hotels the Clarendon ant Chateau St Louis have lover correspondentsL earners menan dTadio co r During Hie course of their forthcoming discussions it Is quit possible that the liberation of France Belgium and the Netherland may be completed and possibly the capitulation of Germany may b announced FARMER SUES CITY Des Moines dam age suit was filed against the city of Des Moines Friday by R R Griffiths farmer who chargec that some sand left by the city on the Des Moines river bank near his farm had washed over his 25 acre corn field last June causing him to lose the crop CATTLE AT SALE BRING Entire Train Load of 90 Cars Are Offered Manly A crowd estimated at 2000 persons attended the 20th annual cattle sale of Oswald Strand at the sale yards Thursday when receipts totaled S216215B5 Most of these fine Herefords came from Montana a majority of them steers but also a large number of fine heifers cows Ninety carloads of cattle ar rived by rail yith one whole train load consisting of 56 cars of feeders for the sale Five auction eers were in charge Some of the biggest buyers were from Wisconsin Minnesota Illinois and many from distant points in Iowa This sales yard which is pri vately owned by Oswald and Son is probably the largest of its kind inIowa Workers Are Back on Jobs at Armour Packing Plant Omaha Omaha JP Employes in th aeef hog and sheep killing depart ments of Armour and compan lere agreed to return to their job Saturday following settlement o a dispute which began Thursday E G Hinton general manage of the Omaha plant and A T Stephens district director of th Union Packinghouse Worker issued statements Frida declaring the men had been calle back to work and that nations representatives of the compan and the union would be in Oman early next week to look into th cause of the present dispute Company representatives calle the disputea strike while unio spokesmen termed it a lockout Hinton contended the men qu work because they had been aske to work 10 hours a day instea of nine PINCH EVERY PENNY Shawnce Okla in the postoffice here was the carefully prepared budget of somebody ap parently determined to practice the strictest economy The budget listed various items right down to the cent and ended Pinch every penny xLaaU A VISITOR FROM THE SUBURBS ARRIVES IN PARISA regularly licensed trailer towed by a bicycle is the form of transportation used by this woman from the outskirts wheelor vSk facilities are jjaiing and travelers must S ure The drive was coordinated vith operations of Marshal Titos and allied commando units in Yugoslavia The combined operations hreatencd 250000 Germans in he lower Balkans with entrap ment Rome dispatches said roads n Greece were jammed with Ger man transport moving northward and that American bombers were attacking transport lanes Opening of the Mediterranean or shipments to Black sea ports vould cancel the need for the overland supply route from he Persian Gulf The American ersian Gulf command whose ransportation achievements in ran have been impressive in the past 2 years is expected to be available soon for transfer to a 3acific theater of war Huge supplies for the Russian offensives have been tunneled hrough Iran Clearing of the VIediterraneanBlack sea route would greatly shorten supply ines for the final assault on Ger many from the east In northern Poland with the threat of autumn rain and mud growing daily Gen M Zakharov subdued heavy German counter attacks against his Narew river bulge towardEast Prussia south wcstibf Lomza Yanks Are 25 Miles From Belfort Gap Rome American 7th army forces driving rapidly northeast through the Doubs river valley from Besancon have reached a point less than 25 miles from the Belfort gap route into southwestern G e r m a n y allied headquarters announced Satur day Already they had covered at least half the distance between Besancon and the city of Belfort allied headquarters announced An Associated Press dispatch from the FrenchSwiss frontier Friday night said 3 allied motor ized columns were approaching the city with the most advanced only 10 miles distant This dis patch said allied artillery opened up on the city as early as 4 a m Friday r Germans in strength in good positions appeared deter mined to defend the gap the dispatch said French troops driving north ward west of the Americans over ran the towns of Le Creusot Chagny and MontchaninLes Mines in the heart of a coal and industrial area that long has fed the nazi war machine In this region lies the Schneider Metallurgical Works and plants with a capacity of 30000 tons of steel annually The area often was a bomber target West of the Saone river the French kept up a steady pace to ward Dijon and cleared the en emy from Beaune after 2 days of stiff fighting Beaune lies 18 miles north of ChalonSurSaone on the route to Dijon Skirting the Swiss frontier in a northward push the French troops seized the Jura mountain towns of PierreFontaine and Maiche the latter 25 miles south of the ancient gap at the end o the Vosges mountains 30 mile from the German border The American 7th army afte Princess Juliana Arrives in England London Juliana of the Netherlands has arrived in England from Canada the Dutch news agency Aneta announced Saturday Washington senate has approved the following nom ination for postmastership Peter S Juhl Crystal Lake Iowa supported iH e enemy ground ef fort in this sector emphasizing its importance in the German scheme of all out defense of the reich front against eastern invasion re gardless of weaknesses elsewhere A frontline dispatch to the army newspaper Red Star admitted the Germans at first made small gains but said these were wiped out in bitter Heavy rains turning the dusty Polish plains into sticky quagmire usually begin in mid September Bad weather would confront the red high command with new dif ficulties in trying to break the deadlock on a front extending from the vicinity East Prussia to the approaches of Krakoiv Berlin reported that the Rus sians had opened a new offensive on the route to Krakow in south ern Russian and Romanian forces won strategic control of southern Transylvania with the occupation of the communications center of Sibiu and soviet tanks and shock troops were pushing rapidly on toward the Mures river which flows into the Hungarian plain Russian armor had driven within 128 miles of the flat open frontier of Hungary The soviet union accepted So fias request for an armistice fol lowing upon Bulgarias declara tion of war against Germany Russian veterans who moved into Bulgaria from Romania on a 135 mile front were greeted by the Bulcars as brothers in arms The Sofia radio announced Saturday that former Premier Kimon Georgiev who had opposed collaboration with Germany had taken over the premiership from Konslantin Muraviev and formed a new government Muraviev broadcast a proclamation Friday night that Bulgaria had declared war on Germany in accord with soviet picked up and again drove eastward to th vicinity of HoulansLeGrad Ji miles nearer Belfort The Germans fought to keep the back door to Dijon open partic ularly along the BeauneChagny Montchanin line But the Frencl dug them out and pushed west ward to Autun presenting a solii 40mile battering ram westwari from the Saone Taking over more areas of th wide Doubs valley American troops smashed to the Doubs rive at several points and penetrate the Chaux forest Virtually every bridge across the Doubs west o Besancon was demolished by Ih fleeing nazis NAZIS FAIL IN EFFORT TO CUT NON 3RD ARMY Germans Deplete Reich of Reserves to Bolster Siegfried Line Defense London forces loised for a lulling blow at the lieg fried line SMASHED the heaviest counterattack the Ger mans have mustered since the attle of Normandy Saturday vhile the British 2nd army beat o pieces a lasthope German at empt to break out of the coastal ntrapment between Lille and Gent in Belgium The Germans were desperately allying reinforcements and fight ng with bitter determination in hese preliminaries to the battle of Germany Lt Gen George S Tattoos 3rd army along the Mo elle was becoming engaged in the irst full scale battle since the original American breakout of Normandy July 25 In the north the British drove mother bridgehead across the Al ert canal some 25 miles east of Antwerp Associated Press Correspondent ffes Gallagher with Pattons prces declared the scale and veight of the counterattack the 1500 Planes Hit German Bases on Western Wall Supreme Headquarters AEF tanks and troops lore open the Ardennes forest and Moselle river barriers almost within artillery range of Germany Saturday while a fleet of 1500 U S warplanes struck a mighty sof t eninsup blow at nazi west wall bases in the Rhine and Bohr val leys Thunderingaerarethe Iwttte forthesecond straight day a force of 1000 American Flybu Fortresses and Liberators and 589 Mustang Fighters raked the Ger man rear lines with bombs and gunfire smashing at road and rail targets and the Rhineland cities of Dusseldorf Mainz and Mann heim Lived in a Month Room Leaves Cleveland Mrs Lucy C Armstrong 86 year old reclus who lived in a a month room eft more than when sh died Friday Police who examine Mrs Armstrongs modest lodging after she was fatally injured in Tall said they found a bank boo listing in deposits an stock certificates worth approxi mately Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy at intervals Saturday night and Sunday with scattered showers late Sat urday afternoon and Saturday night cooler Sunday afternoon Iowa Except for few widely scat tered showers fair weather will continue the next 3 days Tem peratures will remain near nor mal Moderate to occasional strong winds Minnesota Partly cloudy with little change in temperature Saturday night and Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 7t Minimum Friday night 57 At 8 a m Saturday 60 YEAR AGO Maximum 62 Minimum 40 Precipitation 02 Landed Million Men in France in 28 Days After Invasion Started London naval head quarters disclosed Friday night that in the first 28 days of the in vasion 1000000 men had been transported to France In the last war the total of American mil itary personnel in Europe was slightly over 2000000 at the time of the armistice nazis launched through Thionville indicated the German army had succeeded in pulling together enough forces for a determined stand This attack apparently was in tended to catch the 3rd armys flank and break through to the rear west of the Moselle river and perhaps attempt to split the 3rd army front from the first U S armys line north through the Ar dennes forest Involved in the heavy fighting within heavy artillery range of the Siegfried line in the Aachen sector was the biggest American fighting force ever assembled on a foreign continent The Germans were reported de pleting the reich of reserves to bolster the menaced Siegfried ALL THEIR EGGS in one basket just as in Normandy where they staked all and lost on the CaenSt Lo line Gallagher told how American Black Widow night fighters were ranging into Flying Bomb Kills 4 Persons in Paris Paris Sept 8 A German flying bomb landed Fri day at a point in the Paris an area about 40 miles around the killed at least 4 per sons and injured 12 It was the second robot bombing of Paris The first attack was a week ago The populace showed little con cern WHERE ALLIES PRESS OFFENSIVES IN Arrows indicate areas of allied drives along the channel coast across the Albert canal in northern Belgium along the Mouse and Moselle river beachheads and toward Bel fort in south France Shaded line is German frontier ;