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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 8, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Of HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DCS MOlNCt IA Associated Pros and United Press Full Leased MASON CITY IOWA SATPEPAY SEPTEMBER g Allies to Try 400000 Nazis GOERING HESS ARE STARS OH CRIMINAL LIST 24 Nazis Win Face Master Trial Set in Nuernberg Next Month Washington of 300 000 to 400000 Germans on charges of criminal wartime actions is ex pected to follow the master trial of big shot criminals scheduled to begin in Nuernberg next month The United Press was given that figure Saturday by a reliable anc informed individual Twentyfour persons already have been named for themaster trial which will be sruup included navy radio conducted by commissioners and men Marvin Balhorn of Garrison prosecutors representing Great and Charles Sargent of Britain France the Soviet Union South Hitler Rumor Again MaXr that Hitler and his chiefly Hamburg their search Liberated Prisoners Tell They Fooled Japs While Intercepting U S Messages By VEEN HAUGLAND Yokohama island and the United States survivors and Edw group includes Hermann N J Goering Rudolf Hess and other v vor the nazi stars Among charges to be included in the indictments is that the nazi S3 and the gestapo were criminal organizations It is ex pected that this charge will be survivors and Edward J of Trenton N J sur Hess and other of destroyer Pope a HO wmch was sunk in March 1942 Because of their technical skill they were assigned to man a secret Japanese listening post be f lITAnn T proved adequately during Nuernberg proceedings the Thereafter the trial of small fry members of those outlawed out fits would be largely matters of summary procedure the United Press was informed The SS and gestapo members will make up a large part of the 300000 to 400000 persons whose trial and punish ment is forecast Some members of these criminal organizations probably wiU escape the United Informed on grounds that they were forced into membership and coerced into obedience The Nuernberg master trial is expected to be the last joint prose cution by the 4 powers The thou sands of additional individuals would be tried by local courts of various kinds including military courts and courts of liberated states The 24 master trial defendants if they are present for the event almost unquestionably will be exe cuted the United Press was in formed One still is missing Mar tin Bormann Adolf Hitlers secre tary has not been accounted for Bother Goering is ill and may live long Goering has been ftfenng heart attacks The fat fellow was a drng ad Jit His supply of narcotics was deduced and he now is reported f cured If It were shown that de priving him of drags endangered Jus life there would be considerable sentiment among senior members of the trial group to give him all he needed so that he might live to die dishonorably if convicted London reports said not only that Goering has been cured of his drug habit but that he is in per fect health for his trial WAINWRIGHT BACK IN US Hamilton Reid Cal Jonathan M Wainwright who surrendered American forces at Corregidor and witnessed the Jap anese surrenders in Tokyo bay and Manila set foot on American soil for the first time in more than 4 years Saturday He stepped from an armytrans port plane at Hamilton Field Cal Weather Report FORECAST aiason City Partly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday cooler Saturday night and continued cool Sunday Iowa Partly cloudy Saturday and Saturday night with scat tered thundershowers in east Saturday Cooler Sunday and cooler in east fair Minnesota Clearing and cooler Saturday occasional rain north and northeast portion early Sat urday night Sunday partly cloudy and continued quite cool with lower humidity IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 89 Minimum Friday 65 At 8 a m Saturday 65 Precipitation 03 YEAR AGO Maximum 73 Minimum 45 e Japs threatened to kill us if we told our American liberators the truth Don t write us up until weve been flown out of Japan a group of freed prisoners told me They are in the United States nows so their story can be told The group included navy radio o Chelmsford Mass Wake ue tween Yokohama and Tokyo where they purposely garbled the Amen can messages they were as signed to intercept For 3 years and 4 months they stood watch entirely cut off from the rest of the world Our work was regarded as secret Balhorn said were kept to ourselves and never per mitted to send or get letters We never receiyed any Red Cross parcels Nobody was ever advised that we were evenalive Otherwise we were treated well aridhad the same Japanese men We stood regular 6hour watches We soon learned hat the Japs didnt have onr code book so we scrambled the messages They never detected it when wed stick in the wrong numbers Whenever we could wed switch to Honolulu or San Francisco and so kept up with world news We had to report in writing so to fool the Japs wed just write in static for those periods PROBE CRASH OF AIRLINER Seek Identification of 22 Charred Bodies Florence S Car Eastern airlines officials sought Saturday to identify the charred and broken bodies of 22 persons killed when a MiamiNew York passenger transport crashed into a swamp near here The bodies were held in local funeral homes until individual identification could be determined Capt Eddie Kickenbacker EAt president announced in New York that an investigation of the crash was underway The huge Plane carrying 19 passengers and 3 crew members crashed a few minutes after the pilot radioed the Florence army air base Fri day that he was in serious trouble Nine among military personnel were the passengers Their names were not disclosed The civilian passengers were identi fied as Michael Shinefield Pater son N J L F Cockburn Miami W E Gray Standard Oil com pany Miami Robert Stevenson and his mother Mrs G G R Sharp Kingston Jamaica Andre and Louisa Gerard French citizens enroute to New York Mr and Mrs Oscar Figuer edo Caracas Venezuela and W E Pierce who boarded the plane Fla was Capt J Olin li The 2 other crew members were copilot R A Kel ley Miami and night attendant Gertrude Graham Hawthorne T Jm King apparently tried to make an emergency landing after radio ing the army that he was in trouble Mrs B H Harwell said she heard the plane Hying Harwell plaS j 4 m Then she said there was a tremendous explosion Iowa POW Returns to United States George of Watkins Oakland Cal enry Smith 2 Iowa were air transport planes after Irom JaPanese prison camps a little more than a week ag REMOVES BAN ON SLAUGHTERING Also Drops Fair Distribution Washington B The OPA Saturday removed all controls over how much livestock may be slaughtered The agency also dropped Its fair distribution plan which re quired slaughterers to follow the same geographic distribution pat tern in making shipments that they used during the first quar ter of The 2 actions do not immedi ately affect meat rationing but if expected increases in livestock marketings materialize rationing may end fairly soon Price Administrator Chester Bowles said there had been marked improvement in the sup ply of meatavailable to civilians recently especially since the end of the added however thatthe supply is hot quate to assure good distribution without rationing controls Coast Guard Cuts Points for Discharge The guard Saturday cut its coast point scores for release of male person nel to match the navys rate re lease Critical scores required for coast guard officers were reduced from 49 to 43 and for enlisted men from 44 to 40 points There was no change in critical scores for the womens reserve 29 for enlisted women and 35 for women officers Lower average ages of coast guard personnel the service said necessitates a revision of critical point scores in order to maintain a rate of release proportionate to that of the navy Therefore ef fective immediately enlisted per sonnel must have 40 points and male commissioned and warrant officers 43 points for release Buy your Victqry Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy 6 Eldora Boys Face Charges For Damages Eldora of malici ous destruction of property hav been filed against 6 inmates of the Eldora state training schoo for boys who led an attemptec escape from the school Thursday Meanwhile officials at tin school said one inmate Bober Preyer 15 of Dubuque escaped Friday night He had been as signed to work In the chaplains garden and walked away The boy was apprehended later Friday night at Dubuque school officials said The charges were filed Friday m an information by Hardin County Attorney D W Dickinson Conviction on the charge coulc bring a sentence up to S years in the mens reformatory at Anamosa Percy Lainson warden of the state penitentiary who is acting as superintendent of the school asserted Friday that 20 boys in the disciplinary cottage were al in on the attempted break bu the 6 boyswere the leaders Dickinson filed the charges aft er Lainson furnished him with information on the break The boys had made ponchos from blankets which they cut up to cover their training school uni forms They broke out a window and casing but a state guardsman on sentry duty outside warnec the first boy to start out of the window to get back Lainson declared that these worst batch of havent caught on yet that theyre changing the attitude of the public from one of sympathy that arose afteixthe charges ptrmistreatmen andv brutality were madeiooSi of distrust forvail boys Petition Blue For Suspension Iowa Falls petition ask ing that Gov Robert D Blue sus pend all persons who had any part in the alleged beatings and other inhuman acts at the Eldora state training school for boys is being circulated in Hardin The petition which is to be pre sented to the governor attorney general Hardin county board of supervisors and County Atty D W Dickinson is being circulated by a law enforcement association organized by Hardin county cit ens The association was formed fol lowing the recent outbreaks at dora and is headed by Ira A Nich ols former owner and publisher the Iowa Falls Citizen who was named honorary president The petition also asks that mod ern methods of discipline be adopted at the state school and that the county attorney appoint a special investigator to assist him in finding all evidence pertain ing to the death Aug 28 of Ron ald Miller 17 year old inmate A total of was pledged for the work of the association Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy NOW PATTON HAS THE WHITE HORSE S Patton commander of the TJ S 3rd army it1LJi was among aStride Africa the horse which Adolf brought here Friday Hltler had personally picked out to be presented to Em ransport planes after being Wirohito until circumstances in which Patton had camps Quite a hand altered his plans The horse go to the riding school of Allied Japanese Chinese Troops Mixed in Nanking By GEORGE WANG United Press Correspondent UUOver 1000000 Japanese troops that invaded China were scheduled to surrender to Generalissimo Chiang KaiSheks reLerrrneentvfhondvoyn ta il were au turned back without surrendering his camera At every street corner 3 stood shoulder to shouldera yel lowclad puppet policeman di recting traffic a khakiclad Japa nese military policeman and greenclad Chungking M P The Chungking central news agency the Japanese Domei news agency and the puppet central press news agency are operating in the same building They share the same telephone the same gate and the same radio equipment I telephoned the Domei office and asked them to send the head of their Nanking bureau to see me The Japanese agreed hut later asked me to come to their office instead When I got there I found the Domei correspondent had changed his mind and gone to see me We never did get together Domeis deputy director bowing profusely and hissing through his false teeth showed me through hii offices I saw a number of Domei men working in a hot sunlit room They wore no shoes and their trousers were patched I found Lu a Chinese correspond ent of the Central news agency who said he had taken over the puppet central press There were thousands ot Japa nese soldiers in the streets ap parently doing nothing Mariy still carried their guns with the bay onets fixed or their long swords It was difficult to believe that they were aware of any Japanese plans to surrender CHINESE ARMY ENTERS CANTON Chungking UR Chinas new first army has formally entered and occupied Canton the Chinese military council announced Sat urday Hardy veterans of the early Surma campaigns commanded by it Gen Sun LiJen moved into he famous walled river town which has a population of over 900000 Friday Ihe announce ment said Canton also called Kweng nowFu or Sangching meaning he provincial city is situated on the north bank of the Canton or Pearl river approximately 80 miles from where it enters the China sea Sun LiJen commanded the rhmese 3Sth division in the Burma ightmg and has long been a bitter enemy of the Japanese Sioux Falls Editor Charles Day Dies Falls S Dak Charles M Day 81 editor of the Falls ArgusLeader who tarted his career on the newspa er as a reporter in 1886 died Friday nightHe was born in Sid ney Iowa War Time Removal Due by Sept 30 Washington al leaders promised Saturday to set the nations clocks back an hour by Sept 30 They will do this by having congress abolish what is known as daylight saving or war time under which the clocks were moved ahead an hour in 1942 The idea then was to provide more day time for war work Chairman Cannon of the house appropriations commit tee and Chairman Boren of a house interstate commerce sub committee said the repealer would pass quickly Government officials who pro moted war time said it helped conserve power and provided more daylight working hours Many legislators disputed this even during the conflict They list many reasons for a return to time They say war 1 Deprives millionsof hours of sleep 2 Makes school children start for tlieir studies in darkness 3 Has farm workers out in the fields before the dew is gone in the mornings 4 Contributes to an increase In juvenile delinquency 5 Increases absenteeisnvin fac tories No More Cases of Polio for Past 3 Days in Mason City For 3 days now no new cases of infantile paralysis have been re in Mason City Since the 16th case was reported last Tues day to the health director the count has remained at 16 That case was one of a 16 months old baby now at the university hos pital in Iowa City Expect British to Seek Help From America Washington is ex pected to try next week to obtaii the United States help for her re conversion to peace virtually free oi cost The British argument will be based on the contention that a kind of postwar lendIease ar rangement would be ifully Justi fied by the sacrifices which the British in the war AngloAmerican economic talks will open Monday Lord Keynes noted economist and ah advisor to the British treasury arrived Fri day to take part in the conference The British ambassador to the United States Lord Halifax is due Sunday He will be the other principal British representative on the economic mission Advance indications are that the British and American officials will start from widelyseparated bar gaining positions but with com mon agreement on one basic point It is in the long range in terest of the United States to help Britain get back into peacetime industry and trade as soon as pos sible Some American officials with an eyeto postwar markets in the United Kingdom say that such a reconversion in Britain would be a great help to business expansion and the creation of jobs in this country What United States representa tives want out of the British in the talks beginning Monday is fairly clear They want commitments that the British will modify or do away with various practices which tend to promote the growth of com merce solely within the British empire and those areas of the world financially dependent upon it Heres Your Chance to Own a Submarine New York UR The navy needs one or more buyers for 6 submarines as condemned and where is Philadelphia You pays your money and takes your choice In sales catalog No B346A scrap material issued by the navys material redistribution and d i s po s a 1 administration New York City the half dozen full sized submarines are described as afloat and moored at the navy yard Philadelphia Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy First Yank Soldier in Tokyo Plans to Raise Chickens Says He Wants to Buy Poultry Farm With Prize Money San Francisco Ameri can soldier who was the first to enter Tokyo officially and there by qualified for a prize of fered by the Veterans of Foreign Wars in Ottawa county Okla homa intends to go home and buy a chicken farm with the money Interviewed in a broadcast from Tokyo by Joe Hainline ot NBC Pfc Paul E Davis of Fair land Okla said he got the hon or simply by asking for it a long time ago I was lucky enough to join the first cavalry division under com mand of Maj Gen William C Chase he said When we ar rived in Luzon I asked General Chase what the chances wereof being the first soldier to enter Tokyo bay from my county General Chase toldme Just stay with this division and youll make it FLAG RAISING OPENS RULE OF JAPAN CAPITAL 10 Minute Ceremony Simple But Impressive for Beaten Country By WILLIAM B DICKINSON United Press Correspondent Tokyo American troops began the occu pation Tokyo and Korea Satur day Upwards of 15000 troops from the 1st cavalry division and other army units rolled Into Tokyo by Jeep and truck as Gen Douglas MacArthur proudly unfurled the Stars and Stripes over the sur rendered bombwrecked capital Some 725 miles to the west Pa cific veterans of the 7th division splashed ashore from landing craft at Inchon Jinsen on the west coast Korea preparttory to oc cupying the capital city of Keiio Zo miles inland and all southern Korea Russian forces are occupying northern Korea Japanese civil police fired into i crowd of Korean demonstrators in front of the Inchon city hall shortly after the American land ings United Press Correspondent Hugh Grumpier reported from that cityThe Japanese who are polic ing the area until the occupation is completed said the Koreans were communist demonstrators At least one Korean was wounded in the shooting The In cident occurred apparently before ay we American troops reach ed that area of Inchon American occupation north ern Japan also was imminent More than 50 warships of the powerful American north Pacific neet anchored jn Mutsu bay at the northern tip home island ot Honshu Saturday Radio Tokyo said the American schedule also calls for occupation atomicbombed Nagasaki Sept the Sasebo naval base on Sept and the Kure naval base from i J to 13 Other occupation dates were given as Wakayama Sept 23 and Yokkaichi Oct 2 Two American 6th army officers will leave Tokyo Sunday to ar range for the surrender of Kyoto ancient capital of Japan the broadcast said South of Japan 9 docile Japa J documents on Okinawa Friday unconditionally surrendering 105000 Japanese ar my and navy men in 60 Ryukyu islands to Gen Joseph W Still ivell commander of the American 10th army In the long bypassed Marshall islands a 4th Japaneseheld atoll capitulated The halfstarved Japanese garrison of 1067 troops on Maloelap atoll surrendered Ihe American flag will be raised formally on the atoll Monday At Bougainville frail weak Japanese Lt Gen Mastane Kanda surrendered the Solomons islands to Australian forces IWacArthur formally ordered the itars and stripes raised over the American embassy in Tokyo within sight of Emperor Hirohitos palace at a m p m Friday CUT the words Let it wave in its full glory as asymbol of hope for the oppressed and as a harbinger of victory for the right The flag was the one which flew from the capitol in Washing ton on Pearl Harbor day in 1941 and later waved in triumph over Berlin and Rome as well as from the mast the battleship Missouri dunng Japans formal surrender last Sunday The occupation troops first for eign army to enter Tokyo in her ong history bedded down for the night in the former imperial guard division barracks and in tents on the paradeground near the shrine of Emperor Meiji father of Hiro to The American occupation of Tokyo proceeded without unto ward incident Japanese spectators watched the troop columns with merest Some civilians and offi cers saluted Many children waved No unfriendly gestures were reported MacArthur at the last minute cancelled plans for a formal vic tory parade through the streets of Tokyo to the American embassy Advance units marched from Hfr mitos palace and from the diet wilding to the embassy but other troops rode directly to the embas sy As MacArthurs big sedan rolled to a stop on the embassy driveway shortly after 11 a m 9 a m Fri day noncoms barked At tention and the 1st cavalry band played the Generals March Admiral William F Halsey com mander of the 3rd fleet ajnd Lt Gen Robert Eichelberger com mander the 8th army strode with MacArthur in the vanguard of 13 prominent guests to a mi crophone before the pool JVIacArthur apeared grimfaced ;