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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 8, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL L Associated Prgg United Press Pull Leued Wlra Five Ccnta Copy I Yank Flyers Wonderful Bunch of Kids By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 11 Churchill once caught the worlds imagination by eulogizing the royal air force in these words Never have so many owed so much toso few Aft er spending 2 days with our own Hells An a bomb ing group with an unsurpassed retord of cour age and effec tiveness I have a new under standing of what the prune minister meant Im ready to WT apply that pic OAIX turesque appraisal to our own fly ing forces Ive seen our Hying fortresses zoom down thelong runway take to the air and wing out toward a target in Germany in large num bers This was in the early morn ing Ive watched them in late aft ernoon sit down on that same vyith motors shot away some with flat tires most plane bodies riddled with flak Ive watched ambulances scurry toward base hospitals bearing wounded crew members Ive watched our boys file into their interrogation hall for their cof fee and doughnuts serVed by Z ybung women of the Red Cross Ive heard these lads in their first report on how rough the flak was over their strategic target in giant synthetic gaso line plant Ive heard them relate how2 of their planes were shot down Ive heard them describe how in one case the illfated fortress had exploded in midair with instant death for the entire crew Several boys carried in their pockets the piecesof flak which had lodged in their plane on the target run Fve heard these lads make anx ious inquiry about their buddies on other those who had been carted off to the hospi tal Ive messed with these boys and heard them speculate on where their ran the next moraine might Ive stood by as they received this information and proceeded with theij preparations for a flight across the North sea to an indus trial target north ot calling for special type of bomb ing Ive heard these lads wisecrack and laugh as they made ready to face death Ive list ened to their chaplain tell what a wonderful bunch of kids they Ive answered a hundred and one times the question How are things back home Ive heard these lads debate whether the fly bombs falling on the south of Eng land might not be worse than man ning a flying fortress Ive heard these lads compare notes on where the first flak frag ments penetrated their armor where the going was toughest how they met the situation when cer tain members their crew were wounded Ive heard them ribbing each other about the superior accuracy o their bombing on this particular mission Tve seen them pore over the photographs showing the re salts of their de veloped and printed a few minutes after their return to base Im agree with Churchill in his estimate ol the general role of aviation in this war More specifically Im ready to agree with the gfoup chaplain who called eni wonderful kids They ARE wonderful kids doing a superb job in this war My hat is off to last one them CONTINUE SHOE RATIONING Washington early end to shoe rationing can be expected unless imports of hides increase and military orders decrease the war production board stated Fri day Weather Report FORECAST Mason City partly cloudy to cloudy at intenels Friday night and Saturday Warmer Friday afternoon Friday night and Sat urday Iowa Generally fair and rather warm through Saturday except scattered light showers mostly in extreme north portion Fri day night Moderate winds through Saturday Minnesota Partly cloudy with a few scattered light showers Fri day night and in the extreme cast portion Saturday forenoon Warmer Friday night Little change in temperature Satur day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 78 Minimum Thursday night 45 At 8 a m Friday 50 YEAR AGO Maximum 66 Minimum 43 MASON CITY IOWA FEIDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1M4 MAKES IOWANS NEIGHBORS FapCT Comlsa M Two SectlocisSecUon One rapcr comlsa M Two SectlonsSectlon One NQ 2SS SECRECY CLOAKS ALLIED DRIVES Hit Manchuria Arsenal JAPS DECLARE 100 BIG PLANES MADE ASSAULT Axis Radios Predict Invasion of Halmahera and Philippine Islands By LEONARD MELUMAN Associated Press War Editor A powerful flight of Super fortresses raided the Japanese ar senal in Manchuria Friday com pleting a circle of destruction blazed around the home islands ot Nippon by American bombers Simultaneously Berlin radio re ported Palau and Yap eastern guardians of the Philippines were heavily bombed for 3 successive days Axis reports said four or five hundred carrier planes hit Palau Wednesday and Thursday while 300 attacked Yap The con tinued intensity of the attacks if true would indicate a pos sible preparation for invasion Other axis radios broadcast predictions of forthcomingU S Invasions of Halmahera southern gateway to the Philippines and of the Philippines themselves Tokyo announced more than 100 Superforts struck Anshan site of Japans second largest steel mill ina midday raid on Man churia It claimed three shot down First confirmation from the 20th bomber command was that ChinabasedB29s attacked im portant industrial targets in Manchuria Anshan and its Showa isteel works some 600 miles northwest of Japan was the target of the first B29 raid jjnNjppons war industries July Southwest of Japan Chmo based liberators sank three enemy freighters off Takab Formosa Previously the Pacific command announced bombing raids in the Kuriles northeast of Japan the second landbased strike at Mar cus to the southeast and on Iwo island 750 miles southof Tokyo Carrier planes in strong force and landbased Liberators from the southwest Pacific joined in co ordinated raids on Palau eastern gateway to the Philippines 600 miles from Davao An ammunition fuel dump was destroyed 17 small craft left in flames parked air craft destroyed and runways crat ered by heavy bombs Air opposition was absent in this and other Pacific raids except from six nonaggressive Intercep tors over the Celebes where 50 Liberatorsand their lightning es cort destroyed 16 planes A solitary nightflying Catalina Black Cat extended raids over the Philippines by hitting 2 auxiliaries at Zamboanga ancient fortress town on southern Min ranao 230 miles east of Davao Gen Douglas MacArthur re ported that his bombers ranged at will over the Moluccas south of the Philippines while Japanese prisoners confirmed that the ene mys 6th air division had been virtually annihilated in New Guinea Heavier air blows from the Aleutians were seen in the as signment of Adm Ralph Wood veteran of the southwest Pacific air command as commandant of the 17th naval district Berlin radio reported 30000 American troops are in China and at least 3 divisions have been de ployed to stop the Japanese threat to the U S air base at Lingluig in southeast China TO SCRAP BLUE TOKENS OCT 1 Most Canned Goods to Be Off Ration List Washington office of Price administration is scrapping its 7 months old system of blue tokens for buying processed foods The blue tokens will go out of use Oct 1 no longer needed be cause most canned foods are going the ration list Between Sept all but fruit and a few other canned foods go off the Oct 1 shoppers will not be given blue tokens as change and they will be able to spend the processed food discs only in units of 10 From that time on point values on pro cessed foods will be in multiples 10 There will be no change in use of red tokens for buying meats and dairy products Bay ypnr War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Reed Who Bitterly Fought League of Nations Dies A Reed 82 former Missouri senator uicu iiuajr m p m of bronchitis Reed was taken to the hosoitai here 2 weeks ago with what his physician describedI as a severe cold but his condition improved i for him to beremoved to his T ranch home at Fairview Mich last Sunday Dr H J Burkholder adminis tered oxygen Friday morning Outspoken member of an out spoken team that talked the league of nations to death he al ways believed that events fully vindicated his historic stand It was a wonderful institu tion he said of the league in one of his last interviews with one maior just wouldnt work And this vitriolic orator who became one of the leaders of what President Woodrow Wilson once branded the battalion ofdeath remained so sure of his ground that off as visiona ries all those who developed plans for a worldwide order to be set up after World war II Reed had 2 objections to any postwarplan First he declared no one had enough facts to build any workable organization Sec ond he claimed human nature would defeat any plan eventually even though it got off to a suc cessful start This vigorous fighter who was read out of his own democratic party by Wilson for his opposition Associated Press to the league later transferred DNB German official news the scorn he once used on Wilson afeacybroadcast Friday that the largescale detaching move LL CA1U3 VCJ 1 C U the scorn he once used on Wilson to President Franklin Hoosevelt He opposed Roosevelt in his cam ments forced upon the paign for a 3rd term and 4 years commanf following the later headed an important com au at Avra mittee on resolutions of the short lived American democratic com s of Antwerp the Albert canal across frontier northern Belgium the Plwr iqd a Jown Allied Fronts Push Nearer to Berlin By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The road to Berlin front 312 miles from outside front 362 miles from Breda France 435 miles from front 585 miles from Riccione ments forced upon the German the Ameri Avranches in may now be eonsid v ered DNB said the Ger mittee pledged to the defeat of ans were now standing on a line Mr Hoosevelt for a 4th term iotmedby the lowerScheldt west Reed who served only 18 years in the United States senate but who left there a record written in jdehbly jmthe nations history told a Kanass City business group at a luncheon in May 1944 Roosevelt failed to pack the supreme court but he polluted it He said the Montgomery Ward In the news was an instance of bayonet law likely to spread in the United States and added in discussing slighting remarks concerning the constitution attributed to the new deal administration What would you abolish Franklin Would it be the right to trial by jury the right of speedy and public trial would you de priveany one of life or liberty ex cept by judgment his peers Is that horseandbuggy philoso phy or the philosophy of the greatest body of men ever assem bled on this earth Casually in conversation with a friend recently Heed unconscious ly wrote fiis own epitaph It seems to me that I have been fighting fighting fighting ever snce I was a child he said The word compromise did not exist in Reeds political career He fought great court battles some as brilliant after he was 70 as when he was 40 years younger engaged in seething political cam paigns that made his name a by word of hate in his own demo cratic parly and fought President Wilson to such a standstill on the league in the historical senate fight that Wilson tried to drive him from the party at the na tionalconvention in San Francisco in 1920 Reed fought his way back to senate reelection in 1922 was an unsuccessful candidate for the presidency at Houston in 1928 then voluntarily retired from the senate to return to Kansas City inated Champ Clark Missouri for the presidency nearly 30 years earlier came out for Willkie for president saying he was a bet ter democrat than Roosevelt Roosevelt in an early press con ference after his nomination at Chicago in 1940 took cognizance ot this with a remark we all re member that sweatshop matter of course a reference to a NLRB case against the Donnelly Garment company of Kansas City of which Mrs Reed once Nell Donnelly was president and treasurer and Reed the counsel Reed married Mrs Donnelly whose release from a kidnapper he had negotiated in 1933 a year after the first Mrs Reed died Bom on a farm near Mansfield Ohio Reed moved with his par ents to Cedar Rapids Iowa when he was 3 years old He graduated in law from Coe college and after 3 years practice at Cedar Rapids earns to Kansas City in 1887 to make his career Thirteen years later he was elected mayor after a memorable career as county prosecuting attorney Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier bojv REED German Version of Losing France EXPECT DEWEY TO GIVE WORLD PEACE OUTLOOK GOP Nominee Charges New Deal Tired Quarreling Bickering Enroute West With Dewey world peace built on a frame work of international organization in which small nations have a pro portionate voice is expected to be urged Friday night by Gov Thomas E Dewey at Louisville Ky in his 2nd jnajor presidential campaign address The republican nominee closeted himself with advisers as his cam paign train steamed toward po liticallydoubtful Kentucky after a ringing denunciation Thursday night of what he charged was the plan of the tired exhausted quarreling and bickering new deal to keep men overly long in the armed forces to lessen unem ployment at the wars end Asserting that President Roose velts administration is afraid of America and is eetlinr all set for another depression Dewey told a cheering audience of alwut 13000 persons to Philadelphias convention hall that with the winning of the war in sight there are 2 great overshadowing prob First he said the making and keeping of the peace of the world sothat your children and my children shall not face this tragedy all over again The other problem he con tinued is yhether we shall re PlacB toe fared and quarrelsome Wfeataairof thepresen1r admims Dewey Talk Over KGLOat Governor Deweys address from Louisville Ky Friday night will be broadcast over KGLO at oclock Sailors Salty Language Shocks Island Datives Denver salty lan guage shocked nativf South Sea islanders it was reported in a letter from Robert E Kinriey of Denver navy radioman He wrote this notice was posted on a bulle tin board by a native chief Americans working with na tives unloading ships are asked to be a little more careful of their language as they use quite a few of the words your missionaries have taught us words and you are ruining the good work they have done among us Belgian Government in Exile Returns Home i London Hubert Pierlot of the Belgian government inexile has left London with members of his cabinet to return to the homeland a large by the allied armies TOM Jiuyovfiaif trm OitK AltS M Kt tration with a fresh and vigorous government which believes in the future of the United States and knows how to act on that belief Announcing he would devote Friday nights speech before the closing session the National Federation of Republican Wom ens clubs convention to foreign affairs problems Dewey told the Philadelphia audience I am deeply devoted to the principle that victory in this war shall mean victory for freedom and for the permanent peace of theworld Our place in a peaceful world can and will be made se cure But nothing on earth wil make us secure unless we are strong unless we are productive and unless we have faith in our selves x x x I have unlimited faith that the American people will choose that path next No vember Previously Dewey had made It clear in public statements that he favors the formation of an inter national organization o maintain peace which will not be dominated by any permanent military alli ance between he major allied powers but in which small na tions will have an effective voice His expansion of these views in Friday nights speech is regarded as likely to have significant bear ing on the campaign particularly since Wendell L Willkie the 2940 republican nominee has made it plain his decision whether to sup port the New York governor will rest largely on the letters attitude toward foreign policy The republican nominee Thurs day night launched a vigorous at tack on the new deal as an ad ministration which has lost faith in itself and in the American peo ple This basic issue was clearly re vealed in the recent announce ment by the director of selective service in Washington the re publican nominee declared He said that when Germany and Ja pan have defeated it will still be necessary to demobilize the armed forces very gradually And why Because he said We can keep people in the army about as cheaply as we could cre ate an agency for them when they are out Dewey said that he favors the release from service of members of the armed forces at the earliest moment practicably after victory with the occupation of Germany and Japan confined very soon to those who voluntarily choose to remain in the army when peace comes Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier bay NEED PLANE TO COVER COMMANDSTwo lieutenant generals the crew anda jeep are the cargo of a C47 trans port plane used by Lt Gen George S Patton left and Lt Gen Omar L Bradley on tour of the Brittany peninsula General Bradleys command the 12th army covers so much of France it is necessary to use a plane to visit the larflung fronts Threaten Encirclement of 375000 Nazis in Balkans SEEK TO KEEP NAZIS GUESSING ON MAIN BLOWS Allies Are Poised Menacingly on 200 Mile German Defenses BULLETIN London W Dwight D Eisenhower swung 4 allied armies against the Siegfried line for a knockout punch Friday and a dis patch from he invasion com manders headquarters declared the end for Germany may come by early November London Dwight D Eisenhower swung a HIDDEN PUNCH at the Siegfried line Fri day as 1 allied armies broke the Albert canal defense and thrust menacingly at possible invasion spots along a 200 mite assault front The attack carried to within 25 miles of the German frontier at 3 of the canal close to Ijege in Belgium and at Metz in the 7th army of Lt Gen Alexander M Patch mov ing up from the Mediterranean completed the line threat by occupation forces in Serbia Reports from allied and enemy sources indicated that the greatest combined operation of the Bal kan war was In full swine pois ing an imminent threat of en circlement and destruction to pos sibly 375000 German troops in southeastern Europe An official statement from al lied headquarters in Italy said railroads in Yiigo sojjad ly by bombing arid sabotage that organized German resistance to the Russian threat from Romania was impossible The success of the combined al Uedpartisan activity prevents the Germans from pulling back into Germany on any planned scale the summary said Word of the new offensive came close after an announcement that allied commando units landed in strength in western Yugoslavia joined forces with Marshal Josip Titos partisans and were moving eastward toward the Danube and juncture with the red army Berlin said the Russians had broken across the Bulgarian fron tier and driven all the way through that country to the Gre coTurkish border Another Rus sian column was said to be ap proaching Sofia in a march the nazis said was completely unop posed Following their custom when a new campaign is developing Mos cow spokesmen were silent on the reported drive into Bulgaria and partisan accounts of an invasion of Yugoslavia They hinted cautiously how ever at a massive offensive co ordinated with AngloAmerican attacks on the Balkans from the west Moscows early morning war bulletin said the red army cleared a 3000sqtiaremile area of south ern Romania and extended its grip on the Danube river border of Bulgaria lo 226 miles advanc ing 39 miles west from Suhaia to capture the river town Cora bia United Press War Correspon dent M S Handler reported from the soviet capital that the Rus sians were moving a great force ot men and equipment to the Yugoslav and Bulgarian borders and the battle for the Balkans was approaching its climax Hand said the southern Romanian plains were being Iransformed into a great armed camp as a base for attacks westward toward the Adriatic and southward across Bulgaria to Greece For the first lime in the war there Is the prospect of allied armies and Russian forces coor dinating their operations on the same front and making a junc tion he salfl There appears a strong possibility that the red army and allied Invasion forces may meet in Yugoslavia and Greece The nazi DNB news agency claimed the Soviets invaded Bul garia even before declaring war on that country and had pene trated 2G miles into Greece to the village Demotica on the Turk ish border only 60 miles from the Aegean Simultaneously the Yugoslav radio said thousands ot Serbian villagers had revolted against the Germans and were battling the nazis at scores of points Ameri can and Russian planes are sup plying arms and ammunition for the patriots the broadcast said The partisans reported particu larly fierce fighting near the Yu goslavBulgarian border where they said the Germans and their quisling allies were in headlong flight to the north The main ZagrebBelgrade and the SkolpjeBelgrade railway lines were said to have been cut at a number of points hampering the relreat German forces in Bulgaria and Greece Cross Moselle in 5 Places Yanks Under Heavy Fire Moselle River Front 3rd army threw 3 more bridge heads across the Moselle river and enlarged 2 others against stiff resistance Friday The Americans smashed an at tack by a force ol 6000 Germans and 35 tanks which tried to cut behind the 3rd armys rear te tween Metr and Verdun The 3r4 army now has 5 crbn es over the Moselle Two of the new crossings were made just south of TMetz and the 3rd in the Tout area to the south At all bridgeheads the Ameri cans were tinder heavy and con tinuous fire while artillery duelled across the river in a day light slugging match But it was announced official ly that both infantry and armor were being shoved across to the east bank in spite of the enemys raking fire from strongly pre pared positions reaching Besancon 50 miles from the Belfort gap just above Swit zerland While fleets of American and British heavy bombers attacked rear centers of the Siefffried line and the besieged port of Le Havre British troops of the 2nd army poured across the Albert canal where objectives had been seized within 10 miles of the Dutch bor der and 25 miles of the German frontier Friday night Gen Eisenhowers headquarters clamped a NEWS BLACKOUT on develop ments such as has screened sweeping developments in the past The Germans needed 40 or 50 divisions to hold all the Siegfried line which they apparently lacked and Eisen howers step was intended to take full advantage of the wideopen possibility oC keeping the Germans r I j xgnt S rrAu NEARSShaded arrows point toward ine defenses from the 3 sectors of the western front where the ai IM e1pected to a showdown assault on the German lid arrows indicate allied drives toward channel coast 1 brackets indicating the main bridgehead areas 5 ;