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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 8, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES 0 C S U 0 I N E S I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1943 Tills PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HOME EDITION U1111J NO 286 GETTING READY FOR THE ATTACK Legionnaires Helping Out on Home Front This Time in 3rd War Loan Drive They did it before theyve doing it again remarked a passerby when he saw the scene above late Tuesday eve ning He was paraphrasing the Cervo Gordo county slogan for the 3rd war loan drive We did it before we can do it again The workers on the bomb shelter were American Legionnaires who helped to do the job on the fighting front in the 1st World war and are helping out on the home front this time The bomb shelter has been constructed at 6 South Fed eral avenue to serve during the practice air raid alert Fall of Italy Should Prove Spur to Bond Drive Eighmey Lets Come as Near as We Can to Matching Boys Efforts He Urges Thursday noon from to when all traffic is to stop and all streets are to be cleared of people signaling the opening of the 3rd war loan drive throughout the United States The war finance committee urged that shoppers come to the bomb shelter during the alert not only to seek safetv but also to invest in safety War bonds and stamps will be the commodity sold at the shelter and in all stores during the practice alert Lock photo Kayenav engrav ing Considering the precipitate tall nf Italy the indications are that the war in Europe can be ended yet this year if people on the home front do their job as effi ciently as the armed forces are doing theirs declared F C Eigh mey chairman of the Cerro Gor do county war finance committee as he prepared Wednesday to launch the 3rd war loan drive in this community Thursday noon National slogan of the dvive is Back the Attack With Bonds he pointed out adding that the knocking of Italy from the fight should give 1 tremendous impetus of enthusiasm to the bond drive The boys on the fightin front are showing whit they can Mr Eisjhmcy suggested The least can do is to match their nearly as the home front can match the fighting front where where our boys arc offering their lives War coss money so much money that we just cant believe the figures when we see them And offensive war costs close to 4 times as much as a defensive war Thats why today when we are attacking you have to dig a bit deeper sacrifice a bit so that when the boys come home you can look them squarely in the eye and say Im jrlad youre bach I did my part here so you could be with us now Throughout the United States continued the chairman citizens are mobilizing a home front cam paign to raise 15 billions of dol lars so that our boys who arc now attacking in Europe in Aus ima tneir eves traha and at hundreds ol other are you going to do I in a points in enemy territory may have every tool that is necessary to bring about a speedv and com plete victory In Cerro Gordo county have a quota of 2644000 dollar That means that in September everyone is asked o buy at least one more SIOO bond than would ordinarily be purchased during the month we have gone about the preparation for this campaign we have been intensely pleased with the optimism of workers No one has said The quota is too high Everyone has said We did it be fore and we can do it again Many people have said to me There is so much more money lying idle that I know the people of Cerro Gordo county will rise to the chal lenge and put us over the top again Thursday workers will he ein calling on business house corporations and individuals asking them to do their part in Ihe campaign one is asked to buy more bonds than he can afford hut everyone must do his or her duty and buy the xery limit The bonds you buy during this campaign are not only the price of victory they are a downpay ment on your personal security in the peace time world that lies ahead ready cash for that post war wonder automobile or that dream home you have always wanted You help now to control the cost of living by buying ex tra bonds help keep our economy in order and free of distorted values When you buy bonds you are fighting for an even greater America an America that will come out of this war an even bet ter place to live in On Thursday as the campaign gets under way ten millions of men and women in Uniterm will turn their eyes you What that they can count on back Ihe attack sure you lo Stalino Taken by Reds Donets Basin Is Freed XCHYork Stalin triumphantly announced in a spe cial order of the day Wcdnosdav that the Donets basin is cleared of the Germans The announcement broadcast by the Moscoiv radio and recorded by the federal communications added our troops captured a number of cities including he city of Stalino The action came the soviet pre mier continued as a result of skilled maneuvers and a deter mined offensive in the lost 6 days1 URGE SHIPS GO TO ALLIED PORTS Appeal to Italians to Stay Out of Nazi Hands London Andrew Browne Cunningham appealed to the Italian fleet by radio Wednes day to prevent the Germans from seizing its ships He urged Hie Italian fleet to make for allied ports Cunningham was heard on radio Algiers by the United Press list ening post here Cunningham commander in chief of the allied Mediterranean fleet urged all Italian ships to head for Gibraltar Tripoli Mal ta Haifa Aleppo or Sicilian ports Italian ships in the Black Sea were urged to make for Russian ports IOWA BANKER DIED Sheldon J Roberts 61 vice president of the Security State bank and formerly associ ated with the state banking de partment at Dubuque and Ana mosa died Tuesday What Happens to Fleet Is Among Issues Bv Tlie Associated Press These questions arose from the Italian surrender Wednesday I What becomes of hc Italian fleet which is built around 7 bat tleships and is split bclwcen Iola on the Adriatic and Spczia on the Italian west coast Z Will the Germans retire from the Po valley in the north where they have been reported to have as many as 15 or 20 divisions 3 What happens lo the 25 to 10 Italian garrison divisions in the Balkans nnd France And to the 250000 Italian workmen estimated in Germany 4 What effect will the Italian surrender have on the wavering morale of Hitlers Balkan satel lites of Hunfiiry Rumania Bul garia and Croatia Hungarian policy has been linked more close ly with Italy than with Germany and all the Balkan states have shown increasing signs of war weariness 5 Does the surrender include the French island of Corsica barely 30 miles from southern France which the Italians oc cupied when the allies landed in North Africa 6 Will the scattered German units still in southern and central Italy be allowed to return lo Ger many Declares Galloping of Horses Down Main Street Must Be Stopped Naujtatuck Conn line restrictions have licked the speeder problem but nevertheless Police Chief John J Gormlcy has an order for his men after hearing from several elderly people who fear for life and limb From now ort he said this galloping of horses down the main street of I Naugatuck has got to slop SECRET PARLEY PROVES HEAVY BLOW TO NAZIS Hitler Did Not Know of Negotiations Say Official Reports Allied Headquarters in North Africa UR Negotiated secretly without Hitlers knowledge ac cording 1o official reports the Italian armistice represented the most severe blow tiie Germans had suffered and momt that the original axis was no more if v v The armistice was signed on tile 4th anniversary of the dec laration by Britain and France that a state of war with Ger many existed X The armistice was signed on the day the British 8th army launched the invasion of southern Italy apparently explaining no re sistance worth mentioning was encountered The allies however continued bombing the key cen ters at Italy presumably directing their continuing offensive against the German elements in control of them yRESSiROOM IS SEALED MINUTES oftheItallan was prepared in great est secrecyunlike any previous formal statement at allied head quarters At nonn correspondents wore lolri that a special press confer ence would be held at p m local time At the doors were closed The censors and corre spondents were alert and tense when Lt Col Joseph B Phillips said ihe tiny press work room would be sealed for 70 minutes during which officers would col lect the copy and lake it to the censors eliminating the ttsual mad scramble to file the first flash Thereafter 25 correspondents typed madly at tiny tables while their colleagues who had no im mediate deadlines and oilier per sons clustered on the balcony overlooking the busy street URGE ITALIANS TO AVOID AIDING NAZIS The Italians were exhorted in pamphlets dropped by planes to see that no single train carrying German material be permitted to pass nnd that dock allow no German ships to unload Sailors of he Italian navy and mercantile marine were being notified that the Germans have become your enemies But they were asked not to scuttle their ships instead sailing them if pos sible to safe ports in north Africa Black sea ports or wherever they could be put into allied hands The sailors were told to fly a black or blue pennant and identify themselves to allied ships and planes to burn dim navigation liehts at nicht and to follow all directions of the united nations forces The Italian navy consists of 7 battleships 3 aircraft carriers building 2 heavy cruisers 9 lighter cruisers 25 destroyers and 60 submarines Besides completing the allied control of the Mediterranean the new acquisition of the allies cur tails German Uboal operations i there With the use of Spczia ola Taraivto and Genoa naval bases the allies will be able to com mand and blockade the French coast as well as the Adriatic in cluding the Yugoslavian Albanian and Greek coasts f Italian shipping resources re maining in the Mediterranean arc estimated at 300 vessels totaling 1500000 tons Italy had 2000000 tons ot shipping in the Mediterranean when she entered the war An official announcement credited the Italians with still having possession of the Rex and Conte di Savoia two luxury liners despite a Washington an nouncement that one of the class was sunk off Bagnara last August LAST MEDITERRANEAN THREAT REMOVED In addilion to giving the allies a tremendous advantage in land Badoglio Tells Troops to Resist Any Attacks From Other Quarters Allied Headquarters in North Africa Dwight D Eisenhower Wednesday announced uncon ditional surrender of Italy in the greatest knockout victory for allied arms in 4 years of war Simultaneously the Italian government ordered its troops to drop the fight against allied forces but to attacks from any other quarter Russia as well as the United States and Britain approved the granting of the armis tice Eisenhower announced It was signed in Sicily last the very day that Italy was Italy accepting all the terms agreed that it would become effective at a moment most favorable for the allies That moment has now arrived an of ficial statement declared Italy will be obliged to comply with po litical economic conditions which the a Hies wifl impose later Simultaneous announcement by and air fighting the Italian sur render will remove the last poten tial in continued existence of the Italian fleet as a fighting allied domina tion of the Mediterranean The fleet comprises about IflO vessels all of which however arc not fit for sea ciuty The Italian collapse brought to the fore again the question of Benito Mussolinis whereabouts and he question of his surrender as a war criminal to the united nations The United Stales Great Britain and Russia have warned neutral nations uot to give sanc tuary to Mussolini or other axis leaders Whether the terms of dealtAvitrrthe fate erstwhile fascist dic tator was not known In Greece and Jugoslavia guerilla patriots may be ex pected to rally against their enemies with renewed fury Jugoslav Ambassador Conslaii tin Fotilch said Italys surren der means that the day tr Jugoslavs liberation approach es The news he said will electrify action 300000 Yugoslav patriots who have been waiting for this moment Possession of southern and cen tral Italy will give the allies bases for invasion of the Balkans and for intensification of the air war against Germany flecent authoritative estimates place the number of Italian divi sions in the Balkans at from 22 In as compared with 12 to M divisions Axis forces in Europe all told were estimated at around 300 German divisions 70 Italian divisions and 80 divisions of vari ous satellite countries Thus the defection of Italy will represent a loss of about IS per cent of axis manpower Man Recovers in Soaking Currency Albuquerque Mcx Wade Washington went to bed with his money in his pillow Wednesday he rushed to a laun dry Emerging soaking wet from a washer was his in bills still spendable MARSHAL BADOGLIO Surrender 6 CASES REPORTED Des Moinrs cases of infantile paralysis have been re ported in DCS Moincs since July 31 city health department records showed Wednesday Health au thorities said Ihe disease has not reached Ihe epidemic stage local ly and that the cases here now are mostly extremely mild Claim 200 Allied Ships in 2 Convoys Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Continued cool Wed nesday afternoon Slightly cool er Wednesday night Slowly rising temperature Thursday forenoon Iowa Continued coo through Thursday forenoon Risk of light frost in extreme northwest and north central portions Thursday morning Minnesota Light frost and slightly cooler Wednesday night con tinued cool Thursday forenoon Winds diminishing rapidly Wednesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics London German In ternational Information Bureau reported Wednesday that 2 bis convoys totaling 200 freighters and transports were moving oft ftaly and that their presence suggests American troops aboard hrough yet another land mainland The dispatch broadcast by tiie Berlin radio and recorded by the Associated Press said consider able American and British ship ping movements had been ob served north of Sicily and west of northern Calabria The Germans surmised thai the convoys had come from Palermo Sicily Maximum Tuesday 66 Minimum Tuesday night 43 At 8 a m Wednesday 47 YEAR AGO Maximum 69 Minimum RO Precipitation 02 Toll Rises to 50 i m Houston Hotel Fire the allies and the Italian govern ment vas agreed upon in view oC the possibility of a German move to forestall publication of the armistice by the Italians head quarter said V Hitlers European fortress was cracked the way was ojtcncd for iiciv offensives the course of World war II immeas urably shortened V Eisenhower called on tiie Ital ians to join the allies in helping lo eject the Germans from their country and promised that all who do so will have the assis tance ami support of he united nations Marshal PieUo Badoglios proc lamation for the Italian armcc lorces to cease fighting but oppose attacks from any other quarter was closely related to this Surrender of Italian armed forces unconditionally was made by the govcrnincjit of Marshal Pielro Badoglio successor of Be nilo Mussolini the architect ot Thus Ihe Casablanca uncondi tiiinal surrender ultimatum re ceived its 1st application Announcing the brilliant news Kiscnliowcr who led the allied triumph in Tunisia and Sicily as well declared The Italian government has surrendered its armed forces un conditionally As allied Commanderin chief I have granted a military armistice the terms of which have been approved by the KOV ernmcnts nf the united king dom the United States and the union of tiie soviet socialist re publics Thus I am actimr In the interests of the united nations The Itili Kovernmenl has hound itself In nbidc by these terms without reservation The armistice was signed by my representative and the repre sentative of Marshal Badoglio and it becomes effective this in stant Eisenhower said in a broadcast at p m Hostilities between the armed forces of the united nations and those of llnly terminate at once All Italians who now act to help eject the German aggressors from Italian soil will have Ihe assist ance nnd support of the united nations The truce actually was reached last Friday at allied advance headquarters in very day thnt British and Canadian troops swept across Messina strait to invade the Italian it was agreed a special announce ment said that the armistice should come into force a I a rno Houston Tex more deaths in hospitals Wednesday raised to 50 the toll of flames which trapped screaming frantic men in the old 3 story Gulf hotel lulllt mo lorce al a in downtown Houston Wednesday mem most favorable lo the allies fntl be simultaneously announced by both sides That moment has now arrived i When buyinit a pack of cigarcls contribute 9c lo Ciuarcls for Servicemen to buy pack for a nan In service overseas The possibility of a German move to forestall publication ol the armistice by the Italian gov V1 ;