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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 6, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Aisociated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 6 1948 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor There Are Just Too Many School Districts AT the time when millions of bur youngsters throughout the nation are trekking back to their clasrooms to start another year in their educational careers it would seem appropriate to take a little time out for a visit about our schools The question confronting us as I see it is not whether our schools are good They are Its whether they are good enough And the answer to that question is that they are not as good as they should be or could be with the same expenditure of funds The one best formula for bet ter schools as Ive taken occasion many times to point out is better teachers But that isnt going to be the subject of this commentary Need Modernization What I have in mind on this occasion is the vast improvement that could be brought to our school system through a modern ized organizational setup Specif ically Im thinking of the thou sands of undersized and anemic school districts in rural sections of the United States This importantsubject has had the attention for the past several months of special research of a group of authorities working under the sponsorship of the Na tional Education association In my commentary Ill be passing along some of the conclusions reached in this thoroughgoing survey And the foremost of these con clusions is that schools in these il logically set up districts are fail ing to deliver a full measure of modern educational goods for the tax dollars spent on them Theyre horse and buggy transportation in a machine age Illinois Holds the Lead One of the findings of this re search which was joined in by the rural education authorities from the University of Chicago was that there are now 103000 local units of school administra tion in the 48 states ranging from a scant 15 in Delaware to more than 10000 in Illinois with Iowa not too far behind The commissions report 1 shows the tragic waste due to poor school district organization 2 describes satisfactory district organization and 3 outlines es sential steps toward improved school districts In the 9 states in which the common school district is the predominant type of local ad ministrative unit there are more than 5000 districts in each state At the Other Extreme At the other extreme 5county unit states have fewer than 70 districts each In most instances however its pointed out there is need for reorganization and consolidation of the individual schools in this more comprehen sive setup In 5 of the 9 states with the un believable multiplicity of school districts previously referred to there are actually more school board members than there are teachers If rural areas alone are considered the number of states in which this situation exists is many times greater Then listen to this from the re port There are at least 15000 dis tricts in America that no longer operate any kind of school In some instances their identity as units of administration is main tained because of local neighbor hood pride But often they serve as a subterfuge for evading the payment of taxes for school sup port Wide Range in Size In this multitude of school dis tricts there naturally are wide differences in size and resources They vary in size from less than 5 square miles to more than 5000 square miles with an average of about 18 squares miles for the country as a whole And how arethe pupils affect ed Lets look at this aspect of the problem Enrollments range from zero in many common school districts in rural areas to hundreds of thou sands in large metropolitan dis tricts Expenditures per pupil per year range from to or more a ratio of 60 to 1 There are more than a million American children enrolled in schools that have less than per classroom to sperfd for edu cation each year Many Children Shorted Some of these variations are due to differences among the sev eral states in wealth and taxpay ing ability But in many instances the outmoded organization of school districts contributes great ly to the low quality education it can be accepted as a prem I think it must ALL children in America irrespec tive of economic status are entitl ed to EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY it can only be concluded that under the condi tions here referred to thousands if not millions of our youngsters are being dealt with most unfairly Lets pursue this line of thought lor just a moment Thousands of these undersiz ed and anemic districts are op erating schools for fewer than 10 for 5 pupils 3 pu This Paper Consists of Two One No 285 HELD UNDER right in picture is Nels Chris tiansen 50 who is being held in the Palo Alto county jail at Emmetsburg under 24 hour guard alter admitting to Sheriff Richard Miller left that he had shot and killed his brother Julius 55 at an auction sale in Ruthven Saturday afternoon Nels complained of being sick at the stomach and said his back hurt An Emmetsburg physician was called but the prisoner would not take a sedative or other treatment Man Charged With Murder on Fatal Shooting Continued On Pare 2 Ruthven la murder charge has been filed here against Nels Christiansen in connection with the fatal shooting of his brother Julius 55 a Harlan fur niture store operator The charge was filed in justice court here Sunday night by Palo Alto County Sheriff Dick Miller after Leslie A Pritchard an Em metsburg attorney had gone to Spirit Lake to obtain a court order from District Judge Harry E Narey Pritchard sought permis sion to talk to Christiansen at the county jail in Emmetsburg When he appeared at the jail Pritchard said Sheriff Miller de clined to allow him to talk to Christiansen until after a charge had been filed Miller said he could not say when a hearing would be held It may be Tuesday but no time has been set for sure he said Christiansen who with his for mer wife operated an antique store at Terrill until their divorce a few months ago gave himself up to the sheriff after his brother Julius was shot at an auction sale in Ruthven Saturday The sheriff said Christiansen had asked if he had shot his brother and when told that he had done so and that Julius was dead replied Good He broke up my home and almost ruined me Norwegian Flying Boat in Crash Oslo fl A Norwegian air force Catalina flying boat carry ing 11 persons crashed Monday in foggy weather 15 miles south of the west coast port of Bergen At least 3 aboard were known dead Two others were injured badly The plane was enroute to Stavanger Hearing on Petition for Union Slated Waterloo representative of the national labor relations board will be here Wednesday to hear the petition of an indepen dent union attempting to represent workers at the Rath Packing com pany plant Officials of the company the National Brotherhood of Packing House Workers and the NLRB of ficial will discuss the petition for recognition as the bargaining agent for the workers The hearing is the first step to ward getting an election to deter mine a bargaining agent Until the strike at the Rath plant this spring bargaining rights there were held by the United Packinghouse Workers of Amer ica The unions contract with the company expired during the strike Woman Finds Talk Can Be Expensive Minneapolis UR Mrs Harry Brooks doesnt believe in the say ing that talk is cheap She stepped outside to chat with a neighbor As she reentered the house Mrs Brooks saw a man running through the front door Missing from her bedroom was a bank containing ESTATE London Unity Free man Mitford once the friend of Adolf Hitler left an estate of 400 a probate of her will showed Monday She died last May 28 Red Demonstrators Smash Into City Hall of Berlin Berlin demonstrators smashed into Ber lins city hall Monday using bat tering rams and breaking win dows Two American correspondents one an lowan were injured in fist fights during rioting inside the building The camera of a 3rd American was smashed The disorder the 3rd of its kind in 10 days was apparently in tended to force the anticommu nist government from power Action Committee Sovietcontrolled police made no attempt to halt the communist as sault There were indications the riots were a prelude to a com munist attempt to set up an ac tion committee government over the dissensiontorn and blockaded city The rioting took place as the 4 military governors prepared to meet a mile or 2 away in an at tempt to solve the crisis brought on by the soviet blockade of the city since late June A shock unit of 50 to 60 youths smashed the outer gate to spear head the demonstrators They broke windows to the inner build ing and poured through to over come resistance by unarmed city hall guards Although the demonstrators as serted they wanted only to be heard their apparent aim was to keep the anticommunist city gov ernment from meeting Shout Slogans The rioters ringing the Inter nationale and shouting commun ist slogans took over the city hall assembly room The Americans manh an died were Associated Press photogra pher Henry Burroughs whose camera was smashed and Ernest Leiser overseas news agency cor respondent who was slugged The demonstrators yanked a telephone out of my own hands and ripped out the telephone plugs The demonstrators beat up Lei ser who went to Burroughs aid Joseph Evans of Dubuque Iowa Wall Street Journal correspon dent who went to Leisers aid was thrown down a flight of stairs and knocked unconscious Evans said he was attacked by the sov ietcontrolled police Largest Crowd in History Attends North Iowa Fair GKANu 7 baby beeves which took the grand championship purple ribbons at the North Iowa fair will go on sale Tuesday morning at 9 oclock in front of the west bleachers They are shown above with their owners and exhibitors The owners and weights of the calves from left to right Robert Baker holding 1 of the 2 top calves GlobeGazette Photo shown by his sister Margaret Baker beside him the 1st calf weighing 1020 pounds and the 2nd 1200 Carrol Mor ris 1180 David Brekke 1090 Leonard Gobeli 880 Del mar Diercks 1080 and Roger Katz 1160 Altogether there will be 191 beeves on sale weighing apnroximately 200000pounds Schuman Has New Cabinet Government Gives Bonus to Workers Paris UR Premier Robert Schuman moved swiftly Monday to solidify the position of his new French government by concessions to workers suffering from inflation and high prices Returning to power sfter the gravest crisis since liberation Schuman started at once to make good on his promise to the social ists that some aid would be given labor His cabinet little changed from that which had ruled France for 10 months decided at its first meeting Sunday night to give an immediate bonus of 2500 about each worker in pri vate industry The bonus will be given no later than Saturday it was announced Other steps to aid workers and thus halt the wave of strikes which swept the nation during the 8day cabinet crisis were believed in prospect Schuman announced early Sun day that he finally had been able to obtain sufficient support of another 3rd force or middleof the road coalition cabinet ex cluding both the extreme left the communists and the extreme right Gen Charles De Gaulles powerful rally of the French peo ple Schumans success came just 40 hours after he had given up on a previous try and had handed his resignation as premierdesignate to President Vincent Auriol Wrecks Sunday Bring Traffic Toll to 331 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Three traffic fatalities Sunday raised the states highway toll for 1948 to 331 Vern Brewer 42 Des Moines died early Sunday morning when the pickup truck he was driving and a semitrailer truck collided headon in Des Moines At Coa Falls south of Cedar Rapids Kenneth Rummelhart 18 of Iowa City was killed when the car he was driving missed a turn Three other teenage boys all of Iowa City suffered slight injuries Harold J Thomas 25 of Bur dette died in the collision of 2 cars Sunday near Popejoy The driver of the other car Marvin Campbell 21 Iowa Falls farmer was not seriously injured North Iowa Fair Program Day and Second Horse Racing Day p races for purse and added races starting gate p by Mason City municipal band p Lynchs Death Dodgers in a thrill show sparkling with new stunts and crashes Fireworks display by TherleDuffield Co Chicago Day and Second Auto Racing Day p livestock grading contest for 4H and FFA members Concert by St Ansgar band in grandstand p Collins and top challengers racing for points to ward the worlds championship of the dirt tracks p by Mason City municipal band p show with entries from entire midwest competing for largest prizes in fair history Added special feature SAME Black IUr trmfflo death U hours Polish Communists Prepare Purge of NonConformists Warsaw Polish com munist workers party Monday embarked on a purge of national ist members and called for a class war in farm villages throughout the nation Party leaders and organizers from all Poland assembled in Warsaw at the summons of Presi dent Boleslaw Beirut for a coun cil of war on a party split which endangers the communist grip on Poland The party members were told in a public communique of the party executive committee that there must be a full liquidation of all members who fail to follow the MarxistLeninist line as handed down by Moscow The communique also made clear that the communists in tended to push through socializa tion of production in peasant villages one of the issues which caused the party split The party organizers got orders to sell the socialization plan to the peasants The president acted shortly af ter the announcement that Vice Premier Wladyslaw Gomulka who backed the rebellious Yugo slav communists against the Mos cowled cominform had been unanimously freed from his duties as secretary general of the party The partys executive commit tee gave Gomulkas job to Presi dent Bierut He was authorized to take all necessary steps to halt rightist and nationalist devia tions in party ranks Comes Out Loser in Fight With Mosquitoes Baltimore Collins 43 came off 2nd best early Mon day in a bout with mosquitoes Police found him lying on the sidewalk in front of his home with a broken leg and possible internal injuries Collins said he was pestered by mosquitoes got up about to put a screen in his 2nd floor bed room window and fell out ELECTED REGENT Pasadena Cal A Barlow of Cedar Rapids Iowa has been elected regent of the grand chapter of Sigma Nu social fraternity Storms Kill 80 Italians Turin Italy Weekend storms killed 80T persons in north Italy press dispatches said Mon day Damage throughout the Pied mont was reported high Thirteen persons were reported killed in Asti near Turin Correspondents of the Corriere Lombardo of Milan estimated damage at more than Turin authorities confirmed re ports that 50 bodies have been identified and 30 still are un claimed Many houses were destroyed Rail lines were broken telegraph poles fell Firemen and troops were asked to rescue some of the people along the river Sesia a tributary of the Po The Sesia overflowed inundated large areas Switzer Tells Plan for Iowa Labor Council Wellman Carroll O Switzer democratic candidate for governor proposed Monday to establish an official Iowa labormanagemen council if elected governor in the general election Nov 2 Switzer speaking at Labor day celebration sponsored by the Well man Lions club declared that ex penditure of effort in this direc tion would save both labor and management millions of dollars He pointed to Iowas growing in dustrialization and declared it t vital necessity to establish anc maintain mutually profitable re lationships between labor and management I propose to establish a labor management council It should be composed of outstanding repre sentatives of labor and manage ment as well as disinterested parties Lomakin Arrives at Swedish Port Goetebcrgr Sweden M Lomakin Russias expelled consul general to New York ar rived in Goeteberg Monday morn ing stirring up excitement such as used to occur when Greta Gar bo paid one of her rare visits home Lomakin was friendly and smil ing but uncommunicative A no comment was his answer to all questions put by correspondents who met the vessel which brought him here enroute to Moscow While a number of communist leaders met Andrei Gromyko when he arrived here earlier this summer they were absent this time 13505 Pay at Gate for Admission Jimmy Lynch Death Dodgers Horse Show Still on Program The largest crowd in the history of the North Iowa fair swarmed through the gates Sunday ac cording to M C Lawson secretary manager The auditors reported the paid gate at 13505 persons not including approximately 2200 4H and season tickets The largest total gate for 1 day previously was the 1947 Saturday auto racing crowd of 12601 Law son said Sundays huge crowd brought the total for the 1st 3 days of the 1948 exposition to 29662 paid admissions as compared with 26205 for Thursday Friday and Saturday last year All attendance records will go by the board this year Lawson forecast with another day of per fect weather Monday and Tues days 2nd day of auto racing to look forward to Monday evenings thrill show by Jimmie Lynchs Death Dodgers and the revival of fireworks as well as Tuesday evenings horse show with added features are ex pected to draw very well Livestock Auction The Tuesday crowd will be on hand early since the junior live stock auction gets under way at 9 a m Because more bidders are expected than ever before the sale has been moved this year to the racetrack in front of the west bleachers where seating will be available for everyone A record 191 head of prize baby beeves will be auctioned off to the highest bidder along with ap proximately 200 market pigs and 25 lambs Those on sale will include the 7 purple ribbon grand champions in the 4H baby beef show Of these Margaret Baker showed 2 the other exhibitors being Roger Katz Delmar Diercks Leonard Gobeli David Brekke and Carrol Morris Dusenberg Gate The new Dusenberg starting gate at Sundays horse races drew enthusiastic praise from the grandstand crowd which appreci ated the elimination of starting delays The caliber of the horses also was the highest seen at the North Iowa fair in recent years the field including many of the winners from the Iowa and Min nesota state fairs The horses were expected to draw an even larger grandstand crowd Monday afternoon than they did Sunday when the ad missions totaled 3200 Tuesdays renewal of the feud between Emory Collins worlds champion dirt track driver and his principal challenger Ben Musick Dallas Tex also will be a good drawing card Collins set a new track record of 2465 sec onds for the North Iowa fair oval in Saturdays time trials The Texan pushed Collins all the way Saturday when the Cedar Rapids master took the final featured race of 3i miles Espionage Charge Against Diplomat Called FrameUp TTVv rni w Washington P The States Monday labelled as a plain frameup Bulgarias ouster of an American diplomat on a charge of spying A transparently fabric ated maneuver was the way the state department officially described the 2nd incident of its kind behind the iron curtain of eastern Europe The central figure this time was Donald F Ewing vice consul of the American legation at Sofia Recall Arranged The Bulgarian radio said Sun day that Ewings immediate recall was arranged after his arrest in July while getting important written espionage information from 2 Bulgarians The radio described the pair as agents for American intelligence and said the data they were giv ing Ewing was of a military eco nomic and political character rep resenting state secrets Just 3 weeks earlier the Mos cow radio made a big todo over Lt Robert Dreher saying he had been caught in the act last April of getting Russian secrets while attached to the staff of the Amer ican embassy The state department said both cases were obvious plants Meets Men As for Ewing the department said the 2 men whom he had known in connection with his of ficial duties asked the vice consul to meet them outside the legation The departments account contin ued The Bulgarian secret police ar rested the 2 Bulgarians in Mr Ewings company and on the basis of a document of which the con tents were unknown allegedly found in the pocket of one of them and of alleged subsequently confessions on their part to the effect that they had been engaging in espionage for the United States through Ewing the Bulgarian gov ernment declared Ewing persona non grata and requested his recall Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Showers Monday night turning cooler Tuesday with more showers Low Mon day night near 60 High Tues day low 70s Minnesota Slowly clearing north west and mostly cloudy south and east portions with occa sional rain south and extreme east Monday night and in southeast Tuesday Cooler day night except little change in temperature in extreme southeast Cooler southeast Tuesday Iowa Showers central and east Monday night Tuesday showers south and east Cooler Tuesday Low Monday night 60 to 65 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 87 Minimum 57 At 8 a m Monday 68 YEAR AGO Maximum 8D Minimum 53 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 87 Minimum 57 At 8 a m Sunday 70 YEAR AGO Maximum us Minimum 57 ;