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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 5, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE NEWSPAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 5 1950 This Paper Consisti of Two No 381 A panorama of the record crowd at the North Iowa fair Monday afternoon taken by Elwin Musser GlobeGazette photographer from the top of the ferris Xel itoking northwi tt the One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Men Leave Stage but Ideas Live On NOT so long ago I tcok time out in one of these commen taries to review a book about Her bert Hoover written by David Hinshaw It was a Quaker writing about a Quaker and the most notable fact about it was that the appraisal of Mr Hoover was 100 per cent sympathetic I made no attempt to conceal the pleasure I derived from the book because it was such a change from many of the estimates of the former president Ive read down through the years and particular ly years when he was active on the nations political stage Most of these apparently were with vitriol Now before me a book which is pretty much a counter part of the Hinshaw book except as to subject Its mostly about 2 democratic presidents Woodrow Wilson and Franklin D Roosevelt with heaviest emphasis on thelat ter F D ft The Friendly Approach The volume is titled Incredible Tale Its author is Gerald W Johnson And what he writes in what he calls the odyssey of the average American in the last half century couldnt possibly be more friendly in its approach to the 2 presidents Ive mentioned In my commentary on the Hoover book I expressed a wish that it might be made required reading for those Americans who have been making a career oi hating the native Iowa son unfor tunate enough to be occupying the white house when the worldwide depression descended on America like a ton of bricks By the same token a wish could be expressed that this Johnson book Incredible Tale be read aloud to the worst of our Roose velt haters Whereas most his torians would wish to wait a few years to see how the F D R deeds look after the test of time Mr Johnson has no reluctance to put him at the top of the list ahead of both Washington and Lincoln Mere Successor to Wilson Perhaps the most interesting thesis developed by the native of the Carolinas and for many years an editorial writer for the Baltimore thnt Frank lin D Roosevelts new deal was in truth only a sequel and logical de velopment of the Woodrow Wilson political philosophy It was Wilson who thought up the ideas the principal one of which was that the role of govern ment doesnt end with being um pire and arbiter in the affairs cf a nation Rather the government must step in and take over when private business falls down or falls short With his academic background and a scholarly mind unequalled in white house history according to Mr Johnson Mr Wilson brought new concepts into our na tional life But it remained to Franklin D Roosevelt not so put them into effect At least thats the way Mr John son approaches his subject It is doubtful to say the least writes Author Johnson thai Roosevelt could ever have worked his way through study and sheer power of reason to the conclusions that Wilson reached But he had ample power to understand them and to assess their value once Wilson had pointed them out F D R was as strong in applica tion as Wilson was in discovery Bryans Mind Discounted A number of other Americans starting with William Jennings Bryan get some passing attention from the author of Incredible Tale Mr Bryan is passed over rather lightly as one possessed of a gljb tongue but small intellect He knew the disease but he al ways prescribed a wrbng cure Theodore Roosevelt too gets minimum of attention from Mr on 2 Draft Upped to 70000 in November 100000 Previously Called Since Start of War in Korep Washington defense department asked selective service leadquarters Tuesday to call up 70000 inductees for the army in November This will make a total of 170 000 draftees to be called up since the outbreak of the Korean war Previous calls were for 50000 in leptember and another 50000 in October All draftcalls so far have been or army inductees Neither the navy nor the air force has asked for any draftees The first call for draftees was ssued on July 10 for 20 000 On July 27 this call of 20000 for September was increased to 50 000 and another 50000 were asked for October IOWAS SHARE TO BE 1200 FOR NOVEMBER Des Moines selective ervice headquarters said Tuesday the armys call for a draft of 70000 nen during November will mean the drafting of about 1200 lowans as this states share of the national quota Iowa currently is furnish ng 860 men for the national Sep tember draft quota of 50000 and will furnish an additional 860 men in October UN Line Only 9 Miles From Taegu Draft Board Rules All Members Decide Deferment Requests Newton Jasper county draft board has adopted a stern policy on requests for deferment Board members have announced that from now on deferments will be discussed only before all 3 members of the board The board said it has adopted the policy because parents and others have sought to contact board members individually to re quest deferments for registrants Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Tuesday night and Wednesday Low Tuesday night 40 to 45 High Wednesday near 80 Iowa Fair and a little warmer Tuesday night and Wednesday Low Tuesday night 50 to 55 east near 60 west Iowa 5Day Outlook Tempera tures will average 3 to 5 de grees above normal Normal high 79 to 83 Normal low 55 to 58 Warming trend Wednesday and Thursday A general change to cooler weather probable over the weekend Rainfall will be inch or less with some scattered showers beginning about Fri day or early in the weekend Minnesota Generally fair and warmer Tuesday night and Wed nesday except little change in itmperature northwest portion Wednesday Low Tuesday nigh1 5055 High Wednesday middle 8Ds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Sept 4 Maximum 74 Minimum 40 At 8 a m v 58 YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum 60 Holiday Accident Toll 511 Highway Deaths Cut to 359 By the Associated Press More than 500 persons were tilled in violent accidents over the Labor day holiday one of the aiggest tolls on record Traffic fatalities were under the predicted otal but as usual the heaviest toll was in motor mishaps A nationwide survey showed 511 killed in accidents from 6 p m local time Friday to Monday period of 78 hours This figure was under the record breaking toll of 550 over iast Labor day but above the previous high record of 428 in 1937 Of the total 359 were killed in traffic accidents The National Safety council in a preholiday statement estimated the highway toll would be 435 unless motorists used extreme caution The high ways were jammed with millions aking trips on the last long week end holiday of the summer The traffic toll last Labor day was a record 410 Sixtyfive persons drowned and 87 others lost their lives in acci dents of miscellaneous including airplane crashes fires falls etc A plane crash at Utica N Y and a trainwreck near Milwaukee were the worst acci dents Thirteen died in the crash of a DC3 airliner in a pasture near Utica Monday Nine were killed Saturday in the train acci dent near Milwaukee Heaviest tolls were in New York Texas California Virginia Wis consin and Illinois In Connecticut where special holiday law en forcement and educational pro grams have been carried on to avert highway tragedies during the weekend rush no fatalities were reported Massachusetts conducting similar programs re ported 3 highway deaths Other states which reported no traffic fatalities were Delaware Maine and South Dakota Millions for Iowa Road Work in 5 7 Ames is going to have more than for primary road construction in 1951 says Fred R White chief engineer for the Iowa highway commission White said that is more than is being spent for pri mary road construction this year and all of it will be available for new construction None of it has to go to pay off bonds he ex plained The engineer said Monday the being spent this year is well above the average for such construction in each of the 5 years before World war II Highway construction costs now are about twice what they were before the war he said If we assume that construction prices have doubled the fact is that increases in available pri mary road funds offset the post war inflation of costs White said On the basis of present price levels a greater physical volume of primary road construction can be financed in 1951 than was built in the average of the 5 pre war years SAMB Black neani itath Urt W 4 Die on Iowa Roads in 3 Days Labor Day Weekend Toll 15 in 1949 By The Associated Press Iowas drive right campaign which ended at noon Tuesday had among items to its credit an out standing record for the long Labor Day weekend which began at 6 p m Friday With only 4 traffic fatalities re corded as a result of weekend highway accidents the death toll was far below last years Labor Day weekend when 15 such deaths were recorded The overall figure for traffic deaths during the 2week cam paign rose to 22 with the death at Fort Dodge Monday of Emanuel Mortensen 57 Gowrie who died of injuries suffered in a last Thursday Traffic deaths in Iowa in the comparative 2week period in the past 2 years have averaged 27 Two Iowa drownings a stock car race crash which killed a spec tator and a trainpedestrian fatality also marred the wppkend The stock car crash occurred at Council Bluffs where Albert Miller 21 Omaha was fatally injured when a racing vehicle went out of control and struck the steel pole behind which he was standing Other weekend victims in cluded Alonzo Dillon 55 Mount Auburn who was killed when struck by a passenger train Sun day and Bob Feucrstein 16 Shel don who drowned Sunday while swimming in Lake Paullina Peters Osage Lifer Released on Parole Des Moines release from prison of Peter H Peters 30 of Osage who originally was sentenced to a life term was an nounced Tuesday by the Iowa board of parole Peters was sentenced from Mit chell county in 1941 in connection with the robbery of a sav ings bank at Mclntire Peters sentence was commuted to 50 years by former Gov Rob ert D Blue in December of 1948 Peters is being released on parole Vishinsky To Head Soviet UN Delegation Moscow Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Y Vishinsky will head the soviet delegation to the United Naticiis general assembly opening in New York Sept 19 the government disclosed Tuesday The foreign affairs ministry ap plied for a United States visa foi Vishinsky The embassy already has re ceived about 70 applications for visas for the assembly meeting from members of the soviet the White Russian and the Ukrainian delegations Vishinsky who has been re ported ailing is back in Moscow after taking a brief rest at a Czechoslovak spR and apparently feels equal to the U N assign ment Otherwise it had been thought Andrei Grpmyko his first deputy would go in his place Ackley Girl Among New Polio Patients Ryken 14 daugh ter Mr and Mrs Harry Ryken of Ackley is among 5 new polio patients admitted to Blank Me morial hospital at Des Moines since Saturday Fair Crowd Hits Record on Last Day 1949 1950 Thursday 3782 4777 Friday 5348 5856 Saturday 6638 7706 Sunday 6579 11293 Monday 8689 11546 Total 31036 41196 The grandstand crowd at the North Iowa fair Monday afternoon to watch the 100mile stock car races broke all records for paid admissions as 8524 passed through the turnstiles Total paid attendance for the 5 day event at the outside gates reached 41196 Adding an esti mated 2100 attendance by exhibi tors and the number of children admitted free the attendance was more than 50000 officials said The 1950 paid total topped the 1949 figure by 10160 Another record set was the total number of cars parked inside the grounds in 1 day That was on Sunday when 1893 cars came through the gates To Meet on Site M C Lawson fair manager commenting on the great success of the 50 fair said A meeting of the executive committee of the fair was held Monday afternoon to arrange for a session soon at which time a possible new and larger site will be the main discus sion No other grandstand turnout has even approached the Monday afternoon swarm Complete rec ords go back only through 1946 it was pointed out and they show 2 previous grandstand crowds of more than 5000 One was Labor day afternoon in when there was 5399 paid for big car auto races The other was Labor clay evening of 1947 when there was a rodeo and a car given away before 5560 per sons 2nd Best Day Mondays total gate attendance of 11504 was the 2nd best on rec ord The top mark was 12601 on Sunday of 1946 Lawson said that while the fnir was very successful exhibits were larger than ever before and the layout was taxed for space The district shows 4H and F F A were crowded beyond capacity he pointed out A large addition was built on to the swine shed but still it was not big enough There was an in crease in farm machinery space still we lacked room And all concession and exhibit space in the Merchants building was sold out before May 1 Meat Expected To Be Higher Than in 1949 Washington eat prices may decline moderately this fall but beef may rise again later in the year or early in 1951 the government said Monday Prices of hogs are expected to decline seasonally this fall as marketing increase the agri culture department noted in a re port but to be higher than last fall Prices of both grass and fed cattle may decline moderately during the early fall because of increased marketings but prob ably will make some recovery later in the year or early in 1951 Demand for meat is stronger than a year ago and will increase the department said The seasonal decline in prices of meat and meat animals this fall therefore may be less than usual Meat production this fall will exceed that of last fall the de partment said AP Wirephoto REDS THREATEN TAEGU FROM new menace to Taegu from the east North Korean reds 1 attacking from south Kigye have been checked 5 miles north of junc tion city of Kyongju However one prong of the attack has swung west in direction of Yongchon main highway junc tion 20 miles east of Taegu Pohang is also under attack North of Taegu 2 U S troops pulled out of Kasan In south 3 Yanks continued push against reds west of Yongsan and hit communists west of Masan Reds Plan U S Satellite Says Eisenhower Denver Gen Dwight Eisenhower warned Monday night that soviet planners contemplate for all the world including Amer ica the same fate as Russias satellite countries All lesser considerations must wait we cannot tolerate politics as usual any more than we can tolerate business as usual We must get with ourselves The wartime commander of al lied forces in Europe spoke on a nationwide broadcast launching the Crusade for Freedom Amer icans will be asked to sign a free dom scroll and contribute funds for a network of European radio stations to counteract Russian propaganda It will supplement the work of the governments Voice of America Urging an Individual and na tional tightening of belts the president of Columbia university said We must have efficiency and economy in all governmental expenditures It would do no good to defend our liberties against communist aggression and lose them to our own greed blindness ignorance or shiftless reliance on bure aucracy and the federal treasury he said Eisenhower urged support for the crusadefor freedom as a weapon of truth against Russian propaganda This devilish libel against American soldiers he said lias millions of people be lieving that they are dying in Ko rea for American imperialism We need radio stations abroad operated without government re strictions to tell in vivid and con vincing form about the decency and essential fairness of democ racy he said Congress May Go Home in 10 Days Return After Vote Washington A drive to wind up its most urgent business may send congress home on va cation in the next 10 days but most lawmakers think theyll be back after the November elections to wrestle with new issues raised by the Korean war President Truman is almost cer tain to ask the legislators for more military funds by January or earlier Qualified legislators esti mate the amount at 10000000000 or more Mr Truman also may come up with recommendations to change the military draft so as to meet the minimum goal of 3000000 men he has set Before congress winds up its present afffirs leaders want action on some form of an anti subversives bill the houseap proved emergency military money bill and the sen ateapproved tax increase Complaints of Cement Dust To Be Heard by Mason City Council Telephone calls received by GlobeGazette and radio sUon KGLO Tuesday indicated that there will be a number of cit izens at the regular meeting of the Mason City council Tuesday evening to seek some solution to the problem of cement dust The agenda for the council meeting had a lastday notation by Mayor Howard Bruce Complaint on cement dust It had not previous ly been included The council meets at p m Soviet Plane Shot Down by UN Navy Was Attacking UN Forces Off Korea Russ Officer Aboard From Wire Services S 1st division cav alrymen fell back to new posi tions only 9 miles from Taegu Tuesday night in an attempt to cement their northern line breached by a tidal wave of 30 000 attacking North Koreans It was the most serious threat yet to Taegu in this latest red offensive which in 3 days also had punched to within 50 miles of the Nations vital Pusan supply base The cavalrymen took up new positions on ridges 3 miles south of Tabudong representing a gen eral withdrawal of from 3 to 6 miles Tabudong already has been evacuated The withdrawal was forced by the defeat of the South Korean capitol division at Angangni in the central sector of the northern front where Wednesday Amer icans and South Koreans were dug in on a line some 7 miles north of Kyongju Bore Red Star American officers would not define the new northern line in detail but United Press front re ports indicated it runs through Sinnyong 5 miles north of Yong chon to 7 miles north of Kyong ju and then sweeps upward in a buttonhook curve to 1 mile north of Pohang Youngchon was under enemy artillery fire and infiltraters were firing small arms inside the town itself Yongchon is astride the PohangTaegu highway midway between the 2 cities In Washington the U S state department said a twin engine bomber bearing a soviet red star was shot down Monday as it attacked U N naval forces off Korea The body of a Russian lieutenant was recovered by an allied destroyer the state depart ment said No Official Report But neither American nor Brit ish authorities in Tokyo confirmed the Washington announcement im mediately A British naval task force was off Korea in the general area of the 38th parallel state department said the vicident oc curred A British naval spokesman iu Tokyo said he had not received any report from the task force about such an incident Mudspattered allied troops halt ed the southern flank of the drive in the northeast 2 to 5 miles north of Kyongju The southwestern plunge by a force of unknown strength swept close to Yongchon which was un der short range mortar fire Mon day night The reds seemed headed for Taegu to the west of Yongchon and Pusan main allied harbor south of Kyongju They were nearest Taogu both at Yongchon and near Tabu north of the north western front rail hub some 12 miles in the rugged hills Say Pusan Shelled Pusan has not been closely ap proached by the North Korean forces But a Russian war corre spondents dispatch published in Moscow said North Korean big caliber artillery began shelling the Pusan airdrome at dawn Tuesday There was no confirmation of the Russian dispatch A driving rain beat down on the whole warfront miring men and machines in mud and grounding 75 per cent of normal allied aerial support Enemy frontline positions ;