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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 5, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THf NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL LV Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 5 1949 This Paper Consists of Two HOME EDITION niiiir i No 281 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Our World Must Grow Into Democracy BEFORE and during the first world war the slogan for America was Make the world safe for democracy The expres sion was credited to Woodrpw Wilson and it caught the imagin ation of our people It played a large part in the winning of the war Of that there can be no rea sonable doubt Before during and since World war II we havent heard those words Make the world safe for democracy The plain fact is that in the 20 year iriterim between the 2 world wars we ex perienced a pronounced disillu sionment Now we know that one of these 2 things is true about the world and democracy 1 Either the world isnt ready for democracy or 2 The world doesnt want democ racy Democracy in Degrees Here I should take time out to explain that the democracy to which I am referring is our kind of democracy The word of course isnt one that lends itself to pre cise definition There are many kinds of democracy In the new issue of American College Dictionary which lies opened before me as I prepare this commentary1 find these 2 defi nitions of democracy listed first I1 A government by the people 2 A form of government in whichthe supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system Then further down the multiple choice definition there is this A state of society characterized by formal equality of rights and privileges political or social equality democratic spirit Greeces Pure Democracy Often you hear it suggested that the only pure democracy ever given a trial in government was in the ancient Greek citystate A little research however reveals that this report is considerably exaggerated Actually the democracy prac ticed by the ancient Greeks yfell short of totality in 2 important re spects First there was no suffrage for women and second there were slaves in ancient Greece and they exercised no voice in government the closest approach to democracy ever achieved in the field of government was in the town meetings of our own New England a form of government which still persists in that area of our country at least in modified form Women now have a part in them In fact Im told by some New Englanders these present day town meetings are about as much social events as govern mental events Its Representative As for a pure democracy on the national dimensions there just hasnt been such a thing in re corded history Americans gen erally would say that their own government is the closest approach to it although on this question there might be a dissent irom the British In either States or democracy would be a far more accurately descriptive term than pure de mocracy The individual citizen has a voice in electing the of ficials who in turn enact the laws and administer the government Down the years the trend in our I think the same can be said tf has been in the direction of more direct action by the people and a diminishing reliance on elected representatives This fact is re flected in several ways Senators by Direct Vote For example when our consti tution was adopted it was pro vided that our United States sen ators should be selected by the state legislatures rather than by direct vote of the people This has been changed In the early days of our repub lic too party nominees were named by the caucus or conven tion system Now quite largely under the direct primary party nominees are chosen by popular vote Then too there has been a growing tendency in some states under what is called the referen dum to let voters decide on legis lative propositions which in the earlier days of our country would have been left with the legis latures For some unexpiainable reason our western states have led the parade in this particular direc tion One Pacific coast state for a time had a law which permitted voters to oust a judge from his seat on the bench if they didnt like one of his decisions Pity the Californian In California only last Novem ber in connection with the gen eral election voters were called upon to pass judgment on upwards of a score of propositions which normally would be the business of state legislature But with all of this our repub lic can still be best described as a CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Crowd Flows In for Fairs Last Day Truman Hits Fair Deal Opponents Promises Fight to Finish in Labor Day Talk at Pittsburgh Pittsburgh Tru man Monday unleashed a blister ing attack against the selfish in terests opposing his fair deal program and grimly promised a fight to the finish lor its enact ment In a scathing speech which ap parently set the tone for next years democratic congressional campaigns Mr Truman declared that this fight will succeed despite a scarce word campaign in tended to confuse the people and turn them against their own best interests The president said many of his proposals already progressed in the face of such trumped up slo gans as statism and collectiv ism Paid Agitators These he said were thought up by a lot of paid agitators pro moters and publicity experts who make a fat living by frightening the people in the higher income groups Asserting that people have al ways had to fight for progress Mr Truman declared we still have a fight on our hands against the selfish forces of reaction and special privilege The people of the United States have been winning that fight for 160 years he added I am con vinced that we will continue to win it through the years to come Can Afford Them As for the argument that the nation cant afford his proposals Mr Truman said The truth cant afford not to put these programs into effect We can afford them we ought to have them we will have them The presidents freeswinging Labor Day talk at the Allegheny county free fair bristled with fa miliar 1948 campaign criticisms of the GOPcontrolled 80th con he called a threat to almost every bit of the for wardlooking legislation passed during recent years Defends Congress In contrast Mr Truman sharp ly defended the present demo cratic 81st congress asserting it has reversed this backward trend by ending the piecemeal destruction of the hardwon pro tections and benefits that the peo ple have built for themselves The chief executive made no reference to the southern demo cratic congressmen who have teamed up with northern repub licans to defeat or delay his civil rights proposals and other key measures But he denied flatly the criti cism of some people that this is donothing label Mr Truman plastered on congress time after time when it was un der republican control Offers List He offered as refutation list of measures passed during the pres ent session over the fierce oppo sition of the selfish interests And while he conceded that these interests have thus far pre vented repeal of the laborhated TaftHartley law he added this pledge That issue is far from settled We are going to continue to fight for the repeal of that repressive law until it is wiped off the statute books CROWD WAS crowd was there for the North Iowa fair auto races Saturday as this picture shows They were not disappointed either for the speed demons put on their usual thrilling show Deb Snyder beat out Frank Lup tow by less than a car length in the closing feature race No records were set however be cause the rain caused a rough track on the turns Qffer Reward for Slayer of Chavis Des Moines Des Moines Tribune announced Mon day it is offering a reward to anyone who can supply infor mation which will solve the mysterious slaying of Henry W Chavis Ames canner The reward is being offered in such a way the page one article said that the person supplying the information may keep his identity forever secret Chavis nationally prominent in the canning industry was found shot to death Nov 8 1948 along side his home near Ames Iowa Holiday Death Total Climbs to 18 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Eighteen persons have died vio lent deaths in Iowa since the long Labor day weekend started at 6 p m Friday Four died in a plane crash one drowned and the rest died in traffic accidents Killed in the plane crash 5J miles west of West Liberty Sun day were R W Cochran 33 of Iowa City operation of a flying service and owner of the plane Dale Ken nedy 32 farmer near West Lib erty his brother Gale 34 also a farmer near West Liberty and Glen Creno 30 of West Liberty Die in Collision The latest traffic deaths re ported were those of Beverly Lpckwood 13 and her sister Linda Norma 10 months old daughters of Mr and Mrs Vic 326 Dead By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The nations Labor Day toll of holiday weekend accidental deaths reached 326 Monday with the heavy homegoing traffic yet to come The total included 259 traffic deaths 23 drownings and 44 deaths in miscellaneous mfshaps The National Safety Council has predicted 280 deaths in traffic accidents alone during the holiday period from 6 p m Friday to midnight Monday night Lockwpod of Garden Grove They were killed Sunday night in the headon collision of 2 cars near Leon Manuel Hernandes 26 of Yure guaro Mex was killed in Arm strong about midnight Saturday Emmet County Sheriff Em let Twito said Hernandes was riding on the side of a car when it side swiped another auto parked at the curb Franklin Dale Nelson 30 f Vt O ert tnllt mJVtxJ4U CS9 taiij injured near his home early Sun day when his motorcycle went out of control on a bridge and crashed into a ditch He died at an Os ceola hospital a short while later Car Leaves Road A car which Sheriff Leo J Mar tins office said was driven by Forest Dull Jr 23 of Rockford 111 went off highway 52 north of Dubuque and brought death to Robert E Coward 22 of Hazel Green Wis early Sunday Near Redfield William I Huff 47 Greenfield farmer drowned while fishing in the Raccoon river Sunday A soninlaw Clare Williamson 25 who was fishing with Huff said he believed Huff slipped from the apron of the dam Williamson said he was un able to reach his fatherinlaw With another full day to go in the 3day holiday weekend the states traffic toll had more than doubled last years deaths for the entire weekend when 6 died Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Mostly fair and continued rather cool Monday night and Tuesday Low Monday night 4555 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics of the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Maximum 77 Minimum 52 At 8 a m 59 Precipitation 76 YEAR AGO Maximum 87 Minimum S7 TWO DOUBLE grand champion bull and female Hereford both came from the same herd The same was true of the top Angus From left to right are Floyd Janssen Thornton with WHR Prophetess 6th and Glee Wagner Hampton with WHR Royal Duke 132nd Wagner owns the 2 Hereford champions Third is Paul Pelzer herdsman for Harold Eiler holding Wintonier of DenMor son of Wintonier 4th 1941 international cham pion Angus hull and Harold Eiler Tipton holding Marie Juangrand champion Angus jointly by Eiler and Charles Thomas Coon Rapids Berkley Is Spending Holiday in St Louis St Louis President Alben W Barkley took time out from affairs of state Monday for a lengthy holiday to court Mrs Carleton S Hadley in the leisurely style of old Kentucky The 72 year old veep let it be known that hed probably be here until Wednesday squiring the at tractive 37 year old widow around her home town But he said definitely that they wouldnt be married this trip SAME Black riar meant death la put 24 11 Arrested After Rioting at Peekskill Peekskill N Y ties charged 11 local residents Monday with taking part in an a n t i communist demonstration against Singer Paul Robeson in which 114 persons were injured by flying sticks stones and bottles Those arrested were released in bail ranging from to for charges from disorderly conduct to turning over cars Justice of the Peace Heibeft M Chase before whom they were arraigned Sun day night said they would be given a hearing late this week The demonstration occurred Sunday despite efforts of 800 local and state police who tried to hold back crowds which lined highways and stoned cars and buses when 15000 Robeson supporters left a concert given by the Negro bari tone on an abandoned golf course near here 8 Cars Overturned Eight cars of Robeson admirers were overturned by the demon strators many of whom were dressed in army navy and Ameri can Legion uniforms Many of the Robeson supporters were stranded here until late Sun day night when bus drivers re fused to drive their vehicles through the gantlet of demonstra tors who lined the roads More than a dozen persons were treated at the scene 30 were treated at Peekskilt hospital 15 in nearby Mohegan Lake 31 in other nearby communities and 26 at hospitals in New York City Attack Bus Riders Eight of those injured were aboard a bus returning from a visit to the Franklin D Roosevelt shrine at Hyde Park N Y and were hurt when demonstrators mistook the bus for one of those chartered by the concert goers The injuries ranged from frac tured skulls to severed fingers cuts and bruises Among those reported injured were Irving Potash of the Furriers union one of the 11 com munist leaders now on trial for criminal conspiracy and Paul Ross former administrative secre tary to Mayor William ODwyer and now an American labor party candidate for city comptroller Robeson was uninjured MINSKY DIES New York Abraham B Minsky 68 one of 4 brothers with widespread burlesque and other entertainment interests for many years died Monday Death was attributed rhage to a cerebral hemor Hailstones are made of layers of compact snow and ice formed about a central core 3ike nn onion says the National Geographic so ciety GlobeGazette Phptos CHILDRENS was Childrens day again and sunny weather was ex pected to bring them to the North Iowa fair in droves The 2nd Childrens day was agreed on by the fair management and the World of Today shows because rural school children did not have an opportunity to enjoy the Friday event at which the picture was taken Shakeup in Prospect for Spy Probers Washington congres sional economy drive is about to hit the spyhunting house un American activities committee it vas learned Monday A source close to the contro versial group said that a staff shakeup is in prospect He claimed it would result in the loss of at least one investigator and several other employes The committee has been au thorized by the house to spend for its investigations during this congress But some members would like to turn back as much aspossible into the leg islative treasury One member told reporters a few days ago that the committees activities have been cut down so far under the democratic regime that we might as well lay off the whole staff It wont be long before we be come known as the house inac tivities committee he said And the way things arc going at pres ent that name would certainly be justified Islands In the Bahama group belonging to Britain lie only 52 miles from the const of the United States Truman to Make Talk to Amvets DCS M o i n e s Truman will address the 5th na tional Amvets convention Mon day afternoon as the climax of the 3day meeting which already has produced its share of fire works Also on the slate for Monday is election of officers by both the Amvets American Veterans World War II and their auxil iary The convention Sunday by a near unanimous standing vote re jected a proposal to merge with American Veterans Committee and by a narrow margin adopted a resolution asking a bonus up to The meeting spent 2 hours in debate on each measure Among the candidates for Am vet commander are Dwight Oli ver Kalamazoo Mich past state commander and Harold Russell Watertown Mass who won a motion picture academy award for his performance in the pic ture Best Years of Our Lives Candidates for president of the auxiliary are Mrs Kathryn Reilly Hcarn Fall River Mass and Mrs Cliff Lauritson Waterloo Iowa io address the convention at p m Adoption of the bonus resolu tion came only a day after Gov ernor Sid McMath of Arkansas an Amvet organizer told the con vention it should not ask a bonus and added that Amvets against handouts The were dele gates voted for the bonus 193 to 152 President Truman Is scheduled were necessary Eisenhower Has High Peace Hopes St Louis Dwight D Eisenhower said Monday he feels more optimistic about winning the peace than at any time in the past 2 years Eisenhower here for a reunion with his 4 brothers and to ad dress the American Bar associa tion said the world has been en couraged by recent events and is not depending so much on force to reach agreements We havent won the cold war by a long way he said Well win it only when 140000000 peo ple realize there is a great strug gle on and that they must be true to Ihe ideas of political and eco nomic freedom In Topeka Kans he said earlier that defense spending reductions ordered by the administration Brand New Program to Be Offered Jimmy Lynch and Death Dodgers Take Over in Grandstand North lowans in large numbers Monday flowed through the gates at the final day of the North Iowa fair An entirely new entertainment program awaited visitors Jimmie Lynch and his Death Dodgers took over the grandstand shows for both afternoon and evening With the Death Dodgers was a complete new vaudeville program replacing the performers of the first 4 days The Labor day program was also to include such musical features as the Mason City municipal band in the afternoon and evening and the Chamber of Commerce chorus at p m Baby Beef Show The ever popular baby beef sale drew a crowd of interested persons to the fairgrounds at Monday morning Also on the program the final day were district demonstra tions and the sheep and hog sales The announcement that Monday was childrens day and that boys and girls under 16 were to be ad mitted free at the outside gate up to 5 p m attracted a large num ber of the younger generation All rides and shows were 9cents The World of Today Shows have a large number of rides and shows that appeal to children and the childrens day feature is ar North Iowa Fair PROGRAM MONDAY LABOR DAY concert Mason City Municipal Carletpn Show Jimmie Lynch Death Dodgers New vauder ville program concert Mason City Municipal band Carleton Stewart director Show Jimmie Lynch Death Dodgers Complete new show on stage ranged by special agreement be tween the fair management and the carnival company Despite the heavy track an ex cellent program of running was presented Sunday afternoon In the evening the stage revue Stars on Parade presented their final performance atthe local fair despite the of drizzling rain in the early part of the evening The rain made it necessary to omit the high acts Most Appreciative It wasnt the largest crowd of the 4 but probably the most preciative was in the grandstand Sunday night The many stars in the revue really showed their versatility by performing under the adverse conditions Many of the acts were hampered by the slippery stage but the performers got by in great shape anyway That brought longer plaudits than most of their previous appear ances at the fair had Emcee Jimmy Lee did an ex cellent job of filling in as tem porary rearrangements were be ing made during the early down pour Mondays weather outlook gave promise of excellent conditions for the closing events of the North Iowa exposition The management of the fair es timated that Mondays crowd would exceed the 6579 who went through the gates Sunday Satur days attendance totaled 6638 U S Troops Czech Police Exchange Fire Frankfurt Germany man border police reported Mon day that U Sconstabulary troops and Czechoslovak border police exchanged more than 600 pistol shots near Hof early Sunday The reason for the gunfire be tween American and Czech bor der elements could not be imme diately determined German eyewitnesses reported that Czech border guards first opened fire on an American and German border patrol late Friday night The shooting was repeated dur ing the night of Saturday to Sun day when an American constab ulary patrol approached the Czech border German police said that as far as they knew nobody was hurt in the exchange One German official described the incident as aimless shoot ing The exchange early Sunday morning lasted 4 hours the police 1 said tf ;