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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 5, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AVL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Prep United Ptce Full Wins Five Cents COPT Fat Persons Rarely Seen in London By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 8 London Air more than a coincidence that on the streets of Lon don 16 d a arid I presume the same is true of all other British you almost never see a fat person Theres a reason for it and that reason is that Britain during these past 5 years h a s nt been eating enough to make any body fat And heaven knows she isnt now Those who eat at hotels and other public places of whom 1 am one probably fare some bet ter than do those more stringent ly under Britains food and ration system But even these delegates at large find themselves severe ly limited both as to amount and variety Tonight for example it was sausage or fish Potatoes are present in plenty to those wartime gar referred to in another let ter recently Beans are plentiful too 1 take it since its the one and only vegetable that Ive seen in my first half week here Ijn disappointed I was all set for brussels sprouts Whether the coffee here is a casualty of the war or of the Eng lish chefs I dont know But I do know that it doesnt taste like any coffee Ive had since I was in England last nearly 20 years a go Those who wait onyou are forthright Its Any milk in your coffee sir Cream has not only gone off the British menu but oul of the British vocabulary And the sugar portion is so infinitls mal that it would take a profes sional winetester to sense it Eggs have an important place in the British dehydratec form All right for cooking bu1 not tasty scrambled any oth er form The ration now allows forone 1 egg a month And thats an for cele bration Englishof emotions concerning dried eggs are a bit B broadminded they concedfe T this food iridelectable as it is has beeria mighty factor in saving Britain from hunger and malnu trition For that theyre duly grateful At trie same time however they hope inwardly that they never have to take a bit of powdered egg after this war is over They wan their eggs from biddy to bell from now on Steaks Some of the older resi dents here think they recall hav ing had one once But it was so Jons ago they cant be sore Vea ana mutton Some hat not much of it from Iowa More bat not enough A limited supply of spiced meats has developed the thinnest slicer known to man What I thought was a pink lettuc leaf in my ham sandwich one day turned out to be the ham Bread is dark heavy an coarse This Ive been told is 6 suggestion if not order of health authorities who have sought sci entifically to have provided ii bread some of the essential vita rains etc which are missing ii the remainder of Britains war time diet Its a fact verifiable statistically as well as by casual observation that neither British health no British spirit has drooped uride the impact of a wartime bill o fare that hasnt been too pleasan for a people who traditionally ha been a fancierof good things t eat YANKS STAB INTO RHINE VALLEY Report Aachen and Saarbrucken in Germany Captured Note on Dead Man This Will Teach You to SeU Bum Whisky Spokane Wash beaten body of elderly John Col f een was found on the floor of hi home and on his chest pinned a note which read This will teach you to sell whisky Police Capt Lee Markwoo said Coffeen had bean dead a 18 hours when theibody found by a neighbor Monday said Coffeen was between 70 80 years old Markwood added that record showed that Coffeen had been rested during prohibition days seling liquor bum abou wa H an fo 24 in Horsemans Glub Suffer Food or Water Poisoning on Ride Cedar Rapids IOUT members of a horseman club were in two Cedar Rapid hospitals Monday night victim apparently of either food or water poisoning None of the victims stricken near the end of a 7 mile overnight ride which the had taken to Marengo was ported in serious MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 5 ISM illltffi ComlTli of Two Reds Declare War Against Bulgaria Charge Bases Are Provided for German Army London declaredwar on Bulgaria Tuesday night ac using the Balkan country of continuing to provide bases for the Ger army despite repeated allied warnings Radio NAZIS DECLARE SOVIET TROOPS ACROSS NAREW Germans Report Vast Red Forces Driving Against East Prussia London fP Russian troops lave crossed the historic Narew jiver in their new fullfledged offensive toward east Prussia the German radio asserted late Tues day At its nearest point just west of Lomza the Narew flows within 12 milesof the southern frontier of 3ast Prussia On the eastern fron ier of the German province Rus sian armies have been deployed for about 3 weeks Between the Bug and Narew ihe Russians continued their breakthrough attempts with vast forces including large plane for mations on a broad front the German commentator CoU Ernst Von Hammer asserted Once before early in August the Germans reported a Russian crossing of the Narew along whose banks the Germans de feated armies of theczarin the last war and forced a Russian withdrawal fronii Warsaw The the sector threatens invasion or out flanking of iBast Prussia and also menaces Warsaw from the north The Russian offensive started Sunday Moscow reported 100 towns captured in the sector Mon day The Germans said the Russians had brought up new tank and in fantry divisions The exact point of crossing was not specified EXPLOIT SUCCESSES IN TRANSYLVANIA Moscow and Ro manian troops stormed down the mountainous eastern watershed of the Hungarian plains Tuesday while red army unitsin Poland drove an armored battering ram deep intothe WarsawEast Prus sia defense belt Soviet successes in Transyl lic1 along the historic invasion VMAIHL auuig me Historic invasion ln route to Hungary and southwest disarmed wlu 3kfukllVC3U Lomza between Warsaw and East Moscow announced the ioviet declaration of war as a cli max to a series of bitter Russian denunciations of the Bulgars It came a few hours after Bulgaria struggling to avert disaster had declared her last ties with the axis broken The new Bulgarian government formed last Saturday was re ported to have ordered peace em issaries to conclude an armistice with the United States and Bri tain as soon as possible Soviet Foreign Commissar V M Molotoy at 7 p m handed the Bulgarian minister a note break ing relations with Sofia and charging the Bulgars with a stub born maintenance of favors to Germany specifically the provi sion of bases in Bulgarian terri tory The Moscow radio said the note accused the Bulgars of helping Germany for 3 years a position heretofore countenanced by the Russians since the Bulgars were in no position to resist the nazisi Although the allies nowhave sealed the fate of Germany Mos cow said making the nazi defeat inevitable theBulgars have re fused to follow Finland and Ro mania and join the antiGerman coalition The Soviets charged that the so called neutrality of the Bulgar ians Included giving heln to the Germans which the Russian gov ernment regards as participation in the war against Russia The German defeats this year liauled Bulgaria out of a position of impotence Molotovsaid and set the stigeforrher shiftirito the allied camp But Bulgaria re fused to make the commitment clinging to a dubious neutrality while striving TO avert war with Russia Bo wins to powerful red armies massed along the BulgarianRo manian frontier Premier Con stantin Mnraviev broadcast a pro clamation to the Bulgarian people announcing that his government had repudiated the axis tripartite and anticomintern pacts and was ready to make peace with the allies Muraviev a veteran peasant party leader who formed a new cabinet last Saturday night to re place that of exPremier Ivan Bargianov proclaimed his coun trys full neutrality in the Soviet German war and promised that any German troops escape into Bulgar against fierce resistance front dis patches said Russian and Romanian divi sions officially operating in co ordination for the first time push ed forward against a combined German and Hungarian force They were heading for the Mures river valley which runs west ward into Hungary One supporting column veered so uth west ward toward Sibiu which controls the northern exit of the Turnu pass through the Transylvanian Alps Capture of Brasov which was announced Monday assured com plete possession of the Predeal pass through the Alps and it was a downhill fight from there to Hungary Sibiu 2nd in importance only to Brasov as a center of Transyl vanian rail communications was within 70 mites of the leading Russian and Romanian units Its fall would signal the beginning of the battle of Hungary Romanian peasants helped guide Russian scouts on the moun tain trails and reported the loca tion of enemy units front dis patches said The gap between Russian forces and those of Marshal Titos parti sans in Yugoslavia was closing Associated Press Correspond ent Joseph Morton flying up the Danube river from Bucharest de clared Russian columns were well west of Craiova which is 110 miles west of Bucharest and within 50 miles of Yugoslavia The joined armies of Gen Rod ion Y Malinovsky and Fen Feo dor T Tolbufchin captured 60000 Germans near Calarsi about 10 miles from the northern Bulgar ian frontier The soviet communi que said these troops had been sent from Bulgaria as the red army was approaching Bucharest German broadcasts claimed Russian troops have set up bridgeheads on Bulgarian ter ritory There was no confirmation from Moscow lowed it alniost immediately with a semiofficial statement from the soviet Tass news agency denounc ing the Bulgarianstand as unsat isfactory Bulgarias only hope Tass said is not neutrality but collaboration with the allies against Germany Tass said bluntly that the new Bulgarian government was in capable of abandoning neutrality and Joining the antiGerman apparently still struggling to avert a declaration of war against the reich said only that his eovernment would break diplomatic relations with Ger many if the naris attempted to prevent the execution of his new Ramo avii Moscow rebroadcast THE RIVER shows Kehl Germany in a pic ture taken from Strasbourg France A dispatch from the RUMOR CAUSE OF FLURRY Celebrants Quickly Go to Nearest Saloon U S Planes Blast at MajorRhineland Bastions London More than 1250 American war planes swept ahead of the Germanybound allied armies Tuesday and hammered Karls ruhe Stuttgart and Ludwigshafen great Rhineland bastions anchor ing the first line of defense of reich proper London rumor that Ger many by the Brussels radio in the form of a a flurry in Britain Tuesday and provoked ah official denial from supreme invasion headquarters that ihe reich had Upwards ot750 Flying Fortress and Liberators were escorted by some 500 Mustangs 8th air fighter command in the 3 capitulated The Brussels station said the original report was broadcast by a foreign station otherwise un identified The wispy little rumor quickly branded by the British Press asso ciation as untrue and likely to be followed during the next few days andweeksby many similar and telephones and saloon cash reg isters ringing in this victoryeager capital Some enthusiasts were toasting the end of the war the more cautious were checking with newspaper offices Supreme headquarters had no comment except to deny the ru lor The Brussels surrender rumor spawned a great crop of similar phonies in London such as these TJiat the British radio had told listeners to stand by for world shaKing news that parliament had been called into session for 6 p m that the king was to broadcast an important announcement any min ute that Germany was having a revolution and so on None was true but the telephones kept ring assault on the Rhine land area borderinr the noi eastern tip of France Improving weather enabled lied air forces to resume action in a major scale Coastal observ ers reported intense activity Tues day afternoon with all types of ae tiirtiii ui American sea e attack on the Rhineland bombardments reported citieswas described as a combi and Tuesday extending over the 4500 mile length of the mikados direct rsuppolu striking at Germany ing ana promised tnat Hairtrigger celebrants took a troops attempting to quick look at an afternoon head Bulgaria would be 1ne German Surrender Report and headed for the nearest saloon to hoist one before the beer was all out Stories under the provo Dative headline did not make it ad but said confirmation That ut tense citizenry needed and they were off there is no was all the coalition Muraviev IStudebaker Studies Mexicos Work for Ending Illiteracy measures Funeral for Norris Conducted in Small Church in McCook McCook Nebr 600 persons mostly home town friends crowded into McCooks small Methodist church Monday to attend funeral services for George W Norris 83 year old champion of popular rights Another 100 stood silently out side The father of TVA who re turned in 1942 to spend his final years in his comfortable Main street home here after gaining re nown as a liberal during 40 years congressional service was buried in the Norris family plot In Mc cooks Memorial Park Dr Bryant Drake president of Doane college of Crete Nebr traced Norris life from his birth in poverty on an Ohio farm to his return here in 1942 when he said he had never told a lie and my hand has never touched a bribe Buy your War Bonds Mid Stamps from your GlobeGaxettc carrier boy V Mexico City Ward Studebaker U S commissioner of education who is here to study Mexicos educational reforms said at a press conference that he is especially interested in Mexicos attempts to stamp out illiteracy He said this interested him be cause the United States has 10 000000 illiterates He praised President Ayila Camachos plan to eliminate illiteracy by having every Mexican between the ages of 18 and 60 who can read or write to teach at least one other who cant Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair with moderate temperature Tuesday night and Wednesday Moderate winds Minnesota Generally fair Tues day night and Wednesday No decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 80 Minimum Monday night 56 At 8 a m Tuesday 60 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 54 French frontier Tuesday said it was reliably reported American tanks had reached the outskirts of Strasbourg 30 Jap Ships It in Assaults shuttling to and from Panes were wrecked in a blazing of American sea and air Monday the tip of France which British of the most devastating S day periods of the last Wednesday to Sunday Previously reported air actions ran Japans losses for the most spectacular of the day light attacks The heavy bombers blasted the rail yards and repair shops The Ludwigshafen assault was aimed primarily at synthetic oil and chemical resources in a re newal of the effort to constrict the nazis oil potential At Stuttgart the DaimlerBenz aerial engine and medium motor truck plant was the chief target This parent plant of the Daimler Benz chain was believed to be the center of experimental work Advance 68 Miles North From Lyon Rom rench troops sweeping up the Saone valley against ineffective nazi resistance nave reached the outskirts of Macon a wine center 68 road miles north of captured Lyon as the pursuit of Germans fleeing southern France continues allied headquarters said Tuesday The airline distance between Macon and Lyons is 38 miles A new batch of 2400 prisoners taken by the French in their cap ture of Villefranche boosted the total since the landings on the Mediterranean beachheads to more than 65000 The French also reached Saint Bonnet De Bruyeres a town west of Macon while farther east American forces passed through Montrevel There was no serious opposition at Montrevel in contrast to the previous day when the Germans launched a tank supported coun terattack to screen the retreat of the main enemy force northward on highway six toward Chalon and Dijon The nazi counterattack caused some alliedlosses in casualties and prisoners Meanwhile it was disclosed that the American seventh infantry regiment which was organized in Iowa Generally fair through 1798 and saw its first action Wednesday with little change in against the British at Villieres temperature Thursday increas Plantation in Louisiana in 1814 ing cloudiness and warmer waf Participating in the pursuit Oi of the Germans The regiment took part in the north African landings the Si cilian campaign in south Italy and the fighting at Anzio It was one of the first infantry units to en ter Rome Landing in southern France Aug 15 the regiment attacked northeast of Cavalairc and en gaged in many short tough fights with the e n e m y guarding the coastal road At the outbreak of the war the regiment was sta tioned at Ft Lewis Wash By LEONARD MILUMAN Associated Press War Editor Thirty Japanese ships and 107 barges and other small craft were also rippled The heaviest blow was struck by powerful carrier and naval forces striking within 650 miles of Japan in a 3 day bombardment of the Bonin and Volcano islands Bombs rockets and shellfire knocked a dozen Nipponese ships and 85 planes out of action Landbased Liberators followed up to carry the bombardment into 4 consecu tive days Another dozen ships were de stroyed or damaged in the south ern Philippines A single Catalina flying boat attacking an 8 ship convoy in Davao gulf definitely sank 3 and probably 3 others A record 140 ton raid on the Celebes south of the Philippines wiped out between 18 and 22 Jap anese planes 3 sizable ships and 3 coastal craft A fast naval force shelled and bombed Wake island Sunday 2 days after the strike at the Bonin Volcano group 1645 miles to the west without flushing any prey fleet operating in the Pacific MORE ROBOM6S STRIKE ENGLAND Following Respite of 4 Days From Attacks London tJP Britains 4day respite from flying bomb attacks ended abruptly Tuesday when the Germans sent another shower of robots over Londonand southern England shortly before daybreak Both casualties and damage re sultedj a brief announcement said West Front Now 362 Miles From Berlin By the Associated Press The road to Berlin 1 Russian front 322 miles suburbs saw front 3G2 miles from France oGO mile from BourgenBresse 4 Italian front 585 miles from south of Rimini BRITISH TANKS PUSH FORWARD ON ROTTERDAM 50000 to 100000 Nazis Are Caught Along Channel Coast London troops were believed to be stabbing into he Rhine valley beyond the Ger man border in a secrecyshrouded offensive Tuesday Perhaps they are well into the Siegfried line de fense zone This drive which supreme headquarters has kept under a se curity silence for 3 days has had time enough to have penetrated anywhere UD to ta miles A dispatch from the French frontier said it was reliably re ported American tanks had reached the outskirts of the French border city of Strasbourg IN INDIAN TRIBE Yankton S Dak Gen C H Danielson command ing general the seventh serv ice command was initiated into the Sioux Indian tribe at the Rosebud reservation The Indians call Gen Danielson C i n t e short The name means thunderhawk posed only by antiaircraft guns i raids on Paramushiro north of Japan Palau Halmahera Talaud and other Islands protecting the Philippines Truk and Ponape in the Carolines and other Japanese held islands in he Marshall Marianas and Dutch East Indies Six United States planes were reported missing in the entire series of raids Only encouraging reports fo Tokyo came from China Threi Japanese columns advanced t within 40 miles of the U S airbasi at Lingling in southeast China British soldiers advancing to th DIIUMI advancing to tne uuuuiaU oreaa o miles inside riol llte simultaneous use of 2 task Japaneseabandoned town of Sit Iand and to be pushing down the forces indicates the power of the taung in western Burma passed 28 miles to important port of nnafi li nor M nti TIIJT c the bodies of more than 1000 Jap Rotterdam uFuujtiii ui mum man iuuu jap Landbased planes were op anese mostly victims of starvation Hear Aachen and Saarbrucken in Germany Captured At the SwissFrench Frontier reachingthis frontier Tuesday night said the allies had captured Aachen and Sarbracken in Germany No confirmation of this report was forthcoming from supreme in vasion headquarters which has maintained almost complete si lence for several days on opera tions in the FrenchGerman border district Supreme headquarters ex plained the blackout on informa tion was in force to keep the Ger mans baffled over the direction ij speedoL theAmerican ad vance There ivere no new advices Tuesday night on Strasbourg Rhine river city Earlier Tuesday American tanks were reported to have reached the outskirts ot Strasbourg Both Aachen and Saarbrucken are from 3to 5miles within the German border Straslours is in France Aachen AixLaChapeile is a city of 165000 on the main route which the Germans used in invad ing France in 1940 Saarbrucken is in the Saar basin and is an industrial city of 135000 The center of rich coal and iron mines it was occupied by the al lies after the last war and return ed to Germany in the Saar plebis cite on the Rhine 70 miles east of Nancy and that fighting was in progress on German soil around Saarbrucken Other unofficial re ports said the Americans had crossed the German frontier at 3 places on a100mile front To the north a British flying column which captured Brussels and Antwerp in a 48hour border toborder sweep across Belgium was reported to have raced through Breda 5 miles inside Hoi Breda with a population 50 St Quenlm V Compiegne Reims ALLIES INVADE NETHERLANDSArrow to Breda indicates advance by allies to that town Other arrows indicate directions of allied advances ;