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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 5, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SKRV1CE MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 5 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 285 Shippings Path Rough Building Costly in America Sailors Paid Highly This is the second of two ar ticles on the American merchant marine By CHARLES F STEWART i ASHINGTON American m e r cantile marine has suffered from two influences In the first place since the early clipper ship days when Yan kee craft were foremost on the oceans inland development has offered larger re wards than for eign trade Con sequently nation al enterprise has turned inward rather than out ward Secondly Americas system of high protective tariffs has made shipbuilding in the United States about 50 per cent more costly than abroad American repairs have been correspondingly more expensive And American sailors have been un available except at American rates of wages All these charges have been so stiff that American mer chant bottoms simply have not been able to compete with foreign lands more cheaply built and operated vessels Protection will work within tariff walls but not outside them on the free seas WarTime Status Uncle Sam has indeed protected a little coastal snipping by prohib iting foreign craft from carrying freight or passengers between intra American ports but he has been powerless insofar as concerns inter national commerce And coastal traffic has been insufficient to maintain a merchant marine of much consequence Thus when the last war broke out the United States practically had no mercantile fleet There was a tremendous over seas demand for American goods but no American ships to trans port them And thebelligerents ships which previously had been doing the carrying were too busy in the war zone to do the business Of course this situation was im mensely aggravated when the United states entered the struggle Of Poor Quality American yards began shipbuild ing at fever heat but a ship can not be built in a minute Neverthe less a merchant fleet of consider able size but of poor quality was created With war ended Americans real ized that merchant vessels really are vitally important to a nation in an emergency they cant al ways be hired from foreigners But the same old difficulty pre sented itself A highly protected country cannot compete in the open with a cheaper country In the matter of shipping the protected countrys only recourse obviously is to subsidize its to make up by government grant to the American shipowners the differential between what they are penalized and the foreigners ad vantage Subsidy Has Failed The government tried it Subsidization was attempted largely through contracts for mail carrying There were many cases in which the delivery of a letter under a 5 cent stamp to a foreign addres see was paid for at the rate of several thousands of dollars The subsidized folk were sup posed to put their money into construction but did not do put it into operation instead There are stories too that they put some of it into their own pock ets No Commission Vet Anyway the American mercan tile marines status by the reck oning of all experts today is about down to its level of 1914 when it was nearly zero The last congress endeavored to bring it up to a safety figure Its aim was pretty honest It provides a commission of five members to guarantee legitimate subsidies But President Roosevelt has not yet appointed the commission AVIATRIX SPANS OCEAN CRASHES Spanish Loyalists Beaten in CounterAttack RESISTANCE TO REBELS AT RUN FINALLY BROKEN Germany Puts Bismarck on London Neutrality Committee By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Government resistance in the rebel captured city of Irun col lapsed Saturday after an unsuccess ful counterattack while the new Spanish government in Madrid sub ordinated all political interests to the military emergency Germany appointed Prince Otto von Bismarck grandson of the Iron Chancellor to sit on the pro posed London neutrality committee while foreign diplomats at Saint Jean de Luz abandoned their efforts to humanize the Spanish civil The abandonment decision was made after the Madrid government politely rejected the diplomats proposals that the Spanish bellige rents exchange hostages rather than execute them The government forces swept back toward charred Irun and again seized the approach to the interna tional bridge into France Hundreds of their comrades who had fled to France forded the Bidassoa river and swarmed rebel positions before the insurgents had had a chance to fortify them securely In Early Morning The rebels rallied quickly how ever and drove the government mil itiamen from the international bridge with heavy casualties The government attack came dur ing the early morning hours with a hail of shot and shell Dodging low before the answer ing fusilades they charged in the semidarkness at first taking the rebel soldiers by surprise Landon for Labor Right to Organize Says Hoover May Stop for Visit After His Eastern Trip TOPEKA Alf M Landon said Saturday in a Labor day proclamation that labor should be free to organize for fair consid eration xxx forever free from gov ernmental or any other form of co Simultaneously with issuance of the proclamation the republican nominee told that former Hoover who a press conference President Herbert Friday night an nounced his intention to speak for the Kansan may stop off for a visit on his way back west after his eastern trip I talked with Mr Hoover Wed nesday over the Landon said Give Due Regard In his proclamation proclaiming Monday as Labor day earnestly requesting the people of Kansas to lay aside their business cares and join with the various trades organ isations in fittingly celebrating this holiday dedicated to the Landon said Under our American system of government groups may organize and freely expound their views With that in mind let us listen closely to labor as it speaks on this day and give due regard and cred ence to its utterances This day has no room in it for class divisions and prejudices No good citizen would contribute to them Frontier Was Done In 1890 the frontier was gone and the covered wagon a memory but the people of this state still be lieved in sound character hard work and free enterprise In 1936 they will join as gladly in a tribute to these qualities and ideals that made this a great state At his press conference Landon was asked about Hoovers announce ment that he talked with him by Bringing Coals to Newcastle Things were made easy for the GlobeGazette news staff Saturday afternoon when a Ford model A pickup owned and driven by Dallas Comstock 670 Ninth street southeast waited until it was almost oppo site the front of the newspaper building on East State street before bursting into flames The fact that the truck was used in servicing refrigerators seemed to be of little aid to the firemen but they extinguished the blaze in a few seconds after arriving at the scene In record time The truck was not seriously damaged A defective gasoline line In the motor was thought to be the cause of the fire The car was not covered by insurance Lock Photo Kaye nay Engraving SAYS WEST AND PROBLEMS CLEARER TO telephone and would speak during The rebel cannon blasting away navr thu lne campaign I talked with he replied Did you call Mr Hoover or did he call you Ive discussed that May Have Meeting Later the presidential candidate was asked whether he expected to see the former president In the natural course of events I may have a meeting with Landon replied He may stop off on Iris way home I hope to see him on his way at the counterattackers near the French frontier dropped several shells near the French customs house at the international bridge The war ministry meanwhile re ported victories of government troops in Toledo province against fascist Madrid columns driving toward lowan Charged With Liquor Violation Dies of Acute Alcoholism CRESTON Plummer 53 of Creston free on bond after being charged with violating the liquor control act died at his home here Saturday Dr A S Beatty said Plummers death was caused by acute alcohol ism Federal officers Tuesday raid ed a storeroom adjoining Plummers barber shop and found six gallons of alcohol Claims Advance Halted The government declared the reb el advance had been halted by their own troops which were consolidat ing positions in trenches about 40 miles northeast of Toledo where government artillery renewed bom bardment of the besieged Alcazar Eight hundred government sol diers returned to the Spanish front from France to which they had fled during the rebel attack on Irun The soldiers were transported from Hendaye France to Perpig nan France by the govern ment and allowed to cross the fron tier to Barcelona Parisian communists threatened a general strike in France if the arms embargo were not lifted so that they could send guns and planes to the Madrid cause SLAYING VICTIM FOUND IN ROAD Manager of Mountain Taxi Service in N Y Shot Five Times LOCH SHELDRAKE N The body of a man who had been shot five times was found sprawled in a dirt road beside a large auto mobile here early Saturday State police said an automobile drivers license found in his wallet bore the name of Irving Ashkenas 34 of Brooklyn The victim had been shot twice over the heart once back of the left ear once in the left cheek and once in the right side The scene of the shooting is near the training camp used in the Past by Jim Braddock world heavy weight champion Cards found in the pockets indi cated the man was the manager of the Ashway Mountain service a taxi line running between New York and Sullivan county summer re sorts Sergeant Thomas J Mangan of the state noliM said LOOK INSIDE FOR SIGISMUND LEVANEVSKY Says Permanent U S Russia Airline Possible ON PAGE 2 Completing Plans for James Roosevelt Visit ON PAGE 16 P League Will Extend Its Activities ON PAGE 16 Accounting in Morling Estate Trust Sought ON PAGE 8 John Monk Hert Lead Mohawks Sept 18 ON PAGE a IOWA KIDNAPER GIVEN 5 YEARS Youth 17 Who Wanted to Go West Will Have to Put Off Trip SIOUX CITY Sam uel Small 17 year old Bouton youth who kidnaped Merris Warfield and Mary Belle Moore a young couple Friday because he wanted to go will have to postpone his trip Small was sentenced to five years in the state reformatory at Ana rcosa on a plea of guilty Saturday by Judge Robert H Munger in dis trict court Federal authorities de clined to prosecute because of Smalls youth They turned the con fessed kidnaper over to the state court Sheriff Fred L Wilkins of Boone county said he had proof that Small held up and robbed J E Wil kins a farmer living in Boone coun ty of and a 1936 coupe on Aug 31 of this year To Seek Indictment He said he would ask for an in dictment in Boone county on a charge of robbery with aggravation and would file a hold order with the warden at Anamosa When Small leaves Anamosa on expiration if his sentence he might be required to face the charge of robbery with aggravation and if convicted would be liable to a sen tence of 25 years in prison the sheriff said The young couple had been parked near the Floyd monument and at the point of a gun were forced to drive Small about the country dur ing the night finally reaching Ver del Friday morning At Ver del Miss Moore escaped She sum moned help and a short time later Small was captured by a posse Wanted to Go West Because Small had crossed a state line the kidnaping was a violation of the Lindbergh law and federal agents were called into the case by County Attorney Maurice Rawlings Projected Strike of Coal Miners in Wales Called Off LONDON miners fed eration Saturday called off a pro jected strike of coal miners in South Wales The federation announced its de cision had been reached during last minute efforts to mediate the dis pute The strike had been set for Monday HitchHiker Hunted as Slaying Suspect LA JOLLA hitch hiker was hunted as a suspect in the lust killing of Ruth Muir 48 year old social worker in a seaside lovers cove Monday night Detective Lieut Joe Jobbing of San Diego said San Bernardino officers had been informed by a reputable citizen a hitchhiker told him his partner committed a murder at La Jolla and intends to SOUTHWEST IOWA HAS HEAVY RAINS Bedford in Heart of Iowa Drought Area Reports Over 4 Inches DESMQINES X Soaking rains amounting to more than four inches in some localities drenched central and southwestern Iowa dur ing the last 24 hours Bedford in the heart of the Iowa drought area in Taylor county re ported the heaviest precipitation of inches More than three inches of rain feli in Montgomery county to the northwest of Taylor which also is in the drought area Small streams dried up during the blistering heat of July and ear ly August again were filled Water supplies over the area although never dangerously low this year were replenished Boon to Pastures The heavy rains proved a boon to fall pasture and late hay crops al though they came too late to help corn Land hitherto too dry for fall plowing was put into shape for breaking and planting to fallsown crops Clouds mantled all of the state Saturday the weather bureau re ported and it rained at Mason City Sioux City Charles City and Keo kuk 4 Other Points At least four points other than Bedford received more than three inches of rainfall Mount Ayr re ported inches Harlan Red Oak and Carroll Reports of other heavy rains came from Ames inches An ita Belmond Boone Creston Guthrie Center Oakland and Webster City Des Moines where the deficiency in precipitation has been more than nine inches since Jan 1 received inches the heaviest fali since Aug 4 kill all Catholics and Episcopal FORECAST IOWA Unsettled Saturday night and Sunday showers prob able in east portion not much change in temperature Monday probably showers MINNESOTA Unsettled show ers probable in east and north portions Saturday night and Sun day with somewhat cooler in1 northwest partly cloudy Monday INMASONCITY Weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Saturday Maximum Friday 80 degrees Minimum in night 63 degrees At 8 a m Saturday 65 degrees Precipitation J58 of an Inch WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO weather out look for the period Sept 7 to 12 For the Upper Mississippi and the Lower Missouri Valleys Showers eastern and southern portions Mon day followed by fair with showers again Thursday or Friday cooler Monday or Tuesday warmer Wed nesday and Thursday Speaks at Indianapolis as He Nears Close of Drought Tour INDIANAPOLIS President Roosevelt told an Indiana state fair crowd here Saturday he was going back to Washington with a broader knowledge of the wests problems and a stronger purpose to continue the work of cooperation with state arid local Facing a packed grandstand from his automobile in the middle of the race track the president said he would carry on the idea of collabor ation between federal and local governments to the end that the country will be a happier better and safer place to live in for our selves and our He said he had a very mixed feeling because he would much rather stay here at the fair and see One of the penalties of being there are a num ber of that you cant go to the state he asserted Missed County Fair The president said he had even missed his county fair this year I was brought up in the atmos phere of he said because my father while I was still a boy was still trotting horses on the grand He said he was grateful for the opportunity of getting around the United States seeing problems at first hand and added the trip had taught him a number of things After an orchestra played the Star Spangled Banner and a group of men and women sang Gov Paul V McNutt of Indiana stood up in the presidents car and presented him as one who had contributed greatly to recovery and as our friend the The president visited the fair after touring a dozen or more fed eral construction projects Rides With Governor Sitting in an open car with Gov ernor McNutt Mayor John W Kern of Indianapolis and Dr Carleton B McClouch WPA administrator he waved his Panama hat to thousands along the sun baked route from the Union station where a great cheer went up as he started away The tour was preliminary to the final drought conference of his mile dust bowl the Athletic club with Governors Mc Nutt Martin L Davey of Ohio Frank D Fitzgerald of Michigan A B Chandler of Kentucky and the senators from those states As at Des Moines where he met Governor Landon his republican ri val and six other state heads the president received the governors in the order in which the states enter ed the union Saturday Kentucky was first fol lowed by Ohio Indiana and Michi gan Cheers Greet F K Cheers greeted the chief execu tive all aong the habitable part of the 20 mile motor trip from the de pot to the Athletic club Bushels of torn paper floated from office buildings Doesnt he look grand one wo man said At one project the presidential procession moved through a nation al guard warehouse lined with sol diers in khaki and WPA workers in blue denims His car was also driven into the grounds of the James Whitcomb hospital for children where he got a glimpse of its therapeutic pool through a window Patients in Beds Patients in beds dotted the wide lawn and nurses in crisp white uni forms crowded about the car as it came to a stop The president shook hands and spoke to a little crippled tot who bashfully gave his name as Lar Other projects visited including wading pools reconstructed bridges over the White river and a river levee the Flower Mission hospital and the Lockfield gardens slum clearance project As he passedthrough the Indian Dean Choice of Demos for Iowa Senate EARL DEAN Earl Dean received the democrat ic nomination for state senator from the Fortythird district comprising Cerro Gordo Franklin and Hancock counties on the first ballot of the district convention held Friday night in the Y M C A Mr Dean was nominated to fill a vacancy caused by the death of tie late J Killmer On the first ballot Leo Carle re ceived S 23 votes and Mr Dean re ceived the remainder of 38 13 vote Cerro Gordo had 26 votes Hancock 11 and Franklin 10 Mr Dean who will be opposed by the republican candidate John Rob inson of Mason City in the Novem ber election served as state repre sentative from Cerro Gordo county from 1932 to 1934 For many years Mr and Mrs Dean have been prominent in farm bureau work in Cerro Gordo county and boys and girls 4H work Mr Dean was vice president of the coun ty farm bureau organization for a number of years and for several years has had charge of the 4H club work at the North Iowa fair Mr Dean lives on a farm south east of Mason City At the district convention mat ters of general interest to the dem ocratic party were discussed Plans were announced for James Roose velt day Sept 12 when it is expected a record breaking crowd will gather for the program at the fairgrounds Have You Read Your Newspaper apolis Harlem a trio of Negroes played jazz music on the sidewalk and a women held up a large sign labeled Franklin D rods Gift to Further along in the Fall Creek ooulevard section a man yelled Hurray for Chandler and Aides Gov Happy Chandler and his aides entered the presidential suite 1 What situation was discussed by President Roosevelt and gov ernors and representatives of sev en states at Des Moines 2 What did Dick Merrill and HarryRichman do 3 Who was criticized by an edi torial in the Osservatore Romano Vatican newspaper 4 What nation was indignant at the reported execution of one of its citizens by Spanish social ists 5 Who won the Legion open golf title here 6 The stepson of what cabi net member committed suicide 7 Where will the Iowa Associa tion of Chiefs of Police hold its convention this month 8 In what country is Irun 9 At what Iowa town did Gov ernor Landon get shaved 10 What nation announced it would retain submarine tonnage in excess of the expiring naval treaty ration ANSWERS ON PAGE 2 BERYL MMAM REPORTEDDOWN IN NOVA SCOTIA Succeeds in Attempt to Be First Woman to Make Trip Copjrishf 1930 by The Associated NEW Beryl Mark ham blond English flyer apparent ly was successful Saturday in her attempt to be the first woman to make an eastwest solo flight of the Atlantic ocean but was believed to have crashed in a forced landing in Nova Scotia The Canadian Press said the fly ers plane The Messenger crashed at Baliene Cove near Louisburg about p m CST The source of its information was a resident of Baleine Cove A telephone call by the Associated Press to the telephone operator at Louisburg elicited the information that a woman identifying herself as Mrs Markham said she had crashed at Baleine Cove Unhurt in Landing Miss Edith McGinness the opera tor at the little Gape Breton island town said the woman who called her said she was unhurt in the land ing save for scratches on her face At the request of the caller Miss McGinness said a call was put through to the Cape Breton Air club asking that the club send an auto mobile to Baleine Cove The reported crash took place about 24 hours and 30 minutes after Mrs Markham confident of success in reaching Floyd Bennett field soared away in the tiny ship from Seen Over Cape Race At a Saturday a plane identified as hers by its light blue color was reported speeding southeast over Cape Race New foundland Thereafter no further reports came from the northeast coast Crowds gathered at Floyd Bennett field anticipating her arrival but aviators shook their heads and re marked her gasoline supply could last her scarcely long enough to reach her goal MERRILL AND RICHMAN MAY START AT DAWN LONDON Sunday was set as the possible time when Dick Merrill and Harry Richman Ameri can transAtlantic flyers may take off on a return flight to New York The flyers declared they hoped to leave if their plane was ready and the weather favorable They said they were considering transferring the ship from Croydon airport to another airdrome where a longer and smoother runway would be available They suggested the Abingdon airport from which Mrs Beryl Markham took off on a west ward ocean flight Friday on the sixth floor of the Athletic club for the first drought meeting A luncheon in honor of the chief executive at the club was arranged beforehe left for his train He was scheduled to leave the city for Washington at 3 p m Central Standard Time and to make sev eral rear platform appearances in Indiana and Ohio before nightfall The stops were not officially an nounced beforehand but it was un derstood he would pause at Con nersville and Hamilton Ohio Saturdays speech at the fair grounds was the presidents twenty third since he left Washington Aug 25 EVEN CHANCE FOR FLYER AND WIFE Benny and Maxine Howard in Hospital After Crash of Racing Plane CROWN POINT N Speed Pilot Benny Howard and his Maxine 22 who were brought ncre after lying four hours in their wrecked plane appeared to have an even chance for life Dr Max E Feldman Indian service physician said Saturday He said the couple a satisfactory night although loward was still somewhat irra tional In delirium the flyer kept asking How is my plane The plane Mister which Howard constructed became a twisted mass in a forced landing as the two were leading in the Ben dix air dash from New York to Los Angeles Friday Because supersti tious Indians refused to go near it was five hours before theinjured couple reached the hospital from the crash scene 40 miles awayl A rag stuffed in a hole apparently ruptured in the gas tank behind the pilots seat told of efforts to avert fire during the agonizing hours the two were imprisoned before help was summoned by an Indian trader bis wife and another white couple Howards legs were fractured be low the knee Pending the arrival of Dr J D Lamon Albuquerque phy sician and definite word from How ards relatives Indian service phy sicians withheld a decision whether to amputate either of the severely crushed members His blueeyed wife suffered brok en and ;