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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, September 04, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 4, 1945, Mason City, Iowa QA VOL U DEPARTMENT OF ORY AND ARCHIYtS THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH NEIGHBORS EPTEMBER I 1945 Agoclated Puss and United Press Full Leased Wires CFlve Cents a Copy ThlA Pacer ConsMj oJ Two One NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME coasuu ot TWO One JJO ZK ALLIES POUR INTO JAPAN CONGRESS HAS PROBLEMS FOR FIRST SESSION Jobless Compensation Among Main Items in Peacetime Meeting Washington Congress starts its first peacetime session j in almost 4 years Wednesday Facing the lawmakers returning from vacations cut short by wars end wiirbe 5 administration tagged must proposals dealing with i 1 Jobs for everyone willing and able to work Congressional com mittees have been grappling with this socalled full em ployment some time They hope to work out a plan of icooperation between government j labor industry and agriculture to create work for the millions idle or facing idleness because of the shutdown of war industries Just how long it will take to chart a plan or how effective the plan will be is uncertain 2 tin employ meat compensation Senate and house committees are working on proposals to pay as much as weekly for C weeks to workers unable to find jobs The administration is behind the plan but congress is cooling oft on it The issue may touch off President Trumans first big bat tle with capital hill 3 Surplus property disposal A bill to substitute a single admin istrator for the 3man board now in charge of getting rid of war born surpluses will be ready for house action nest week There may be a fight over how much aur the administrator should A CReorganization of executive agencies Mr Truman wants au r fhorityto abolishor merge many agencies The house expenditures committee starts hearings Tues day on the proposal But com mittee sentiment favors limiting the presidents reorganization power and exempting such agen cies as the interstate commerce commission the general account ing office and the federal com munications commission 5 Termination of wartime con trols and laws Many emergency acts are nearing expiration and congress must decide which to retain Prospects are the 2nd war powers act from which rationing and priorities stem will be kep on the statute books Also it ap pears that the draft act will be permitted to run its natural course to next May 15 k Temporary Eldora School Head MASON CITYAN ARRIVED MONDAY Sgt James P Preftakes son o Mr and Mrs Peter Preftakes 40 West State was due to have ar rived in New York Monday on th Marine Raven according to an AP dispatch received here Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continue warm Tuesday night an Wednesday Iowa Generally fair Tuesda Tuesday night and Wednesda Warmer southeast Tuesday an in north Wednesday Minnesota Generally fair Tues day night and Wednesday ex cept partly cloudy with sea tcred showers northwest portio Tuesday night and in extrem north portion Wednesday Warmer north portion Tuesda night and Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistic Maximum Monday 75 Minimum Monday 58 At 8 a m Tuesday 62 Precipitation 01 YEARAGO Maximum 88 Minimum 55 GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Sunday 77 Minimum Sunday 55 At 8 a m Monday 59 YEAR AGO Maximum 82 Minimum 60 GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Saturday 84 Minimum Saturday 45 At 8 a m Sunday 50 YEAR AGO Maximum 83 Minimum 57 Des Moines Robert D ue announced Tuesday that Col ercy Lainson warden of the Iowa enitentiary at Fort Madison and rmer chief of staff of the Iowa ational guard had teen appaint d temporary supervisor at the EI ora Training School for Boys The appointment the governor mtinued is temporary and Lain m will continue his duties at the enitentiary The announcement ime after an early morning can rence called by the governor of ainson members of the board F control ivhicb Has jurisdiction rer the training school and peni ntiary and Chief R W Jllof the state bureau of crimi al investigation Referring to Lainson the gov nor said He has been given lull authpr y to take any corrective action lat is necessary Lainson took up his new duties mmediately after the conference e succeeds Lt Col D W Moss edar Falls as temporary super wtendent Reporting on the situation at EU ora Chief Nebergall said that a olicy of segregation had been laced in effect at the school rouble makers and escapees have een placed in separate cottages way from the other boys he said Nebergall also pointedout that le state is working closely with Hardin county officials hi their rand jury probe of the Eldora ituation Colonel Moss was placed in harge after the suspension Mon ay of O S Von Krog superin endent of the Eldora school The olgeiel is the commanding officer f four companies of state guards ailed to the institution after a iotand escape of 179 boys last Jaturday1 the death of a 17 year Id inmate Ronald Miller and the jscape of 9 more boys Thursday hirtyseven more boys escaped Saturday night but all exceptIS o 18 now have been apprehended Col Arthur T Wallace chief of taff of the state guard announced Tuesday that 2 of the guard com anies which have been stationed t the school since last Friday vere relieved Tuesday morning Von Krog declared Monday tight I have had no chance to defend myself Vou Krog denied that he had any knowledge of his employes using excessive disciplinary meas ures He said that corporal pun shment at the institution had been steadily reduced but said he be feved that paddling tinder su pervision is the only sort of dis cipline some boys understand The school superintendent was suspended for what Governor Blue IOWA HAS ONLY CAR DEATHS COL PERCY LAINSON termed were unjustifiably severe disciplinary measures taken at the school The governor said that Von Krog must have known ot the excessive disciplinary meas ures Von Krog superintendent for 22 years was the third member of the school staff to be sus pended since last Wednesdays riot followed bv 3 mass es capes The riot followed the death of Ronald Miller 17year old inmate who died from what Coroner E H Biersborn said was a blow on the head All the rabble is talking now Von Krog declared Monday night He said a lack of funds was the basis for the present trouble As serting that 20 years ago I start ed asking for a 52000000building proigiam and I kept What Ive got in that time fs one cottage and 550000 for an addition to the school The suspended superintendent sad he had lacked the funds nntl it was too late to pay salaries that would attract the right kind of employes employes have quit Von Krog insisted in protest of treat ment of the boys as has been re ported Lightning Does Hit Same Place Lansing 111 o St Johns Lutheran church invit all believers that lightning doeb not strike in the same place twice to join the congregation The church has been hit by thun derbolts 4 times in the last 3 years OVER HOLIDAY 5 Persons Die From Other Causes During Labor Day Weekend By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS As lowans observed their first loliday without gasoline ration ing since 1942 2 traffic fatalities were reported in the state over the 3day Labor day holidaj Two persons drowned and 3 died from other causes to bring the death total to 7 MelvinKnapp 24 Melvin Iowa trucker died Monday night from injuries suffered when the automobile in which he was riding crashed into a gasoline pump at the edge of Hartley A blowout was believed to have caused the crash Andy Blair 70 Norwalk Iowa was injured fatally in an auto mobile collision Surfday night in West Des Moines dying Monday in a Des Moines hospital He suf fered a fractured skull Charlene Wittenmeyer 3 daugh ter of Mr and Mrs Charles Wit tenmeyer Davenport drowned in the Maquoketa river Sunday while bathing with friends An army board of inquiry was to be appointed Tuesday to inves tigate the death of WAG Pvt Ellen R Yochum 24 of Louisville Ky who died at a Davenport hospital Monday night after she was fonnd lyingr unconscious on the floor of a Scott county jail cell the mat tress of her cot on fire At Rock Island arsenalTit was said lit Samuel Kaufinan had man inquiry Into the girlsdeath At Fort Des Moines wBefe the privatehad been training Capt Kathryn Stull public relations of ficer said that the girl had been A W O L one day She was picked up Monday by deputy sheriffs as she was hitchhiking east of Walcott The girl was found by George Thode jailer when he brought in her supper She died shortly after being taken to the hospital Other holiday victims in Satur day accidents were Harold Krog er 17 Audubon thrown under a tractor Dick Smalley 9 who suf focated when he fell into a bin of shelled corn on the Arnold Pet erson farm near Story City and Tommy Howard 4 drowned in the Des Moines river race at Otlumwa ATOMIC DEVASTATION IN workers foreground carry away Sebris in a devastated area in NagasakiJapanese industrial city in southwest Kyushu after the atomic bombing Smokestacks and a lone building stand in the back ground This picture the first ground view of atomic bomb damage was obtained from files of Bomei official Jap news agency fe First Visitors See Only Mass Rubble in Hiroshima By VERN HAtJGLAND Hiroshima Japan cars rattle along the streets where lot a single building stands A few deadpan civilians peddle slowly hrough the rubble Block after block contains only a thin covering of rusting tin a few stones and some broken bricks The twisted frames of less than a dozen buildings stand forlornly alone in the midst of ruin that was once touted as Japans most modernized city That was the I saw Tuesday with the first American jestwar visitors tothe worlds first target of the We landed iri at and drove irr cars providedBythe Japanese For its size no city in the world wnsLso completely wiped out by bombs as was this warswollen metropolis of 400000 whose heart was smashed completely by a single application of atomic power The Freed POWs Reveal Tortures By SPENCER DAVIS Yokohama Americans freed from the hellholes ol Japan told their stories of starvation brutality and torture Tuesday to LtGen Robert L Eichelberger commanding 8th army occupation forces and names of Japanese re sponsible were added steadily to a rowing warcriminals list The navy simultaneously sent a hospital ship 4 transports a cruiser and 4 rescue destroyers to Hamamatsu 120 miles southwest of Tokyo to evacuate other hun dreds of allied prisoners These ships earlier had helped evacuate approximately 1500 from Hie Tokyo area Due Tuesday afternoon were 462 others being brought to Yoko hama from the Ashio prison camp and plans were rushed for release of 3000 more at Niigata a west coast port In northern Honshu and northernmost Hokkaido an estimated 11500 await liberation Eighty per cent of the 2000 al ready examined here are in se rious condition medical officers said Carrier planes of the U S 3rd fleet searched Japan for others Jf Hf LIBERATED PRISONER GETS PHYSICAL CHECKUP Cpl Leopold A Kulikowski of Muskegon Mich prisoner of the Japanese at Bataan and Corregidor gets a physical checkup by Lt Comdr G Clark of Reno Nev aboard the hospital ship Benevolence in Tokyo bay AP wirephoto via navy and spotted 60 excited prisoners Waving wildly from a camp at Hikone village 50 miles west of Nagoya Adm Sir Bruce Fraser com manding the British Pacific fleet also was checking lists of his own captured nationals and reported approximately 29100 British com monwealth internees in camps within his jurisdiction They in clude about 12500 in Japan 8000 in Pacific islands 4200 in the Yangtze valley of China 3000 in Formosa 3000 in Shanghai 2000 in Hans Kong and 1500 in Korea he said Including 8000 Americans there are an estimated 360DU al lied prisoners in Japan General Eichelberger and 2 of ficers of the general headquarters war crimes branch listened with shocked gravity to stories of the prisoners they interviewed Tues day aboard the hospital ship Ben evolence One man was not there to tel his story He was a B29 pilot from Salt Lake City who had been brought aboard the ship from Omori prison camp dying Pella gra and the mistreatment he had suffered from prison guards brought death shortly after his rescue said the chief medical of ficer Capt Frederick L McDan iel Alexandria Va Virtually all the patients were suffering from extreme malnutri tion and other beriberi dysentery malaria tu berculosis and various fevers Al had been beaten and many hac been denied medical attention nn fil now Eichelberger saw an old frienc among the Stand ley Livingston James who had attended West Point 2 classes ahead ot him and exclaimed I wouldnt have known him Military inquiry teams mean while redoubled their efforts to complete lists of war criminals while medical men promised th liberated Americans the speedies possible return to their homes buildings once the most modern of the Japanese empire were aimply split apart as from an ordinary demolition leveled over the ground By contrast Bremen Hamburg and Berlin seem almost un touched All that remains of the once impressive local palace of the emperor is a 3foot pile of concrete very faintly resembling the base of a building Of the few recognizable pieces of building still standing only one remains of possible service In it Hiroshimas banks have set up counters and there several hnn dred Japanese waited to do busi ness each in the particular sec tion of rain selected by his bank to set np shop The Japanese newspapermen who had visited the city shortly after the leveling told me that the residents of Hiroshima hate yqu and think you the most fiend ish cruel people on earth chief of the told us we Hirokuni Dadai police prefecture might be attacked but we were not Pedestrians and cyclists stared blankly but docilely as our party wandered for 2 hours through the ruins photographing and staring in awe at the dam age done by a single bomb The news of the bombing was withheld at first from the people of Japan newsmen told us because the destruction was so great that it was feared much cri ticism would arise fromthe lack of protection Only one air raid shelter in the entire city escaped the attack That was an army headquarters shelter under 18 feet of earth and concrete The Japanese 2nd army head quarters was wiped out however and a number of generals were killed Dadai who was the first to telephone the news of the atomic bombing to Tokyo on Aug 6 and then assisted in aiding the wounded said we expect the death toll to pass 80000 The death toil now has mounted past 53000 with many only slightly wounded dying from no apparent cause Two Englishspeaking guides accompanied us on the tour One said he was a former resident of Sacramento Cal and the other was a physician who said his brother formerly was a member of the Japanese embassy staff in Washington D C The physician said any of the survivors who had been shocked by the atomic bomb were in dan ger That even slight scratches or trams became infected induced fevers and both internal and ex ternal bleeding and many died ol apparently minor barns No counteragent for any of the atomic bomb after symptoms have been discovered he said British Ships Are Anchored at Singapore Kandy Ceylon British warships rode at anchor in the larbor of Singapore Tuesday for the first time in more than 3 years and word was expected riere momentarily that occupation forces had landed to take over the once mighty naval base from the surrendering Japanese Triumphant entry of the British vessels was announced Monday night by the southeast Asia com mand which said that landing forces would go ashore as soon as preliminary arrangements had been completed Leading the squadron into the bay was the cruiser Cleopatra flying the flag of Admiral Sir Ar thur Power commander of the East Indies station She was ac companied by light fleet units including a flotilla of minesweep ers which had been engaged in clearing Malacca Strait and the approaches to Singapore 15 Cases of Polio in City Says Officer All gossip and rumors to the contrary the number of cases of polio in Mason City thusfar in 1S45 stood at 15 it was stated by Dr C M Franchere city health director Tuesday The figures showed 2 additional cases over theweekend One was reported SundaXiand theother Tuesday morning Both of these have been taken to the University hospital at Iowa City Irt commenting on the rumors that the number of cases was much greater than the figure re ported Dr Franchere stated My office has been bombarded with calls on the polio situation My answer has always been that the law requires that all physi cians report their cases of polio immediately to the health di rector and that the health director keep the records of such cases The GlobeGazettes reports on the number of cases are from these records MACARTHURS TROOPSOCCUPY TOKYO FRIDAY Allied Commander Gives Authority to Requisition Anything Soldiers Need By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A hundred thousand Americans will be in Japan by nightfall Japanese radioreports said Tues day and MacArthur gave his armies authority to requisition anything they need within Japa nese territorial limits His forces are scheduled to oc cupy Tokyo itself on Friday Mac Arthur ordered the Japanese to luru over all prisoner of war camps to the highest ranking of ficer interned in each with au thority to demand of the Japanese whatever food or medical care his camp required Details of the march into Tokyo will be outlined radio reports said at a meeting the Japanese first army commander with Lt Gen Robert L Eichelberger American 8th army commander at Yokohama Wednesday U S 7th fleet units meanwhile reached Russianheld Dairen Manchuria in a thusfar futile search for highhanking prisoners from Guam Wake and Corregidor reported Associated Press Corre spondent John Graver He found the port city com pletely under Russian control and irtually undamaged Japanese of ered no resistance as soviet forces moved in with the aid of Ameri Nosey Bite Los Angeles VJ Day casualties Clifford W Brockman 36 a met al worker went to a party cele brating the end of the war with Japan He said an unidentified man crashed the party and when he Brockman tried to evict him pulled a knife Another guest dis armed the intruder who riot before he had leaped upon Brockman and bitten off the tip of his nose Buy yonr War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Get First Word From Jap POW Taken at Corregidor Cpl John D CanneUa Writes From Manchuria f Nothing About Release The first word received directly from their son Marine Cpl John D Cannella since he was taken prisoner by the Japs at Corregidor in May 1942 has come to his par ents Mr and Mrs Frank Cannella 415 Sth S W in the form of a typed postcard bearing the cor porals signature Thf message said nothing ol his being released and as yet there has been no word from any source to that effect The card was written from Camp Hoten Manchuria but gives no date of writing It is believed how ever to be in answer to a message sent from here a couple of weeks ago which might possibly have reached Cp Cannella after the Red Cross began flying special mes sages from Chungking to Man churia a short time ago Cpl Cannella had written he was well and could take it CPL JOHN D CANNELLA He said that many things had hap pened which no doubt were known liere bat he was al right and not to worry about him Cannella was with the marines in Shanghai at the outbreak of the war with the Japanese He was sent to Bataan peninsula and was transferred to Corregidor when that peninsula fell Ha was report ed QffieiaUyi missing when Cor regidor fell and later was stated t be interned in the Manila bay area Cannella enlisted with the ma rines in Des Moines on Jan 6 1940 His last letter had come from Shanghai where he had been sta tioned nearly 2 years At that tim he had written they were havin much trouble with the Japs an lendlease vehicles and sea lanes Fresh American landings rang ng from the shores of Tokyo Bay o southern Honshu and southern tapstKyushu proceeding addingto flow of liberated irisoners from whose stories of orture growing lists of Japanese var criminals were being com liled In China Americantrained roops of Chinas crack new 6th rmy were to land from trans iort planes at Nanking Tuesday eady for the final surrender here Thursday of all Japanese in China Other Chinese forces lowed quietly into several other ities that once were Japanese strongholds American planes already were anding at Kanoya on Kyushu md surface units sent troops ishore at Takusu on Kyushus lagoshima Bay while a distant yphoon threatened naval forces ilso landed at Hamamatsu south ern Honshu where exacuaticn if additional hundreds of allied prisoners was proceeding Lt Gen Robert L Eichelberger oarded a hospital ship in Tokyo lay and heard prisoners tales ol rutality and torture as military nterviewers from General Mac Arthurs headquarters recorded lame after Japanese name for rial as war criminals Eichelbergers ath army occupa ion troops crossed the Tama riv south awaited further orders before moving toward the heart of the city They occupied 4 more air fields Cavalrymen simultaneous ly waded ashore to take over Ta eyama on the southeast shore of Sagami bay outside Tokyo bay where marines had landed sev eral days ago Japanese reports said nearly 15500 allied troops would occupy cities south and west of Tokyo preceding occupation of the cap ital and said 20000 others were landing Tuesday at Tachikawa army air base northwest ot Tokyo American naval forces confis cated 20 Japanese suicide boats in he Tokosnka naval base area on Tokyo bay and satd 9 more Japa nese submarines and many mid get subs and oneman suicide tor pedoes were picked up in addi tion to 41 flying bombs Premier Prince HigashiKuni chose a 5man brain trust and sat down to read complaints he bad urged the people to send him The opening session of the diet by the emperor himself heard one good reason for surrender Bombings and blockade with the aid of one com paratively insignificant earth quake had cut Japanese plane production from 2857 for June 1944 to 1003 for July 1945 Evidence that hatred ol Ameri cans was not universal however came all desolate field of ashes to which an atom bomb had reduced the modern city of Hiroshima Associated Press War Corres pondent Vern Haugland was ap proached by a bearded old man who said the atom bomb had wiped out his he of fered to shake hands He was he said a Christian ;