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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 4, 1944, Mason City, Iowa I IOWAS lLY PAPER DITED FOR THE HOME VOL Associated Pro United Press FUJI Lewd THE NEWSPAPER THAT 40 Air Blitz Had Terror as Main Aim By W EARL HALL GlobeGaieUe Managing Editor Letter No 7 London Air I move from one portico to another a St Pauls cathedral in Old Lon don the other day and looked ou upon the block upon block of business build ings which had been leveled by the nazi blitz of 1940 I kept wondering what it was that caused the cone en t ra tion of German fire in that one particular area Only 2 objec tives of major military value important tex tile factories and important bank ing within the fielc of concentrated bombing Naz bombers could have centered or any number of other points no far distant which had a Jar mor directbearing on the war Bu they didnt The conclusion Ive been forcei to reach is that the nazis majorei on the region about StPauls be cause it was intended as a terro that particular area wa deemed best suited for that pur pose Narrow tortuous streets madi it extremely difficult indeed al most impossible to deal with bombproduced fires Many o them would be inaccessible to ma jor firefighting equipment even if they werent filled with rubble The destruction in Old London was doubtless as great as the evi nazi genius which planned it ex pected it to be The vast acres of brick foundations suggestthis But the effect on the London population was something quite different from what was expected Londoners suffered and died bu they never cried Unkel By this ordeal of fire they stand reforti fled today in their confidence thai therell always be an England In its bleak surroundings the mighty St Paul cathedral is sil houetted against the London sky from which every direction you ascendits hilltop position Only one bomb penetrated its massive Theamazing prdgramofrubbie removal evident throughout the city of London reaches its highest pinnacle in the Old London area to which I have repaired Where the broken stone and bncks have been taken I cant guess I only know that all walls Have been razed to the founda tions and that all litter has been removed from the exposed base ments In many of them a lovely purple of wildfloweiwas spring ing up crevices in the cement symbolic perhapsof the London which one day will arise from these niins Another area of London which bombed almost as heavily as the St Pauls region was the east side dock area 1 expect some day soon to spend a day out there and I should be able to make some interesting comparisons On my way through the con centration of government build ings about Whitehall street the other day I engaged a house of parliament guard in conversation Though that building would have made perhaps the choicest target m its area sprawling and set along the Thames it was hit only once by a sizable borrb The observed are notoriously poor shots They went DUfu aswide of the mark with their heavy bombs as they have been this summer with their doodle bugs Master race me eye With that I walked down the street and had a look at 10 Down Churchill Was should tell you that isnt the only reason I didnt see him LONG BIKE TRIP Rapid City S Dak Bev a H Ford New York Pres bytenan minister who is riding a bicycle home from Reno Nev was through South Dakota It was off his route to come this way he said but he wanted to see the Black HiUs He dn about miles has 2300 to go MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 4 AUJEDJROOPS FREE BRUSSELS Q GERMANS WHO FAIL TO LEAVE TO BE INTERNED Cease Firing Order Is Issued by President Mannerheim Army Chie Helsinki ff Fighting on th Finnish front ceased Monday Finland years months and 9 days after Finlane and Russia engaged in hostilitie for the 2nd time in the presen war The cease fire order was used byPresident Baron Carl Gustav Mannerheim as commanderin chief of the Finnish army Earlier the government de clared it would break ofl dlplo matic relations with Germanj and all German troops remaining in Finland after Sept 15 woulc be disarmed or interned Tass official soviet news agency expressed dissatisfaction with Premier Hantii HackzeUs Saturday declaration that Fin land was quitting the war Tass said the Soviets disliked Mack zells apologetic attitude toward the Germans and his failure to mention that Finland was break ng relations with Germany and hrowing German troops out o the country 2 essential conditions preliminary to ending the war as stipulated by Russia The German radio quoted a inrush communique saying the Finnish government has severed Germany and de manitroops from Finland b Sept 15 at the latest If German troops ire not withdrawn by the stipu ated time theywill be disarmed and handed over as war prisoners to the The cease fire order was issued by President Carl Gustav Man lerheim as Commanderinchief f the Finnish army a commn mqne said The text of the communique is ued by President Mannerheim Under terms of the agreement etween the Finnish and Russian overnrnents hostilities on the mnish army front are to cease t 8 a m Monday morning The resident and commanderinchief as issued orders to this effect The armistice was anounced nly a few hours after Manner eims government declared offi ially it would break off diplo natic relations with Germany nd asserted that all German roops remaining in Finland after eptrlS would be disarmed or in erned It was estimated that 7 nazi divisions are in northern Finland Reports reaching Stockholm rom the northern Swedish border arly Monday said a stream of azi troops was observed moving uth in northern Norway pos bly indicating the Germans were Iready taking their forces out of orthern Finland The dramatic order spread wiftly among troops at the front ith word passed from company o company and relayed to the oremost fighting platoons in the innish wilderness reports eived in Helsinki said The news was first broadcast to IB people at 5 a m 10 p m unday Central War An our later leaflets bearing the ext of the communique were dis ributcd throughout Helsinki as its opulation went to work There were few manifestations t happiness on the part of the eople but many gave signs of fi nd thank God isst The armistice came exactly ears 3 months and 9 days afte Finland joined the nazis inth attack on Russia The armistice was unique i FinnishRussian negotiations there was no armistice during th talks which led to peace in March Berlin dispatches to Helsink eave the impression the dissoiu turn of Finlands ties with Ger many would be accomplished in the friendliest manner The Berlin correspondent of the Helsingin Sanomat declared the evacuatioi of German troops in northern Fin land started some time ago and will be speeded on account of th latest developments The Helsinki newspaper Huf vudsstadsbladet commented tha Berlin considered the nazi troop m Finland were badly NEEDED ON OTHER FRONTS News of the armistice came to late for publication in the Fin msh morning newspapers but al carried under bold headlines th announcement that the govern rnent had decided to break rela tions with German yand empha sized that German troops wouJi be disarmed and turned over t the allies as prisoners of war i they refused to leave LABOR WEEKEND TOLL IS 137 Far Above Violent DeathTotalor43 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A homefront death toll of 13 was reported Monday morning as the total of accidental deaths dur ing the Labor day weekend climbedabove last years figure of 27for the same period njvj or more fatalities Of the deaths 84 were frozr raffle accidents 26 from drown ing and 25 from miscellaneous causes California with 17 lead the toll oy states followed by Pennsyl vania 14 New York 11 and Illi nois 10 deaths iium Monday morning to more than 200 at the close of the holiday Deaths by states as of Monday morning included Colorado 4 raffle Illinois 3 traffic 1 drbwn ng 6 miscellaneous Iowa 2 raffic 1 drowning Kansas 4 drowning Minnesota 2 traffic Missouri 1 traffic 1 drowning i miscellaneous Nebraska 2 mis ellaneous Wisconsin 2 drown ng EXEMPTIONS Des Moines H Hall director of the property tax di ision of the state tax commis ion estimated Monday that mili ary service exemptions were sav ng Iowa veterans of past wars nd their eligible survivors nearlv 1000000 annually in taxes Weather Report FORECAST fason City Fair Monday night and Tuesday Cooler in ex treme cast portion Monday night owa Fair with seasonal tempera tures Monday Monday night and Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 88 Minimum Sunday night 55 At 8 a m Monday 60 iTEAR AGO Maximum gj Minimum JQ rllls record crowa wit nessed the afternoon performance of Hoaglans Hippo drome and Circus Acts Sunday afternoon A similar crowd saw Sunday nights show Cavalcade of Hits A new show and vaudeville acts were here for Mondays show in the a free gatethe John Fran n the and good hills foithe grandstand expected ENGLAND FREE V Are Seized by Allies London enjoyed another raidfree night Sunday night extending 61 hours the time which has elapsed since the last lying bomb fell in this country Triday afternoon The lull was the longest since he nazis first loosed their robot assaults and Britons began tosee an end to the Vl battle as the ullied armies overran more aunching sites on the French coast The British government how ever did not commit itself on the lutlook It was noted nonetheless that German propaganda in connection vith the flying bombs appeared o be falling off Sundays high ommand communique making no mention of Vl for the first time mce June 16 Meanwhile there was specula ion that with Britain gradually vmning freedom from attack the nazis might turn their robots loose Paris from sites farther east Dispatches from Paris Sunday aid the French air ministry had a report that robots ad fallen in the Seine basin with n a radius of about 40 miles from on Saturday morning The nnouncement said there were asualties and slight damage but na not specify where the bombs ejj Nazis We Fight for DOLES ABANDON WARSAW FIGHT Underground Forces Lack Food Weapons London resistance orces were reported Monday to e abandoning the monthlong attle inside Warsaw and evac ating their capital because food nd weapons are lacking London one of the frankest nazi broadcasts ever di rected to home listeners the BerT Im radio declared Monday that every German must be warned at this hour that the slightest sign of wavering or weakness now will lSint the enemy with victory with American forces at the very German already across Ger man spokesman told the home front We are fighting for our bare existence and the choosing is not on our side Weaklings will prob ably flag under the strain which is now being exerted on us Bui the strong must keep the banner flying The enemy is flooding us with a veritable thunderstorm of prop aganda which may bring confu sion and conflict in the homeland He is out to split the nation and its unity We must be warned against such agitation which is bound to increase every hour as the enemy continues to blow his trumpet about victories at thfe front It is our to work and to continue to work as only that can bring us victory The broadcast came amid con tinued silence by Adolf Hitler who Lisbon had reported planned to appeal to the German people Sun day to fight to the last ditch in defense of the holy soil of the reich Stomach Follows Clock Buckley Field Colo old saw about your stomach tell ing you when meal time rolls around doesnt apply to a Buckley Field private The soldier rushed o the chow line but was in ormed by a sergeant that he had leen looking at a clock in the war nformation room which gave astern war time instead of moun tain war time Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy finds labors Jllilia let DO house divided as never before of this situation is that labor seems in this boom ing wartime to be strong and in fluential How strong will be de termmed later when the lush days are over Labor leaders and government observers agree on one point Re the AFL and the CIO e improbable Monday time since labor peace rcested The breach is in labor prior to the olitical campaign had a clash of individu union of J strick7 mile dun at lhe tals at the bottom mile un js a e ottom had taV the ported ii n big organizations are the same Craftversusindustryjvide unions has ceased to be a primary bone ol contention since AFL unions in same cases have broken down craft barriers and organized everybody in a plant from com mon laborers to master mechan ics But the current clash between the AFL and the CIO political action committee involves AFL principles and traditions The AFL long has been wary of the label of a political party For Instance the AFL constitu tion provides for an annual con vention in October except In a presidential year when it is held Thus dots lheAFLavoid occasion of havint it fonun turned into a partisan vehicle The political action pommittee contends it is nonpartisan but the AFL does not consider public indorsement of a presidential a nonpartisan act even though a majority of AFL indi viduals may favor the same ticket Iabor is n or s ene committed to one candidate and ask What if feels Roosevelt loses can not n s can not for Roosevelt to lose because of its Their confident public stand is he wont lose Besides principles prestige is involved more than ever in the abor split The AFL feels that administration has favored the CIO in appointments to the we nattona labor relations board One ot the AFLs immediate con vmns not lhe Basking of the little steel wage formula so much as who will get the credit if the formula is broken The CIO is pushing four or five dispute cases before the WLB aimed at break ing the formula labor thus faces an unpredict able Immediate future with Its forces divided It faces the post war years with misgivings about employment prospects The anx iety about jobs sticks out In every of union leaders They feel that the blueprint for reconversion and thereafter is In adequate As AFL President William Green put it in his Labor day speech for shipyard workers at Jacksonville Fla We must be prepared for temportry reverses and unemployment The expedil ing of reconversion must be ac companied by the adoption of legislation which will provide postwar insurance for the com mon people of our country CIO Philip Murray a similar speech at Pittsburgh that will follow this was is the battle fcr Plenty the battle for freedom from want and fear We are all in this struggle together with President Roosevelt that in the battle of production the free labor of America is triumphing over slave axis Andthey with their members welcomed General Dwight Eisenhowers ex tension of grateful thanks for making his army the b e st equipped fighting force in alt his tory PUSH 15 MILES JfOJ Allies Continue With Pursuit of Germans Rome troops have reached VilleFranche 15 miles north of Lyon and American forces haye beaten off a nazi rear guard counterattack at Montrevel 42 miles northeast of Lyon in the pursuit of Germans fleeing south ern France allied headquarters said Monday American and French patrols entered Lyon Sunday from 3 di rections but the great city was not immediately occupied an al lied announcement said An air field east of the city was cap tured Battered remnants of the Ger man 19th army seeking a haven m the fatherland elmost en tirely evacuated from Lyon by Sunday and substantial numbers m scattered groups were attacked from the air as they retreated up the Soame valley north of Vil legranche JAP AIRFIELDS AT DAVAO RIPPED Tokyo Warns People of Assault on Philippines General Headquarters South west flaming Wasted Japanese airdromes near Davao have been swept virtually clean of enemy planes Gen Doug les MacArthur reported Monday as the aerial prelude to reconquest of the Philippines rose to new heights of fury Japanese airpower steadily oeaten back from bases in the vast ocean reaches below the Philip pines now has moved farther north and west of Davao chief southern port of the islands Mac Arthur aims to redeem Heavy bombers abetted by long range Lightning fighters which flew a record 1400 mile roundtrip intoacfed 130 tons of explosives on Davaos installations in the heav est raid yet in that area Only 24 hours previously Davao had caught 110 tons of bombs Great fires and explosions in all targets followed the com munique said The targets includ ed airfields at Davao The swift twintailed Light nngs met only 3 enemy ihtercep ors and shot them all down Then they buzzed in at treetop level with guns pounding turning the targets into flame All the allied ilanes got home the fighters re luming 700 miles to the Sansapor area of northwest New Guinea Tokyo radio responded to the mounting allied air blows in the outhwest Pacific with a warning o its people that huge operations against the southern Philippines mpended Boy your War Bonds and tamps from your GlobeGazette amer boy Allies Are 12 Beyond headquarters that the Brit had pushed more n 512mics beyond the German Uothic line in some sectors and es tablished a firm bridgehead across the Concha river Canadian troops smashed across the Concha and seized a foothold of 6 square miles where they were m position to strike northward 7 miles to Rimini and pour into the Po valley or double back south westward to roll up the German line On the opposite wing of the Italian front American forces were closing in on Lucca ancient provincial capital and strategic communications hub commanding the approaches to the Gothic line along the Ligurian sea Allied armies in Italy continue making good progress on both flanks of their extensive battle front the daily war communique said BODY IS RECOVERED Clinton body of Frank Martin Linz Jr 4 year old son ot Mr and Mrs F L Linz Clinton was recovered from the Mississippi river Saturday night after the boy had wandered from nome REPORT 2 YANK ARMIES DRIVE AT REICH SOIL Claim Escape Route for All Nazis in Western France Belgium Cut BULLETIN London UPJRadioFrance Monday reported the capture of Calais Dunkerque and Boulogne but did not rive the sourceof the report London head quarters announced Monday the liberation of Brussels Allied troops were reported unofficially to have entered Antwerp in a stroke cut ting the LAST ESCAPE ROUTE of all Germans remaining in western France and Belgium Two American spearheads Vrere reported also to have reached the reich itself at points 100 miles apart There was no official con firmation for this account nor of French frontier advices telling of an entry into Antwerp This city Is only 10 miles from theDutch border and on the last remaining rail routes out of a giant coastal pocket which included Calais and Dunkerque in France and all west ern Belgium Antwerp is 23 miles north of Brussels seized Sunday by the British in an amazing 10mile an iiour journey from the Belgian border American forces were reported in Namur or beyond where they threatened the rail routes to Co logne Dusseldorf and the main roads to Berlin This time it was the Germans who were fleeing Dunkirk and Calais and Boulogne as in the heart of their rocket bomb belt The nazis line of retreat fromthis area ofFranceclosest to thin through northern Belgium that the there seemed virtually impossible The Germans evacuation of the French channel coast was by land Abbeville fellto the Canadian first army which crossed the Somme on both sides of the town Brussels which with its sub urbs had a population of 912000 was the 4th European capital cleared of the Germans The first was Rome then Park and Buch arest Belgium was as good as liber ated Freedom appeared to be dawning too for the Dutch who nave been told by Gen Dwight 3 Eisenhower that their hour was very near In reaching Brussels Sunday Jt Gen Miles C Dempseys Brit sh 2nd army advanced at a speed of 10 miles an hour A field dis Jatch saidDempseys men crossed he Belgian border in the area of Tournai just 2 hours less than 5 years after Britain declared her self at war time with Germany rowds of happy Belgians pelted he British tanks with fresh plucked flowers Reports from Stockholm said American tankmen had captured Perl just INSIDE THE GERMAN FRONTIER near the junction of 3ermany France and Luxem bourg Perl is 12 miles northeast Allied forces Monday Hberated ;