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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 3, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH lOWXS DAILY PAPER i EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL UV Associated Press and United Press Full Leue WJres Five Cents a Copy JtfASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 3 194iT Blame Parents for Juvenile Delinquency The juvenile delinquency prob lem in Iowa is one for which par ents are more to blame than the state or the community in the view of a rep re sentative crosssection of voters Many however at tribute it to causes about which the state or the com munity could take more ef fective action Less than one per cent are unconcerned or take the view that Iowa has no prob lem of juvenile delinquency IOWA PUBLIC OPINION PANEL members were first asked to volunteer their opinions about the chief causes of this prob lem and 72 per cent answer that Its the parents fault Many of these are more specific in replies that The parents are too leni ent have too much social life or too often both parents are working Smaller numbers blame parents more directly for lack of interest in their children or be cause they dont keep their kids at home Besides the 72 per cent who blame parents for this problem somewhat related reasons are given by 8 per cent that young people have too much leisure time 7 per cent blame broken homes and 6 per cent the wrong kind of movies Another 5 per cent volunteer that lack of rec reational facilities is the cause of juvenile delinquency These were the reasons volun teered without any specific sug gestions being made In order to get more studied opinions how ever each panel member was handed a card listing several sug gested causes and was asked Which ones of these in 1 Z 3 order do you believe are the most Important reasons for juvenile de linquency The replies Blame Named 1st Parents 49 Sale of liquor to minors 17 Too much money to Spend 10 Lack of rec reational f a cilities 10 Need of cur few laws 6 Driving cars too young 5 Churches 1 Schools 1 Dont know what to blame 1 Named 2nd or 3rd 27 35 39 31 16 36 8 7 Some of these are chiefly par ental responsibilities such as al lowances of spending money while state or community respon sibility is involved in control of liquor sales curfew laws and the provision of recreational facili ties Lack of both parental and legal control is implied by the 2 voters in every 5 who name driv ing cars when too young as a cause of juvenile delinquency Younger persons are more like ly than older ones to blame lack of parental control too much spending money or inadequate recreational facilities while more older people than younger blame the sale of liquor to minors or say that youngsters are permitted to drive cars at too early an age Those living in rural areas are more inclined that others to at tribute juvenile delinquency to the sale of liquor to minors resir dents of the larger cities are more apt than any to favor curfew laws while in smaller towns there Is more than average stress on the need for recreational facilities Total who blame Cltiet Towni Kara 74 77 74 Parents Sale of liquor to minors 46 48 Too much spending money 47 50 Driving cars when too young 43 40 Lack of recrea tional facilities 39 44 Need of curfew laws 31 18 Churches 6 9 Schools 8 9 57 47 39 38 15 10 10 Girl to Get Silver Tube Put in Throat Fort Worth Tex Turner 13 undergoes an opera tion Friday to correct a growth in her vocal chords so that she can speak above a whisper It will be her 2nd operation lor the condi tion Doctors said a silver tube would be inserted in her throat It will remain there while she is in her teens and may be left there lor life Mavian is the daughter of Mrs F A Turner of Paxton HI Her father is stationed at Carswell air force base here This Paper Consists of Two One No 283 North Iowa Fair Program Wedding Day p by Garner band p Cavalcade of Stars and 8 feature vaudeville acts Auto Racing Day a of colts a of poultry and honey products a junior baby beeves and beef heifers Beef show manship contest p by Mason City municipal band p trials start on race track p races with Emory Collins worlds champion dirt track driver and top challengers Vaudeville acts on the stage between races p Gordo county demonstration teams Truman GOP in Slugging Match Over Reds Prices Washington Truman bounded into a political slugging match with the republi cans Friday over communists high prices health insurance and the St Lawrence seaway The president took specific issue en those points with Gov Thomas E Dewey the GOP nominee Har old E Stassen who will open the republican campaign next Tues day and other party members On the subject of Reds in gov ernment jobs Mr Truman told his news conference Thursday it was a lie out of whole cloth for anyone to say that he ever pro tected a communist or a disloyal person in a federal post The house unAmerican activi ties committee earlier this week accused the white house of re fusing to help protect the na tional security and of hamper ing by refusing to supply inform ation the committees inquiry into communist espionage in the U S government Mi Truman told the reporter who brought this up that the real spies during the war were Ger man and Japanese that Russia was an ally He added that he never has heard of any search for former German and Japanese spies Declaring that he is standing behind his previous Red Herring description of the congressional communist investigations the president said he will prove his charge before paign is over the election cam Soviet Wants Big 4 Meet on Colonies London Soviet Union has proposed that the Big 4 coun cil of foreign ministers lAeet be fore Sept 15 to consider disposi tion of the former Italian colonies Moscow radio said Friday The soviet radio broadcast a dispatch by a London correspond ent of Tass the official Russian news agency which said the pro posal for a Big 4 foreign ministers meeting was made Aug 31 by George Zarubin Russian ambas sador to Britain He urged the meeting at a con ference of the foreign ministers deputies who have been trying unsuccessfully to agree on the fu ture of the Italian colonies in a series of discussions in London Under terms of the Italian peace treaty if the Big 4 foreign mini sters are unable to settle the ques tion by Sept 15 the whole issue will go before the United Nations Attempt for Cabinet Fails Schuman Gives Up as French Premier Paris Premierdesignate Robert Schuman abandoned Fri day his attempts to form a new French government The leader of the middleof theroad popular republican movement MRP had labored since Monday night in an effort to lure reluctant politicians into a government for which many fore saw nothing but a short troubled life Schuman announced his deci sion to President Vincent Auriol after futile negotiations with other party leaders on construction of a workable coalition Despite his endorsement by the national assembly Tuesday by the margin of 11 was unable to draw enough par liamentary support to build a cab inet Thursday the socialists a strong factor in the previous moderate governments refused to enter a Schuman cabinet because they disagreed with his economic pol icies particularly with regard to keeping wages down in a war on spiraling prices Serious doubts were expressed that anyone would be able to form a government at the present time This presented the nation with the problem of how to proceed with its present legislature Will Try to Get Ticket on Ballot by Petitions St Paul Minn supporters in the rank of the democraticf armerlabor party laid plans Friday to get their ticket on the ballot by petition after suffering a legal setback The state supreme court voted unanimously Thursday to recog nize the rightwing electors of the party supporting President Tru man as the partys nominee It or dered the leftwing slate thrown out The left wing broke away from the party at the state convention last June Benes Dies at Age 64 Helped Found Czech Nation Prague fi Eduard Benes who helped found Czechoslovakia and was twice its president died Friday He was 64 The statesman who rose to world acclaim from ranks of the peasants was stricken early Tues day and had been unconscious since Coughing spasms weakened his heart which finally gave way He died at his counrty home at Sezimovo at p m Benes had a stroke a year His arteries had hardened His last year of life was doubly saddened by the coup through which communists seized power in his republic and by the death plunge soon afterward of Foreign Minister Jan Masaryk The foreign minister was the son of Thomas Masaryk with whom Benes helped to form the Czechoslovak republic in 1918 Sick and disheartened Benes resigned as president last June 7 rather than sign the new constitu tion the communists drafted Klement Gottwald the communist he had appointed premier suc ceeded him He resigned as president once before when Adolf Hitler greedy for the Czechoslovak Sudetenland forced the Munich crisis which preced World war II The cabinet was called into spe cial session for Saturday to range the funeral ar Bricklayers Awarded New York get for an 8 hour day under an arbitration award upheld in su preme court Thursday The award was made June 30 in a dispute between locals of the AFL Bricklayers Masons and Plasterers International union and the Mason Builders association of greater New York Justice Irving Levey upheld the award SAME BlMk U 24 Good Weather on Hand for North Iowa Fair Open Reds Move Into Berlin City Council Attempt to Seize Government While 4 Power Heads Meet Berlin moved openly ot seize the Berlin city gov ernment Friday as the Big 4 mili tary governors continued confer ences to settle the eastwest cur rency dispute and agree on lifting the soviet surface blockade of the German capital Friday evening 2 meetings of political importance were taking place in the city One was seeking within the bounds of agreements reached at the Moscow confer ences a settlement in the cold war between the Russians and the western allies The other appeared designed to ca and ill feeling The first was at the allied con trol authority building where the 4 military governors were working reportedly making good plans to establish the soviet eastern mark as Berlins own currency and lift the 76day old blockade The other was at the Berlin city hall in the soviet sector where communist members and sympa thizers among the city assembly met and formed what they called the democratic bloc of Berlin They apparently sought to usurp the functions of the elected city assembly which is predominantly noncommunist Communist demonstrations twice have broken up scheduled city as sembly meetings and the assembly called off another attempt to meet Friday because Maj Gen Alexan der Kotokov soviet commandant in Berlin refused to guarantee po lice protection Safety Council Expects 260 Holiday Toll Chicago accidents during the 3day Labor day week end will kill 260 persons outright the National Safety Council pre dicted Friday The death total during the La bor day observance last year was 272 The safety council estimated that 30000000 automobiles carry ing 100000000 passengers will jam the nations highways this week end The council said its fatality pre diction is confined to immediate deaths and does not include per sons who will die later of injuries suffered during the holiday The American Automobile as sociation estimates that 300 per sons would be killed and pre dicted the worst traffic jams in history TO MEDITERRANEAN Rome U S navys powerful 6th task fleet Friday began 2 weeks of training exer cises in the Mediterranean At least 18 warships are participating GlobeGazette Phnto ON lire 2 new arrivals just on time for the North Iowa fair The twin calves were born between and a m Friday to the Holstein cow belonging to the Gerlach Brothers of St Ansgar Shown with them are Helen and Roger Gerlach The cow was not scheduled to calve for some time yet but the ride to the fair and excite ment there hurried the event The calves were the first for the cow War Returned 6 North lowans Killed in Alaska San Francisco re mains of 1566 Americans who were killed in the Alaskan theater during the war have been re turned to the United States for final burial the army department announced Friday The war dead arrived Thursday aboard the U S transport Honda Knot North lowans in the list include the following with the next of kin also indicated 2nd Lt Robert H Combs air force Algona William H Combs Gerald E Darling yeoman first class Estherville Elizabeth I Darling Pvt Clifton IT Hunsley Crystal Luke Orville M Hunsley George H McElroy seaman first class Mason City Mrs Olga L McElroy Edward M Nemeth motor ma chinists mate third class Osage Karl Nemeth Pvt Lawrence J Neuroth Wes ley Albert Neuroth House Spy Group Suspends Activities Temporarily HERSHEY LENDS A HANDMaj Gen Louis B Herahey national selectiveservTce director gives a St Louis Mof draft registration center assistance by register ing Eugene F Sheridan of St Louis Two other centers received surprise visits from the who is in St Louis for the Veterans of Foreign Wars convention Washington house American activities committee de cided Friday to postpone until Sept 15 the resumption of Its red spy hearings Chief Investigator Robert E Stripling said the committee will go ahead then with efforts to un ravel conflicts In testimony given by Alger Hiss former high state department official and Whittak er Chambers an avowed former member of a communist under ground Stripling said Chairman J Parnell Thomas RN J has ad vised him the committee intends to complete the HissChambers and Elizabeth T Bentley hearings before getting into the story of a new spy ring I think this will take 3 weeks Stripling told reporters The investigation was to hnvc been resumed Sept 7 Stripling said the delay is necessary to give the committee and its staff time to complete preparations Thorns has said the alleged new spy ring which the committee will look into involves government employes Agreement on Hiring Hails NMU to Appeal Ruling of NLRB to Courts Cleveland great lakes tanker companies and the national Maritime union Friday agreed to contracts which con tinue the controversial hiring hall provision pending a final court ruling on its validity Michael Kcarns NMU lakes area director announced the agreement with the Cleveland Tankers Inc Lakes Tankers Corp of New York and the Great Lakes Transport Corp of Detroit The NLRB ruled the hiring hall illegal under the TaftHartley act but the NMU has said it will appeal the ruling to the supreme court if necessary The agreement ended threat of a strike here Friday after an in junction issued by a federal cour expired at the end of an 80day cooling off period DIES IN CRASH Hamburg William Spilell 25 of Payne died in a hos pital here Thursday of injuries suffered in a truckauto collision 4 miles north of here on highway 275 Wednesday night Funeral services will be here Saturday aft ernoon Deserts Army for 20 Years Finally Gives Himself Up Monterey Cal army department said Friday it would mail an undesirable discharge to Harry Newman 47 who turned himself in after being absent with out leave for 28 years Newman said his conscience bothered him after discovering his brother was a war hero Newman said he went AWOL from troop B of the llth cavalry at the Mon terey Presidio June 13 1920 Un der the statute of limitations the army is unable to prosecute him Weather Report FORECAST Mason City dear and warm Fri day night and Saturday Low Friday night 52 to 55 High Sat urday 88 to 90 Iowa Fair Friday night and Sat urday Scattered showers west portion Saturday afternoon or night Continued warm Low Friday night 80 north to 85 south Iowa 5 Day Weather Outlook Temperatures will average 6 to 8 degrees above the seasonal normal Normal maximum ranges from 79 in the north to 83 in the south Normal mini mum from 55 to 58 Becoming cooler Sunday night or Mon day Warmer Tuesday A little cooler again Wednesday Pre cipitation will average about onefourth inch irregularly distributed occurring as scat tered showers Saturday night or Sunday and again Tuesday night or Wednesday Minnesota Fair Somewhat warm er west and central portions Friday night Saturday partly cloudy and warmer followed by local thundershowers Saturday night and in west portion Sat urday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 85 Minimum 51 At 8 a m Friday 69 YEAR AGO Maximum 92 Minimum 60 Over 27000 on Grounds by 2 Oclock Human Torpedo Girl Blasted From Casket Start Off Activities The North Iowa fair got off to a booming start Friday afternoon Dynamite boomed as Helen Howa was blasted from a sealed casket before the grandstand and a canon boomed as Harry Pollak the hu man torpedo was shot from its mouth The sun smiled and the weath erman delivered perfect fair weather SecretaryManager M C Lawson reported that 2200 paid admissions had come through the gates up to 2 p m He chuckled as he peered at a cloudless sky a promise of an other big crowd for the evening performance Variety of Acts The afternoon show was a hip podrome spectacle of such variety as has never before been offered here In addition to the dynamite girl and human torpedo most ex citing acts on the program there were 5 high grade vaudeville acts and a Western Ranch roundup which included worlds champion riders and ropers as well as a cow boy band and radio artists Another feature was the pres entation of nearly 100 North Iowa Golden Wedding couples in cluding Mr and Mrs M W Vavv ter Clear Lake who Friday cele brated their 55th anniversary The Golden Wedding couples were guests of the fair management at the afternoon show Mr and Mrs J D Barlow of Mason City were recognized by Master of Ceremonies Hank HOOK as the couple married the longest They were married 64 years ago last March Mr and Mrs Richard Gibson Buffalo Center received recogni tion for having come the farthest of the married couples while Mar tin Peterson Sioux City was the individual who had come the longest distance The Manly band under the di rection of Miss Alice Selness opened the afternoon grandstand show with a concert and the Gar ner band directed by Miss Bar bara Rankin was scheduled to play at p m Friday evennig Cavalcade Opening The Friday evening grandstand show will be the first showing of the BarnesCarruthers Cavalcade of Stars a galaxy of singing and dancing girls plus 8 featured vau deville acts They include Page Jewett and Kiki in an amazing routine of uni cycle gyrations Harold Boyd and the Jig Saws comic singers acro bats and impersonators Tien Tsi Liu Chinese athletes headlined with Ringling Brothers circus the 3 Royal Rockets in high speed ac robatics on roller skates the Ru denko brothers juggling blazing torches Loyals dogs in a comedy routine Phil and Doty Phelps bal ancing huge heavy objects as they climb up and down stairs There was much to be seen out side the grandstand also Twin Calves Born There were new twin calves Friday morning for example A fine heifer was born at a m to a Holstein cow being shown by the Gerlach Brothers of St Ans gar and about 45 minutes rater an other calf arrived All 3 were re ported doing fine nothing was heard from or of the father The arrival was in the midst of much hustle and bustle in the livestock barns Traffic hardly slowed for the event Cattle were going in and out on their way to and from theshowers where 4H showmen and their elders scrubbed the stock until the ani mals shone Fair Is On There is also an auto show in the Merchants building with new cars gleaming from one end of the floor to the other In Floral hall the vegetables and flowers also filled the center section ready for the judges On the balcony 4H girls and their mothers and lead ers were busy putting last minute touches on their booths and in dividual project exhibits Eating stands already were go ing full tilt Friday noon The fair is on ATTACHE RESIGNS London Kratky commercial attache at the Czecho slovak embassy announced his resignation Friday saying I do not like the recent political changes in my country He ap plied for permission to stay in Britain Many other Czechoslovak diplomats abroad have resigned since the communists came into power in February ;