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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 3, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLH FTVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 3 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 283 ROOSEVELT LANDON SHAKE HANDS Merchant Ships Few Bigger Fleet Needed as Supplement to U S Navy EDITORS NOTE This is the first of two dispatches on the American merchant marine By CHARLES F STEWART ASHINGTON navy is not much good without a mer chant fleet to support it Therefore there is a deal of puz zlement in cir cles which know something con cerning sea pow er problems rela tive to President Roosevelts rea sons for delaying so long to speed up the construc tion of cargo carrying craft equally with war ship building American neutrality sentiment to the contrary notwithstanding it cant but be recognized that Uncle Sam will be hard put to it to keep out of another world conflict if one breaks out as seems pretty prob very soon too Now there is considerable argu ing to the effect that the United States will be proportionately less and less likely to be sideswiped by a foreign struggle as it is more and more strongly armed afloat It may be a doubtful contention but the white house tenant subscribes to it and so does congress for it made a mightily liberal allowance at its last session for more fighting ves sels All yards in the United States are busy on them up to the limit of their various capacities No Merchant Ships But merchant shipbuilding is at a standstill Yet the Yankee mercantile mar ine experts are agreed has deter iorated to a degree little above its status at the outbreak of the last World war That should have been a lesson A fighting fleet has to be fed and fueled and supplied with ammuni tion It needs a supplementary fleet auxiliaries to perform these ser vices and these auxiliaries must be able to steam right in the wake of the war craft The United States had no such auxiliaries available in 1917 The lack of them did not matter so much then for the U S was on the side of a nation Britain which did have them and consequently had excellent reasons for being help ful It would be a different thing if the United States were trying to keep out No Ships for Coal In parenthesis Back in President Theodore Roosevelts day when Japanese American relations were a bit strained and Teddy decided to send the American White Fleet under Admiral Robert Evans on a world cruise as a hint to the mikado he found it necessary to charter British merchant bottoms to furnish the naval tourists with coal and oil and rations The United States had the ironclads but not the carriers of fuel extra munitions and groceries This was the position in which the United States found itself in 1917 also It was not sobad in Teddys time That clash did not eventuate It was not so bad in 1917 The United States had Englands co Richman and Merrill Land Safely in South Walesl PRESIDENTIAL NOMINEES MEET AT DES UNHURT PLANE NOT DAMAGED IN FORCED LANDING Fuel Shortage Ends Their Rapid Crossing From New York Copjrisht 1836 by The Associated LLWYNCELYN Carmarth enshire South Rich man and Dick Merrill American air men out for a roundtrip Atlantic spanning speed test landed in a South Wales field Thursday out oi gasoline but safe Flyig about feet high all the the night club owner and actor from New York and his vet eran pilot sped across the Atlantic from New York in less than 16 hours to outshine the speed feats of an imposing list of ocean pilots It was a comfy said the sleek haired Richman not a whit perturbed by landing 175 miles short of his Croydon airdrome goal We are not going to fly back to Ameri ca right Fly Miles Unhurt and with their powerful lowwing monoplane the Lady undamaged the Americans came down in a field near here Thursday afternoon after flying about to 16 but did not know the exact landing time How ever D R Thomas a baker at the adjoining town of Llandilo said he saw the plane flying over his place at p m a rn central standard time and that it landed shortly thereafter This would make the flying time since Richman and Merrill left New York not quite 18 hours They had however been report ed off the western Irish coast 15 hours and 40 minutes after their takeoff from Floyd Bennett field Brooklyn Wednesday afternoon Seen Over Ireland The first word that they were over Ireland came at p Fall Short of Goal on Flight Pilot Dick Merrill left and Harry Richman right stage and screen actor fell short of their London goal when their plane Lady Peace in which they hopped off from New York Wednesday ran short of fuel and they were forced to land in South Wales WANTS TO KEEP BILLION BALANCE Morgenthau Will Seek 400 Millions in New Cash This Month WASHINGTON par ticular note of what he called times and conditions abroad Sec retary Morgenthau said Thursday the treasury would retail its pres ent high working balance at the billion dollar level as insurance against emergencies At an early morning press con ference Morgenthau announced also that the treasury would seek in new cash in a fi nancing operation Sept 15 At the same time he said new treasury obligations will be offered for a m central standard time of per cent treasury from Dingle bay on the southwest notcs maturing on that date ern tip of the Shamrock isle A thousand worried spectator had waited under heavy skies at Croydon for some sign of the plane which ran into hard rains at the eastern end of its journey Finally a telephone in the air port communications office jang operation then But it would be em barrassing if the United States were trying to go it j End parenthesis Politics find Scandals Uncle Sam built merchant ships to beat the band In 1917 For that matter he had been building them for some time previ ously his own commerce being frightfully bottled up in his home ports because he had no bottoms of his own and beligerent vessels had no leisure to bother with anything that didnt Immediately concern them Uncle Samuel continued his build ing for some while after the war was politics and scandal got Into It American merchant shipping has been on the slide ever since then Rapids Milk Prices Raise CEDAR RAPIDS tf Milk prices were raised one cent a quart here the second price in crease of the year The price of whipping cream has advanced from 15 to 18 cents a pint led It was Richman calling from Llwyncelyn Reached at this tiny village later Richman declared The plane ran beautifully We didnt see the Atlantic for more than an hour at a time All the way we flew at about feet Everything went according to plans up to the end Half way across the plane went into a steep nose dive We both were thrown out of our scats That certainly was a scare Had to Struggle We had to struggle hard for a minute or two to retain control II seemed an age before we The plane Richman said must have averaged more than 200 miles an hour while it was actually over the Atlantic at times doing 250 He disclosed the reason you didnt hear us when we got near England was because our radio went out of commission while we were trying to talk to London We were circling around an hour and a half before we could find a suitable landing place There seemed to be cattle every Back to Corydon Capt Jimmy Town Canadian friend of Merrill who had been looking for the flyers to lead them into port loaded 100 gal lons of fuel in two gallon tins into his plane and took off for Bristol just as another plane piloted by Capt Leslie Jackson left with 50 gallons of fuel in ail attempt to land beside the Lady In Desolate Section The transatlantic plane was to be given the 50 gallons and then flown to Bristol to take on the ad ditional supply lor the rest of the flight to Croydon The place where the plane came down is in a desolate part of Car marthenshire This village joins the larger town of Llandilo It is about 175 miles east of Croy don and London and lies almost di rectly in the course the flyers had plotted out Richmans first telephone call to Croydon said Called into the secretarys office before many government employes were at work newsmen were told that because of conditions abroad Morgenthau felt it very desirable to follow the existing policy of keeping a big working balance in the treasurys general fund The working is ready cash in the treasurys stands at around the billion dollar mark Speaking with emphasis Morgen thau said this policy costs the treasury about a year but provides the safest insurance we can carry for the American peo ple should anything unforeseen oc Regarding the request for new money Morgenthau said it resulted in part from a 90 day delay in col lection of windfall taxes on un paid processing levies under the old AAA and treasury operations in financing current activities of the Home Owners Loan corporation The HOLC current operations are being financed from the treasury he said to eliminate the necessity for the corporation to borrow inde pendently In announcing he would seek to borrow in the treas urys fall financing operation on Sept 15 Morgenthau said this was one of the smallest cash offer ings since he assumed office He announced that there would be a conversion issue for the of per cent treasury notes which fall due in midSeptem ber Says Vatican Displeased at Coughlin Bishop Gallagher in N Y After Visit With Pope NEW YORK Michael J Gallagher said Thursday Vatican authorities were displeased at the Rev Charles E Coughlin for calling President Roosevelt liar and be trayer for which he later apolo gized but had done nothing to re strain his political activities In an interview on the liner Rex on which he returned from Rome the Detroit Roman Catholic prelate and Father Coughlins ecclesiastical superior saic recent reports that MASON CITYANS CAST VOTES ON TWOFRANCHISES Ballots Were Cast by 2 OClock Thursday Afternoon Voters were going to the polls Thursday to cast their ballots on two franchise propositions present ed by the Mason City and Clear Lake Railroad company The company is asking one fran chise for the operation of its inter urban line along South Federal ave nue from its rightofway at Tenth street to Fifth street and another for the operation of a motor bus Herring Tells President S Ought to Provide Crop Insurance System DES MOINES Gov Clyde L Herring told President Roosevelt Thursday afternoon that he believes the federal government should pro vide a system of crop insurance He also advocated a cooperative program between the states and the federal government which would continue the soil conservation pro gram as he outlined his view of the states drought problem he said our people can look forward to a federalstate program developing the acreage of drought resistant crops and retaining soil fertility and to a crop insurance plan which will rob both surplus and deficit years of their special terrors then our farmers can go forward with more confidence and hope than they have known even in system to replace the abandoned streetcars Vote By Precincts At afternoon Under the AAA the acreage of a total of Bought resistant crops has in the best years of the past More Resistant Crops ballots cast for the proposition indicating a fairly heavy vote election for a special Following is the vote by precincts at that time First precinct first Second precinct first ward First precinct second ward Second precinct second ward First precinct third ward Second precinct third ward First precinct fourth ward Second precinct fourth ward 112 225 125 174 134 142 152 Total The polls opened at 7 oclock in the morning and will close at 8 oclock Thursday evening An unsigned dodger bearing the caption A Statement With Respect to the Special Franchise Election to Be Held Thursday Sept 3 urging voters to vote against the rialroad franchise was distributed to residences over a large part of the city Wednesday night Polling Places Listed Following are the polling places First precinct first ministration building Second precinct first adiU JliunliL A UMUi W7 y the vatican had curbed the radio son Clty Lumber company priest s political activities were a lot of Reflected in Editorial He said the reaction of the papal authorities to Father Coughlins at tack on the president was reflected in an editorial published Wednes day by the Osservatore Romano authoritative vatican organ Father Coughlin who went down the bay to greet Bishop Gallagher pointed out the editorial was neither official nor unofficial The prieat said Wednesday he would refrain from commenting on the editorial until he had consulted his bishop Apology Followed Bishop Gallagher said that soon after Father Coughlin attacked President Roosevelt in addressing the Townsend plan convention in Cleveland he had called the priests attention to the principles of the Catholic church disapproving at tacks upon constituted governmen tal authority I called his attention to this and Father Coughlin said the bishop Thats all there was First precinct second ward Courthouse Second precinct second McKinley school First precinct third iner garage Second precinct third Roosevelt school First precinct fourth and R Chevrolet garage Second precinct fourth Folsom garage Asked if he had discussed Father Coughlins activities with the pope the bishop answered No Never Father Coughlin apologized in open letter to the president in which he said his original remarks were addressed to him as a candidate for the presidency and not as president j We are both quite all right We plane intend to go on to London this eve Use Radio Compass A radio directional compass de veloped by commercial radio inter ests was utilized in the flight and the planes engine was of a type that the army had retained on its secret list for a year The wings of their plane were loaded with thousands of table ten nis balls to provide buoyancy in the event they were forced down at sea Commander George Pond trans atlantic pilot Amelia Earhart who twice has flown the ocean and Capt Eddie Rickenbacker World war ace and head of Eastern air lines for which Merrill is a pilot were among noted aviators who saw Richman and Merrill off Rickenbacker flew alongside them for a short time in another FORECAST IOWA Mostly cloudy showers in west portion somewhat warni er in west and north central por tions Thursday night showers Friday MINNESOTA Generally fair somewhat warmer in west Thurs day night Friday unsettled show ers in south portion IN MASON CITY Weather figures for 24 hour per iod ending at 8 a m Thursday Maximum Wednesday 73 degrees Minimum In night 54 degrees At 8 a m Thursday 64 degrees The wind was in the southeast Thursday after having been in the northerly direction for several days I LOOK INSIDE FOR MOHANDAS K GANDHI Mahatma Gandhi 111 With Malarial Fever ON PAGE 2 Junior College Changes Trojans Grid Schedule ON PAGE 13 Butter Theft Suspect in New Hampton Jail ON PAGE 3 Part of RightofWay Given for Lake Project ON PAGE 11 creased in Iowa For instance al though we have had a constant in crease in alfalfa hay acreage for some years back the greatest in crease was between 1932 and 1936 when in spite of unfavorable sea sons the alfalfa acreage increase was 45 per cent As a result of the 1935 AAA program Iowa farmers had as a reserve this spring almost twice their usual stocks of hay Iowa farmers know that one of their best defenses against drought is this increased acreage of drought re sistant crops But the old AAA under which farmers increased the acreage of droughtresistant crops is gone The new soil conservation program ends in 1937 as a federally directed plan Look to Future If farmers are to look forward to the future with any confidence they must be assured that the programs that have served them so well in the past will be continued My suggestion is that leaders in each corn belt state might properly press for enactment at the next ses1 sion of their legislatures state con servation laws that would insure continuance of these programs and that competent administration of these plans be likewise insured by placing the administration in charge of a board of farmers nominated by the farmerelected conservation committees These state programs should be devised to cooperate both with the federal government and neighbor ing states for the purpose of fur thering conservation in increasing acreage of droughtresitsant crops and any measures that might be necessary with the kind of over production that might menace farm income More Is Needed I believe more than this is reeded We need crop insurance The nation can properly ask the farmers to produce enough food and feed to build adequate reserves against possible disaster But the farmers can also prop erly ask the nation that this abund ant production shall not be convert ed into a weapon to wreck farm in come We should protect the nation from scarcity and protect the far mer from the prices that come from unlimited production and we should also protect the farmer from the full effect of natural disasters that of ten wipe out his crops Careful investigation has shown that crop risks can be worked out by districts that farmers can pay mers an opportunity to look forwar to the future with MINNESOTA GOVERNOR HAS 6 POINT PROGRAM DES MOINES Hjalma Petersen of Minnesota left for Pres ident Roosevelts drought confer ence at noon Thursday with a si point program to present to th conference Governor Petersen said he woul seek for Minnesota 1 An increase in the states quota so as more nearly to handl the employables on relief Minneso ta he said is without sufficien funds to meet the relief situatio because of the drought and subse quent relief load 2 An increase in the states quo ta for employment of farmers wh lost their cash crops because of th drought from the present t 3 Funds for a comprehensive wa ter conservation program for th state 4 Relief for nonfarmers wh have suffered from the drought in rural communities through loss o rural business 5 An increase of boys in the states CCC quota giving pref erence to farm youths 6 Emergency projects to providi sufficient water supplies in north ern Minnesota where communities are short of water for drinking pur poses fire fighting sewage dispos al and servicing industries that ua large amounts of water This phase of the program the governor said is estimated to cost three quarters of a million dollars It is a part o the proposed Red River Valley pro gram estimated to cost 12 million dollars he said premiums in surplus crops in good years and that they can be reim bursed in years of disaster out of ARMORED CARS MOVE ON IRUN Supreme Assault Launchec Against Hapless City by Spanish Rebels By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Armored cars spitting machine gun fire moved on hapless Irun Thursday in a supreme assault by Spanish rebels Infantrymen pushed toward the government town its last defenses shattered behind the screen of steel Government batteries at Fuenter rabia boomeddesperate defiance In the besieged city itself anarchists seized command and built barri cades inthe streets They ousted socialist leaders of the defending militia because the socialists wanted to surrender Irun Action Most Violent It was almost the end of the sev enth week of Spains civil war and the action at Irun just across the international boundary from France appeared the most violent of the day The fascist rebels want the Irun sector as a Bay of Biscay port of entry for supplies and men they need its oil stores they want to hold it so General Eroilio Molas northern armies can advance on so cialist Madrid without the menace of a rear attack Also they want control of the international bridge from France Madrid claiming the capture of Huesca in the northeast reinforced this stored surplus Storage in good its southern armies for defense in years will keep farm prices up Dis bursement of the surplus in drought years will prevent skyrocketing feed prices and suffering to live stock men To Preserve Hope The great task of drought reliel is not to save livestock or to pro vide seed nor to get useful jobs for burned out farmers but to preserve the courage and hope of families on the farm land I know industrious young farmers the kind that a gen eration ago would have been marked for certain success who have suf fered such loss that there is danger that they may be turned into the group of the shiftless andthe down andout They must be saved not merely for their own sakes and the sakes of their families but because the state and the nation needa them as the vigorous successful farmers which their talents entitle them to be We can help through federal loans through WPA jobs through seed loans and in other ways to get them through the emergency but these aids will fail of their full force unless we give to these and all far Toledo province Rebels Reorganize Council The said they did not like that their fascist supreme council at Burgos with cooperation of Nationalist and Carlist factions The Carlists are monarchial adherents of the cause of the aged Bourbon pre tender Don Carlos In France fear was expressed lest reckless acts to spur foreign intervention spread the Spanish struggle of the left and right into the rest of Europe Harry Thayer 79 of A T and T Dies NEW CANAAN Harry B Thayer 79 former presi dent of the American Telephone and Telegraph company died at his home here Thursday A former president of the West ern Electric company he became vice president of the A T T in 1909 1919 Line Streets Luncheon Precedes Drought Talk By WILLIAM L BEALE Associated Press Staff Writer DES MOINES Roosevelt and Alf M Landon met Thursday in the office of Gov Clyde L Herring of ex traordinary facetoface encounter between two presidential oppon ents The national drought problem brought them together Through cheering crowds that gave Iowas capital a holiday spirit the democratic and republi can contestants drove to the gold domed capitol Roosevelt was the first to take the route motoring in an open car from the special train in which he has been touring drought areas He arrived at noon Landon arrived an hour and 15 minutes later by auto from Topeka He stopped at Leon Iowa for a shave was met on the outskirts of Des Moinesby a motorcycle escort of six patrolmen and drove directly to the capitol in the same sedan in which he made the trip Eat Buffet Luncheon A buffet luncheon was served in Herrings office where the chief ex ecutive and Landon shook hands for the first time since 1933 After ward the two were scheduled to alk about the drought and means of meeting its havoc to farm acres Emerging from the luncheon meeting Marvin H Mclntyre presi dential secretary told reporters Mr Roosevelt had gone immediately nto Governor Herrings private of fice and awaited there until all the governors senators and other offi cials had arrived then greeted them nformally in the outer office The president and Landon met he said just inside the dining room and exchanged a few informal re marks Governor Landon spoke to the president and they shook he reported The president remarked that the governor had a long hard motor trip The governor replied Yes I did but I got here on Two Governors Between The president and the governors with Federal Judge Charles A Dewey sat at one table with Gov ernors Hjalmar Peterson of Minne sita and Guy P Park of Missouri etween the president and Landon Gov R I Cochran of Nebraska Gov E W Marland of Oklahoma overnor Herring and Dewey were seated around the table in that or der They ate fried chicken with corn on the cob Other guests numbered around 50 or 60 sat at half a dozen other ables Twentysix highbacked chairs ined the walnut paneled walls of Herrings office scene of the Irought parleys A straight lowbacked walnut hair stood at the right of Herrings hair for the president A large bouquet of flowers from he state house grounds adorned he huge glass topped desk Two arge baskets of gladiolias were in pposite corners of the room Straight to Statehouse Only a few minutes after his rain pulled in the president was riven straight to the 53 year old old domed statehouse to wait the rrival of Landon and the governors f Nebraska Missouri and Oklaho ma Gov Phillip LaFollette of Wis onsin was due In Des Moines later hursday Gov Hjalmar Petersen of Minnesota had arrived here and oth he and Governor LaFollette to meet Mr Roosevelt at a din er aboard his special train and hold onferences afterward In all there were four democratic overnors one farmerlabor one rogressive and one republican pre ared to dine and confer in the corn elt capital packed by additional housands drawn here by the hate air one of the largest in the coun ry Officials estimated more than persons were along the line f march from the depot to the cap ol to see Roosevelt and Landon oth had asserted before hand their leeting here was strictly nonpar san Met by Governor Governor Herring and Mayor Jo eph H Allen of Deg Moines met president at the station and ode with him through flag decor ted streets the two miles to the apitol A cavalry troop lined up at the and was made president in train and a bugler sounded a presi dential salute as Mr Roosevelt ;