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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 2, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL UI Attodated Prtas and United Pros Full Leased Wires Five CenU Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 2 1946 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGIO Mion Clly Snniiy p m WTAP HI Mon C D S I WOJ Anev p m WSUI low Cltj Thnrjdj p m Do Women Really Wont Equality MAYBE Ill he proving myself more foolhwdy than brave but in this commentary Im going to pass along some thoughts on the subject of womens place in the presentday world scene For as long as I can and long before that in facti there has been a movement to give womenah equality with men be fore the law The first step to this end in our own country was the ranting of equal suffrage The leader in this fight after the passing of Susan B Anthony was one Carrie Chapman Catt Mrs Cart once held forth as super intendent of schools in a building squarely across the street from where I sit as I jot down these words Her then husband was my predecessor as a Mason City edi tor I have never been privileged to Ibow Mrs Catt although Ive seen and known her works at close range One of the thingsI remem ber about her was connected with a visit she once made to Cedar Eapisls in the suffrage cause 1he editor of one of the Cedai Rapids papers at that was during my years in the Uni versity of lowarwas Cyrenus Cole later to serve with distinc tion in the lower house of congress How he felt about woman suffrage was reflected in the fact that throughout the convention in question his newspaper consist ently spelled Mrs Catts name with one t That incident I think rather typifies the difficult task encount ered by Mrs Catt andher col leagues in obtaining the vote for her sex But victory finally re warded their efforts Equal suff rage became the Jaw of the land in 1920 TJwasbne Who favoredsthe suff staiideiigjiganen1 are rare entitled voieefiiirfhe govern jment under which they must live i no less than males 3 But Fm realistic enough to rec ognize that the high hopes I once i entertained for equal suffrage i havent beenrealized And I am not optimistic enough to believe I that those high hopes ever will be 1 There have been isolated in I stances of course in which the 1 votes of women have effected re forms driven moneychangers from the temple and that sort of f thing But mostly the effect of I women in the voting booths has I been merelyto increase the her of ballots I Again there are many excep f tions But mostly husbands and wives are agreed on their voting even whenthey cant gettogether i on anything else At any rate fem I inine independence of thought in i things political has not proved a j decisive factor in governmental affairs the right to vote won W feminine leaders now have turned their attention to other fields fixed their view on hew stars JFhe idea that man merely by reasonof his sex should be lord and master is wholly repul sive to most women In the courts they dont want to be subjected to rules and re straints that dont apply to men In the field commercethey areinsisting that they should have equal pay for equal work and t they dont like the idea of seeing any field of economic opportunity j closed to them by reason of their j femininity DECENTLY Edward L Bernays i conducted a survey on the place of women in life and reported ris findings for Mc CallsMagazine He interviewed A hundreds of distinguished citizens f a fair cross section of the leaders of thought in this country and drew these 2 conclusions i 1 Thatbecause of her Jntelli j gence and natural abilities woman is the equal of man in nearly i every field of human endeavor 2 That because of ancient prejudices ancient laws woman suffers from a blighting discrim ination in nearly every field of endeavor TN business he found women get Jlower wages than men for do ing precisely the same sort of work In the professions particu there is a strong prejudice against women Even in education j it was front page news when for the first time a woman was made president of womans college Another of the revelations of the If it was was that despite laws gnarantee ing equal suffrage men run poli tics at every level from the school board to the white house i And in the matter of legal rights there are states which do not permit a woman to own prop erty or even maintain custody CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 FAIR ATTRACTS RECORD CROWD KING GEORGE II WINS IN GREEK VOTING 3 TO i Conclusive Returns Favor Return of King From Exile in England Athens interior min istry announced Monday that in complete but conclusive returns from Sundays plebiscite showed that the Greek electorate had voted approximately 3 to 1 to re call King George II from exile in Britain and restore him to the throne While giving no comprehen sive figures the a n n ouncemcnt declared that the final total for restoration of the monarchy would not be less than 75 per cent of the votes cast in the stormy election which cost 18 lives in the 36 hours ending at midnight Sun King George n day Approximate 40 persons were listed as having met violent deaths in political dis orders during the final week of the campaign A partial vote tabulation by the interior ministry did not wholly bear out its prediction of a 3 to 1 majority although the king held a commanding margin With 25 per cent of the vote counted the tally was given as 209636 for the king and 132805 forthe republic than 2 to 1 for the mon archy the SSyearoiit monafch the victory announced by the inteijor ministry spelled his 2nd recall from exile since he ffrst ascended the throne in 1923 Ousted by the establishment of a republic in 1924 following a military coup George regained his crown in 1935 when he won an overwhelming majority in a plebiscite He fled the country in 1943 when it was overrun by the Ger mans and set up a governmentin exile in Cairo Since the end of the war he has been living in retire ment in England awaiting an ex pression of sentiment by the Greek people Peter Mavromihalis minister of war air and marine declared the vote meant that the king will shortly be amongus by the will of his symbol of free dom calm and he will lead the struggle of Greece for securing the peace for which so much Greek blood was shed There was no immediate reac tion fromthe leftwing leaders to indicate whether they would co operate in a government headed ay King George whom they have accused of planning to set up a dictatorship and suppress individ ual freedom Clark Sees Pope Rome S Attorney Gen eral Tom C Clark was received sy Pope Pius XII Monday at Gastel Gandolfo the popes sum mer estate Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday except mostly cloudy in southwest portion Oc casional showers in extreme southwest portion Monday night Continued cool Low Monday n i g ht northeast to 48 in southwest IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 68 Minimum 36 At 8 a m Monday 49 YEAR AGO Maximum 84 Minimum 45 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 82 Minimum 46 At 8 a m Sunday 52 Precipitation 02 j YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 91 57 Wartime Draft Returns as New Fears for Future Loom Washington wartime draft ground back into action Mon 3ay on this first anniversary of VJ day As the army thus returned to conscription to swell its ranks after a 2month summer holiday for selective service there were these entirely unrelated but nonetheless significant developments bearing on preparations for the future 1 Members of the house military committee spoke frankly in Tokyo of their concern over Soviet intentions and urged that United States positions in the Pacific strengthened against what they ermed the imminent danger of another Pearl Harbor The assertions by the touring awmakers followed a 3 hour con erence with members of Gen Douglas MacArthurs high com mand Z The senate investigating committee cautioned that until jeace negotiations are ended and world peace machinery perfected it is essential this country maintain ense a strong national de The committee accordingly called anew in its annual report for an immediate program to acquire strategic overseas bases for a workable industrial mobiliza ion plan for the stockpiling of strategic materials and for other reforms based on costly ex periences of the last conflict 3 Taking note of current anx ety Donald M Nelson boss of his countrys wartime production made public a personal letter S wrote to Premier Stalin pleading for a better understanding be tween the United States and Rus sia Nelson who now is blueprinting a network of permanent arma ment facilities for this country at President Trumans bidding pro posed specifically that a group of businessmen go soviet union to lay the ground work for greatly expanded trade between the two nations 4 A report prepared by the li brary of congress said that while Russias present military strength is not equal to that of this country the soviet union by 1950 will have nearly as many men o military age as the United States Great Britain France Germany and Italy combined The end of the twomonth draft by the army be cause voluntary enlistments were running far ahead of brought a call for 25000 men this Price Ceilings Frozen Fruits Livestock Back Under OPA ControlRetail Meat Geiiing Next Week Washington Tuesdays grocery shoppers will OPA ceiling tags gone from more canned goods many fresh fruits and vegetables and from all froz en fruit The agriculture d e p a r t m en t yanked those products beyond OPAs control by omitting them from its first list of agricultural commodities in short supply which went into effect at a mSunday Live beef cattle hogs and dressed lamb on the other hand went back under OPAceilings and slaughter controls at the same moment with prices about 10 per cent higher than the ceilings which lapsed on June 30 Retail ceilings on meat will reappear one week from Monday The food products decontrolled by the agriculture departments action may not beplaced under ceilings again this month The new OPA providesthat nofarm commodity can be price controlled unless it apearsoh sup ply list to be issued at the s tart of each month Products riot so listed and there fore pricefree include Fresh apples grapefruit lemons and tanger ines Fresh Vegetables Snapbeans cantaloupes carrots 1 e tt u c e onions spinach sweet potatoes and tomatoes Canned plums prunes peas lima beans aspara gus and mixed vegetables Frozen fruits and lima beans corngreen peas and asparagus Other Products Cranberries Concord grape products hay pea nuts and peanut products except oil and meal other nuts hops popcorn broomcorn hum resin beeswax peppermint and spear mint oil dried apples and other appls products except canneed apples apple butter and apple sauce The agriculture department de clined to let OPA see its list be fore the late Saturday announce ment with the result that wool and items which already were out from under were listed among those being removed from price control By mentioning tobacco how ever Secretary of Agriculture Clinton P Anderson registered his viewthat this product needs no ceiling control Congress left the iinat decision up to the decontrol Lifted From Vegetables IKE IN AND OUT OF BOONE Pays Quiet Visit to Wifes Relatives Boonc Dwight D Eisenhower slipped quietly into Boone for an overnight visit with his wifes relatives and was gone Monday morning before many res idents of this city knews he was in the vicinity It was a different visit than the one he made last November when thousands of persons out side cordons of military police to see the supreme commander of allied forces in Europe arrive in a special railroad car But family illness again played a partin the trip of the U S army chief of staff Last Novem ber Mrs Eisenhower was taken to Boone hospital shortly after leaving the train and the general spent weary hours pacing the hos pital corridors as she fought against branchial pneumonia Aft er several days he left her in the hospital but well on the road to recovery This time it was Miss Eda Carl son Mrs Eisenhowers aunt She was takento the hospital Aug 8 with a heart ailment Mr and Mrs John Doud Mrs Eisenhowers parents came shortly from their home at Denver to visit at the Boone home of Mr and Mrs Joel E Carlson Mr Carlson is Mrs Douds brother It was from the Carlson home that Mrs Eisenhow er was rushed to the hospital by ambulance last fall General and Mrs Eisenhower took advantage of a speaking date of long standing to make the fam ily visit Leaving Washington Sun day morning they ilew to Des Moines where Mrs Eisenhower was met by an army car and brought to Boone while the gener al continued to Lincoln Nebr where he addressed a Veterans day crowd at the Nebraska state fair He flew back to Des Moines was whisked to Boone in another army car and arrived in time for a Sunday evening dinner at the Carlson home CAPACITY CROWD 2 DAYS view gives an idea of what the fairgrounds looked like when North lowans packed grandstand and bleachers forauto races Saturday and horse races Sunday Lock photo North Iowa Fair Program MONDAY Outside gate admission 25 cents 2nd Auto Racing Day Gem City Shows on Midway p by Mason City municipal band Judging of district and open class sheep p Speedways auto races wtih Barney Oldfield and rocket car Address by Frank Miles democratic nominee for governor p by St Ansgar high school band p parade and horse show 8 events TUESDAY Outside gate admission 25 Kodeo and Golden Wedding Day Gem City on a all judging p beef sale Concert by Mason City municipal band L Miller rodeo with 25 cowboys and cowgirls Introduction of Golden Wedding couples p by Mason City municipal band Address by Kenneth A Evans republican nominee for lieutenantgovernor L Miller rodeo board along with one on wheth er ceilings should be reapplied to eggs and poultry These were not mentioned in the list of short supply items 51 Killed 178 Injured in Bombay Over Government Bombay police reinforced by British troops pressed a sweaping roundup Monday of suspected trouble makers in an effort to prevent a new bloody communal rioting in which 51 persons were killed and 178 injured during the weekend An official announcement said that approximately 500 persons had been rounded up prior to noon and declared the drive was continuing and would be intensified during the day Except for a few stray cases of stabbing since morning and a little tension in one or two areas the situation in the city is near ing normal the added Many of those injured in the rioting which apparently was sparked by bitter MoslemHindu differences intensified by the In dian political situation were re ported in serious condition in hos pitals A curfew beginning at 5 p m and ending at 5 p m Wednesday was decreed in Bombayriot zones Monday afternoon The outbursts which broke out on the eve of Mondays inaugura tion of the first allIndian govern ment headed oy the congress party president Pandit Jawaharlal Neh ru coincided with the first ap pearance of black flags which the Moslem league ordered Moslems to fly Monday in protest against the predominantly Hindu govern ment in which the league refused to participate Earlier disorders broke out in Quetta Baluchistan 850 miles northwest of Bombay in which 4 persons were killed as mobs burned and looted stores It hafinot beendetermined what touched off the Quetta flareup During the Bombay riots angry mobs formed almost simultane ously in 20 or more places while hawkers swarmed through the city selling blackflag buttons Resentment was intense when the vendors appeared in the Hindu sections In Calcutta more than 40000 troops and 5000 police were alerted against the possibility of new communal disorders 17 Freight Cars Block Great Western Rail Line Hampton Great West ern railroad line east of here was blocked Sunday with the wreck age of 17 freight cars The wreck occurred late Satur day when the second car behind an eastbound locomotive jun the tracks No injuries were ported I ATTENDANCES SUNDAY PASSES SATURDAY HIGH Sunday Gate Total If 12601 Saturday 9596 at North Iowa Fair Sunny skies smiled at faffgoers again Monday as the labor day crowd began flocking through the gates before North Iowa fair offi cials had recovered from their amazement over Sundays record smashing attendance Surpassing even Saturdays ca pacity crowd at the auto races 12601 people went through the gates SundayThefigure com pared with a mark of 9596 for Saturday afternoons and eyenings shows the Sunday attendance forging ahead by virtue ofa larg er evening crowd The grandstand and bleachers were full again Sunday afternoon for the harness races thefirst tune that has occurred in thelast decade at least fairgoers in re cent years seemingly preferring the thundering roar of auto ex hausts to the pound of hoofs on the dirt track Gasoline alley took over again on Labor day as the crowdcame back for the 2nd day of auto races There were 3 special attractions for the afternoon crowd Frank Miles democratic nominee for governor of Iowa was for a brief address the grandold man of racing Barney Oldfield over after his Saturday afternoon appearance as did the rocketcar which used the newest method of propulsion on the straightaways although it had to switcbtogaso line in order to slow down foe the tight turns on the half mile oval The nlsals final the Frolics of 1946 Which Tnovett on to the South Dakota state fair Monday making way for the Horse show Monday evening A dozen or more horses were entered in each of the 8 events promising a full bill of entertainment follow ing the stock parade scheduled at 8 p m Tuesdays bill of entertainment includes the Clyde L Miller rodeo with 25 cowboys and cowgirls rid ing bucking broncos and steers roping bawling calves and giving exhibitions of fancy riding and roping on both afternoon and eve ning programs The annual auction sale of 4H baby beeves also is scheduled for Tuesday afternoon followuig the sale of lambs and market pigs at 1 oclock There are no QPA ceilings on the live animals either packers representatives or private bidders and County Ex tension Director Marion E Olson announced that he had OPA au thority to issue slaughtering per mits without cny redtape Bidding by private buyers peek ing prize beef tostock lockers was expected to give a consider able boost to the prices on the 4H animals As on Saturday afternoon the Sunday crowd overflowed from the grandstand and bleachers and thousands stayed on the outside to wander through the exhibition buildingsmidway and barns TheyWere fascinated by the midway sideshows as one barker insisted and even more fasci nated seemingly by the breath taking rides which friends and neighbors tookwhile others watchedThe Holloplane swung them aloft turning them upside down and over the ferris wheel raised them to dizzy heights and then dropped them to ground level again as girls screamed and clung to their boy friends youngsters rode midget cars circling a center pole arid jumped out hurriedly to race to thereal live ponies in the adjoining con cession Speedseemed to be the watchword even among the young er fry and little heels drummed the ponies sides and chubby hands thrashed reins up and down trying to hurry the plodding steeds A hawker blared out his chal lenge to name it and the Uni versity of Missouri will pay yon and a passerby suggested that cither Horace or Eegir nald ougt to be good enough for that price The hawker changed his line to Tell us what it is This strange animal has defied classification by scientists At the far end ofthe midway the crowd wandered into the Floral hall with its center display of horticulture and floriculture commenting about the squash from the I O O P Home which is 3 feet long and 2 feet throughand on pink cosmos with 6 inch dia meters just as oversize for their spicies Upstairs in Eloral hall they gazed longingly at golden brawn loaves and cakes and often as not trotted downstairs and out to the eating stand Some ;