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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 1, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS 7 H H I H H y Y IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 1 195 s ar Consis ot Two SectionsSection One No 28 Five Cents a Copy This Paper Consisjp ot Two SectionsSection One BIG CROWD AT full grandstand of enthusi astic race fans watch records fall on opening afternoon of photo by Sorlicn the North Iowa fair Thursday Sunny Skies Bring Crowds to North Iowa Fair Horse Races Vaudeville Holds Stage in Evenings The sun beat down on the big top Friday at the North Iowa fair for the 2nd straight day and Man ager M C Cap Lawson and other fair officials beamed as crowds lined up in the midway early and started pouring into the grandstand for another gala after noon performance As the crowd poured into the grandstand Friday Lawson an nounced that Thursdays attend ance topped the 1949 figure by 33 per cent He said Fridays crowd was about the same as Thursdays which filled the grandstand for the Buto races Ideal weather boosted Thurs days opening day crowd to 5400 paid admissions which with chil dren admitted free from 12 and under put the opening days at tendance close to the 10000 mark Indications werethat Friday was another banner occasion as golden wedding day was observed The largest registration of gold en wedding mar ried 50 years or the his tory of that activity at the fair was announced These honored couples filled the middle section of the grandstand as the afternoon show got under way Childrens Day Saturday Meanwhile plans were com pleted for childrens day at the fair Saturday when all boys and girls 16 years and under are to be admitted free at the gate and to a performance at 10 grandstand a m m m m The main grandstand attraction on Saturday and Sunday after noons will be the Joie Chitwood Daredevils a thrill show which is rated the best in the country Using cars and motorcycles the Daredevils will perform just about every stunt trick in the book in a show which is booked for a 2i hour performance Several autos will be broken to bits intentionally as the expert drivers risk serious injury on the half mile dirt track Running Races Set Friday afternoons big attraction was the running races before the grandstand with many of the mid wests leading horses set to com pete Fair officials made many contacts in several states to line up the crack field On tap for the program which opened at 2 p m were 5 derby dashes with blankets to be pre sented to the winner of each race by sponsoring local auto firms The slate was to open with a 4J furlong dash Others 6 and 4 furlongs and the one mile and 70 yard dash Track in Top Shape A look at the track Friday morning showed it was in fine shape for the bangtails to race over Opening the grandstand show was to be a band concert by the St Ansgar band at p m For the evening performance the Nerthwood Land was to play at 7 p m Irving Grossmans Stars Over the U S A had its debut at the MidCentury fair Thursday night as the final note a successful opening day and evening Strictly on the vaudeville side the show gained momentum as it moved along with Fred Ma her rrjaster of ceremonies mixing up the melange of 9 acts accompa nied by Miss Barbara Small and the boys of the orchestra Vaudeville Offered Stars Over the U S A will continue each evening through Saturday in front of the grand stand It is a big time vaudeville show with a little of everything from the stage radio concert hall test was to be held at p m Friday A busy day in the showring was on the program Friday for live stock judges and exhibitors Com pletion of baby beef judging was 1st on the days schedule Judging of open class beef entries 4H dairy heifers amd the junior swine show was also slated Set 3 Auto Marks It was record day for the auto racers Thursday as the big cars roared to 3 new 3 different drivers turned the trick The record setters were Emory Collins king of the speedways from Le Mars Russ Lee the big blond Robbinsdale Minn veteran and Leon De Rock the black haired Mason City pilot who is in his freshman year on the big car circuit The races got the fair off to a roaring start for its 5day run A complete change of vaudeville bills between the afternoon and evening shows also is expected to push attendance this year A full grandstand saw tljie Thursday aft ernoon events The records were set in succes sive races Collins posted the best time trial mark for a half mile a time of 2480 which was only 35 of a second over his record es tablished for the track here in early summer Breaks Luptows Mark It was Collins who put the 1st new record in the books He took the initial race over 2J miles in well under the record of Frankie Luptow at set in 1949 In this race De Rock led for a lap and a half before the Le Mars veteran pushed to the front never to be headed The 2nd race proved to be something of a freak It was run over miles with an attempt made to shatter the record for the distance and the attempt was good Lee took a tremendous lead in his powerful Offenhouser after 2 laps but then he had motor trouble and made a couple of swings around the oval on only 2 cylinders with Claire Cotter of Austin passing him on the 4th lap Lee continued to sputter and fight Congress Okays Family Pay Paves Way for Father Draft i Doctor Draft Passed Sent to President Washington 7P The senate completed congressional action Friday on a bill authorizing mil itary draft of male doctors and dentists The bill which goes to President Truman would make professional men through the age of 50 who are not in the reserves subject to military service It applies to veterinarians optometrists pharj macists and osteopaths as well as doctors and dentists Senate approval was by voice Reds Drive Mile Wedge in UN Lines under the bill for 21 months vote It followed similar action by the house Those drafted would be liable service The bill exempts from the draft those who are in the reserve No date is set as a deadline for en tering the reserves Those drafted would be called in this order First men who received part or all of their training at government expense and who had less than 90 days active service in the last Avar Second those trained at govern ment expense and who had more than 90 days but less than 21 months of war service Third those who got their train ing at other than government ex pense but who have never served in the armed forces or public health service Fourth those who got their training at other than government expense and have served in the armed forces and circus Preceding the night show the first round of the R Y P square dance contest was held with the Franklin county group winning the prize and the right to enter the finals Saturday night Another con to regain the lead which he did and won the race in record time He covered the 3J miles in to crack the mark of set by Collins in 1947 DeRock Beats Colter Then it was De Rocks turn to put out for a new mark He was matched in a special li mile race vote against Cotter and the Mason City newcomer to big time auto racing made his 3 loops in That bettered the old record of set by Bayliss Levrett of Glendale Cal in 1947 Pat Patterson of Wellman had the consolation race in the bag with a big lead after 3 laps around the track But he had motor trouble and dropped out of the race with Dick Johns of Minne apolis taking top honors The Australian pursuit race was won by Win Herner of Chicago after 6 laps Herner started at the rear of the field and finally passed Dick Eismo of Minneapolis the only other driver remaining in the race Although 7 autos started the feature race only 4 finished and the head of the list was Collins Lee pressed Collins close for 2 with motor out on the 3rd lap Then DeRock came up fast to press Collins for the lead but his Offy had a broken rear axle and he was sent to the pits on the 5th lap The next chal lenger was Cotter Collins let Cotter get close to make a race of it and then turned on the power to capture the event in a close fin ish More than 2000 racing fans were in the stands to witness the big opening event of the fair Most of the drivers who com peted here will move on to Min neapolis to compete in the Min nesota State fair on Saturday In cluded in the group will be Col Jins Lee DeRock ancl Cotter Excess Profits Tax Is Delayed Washington fP The senate voted Friday 42 to 36 to delay un til next January any action on an excess profits tax The roll call vote confirmed an earlier voice Washington Chairman Vinson said Friday the house armed services committee in January will consider raising the top ago for the draft from 25 to 3 years He said the committee also wil consider extending the draft to veterans especially those who are single At present veterans with 90 days active service arc exempt Vinson said Thursday that fath ers to age 26 would soon be drafted now that congress ha provided allowances for depend ents of servicemen Asked what he meant by soon he said right away No Change Before 51 But Friday ho told reporters he doubts there will be any change in present draft procedures before January At present only men without dependents arc being called up Further Vinson said fathers might not be called while bache lor veterans arc still exempt Selective service officials had indicated they would have some thing to Kay on plans for induct ing draftage married men with dependents as soon as the family allowances bill passed congress Both the house ancl senate gave final approval Thursday to the allowances measure sending it to President Truman for signature It provides sums of S85 to SI65 a month for the families of en listed men GIs would contribute from S40 to a month toward the allowances from their own pay The government would pay the rest 60 Are Rejected Officials estimated there are 1000000 married nonveterans of draft through that up to 400000 would qualify for induction Thats applying the rough ratio supplied by Maj Gen Lewis B Hershey selective service director that 60 per cent of draft eligibles are being rejected because of fail ure to meet rigid service physical and mental standards The allowances for Gt de pendents arc estimated to cost 5300000000 from last Aug 1 to next June 30 These the monthly allow ances that would be paid G I families Solons Rush Control Bill to President Would Mobilize Home Economy on Wartime Footing Washington sent to the white house Friday a bill giving President Truman broad powers to control prices wages credit and strategic materials Both the senate and house passed the compromise measure on voice votes The house acted first President Truman is expected to approve the bill speedily but not before his fireside chat to the na tion Friday night on the Korean war situation emergency The home front mobilization bill would permit wage and price con trols consumer rationing real estate and credit controls Allocates Commodities Worked out in a senatehouse conference from separate versions passed earlier by the 2 houses the bill also would provide authority for allocation of scarce commod ities defense contract priorities and financial aid to defense pro ducers The bill as finally approved by congress and sent to the white house gives Mr Truman some authority he didnt ask for and doesnt give him some that he wanted Before the house had shouted its approval of the bill it defeated by a 155 to 20 standing vote a mo tion to return the bill to commit tee Malik Ends Term in UN Chair Beaten in Propaganda Moves By its action the senate adopted an amendment sponsored by Chairman George of the senate finance committee This calls for congress to take up an excess profits levy next January with the tax retroactive to Oct 1 or July 1 1950 Sponsors of the excess profits levy had been trying to write it into the administrations 34508 000000 tax bill They wanted the tax in the bill right they wanted it to be 85 per cent with July 1 1950 as the starting collection date TOTAL ALLOWANCE I Pay S 1 JX IRK 117 laps but was hexed trouble and dropped Daily Program FRIDAY Family Day and Golden Wedding Day p by Norlhwood band 730 p dance contests Over U S A on stage SATURDAY Childrens Day a childrens matinee by Osage band Chitwood Thrill show acts on stage p by Garner band p of square dance contests p Over U S A on stage From Pay JXO HO in in II i 117 10 XI 00 H500 RVIK 1cp i in Over Dtp 5111500 jliiiOH 11500 i iv ii VJVtlO TSTC GETS PRESIDENT Cedar Falls iam Mauckor 37 took over duties rriday as president of Iowa Stale Teachers college succeeding Doc or Malcolm Price who resigned June 19 Price is a fulltime pjofes or in the department of educa tion KILLED IN7 COLLISION Sclialler Theresa Ann Bennett 61 of Schallcr was kill ed in an automobile accident here Thursday A car driven by her husband was in collision with an other automobile on a county road about 5 miles south of Schal ler SAME Black Iraffla death in Ult A compromise between separate bills passed by the senate and the house it was whipped into final shape late Thursday by a confer ence committee of the two tranches No Opposition Seen The agreement was reached just about 6 weeks after Mr Truman asked congress on July 19 for power to combat inflation and speed production for an expanded military program Mr Truman has said he sees no need now for wageprice con trols or rationing He is expected to expand on what will be re quired of the American people in a broadcast Friday night The legislation goes beyond what Mr Truman asked in that it would permit him to clamp ceil ings on prices control wages and put consumer rationing into effect Run Out in 51 The only power which the pres ident asked ancl failed to get was control over trading on commod ity exchanges Authority for wageprice con trols and curbs on real estate and consumer credit will run out June 30 1951 as will authority for the president to set up special ma chinery to handle labor disputes affecting the national defense Powers relating to allocations and priorities rationing defense production loans the requisition ing of plants and the purchase of raw materials would continue un til June 30 1952 but could be used only in connection with con tracts entered into before June 30 1951 The bill would allow congress to revoke any or all of the granted by the legislation at any time Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clear Friday night Sunny ancl dry Saturday Low Friday night 54 High Saturday 86 Iowa Fair and dry through Sat urday Low Friday night 50 to 55 High Saturday 80 to 85 Light variable winds 5Day Outlook Temperatures will average near normal and rain fall will be light averaging from onetenth to onefourth inch Warm Saturday Turning cooler with showers Monday Brief warming Tuesday Turn ing cooler with showers Wed nesday Normal high 82 Normal low 56 Minnesota Generally fair Friday night and Saturday little change in temperature low 42 north cast 5055 southwest High Sat urday 75 northeast 82 south west IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette vvcather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 88 Minimum 56 At 8 a m 68 YEAR AGO Maximum 68 Minimum 34 By STANLEY JOHNSON Lake Success Sir Gladwyn Jebb took over as presi dent of the United Nations security council Friday determined to end Russian Jakob A Maliks month long stalemate of pending UN council moves to localize the Ko rean war A spokesman quoted Jebb as saying We shall turn the calendar back to July 31 We shall pretend that Malik has never been presi dent ancl get on with our work At Fridays council meeting Jebb reportedly planned as the first order of business the seating of a representative of South Korea and the refusal of a place to a North Korean envoy Malik had through one parliamentary move or another prevented this action while he held the presidency dur ing August To Discuss Korea Then the British spokesman declared the council would take up an American resolution declar ing the North Koreans to be the aggressors and calling on all UN members to refrain from aid ing them The Soviet Union will probably veto this ancl then we shall go on to our next piece of business he said That would be consideration of red Chinas charges presented by the Soviet Union of American ag gression against Formosa and air raids on Manchuria The council voted Thursday 83 to hear the air raid charges The fact that the 2 soviet backed items are on the agenda was taken here as conclusive evi dence that Malik would be pre sent and would not renew his boy cott of the United Nations ended when he assumed the coun cil presidency Aug 1 Asks Probe by UN U S Delegate Warren R Aus tain took the council by surprise Thursday by admitting an Ameri can fighter plane might have strafed a Manchurian airfield by mistake Aug 27 He asked for a full UN onthe spot investigation of the charges and promised if they were proved that the U S would pay an in demnity ancl take proper dis ciplinary action against those in volved When the delegates got their breath after this franker than is usual in diplomatic speculated that the United States may have pulled off a significant diplomatic coup They pointed out that it is high ly unlikely that cither communist China or North Korea will per mit a United Nations investigating committee to come into their ter ritories If they refuse these sources said the world will conclude that either the charges were frivolous oropagahda or that the 2 com munist states have secret reasons or refusing an inquiry They also felt that U S frank icss largely cancelled the prop aganda value of the communist ac cusation The council Thursday defeated a soviet move 29 to put charges of terrorism in Greece on the agenda Jebb called the Russian charges as revolting as Satan rebuking in coming from the representa ive of a power which uses slave abor and transports millions to Siberia in cattle trucks More Talk Less Belief Observers generally agreed that the west beat Malik propaganda wise on his last day in the chair Austin in a radio speech from headquarters early in the evening said the kremlin did the free na tions a favor by sending circus barker Malik to the UN be cause his spiel enticed more peo ple than ever into the big top and gave them a chance to see how phony soviet propaganda is The more he talked the less he was believed the U S delegate said Employment in U S Hits Record High Washington JP Employment jumped 1153000 in August to reach a new record high of 62376 000 Secretary of Commerce Saw yer said Friday It was the 1st time the 62000 000 mark had been crossed The August total for those with jobs was 752000 above the previous in July 1948 Secretary Sawyer commented The economy was gradually moving toward full employment before the Korean crisis With in creasing defense preparations il may be expected that this trend will continue at an accelerated pace Factory hiring was chiefly re sponsible fqr the upswing in jobs This sent the number of persons in nonfarming work to an unprece dented 54207000 last month The August gain of in nonfarm jobs was in contrast to a 280000 decline in farm workers Here the total dropped to 8160000 in line with a long downtrend in farm jobs The needs of defense industries on top of an already high leve employment has turned officials concern from the 1949 problem of unemployment to a worry ovei where to get all the workers tha will be needed AP Wircphoto EXIT Malik right Russias chief delegate to the UN security council talks with his adviser Aleksan der A Soldatov on leaving the delegates lounge at Lake Success Thursday Sign above Maliks headsignificantly expresses the fact that this is the last day Malik presides over the council Presidency ot tho council rotates each month alphabetically by nation U S Troops Retake and Hold Haman Largest Mass of Reds Believed Still in Waegwan Area Tokyo Korean reds crunching past mounting heaps of heir own dead hammered an mile dent in American 2nd divi ion defenses near the southern ind of the Korean front Friday 3rim young Americans dug into tigh ground east of Yongsan dur ng the night and waited for Sat urdays renewed onslaught Sixteen miles farther southwest swiftmoving U S tanks and 25th division infantry recaptured flam ng Haman late Friday in a slash ng counterattack that temporarily alunted the reds massive assault on that southwestern anchor of he defense beachhead in Korea Wonder About Reserves AP Correspondent Stan Swinton estimated that in 2pronged ac tions the reds had lost 2000 dead and possibly 6000 wounded The 3ig question Saturday was he said whether after such punishment the enemy could bring up enough reserves to keep the offensive go ing at such a pace The communists hurled a 2 division attack at Haman Thurs day night and ior a time threat ened to crack the American line But the U S 25th infantry di vision reacted swiftly lashed back and broke the momentum of the red assault Behind strpng air and artillery support American tanks and troops rolled intoHaman and re gained ridges west of the city 35 miles west of the vital allied sup ply k port of Pusan on the south east Korean coast Make Big Effort An American officer at the front said the communists were making their big I think it is their last one However an intelligence officer at General MacArthurs headquar ters said a 2nd major red offens another section of the still possible He added that the largest mass ofj enemy infantry still is presumed to be in the Waegwan area north west of Taegu The powerful red onslaught had set the front aflame on a 55mile stretch from a point on the Nak tong river west of Taegu south ward to the sea The newest strike on the roar ing front was a red thrust against the extreme southwest flank of the 25th division defended by the 5th regimental combat team Big Loss at Yongsan A mortar barrage preceded attack and a little later a North Korean plane in one of the rare appearances of the red air force dropped 2 bombs in the sector Neither did any damage At least one tank was reported in the attacking force Youthful American soldiers pulled back from Yongsan on the U S 2nd division front before a strong tankled red drive which pushed across the Naktong river These men on the left flank of the 2nd division had retreated Si miles in all AP Correspondent Bern Price who was with one of the last groups to pull out of Yongsan into the hills to the east said the men who gave the ground came out tired but not broken He said they were still in good spirits Aiming at Highway The Americans immediately dug in the hills east of Yongsan against the red thrust aimed at cutting the main highway between the supply port of Pusan and the communications center of Taegu Bodies are stacked up by the hundreds a 2nd division officer told AP Correspondent Jack Mac Beth But theyre still coming A U S 8th army communique reported 1000 reds killed and 3 tanks destroyed by midday But judging from earlier field dis patches the figures were ultra conservative The reds appeared to be making a supreme bid to wipe out the United Nations beachhead on the southeast corner of the Asiatic peninsula Some 50000 commu nists a 3rd of their estimated strength were involved This included 5 divisions 1 of them a full armored division making the push Two others were in reserve to exploit breakthroughs Navy Planes Join Navy carrier planes joined U S 5th air force and Australian fighters in swarming into the battle like angry hornets But the North Korean attack ground V ;