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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 1, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY AND DCS UOI ME 5 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XL1X ASSOCIATtO PRFSS WWED LEASED WKES MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 1 1943 THIS PAPFR CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS HOME EDITION Ulillf SECTION ONE AGAIN ROCKS BERLIN CHALLENGE JAP NAVYINRAIDON OUTPOST BASE Washington Indicates Operations Continuing in Nippon Home Waters Washington United Slates Pacific fleet challenging Japans stil powerful navy to battle in its own home waters has hurled a powerful force of war planes and ships against the enemy base on Marcus island f Xcws of the operation against the strategic outpost came from both Washington and Tokyo The Washington announcement said the action was planned for Sept 1 Japanese time Aug 31 domestic time and indicated it miKht still be in progress Wed nesday If this were true the in tent apparently would be to level the islands defenses The first information came from Tokyo which said that many planes and naval guns poured bombs and shells into Marcus at dawn Washington followed this with announcement before noon Wednesday saying that a carrier task force raid was planned for Sept 1 That the planeladen ships their escorts should have ar rived on schedule and that the attack is pfesiimablyIrfpro gress although no report has been received and none is ex nccted until radio silence can be broken Marcus island is west of the in ternational date line nnd Sept 1 there was Aug 31 in Washington Thus the navy statement that the attack presumably continues meant that American warshios were operating in waters the enemy heretofore had dominated long after their presence became known Marcus island is 1200 miles southeast of Tokyo and 900 miles northwest of Wake island on a line with Tokyo The action is the first against this enemy held outpost ciiard ing vital Japanese positions in the central Pacific since March 4 1942 Warships Attack Marcus Island ff Germans Report New Retreat in Donets Basin Area Claim Other Attacks Beaten Off Announcement Shows U S BOMBERS HIT AIRFIELDS PLANTS AT PISA 2 British Battleships Pound Reggio Calabria in Southern Italy American warships ami planes attacked Jlarcus in th fnsldered m the completely under Japanese control is shown t0 islancl routes to the south LAcitic have been guarded by the Haxvaiians Samoa and New Caledonia or ships were present but heavy antiaircraft fire was encountered The American planes dropped 96 bombs on the small island damaging hangars fuel and am munition dumps radio installa tions and aircraft runways The American force lost ony one air craft The island is about li miles long and of a mile wide and is the easternmost of the Japan ese Bonin group 3000 miles west of Honolulu There was no either the Tokyo statements or the navy disclosures here to show whether the action was limited to Marcus island or whether Ameri can forces had struck simultan eously at other points The Japanese obviously were badly worried however the To kyo radio pointing out that a force which succeeded in raiding Marcus have struck at Ja pan ilself Thc American naval spokesman said A carrier task force raid planned for Sept I is presum ably in progress at Marcus island The United States task force should have arrived on scheduled time However no reporthas been received from the raiding force and it is presumed that there will be none until need for radio si lence ceases to exist Not in 20 months of his war Ihe navy issued a statement reporting a raid while it still ivas in progress The announce m e n t Wednesday indicated complete confidence of the hish command here that Ihe task force was so powerful as to be able to cope with any forces the Japanese might attempt to throw against it There was about Ihe announce ment a suggestion of war of nerves planning with the navy possibly deliberately attempting to con front the Tokyo admirals svilh so direct a challenge that they woulxt be compelled soonor or later to throw their main fleet into action Marcus so far as could be learned here is not one of the main Japanese bases such as Truk i3aml further to the south but it is an important defensive position and listening post guard ing the southeastern approaches to the TokyoYokohama area heart of Japan When an American task force raided Marcus on March 4 1942 tinier the leadership of Admiral William F Halsey now the Amer ican fleet commander in the south Pacific no enemy aircraft BOND CHALLENGE IS ACCEPTED DCS Moines B B Hickenlooper Wednesday met tile war bond challenge of Gov Dwight Griswold of Nebraska with a S3750 check to start Nebraska off on its 3rd war bond drive Governor Griswold Tuesday j challenged the governors of the indication in 4T other states to try to beat Ne braskas record in the coming campaign He wagered a beau tiful big cornfed Nebraska hog market value S35 It would be difficult lo find a beautiful big cornfed Iowa hog worth as little as S35 Gov ernor Hickenlooper asserted buy a maturity value war bond from Nebraska to qive them a little start because 1 know well so far exceed them Bui if by some unforeseen cir cumstance they should exceed Uf then Ill donate the bond back to any charity Griswold shall name spoke As he wrote out the governor a personal check for to Governor Griswold to pay for the bond Takes Wheelbarrow to Haul Away Loot Los Angeles Caro santis house not only was looted but the robber stole the wheel barrow to haul off the take8 suits 2 rifles a couple of pistols a radio and Carosanlis tooth brush Then for no apparent rea son he pounded dozens of nails into the walls Danish People Heartened by Words From Refugees SayNazis Pou redkVblleyS Into Groups of Danes Stockholm tP Encouraging the kings remarks against which the Germans could protest Hanncckcn having crushed Den marks brief military revolt ruth lessly Germans Are Falling Back to Stalino Line London IIP The DNB German news agency reported Wednesday another German retreat on the eastern front in the Donets basin area southwest of Voroshilovgrad The dispatch was broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded by the Associated t Press The dispatch said Another shortening of the front involving the possibility of establishing operative reserves was achieved by a planned with drawal of German lines in the Voroshilovgrad area which the Soviets attempted in vain to impede The regular German com munique recorded by the Asso ciated Press saiii numerous Russian attacks in the Mius Kylsk and Vyazma sectors 011 widespread sections of the front were beaten off after violent handtohand combat Voroshilovgrad approximately 70 miles northeast of Stalino and 90 miles north of Taganrog is already some distance behind the front and the German announce ment indicated the naxis were falliny back upon the defenses of Stalino their army headquarters tor the entire southern front and ieriauslyMhreatcned inatn bastion in the Donets basin The German communique in effect disclosed the Russians along the entire from the Sea of small carried out assemblies of gainst any Danes hfs German troops kept up contin uous patrols in Copenhagen and other large cities in armored cars each of which mounted a bristling array of machine guns German soldiers and sestapo op eratives generally handled the en forcement of the martial law proclamation ns the regular police in Copenhagen and other cities re pledge loyally to The dictators iron hand meth ods restored at least surface calm lo much of Denmark and in Co penhagen the nazicontrolled radio said that some normal public services were being resumed Wednesday fused flatly ilannecken Danish people who have refused to crack under a German military dictatorship enforced eye wit nesses said by merciless street ex ecutions Refugees who made a daring flight to Sweden through nazi patrols declared they hid seen German mechanized troops pour volleys of machine gun fire into groups of Danes wailins on safety zone platforms for street cars Three Danes who laughed and joked when German soldiers marched by were shot lo dentil without a word of warning eye witnesses added Drastic measures were ordered by Gen Hermann von Hennecken military dictator to restore a state of normalcy to the nation which revolted against nazi oc cupation and was sabotaging Ger man troop supplies and arms pro duction King Christian who has been imprisoned with Queen Alex andria in Sorgenfri castle since the Germans took over the Danish government on Sunday marie his 1st public appearance short automobile outing under the watchful eyes of a German mili tary guard In the little town of Lyngby near Sorgcnfri castle 1000 Danes ignored Hanncckcns pro hibition against assemblies lo cheer their king and queen King Christians words o the gathering were brief I am happy to hear the Danish language still spoken in my country continue with that They were significant however for the Danes who ap parently interpreted them as an approval of their stoulhcartcd resistance against overwhelming odds Yet there was nothing in GIRDLES ARE STOLEN Chicago OP Burglars en tered a northside shop Mondav nighl When they left 5280 worth of 2way stretch girdles scarce these days went too police re ported Rokossovskys central tacked from Sevsk on Weather Report Mason FORECAST City Somewhat cooler Wednesday afternoon Wednes day night and Thursday fore noon Iowa Cooler Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon fresh winds Wednesday diminishing Wednesday night Ulllll lVfllllf Mill IUJ T 1 Minnesota Cooler Wednesday I Russia area night and continued cool Thurs Smolensk fell into day forenoon were attacking GflOmile front Azov to Smolensk Outy Tuesday Moscows suns thundered a salulc to Ihe forces of Gen Vassiily Sokolovsky which swept forward several days ago in the Smolensk sector lo lake Telnya vital highway and railway junction and crack the German defenses on the eastern bank of Ihc Ugra river In n twin drive a little lo the south forces uf Gen Constantino army at a 00mile wide front to push into the north ern Ukraine They were reported in Moscow dispatches to have ex terminated or taken prisoner the entire German garrison of Gluk hov the capture of which Stalin triumphantly announced Tuesday Along the coast of the Sea of Azov meanwhile the red army pushed on toward the seaport of Mariupol The triple victories all took Place within a day but news of the successes on ihft central and northern front were held bark by the soviet high command lo Rive Moscow an unprecedented 2lay celebration In Ihe north a drive on a 30 mile front from Spas Dcmcnsk to Yelnya whose fall was announced Tuesday threatened the nazis with 1 of the major calastrophies of the summer campaign because it brought the red army within striking dislance of the city of Smolensk chief German opera IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 87 Minimum Tuesday night 5R At Sam Wetincstlav f2 Rain Tuesday night 38 inch YEAR AGO Maximum RR Minimum 71 tional headquarters for the xvholc German hands in the opening days of the war in 1341 and has since served as Ihc hub of nazi offensive op erations of Belle one of Ihc mii great rauder bombers which bomber lh huge Bethune chemical plant ir northern France Tuesdav ii Allicil Headquarters In North Africa the aerial offensive against Italy with ever greater vigor American flying fortresses Tuesday made a 1000 mile round trip from northwest African bases to pound railway lines airfields and aircraft factory at Pisa Medium bombers meanwhile delivered strong blows at Rail way communications at Salerno Cosenza and in south ern Italy At the same time American orators from the middle east pounded enemy rail installations at Pescara on the eastern coast oE Italy A Cairo communique said thefreightyards were well cov ered bybombs with resulting tires and explosions The 4engincd bombers scored direct hits on ihe railway station and a railroad bridge and shot clown 10 enemy fighters which at tempted lo intercept them Two British battleships the Nelson and Rodney joined in the daylisrhl offensive against the Italian mainland Their 16 inch guns poured a heavy bom bardment into enemy coastal batteries in the area of Rccgio Calabria on Ihe Italian toe knocking out at least 1 gun and causing fires The same battleships with n cruiser and several destroyers engaged batteries in the area of Cipe Pclero also on the straight of Messina Enemy opposition was incffcc iC An Italian communique broad cast by the Rome radio and re corded by the Associated Press said allied planes raided Pisa Pes cara Salerno Cosenza and Catan zaro causing considerable damage and numerous casualties The bul letin said 4 allied planes were shot down by Italian and German fighters and hat oldens were de stroyed by antiaircraft The attack mi Ihe rail yards at Salerno about 75 miles Inlow Nmilcs was made Tuesday Might following daylight raids on Coscnza a Catanyaro an allied communique disclosed Other west coast rail targets at Saprj and at Cclraro about mid way between Salernn and Reggio Calabria were attacked in day light by fighterbombers The formations from north Af rican bases destroyed G enemy planes and lost 2 of their own the headquarters communique said while the Cairo bulletin listed only 1 American plane missing from Hie group which raided Pescara and knocked down 10 enemy T OX KA1D Thefamous leaning tower the London S W Peterson calhedrai and other historicmonu fiingslcd Iowa piloted the merits nl Pisa were spared by the great formations of fortresses which went for Ihe rail yard tracks and other military objec Pope Urges Leaders Make Just Peace London Pius XII culled upon the worlds leaders Wednesday to reach a jusl peace expressing his hope and faith that 1943 would see the end of the war and a new dawn of peace The pontiff spoke for 14 min utes over Vatican radio The broadcast in Italian was recorded and translated at the Associated Press listening post Tone Pius recalled efforts lo hall hostilities before they began and suggested that his present words uf especially lo all those willing to cooperate for be lo the advantage of every belligerent without exception V Speaking on the day that opened the 5lh year of the great est and bloodiest struggle in hu man history the pope was at pains lo stress his concern not for any one nation but for the whole hu man those he saw as seeking now for nothing but peace bread and work He placed his special blessing upon those wiio understand the great work of a real new order apparently an indirect thrust at Hitlers new order of passion and violence Woe to those who incite to conflicts between peoples who oppress unarmed and innocent peoples Upon those the anger of God will descend Pope Pius declared at another point Tile holy fathers message was utlercd al an hour that found Italys war impulse dead and gone as Churchill put it and Russian armies storming forward along an immense and terrible uattlcline in the greatest sue cesses they ever achieved A sense of aijproacliiiijr crisis m the course ami direction mid even duration of the struggle was implicit in he popes ad dress Although he mentioned no country specifically he said strongly suggested that be believed the time of crisis had arrived and ttiat Ihc war was in or very near its last great act Allies on Threshold of Big Events Expected to End PHP revealed only aencd powci GREAT DAMAGE IS INFLICTED IN MASS ASSAULT 47 Bombers 1 Fighter Lost as Attackers Meet Stiff Defenses London AP Great fleets of KAF heavy bombers blast ed Berlin Tuesday night in a Flaming 45 minute concen trated assault of blockbuster and incendiary bombs to usher in the 5tli year of war for Germans with an ordeal of fire and explodingsteel Great damage was in flicted on the capital in this 2nd massive assault in 8 days the air ministry announced Mosquito bomb ers hit Berlin twice follow ing a saturation raid a week ago Mondav night Fortyseven bombers and 1 fighter were lost as the bombers bored through stiff defense by German fighters and other planes struck targets including airfields in France and the tow countries Several nazi lighters were downed The first formations of bombers wth Canadians throwing theii heaviest planes into the attack aiso began pouring down explo sives at J330 p m and continued the hail into the morning an other year of war Kighl ir the heavy bombers lost in his rekindling of fjrcs in Berlin wore Canadian The tcrman communique reported Buy War Savings Bonds anili Stamps from your GlobeGazette i carrier boy NOTICE Effective Monday Sep tember 6 the subscription rates for the Mason City GlobeGazette delivered by moil outside of Mason City and Clear Lake and within 100 miles of Mason City will be a year 5375 for six months for three months and 70 cents per month Tlie rate by mail out side of the 100 mile zone is a year Rates to men and women in the uni formed services anywhere remain as before The price of newsprint to newspapers is being in creased by the authoriza tion of the 0 P A for a second time within six months a total increase of and these and other increases in the cost of production makes this price adjustment necessary The price of the paper where delivered by carrier remains at 20 cents per week Mason City GlobeGazertc 17 bombers downed Again the Germans relied on new tactics of throwing out swarms or fighters uhile hun dreds of searchlights probed ror the atuickers and antiaircraft fire was lightened This was iried in the raid on the capital last week and Jjter over Number Last year when T look pjt in attacks on the German capital there seemed lo he even more wuiis than in the Ruhr but then there were few fighters around wild 1 veteran of laK attacks it is the other around There were droves o fighters Tuesday night but the antiair ciafi Tire was only moderate It was he 77th raid ol the war year of the war opened Wednesday with the united nations on the thresh old of big events expected to bring Adolf Hitler to the brink of catastrophc The only question still debat able was the time the allies would require to demolish the greatest and threat to the worlds peace security since Napoleon Estimates as lo when the dream of world domination will crash in the dust of totil defeat covered almost any jrne inter val the next 12 ninths smashing the past 6 Russian summer offensive the sudden toppling of Mussolini the allied conquest of Sicily the perfection of the air hamburgerization technique and the reverberations which have shaken Hitlers Europe from Den mark to almost every informed observer to revise radically predictions on the end of the war The closest survey of high AngloAmerican and exile gov ernment quarters both military and political as well as a can vass of opinion in European neu capitals revealed only handful of persons expect the war to last much more than a year The shortest estimates of the wars cud universally were pre dicted on Ihc possibility of an internal German crackup Such a crackup was regarded most generally as most probable after the sudden collapse of Musso lini revealed how far dry rot could progress within a totali tarian state before siffns could he noted from he outside The best informed persons on the German internal situation be lieved Hitler with the strength ened powers Himmler as interior minister should be able to hold oft collapse through Ihe winter The estimates faced imponder ables such as the effects of the continued Russian successes day by day and week by week intensi fication of the air offensive which already has wrecked Hamburg and is rolling to devastation every metropolitan center in the reich Italys withdrawal from the war which is inevitable cither by ca pitulalion or conquest within a matter of weeks extension of re volt within the occupied countries and disaffection among the satel which is expected to lake 1 or more of Germanys allies from the war within coming months While the initiative on all European fronts had passed to the allies the possibility could not be ruled out that the Ger mans would make desperate ef forts lo retrieve the situation by surprise These might include a new weapon or a newtechnique Allied air strategists believed Ihc Germans might have decided on a method nf reducing the ef fectiveness of the air offensive It was pointed out that the bomber has been the supreme weapon of Ihc present war Mili tary history shows no weapon ever long remained supreme As soon as a weapon is developed all military experts concentrate on finding a method of neutralizing So far in Ihis war there has been no answer to an overwhelm ing concentration of bomber power But if the Germans found one before their cities were com pletely laid waste 11 might ex tend the war indefinitely and at least cause the allies millions of land casualties Observers on the British southeast coast declared the drone of the Berlinhound bombers was heard overhead for 2 hours siiiijrcslinff that the at lackniK forcr was as treat nr Krcafcr than lhat hurled acainst me cilj a week Mnndiv ISM when 2000 Inns of explo sives and incendiaries were dronpctl Characteristically the German tadio described the assault as a terror raid and asserted that Ihe Brilish bombers had been dispersed with heavy losses bv Thanks lo efficient defense he broadcast said the concen trated attack by British bombers as frustrated Above and below the clouds heavy air combats de veloped m the course of which numerous British bombers were shot down The German air force struck Hark at Unwind OI1 a compar tvely small scale A fexv nai Planes were reported to have swept over the cast coast of fcnslaml durins ihe ijRht Iroppinc bomfjs caused only slichl damage The KAF raid on Berlin fol owed a day of intense aerial ac iiviy which saw a large force of American flying fortresses attack inc AmiensGlissy airport one ol the largest nazi fighterplane bases in France with good re sults American medium bombers struck at the Vcndeville airport at Lille and at the Mazingarbe chemical works near Bethune in Prance Pilots on the Vendeville raid said their bombs hit a muni tions dump Buy War Savings and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ;