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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 1, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HAS COM R HIST MEM A ART OEPr OF c A 0 E S M 0 I M E S I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY BRIGHT SPOT VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FOli LEASED WIBES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 1 1939 IS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 280 NAZIS SMASH INTO POLAND IN FACE OF 2 ULTIMATUMS IT j i if j T T T i T i Britain and France Sound Last Warning That Failure to Withdraw German Troops Will Mean Immediate War 1C X It Invaders Claim Advance but Poles Say Way Is Blocked Bombers Trying for Bridges Poland Invaded by German Troops FRANCE OFFERS ULTIMATUM TO HITLER NAZIS Ambassador to Berlin Will Ask for Passport If Invasion Not Stopped PARIS French gov ernment Friday night announces that an ultimatum demanding tha Germany immediately stop a aggressive actions and troops from Poland would b handed the German governmen at once The ultimatum the governmen added states that in case an un France will fulfill her obligations and to go to Polands aid The French ambassador to Ber lin it was stated has been in structed to ask at once for his usual preliminary to a declaration of case Ger many refuses to accede to the terms of the ultimatum The French ultimatum follows almost exactly the lines of the one which Prime Minister Chari berlain Friday told the house commons t is making Germanys highly trained military machine went into action Fri day with an invasion of Poland Nazi airplanes supported the land forces with raids on cities Chamberlain Gives Ultimatum to Hitler toWithdrawTroops LONDON Minister Neville Chamberlain delivered what amounted to an ultimatum to Germany in the house of commons Friday night when he declared that unless German troops were withdrawn from Poland the British and French would have to fulfill their treaty obligations to fight for Poland Chamberlain laid the blame for bringing Europe to the verge of a catastrophic war squarely on Adolf Hitler The tenor of the prime ministers speech left little doubt that he believed Germany would refuse to comply with what NAZI EMBASSY BURNS FILES Thin Column of Smoke and Pieces of Charred Paper Are Observed LONDON through British German embnssy Friday began burnin some files apparently as a pre caution in preparation for possible from London A thin olumn of smoke appeared over ic embassy roof and pieces of barred paper floated to the round he termed his last and that a general war would follow There was an impressive silence when Chamberlain made his fateful pronounce ment although other parts of the speech were loudly cheered The prime minister indicated his lack of hope that Hitler would re cede from his military venture when he said II now remains for us to set our teeth and enter upon this struggle which we so earnestly endeavored o avoid with de termination to see it through o the end While Chamberlain spoke Brit ain proceeded with the evacuation of 3000000 women children and helpless persons from the big cities to safer places in the country the king signed a formal order of general mobilization by land air and sea Poland appealed to Brit ain and France to stand by theii treaty obligations and it was of ficially indicated tlmt there seems scarcely a chance of avoidin general war There WPS a burst of drop throated hear hears when Chamberlain told commons thn the German chancellor woulc plunge the world into misery to serve his own senseless ambition Chamberlain spoke in a de termined manner and his voice often verged on anger The house membership sat on the edge of the scats and leaned for ward tensely Chamberlain clenched his right fist into the palm of his left hand as he spoke of Hitlers 16poinl demands on Poland which he said had not been communicated to Britain and that the government knew of them only through a radio broadcast He castigated the nazi govern ment declaring As long as that government ex ists and pursues its motives of the last two years there will be no peace in Europe Chamberlain was entirely black except for a white wing collar Britain the prime minister sale will stand unhesitatingly behinc her military obligations to ai Poland in case of aggression Chamberlain made his state mcnt as German troops invade Poland and German planes wcr reported bombing Polish cities The prime minister laid th blame for the invasion of Polan on Germany declaring that Pol and had offered to negotiate th talian Station Is broadcasting I Get Along Without You NEW YORK was mly one Italian radio station on he air Friday when National broadcasting company engineers uned in and they reported it was playing I Get Along Without You Very iVeli dispute and had been turned down Before Chamberlain made his portentous statement to parlia ment Poland had invoked the clause of her treaties with Brit ain and France calling for their aid in case Poland is the victim of aggression Britain Chamberlain said has instructed its ambassador to Ber lin to ask for his passport unles German troops are withdrawn from Polish soil The prime minister indicatet the temper of the British govern ment by announcing that a bil would be introduced making mil itary service ages 18 to 41 whici would vastly increase the lieav forces already cillcd out under general mobilization order signe by the kins tcdny There can be no in tiur ope the prime minister said long ns nnzi government exisl and continues to pursue its pres ent methods Italy Not to Launch Operations ROME Italian cabinet announced Friday that Italy would refrain from starting any military operations The ministers had met with Premier Mussolini to decide Italys course of action as an ally of Ger many They met knowing of French mobilization and that Hitler had declared Italys aid would not be olicited in the German hostilities ith Poland for the time being In London King George VI Igned an order in council for fuli British army navy and air force mobilization Before the cabinet met at Vimi ale palace where il duce has an ffice as minister of interior Brit sh Ambassador Sir Percy Loraine lad sought an interview with talian Foreign Minister Count 5aleazzo Ciano to learn Italys in entions V Hitler Doesnt Need Italian Aid ROME UR Fuehrer Adolf Hitler Friday telegraphed Pre mier Benito Mussolini that he does not at this time require Italian military aid He thanked Mussolini for his recent diplomatic and politica help Receipt of Hitlers wire fol lowed a meeting of the Italian council of ministers at which i was decided that Italy would re frain from taking any military initiative Polish Embassy Will Depart From Berlin BERLIN Polish em bassy Friday announced that its staff was departing from Berlin immediately The Weather FORECAST IOWA Considerable cloudi ness probably thundershowers in northcentral and extreme west portions Friday night or Saturday not much change in temperature MINNESOTA Local thunder showers Friday night or Satur day slightly warmer along Lake Superior somewhat cooler in extreme westcentral portion Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis ics Maximum Thursday 85 Minimum Thursday night 58 At 8 a m Friday 70 YEAR AGO Maximum 80 Minimum 51 By UNITED PRESS Adolf Hitlers nazi war machine smashed into Poland Friday night in the face of a warning by Great Britain and France that failure to withdraw immediately means a Eu ropean war Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain charged in the house of commons that the nazi fuehrer had given the or der to march after Poland offered to negotiate He said a virtual ultimatum had been handed Germany saying Britain and France would fight for Poland Poland charged officially that nazi planes were bom barding open cities including Warsaw They said many ci vilians including women and children were dead or wounded Polish forces are fighting back and slowing up the nazi drive in battles all along the frontier they said but a Ger man communique claimed an advance on the entire front Communiques and reports from both sides indi cated that the undeclared war was spread over a huge area from the Baltic Hitler started his drive by annexing the Slovakian frontier where the German high command reported their mechanized forces had smashed forward on a wide front KGLO Schedules War Broadcasts In addition to frequent bulle tins KGIO carry three spe cial broadcasts on European de velopments Friday evening IIaf hour war news roundups will he heard via CRS at G p in and 7 p m followed by latest bulletins from Europe at 10 p m BULLETIN PARIS Polish radio broadcast Friday night quoted a lirst army communique an nouncing that the Poles had shot down 10 German planes and had repulsed two German attacks on the Wcstcrplattc a point in Danziff harbor New Order Issued by Government for Evacuating Pans PARIS new order for the evacuation oE Paris was issued by the government Friday night The order insisted that all those who are not obliged to remain must leave Paris at once It was announced that specia evacuation trains have been de parting every few minutes since 3 p m This service will continue until midnight Saturday Conflict Highlights BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS declares Britain will fight unless Ger many ceases aggression on Poland king signs order for full army navy air force mobilization calls for British French aid German air raid ers bomb Warsaw other Polish cities three German armies drive into Poland will refrain from military operations troops warplanes invade Poland Hitler calls it retaliation makes no formal war declaration reichstag acclaims law annexing Danzig orders general mobilization state of siege de creed parliament called house sources say no immediate action planned for calling congress or invocation of neutrality act President Roosevelt appeals for pledges against bombardment of civilian popu lations parliament called in emergency session Sept 7 Carol calls crown council to proclaim Ru manian neutrality cabinet holds ready neutrality proclama tion federal council decrees general Russia reports big victory over Japanese forces in battle on ManchoukuoOuter Mongolia frontier Germans insisted that their aviators were follow ing orders which were to bomb only military objec tives but they said that various towns described as open cities by the Poles were actually fortified Premier Benito Mussolini advised by Hitler that his pledged military aid was not needed proposed a fivepower peace conference after the German advance had started Some governments were will ing to accept it in principle but that proved mean ingless when Poland declined German warplanes swooped over Warsaw Friday afternoon in an air attack in advance of three Ger man armies invading this country Apparently they were attempting to destroy all bridges Official information indicated nazi troops were driving in three main from East Prus sia against Dzialdowo and Mlawa second from Pomerania against Chojnice at the narrowest part of the west border of the disputed corridor and third from Breslau against Katowice believed to have been evacuated There were reports here that German planes at tempted to bomb the Polish port of Gdynia but that the bombs fell into the sea Initial attacks on Westerplatte in Danzig where Poland has maintained an ammunition depot were announced repulsed by Polish troops It was reported that Grodno on the East Prussian frontier had been bombed and that Katowice was heavily bombed although there was no information as to the extent or the casualties Polish officials squarely placed the guilt of start ing the war on Germany Officials said the Polish government Thursday agreed to an act of media tion by the British government the aim of which was ;