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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 31, 1939, Mason City, Iowa MARLON H isr UEU a ART OtPT GF IOWA COUP DCS UOIHES IA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS PROGRESS EDITION VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUti LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY OCTOBER 31 1939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF FOUR SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 19 RUSSIA CLAIMS ALLIES AGGRESSORS Naming of Navy Head Is Delayed By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist WHY President Roosevelt has been so slow about naming a suc cessor to the late Claude A Swan son of the navy is by no means clear During the months fol lowing Swan s o ns death Charles Edison has been act ing secretary For that mat ter he was in effect head of the department throughout the period of his j superiors long Charles Edison jliness Its the consensus that hes handled the job very efficiently When Swan son died the general assumption was that Edison would be ap pointed to fill the vacancy But he hasnt been Hes remained simply acting Today its reported that the White House will make a selection after congress adjourns Why afterward Why not now If Edi son were picked its a foregone conclusion that the senate would confirm him in short order The conclusions unescapable that he wont be the presidential F D R has in mind somebody he likes better but who perhaps he thinks wont be so popular But just why Edison shouldnt be 100 per cent satis factory to him is a puzzle Be tween him and the executive mansion there never has been a hint of the IPs hard to ground than that the presidentwants a sucker politician eSiiMbys a worlds wonder at the upbuilding of a navy but he isnt much ofa dab at politics He isnt an ad vertiser of any consequence eith er Other Cabinet Changes Theres been talk of other cabi net changes but they dont loo probable Secretary of War Harry H WootJring and Assistant Secretary Louis Johnson supposedly dont agree worth a cent and it fre quently is surmised that the ad ministration would be pleased to wish Woodring out in favor of Johnson That however would create a smell that wouldnt be pleasant State Secretary Hull couldnt be dislodged with a charge of dyna mite Ultraprotectionists growl about his trade treaties but theres no substantial fight against him In fact if he were a little young er hed be good democratic presi dential timber Treasury Secretary Morgcnthau isnt adversely criticized No great amount of fault is found with Attorney Genera Frank Murphy The mail service has been ter rible under Postmaster Genera James A Farley but it already had begun to degenerate under his republicLin predecessor a 11 c i Brown Possibly Farley has macie it a little worse but not appre ciably worse Of course Roosevelt and Far ley have been rumored to be a outs but if so their squabble apr psrently has been liquidated if is IHness and Things Commerce Secretary Harry L Hopkins cant be eliminated Hes sick It would be inhuman to tie a cabinet can on him at the present juncture Agriculture Secretary Henry A Wallaces farm program is de scribed as a proved failure Ye nobody has offered a very con vincing substitute Heaven knows that Commerce Secretary Harold L Ickes econo mic book doesnt take you any where And Labor Secretary Perkins is as solid as Gibraltar Let anybody question with her reckon with fem inist sentimert But I dont know what her dope is She may DC as belligerent as anybody Duce Shakes Up Cabinet With Surprise 2 PROGERMAN NOTABLES ARE OUT OF POSTS French Welcome Shift as Possible Indication of Diplomatic Trend HOME Mussolini reorganized the entire leadership of the fascist regime Tuesday in a shakeup of cabinet party and op military posts unprecedented in its sweeping scope Seven cabinet ministers the secretary of the fascist party the chiefs of staff of the army air force and fascist militia and four undersecretaries of state were re placed in the drastic reshuffling In addition Mussolini himself yielded the portfolio of minister for Italian Africa to General At tilio Teruzzi II Duce removed his array chief of staff General AllierU Pariani whn a few months ago carried out military consulta tions with German army offi cers under the ItalianGerman military alliance signed last May but now no longer men tioned in Italy Pariani for whom no new post was announced was replaced by Marshal Rudolfo Graziani as head 3 Maniacs Escape From Prison Hunted IOOTA Mich police and deputy sheriffs were ing Tuesday for three maniacs one of them a former member of Detroits notorious purple gang who escaped Monday night from the state hospital for Ihe insane The fugitives avc Lloyd Lockner 23 Detroit who wis interned in June 1935 on a morals charge Hobart Erickson 40 Ironwood Mich and Sammy Davis 35 De troit former purple gangster Believes Mussolini Did Vigorous Piece of House Gleaning By MacKENZIE The explanation of Mussolinis sensational sliakeup of the fas cist leadership lies o my mind in two reasons which if this view is correct must rank among flic major developments of the European crisis They arc 1 IJ Duce lias done a vigor ous piece of housecleaning to get rid of a definite challenge to his supreme and absolute leadership 2 He has at the same time apparently consolidated his position of neutrality in the present position which was endangered by pronazi tendencies among some of his important lieutenants This realignment of forces Which assumes the nature of a purge isnt the result of a new situation being suddenly cre ated It has been bailing up for a considerable period of the army staff and by General Soddu as undersecretary of war Chief among those shifted were two fascist notables wide ly credited with proGerman tendencies Lieut Gen Achillc Starace relieved of the secre taryship of the fascist party at his own request and Dino Al fieri minister of popular cul ture Starace was named chief of the general staff of the fascist mile tia Alfieri assignment Although some ambassador waiting observers saw in the shakeup evidences les sening of German influence in Rome foreign diplomatic circles here generally attributed it to conditions within the fascist party and government and considered it without bearing on foreign pol icy However it was noted that it came shortly after the German ambassador IlansGsorg Viklor vcm Slackcnsen had left for Berlin on Sunday for his em bassy said an extraordinary reason Berlin officials said they were unable to comment at present on the cabinet shakeup They indi cated also that von Mackensens visit to Berlin was a routine one and not connected with the cab inet events In Paris French diplomatic quartors welcomed the Rome shakeup asserting that il duces purpose was to create a govern ment of neutrality The shifting of Starace and Alfieri was cited as evidence of a partial lessening of nazi influence in Rome i t Nov 23 as a day of general Thanksgiving President Roosevelt asked Tuesday that thanks be offered for the hope that lives within us of the com ing of an eventual world peace The proclamation designated the next to last Thursday instead of the last Thursdayinthe month House Leaders Study Neutrality The administrations neutrality till passed by the senate after a four weeks debate was sent to the house of representatives whose leaders were hop eful of a final vote before the end of the week Shown studying the measure before a meeting of the rules committee arc left to rightRepresentative Patrick Bolana democratic whip RepresenjaHve A J fcabath chairman ot the rules committee and wifl Administration Leaders Procedure Adopted for Neutrality Debate WASHINGTON tration neutrality forces advo cating arms embargo repeal won their first test of strength in the house Tuesday when their chosen procedure for considering the ad ministration neutrality measure was adopted The test came on a rule pro viding that the bill be sent to a joint senatehouse conference to compose differences between sen ate and house approved neutral ity measures The former contains no arms embargo while the latter passed last session does This action to send the bill to conference cqme a few moments after the house beat down 237 to 176 a republican attempt aimed at opening up the legislation to house amendments Foes of the embargo repeal still may get an opportunity to effect changes in the legislation through instructing the house members of the conference committee as to what they should insist upon in the negotiations with the senate Indications were the house would devote the two days to de bating the question instructing the conferees An agreement as to the time was not reached immedi ately however i The Weather FORECAST IOWA Generally fair Tues day night and Wednesday slightly colder in extreme norlh west Tuesday nisht 3nd in southeast and extreme cast Wednesday MINNESOTA Generally fair Tuesday niffht and WciJncsdav slightly colder in Red River valley Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette tics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum weather slotis 39 31 Building permits exceed for 10 months of 1939 ALVIN ROBERTS APTURESIOWA HUSKING TITLE Defeats Field of 18 Others in Contest Held Near Fairfield BULLETIN FAIRFIELD a record crowd Alvin Roberts of Atalissa in Masculine county Tuesday capped the 1S39 Iowa state cornhuskingr contest staged near here with a net of 24397 pounds of corn husked in SO minutes F A III F I E L D Icnry Peterson whose coordina ion and huge hands won him the owa cornhusking championship ast year fought to defend his Town Tuesday in lie annual ru al sports classic against a strong ield including two former state itleholders A bomb touched olf by State Secretary of Agriculture Mark G Thornburg official starter at 11 i m signaled the start of the jtrenuous 80minule battle on the John Jenks farm northeast icro A cordon of euards around each of the 19 finalists held back spectators to give the farm ath letes ample workingspace as they thudded ears against the ban year One hundred nineteen homes constructed this largest number in decade Two new junior high schools costing more than 000 with equipment near completion Occupation of fine new library expected soon after New Years Million gallon tank and fire substation com pleted on South Federal avenue Many local firms report outstanding gains expand facilities SEE DETAILS IN FOUR GRAPHIC SECTIONS OF THIS ISSUE Nazis Report Scouts Cross French Line Town Shelled Resumption of German Artillery Action on West Front Reported BERLIN official an nouncement said Tuesday that German scouting troops had crossed the GermanFrench bor der to explore territory in front of the Maginot line This was the first German an nouncement of the crossing of German troops into France The announcement did not say where the crossing occurred German troops were said to have found a deserted French sec ond defense line close behind the boundary posts and about a mile from the first French village an unfinished trench system In the first village unidentified by the German announcement houses were carefully entered but no soldiers or villagers were found The announcement said that the Germans undisturbed by enemy gunfire searched the vil lage and then marched on to a second community which also was deserted Enroute they were said to have found machinegun nests army equipment and other signs of precipitate evacuation French Town Js Shelled by Nazis PARIS sources reported Tuesday a French town about six miles within the border had been shelled heavily in a re sumption of German artillery nc tion on the western front The town was not otherwise identified Sharp land encasements were said to have coincided with Hie artillery attack as clearing weather released aerial recon naissance patrols over the allied and German Hues French antiaircraft shot at least one German plane 100 miles within French territory the military sources said They ex pressed belief several other Ger man planes also had been brough These informants said seven flights of French planes hac flown over enemy territory re turning safely with valuable in formation Concentration of Ger man troops opposite the Nether lands border in northwestern Gcr many was said to have been rc Tuefdiys Berlin communique said four enemy planes had buen shot down by the Germans Brisk land engagements curred in three sectors it was re the Moselle valley near Luxembourg near Saarbruccken 40 miles to the cost and along tlu Blics river east of Saarbruecken Some French military common tatovs expressed the opinion Ger many was not likely to launch bigscale offensive and wondereu if major German action might be confined to air attacks on Ih British Isles Gleaners with gunnysacKs ti ailed the competitors picking up ears missed by the buskers After the contest ended buskers rode On their loads up to the Jot where the loads were weighed and offi cials began computing final scores Deductions were made for cars missed in the field and for shucks which clung to those tossed in the wagon box In addition to former cham pions Lee Stotlgell 43 of Morn iiiff Sun and Clyde Taguo of Pleasant Valley there were sev en other finalists of former years in ctuest of the 1839 title They were Ernest Jensen of Harian Milton Kintzlc of Bernard Alvin Roberts of Alalissa Eldrcd Stallman of Fairfax George Steffens of Wiota Kenneth Wedemeyer of Adair anc Ray Wilson of Webster City Defending Champion Peterson a 41 year old Callender farmer spurted a net of 2918 bushels into his wagon to win the crown a Ringsted last year and Karolc Larson of Kanawha who is no in the running this year was run netup In llic national meet last year Peterson ranked twelfth while Larson came in third The champion and runnerup will re present Iowa in the national contest Friday near Lawrence Kans In 1936 Carl Carlson of Audu bon set a record for the amoun picked in the Iowa contests Hi net was 38 bushels Stogell who harvests his crop with a mechanical picker am husks fov fun was Iowa title holder in 3934 and 1937 In 193 he was fifth and he finishei tenth in 1931 and 193G Taguc also held the crown fo two years in 1929 and 1930 H finished fourth in 1931 and 1933 seventh in 1938 ninth ill 1936 an tenth in 1937 Eighteen of the contender qualified in district meets held tr narrow the field composed o 1939 county champions whil Pctcivon was entered by virtue o his victory a year ago Harolti Show of Rutland turned in the highest score in the district meets 355 bushels while another newcomer Eu senc Crouse of Conrad husked bushels the most in any of the county contests In the dis trict competition h o w ever Crousc netted only 277 bushels J By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS shakes up cabinet and military command German ambas sador returns to Berlin f par liament meets in extraordi nary session HELSINKI Finnish delegation prepares to re turn to Moscow with reply to soviet proposals diet hastens action to give gov ernment wartime powers BERLIN Artillery breaks of western front four enemy planes downed PARIS Germans shell French town six miles be hind front BASEL German troop concentrations re ported in black forest area sr t tj IS TWIN MOLOTQV HITS S MOVE TO LIFT ARMS BAN Chides FR for Work in Finland Pledges CoOperation to Nazis MOSCOW Vi iciieslav Molotov Tuesday night itlerly charged Great Britain and with imperialistic and aggression promised practical cooperation to nazi jetmany and firmly reiterated oviet Russias neutrality in the European war In n speech of international sig lificance before the supreme so tlie premier and foreign min ster disclosed that Finland had the most important Rus sian demands for bases on Finnish erritory and said that lifting ol he United States arms embargo would only prolong and compli atc the war The munitions manufactur ers will make profits he said oC the American congress debate but added tbit sueli a factor was insufficient cause for lifting the embargo as asked by President Roosevelt V Although he failed to give the nazis encouragement to believe they might later receive red army aid in the European war Molotov strongly backed Adolf Hitler in declaring allies were fighting a senseless war for restoration of Poland instead of for democracy and it would bring only bloody sacrifice and hardships working class Lloyd Hageiman 17 Havelock Is Victim of Hunting Accident Hager man 17 died in Palo Alto hos pita early Tuesday morning fron gunshot wounds received Monclaj afternoon while hunting on tin Adrian Logan farm 15 miles sroutl of Emmetsburg Hagerman was accidentally sho in the abdomen by his twin brother Lyle as he was extracting a shell from a 12 gauge shotgun The boys were about five fee apart when the accident occurred They were on a rabbit huntinj trip Darius Logan 17 was will the twins at the time of the ac ciclent The victim was the son of Mrs Ed Hagerman of Havelock Ni inquest is planned Funeral ser vices are being arranged LOOK INSIDE FOR JOHN L LEWIS Labor Leader Hints He May Back Wheeler PAGE 2 Keep Out of War Urges Legion Chief STATE PAGE Early Games Stretch North Iowa Schedule SPORTS PAGE ance with Mr Roosevelts decision to move up the holiday for busi ness reasons Some states how ever have decided to celebrate Nov 30 Mr Roosevelt said in the proc lamation that it was fitting to con tinue a hallowed custom begun by President Washington when he tasks for one day in the year and gixc ihanks for the blessings granted by Divine Providence Our nation has gone stcndiiy forward in the application of dcmS ocratic processes to economic and social problems the president said We have laced the specters of ment and of videspread agricul tural distress and our positive el fovis to alleviate these conditions have met with heartening results We have also been permitted ID see the fruition of methods which have undertaken in realms of health social welfare and the conservation of resources As a nation we are deeply grateful that in a world of tur moil we arc at peace with all countries and we especially re joice in the strengthened bonds of our friendship with flic other peoples of the western hemis phere Let us on the day set aside fta A tins purpose give thanks to the I War Ruler of the Universe for the strength which He has vouch safed us to carry on our daily la bors and for the hope that lives within us of the coming of a day j mm aid to the reich polHieafJsupS port to Germanss efforts ta ward peace and work not In spread war but to try to halt it soviet union has ma terially strengthened its own posi tion and Us international influence by extending its sphere in former Poland and the Baltic states but does not have any designs against the Scandinavian states wanted only a limited Black sea pact of mutual aid with Turkey in order to close the Dar danelles to enemy ships in war time but the Turks did not want our pact anc signed with Britain and France instead sought a pact with Finland on mutual aid lines similar to other Russian pacts but Finland turned down pro posals for teasing islands to Russia and exchange of certain territory for defensive purposes has been improvement in relations with Japan and that new trade negotiations with the Japanese are imminent He said Japanese initiative was re sponsible for the armistice on tiie MongoliariMiindiurian frontier that Russia had suffered great losses in fighting there but Japan suffered greater ones Significantly perhaps Molotov did not go into Russian policy re garding the Balkan states where some foreign observers hnve feared soviet penetration possibly in co operation with Germany The premiers declaration was unanimously adopted by the su preme soviet which included dele gations from the new territory of white Russia and west Ukraine formerly eastern Poland Continuation of wav on the grounds of restoration of Poland Jj senseless Molotov said i is for peace but Britain now is the aggressor he declared The extraordinary joint session or the two chambers of the su preme soviet council opened in the great St Andrews hall at the Kremlin at p m Molotov bc fan speaking p m after the delegates had voted an agenda calling for Molotovs report on foreign policy and reports from the delegates of Polish nreas now incorporated in the soviet union More than 1000 deputies in cluding 131 from Russia and western Ukrafnia in picturesque native costumes we a 10 minute ovation to Jnser Slahn as he entered the chamber the floodlit former tfirotic room of the czars arrived with Molotov Commissar Klementi Vor V and President Mikhail I Kalinin Former Foreign Commi far Maxim LHvinotf was among the cheering delegates There have been important when peace and the productive the international situ ;