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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 30, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH I OWANS N 11 G H 0 J HOME EDITION VOL JLVII Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cent a MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER 1950 TlUt Paper Consists of Two One One Man Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Its Bess vs Judd Take Your Choice LIFE becomes mighty simple for a radio commentator when hes able to draw on his mail for his periodic effort That describes my situation this week Ive heard from some extremely interesting people lately and this commentary is going to consist entirely of 2 letters out of my mail They go back to the time re cently when I devoted my weekly visit to the situation in Asia I pointed out that 2 of my highly respected one an accepted authority on the sub poles apart in their fundamental conclusions with re spect to China Ones Judd Others Bess One of these acquaintances was Dr Walter Judd of Minneapolis who took his place in the lower house of congress some 10 years ago after an extended period of service as a medical missionary in China It was his interest in the far east that lured him into poli tics Ive always believed The other of these 2 respected acquaintances was Demaree Bess associate editor of the Saturday Evening Post an accredited au thority on world affairs including the far east where for several years he served as a newspaper correspondent The difference between the viewpoints of Dr Judd and Mr Bess on the China question is pretty well summed up by their contrasting estimates of Chiang Kaishek To Dr Judd the gen eralissimo is a hero of the first water to Mr Bess hes so bad that the forces of democracy couldnt possibly rally about him Divided on Lattimore The disparity between their views is also manifest with respect to Owen Lattimore While Dr Judd so far as I know never has hinted that Lattimore might be a communist he patently thinks that Lattimore had too many friends were communists and that he was much too trusting so far as the Chinese reds were concerned These are some of the things I brought out in my commentary Somewhere along the line I let it be known that even though I had greatrespect for both of these able men I wasnt even momen tarily in doubt about whose cor ner I belong in Make mine Judd I said So much by way of setting the stage for the letters prompted by my commentary And I think well hear from Mr Bess first Opens With Denial After a cordial greeting from the Saturday Evening Post editor who was my contemporary at the Uni versity of Iowa there was aquick getting down to business This took the form of denying my claim that Mr Bess had defended Owen Lattimore in the columns of the Post That isnt true he said I have never referred to Mr Lattimore in the Post either rectly or by inference Mr Bess wrote What I did do was to write a letter to the Tydings committee from Paris France after I had read newspaper reports that Sen ator McCarthy accused Lattimore of being the top soviet agent As proof I cited a visit by him to Moscow in 1936 I was working in the Russian capital at that time as correspondent for The Christian Science Monitor and Lattimore was my house guest I saw more of him than any other American did at that time and the charge seemed to me to be fantastically ludicrous He Felt an Obligation I dont know what YOU would have done under the circum stances Demaree Bess added in this personal letter to me but I considered it my duty to write to the Tydings committee concern ing this specific visit Later when I returned from Paris Senator Tydings asked me to read this let ter to the committee and submit to questions No member of the committee asked me a question Moving on to another aspect of my commentary which prompted the letter from Demaree Bess an associate editor of the Saturday Evening Post I quote again As for your conclusion that Dr Judd and I are diametrically op posed on China a study of my own writings in the Post and else where will show that is not true Dr Judd and I are in complete agreement about the sellout at Yalta which I wrote at the time was both dishonorable and dan gerous Had 2 Strikes On It After that the state depart ment which had nothing to do with the Yalta decisions was faced with the task of recovering as much as possible for our posi tion in China Wherij I part com pany with Dr Judd is in interpret ing subsequent events Dr Judd sincerely believes that U S postwar policy handed over China to the communists I feel that the Yalta decisions combined with Chiangs own blunders and events in China before and dur ing the war were chiefly respons ible for communist victories Thought Judd Wanted War talking with Dr Judd De maree Bess continued in his let tir to me I got the impression CONTINUED ON PACE 2 JAILED TRUCKER GETS Di Donatis 26 with his wife yearold son Dennis at home in Philadelphia after being released Sunday by perior court judge DiMonatis was jailed for driving an overloaded truck on ways When released pending jury trial he was laying out a fine AP Wiiephoto Mary and 4 an Indiana su Indiana high at a day Probe Fee Collected on Adjusted Tax Des Moincs charge that an Iowa tax commission field auditor accepted money for an audit made in connection with ad justing a farmers state income tax will be investigated by the commission Commission Chairman George Robb said Sunday the commission most certainly will investigate the matter Lester S Gillette democratic candidate for governor of Iowa said in a campaign speech at Hampton Saturday that Alfred C Larson of Eagle Grove was the auditor involved Gillette said Larson checked the income tax statements of Lloyd Howerter of near Woolstock for 1944 through 1948 and as a re sult of Larsons audit Howerter paid a deficiency tax of about S600 Gillette said Howerter also paid Larson as a fee for personal services in setting up the audit Received Check Larson contacted in Minneap olis where he was visiting said it was correct to say that Howerter gave him a check for on June 1950 He declared however that the payment was for bookkeeping and work on Howerters federal in come taxwhich Larson did out side his regular working hours Larson said he also had done federal income tax work for Alvin P HovUwid a farmer living near Webster City Outside Work Larson said he assessed Hov land state income taxes and pen alties of and Hovland then paid Larson S250 for work done on Hovlands federal income tax Robb said he did not know of any regulation of the commission or any law that would prevent an auditor from doing outside work The tax commission head said Larson might be called to Des Moines to discuss the case with the commission Robb said that if the situation is as Gillette says it is Larson should not be doing that sort of thing Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Continued fair and warm through Tuesday Low Monday night 46 High Tuesday 76 Iowa Fair and continued warm Monday night and Tuesday Low Monday night 45 to 50 High Tuesday 75 to 80 Con tinued southerly winds 1520 MPH Tuesday Further outlook Partly cloudy and a little cooler Wednesday Thursday fair and warmer Minnesota Fair and mild Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy and turning a little cooler Low Monday night 4250 High Tues day 6065 north 6874 south IN MASON CITY Globe Gazette weather statis ics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Oct 30 Maximum 79 Minimum 45 At 8 a m 51 Year Ago Maximum 66 Minimum 36 GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hours ending at 8 a rn Sunday Maximum 70 Minimum 42 At 8 a m 51 YEAR AGO Maximum 08 Minimum 43 Whether to Arm Germans Is Question Facing Europeans By ELTON C PAY Washington Atlantic powers defense committee set out to finish framing Monday the structure of a combined defense force to protect western Europe against any aggression from Rus sia But interposed was an old ob stacle over which the Atlantic na tions had stumbled should German forces be organ ized to participate in the com mon defense If so under what conditions The opening of Mondays ses sion held forth hopes that the de fense ministers of the 12pacl countries could iron out details and disagreements by Monday night It was a hope not a cer tainty Sureests Delay In the 1st closeddoor meeting of the defense committee on Sat urday French Defense Minister Jules Modi presented his govern ments ideas about the German question Presumably they were as stated before The rearming of western Germany the formation of German military forces should wait until some form of European defense council is formed This civilian council would control a supranational military force If eventually there are any German units in it they shouldnt be big but should be smaller than di vision size This isnt the idea of the United States and Britain They contend the menace of Russia is so great and urgent that everything possi ble should be done cluding formation of German units to help the combined defense They have offered guarantees on the size and control of the German units but not the kind Mochs government demands Consult by Phone Everyone talked about it for long hours on Saturday Then after all the ministers had a chance for consultations with their home governments during a Sun day recess they were called back Monday morning to talk some more For some reason final agree ment to establish a supreme com mand had been left aside while the conferees talked about the French position on German rearmament andon other matters This was de spite a previousgeneral informal accord on creating the command the widespread understanding the commander probably would be the American general Dwight D Ei senhower Margaret Truman Stops a TV Show New York Tru man wearing a strapless dress stormed television for the first time Sunday night with two short songs that stopped the show and drew an estimated audience of 10000000 persons The 800member studio audi ence was so enthusiastic over Miss Trumans performance that it forced cancellation of the last act of the hour1 o n g Toast of the Town revue with round after round of applause Critics said Miss Trumans so prano voice showed marked im provement and members of the audience who jammed her dress ing room after the show congrat ulated her on her poise and lack of nervousness SUPPORTS GAMBLING DRIVE DCS Moines Iowa Uni tarian association has passed a resolution pledging support of At torney General Robert L Larsons drive against gambling Reds Isolate French Fort Saigon Vietnam Indochina fP Vietminh forces stepped up their attacks Monday on an outpost of Laokay and that isolated French fortress city on the border of communist China was cleared of all civilians The attack was on Fort Henne quin which lies only two miles east of Laokay A French spokesman denied military been evacuated from Laokay but said its precarious position precluded any unconditional resistance Laokay is more than 900 miles north of Saigon Escape corridors through the mountains were re ported closing The spokesman did not disclose further French plans but said necessary military dispo sitions would be taken at the proper time The embattled defenders of Fort Hennequin reportedly took a heavy toll of the attackers They fought back with artillery and air support Other fighters and bombers struck at Vietminh elements seen building barges at two points along the Red river about 10 and 18 miles south of Laokay The Vietminh forces were ap parently aiming at crossing the river and encircling Laokay from the south Two Chinese Divisions in V Action Against UN Army Korean Reds Force ROKs Into Retreat By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Two made up mostly of Chinese com Monday night on the Korean east coast city of Hamhung far behind the slowing allied advance toward the Manchurian border South Korean republican officers said the counterat tacking force numbered more than 10000 men and was 30 miles northwest of The reds were reported well organized and full of fight This development came shortly after a U S 10th corps spokes man said a full Chinese regiment was in action in the same the 1st official word that a size able Chinese force was helping the desperate North Koreans Situation Serious Commenting on tue Hamhung report relayed by AP Corres pondent Bern Price the 10th corps spokesman said it is basi cally on the right track but the units in mention are larger than our information indicates Thus it still was not clear Russia Will Not Recognize Lie if Term Okayed By STANLEY JOHNSON Lake Success security council Monday overrode Russian objections and decided to let the vetofree general assembly take up Tuesday a proposal to extend he term of UN SecretaryGeneral Trygve Lie Russias Jacob A Malik then iold the council the Soviet Union would not recognize Lie as the iegal secretarygeneral if the as sembly extended his term The action took place at a closeddoor meeting of the 11na ion council which has been dead Cocked over the problem of Lies iuture Malik opened the meeting by demanding that the council con tinue its efforts instead of tossing he problem to the assembly He contends the assembly has uo authority to act except on can didates nominated by the council Other countries say the assembly can extend Lies term Malik proposed formally that the council ask the assembly to postpone its debate scheduled for Tuesday morning on a 14nation aroposal for giving Lie a 3year jxtension He was voted down 7 o 1 with India nationalist China and Egypt abstaining Russia cast he lone vote in favor of a post ponement of the assembly meet ins Malik has vetoed Lie once and LI S Delegate Warren R Austin ias indicated he will cast the first American veto if necessary to prevent council nomination of anyone else but Lie Hell Stay Grounded Fort Worth Texas C Pitchford a retired grocer has doneso well on the ground that ie refused an airplane ride on his 90th birthday whether the South Korean report on the number of Chinese was ex aggerated However Americans in the Korean military advisory group KMAG said they consid ered the situation serious The enemy force was reported smashing at the flank of the South Korean 26th regiment about 10 miles south of the big Chosin hy droelectric reservoir The reser voir is about 40 air miles south of the Manchurian border Chemical Center Price reported that a captured Korean red officer said the at tacking force was under orders to capture Hamhung a huge one time chemical center by Wed nesday There still was TIO indication whether this was considered open intavention by red China in the Korean war Other official spokesmen earlier disclosed some individual Chinese had been cap tured That was not regarded as intervention The most critical area in the blazing northwest front was near Onjong U S tanks and artillery were rushed there to help the Republic of Korea 6th division This is about 45 miles south of the border More than 10000 communists reported to include some Chinese chewed the division by onethird in 3 days of fighting and forced it to flee in disorder Vital Power Plant But the Chinese regiment re ported by the 10th corps spokes man was pinpointed in action in northeast Korea south of the big Chosin hydroelectric plant reservoir about 40 miles south of the Manchurian border The plant supplies vital electric power to Manchuria The ROK 3rd division was stalled in its push toward the reservoir from Hamhung on the east coast In addition to these reinforce ments North Korean women were reported going to the front The reds evidently were trying to hold at all costs until wintry blasts overtake the allied forces On the left flank of the re treating ROK 6th division the 5th regimental combat team of the U S 24th division battled to with in 34 miles of the Manchurian border U S Casualties Heavy APCorrespondent William Jor den reported the Americans suf fered heavy casualties from mor tar and small arms fire By night fall the regiment was digging in two miles east of Kusong after a 5mile advance The Americans killed some 400 reds and took 115 prisoners in cluding two Chinese Pedestrian Killed on Iowa Highway Monticello Stahl berg 54 Monticello was killed Sunday when he was struck by a car on highway 151 just north of the Monticello city limits John Bohlken Scotch Grove the driver said Stahlberg stepped from the shoulder of the highway into the path of his car Communists Well Across Tibet Line Calcutta India Kalim pong correspondent for the news paper Statesman said Monday that Chinese communists who launched an attack on Tibet are now well in tothat mountainous coun try and are expected to aim a 3 pronged drive on Lhasa Tibetan capital The invaders were reported well beyond the Yangtze river China has never formally recognized the river as the boundary line with Tibet although a 1914 convention participated in by China Tibet and Britain fixed the Yangtze as the boundary China did not ratify the convention Weather Okay The correspondent said that contrary to popular belief the present weather is considered suit able for military operations with snowfalls light and river levels low due to freezing at their sources Tibetans were not expected to light pitched battles unless at tacked but to resort to guerrilla tactics as in previous wars be tween China and the priestgov erned country the Hima layan mountains The Kalimpong correspondent gave this picture of the reported invasion The Chinese appeared to be concentrated at Tehtsiri in southeast Tibet about 460 miles from Lhasa and at Yushu Jye their base in the Chinese province of Tsinghai about 400 miles northeast of Lhasa Battle High Advance red units were reported in 15000 foot Donrigma pass about 360 miles northeast of Lhasa The reds are expected to de velop an attack from Yushu and Nagchuka toward Lhasa con sidered the easiest route toward the Tibetan capital from Yushu and Rimoche toward Lhasa and from Drya southeastern Tibet toward Lhasa A fourth prong is expected to push from Tehtsin toward the Tibetan districts of Zayul and Tsawarong All of these thrusts apparently are being developed westward from Chinas Sikang and Tsinghai provinces into Tibet A diversion ary attack is expected from the north in Chinas Sinkiang province aimed toward Rudock in western Tibet which is poorly defended and is expected to fall without re sistance AP REDS SLOW ALLIED ADVANCE South JKorSan troops retreatedindisorder inthe Onjong area withdrawal of other ROK troops from On the west coast C Americans were within 35 miles der but broken bridges and red tanks stopped the British Commonwealth units a mile from Chongju On east coast the ROK Capital division advanced through Songjin newlylanded U S troops from Iwon fanned out in support Stiff resistance was being met by units driving toward reservoirs E nortinvest of Hamhung International photo SWEDENS beloved King Gustaf V worked on state affairs up to the moment of his collapse despite his 92 years The 6foot 7inch athletic monarch excelled at tennis Here the popular rulerposed withPrince Carl Gustafhis 4 yearold grandson the newcrown prince Gustaf VI lowan Killed Walks on Highway Iowa City Stronsky 60 Swisher an odd jobs man was struck and killed by a car early Monday as he walked along righway 218 north of Curtiss Johnson county Sheriff Albert Murphy identified the driver as slie Stickley Fort Madison Murphy said Stronsky was walking near the center of the righthand lane of the highway and Stickley was unable to avoid lim because of an approaching truck Stronsky was a bachelor SAME DATE Black means truffle death in pad houri 3 Injured When Cars Collide on Highway 18 Three persons injured in an au tomobile collision at the west lim its of Mason City oir highway 18 Sunday were reported in improved condition Monday by Mercy hos pital attendants Mrs J W Billick route 1 was reported driving south when her car collided with one driven by John Miles Clear Lake which was eastbound Mrs Billick was reported in fair condition Monday while Connie Flores 13 months old child who wrs riding with Mrs Billick and Mrs Miles arc reported in good condition Proclaimed Swedish King By GUSTAV SVENSSON Stockholm Sweden VI Monday was proclaimed King of the Swedes the Goths and the Wends the 1st new ruler to ascend the ancient Swedish throne in nearly half a century He succeeds his father 92year old King Gustaf V whose death Sunday morning after a reign of nearly 43 years plunged the nation into deepest mourning To all effects and purposes the son born Prince Oscar Frederik Wilhclm Olaf Gustaf Adolf has been Swedens monarch since his fathers death But at colorful ceremonies Mon day in the cabinet council room of Stockholms royal palace he took the royal oath pledging him self to adhere strictly to the con stitution and to rule as a right king and gracious father of the Swedish people by a legal just and mild government The new queen Britishborn Louise is the monarchs 2nd wife She is the sisterof Earl Mount batten and a greatgranddaughter of Englands Queen Victoria The new crown prince is a blond curlyhaired 4yearold Prince Carl Gustaf His father the new rulers eldest son died in an airplane crash in 1947 Meanwhile the body of Gustaf V lay in Drottningholm palace where he died His democratic rule had been one of the longest in Europe and the longest in Swedish history The funeral will be held on Thursday Nov 9 it was official ly announced Monday FBI Called in CGW Wreck Derailment Injures Clarion Crewmen Austin were hurt none critically Sunday night when 3 cars and the locomo tive of a Chicago Great Western passenger train left the tracks a half mile north of here Sheriff Al Reinartz said it ap peared youngsters may have tampered with a switch causing the wreck He said the switch was open and that the lock could not be found The sheriff called on the federal bureau of investigation for assist ance in investigating the wreck He said the FBI agreed to come in on the case The 3 coaches landed in a ditch upright The diesel locomotive was uncoupled from the 6car train and tipped on its side Most seriously injured were Charles Davidson 48 Norwalkj Conn Allan Kirkpatrick 50 Omaha Nebr and W H Colby 42 Kenyon Minn Davidson had a head injury Kirkpatrick broke both wrists and Colby suffered a back injury Others injured were Brank Boggs 49 Clarion Iowa the en gineer Oren OBele 39 Clarion the fireman Roy Voiding 53 Min neapolis and A M Hanille Omaha MILWAUKEE Marqucttc southbound Milwaukee railroad freight train collided with the caboose of an other freight train a half mile north of here Sunday The caboose was empty and no one was in jured ;