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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 30, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED IFOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS I Press Full Leased Wires Five Cent a Copy One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGXO Mason City Sunday p m AVOI Ames Monday p m KHMO Hannibal luesdiy V2iK p m 1VS17I Iowa City Wednesday p m KSCJ Sioux City Friday p m KICD Spencer Friday p m A Little Spot of Green Called Eire THANKS TO A strong wind from the west over the At lantic I was treated to an un scheduled stay of almost a week in South Ireland where the River Shannon Hows Once our Boeing Clipper flew out to with in 20 miles of the oceans center when our skipper wisely Im sure decided to turn back He had a reasonable doubt whether our fuel supply would last I went to bed expecting that I would look out the next morning on a North American scene But when I pushed up the blind in my commodious clipper berth I be held what seemed to be an amaz ing phenomenon The sun was MASON erne IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER so 5944 rising in the west or so it seemed Now Im no geographer But I know that just doesnt happen any place in this old world of ours I arose and made inquiry And youve guessed the result I was informed that in a few minutes would be back to the little river town in Eire from which we had started had been bucking a miles an hour wind which had the effect of reducing our actua speed toward America to 75 miles an hour On the return to Ireland aided by that 75 mile gale our speed was pushed up to 225 miles an hour It was thefirst time since early in the year that a clipper had been forced to turn back EVERYTHING considered suppose it would be within the proprieties to refer to me a Iowas version of Wrong Wa Corrigan He started from New York to San he say landed in Ireland In my case I started from Ireland anc after 12 hours in the air and thi consumption of almost 4000 gal Ions of precious gasoline landec right back in Ireland But Im not the least iit sorry about it nowf I had my moment of because I had cablec my family when to expect me in Washington Because Eire neutral country there are a lo of regulations about cabling Th best I could hope for was 4day all the time I rea soned that Id be home befor that The winds continued how ever and so did my unschedulei stay in Eire MY FIRST DAY and night i Ireland were spent at a littl village called Adare in Count Limerick Our hotel the Dun raven Arms was not as preten tious as its name The only run niruj vrater was in a stream 3 or blocks awaj But in the shops we discovere some linen goods which becaus of their lightness could be in eluded in our restricted clipper baggage Then too we felt that in our conversation with the resi dents of this little village of 600 away from the beaten path we were getting a true crosssection of South Ireland opinion IN THE FORENOON most of our party of 20 air passengers paid a visit to the ruins of Desmond castle and the Franciscan abbey also in ruins situated nearby The castle has a history dating back to 1202 A D More than one bloody struggle had its setting there Final destruction was by forces of Oliver Cromwell in 1657 about the time our American colonies were being born I climbed to the topmost lower of the ancient structure and looked down upon its crumbling outer wall its 2 moats its drawbridges and its chapel In the distance was the palatial home of the present carl of Dunraven referred o as modern because it was built in 1832 at about the time of Andrew Jackson tn this country Thats modern in Ireland The monastery a block or 2 away had been erected to house monks who in the ancient past along with their religious activ ities had found time to handle the agricultural work on the vast real estate holdings of the suc cession of Earls of Kildare owners of the castle They both lived and worshipped in the monastery and the various rooms in the ruined structure are now placarded for the interest of visitors The hand ot commercialism has asserted itself in another way too The whole region about the castle and monastery has been con verted into a golf course with ex cellent fairways and greens I guess thats what youd call an a big way T ATE IN THE afternoon we left J little Adare for our futile jaunt out over the ocean On our return we were taken to Lim erick where for 5 days our home became the Royal George hotel Each afternoon except one we were taken back to the Clipper Continued on Pace Z RACE FOR NAZI ESCAPE ROUTES ON MAAS RIVER Allied Troops Enter Roosendall Germans Admit Withdrawal London P Allied columns iaced by tanks and planes raced or the German escape bridges nd ferries across the broad Maas nd Hollandses Diep in Holland mly 5 to 1Z miles away Monday ind Berlin radio asserted that a najor withdrawal across that jarrier to Rotterdam was in full wing Allied troops breaking into the ast of the chain of strongpoints before the Maas entered Iloos ndaal a city of 25000 12 miles south of the Willemstad Ferry across the Diep the sea arm of he river American armor plunged to vithin G miles of the Moerdijk ridge one of the longest spans in Europe and other forces fought o within 3 miles of the Maas and 5 miles from the Geertruidenberg crossing by capturing Oosterhout northeast fallen Breda The German stand in all south western Holland and northern Selgium had been cut into 4 pockets and military spokesmen said the German force was disin tegrating under the concerted pounding The 4 pockets were below the Maas where the chief resistance center of Breda had been taken m Beveland island an flooded Walcheven island virtually cut 3y a Canadian drive to within 3 300 yards of the causeway con lecting with Beveland and a tiny 5 mile long 4 mile wide corner of Belgium south of the Schelde drive across flooded low lands laced by canals and dikes in the campaign to clear the Schelde approaches to the allied harbor of Antwerp was gaining momentum and approaehiiiE a conclusion after some of the most difficult fighting of the war On Welcheren the remnants of German forces were fighting from islands within the of land and raised dikes around the principal cities of Vlissingen Flushing and Middelburg which stood above the flood vyaters loosed by allied bombing of the seawalls The Germans admittcc many of their guns were under I feet of water The battle ot southwestern Hol land appeared to be approaching a victorious conclusion Monday as allied columns crashed through thin German rearguards anc enemy columns openly fleeing northward were ripped by the guns of strafing allied planes A British army spokesman said the fall of Breda had brought about the disintegration of Ger man forces south of the Maas Meuse river To the east however an enemy counterthrust launched too late to save the garrisons north o Antwerp grew into a determined attack supported by tanks artil lery and planes and gained ground against a stubborn American de fense Striking on the cast flank of th allies Dutch salient in the Maas e the Germans Sunday swep through the town of Ltesel and reached Asten 4000 yards from Meijel A communique said that alliei ground forces had stopped new at tacks in this area but a field dis patch reported that Field Marsha Gen Walther von Model was sup porting his infantry with 2 panze divisions and throwing in German air force formations 20 and 31 planes Fifteen of the 50 tanks th enemy committed in this arci were knocked out Sunday and thi fighting Monday was a sluggini match with the lines apparently stabilized for the present Supreme headquarters reporte that allied forces in southwestern Holland continued their advanc along the whole front south ot th Maas Reds Not to Join World Air Parley Washington Sec retary of State Stettiruus said Monday he hoped Russias deci sion to skip the international aviation conference would not af fect its participation in world se curity talks Questioning at Stettinius news conference brought out that so far as the United States is concerned none of the 3 countries to whose presence at Chicago Russia ob Portugal and Swit been informed of world organizations plans Indications are that since they have been neutral they will not be counted in on the proposed se curity conference early next year Slettinius said the United States ill go forward with its system discussing civil aviation prob directly with Moscow He dded that the Russians notilied he United States of their deci on against attending the Chica o conference in a memorandum ml said it contained the same in ormation as announced in Mos ow That development hung a ques ion mark over Russias European iplomacy just as affairs in the Balkans slid into a groove of col aboration oiled by Marshal Stalin nd Prime Minister Churchill Moscow announced Sunday light that Russia would not attend iecause countries like Switzer and Portugal and Spain which or many years have conducted a rofascist policy hostile to the sov et also been invited It was learned here that the dec laration would not modify plans or the conference American of icials have talked with soviet yiation experts and know their and intend to keep them in mind as the conference develops What caught attention however vas the demonstration of a firs oviet policy toward Spain which lad troops fighting for the Ger mans in Russia and towarc Switzerland which does not rec ignize Russia Portugal presum ably was lumped in with Spain Apparently the development fore bodes stern Moscow opposition to he Franco regime as an import ant factor in the future diplomacy of western Europe Publication of the Bulgarian armistice terms brought the Balk ans picture into better focus Thi erms were perfected under thi sponsorship ofChurchill anc Stalin The armistice specified that Bui jaria must give the allies full aii In prosecuting the war agains Germany and roust relinquish a claims to Greek and Yugoslav ter ritory Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Men day night and Tuesday coole Tuesday Iowa Partly cloudy and mild Mon day and Tuesday moderat winds Sundays maximum 79 a Council Bluffs minimum 34 a Davenport Minnesota Partly cloudy Monda night and Tuesday Slightl warmer extreme north portio Monday night Mild tempera turcs Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 65 Minimum Sunday night 11 At 8 a m Monday 43 YEAR AGO Maximum 60 Minimum 29 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 70 Minimum Saturday night 34 At 8 a m Sunday 38 YEAR AGO Maximum go Minimum 31 This Paper Consists of Two One NO IS CLAIM MANILA LASHED 1 JAP WARSHIP TOLL 58 GEN MacARTHUR RETURNSGen Douglas MacArthur left with Lr Gen Richard Sutherland at his side wades through the surf as he returns to the Philippines to direct the American invasion of the Japheld American possession Associated Press wirephoto Japs Claim 200 Yank Planes Hit Capital City in Philippines FROM CABLE KEPORTS Fresh from sinking or damaging 58 Japanese warships m the greatest naval victory of the Pacific war American task forces are hurling hundreds of carrier planes across Luzon island at Manila from waters scarcely 100 miles away Tokyo radio reported Monday The U S Carriers were said lo be operating several hundred miles northwest of Leyte and Samar islands where Gen Douglas MacArthur has liberated 1500000 Filipinos in a landconsuming advance that outstripped Japanese gains in China Unconfirmed Tokyo radio reports Monday said more than 200 U S carrier planes swept the Manila area in 3 waves Saturday and on Sunday Japanese planes began attacking an American carrier task force in Lamon bay on the east coast of Luzon opposite Manila Four carriers were reported in the group Infantry and tank troops driving through the rain and mud of the Philippines broke up all organized resistance in Leyte valley which MacArthur said for all practical pur poses is ours Japanese garrisons were wiped out along 212 miles of the coastline extending from Carigara in the north to the south ern tip of Panaon island in the south The lower third of Leyte island was conquered by guerrillas and the 21st infan engraving by Kayenay First Winter Blasts Slow Red Drive iii GUARDS KILL 3 JAP PRISONERS Nipponese Attempted Uprising in Hospital Denver Three Japanese naval prisoners who more than 2 months ago failed in a suicide at tempt were shot and killed at Fitzsimons general hospital Sun day night as they rushed their guards in an attempted uprising Brig Gen Omar H Quade com manding officer announced Mon day Gen Quade said a board of offi cers would investigate A guard is being held in technical detention The 3 Japanese who were captured in the south Pacific sought to commit harakiri last Aug 11 Two slashed themselves across the abdomen and the 3rd inflicted n cut on his head but the attempt failed when guards found them in time and they treated by physicians All 3 were tuberculosis patients The dead Chief Gunners Mate Ku7uhori Mankino Warrant Officer Suburo and Pfc Sadamu Moscow first bitter blasts of winter and stiff German re sistance in a deep fortified belt between the Masurian lakes and the Baltics slowed down the red army drive in East Prussia Monday Military advances said the battle East Prussia was rapine un abated with both sides extremely heavy losses as Gen Ivan D Cherniakhovskys mas sive forces battered at the strong outposts of Gumbinnen Arctic gales howling down from the north brought the first snow to the central front and the moan tainous zones In the south and impeded soviet mechanized and air action The Russians were preparing to celebrate on Nov 7 the 27th an niversary of the Bolshevik revo lution with their army battling the longest front in history from the Arctic almost to the Adriatic Anniversary speeches and an order of the day by Premier Josef es Moines Youth Sets Fire to Dog races Cruelty Charge Nakngawa Okada Although the army would issue no statement immediately avail able information indicated this is what occurred Two of the Japanese together in a ward room demanded some milk When a bottle was passed in to them it was hurled back through the door and smashed on the floor The guard ordered them to j clean up the floor and they re fused The guard struck one of the prisoners and broke his club The prisoner retrieved one half of the stick and lashed the guard over the head inflicting a severe welt The guard summoned help from the guardhoxise nearby and one of the guards came carrying a carbine One shot was fired into the floor in an effort to quell the mutineers but it had no effect As the prisoners rushed the guards several more shots were fired One prisoner was shot through the head a 2nd through the heart nnd the 3rd was struck in the chest and shoulder Stalin were expected to empha size the flexibility and adapta bility of the red army in a battle zone embracing 9 countries from Norway to Yugoslavia Dispatches from the farflung fronts bailed the resourcefulness of the Russian soldiers fighting equally well in the Arctic tundra the East Prussian forest the Pol ish mud and the Carpathian mountains In the south Gen Ivan D Pc trovs 4lh Ukrainian army cap tured the Czechoslovak transport center of Casp and was in position for a new drive against Hungary Berlin said that after 3 weeks of heavy fighting a great tank bottle north of Debrecen in north eastern Hungary has ended A nazi broadcast claimed that the bulk of a soviet tank corps a bri gade of cavalry and at least 2 in fantry divisions were knocked out and that the Soviets lost 12200 killed 6600 prisoners 653 tanks and 912 guns Accurate Miss Pittsficld Mass Clarence Crandall fired his shot gun at a squirrel in a tree missed but brought down 4 raccoons Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GloboGazctic carrier boy lowan Is Killed in Hunting Accident Toledo Towa Lloyd J Spire 32 was accidentally killed in the first Tama county hunting accident of the current season Sun day afternoon Hewas hunting alone on his fathers farm when the accident occurred Coroner Harvey Jones of Toledo who was summoned said he believed Spire had tried to crawl through a hog tight wire fence when one barrel of his double barrelled shot gun was discharged DIES OF INJURIES Pomiac Mich Edwin Sod crberg 15 is dead from a neck fracture suffered in high school football practice Soderberg who died Saturday night was the 2nd Michigan youth to suffer fatal football injuries this year Buy your Slamps from carrier boy War Bonds and your GlobeGazette DCS Moines DCS Moines 17 year old youth has been charged with cruelty io an animal the result of having set fire a dog Police said the youth a theater usher said he was annoyed by the dog running into the lobby and after chasing it out several times poured cigaret lighter fluid on its back and set it afire with a match Witnesses said the shorthaired dog apparently crazed with pain ran into the street under the wheels ot a passing truck and was killed The boy was to be turned over to juvenile authorities ALLIES GAIN S E OF BOLOGNA Weather Conditions in Italy Improving Rome and Brit ish troops of the 5th army have made new gains in the mountains southeast of Bologna allied head quarters announced Monday The allied communique noted an improvement in weather con ditions which have impeded prog ress of the British 8th army and the Americans in northern Italy but swift running streams and wide flooded areas due to recent rains kept the opposing armies still bogged down in the mud American infantry supported by tanks attacked the Germans north of Marano Advance ele ments in a mile gain reached the area of Casalecchio only 2 miles from the BolognaRimini highway and 3 miles southwest of Castel San Pietro a main point on the highway 13 miles southeast of Bo logna The hamlets of Bosco and Serra were occupied try regiment On adjacent Samar MacArthur announced the small garrisons are helpless and can be destroyed at will Schools and churches were reopened on Leyte arid Samar for the first time since the Nipponese overran the islands 2V years ago The box score on the 2nd battle of the Philippines YANKS OVERRUN forces that in vaded Samar 1 have gained control of most of the island according to a communique front Gen MacArthur To the south on Leyte Jap resistance was said to be stiffening in the Palo area The 10th and 24th army corps joined forces 3 near Tanauan to form a solid line from below Abuyog to the tip of the northern end of Leyte Seventh division units took the town of Buri while 76 Jap planes were shot down during attacks on shipping in San Pedro bay 5 and beachhead areas an Adfh Chester V Nimitz showed 24 Japanese war ships sunk including 4 carriers 2 battleships and 9 cruisers 13 probably sunk and 21 damaged This unprecedented victory scored in last weeks 3 pronged naval battle cost the U S 3rd and 7th fleets 6 warships includ ing considerable casualties on 5 that went down in the battle of Surigao Strait off the southern endot Leyte In the air the Japanese lost 171 planes Ten U S aircraft were shot down carrying with them 18 airmen Possibly only 2 Japanese ships escaped undamaged by the merci less fire of American warships planes and submarines Nippons losses totalling 500000 tons ex ceeded the combined warship toll take in the 4 greatest previous naval battles of the Pacific war No modern fleet has been so badly mauled in a single en gaaement The Japanese fleet has been decisively routed Nimitz com munique said Exact makeup of the American 3rd and 7th fleets was not dis closed but it was indicated that they probably outnumbered the enemy force to a considerable ex tent particularly in aircraft car riers since the 3rd fleet included Vice Adm Marc A Mitschers great fast carrier task force which is believed capable of putting as many as 1000 planes into the air at the same time The communique did disclose however that the American forces included 5 battleships which were seriously damaged in the Japanese attack on Pearl West Virginia Maryland Tennessee California and 3 new carriers named for prewar carriers sunk by the Japanese in the first year of the war These were the Lexington Wasp and Hornet Nimitz reported that American submarines first detected move ments of major Japanese fleet units northward from the Singa pore area on Oct 21 and 22 in the South China sea The submarines sank 2 Atago class heavy cruisers and severely damaged a 3rd cruiser When the submarine reports were received Adm William F Halsey moved ships ot his 3rd fleet into position east of the Phil ippines off Surigao strait at the southern end of Leyte off San Bernardino strait at the north enc of Samar and off the Polillo is lands just east of southern Luzon On the following day carric search planes discovered twi strong Jap forces moving cast ward through the Sibuyan sea an Sulu sea The former included i battleships believed to be thi Yamato Mushashi Nagato KongL and Haruna 8 cruisers including 2 of the Mogami class 2 of th Tone class 2 of the Nachi class of the Atago class and 1 of thi class and 13 destrosers The Sulu sea force consisted o 2 Yamashiro battleships 2 heavy cruisers 2 light cruisers and 7 or destroyers The first attack on these forces was launched from Mitschers car riers east of the Philippines as soon as their presence was dis ovcred Hits were scored with icmbs and torpedoes on 4 of the battleships 4 heavy cruisers and ne light cruiser in the Sibuyan sea One battleship and one cruiser rere severely damaged and set fire and may have sank while he light cruiser capsized and sank Both battleships in the Sulu sea vere hit by bombers and the crui ers and destroyers were strafed vith rockets and machine guns i While these attacks were going Japanese landbased aircraft lit our carriers east of the Philip lines and it was in this attack that he carrier Princeton was hit by t a bomb which caused a bad fire i er her magazines blew up and j he ship was so badly damaged hat she had to be sunk by our iwn forces The communique said United plane losses in this attack on which exact figures are not yet vailable were light Store than 150 Japanese aircraft vere shot down in the aerial bat le fought over the task force It aws about this time that a 3rd Japanese threat was discov ered in the north when a land ased navy search plane probably operating from the Marianas ound a 17ship carrier task force approximately 200 miles off the northern end of Luzon and head ng south Thisforce was made up of a large carrier believed to be of the Zuikaku class 3 light carriers of he Chitose and Zuiho classes 2 j battleships of the Ise class which carry flight decks aft so they have I limited use as carriers cruiser of the Mogami a heavy class a light cruiser of the Noshiro class 3 light cruisers of the Koso class and 6 destroyers Halsey immediately dispatched several of Mitschers carrier groups northward to intercept this threat and they caught the Japanese so completely by surprise Tuesday morning that their planes were able to attack with no effective air opposition wreaking havoc amonff the enemy forces The Japs finally were able to stage an air attack late in the morning when some of their car rier aircraft which had been fuel ed ashore in the Philippines flew out to join their ships which al ready had met disaster Nimitz listed the following de struction on the Japanese in this battle of the carrier forces Sunk One Zuikaku class car rier one light carrier of the Zuiho class crippled by aircraft and later sunk by gunfire of cruisers and destroyers Two light carriers of the Chitose class sunk by air craft One light cruiser or large destroyer sunk by gunfire One cruiser severely damaged by air craft and sunk during the night by a submarine Damaged One battleship hit by 2 to 4 torpedoes and many bombs One battleship hit by bom ;