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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 30, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILYPAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PKESS AND UNITED PKSSS ttJU IXASED CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY OCTOBER 30 1942 uuj i o AMERICANS DESTROY 12 JAP TANKS ALLIED AIRMEN PUSHING DRIVE BACK OF LINES Major Armored Forces of Both Sides Yet to Clash in Desert War By DON WHITEHEAD CAIRO eighth army has driven deeper into the axis ElAlamein line defenses in conjunction with a ceaseless allied air offensive taking steadily heavier toll at the enemys rear official reports from the front an nounced Friday At the end of the first week of the offensive to decide the fate of the mediterranean how ever neither side apparently was ready to throw its main armored forces into the struggle the British to exploit their rains nor the Germans to plue the menacing gaps in their lines Infantry was emphasized in a British communique which dealt mostly with the damaging blows on the axis from the air and re ported the land action in these four sentences During the night ot Oct 2329 our infantry extended gains in ground formerly held by the Snemy A further number of Ger man prisoners was taken There were minor engagements enemy armored troops Thursday on whom casualties were inflicted r Sighting continues Claim British Unable to Land at Matruh the Associated Press i Italian headquarters reported Friday that axis forces Thursday repulsed a fresh British attempt to land seaborne troops behind the lines and beat off repeated attacks by strong allied armored units The fascist war bulletin said the British twice attempted to set troops ashore in the vicinity of Matruh 100 miles west of the actual fighting front only to be driven off with heavy losses rThe Italian command admitted that British imperials attackirig on the Alamein line BO miles west of Alexandria succeeded in mak ing initial penetrations but as serted that they were promptly halted Reports from the front indi cated that the British were nnuzu were ine legislation with Pi getting into position to strike at dent Barclay of the African re Field Marshal Erwin Rommels public has returned after report ing to President Roosevelt Monrovia is the capital rnain force but said it might be several days before a showdown test ot armored strength develops An Associated Press correspond ent in Cairo said that while U S army flyers are playing a major role in shielding the British desert fighters and attacking the enemy American ground troops have not yet gone into action in the middle east Deeper Into Axis DeserTLine Air View of Stalingrad This picture was made from a nazi plane over Stalin gradaccording to the German caption accompanying it The picture arrived in London from a neutral Stry American Troops in Liberia Since July Airports Built Possibility of Allied Squeeze in North Africa Is Observed LONDON Reuters dis patch from Monrovia said Friday it was officially announced that American troops including Negro units had been in Liberia since airports had approved leg islation providing for Liberias cooperation with the United States if said Liberia js on the west coast of Africa at the southwest edge of the great hump of the dark con tinent The dispatch said that Lieut Col Harry A McBride of the United States army who dis cussed the legislation with Presi July It said two been constructed Parliament had Japs Display Flag of Truce Then Massacre Approaching Marines WASHINGTON if A new example of Japanese treachery in the south Pacific warfare made public by the navy in releasing a dispatch written by Sgt Richard T Wright a marine corps combat correspondent was on record Fri day Honoring a flag of truce borne by a Japanese officer 28 of 30 marines were massacred when they sought to take custody of a bunch of Japs who the officer said were isolated on a nearby island and wanted to surrender As the 30 marines drew near the island they were met without warning by a terrific burst from several machine guns hidden in the underbursh Wright wrote They were mowed down like so many stalks of corn he added except for the two who escaped Bnd swam to safety FROM BLAZE LbRETTO Pa WFire early Friday swept the fourstory dor mitory at St Francis college but a preliminary check indicated all students and priestsescaped from the flaming building About 200 students andpriesls lived in the brick building Liberia of Possibility of squeeze1 against axis forces In north Africa was raised when U S army troops were said to have been quietly gathering in Liberia since July and have al ready built two airports Liberia constituted as a re public in 1847 and modelled aft er the United States lies on the great bulge of the African conti nent between the British colony of Sierra Leone and the French Ivory coast colony Its capital Monrovia is less than 800 miles airline from Vichy Frances key naval base at Dakar Herring Urges Greater Farm Machine Output MOUNT PLEASANT government must provide for in creased production of farm ma chinery in order that agriculture be permitted to supply all the food necessary for winning the war Senator Clyde L Herring DIowa said Now that the government has taken steps to protect the farmer with an ade quate supply of labor it appears we have won half the battle he said May Register Women for Job Survey WASHINGTON itoosevelt informed a press con ference Friday that no decision an allied I na been reached yet on the issue HIGHWAY ENGINEER DIES AMES Franklin II Mann S2 assistant chief engineer of the Iowa state highway commission died following a brief illness He had been on the highway staff since 1914 Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Cooler Friday aft ernoon and Saturday forenoon Scattered showers Friday after noon Lowest temperature Fri riav nitrVif day night country in city 24 in IOWA Colder Friday night and Saturday forenoon with lowest temperature in west portion slightly below freezing occa sional light rain in extreme cast portion Friday night IN MASON CITY of national service legislation but he added that the possibility of compulsory registration ot women was under consideration The chief executive said such n registration would not mean that women would be ordered by compulsion to go here there or the other place to work It would be aimed he said at trying to find out where the available sup ply of women workers exists and something of their fitness for war industry jobs This registration idea Mr Roosevelt said was a major topic of discussion when he met Thurs day with the CIOAFL labor war board The board members talked he said of registering women of 18 to Legislation would be re quired to authorize this canvass of women power Probably that would mean the president said that the survey could not be made before the end of the year But replying to a question he said he did not think it should be implied that national service legislation neces sarily would bc delayed also until that time He emphasized that there had been no decision whatever on such legislation up to this point remarking that it still was in the study stage PRESIDENT URGES ALL CITIZENS TO VOTE Declaring the United Stales now engaged in an all out war to keep democracy alive Presi dent Roosevelt urged all citizens to vote next Tuesday Maximum Thursday Oi Minimum Thursday night At 8 a m Friday to Ram 10 inch 1 i i Vi tllUt I they and their employes may cast their ballots without loss of pay to workers for reasonable lime loff TORNADO DIPS INTO ARKANSAS TOWN 27 DEAD 200 Injured as More Than Half of Berryville Is Leveled by Storm BERRYVILLE Ark yp At least 27 persons were killed and more than 200 injured many critically when a tornado lev eled more than half of this Ozark mountain town late Thursday night Several oC the injured were so badly hurt that physicians ad vised against transporting to hos pitals Fires broke out immediately after the tornado forcing the survivors to drop their rescue operations for a time to prevent spread of the flames through the splintered wreckage Approximately 25 persons were trapped and injured in the col lapse of the Missouri and Arkan sas railroad station Most of them were waiting to board a north bound train Without hospital facilities the stricken town of 1435 population had only three physicians to care for the scores of injured A passenger bus came through the stricken town 30 minutes after the disaster Its passen gers alighted or stood up to make room for some of the JIorsV iliured to the Harrison hospital The tornado left the town help less The power plant was destroyed The telephone system remained in operation through use of an emergency battery sjstem An eightman medical detach ment from Camp Robinson was ordered to Bcrryvilie with med ical supplies The city halj and courthouse two of the few buildings re mainme intact in the business district were converted into emergency hospitals Rea Nelson undertaker said 2 bodies had been brought to the funeral parlor in the early morn ing hours and he suspected there were many more dead buried in the ruins Berryville one of the oldest communities in the Ozark region is an important wholesale and jobbing center servicing the north westportion Arkansas and ad jacent areas in Missouri The prosperous wholesale houses and canneries were virtually all destroyed Among these were the mycr grocery the Berryville wholesale grocery and the North Arkansas canning warehouse The large grade and high school also was destroyed Single Packages of Cigarets Not Subject to New Excise Tax Law DFS MOINES if Single packages of cigarets will not be subject to the new federal excise tax law which becomes effective Sunday the office of price ad ministration said If the increased excise tax is a fraction of a cent on the unit of a sale it will be a violation of the price regulations for the mer chant to collect more than that fraction Robert B Adams Iowa OPA director said The same principle will also apply to beer some liquor and to cigars Adams said Philadelphias Famous Scrapple to Go Back to Menus Next Week PHILADELPHIA delphias famous scrapple comes breakfast Fridays in a voluntary conserva substitutcd Scrapple contains bits of pork but is made primarily from meal and vegetables Buy War Savings Bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette I carrier boy Where Fleets Maneuver fJ AUSTRALIA BKISBANET SYDNEY NOHrOlK w V NORTH VX ISLAND Tasm an Sea AUCM NEW j ZEALANDS STATUTE MLK U SOUTH ISLAND ELLINGTON A Japanese invasion armada apparently massed at started what appears to be amajor thrust against key Amencan bases on communication lines to New Hebrides and the Fiji islands The Japanese term it The Battle of the South Pacific American planes from Henderson field on Guadalcanal Political Campaigns Grind On Toward Exciting Finish Candidates Busy With Addresses Leading Up to Vote on Tuesday DES MO1NES The 1942 Iowa political campaign under a handicap from the start because ot public preoccupation with the war ground on Friday toward an unexciting finish Senator Clyde L Herring seek ing reelection in Tuesdays balloting was in Waterloo Friday and will be in Sioux City Satur day The senator will close his twoweek campaign tour or the state at a rally in Oltumwa Monday night He planned to return to DCS Monies to receive Hie election returns Tuesday nisht Governor Georse A Wilson Herrings republican opponent had a luncheon engagement in Dyersvillc Friday and was to re turn to Des Moines Friday nisht to remain until after election lie is scheduled for four radio ad dresses over the weekend Nelson G Kraschcl democratic candidate for Governor will close his campaign at the traditional hightbetoreeleclion democrat ic rally at Clinton Monday night He was due in Mason City Friday night and in Des Moines Saturday night He is scheduled to speak twice Sunday on the radio B B Hickcnloopcr republi ran candidate lor governor was in Firlinclon Friday and on Monday will bc guest of honor at a home town luncheon and rally at Cedar Rapids His radio schedule includes talks Friday evening and Sunday and Mon day nights Other republicans with radio talks scheduled included C B n and Harry Narey election for a seventh term xth the old eighth Lester Gillette democratic can didate for lieutenant governor was to speak at Bellcvue Fridav night Dewitt Saturday night and at Ottumwa Sunday afternoon dat Muscatine Monday afternoon and at Iowa City Monday night Joseph N Wagner democratic candidate for attorney general was to speak at Burlington Friday night and at Mount Ayr Saturday night Proposals for More Battle Power Studied WASHINGTON Asainst n background of momentous reports from the Solomons capitol hill a 1 1 c n tion fo cused Friday on propositions to re v a m p the fighting s e r v ices Washing ton wartime a g c n cies and moreover con gressional pro ccd ure all aimed at great er military striking power Overshadow r proposals was that to combine the army navy and marine corps into form and manclcr Other propositions engaging the attention of senators and repre senlalivcs included 1 Creation of a congrcssiona high command committee to co prdinatc and expedite wartime legislation 2 Sweeping reorganization ot the federal agencies through es tablishment of an overalt office of war mobilization guided by an economic general staff The three farreaching proposi tions generally were aimed at erasing what some of their spon sors termed jealousy in the figntmg forces red tape in gov ernment and duplication of ef fort and slow action in congress Representative Maas R ranking minority mem ber of the house naval commit tee and himself a marine colonel proposed the amalgamation of th army navy marine corps into one fighting forcr and T io one gtng forcr and Mary Pagan democratic candihe would offer to put e for secretary of stale speak it into effect unlcfs The artrmms Ma anmims o eec uncs at Mason City Friday evening at tralion beat him to it Believe Full Scale Attack Is Imminent By FRANK TREMA1NE PEAHL HARBOR full scale Japanese land attack on Guadalcanal involving the use of at least 20000 enemy troops sup ported by sea and air action will begin at any moment if it is not already under way informed sources believed Friday The most recent enemy land ac tions reported by Washington communiques inchcate these sources said that the next drive would be the most determined and perhaps a decisive action W The Japanese land assault uas expected to be aimed from three sides simultaneously at Henderson field the airport of the small Americanheld sec lion of Guadalcanal Such a battle plan ivould follow he pattern of the unsuccessful Japanese attacks of Sept 12H which however were made with considerably smaller forces than the present enemy con centrations The land attacks these sources believed will be supported by heavy shelling from naval forces and aerial bombardment by planes from Buka and Rabaul Thethree dimensional attack will be made by the heaviest forces ever thrown against the Guadalcanal defenders While the Japanese pressure on Guadalcanal increases an en couraging note is the continued ability ot the Americans to use Henderson field for offensive ac tion despite the concentrated Japanese artillery bombardments and the presence of enemy troops so close to the field that they can fire at American planes as they take off Information on the exact situa tion at Guadalcanal has been ex tremely meager for several days with navy communiques running three days behind the action there Fleet activities for both sides have been kept deeply secret since Oct 26 when the U S navy temporarily at least rc Puiscd or diverted a heavy Jap anese naval concentration headed southward Authoritative sources have in dicated that the Japanese have thrown all their naval strength not required for defense of their home waters into the Solomons battle and there arc strong indi cations that the sea battle may spread to the east This will hap pen if the Japanese attempt to cut allied supply ines and strike at Fiji united nations bases in the islands and New Hebrides The Japanese ability to attack in the Solomons observers point ed out should not be interpreted to mean that the United States undertook a foolhardy action when it moved into that area or that their positions there are in defensible When the Solo mon drive was launched Aujr he strategic situation de manded immediate action The Japanese were about to use the nearly completed Guadalcanal airfield as a base of operations against the vital Pacific supply lines and against allied bases in New Caledonia NeuGuinea and Australia The Americans successfujly ousted the enemy from the south ern Solomons and placed them selves in position to roll north ward eventually Recent enemy actions have Prevented immediate continua tion of the northward offensive and have opened Guadalcanals fiank for an attack Despite heavy vi tiiitiilv UCSpllO II HAAS ing all other battering of enemy bases at tnl tvtitl TIT MI U S AIRCRAFT STRAFE ENEMY ON SOLOMONS U S Torpedo Boats Hit Destroyer Small Skirmishes Reported WASHINGTON navy announced Friday that American troops on Guadalcanal had de stroyed 12 Japanese light tanks in the last week and that in the lasr two days torpedo boats had scored a torpedo hit on a Japa nese destroyer which was en jed in reinforcing enemy troops on the island A communique on the Solo mon islands activity said that land fhrhilne on Guadalcanal island during the last two days had been confined to small skirmishes but American air craft were continuing to bomb and strafe enemy positions west of the airfield In the late afternoon of Oct 28 island time American fight er planes destroyed two enemy seaplanes at Rekata bay On the morning of Oct 29 enemy bomb ers attacked Die American posi tions on Guadalcanal but all their bombs dropped in the wa ter the navy said and no damage resulted The text of navy communique No 174 South Pacific All dates are east longitude 1 During the day of Oct 28 activity ashore on Guadalcanal island was confined to small skirmishes between U S and enemy patrols U S aircraft from G uadaicanal continued to bomb and strafe enemy positions to thewestward of the airfield In the late afternoon USfight crs destroyed two enemy sea planes at Rekata bay A total of 12 Japanese light tanks were de stroyed in action during the past week 2 During the early morning of Oct 29 enemy bombers at tacked our positions on Guadal canal All bombs dropped in the water and no damage was suf fered 3 During the night of Oct 2930 U S motor torpedo boats attacked an enemy destroyer be lieved to have been engaged in reinforcing or supplying enemy troops on Guadalcanal One tor pedo hit uss scored on the de stroyer which was stopped when last seen OMINOUS SILENCE IN SEA ACTIVITY CONTINUES Ominous silence cloaked the operations of a huge Japanese na val armada in the southwest Paci fic Friday as U S army troops and marines crowded inside a sixmilelong corridor battled numerically superior enomv forces in defense of Guadalcanal air base Eiliicr for reasons of military secrecy or because of blacked out romniuiiications the navy in Washington divulged rm fresh information on move ments of the Japanese fleet in the critical south sea battle zone f The situation suggested that a ernlic Japanese naval assault might break shortly against ad mittedly outnumbered U S warships in the Solomon islands area although other reports have indicated that the powerful ene my squadron ot battleships air been o uvcu iuje 10 mu single coordinated fighting aeral strength to strike back m force wearing one type ot uni force hi an effort to soften Guad Tnrm directed by one com alcana positions for a land of oauermg of enemv if TC nave ocen haul BSka andTuin thc TCknBt0 Skirl lhe and nese have been csccd P American bases in nese have been able to muster fcnsive c Heads of Agencies IMay Be Asked to Cut P lands Hebrides and Fiji is A communique said planes from Guaciacanal destroyed a Japanese antiaircraft battery and an ammunition dump on the western side of the island while others set fire to enemy shore in stallations on Kekata bay in the C central Solomons Four more LOStS tO Honp apanSsc seaPanes were de 10 lu boosting the total to 413 WASHINGTON destroyed since the government agencies may be i camPaEn started early in Aug called into unprecedented confer ust ences soon in an effort to pare nonwar expenditures to the bone t cw blld8et to be submit irg chairman of the appropriaj GENERAL tons committee told reporters he HEADQUARTERS ur to arrange meetings Allied heavy bombers strikin i jr j n Allied PlOtteS Bomb miJUlillliS early next month at which legis lators could go over prospective budget requests with department into the northern Solomons again in support of American forces on Guadalcanal bombed five much as possible civilian activities on purely Bougainville i night Gen Buy War Savings Bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy announced Friday Japa tip of island Thursday Douglas MacArlhur fortresses made Iht northward sweep pounding the ;