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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 29, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES U NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL m Pnsf and United RMXI Fun Leased Five CenU a Cop MASON crrr IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER zs This Paper Consists o Two One One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Editor NO 17 CHINA IN MIDST OF CIVIL WAR BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGIO Haian CUy Sunday A p m WSUI Iowa CUT 1MB f m Ames Friday p m WTAD Qlllncy 111 Krlday B m KSGI Sioux City 615 p m Open Season on Suckers Is at Hand KEEP YOUR hand on your pocketbook and dont use that fountain pen until youve read the part in fine print This is an admonition prompted by the many evidences that in the months and years just ahead the gyp and swindle industry in America is heading for the most thriving business known to his tory Returning service men with a known supply of ready cash from separation pay etc are going to be a primary target for croaks of all kinds But no potential suck er service man or not isgoing to be overlooked According to William T Fos ter reporting for the Public Af fairs committee soldiers sailors and their families have more than 30 billion dollars in war bonds plus enormous savings in banks plus the privilege under the GI bill of rights of having loans up to guaranteed by the government Never says this re port have swindlers seen so much money almost within their grasp Again however let me remind you that these rackets for sep arating the unwary from his cash will in no sense be confined to service men and service mens families I N THE PAST the you and has been swindled out of more than 100 million dol lars a year on the average With pastures greener meaning that more people have more money jingling in their these crooks have every good reason for anticipating bigger and bet ter business Theyre all set for the kill The question Im asking and its the subject of this commentary whetfcer TOUare prepared to protect yoinwlf lajalnst the WHERE JAVA NATIVES CHALLENGE DUTCH RULE Admission fay the British foreign office that the general situation in Java is causing great anxiety has been followed by arrival of additional British troops in Batavia 1 and new clashes be tween the Indonesian government and the Dutch whose returnto rule has been chal lenged The above map shows key points on the island which is fabulously rich in na tural resources Attempts are being made to arrange peace meetings between the Neth erland government and the natives Fighting Flares in Java 3000British Troops Battle Indonesians See Critical Test Soon on Trumans 12 Point Policy Washington international problems held a promise Monday of early and critical tests for President Trumans newly 1 In what t shall say Ill be tHinKing of swiridles by decep tion and trickery and false prom ises Im not thinking of burglars or Mickup men These we shall have with us too but thats an other matter Lets confine our selves to gyps and swindles The note of hope in the whole situation isthat if youlose your money it will be because youve given it away It isnt going to be taken from you except with your consent As an individual its yours to say whether or not you shall be swindled Its high time to hold up your hand and resolve I WONT BE A SUCKER They say that being forewarned is being forearmed So lets take a look at some of the sucker games that already have shown themselves across the horizon They may present themselves to you in a somewhat modified form but prompted by your resolution not to be a sucker youll be able to recognize them POT SO LONG AGO a dis charged soldier while waiting for a train Jell into conversation with a smooth welldressed stranger who posed as an expert industrial engineer He knew just how to start the soldier in busi ness for himself collected in advance for expenses That was the last the soldier saw of the or the money s Then theres the partnership racket designed to separate the service man from riis money or N his GI government loan consider oneexample Lets The owner of abusiness about to jro on the rocks advertises for a partner who will show his good faith by pntting up some money Theres a temporary show of great business activity Soon however the new partner dlscov lers that he has bought little more han a share of the debts in a dying enterprise Scores of vet erans in the Minneapolis area nave been mulcted by this very racket Next on the list is the racket based on territorial rights for a patented product The pros pects caution is temporarily dulled by a persuasive plausible and flattering sales talk bolstered by all the the im portant ones This particular racket smacks of legitimate busi Batayia fighting flared with renewed intensity Monday at Soerabaja biggest naval base in Java where 3000 British troops battled Indonesian extremists armed with captured Japanese tanks and armored cars British officers reported that their occupation forces had suf fered some casualties in the battleof Soerabaja One Indian officer was known killed and a British officer and several Indian troops wotmded v Dr I Sukarno president of the unrecognized Indonesian re public disavowed the resistance movement at Soerabaja He flew to the city in eastern Java to in vestigate the status of the ex tremists led by one Dr Mustopo Sukarno said Mustopo was in ane The fighting at Soerabaja was the most violent manifestation of native resistance in the Nether lands East Indies since the sur render of Japan Two American freighters carry ing Dutch stores from Dutch and British New Guinea were due to reach Batavia Tuesday They were the 6800 ton Cape Spear skippered by Capt Charles Hud son of Rochester N Y and a 10 000 ton Liberty ship of which Capt William Bowman of San Pedro Cal was commander The situation eased somewhat Monday when a truce went into effect in the area surrounding the headquarters of he British com mander Brig A W F Mallaby In southern Soerabaja Guns still blazed however in the postofffce and railway sta tion areas near a schoolhouse at a hospital and in a residential area One outlying British platoon was reported overrun but this was not confirmed A number of small British working parties were reported marooned throughout the city Grave concern also was felt for the safety of some 6000 Dutch and Eurasian men women and children guarded by c o m p a r atively light British Indian forces after being rescued Friday from imprisonment by the extremists Best information available indi cated that British and Indonesian leaders had agreed before the British landing that allied forces would disarm all persons except regular uniformed police The Indonesians charged on Sunday that the British were not living up to the agreement and proclaimed 12point foreign policy One touchy point may disappear This concerns Russias demand for an allied control council for Japan The issue may be compromisec In the near future The brightest spot diplomatic authorities see in the interaationa situation is evidence of improving RussianAmerican relations optimism steins from the friendly reception accorded U S Ambassa dor Harriman when he delivered a personal message from Mr Tru manto Generalissimo Stalinlast week The nature of the message and ot Stalins reply have t been dis closed ftiertwas in Washington fthat tfegotiatiotos over policy detailsparticularly re specting European peace treaties and the Japanese control council are still in progress Here are the main international problems which President Truman and Secretary of State Byrnes must reckon with in the weeks im mediately ahead and in the light of Mr Trumans foreign policy declarations in New York Satur soon afterward fighting flared throughout Soerabaja victim thus hypnotized ness The signs a contract agreeing to buyj within a stated period what turns But to be far more of the patented product than he can sell So he forfeits the substantial down pay ment which as practice of good an ordinary business he was required to make when he signed the contract Thats the because the contract was de signed for that no other OPURRED BY the governments VJ contract to provide education 2 INJURED IN LOADING MISHAP Marvin Van Every 408 25th S W was badly injured Monday afternoon when a truck load of plate glass collapsed and pinned him against the side of the trucks He was taken to Merey hospital with leg injuries Harry Ander son who was helping in the un loading received cuts on his arm He and Van Every both were taken to Mercy hospital in the po lice ambulance Police said one side of the truck apparently buckled outward al lowing the heavy packingcases holding the glass to slide Van Every was caught between the cases and the stillerect side The 1 accident happened in the alley behind the Pittsburgh Plate Glass day JAPAN Representatives of the main victor nations in the Pacific war will meet Tuesday at the state department to organize a far eastern advisory commission primarily to consult on future Japanese control policies Russia is the only 1 of 10 nations initially scheduled to participate which has not yet designated a delegate but officials are hopeful she will at tend Russias delay has been attribu ted to her insistence that before the commission meets the allies should agree to a control council for Japan A compromise was con sidered possible along the lines oJ an allied agreement to set up an administrative council later on Presumably this would have to be acceptable to General Douglas MacArthur It Is understood he has been kept Informed on all ne gotiations with Moscow about this THE One of Presi dent Trumans dozen foreign pol icy principles is that this govern ment will not recognize any other government imposed by outside force on a nation His statemen was generally interpreted here as applying to the Balkans The Unit ed States has been critical of Rus sias political policies particularly in Romania and Bulgaria This is a problem between Britain and the United States over admittance of Jewisl refugees from Europe to Palestine But it involves the broad question of maintaining peace and order in the Arabdominated oilr i c h strategic middle east Prime Min ister AtUee is expected soon ti make some public counterpropos als to Mr Trumans recent sug gestion that 100000 Jews be ad mitted to Palestine DARDANELLES Russias trea ty of friendship and nonaggres sion with Turkey expires nex week That may signal intensifiec soviet pressure for bases on tfi straits connecting the Black se and the Mediterranean as well a for new privileges for Russia i using the straits Mr Truman speech stressed the principle o equal rights to strategic water ways UNITED NATIONS The forma organization of the new securit Full Water Pressure Strikes Him in Face J Stripling farm er near Luveme suffered an eye njury while assisting firemen attic a blaze which broke out in home of Mrs Fred Schneider t 10 a m Sundaycausing dam ge estimated at more than Stripling was helping the fire epartrnent which was short of men He accidentally got in line f the fire hose the force of the vater hitting his eye at close ange He was taken to a hospital t Corwith where it was found his yeball was injured Later he was emoved to a hospital at Mason City Included in the loss was the ibrary of the late Rev V V Koll man which had been stored in the home Continued on 2 I company 15 2nd S W league will raise questions of th commitment of United State forces to help preserve worl peace It will bring much neare the need for decisions on the ex tent this nation may be willing 1 internationalize strategic bases won in the Pacific Truman emphasized in h speech that while the United ates desires no additional terri ry itdoes intend to have basi onsidered necessary to its own se urity Tax Gut Bill HeadsToward Last Passage Washington 00000 first peacetime taxcutting ill was headed toward final pas sage Monday amid new demands or a slash in federal expenditures nd for a balanced budget The size of the tax Imost above the Imit set by the some members of the louse bud getbalancing bloc to talk but they acknowledged the 111 will pass despite their opposi tion Chairman Cannon DMo of he appropriations committee led he opposition urging that tax taring now would contribute to nf la tion and deficit government Tending He told reporters it is absurd to cut taxes while asking he nation to subscribe to 000000000 in victory bonds He called for economy in federal ex penditures to bring them in line vith a balanced budget AT olish Government to Nationalize All Land Warsaw Polish gov ernment is preparing a decree which would nationalize all land n Warsaw as a means of speeding reconstruction By eliminating private owner ihip the government plans to re shuffle and broaden streets in Warsaws rebuilding No mention s made of compensation forthe ands How It Will Work Washington how tbe new income tax bill would reduce payasyougo withdraw als from the weekly paycheck of a married man with no children If he earns a week the government would take nothing from his pay now it gets 10 cents if he earns the deduction still would be zero against a present deduction of 30 cents a week if a 70 cent deduction instead ot In stead of instead of instead of instead of instead of in stead of instead of instead of instead of instead of and instead On the other ihand Rep Knut on of Minnesota senior republi an on the taxinitiating house and means committee hailed he tax reduction as a boon to usiness enterprise Future re uctions he said will depend on ull production and elimination of wasteful spending by the admin stration Heres what the quickie tax lashing bill would do in 1946 for ndividnals 1 Reduce their payments 44000000 2 Sweep 12000000 lowincome taxpayers off the rolls completely nd assure 10 per cent or more re ef for millions of other persons Darning up to a year with mailer to 5 per cent n the highest per ons with incomes above 3 Set up special treatment for eterans of World war II by for iving enlisted men all federal in ome levies on their service pay during the war years and giving fficers a 3year time extension or paying their back taxes For Corporations 1 Cut business levies by 00000 2 Repeal outright effective anuary 1 the warimposed 855 per cent excess profits tax elimi ate the capital stock and the de clared value excess profits tax and remove 4 percentage points from the graduated normal and surtax rates for firms with in LAST BOND DRIVE nations last bond drive got under way Monday with an 11 billion dollar goal In Mason City 1000 workers joined in the finish the job campaign For details see story on page 13 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday Cooler Monday night Slowly rising temperature Tuesday owa Fair and colder Monday am Monday night Tuesday increas ing cloudiness and slowly rising temperatures Minnesota Colder east and cen tral portion Monday night Tuesday increasing cloudiness with rising temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at I oclock Monday morning Maximum 76 Minimum 38 At 8 a m Monday 39 YEAR AGO Maximum 70 Minimum i 34 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at oclock Sunday morning Maximum 65 Minimum 37 At 8 a m Sunday SI YEAR AGO Maximum 88 Minimum 43 comes up to and 2 points or those earning above J50000 Wildcat Strike Hits San Francisco Area By UNITED PRESS A wildcat strike by 13000 AFL and CIO machinists hit the San Franciscobay industrial area Monday as ofstrikeidle worliers itstrenoVandbesanrising Five were shut down There were 16 yards and163 foundries machine shops and manufacturing plants on the strike list Meanwhile a new threat to industry loomed when the United Steel Workers ofAmerica CIO filed a strike notice with the na tional war labor board in ington The board said the vote would affect 766 steel iron and aluminum plants and would in volve about 600000 workers President Truman held an un scheduled conference with Ben jamin Fairless president of U S Steel largest of the companies in which the vote will be taken The request for a strike vote came aftersteel companies had rejected the unions demand for a 52 a day wage boost The number of American work ers idled by strikes rose to 223 000 highest total in 8 days The machinists walkout even tually may affect 100000 workers in the San Francisco bay area The machinists seek a 30 per cent pay increase AFL boilermakers and team sters said they would cross picket lines set up by the machinists Meanwhile at Akron Ohio 15 000production workers at the Firestone Tire and Rubber Co were idled by an unauthorized strike of maintenance workers and engineers All production units were shut down for lack of power Three plants of Higgins Indus tries Inc in New Orleans were shut down when 3500 members of he AFLmetal trades council failed to report for work Strike leaders said no organized work NATIONALISTSIN 1NOFFICIALWAR ON CHINA REDS Government Forces Suffer 15000 in Battle Casualties Chungking of heavy fighting between Chinese communist and central govern ment troops in north China pic tured Monday a nation locked in civil war real though not offi cially declared Wufare is growing in Intensity in Shantung Shansi and Suiyuan provinces said dispatches re ceived in Chungking The Chinese press attributed to Gen Yen HsiShan governor ot Shansi now visiting Chungking a statement that government forces suffered 15000 casualties and communist losses also were heavy in fighting centering around Changchih strategic town in southeastern Shansi which Yen conceded the reds captured Independent reports said that wherever the communists were retreating along railways they were destroying tracks and blow ing up bridges This explained the slowmove ment of Generalissimo Chiang KaiSheks troops which are pro ceeding along the FeipingHan kow and Tientsin Pukow rail roads to replace United States marines in the PeipingTientsin area Insistent reports that the Rus sians were supply the communists with captured Japanese war ma terial continued to circulate in Chungking but no one in au thority would allow himself to be quoted Other reports told of bitter fighting in 11 provinces mostly in ers were crossing the metal trades members picket lines They blamed the strike on the manage ments failure to sign new con tracts with thecouncil A new crisis arose in theHol lywood movie strike originally scheduled to end Monday morn ing Strike Leader Herbert Sor rell warned that unless all as pects of the AFL juris diction al dispute were settled by Tuesday afternoon picketing would be re sumed at the studios Meanwhile labor and industry looked to capitol hill for guidance in the growing reconversion snarl over postwar wages Strike ma chinery was in motion in the au tomotive steel electrical and other industries The longawaited administra tion policy on wages and prices was expected to come Tuesday night in a radio address at 9 p m CST over major networks from President Truman It was believed Mr Truman would ad vocate of pay to fill the gap between inflated war time takehome wages and reduc tionscaused by shorter postwar hours and dropped incentive pay Buy yourVictoryBonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Gen Yamashita Faces 123 War Crimes witnesses at he opening of Gen Tomoyuki Yamashitas war crimes trial Mon day that they saw his troops bayo net and shoot to death 40 civilians Red Cross headquarters during the battle of Manila last Febru ary Most of the victims were wo men and children One was a 10 dayold baby A 4th witness Juan P Juan a Filipino educator whose wife 2 daughters daughterinlaw and 7 grandchildren died in the slaugh ter said that a Japanese captain 3 months earlier had told him that the Japanese intended to kill all white persons in the orient Yamashita the erstwhile Tig er of Malay who once was re garded as Japans best field gen eral sat unsmiling as the wit nesses told of atrocities un paralleled even in the nazi horror camps of Germany Fiftynine additional charges were added at the opening of the trial to the 64 war crimes orig inally lodged against him The 125 counts hold TaroashiU responsible as supreme Japanese commander In the Philippines in 1944 and 1345 for the deaths of 57000 Americans Filipinos and others through torture execution starvation and neglect GEXERAL YAMASHITA of Malay Pretty Patrocinio Abad 26 year old Filipino actress was the firs witness summoned to tell of the massacre at Red Cross headquar trs Between sobs she testified that Japanese enlisted navy men bayo netted her 9 times and her 10 month olddaughter 3 times The Infant died within 4 hours She said she saw more than 50 other civilians who had sought refuge in theRedCross building bayonetted and shot within 1 hour on that 10 John K Lewy a German refu gee testified that his fiancee and 10 other friends were bayonetted and shot to death by a Japanese officer and 2 enlisted men as they huddled in the ladles toilet Glicera And ay a a Red Cross nurse said the German refugees were hiding in another section of the building from her but she heard shots and the screams of the victims She said a 3 year old child sit ting in a hallway near her was shot 3 times in the mouth by a Japanese while she herself was bayonetted in the left breast She went 4 days without medical aid unable to leave the building Miss Andaya said she knew of 40 deaths in the building that day The 47 year old Juan said he was at his home next door when 11 members his family were slain in the Red Cross building north China but including central parts of the natipjiand Kwang province on the southeast coast The new China Daily News communist publication estimated 800000 central government troops were battling the Reds Neutral observers said they believed this figure was exaggerated but all quarters conceded the fighting was serious We cannot consider the situa tion represents a civil war until Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek openly proclaims It to be so and calls the communists rebels said an official communist spokesman Sources favoring Chiangs gov ernment said they believed the only way to unify the nation was to eliminate the communists which they said they thought Chiang could do with an allout well executed campaign in from 3 to 6 months These sources said they be lieved Chiang would start a smashing campaign against the communists were he not appre hensive over the reaction from other nations particularly the United States and the possibility that Russia might support the reds Several Chungking sources said they believed that there was no real chance of putting the current deadlocked unity discussions be tween the communists and Chi angs government on the road to peaceful settlement A communist spokesman In Chungking clearly indicated that the reds would continue tofight rather than allow central govern ment forces any free passage alongcommunication lines to north China The communists announced cap ture of Linmingwang railroad town near Tzehsien in southern Hopei Province after inflicting heavy losses on puppet troops Possession of L i n m i n gwang would put the communists across the route central government troops moving toward Peiping to relieve American marines in the north The marines have not become involved in the fighting and have been ordered to slay clear of any entanglement in Chinas Internal troubles An official communist spokes man said his party leaders had turned down a central government offer to make no move against the reds outside of railway zones in north China in return for com munist noninterference with rail communications The communists he said would not abandon their railway strong points uniess Chiangs government agreed to confine traffic to civil ians and freight Another communist report said that central government troops which have been flown into the TientsinPeiping area were plan ning to push westward along the PeipingSuiyuan railroad in an attempt to contact troops of Geo Fu TsoiYi moving eastward in inner Mongolia Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ;