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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 28, 1959, Mason City, Iowa North lowos Daily Newspaper Edited tee the HOME EDITION VOL it Auoelated Pret ud rmi Newspaper That Makei All North lowons Neighbors MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 21 CTe Cw H Theory of Darwin Survives Little Green Book Recast Thinking 100 Years Ago WASHINGTONOne hundred years ago a British publisher issued a small green volume that abruptly recast the think ing nf the civilized world The book was Charles Dar wins Origin of It was published November 24 1859 and the entire edition of copies sold out that day The book created a sensation amqng men on the street as well as scientists and clergymen Nothing in nature was ever again to appear the same The idea of evolution was not really new but a patient and meticu lous genius had marshaled factsto prove that all living things including man are pro ducts of natural selection through survival of the THE STUFF OF which Dar wins time bomb was made came out of a roundtheworld voyage two decades earlier in Beagle the National Geographic Society says The brig weighed anchor in 1831 to survey littleknown parts of the Southern Hemisphere Young Darwin had studied at Cambridge University with the thought his fathers of becom ing a clergyman His great love was science however and he jumped at the chance of going along as an unpaid naturalist Darwin turned out to be an enthusiastic if somewhat queasy traveler Of seasickness he wrote It is no trifling evil cured in a Of travel map of the world ceases to become a blank it becomes a picture full of the most varied and animated AS BEAGLE worked pains takingly around the world con centrating on the coasts and islands of South America Dar win amassed one of the worlds greatest collections of fossils rocks plants and animals At times he was moved to deep emoliori No one can PreSummi ing Likely in December tirs AP Photofax WHAT A MIXUP Linda Marie Po mona Calif walked across the street and asked a new neighborgirl her name Linda the new girl replied Thats mine the first Linda commented Then she asked the second Linda her last name the second Linda countered Well if youre confused so is everyone else in Pomona since the two girls are in the samegrade at the same school same class in Sunday school and inthe same junior church choir No theyre not related just VERY good friends by now thank you Iowa Widow Slain by Deranged Neighbor SIOUX CITY Wi A widow who lived alone in the Morning side College district here was stabbed to death with a butcher knife at her home Tuesday night A neighbor man described by police as a mental case wielding the kmfe police said The victim Minnie Johnston 62 was stabbed height times in the the abdomen Dr Thomas Coriden stand in these solitudes Brazil and Tierra del Fuego unmoved and not feel that there is more in man than the mere breath of his It was in the grim barren black basaltic Darwin found a lost world laboratory of evolution He observed strange creatures that were to his fancy like antediluvian animals The fact that giant tortoises and Galapagan finches differed slightly from island to island crystallized his theories of slow evolution over the ages DARWIN WAS AN amateur geologist when he left England On his return he had no peer among naturalists in firsthand knowledge of the living chang ing world Unfortunately the trip had impaired his health He wrote Woodbury County coroner said Held without bond was Kenneth W Muff 32 who Jived on the next street directly behind the Johnston home Officers said Muff gave no reason for slaying but told them I felt I should kill her Police took a statement from Muff and related this story Muff took the knife from his home and walked to the John ston house and found the front door locked In answer to his knock the widow opened the in side door hut left the storm door latched On Muffs insistence that he had to talk to her she admitted him to the living room Muff without further words Strike Having Its Effect on Rocket Program MIAMI BEACH W Space Chief T Keith Glennan said Wednesday the steel strike is delaying a crucial space pro Vega rocket capable of putting up a Sputniksize sat ellite Glennan administrator of the National Aeronautics and Ike Tells of Progress WASHINGTON W President Eisenhower said Wednesday he and the other Western leaders are ready and willing to hold a presummit conference about midDecember Eisenhower told a news con ference however that no site has been picked and no specific time Those matters he said will be handled through diplo matic channels Such a Western summit meet ing would bring together Eisen hower French President Charles de Gaulle Britains Prime Minister Harold Macmil lan and West Germanys Chan cellor Konrad Adenauer The first question put to Ei senhower any prog ress has been made on arrange ment for a Western summit con ference THE PRESIDENT said last week he was willing toattend such a time from now Wednesday Eisenhower noted thathe has taken that position Then he went on to say that Die Gaulle has explained of the to some began using the knife Then he e I Space Administration started home and on the met his father Kenneth Muff gave no way indication as to the extent of the delay the perennially fresh Voyage of the Beagle and other volumes But he had to live a sheltered existence and he con fided his growing theory to pri vate notebooks and private let ters The frail scientist might never have produced his famous book the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life it not been for a twist of fate In 1858 he received a letter from a plant collector A R Wallace outlining ideas o n evolution that coincided pre cisely with his own The joint papers of Darwin and Wallace were presented before the Lin nean Society on July l 1858 A year later Darwin filled in the details with his Origin of The book laid the foundations Of modern biology Though some of his ideas have been changed or modified modern geneticists have placed on an eef sounder basis the concept of evolution who was out looking for him The father summoned Patrol man Herbert Bonham who lives in the neighborhood The patrol man found the body Police said Mrs Johnston was acquainted with he younger Muff but he had not been in her home for a year and a half Muff had twice been in avet erans hospital and in a hospital at Iowa City GOOEY VERDICT CAMBRIDGE Md UP The Dorchester County grand jury ended a twoday session Tues day recommendation that all chewing gurri be removed from jury room chairs The threestage Vega was de signed to place pounds in an orbit 300 miles above the earth or pounds into a deep space trajectory to the moon and beyond It was scheduled to be ready for initial flight early in As the situation stands now it is reasonably certain sarly 1961 the Vega will be the first of our space vehicle sys terns capable of matching the performance demonstrated by he Russians more than a year Glennan said I have no doubt that the Rus sians will be improving their systems during this same pe he added him difficulties the French leader has regarding high level meetings Withbii elaborating on that Eisenhower then said De Gaulle will be ready to attend a Western sum mit about midDecember As for the agreement on tim ing Eisenhower said once again he would have preferred an ear lier Western conference On that matter ap parently has been the stumbling block The French government took the position that any East West summit meeting should be deferred until and that there should be leisurely meetings of the Western leaders Acts AP Photofax mony marks the 350th anniversary of the founding of lands first colony in the New Wbrldi The man at right wears a uniform iden Raleigh inWhitehall London The cere tical to those of Raleighs RALEIGH STATUE UNVEILED Ambassador John Hay Whitney activates a rope unveils a statue of Sir Walter to Run for in advance of that time Ade nauer has gone along with that view At the news conference at tended by 228 reporters Eisen hower discussed these other top ics DES Sen Jack Shroeder RDavenport informed Republican state office holders by letter Wednesday thathe will seek the partys nomination for governor next year The letter said Schroeder ex pects to make his formal an nouncement Thursday Schroeder 34 a Davenport attorney was Senate majority floor leader in the 1959 legisla Mason City Cloudy with oc casional light rain Wednesday night and Thursday Little warmer Wednesday night lows 3236 Cooler Thursday highs 3842 Iowa occasional light rainbeginning west Wednes day night spreading over state Thursday Little warmer Wed MILLION FOR BUILDING Auctions Come High on New Yorks Wall Street fAME NEW YORK for Th auctioneers final cry echoed in Ntw York reales tate circles Wednesday It was the winning bid for real estate tycoon William Zeckendorf for the 71 story 40 Wall St Build ing which is the fourth tallest skyscraper in the world The skyscraper went on the auction block with a required starting bid of million Only two prospective buyers stepped forwardto deposit to enable them to en ter the Zeckendorf president of Webb aV Knapp and Sidney R Nussen feld an attorney representing a syndicate of real estate in vestors began the bidding briskly with jumps But at the offer ings began to drop to bids cautiously felt their way into the higher brackets Zeckendorf began to put the pressure on at with jumps of Nus enfeW kept in the running with At Nutsenfeld Mid his group would have no other bid and the building was sold to Zeckendorf for that price I think we bought a mar velous property and paid a fair price for Zeckendorf said but that was the last I would have The building constructed in for million is fully rented and brings in an an nual rental ef abevt million morning Kaiser Steel Corp strike settlement agree ment with Steelworkers Union should be a signal for labor and management to find a basis for getting the industry in general back to full steel production Eisenhower said The President noted that Kaiser turns out only about 2 per cent of normal total production of steel In that light he added the Kaiser settlement did not have a very vital impact on the overall strike picture Edward Folliard of the Washington Post brought up the matter of Premier Fidel Castros verbal attacks on the United States and asked Eisenhower What do you sup pose sir is eating on the guy When the laughter subsided Eisenhower replied he did not want to try to determine what Castro He said he would stand on the statement issued Tuesday by the State De partment That expressed shock and amazement over the attacks by the Cuban leader Later in the news er said the United States is making every possible effort to see that airfields in this coun try are not used as bases for bombing Cuba with antiCas tro propaganda leaflets Temperatures on Rise Over Iowa Temperatures over Iowa were on the upgrade Wednesday and top readings were due to be about 10 degrees higher than those of Tuesday But another downturn is expected through the weekend Dubuque reported a low of 28 degrees Wednesday tive session HE HAS BEEN a member of the Iowa Senate since 1955 and previously had served two terms in the House He is the second to announce hiscandidacy for the Republi can nomination for governor Former state Rep John Knud son Albion farmer previously had said he would seek the nom ination Schroeder sent his letter to all Republican state office holders except Atly Erbe Erbe is expected 16 oppose Schroeder for the nomination THE LETTER said the GOP in the last session of the Legis lature tried to show the people the Republicans could present a constructive program and are again ready to assume leader nesday night lows 3343 Cooler northwest Thursday Kighs 38 northwest to 48 south east Further outlook Con siderable cloudiness occasion cooler southeast ship I promise you an aggressive campaign one on the merits and issues created by our legis lators on both state and national levels and free from personali the letter added Schroeder also pledged close liaison with party leaders on a issues and appointments I may be called upon to al rain and Friday Fivepay Iowa Temperatures will average 6 to 8 degrees be low normal Wednesday night throughnext Monday After noon highs will be in the 40s Overnight lows will be from the upper 20s northwest to the 30s elsewhere Rather cool throughout the period with only minor daily temperature changes Precipitation will range from 30 of an inch northwest to around one inch southeast occurringas rain or snow during the period Minnesota Scattered rain or flurries little temperature change Highs Thursday 3542 GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 Wednesday Quit After 39 Years WASHINGTON D Murphy undersecretary of state and troubleshooter in U S diplomacy is about to retire after 39 years in the foreign service Mrrphy whowas 65 yearsold Wednesday has decided to ac cept a post in private business turning down the opportunity to become ambassador to West Germany Since 1953 the W i s c o n s i n born Murphy has been the high est ranking career Maximum Minimum At 8 m 36 30 31 in the State D e partments top echelon The late Foster Dulles 7J relied heavily on his judg ment and skill as a negotia tor to help set 11 e many a diplomatic cri MURPHY sis Secretary of State Christian A Herter has relied on Murphy just as Murphy has played key roles in helping settle the fighting in Lebanon the Trieste and many backstage diplomatic quarrels He also has been one of the most influential men in the Stale Department in deciding on pol icy with the Soviet Union in FBOM OUR WIKE SERVICES The govern ment asked the Supreme Court Wednesday to set a deadline of Thursday noon for the union to appeal the injunction order sending the striking Steelwork ers back to work for 80 days An Appeals Court ruling up holding the injunction Tuesday gave the Steelworkers six days to filethe appeal to the Supreme Court The Justice De partment filed a brief Wednes day asking that the action be speeded up THE JUSTICE Department said union brings its ap pealto the court by Thursday noon the government will pro vide its answer later the day The government petition re suggested that the justices consider the matter on Friday and if they wish to near oral arguments that they do so next Monday The Justice Department pointed but that under this pro cedure courts will be in a position to render a ruling on the merits if it desires to hear the case by or near the end of the sixday the courts will undoubtedly want toobtain the unions view of the govern ments proposal before deciding whether to agree to it THE GOVERNMENT at the order of President Eisenhower sought the 80day backtowork injunction on grounds the 106 dayold strike has created a na tional emergency The injunc tion is provided for under the TaftHartley law The Justice Department mo tion wis filed with Edmund P Cullinan deputy clerk of the court Ordinarily a losing party in a lower court has 90 days in which to file a petition for Supreme Court review But un der regular procedure the low er courts decision takes effect Two cracks have appeared in the united front of the steel companies against the union On Monday Kaiser Steel ninth largest in the industry signed a lone wolf contract with the union tt is getting its big West Coast mill back into opera lion Tuesday Detroit Steel which ranks 16th signed ah agreement along the lines of the Kaiser settlement On the Inside Editorials 4 North Iowa Society News Clear Lakt Naws Sports Mason City Comics Lattst Markets SHOWDOWN FOR RAILROADS Featherbed Blocks Tracks LaborIndustry Spat Ahead i JACK SCHROEDER Editors Note This is the first in a series of articles on featherbedding on the rail By VARTANIGVARTAN New York Herald Tribune News Service NEW YORKAmericas rail roads are highballing toward their loudest labormanagement collision of the century Block irigthe track is a This imaginary bed snorts management the industry a real halfbillion dollars every year compare the featherbed bill to the 1906 San Francisco fire which saw only million go up in smoke The showdown date dawns Sunday in Chicago After threeyear moratorium on work rule changes the train finally pullsin for the critical negotia tions If the two sides fail to agree a major strike could result This featherbed fight fans out beyond the railroads It is the same drive for more manage ment flexibility in working con ditions that led to the steel and dock strikes It is part of the most critical labor question of the generation Rail who next month hand to labor proposals for re vising featherbedding describe the practice as for work not performed or not A key management target Re moving the firenien on Diesel locomotives in freight and yard service Union leaders brand the half as pure hokum dreamed up by rail roadst executives who see line and money running out for x ;