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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 28, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT 67 HllffOHY ANa ARCHIVES KO INEB I A C0MP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Pros United Fiesi Full Leund Wka Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER 28 1946 Thlj Paper Consists of Two One No 18 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Manoging Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mason City SnndiY p m WTAD Qnlncy 111 Mon p m WOI Ames TUMSW VVSU1 CUT Thnrsdiy p Liberalism Needs Some Redefining REMEMBER the 3 blind men in the old Hindu fable Each touched the elephant in a differ ent place and each came up with a widely different conception of the nature of the beast Its an interesting old story but I mention it here only by way of giving it application to a word thats bandied about these days with no a pronounced to what it really means That word is liberalism William Aylott Orton in his significant book The Liberal Tradition leads off in his intro duction with this penetrating ob servation The crying need of modern liberalism is for a clearer percep tion of principle A great tradi the oldest and richest in political all but lost in a fog of careless words and empty phrases Particularly in America the term liberal is being used to cover policies ranging from 19lh century laissez fairc to dictatorial collectivism more it is being de liberately misapplied by persons whose programs what ever their merits are in temper and outlook as to means as well as ends radi cally alien to the liberal tradition This has become possible be cause the public and the popular press have almost forgotten the existence of political principle in the sense in which Jefferson and Lincoln and Gladstone understood it Nor have they found in recent events domestic or international much to remind them rpHE plain unvarnished truth is Jthat the label liberalism these past 20 or 25 years has been tacked on to all manner of ex cursions into the realm of regi mentation and authoritarian gov ernment and ideologies wholly for eign and hostile to this tradition of liberalism have been launched and promoted under a counterfeit flag The course has been despic able and its no favorable reflec tion on world intelligence that the perpetrators have been able to get away with it Lets take a look at the history and evolution of this thing called liberalism then givexsome specific consideration to the manner in which it has been manhandled by contemporary demagogs THE cradle of liberalism of course was ancient Greece Plato toyed with the liberal con cept but Aristotle probably gave best expression to it Aristotle clung to Z central theses One was that humans are better ruled by law than by man the other was that government should have a measure of consent from those governed Paternalism was abhorrent to Aristotle and his notion of consent lent it self to expansion into the theory of popular government A significant milepost in the development of this Grecian ideal was erected 700 years ago when the Magna Charta carne into be ing the first effective earnest that man has certain rights in government by virtue of being human The first 10 amendments to the American constitution known as the bill of rights constituted another historic station along the upward course of true liberalisms evolution Best known spokesman for true liberalism in this era was Thomas Jefferson who contended with vigor that that government gov erns best which governs least And its an anomalous situation that many most earnestly com mitted to regimentation in the contemporary scene worship Jef ferson as their patron saint FOR what strikes me as being the most satisfying definition of liberalism in its current state Ive gone to an eminent British liberal the late Ramsay Muir Liberalism is a belief in the value of human personality and a the source of all progrci oiics in the free exer cise of individual energy It pro duces an eagerness to emancipate all individuals or groups so that they may freely exercise their powers so far as this can be done without injury to others It involves a readiness to use the power of the state for the purposes of creating the conditions within which individual energy can thrive of preventing all abuses of power of affording to every citizen the means of ac quiring mastery of his own capa cities and of establishing a real equality of oportunity for all THE American counterpart ol this conception I think is to be found in these words by Min CONT1NUED ON PAGE 2 Wilkins Iowa Commissioner of Public Safety Succumbs Boone IP L Wilkins 52 Iowa commissioner of public safety died at his home here Monday Wilkins suffered a heart attack Sunday night and died at 5 a m Monday He had headed the public safety department since July 1915 Previously he had been Boone county sheriff for 8 years and a deputy sheriff 4 years prior to that He is survived by his widow and a son Gareth who is an army air corps veteran of the recent war Wilkins was the 2nd unexpected death among high officials of the department this year Clint A Knee chief of the Iowa highway patrol died last March 6 and succeeded by Wilkins who had commuted the 40 miles from his home here to Des Moines most of the time since his appoint ment because he was unable to find a house in the capital was born at Og den Iowa and attended e 1 e mentary and high school there He was a member of the Iowa national guard in 1917 WILKINS and served ov erseas during World War I On his return he farmed until 1931 when he entered the Boone coun ty sheriffs office Although he had headed the de partment public safety for more than a year he had been acting commissioner until a few months ago Karl W Fischer of Vinton who became commissioner of the new state department when it was formed in 1939 held the post un til he was given a leave of ab sence in May 1943 to enter the army as a major When he re turned from army duty he re signed as commissioner to return to private life and Wilkins dropped the acting from his title The a year post was the center of considerable controversy last year when Gov Robert D Blue fired R B Rusty Laird Sidney republican who had be come acting commissioner in Fischers department and named Wilkins Although Laird said that his appointment of a former republi can legislator to a department job without consulting the chief ex ecutive was one of the points at issue between him and the gov ernor Blue announced only that the change was in the best inter est of the administration of the department The position was created in 1939 as a result of the consolidation of a number of related activities pre viously under different state de partments These were the divi sions of criminal investigation fire marshal highway patrol op erators and chauffeurs licenses motor vehicle registration police radio communications safety ed ucation and accident statistics Surveys Show GOP Trend as Campaign Enters Last Week Demos Sharply Dispute Accuracy of Poll in j J AFTER GERMAN BLAST Congress Control Drive New York and sur veys indicate that republican po litical prospects are the best in 16 years as the midterm congres sional election campaign Monday enters its windup week Polling for controlof the 80th congress and to fill hundreds of state of fices takes place Nov 5 The 80th congress will convene at noon Jan 3 1947 Democrats sharply dispute the accuracy and the significance of polls which suggest a GOF trend is rolling Democratic National Committee Chairman Robert E Hannegan scoffed at crystal gaz ers who seek to forecast elections and held that some returns were rigged against his party Maines traditionally early elec tion took place on Sept 9 There remain to be elected next week 33 governors 35 United States senators and 432 representatives in addition to hundreds of lesser states officials Maine elected 3 republican representatives one republican senator and a republi can governor last September The 35 senate seats at stake next week were held in the expir ing 79th congress by 24 democrats 10 republicans and one progres sive Sen Robert M LaFollette of Wisconsin who entered the publican primary this year but was not renominated In addition to these contests for 35 senate seats in the 80th con gress which convenes next Jan uary 3 two states are holding short term elections forseats in the 79th congress which expires on that day They are Ohio and Connecticut Unless President Truman summons a special session of the 79th congress the short term winners in Ohio and Con necticut will not take their seats although they can draw pay American political tradition practically assures that the repub licans will gain seats in both the house and senate on Nov 5 With one exception in modern American political history the majority party alwayshas lost congressional seats in offyear polling Surveys and polls indicate fur ther that the republicans have an excellent chance to win house con trol this time and that there is a more remote possibility of the senate going G O P as well The congressional party align ment is as follows Senate Democrats 56 republi cans 39 progressive 1 House Democrats 236 republi cans 192 progressive 1 Ameri can labor 1 vacant 5 Republicans must make a net gain of 26 seats to obtain a bare house majority of 218 in the 80th congress They need a net gain of 10 for a bare senate majority of 49 Among the 48 states there now are 25 democratic governors and 23 republicans Among the 33 states holding gubernatorial elec tions next week 16 incumbents are democratic and 17 republicans 320Acre Gamer Farm Sells for an A D L Hoover 320 acre farm southeast of Garner was sold recently for an acre The farm was purchased by B A Lenz of Story City and he and his family plan to take pos session March 1 1947 The sale was handled through the office of C E Proctor and J N Sprole as agents for Hoover Former SS Officer Held for Questioning Frankfurt police jailed 10 persons Monday includ ing a former lieutenant in the nazi storm troopers for questioning inthe bombing of the denazifica tion court building at Esslingen Authorities said those arrested were believed to have knowledge of the persons who crept along a shallow canal in Esslingen soon after 8 p m Sunday and planted the bomb on a window sill at the courthouse Explosives experts said the bombers apparently were the ones who hurled 3 bombs at denazifi cation courts and military police headquarters in Stuttgart and near Backnang a week ago Hen Pheasant Seeks Shelter in Theater Webster City Either hen pheasants around here dont trust the chivalry of hunters or else Manager Percy Longs theater lobby is deceptively like home Sunday night only 15i hours before the pheasant hunting sea son opened a hen pheasant stalked into the lobby for a look around at the cornstalks and other au tumn trimmings with which the Webster theater is decorated in connection with a harvest festival The bird didnt get to enjoy the protection of the theater long for she was caught taken out to the edge of town and released in a genuine corn field to face again the perils of life in the wild Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon day Monday night and Tues day with occasional light rain Tuesday morning Cooler Tues day Iowa Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday with occasional showers western and north cen tral portion Somewhat ivarmer extreme east portion and cooler northwest portion Tuesday Lows Monday night 5256 Highs Tuesday 60 northwest to 73 southeast Minnesota Mostly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday with occa sional rain north and west Mon day night and north and east central Tuesday No decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 57 Minimum 49 At 8 a m Monday 57 YEAR AGO Maximum 65 Minimum 37 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 60 Minimum 39 At 8 a m Sunday 42 YEAR AGO Maximum 51 Minimum 32 HIGH COURT REJECTS GEORGIA VOTE SUITS TRUMAN SENDS NOTE TO ARABS ON PALESTINE Reiterates Belief That Steps Necessary for Jewish limmigration Washington JP President Truman has sent a message to Sing Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia reiterating his belief that steps should be taken to insure the im mediate substantial immigration of refugee Jews into Palestine He told the Arab leader that he could not agree with the latters statement that there was incon sistency in the American position Replying to a letter received from Ibn Saud October 15 the president wrote With regard to the possibility envisaged by your majesty that orce and violence may be used by Jews in aggressive schemes against the neighboring Arab countries I can assure you that his government stands opposed to aggression of any kind or to the employment of terrorism for poli tical purposesI may add more over that I am convinced that re sponsible Jewish leaders do not contemplate a policy of aggression against the Arab countries adja cent to Palestine The president said he still ad hered to the belief widely shared by the people of this coun try that nothing would contri bute more effectively to the alle viation of the plight of homeless Jews than the authorization of the immediate entry of at least 100000 of them to Palestine In a letter released by the white house Monday he reminded the Arab leader that no decision has aeen made on this proposal which tie submitted originally to Prime Minister Attlee of Great Britain more than a year ago In the interim he said it is only natural that this govern ment should favor at this time the entry into Palestine of con siderable numbers of displaced Jews in Europe The president reiterated a pre vious view that a concerted ef fort should be made to open the gates of other lands including the United States to those unfortu nate persons He added that he is prepared to ask congress for special legislation admitting to3 this country addi tional numbers of these persons over and above the immigration quotas fixed by our laws New Zealand Delegate Hits Veto Powers United Nations Hall Flushing N Y Zealand Monday laiddown a broadside against big power privileges in the general assembly with a charge that the veto power had manacled the lands and fettered the feet of he United Nations The great powers are attempt ing to have their cake and eat it 00 Sir Carl Bercndscn chief lew Zealand delegate said in the most bitter assault yet on the use of the veto power in the security council Coincident with his attack the United States was reported form ulating a proposal for more dis creet use of the veto power and he Chinese delegate V K Wel lington Koo indicated in a speech o the assembly Monday that hina would back the U S move In another attack on the big powers Egypt demanded the with drawal of troops stationed in small nations Bercndsen said that the work of the security council to date had offered a humiliating spectacle both because of its failure to agree on major issues and because of the prolonged wrangles over pro cedure Recalling that the Big Five had forced passage of the veto rule at the San Francisco conference Ber endsen said The marriage of the veto to the charter was a shot gun wedding The vetopower as it at present exists is not consonant with any law of logic or of morality It is in essence an application of the false principle that might is right1 Pickets Withdrawn at East Gulf Coast Ports New York nations costliest maritime strike in history ended Monday when the Masters Mates and Pilots union AFL withdrew picket lines from east and gulf coast ports and ordered its members to return to work The MMP announced that mem bers had voted overwhelmingly to ratify terms of an agreement reached Saturday with representa tives of 44 ship operators to end the 28day strike but it did not disclose the vote Withdrawal of the MMP picket lines permitted members of the International Longshoremens as sociation AFL to resume load ing and unloading of 1181 ships tied up on the east and gulf coasts Members of the Marine Engineers Beneficial association CIO also returned to work The Marine Engineers reached agree ment previously with the ship owners but continued to respect MMP picket lines Both unions received 15 per cent wage in creases Wins Butter Contest DCS Moines G Huise berg assistant butter maker at the York creamery Williamsburg won the butter contest staged an nually at the convention of the Iowa Creamery Operators asso ciation and Iowa Creameries Ot to Harms Estherville won a supe rior rating Results were an nounced at the conventions clos ing Saturday Lure of Fur Coat Is Coyotes Downfall Mitchell S Dak lure of the city all places a fur disaster to a coyote that strayed from his rural haunts When discovered the animal was jumping excitedly at a Mitch ell store window in which fur coats were displayed A bullet from Policeman Art Newmans pistol made one more fur available for the display ASK STATE AID IN STRIKE RIOT Workers Try to Return at AlhsChalmers Plant Milwaukee broke out before the gates of the strike bound Allis Chalmers Farm Equipment plant Monday and the company appealed to Gov Wal ter S Goodland after authorities said the situation was beyond their control The company sent a telegram to the governor informing him that Tom Kostello chief of West Al lis police was unable to open lanes through picket lines as striking CIO United Automobile Workers began mass picketing to break up a backtowork move ment Walter Geist president of the firm charged that Milwaukee Sheriff George Hanley had failed to send deputies to the scene after Kostello announced the situation out of control More than 50 strikers and work ers were mauled and pushed in 3 bloody skirmishes before the plant gates during a half hour period Monday morning The fighting occurred as the 8 a m shift of nonstriking workers at tempted to get to thenjobs Those attempting to get through the lines were members of a back towork movement which had grown steadily in recent months The companys production and maintenance employes have been on strike since April 30 The com pany has claimed that the move ment to return to work was a spontaneous action by individual strikers Kilroy Jr Comes on Minneapolis at the University of Minnesota searched Monday for the body 0 Kilroy They buried Kilroy Friday in a mock ceremony to end the legend of the chalkyfingered spook who preceded American GIs wherever they went in World War II Sunday night somebody stole Kilroys tombstone and casket from the campus Scrawled in the Coffman Memorial building were the words Kilroy Jr was here AP Wircpholo CITIZENS COLLECT GARBAGE Mayor De Lessups Morrision of New Orleans left checks out a volunteer garbage collector Alfred W Doane as citizens of New Or leans La answered the mayors call for volunteers after a 5 day strike New Orleans Mayor and City Officials Collect Garbage Strikers Protest Move to Pick Up 5 Days of Accumulated Refuse GARNER BOY 1ST HUNTING VICTIM Suffers Lung Injury When Gun Discharges Haberkamp 16 son of Mr and Mrs Verner Haber kamp was in serious condition in a Mason City hospital Monday as the result of injuries suffered in a hunting accident near here Sat urday afternoon He was hunting with Ross Utt jr and Eldon Beers 4 miles west of Garner when the gun of one of his companions accidentally dis charged the load hitting Haber kamp in the arm one of the bullets penetrating a lung Haberkamp was taken to Mercy hospital Mason City where blood transfusions were necessary The young man is a sophomore in Gar ner high school It was the first hunting accident of the season reported in this vicinity Boone Headquarters of National Guard 34th Division Artillery Des Moines Gen Charles H Grahl announced Mon day the selection of Boone as headquarters of the IowaNebras ka national guards 34th division artillery He announced also the head quarters staff and said the divi sions headquarters battery also had been allocated to Boone Col Gerald E DuBois Boone was named division artillery ex ecutive officer Maj Norman A Erbe Boone division artillery air officer Maj Robert J Taylor Council Bluffs supply officer Maj John van der Linden Des Moines intelligence officer and Capt Walter W Fisher Boone assistant plans and training offi cer Brig Gen Walter L Anderson Boone is commander of the 34th division artillery His appointment was announced previously Commander of the headquarters battery will be Capt Arthur J Lantz Boone Men Get Break Du Quoin III one day nylons were sold to men only by a department store whose man ager explained Just giving husbands a break on early Christmas shopping for their wives New Orleans De lesseps S Morrison and other city officials donned old clothes Mon day to direct a crew of volunteers in picking up 5 days of garbage left stranded on the sidewalks by a strike of garbage collectors The youthful mayor and Prop erty Commissioner Theo O Ho tard announced that 45 motor ve hicles would be used by the vol unteers who were requested to report in old clothing The city will furnish the necessary gloves Meanwhile the New Orleans joint board of Textile Workers Union of America CIO con demned the volunteer program and suggested a meeting of CIO locals Monday to protest the ac tion Morrison and Hotard empha sized that the move to collect the 5day accumulation of refuse by volunteers was purely a civic pending recruitment of employes by the degartment of civil service The department placed a promi nent advertisement in all New Orleans papers Monday titled Men Wanted The ad offered 5615 a day for drivers and 5540 a day for collectors with oppor tunity to qualify soon for full civil service status Morrison in a letter to the 300 drivers collectors and incinerator workers informed them that their walkout had separated them selves from their jobs Some of the men are affiliated with the Federation of State County and Municipal Workers of America AFL but leaders of the local could not be reached for their re action to the volunteer move The striking collectors drivers and incinerator men complained previously that they were re quired to pick up 2 days garbage on Friday since Thursdays col lections are devoted to the picking up of trash Trash was defined as old papers boxes leaves branch es discarded lumber and similar used material or articles Police Supt A A Walters an nounced that city policemen would be detailed to garbage col lecting vehicles Morrison said that those volunteering by tele phone included members of var ious civic organizations and Tu lane university students President Rufus C Harris of Tulane said any student volun teering for such duty would be excused from classes RULES AGAINST ACTION ON UNIT ELECTION SETUP Court Also Wipes Out Ruling of 3 Judges Favoring Talmadge Vote Washington supreme court Monday by a 6 to 3 vote threw out suits attacking Georgias county unit system of elections Officials said the court ordered also wiped out rulings of a spe cial 3judgc U S district court in Atlanta upholding the system un der which Eugene Talmadge was nominated governor without a majority of the popular votes Although the order slated no reason officials explained the court apparently felt that the low er tribunal had been asked to en join something that already had primary election it self The district court held that the Georgia plan does not violate con stitutional guarantees of equal rights It acted on 2 suits attack ing the system both of which were appealed to the supreme court The justices dismissed both ap peals and ordered the bills of com plaint be dismissed by the lower court But Justice Rutlcdge said the review should have been granted and declared in an opinion that decisions of the lower court were somewhat dubious rulings upon strictly jurisdictional matters The county unit system also per mitted defeat of Rep Helen Doug as Mankin in the fifth congres sional district although she re ceived most popular votes Under the plan from two to six unit votes are assigned to a county and hey go to candidates receiving he most votes in the county The lower court observed the plan operates like the electoral college system In electing a presi without a popular vote majority The court also decided to keep lands off the Illinois election set up It refused to reconsider its 4 to 3 decision of last June which rejected a proposal to remap the states congressional districts The Georgia voting system was appealed by three voters The high tribunal announced its decision in a brief order refusing to review the case The court also stated that Justices Black and Murphy favored hearing the case Recover Body Glcnwood Mo body of Orville Hucks 32 Ottumwa was recovered Sunday from the Chariton river near here Hucks drowned last Friday when the boat from which he was fishing capsized 3 IOWANS DIE IN ACCIDENTS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Accidents with guns claimed 2 lives in Iowa over the weekend and a traffic accident a 3rd Sheriff Harry Maas said Billy Breakbill 13 son of Mr and Mrs Raymond Breakbill Keokuk was killed Sunday near the Keokuk country club when a 12gauge shotgun which his 12yearold brother Jimmy picked up from the ground accidentally dis charged Thomas Nolan 32 was killed Sunday near Dubuque Sheriff Leo Martin reported when he ap parently stumbled and fell dis charging his 12gauge shotgun It was the first hunting accident of the season in Dubuque A jeep overturned on a road 3 miles east of Audubon Saturday fatally injuring Glenn Hayden 28 of Audubon Report Russians Getting Uranium m Balkan Area Berlin German report received from inside the soviet occupation zone Monday said that the Russians were secretly ex ploiting rich uranium deposits re cently discovered in the mountains on the border of Saxony and Czechoslovakia This report which could not be directly confirmed said that Rus sian geologists had made their find at the site of an old lead mine Df the German slope of the Schnee berg mountain which stands on the border Uranium ore previously had been mined in this region but the soviet find was described as ex tremely rich and the Russians wore said to be working it with great haste ;