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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 28, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP THE NEWSPAPER THAT HISTORY ANQ MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY OCTOBER 28 1944 NO 17 NAZI LINE IN HOLLAND COLLAPSING BATTLE IN EAST PRUSSIA ROARS MORE FIERCELY Nazis CounterAttack 20 Times a Day Lose Much of Best Troops ZUoscow Ufi East Prussian front dispatches said Saturday that the Germans had thrown sev eral crack panzer and grenadier divisions into a roaring battle for the GumbinnenInsterburg gate ivay to Konigsberg and they were counterattacking upward of 20 times a day Gen Ivan D Cherniakhovskys troops supported by new 21 bar rel Katushas and artillery massed to a density averaging one big gun for each yards were beating down the counterblows slowly but steadily broadening the front be tween the Masurian lakes and the Baltic and deepening the west ward penetration The Russian vanguard slugged forward within 10 miles or less of the Inster river which angles through Insterburg andthreaten ed Gumbinnen from the northeast and southeast Hod Star said the battle of East Prussia was growing fiercer by the hour after at least 4 fresh panzer divisions and a number of grena dier divisions went into action Other dispatches said the Ger mans were losing upward of 60 per cent of their effectives in some sectors as they counterattacked repeatedly but only succeeded in slowing down the soviet jugger naut Cherniakhovsky was encounter in K progressingy stronger fortifi cations echelonedin great depth Settlements along the railroad to Konigsberg had been converted into bristling fortresses with each bouse and hillock reinforced by crossfire trenches mine fields and barbed wire entanglements Pravda northern fleet in the first 10 days of Octobtr sank 50 German ships and 26 rriotorboats carrying troops It added that the day when Ger man air squadrons and wclfpacks of submarines could terrorize al lied convoys to Murmansk were gone forever Red armies were rolling up im pressive gains in several sectors between Yugoslavia and the Arc tic but the battle of East Prussia overshadowed all the other ac tions Fanning out from Stalluponen the red army troops battered through a strong German fortified belt captured 3 towns west and northwest of the rail center and continued the advance toward the Inster In Fridays fighting alone more than 3000 Germans were killed in addition to 95 tanks 11 armored troop carriers and 100 trucks be ing destroyed or disabled Stilwell Recalled From Far East Command Reported to Get New and Important Task Washington Joseph Stilwell has been recalled from his triple command in the far east and will be given a new and im MOBS CHEER PRESIDENT flag waving and paper throwing crowd cheers President Roosevelt as he rode through Germantown section of Philadelphia Fri A li c tc day Secret service men iun alongside presidential car to keep mob from breaking through Associated Press wire photo Kayenay engraving JAPS SMASH AT KWEILIN Damage 16 Planes at Superfortress Base By LEONARD MILLXMAN Associated Press War Editor Japanese trying to offset sur prising American successes in the Philippines sent reinforced col umns smashing against the out skirts of Chinas vital Kweilin and damaged 16 U S planes at a Su perfort base One fleeing Nipponese destroyer was sunk and another damaged in the south China sea Reinforced and regrouped Japa nese drove six miles closer to Kweilin in the foremost ot a 3 fold assault on that key to south east China defenses Two columns advanced to within 14 and 17 miles east of the city while an other pushed down from the northeast Other forces renewing the drive on the U S air base at Liuchow ad vanced 6 miles while the con querors of Foochow pushed inland from the central coast port Tokyo radio reported allied bombers attacked Penang in the Indian ocean 400 miles from Sing apore Eight waves o Nipponese planes swept down on 3 Superfort fields in western China Friday night but less than a dozen got through Three B20s were among the damaged ships The runway was quickly repaired Tokyo claimed 42 Superforts were destroyed and 15 others left in flames at Cheng tu INDUCEMENT TAX TO BE OUTLINED F R Goes to Chicago for Major Address By HOWARD FL1EGER Enroute to Chicago With Presi dent Roosevelt fi President Roosevelt turned his postwar bus iness Saturday with indications he will outline an inducement tax policy in Chicago Saturday night intended to help private industry maintain full employment into the postwar era The chief executive stalking 41 electoral votes in Indiana and Il linois moved to the west after an administration war policy speech in Philadelphia Friday night in which he accused some republican politicians of putting political advantage above effort to guar antee future peace While he tdlled on Saturday nights sequel to be delivered in Chicagos Soldier field white house officials said it would be devoted largely to postwar co operation between governmen and private industry One of the things he expects to advance is an administration policy for helping private enterprise through ad justed taxation to maintain ful payrolls after the boom of war industries employment ends Before he arrives in Chicago the president will make a brief plat form appearance at Fort Wayne Inu and his train will slow dowj at Lima Ohio and Gary Ind The chief executive wrote hi Chicago speech as he rode Satur day probably still recalling th noisy reception in Philadelphia iampacked Shibe park Frida night as he recounted his admin istrations preparedness and wa record Mr Roosevelt spoke partly a Commanderinchief In that ca parity he emphasized he cnos the nations present top command men responsible for what h called 27 successful DDays with in the past year After checking over his admin istrations war record he declare lo shouting Philadelphians tha some republican politicians ar stating that the republicans in th congress would cooperate with republican president in establish ing a world organization for peac intimating that the would not cooperate toward th same end in the event of a dem ocratic it seems lo me is a de liberate and indefensible effort ewey and Truman Routes Cross at Albany Station Albany N Y Thom s E Dewey enroute to Syracuse make a campaign speech en ered Union station Saturday morning saw a crowd gathered nd smiled broadly The republican presidential lominees smile vanished when e discovered the crowd was com Osed of democrats with banners waiting the arrival of Sen Harry Truman democratic vice pres dential candidate Dewey hurriedly boarded his pecial train He did not see Tru man who stopped in Albany briefly while enroute to Massa chusetts Dewey We Must Not Return o Demo Scarcity Theories ipeech since the campaign but in a pointbypoint chvonolog of his administrations defense an var record he said a republican candidate said that this admin stration has made absolutely no nilitary preparations or prepara ions for the event it now claims t foresaw in fact he describee your administration as the mos spectacular collection of incom petent people whoever held pub ic office Well now said the president that is pretty serious The only conclusion to be drawn from tha F we are losing the war If so that will be news to most of and it will certainly be news nazis and the Japs The crowd broke into a roar o laughter when the prcsiden termed the nations war effort story of Incredible achievemcn story of the job that ha been done by an administratio which I am told is old and tire and quarrelsome Mr Roosevelt addressed th Shibe park audience from an auto mobile on ramp atop second bas Afterward he made a slow circu the baseball field The crow surged through police lines agains the fendersof his car Saturday he reached the fina phase of a 2day campaig through a territory that combine casts 95 electoral votes With h appearance in Illinois he will hav within the week visited in perso the 3 states with the largest clec oral votes New York 47 Penn sylvania 35 and Illinois 28 By JACK BELL Syracuse Thomas E tewey declared Saturday that 3 quare meals a day for allof the American people would solve the eacetirae farm problem by re uiring a volume of food produc on above even that attained dur ng the war The republican presiden ial nominee who came to the site f the annual New York state air to speak in a high school uditorium seating fewer than 000 persons said in an address jrepared for delivery over a na tional hookup that Dewey Introduced n Radio Broadcast y Hickenlooper Gov Deweys introduction was made by Gov B B Hickenlooper f Iowa by radio Text of Gov lickenloopers introductory re marks on page 2 he nation raust not return to the substandard prices our farm ers were still receiving after f peacetime years of the new dea in 1940 Despite our war prosperity the governor said millions o families in America do not ge enough of the right things to eat We still have further to go We must never BO back to the scarcity theories and shrinking economy o the new deal years We must go forward and de velop the great American marke for our farm products through im proved diet for the American peo ple If we can keep set on this objective we shall need not a re duction but an increase in food productions We must not go back to those dismal days in the mid dle age of the new deal when 2 families out of 5 in America were empl to answer any of his op ponents statements except to re eat his assertion that there was bickering chaos and confusion Washington and to reiterate he republicans intention to brine our fighting men home promptly vhen victory is achieved Mr Roosevelt also emphasized his point in his Philadelphia ad Jress asserting that persons in the armed forces would be de nob ilized and returned to their homes as rapidly as possible addingthat there were no strings attached to this pledge Dewey previously had asserted in a Phil adelphTaT speech that the demo crats were afraid of the peace and planned to delay demobiliza tion to lessen postwar unemploy ment Charging the administration with attempts at increased regi mentation by new deal theorists in Washington Dewey said the nation should be committed to the proposition that the prices of major farm products must be supported against the substandard levels we saw for so many years before this war It took a war to get decent farm prices just as it took a war to get jobs he declared Declaring President Roosevelt often put 2 men in 1 job the candidate said the executive order which had given the secretary oC agriculture and the food admin istration coequal powers had caused the country to lose a first class man in Chester Davis food administrator Davis he said re signed with the statement that he had and here Dewey quoted assumed a public responsibility while the authority not only over broad food policy but daytoday actions is being exercised else where Likewise Dewey said that a white house cabal had been trying to get ricl of Harry Slat portant but at present closed assignment StiiweHs recall was announced by the white house A few min utes later the war department added that he was headed for an important new post The war department had this to say about Stihvells recall from the ChinaBurmaIndia theater In answer to queries the war department stated that in view of the decision to divide the Chlna BurraaIndia theater into 2 small er theaters General Stilwell has been recalled to Washington He will be given a new and important but at present undis closed assignment Amid the complete official silence there was immediate speculation that StiiweHs ulti mate job will be leadership of the army which eventually will invade China and drive the Japanese out The announcement said Stil well has been relieved as chief of staff to Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek as deputy to Admiral Mountbatten commander of the southeast Asia command and as U S commander of the China BurmaIndia theater and has been recalled to Washington The former ChlrtaBurmaIn dia theater will be divided into 2 theaters under separate comman ders said the announcement which gave no reason for Stil wells recall American forces in ihe China theater will be commanded by Maj Gen A C Wedemeyer who has been appointed concurrent ly by Generalissimo Chiang Kai Shek as chief of staff of the China theater Wedemeyer is now deputy chief of staff to Admiral Mountbatten American forces in the India Burma theater will be commanded GEN JOSEPH STILWELL Buy your War Bonds a Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy living at the undernourished level of less than S20 a week Dewey planned after delivery ot his oncepostponed major agri cultural speech to stop in Utica for a brief address on his way back to Albany He had planned originally to deliver his farm talk in Minneapolis but delayed it to j answer a foreign policy speech by President Hoosevelt he said to place political advan tage not only above devotion to country but also above our very deep desire to avoid the death and destruction which would be caused by future wars In his personal appearance bid for Philadelphia support that will go forward placing Pennsylvanias important 35 electoral votes Mr Roosevelt told the Shibe park audience When this great job in winning this war is done the men of our armed forces will be demobilized and returned lo their homes just as rapidly as possible It was an obvious rejoinder to Thomas E Deweys repeated as sertion that the administration in tends to stow the inusteringoul pace after the war Mr Roosevelt made no personal mention of hasnt in a Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Sat urday and Sunday cooler Sat urday night Iowa Generally fair and cooler Saturday night and Sunday Moderate winds becoming light Sunday Fridays maximum 76 at Sioux City minimum 36 at Iowa City Minnesota Partly cloudy and cool er Saturday night Freezing terrtperaturcs north and central portions Sunday generally fair Not so cool northwest portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 68 Minimum Friday night 43 At 8 a m Saturday 43 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 53 24 tery the rural electrification ad ministrator but that Slattery had turned down an offer of a new job at the same salary to study electrification in Europe As i result Dewey said the secre ary of agriculture had moved in i deputy administrator lo take charge so that the REA has been torn apart by conflict and confu ion between the usual 2 men in a by Lt Gen Daniel I Sultan who is now deputy commander of the CBI theater Stilwell was Assigned to com mand United States army forces in the CBI theater in March 1942 At the same time General issimo Chiang placed him in command of the 5th and 6th Chi nese armies Stilwell subsequent ly relinquished this command but retained his designation as com manding general of the United States army forces in the Asiatic theater and also as chief of staff to Chiang The 61yearold Vinegar Joe began his military career in 1904 upon graduation from West Point He has seen much foreign service since including tours of duty in the Philippines in China and in France during World war one where he participated in a number of the major engagements of that war An expert on Chinese affairs Stilwell went to that country for the first time in 1919 serving there until 1923 He went back to China in 1926 for a 2 year tour of duty with the loth infantry and in the summer of 1332 was detailed as military attache at the American embassy in Peiping He held that post until 1939 when he was or dered back to this country He was commander of the third army corps with headquarters in California at the outbreak of the present war As late as Aug 1 Stilwell joined Although the president spoke in Philadelphia Friday night the GOP candidate made no direct at GOV THOMAS E DEWEY When the government makes a pledge lo support hog prices the nominee said the farmers ought to know who is whether it is the OPA or the war food administrator or the director of economic stabilization or the secretary agriculture or who The hog market scandal he declared is but another exam ple of the fact that for 12 years in this country we have had an unmanageable surplus of promises lightly made fketchily kept or openly have an end to gener alities from a government which for 8 long years promoted a chat tering fear of production he sait the select group of 4star generals By that promotion he gained rank equal to that of Americas other top field commanders Gen Dwight D Eisenhower in Europe and Gen Douglas MacArthur in southwest Asia Testy ascetic and quicktem pered Stilwell is also kindly and his 2 nick names Vinegar Joe and Uncle Joe with Uncle Joe the more frequent He detests the ceremony and routine of headquarters and most of the time has been found slogging through the jungles with his troops During the allied disasters in Burma in the spring of 1942 Stil well was with the troops in the fighting and the retreat His com ment on that campaign became a classic We took a hell of a Hamm Munster R R Claim Chiang and Stilwell Disagreed Copyright by Uiiiled Tress Washington Joseph W Stilwell has been relieved as U S commander in the far east a sensational move which the United Press learned stemmed from a direct demand by Gen eralissimo Chiang Kaishek thnt he be removed Announcement that Stillwell had been relieved of his far east ern duties and recalled to Wash ington came from the white house without elaboration From other sources however the United Press learned that Chiang had requested the action because of longbroiling differ ences of opinion with Stilwell on basic concepts of command mat ters and on how the far eastern war should be conducted It was the first time a U S 4 starred rank to which Stilwell was promoted only Aug been relieved of his com mand in this war The dramatic announcement of StiiweHs recall revealed that the longsimmering difficulties between China and her western allies had come to a head in most drastic fashion One report was that Stilwell had requested that he be placed in charge of all forces in China including Chinese now operating under Chiang Stilwell according to this report felt that the Chi nese forces could be welded into a more effective fighting mnchine than they are now If this was true his request might well have been the final straw that pre cipitated Chiangs decision to re quest his recall The showdown developed against a background of discon tent among Chinese leaders over allied inability to pour large quantifies of military supplies info China On the other hand some American military experts have felt that abler leadership of Chinas military manpower and more efficient use of such sup plies as were available would have produced more effective re sults against the Japanese Had the best use been made ot what China had these persons ALLIES RACE TO CUT OFF 40000 HITLER TROOPS Push Toward Enemys Last 2 Escape Bridges Over Maas River London IP The whole Ger man stand in southwestern Hol land is COLLAPSING front dis patches declared Saturday as BritishCanadian columns raced toward the enemys last 2 escape bridges in an effort to cut oJI per haps 40000 nazi troops below the Maas Mcuse river Canadians seized he Germans western anchor of Bergen op Zoom without a fight and hit within a mile of the stronghold of Roosen daal British army troops closed within 5 miles of the central bas tion of Breda after winning Til burs as well as S Hertogenbosch The German defense line below the Maas has fallen to pieces one front dispatch declared An other said allied armor and in fantry were moving SO RAPIDLY that Field Marshal Gen Walther von Model either had to pull back across the bridges at Moerdijk and Geertruidenberg 10 miles north west and northeast Breda or have his reeling forces cut to bits As success followed success al lied headquarters announced that the free use of the great port o Antwerp the prile of this dam paign now is blocked only by the isolated and doomed enemy coastal guns of one battery at Vlissingen BULGARS ACCEPT ALLIED TERMS London Moscow ra dio announced Saturday that the Bulgarian delegation had accept ed allied armistice terms Yards Are Blasted London of western Germanys biggest railroad yards at Hamm and Munster were at tacked Saturday by American heavy bombers for the third time in less than a week The raiding force consisted of 350 Fortresses and Liberators with an escort of 200 fighters the smallest the eighth air force has dispatched to Germany in some time felt it might have been possible to save the 6 American airfields which have been lost to the en emy and to have prevented the cutting off of 4 additional fields from all supply except by air Maj Gen Claire Chennault commander of the U S 14th air force in China was reported to fee that despite these losses the S could continue to do an ef fective job against the Japanese in China by concentratingoil air efforts Difference with Ptilwell on this point were reported to be a factor in the crisis Some Americans for pome time have been critical of the caliber of Chinese military leadership The bluntspoken Stilwell would not likely have concealed his at titude in this respect from Chiafig One source familiar with the 2 mens attitudes recently reported that Chiang and Stilwell possess irreconcilably antagonistic tem peraments This source said the 2 men just couldnt get along with each oth er and that moreover they arc completely at odds in their con Flushing on Walcheren island The Germans are abandoning their position from the Schelde to Tilburg Associaaed Press War Correspondent William F Boru re ported from the field and the campaign has become a race to reach the Maas bridges The swillmoving allied drive brought these major developments along a 40mile front 1 Bergen Op Zoom stoutly de fended western anchor of the enemy line was abandoned sud denly by its garrison and entered without opposition Friday night by Canadian armor and infantry 2 Canadian infantry on South Beveland Island crossed the north south canal to the main part of that island and fought their way toward reinforced British units which crossed the Schelde and ex panded their bridgehead on the southeast coast of Beveland 3 Allied troops were within 2000 yards of Roosendaal and the German radio admitted they had penlrated the nazi defenses south of the city To the east the Breda Tilburg road was cut and Breda itself was a target for converging columns of Polish and Canadian troops 4 Tilburg was in the hands of British troops who got a tumul tuous welcome from the Dutch population although a few snipers still clung to the western fringes of the city 5 North of Tilburjr an armor anci infantry slash carried through Loon Op Zand and headed for Oosterhout on the escape route from Breda to the Geertruldcn berg bridge over the Maas Here the British were only 6 miles from Ihe Maas In the S Hcrtogenbosch area the British strengthened their hold along the Aftwatering canal 2 miles below the Maas and beat otf n weak enemy counterattack Bui on the eastern sector of the allied salient into Holland the Germans struck hard at American armor in the Venlo sector and TOOK the town of Mcijcl north of the RoermondWeert railway A British staff officer said the enemy threw in 30 tanks into this fight Bergen Op Zoom was the 4th major stronghold in the German line to fall in 3 days Elements of 8 German divisions were pulling back along the southwestern Dutch front and remnants of 2 more were cut off at the Schelde estuary Front reports said the enemy miprht yield all of western Hol land including the cities of Rot terdam Amsterdam and the Hague Along the south bank of the Schelde the survivors of the trapped German 54th division were being hammered into sub mission and the Canadians had pushed to within little more than a mile of Cadzand one of the last remaining nazi strongholds In one day Canadians took 600 more prisoners raising the total in that operation to 5922 at a cost of 14 casualties The holding German 70th division is on South Beveland with little hope of escape cepts of the correct military Motor columns streaming north strategy for China I from Breda and Roosendaal in F1NAL Iowa Indiana FINAL FINAL IB 91 Notre Dame Illinois Minnesota Ohio State Duke Army FINAL Navy Penn FINAL ;