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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 28, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COWP DEPARTMENT OF IST03V AND ARCHIVES CS MO I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWAN5 NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITE RESS FULL LEASED WtHES MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 28 1942 HOME EDITION nrrrm THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS j VT JLOiij vvf maivi i o ur L wu i OKE NO 16 JAP LOSS ON GUADALCANAL HEAVY British Progress With Desert Tank U S FIGHTERS DOWN 7 PLANES IN SINGLE DAY Russians Turn Tables on German Forces in Western Caucasus By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Britains desert armies were re ported to have knifed through axis forward defenses in the battle of Egypt Wednesday while the Rus sians turned the tables on German lorces in the western Caucasus U S fighter pilots bagged seven ot the 18 axis planes shot down over the Egyptian battlefront Tuesday making their best score since the start of the new allied offensive British headquarters reported that LieutGen B L Blont eomerys British 8th army made further progress in its five day old offensive to break through axis defenses on the El Alamein line 80 miles west of Alexandria in Egypt The British war bulletin said tank battles developed on a larger scale Tuesday and that alter heavy fighting the enemy was driven off with considerable loss British tank losses were de scribed as light A Reuters dispatch said Brit ish tropps had advanced beyond a number of enemy strong points and were busy mopping up oth ers V American British ana other allied waVplanes tHnn derefl incessantly into the at tack against axis planes and and latest reports said the allies continued to dominate the shies U S army flyers were using American bombs for the first time to pound axis concentrations behind the lines The enemy was mainly on the British general head quarters announced but late in the evening they attempted a Stuka dive bomber attack on our forward troops This raid was successfully in tercepted by our fighters who dispersed the attack destroying 13 enemy aircraft The days total bag of axis planes was listed at IB with near ly a score others damaged The British command said the new offensive was being pressed without abatement as allied in fantry punched away at nazi Field Marshal Erwin Hommels strong points between the Mediterranean sea and the Qattar depression DNBthe German news agency said British tanks were already attacking in waves on the north ern that allied sappers hail cleared a path through the maze of axis mine asserted they had failed to achieve any noteworthy success An Italian communique reported that attacks and counterattacks were developing continuously on the northern sector of the 35mile desert front and asserted that an important position which was bit terly contested remained in our hands after a fierce struggle The fascist command said 53 British tanks were destroyed Colorful Retreat Ends Novy Day Parade An impressive retreat ceremony with the Mason Citv high school band playing the national anthem as the flag was lowered ended the colorful paradein observance of Navy Day in Mason City Only a small fraction of the thousands which lined Federal avenue for the parade at tended the retreat in Central park however The others missed the colorful part of the afternoon ceremonies as school children in united nations costumes presented flags of the nations to Tyler Stewart sergeant at arms of UausenWorden post of the American Legion who mount ed them in a cluster around the flag pole One of the sur prises of the parade was a large delegation of Chinese in native costume including persons of all ages who marched as a unit The days observance also included an evening mass meeting in Roosevelt fieldhouse Lock photo Kav cnay engraving See story on Page 11 16 Killed When Passenger Train Slices Through Bus Several SoHobi Pupils Are Among Victims of Crossing Tragedy DETROIT per sons including several school pupils were killed Wednesday morning as a passenger train sliced through a crowded Detroit street railways motorbus Bodies were strewn aJoiiR the tracks for two blocks and some were mangled asainst the front of the lomomotive as the train a Grand Trunk western passenger train arriving from Chicago pulled to a stop a quarter mile past the crossing The bus driven by William F Clos of Detroit had stopped at the Caniff avenue crossing while a northbound freight train passed Evewitnesses said that electric flasher signals were operating but at first could not be to be either man or woman The train a through passenger from Chicago by way of Ourand Mich was in charge of John Irwin conductor W McDaniels engineer and S Babcock fireman all of Durand Arthur Curtis of Detroit who was in a private passenger car j alongside the bus said that I saw the bus start up as the freight train cleared f caught a glimpse of the approaching passenger train and threw my hands over my eyes and the next thing I heard was an awful crash Curtis car was wrecked as the bus swung sidewise into it but he escaped injury The accident occurred shortly before 9 a m when many chil dren were enroute to schools school books were scattered all about the scene At least 26 persons were in jured sufficiently to require hos pital treatment captured and 22 RAF planes shot down Reds Recapture Strategic Hill In Russia soviet dispatches re ported an important turn in the battle along the Black sea coast in the western Caucasus where the red armies recaptured a stra tegic hill and sent the Germans into retreat northeast of Tuapse Red Star said the Russians charging over fir clad slopes broke through the German front line at night stormed the hill and wiped out automatic rifle men on the peak with hand grenades About three companies of Hit lerites were annihilated the so viet command reported In the 65 day old siege of Sta lingrad red army headquarters said the Germans launched new mass attacks against the citys northern sector of the Red October arms but declared that wave after wave ot nazi shock troops faltered and broke under the fire of soviet gun Bus Crash Here Was 5 Years Ago The bus tragedy at Detroit recalled lo North lowans the Kemvick school busRocket crash in Mason City on Oct 22 1937 when 10 were killed and IS injured that after the freight passed the bus started across the tracks into the path of the southbound pas senger train The front end of the bus cleared the tracks but the locomotive smashed through the vehicle at its middle doors cutting it in half Most of the dead were passengers in the rear enrf of the bus Schoolbooks of the younger passengers on Ihe bus were scat tered along the rightofway Many of the bodies some de capitated and others with limbs severed could not be identified immediately Mary Alia 12 one of he bus passengers who escaped with slight injuries said 1 wasin the front end of the bus and all f know is that Ihere was a crash and then I fell down and then somebody cut through a piece of wood and picked me out Employes of a coal office against which the front end of the bus was hurled said two nuns were among the few passengers who were not injured Clos who is 25 years old has been a regular coach operator for two years He was taken to the police station in suburban Ham tramck for questioning Officers worked for nearly an hour to extricate the bodies of several youths who were cn ronlc lo classes at a Detroit high school Alonjr the right of way were found the bodies ol five women and of two other persons which Captain Hauled Aboard Nazi Sub by Line to Tell Details of Ship By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The captain o a small Nor wegian merchant vessel torpedoed and sunk off the northern coast of South America in late September was hauled aboard a German sub marine by a line to give particulars about his ship and then released the navy disclosed Wednesday in announcing the sinking He swam back to the raft and was rescued 16 hours later This sinking and two announced Wednesday one an American ship and the other a British freighter brought to 507 the Associated Press tabulation of announced united and neutral na tions cargo ship losses in the western Atlantic since last Dec 7 RAF RAKES NAZIS OVER EUROPE Belgium Holland and France Are Targets LONDON Woodenframed mosquito bombers raked nazi tar gets from Belgium lo the Baltic Tuesday while spitfires turned their guns upon German pill boxes warehouses and freight trains in occupied France the British said Wednesday The RAF drove home a low level attack upon shipbuilding yards at Flensburg a German port and submarine construction base near the Danish border and fired a mediumsized merchant ship the air ministry announced Crews of the swift mosquitos also bombed objectives in Bel gium and the Netherlands it was reported without detail Londons defenses tested in a largescale mock air raid dur ing the night fighters antiair craft batteries and searchlight crews teaming up in a noisy and spectacular show Halloween to Be Prankless Many Races By UNITED PRESS A growing army ot children with the slogan Monkey Busi ness is Sabotage planned prankless Halloween in cities across the nation Wednesday while police warned adults to avoid wearing masks or risk ar rest on suspicion of being sabo teurs Youngsters from Albany N Tf to Seattle Wash responded to appeals from police to re frain from their usual pranks and in some cities substituted a scrap iron salvage campaign for the usual tricks or treats Police in cities from Chicago to Jacksonville Fla and Dallas Tex warned adults that any grownup caught in a mask would be arrested on suspicion of sabo tage Civilian defense authorities said saboteurs might easily con ceal their identities as Hallow een celebrants while they struck at vital war plants Residents of Ihe capital heard cjtes banning masked adult a constant drone of motors and i included Detroit Mil saw many planes caught in the ululccc Birmingham KnoxvMIe beams of searchlights It was a quiet night otherwise however 70 Out of 100 Who Left Iowa Farms Went Into DES MOINES out of every 100 persons who have left Iowa farms during the war went into industries Brig Gen Charles H Grahl state selective service director estimated The other 30 went into the armed services most ot them as volunteers he added land all communitiesin Illinois Indiana and Texas The children of Glcncoe III decided to ring doorbells antl ask for scrap and if the householder has none to ask him to buy a war stamp Students of Seattle schools substituted community enter tainments and home Parties for vandalism Community leaders of Toledo Ohio ar ranged 3000 parties as an an tidote for Hallaween mischief At Cleveland decided to stop War from carrier boy PROCLAIMED BY DES MOINES ff vi WIK1I ILll Wednesday as Czechoslovak day in Iowa soaping windshields and soap and grease for the war ef fort They were cautioned to avoid ringing doorbells that might disturb the rest of sleeping war workers Police chiefs of Albany N y Knoxvillc Tcnn Fort Wayne Ind and Martins Ferry Ohio warned that any damage to tires would be considered as an at tempt to help the axis They coined the slogan Dont make Hitler and Mussolini YANKS HOLIDAY WISHES EDITION llon o he IVamc and Hank Latest Address Sfour Name in names of host for Scrvne Vm J a in whom ymi arc intcrMcd i on mai lii r 7i i aEoin II In aoubt end aL h llSl Cr Gord V mc know comy bov ihst lliihov Young Mason City Sailor Is Among Wasp Survivors Wilbur B Huckins a B who whe ing Sept H day He ti th on 30 Day Leave With Parents Here Story of the destruction of the ircraft carrier Wasp was told by young Mason City sailorWJlbur Huckins 19 seaman first class o was stationed on the ship en it was torpedoed by a prowl g Jap submarine in the Solomons pt 15 Huckins who Is spending a 30 y leave in Mason City spent about an hour in the water before being picked up by a destroyer e wasnt sure about the length of ime You cant guess the time in he water he said adding that it cemed like a long time Crew members of the Wasp took to the water in rubber life rafts and life jackets when it was de cided the ship could not be saved Huckins said about three hours after the three torpedo hits of them were saved by other ships Huckins did not witness the ictual sinking of the ship which was done by torpedoes from a U i destroyer when all hope of sav ing the Wasp had been abandoned The Wasp was engaged in con voying other ships carrying sup plies and reinforcements io the U S forces in the Solomons when the attack occurred Huckins said Huckins had been stationed on the Wasp ever since completing his recruit training at he Great Lakes naval training station early this year He joined the navy in December His parents are Mr and Mrs William Huckins 11G Jeffer son avenue southwest Don Belts 22 of Charles City who was also on the Wasp took part in the Navy day parade in Mason City Tuesday Setts who enlisted in 1940 is the grandson of Mr and Mrs James Buchanan of Mason City He is the Son of Mr and Mrs Bert Betts of Charles At least two other lowans were on the ship They are Wheeler Hin shaw 20 Arnolds Park and El wood Clark Muscatine Order Needed Workers to Stay on Farm WASHINGTON Man power Commission Chairman Paul V McNutt Wednesday applied fin ishing touches to a series of di rectives designed to freeze the ac tivities of between 20000 and 50 000 waressential farm workers He announced Tuesday night that WMC has decided to attempt to bar from all other jobs and from induction into the armed services necessary workers on livestock dairy and poultry farms Formal directives may he issued later Wednesday McNutt said the program is im perative to alleviate a shortage of essential arm workers which is threatening the dairy livestock and poultry production necessary to full prosecution of the war If necessary it may be applied later to other farm categories The new scheme will mark the second time WMC lias applied the through indirect sanctions instead of labor draft legislation to solve a specific man power shortage A similar program was instituted last sum mer in the lumber and nonferrous metals industries The farm labor freeze will be attempted through cooperation among 13 federal agencies all non agriculturat employers and the workers themselves It will work as follows 1 Selective service will be in structed lo defer from armed service all necessary dairy livestock and poultry workers for I whom replacements arc not able but only so long as they re main in those occupations 2 The armed forces will be in structed to bar such workers from voluntary enlistments 3 All other employers includ ing contractors and subcontrac tors handling government work will be instructed to refrain from hiring skilled workers who have been engaged in the same three types of farm production if the plan it will become impossible for skilled dairy livestock and poultry farm workers to transfer into any other activities although they will be able to remove from one farm to another Unemployed workers with skills in these occupations will be unable to find work else where WILBUR B HUCKINS SABOTEURS HAD CASH Burger Testifies in Chicago Treason Trial CHICAGO Peter Burger testified in federal court Wednesday that lie and seven othcr nazi saboteurs landed in the United States from submarines last June had approximately S153000 in cash to finance their mission of destruc tion Burger the first witness called in the governments prosecution of three middleaged Chicago couples in charge of treason said each one ot the saboteurs was given 55000 in American currency of S5Q denominations and in smaller bills In addition he related the lead ers of each of the two groups of four had an operation fund of be tween S50000 and 500000 Burger is one of the two surviv ing members of the sabotage squad Six were electrocuted at Washington D C Aug 8 includ ing Herbert Hans Haupt 22 The brief and unsuccessful job done by young Haupt was the principal point to be developed in the pro ceedings here Those on trial were his parents Mr and Mrs Hans Max Haupt his uncle and aunt Mr and Mrs Walter Frochling and two friends of the family Mr and Mrs Otto Richard Wergin As Burger resumed his testi mony Wednesday the defense again objected to it as having no oearing on the treason case Judge William J Campbell permitted the government to continue subject to their connecting it more closely later U S Rising to Point to Assure Victory Secretary Knox Says NEW YORK Secre tary Frank Knox says this coun try is rising to a military strength that assures victory but 1hal only a long bloody costly fights will produce that victory We have a long and agonizing road ahead of us Knox told some 3000 persons at a Navy day dinner Tuesday night the relentless vise of war will squeeze us tighter and tighter The price in blood and treasure will be staggering We will suffer cruel losses but we know now that are going lo measure up to our des tiny MUSTNT REVAL PRODUCTION W A S H I N G T O N panies making war products were lold by the war department Wed nesday to avoid publishing de tailed operating statements or other reports that would tip off the enemy to production rales Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Little change in temperature Wednesday after noon Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon with scat tered light rain or snow lowest Wednesday night about 28 IOWA Somewhat warmer east and central portions not much change in temperature in ex treme west portion Wednesday afternoon through Thursday forenoon MINNESOTA Somewhat warmer Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon not quite so cold north portion Wednesday afternoon occasional light rain or snow extreme south portion Wednes day night and Thursday fore noon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday night 27 At 3 a m Wednesday 13 Snow YFAR AGO Maximum jj Minimum 20 USCASUALTIES CLAIMED LIGHT IN COMPARISON Yanks Repulse Several Small Scale Attacks Against Airfield WASHINGTON navy reported Wednesday that troops on Guadalcanal island in the Solomons have been inflicting very heavy losses on the Japa nese in comparison with what a naval spokesman said were com paratively light casualties among American forces Besides the enemy casualties the navy reported that V S sol diers and marines have caused heavy damage lo Japanese equipment in land fighting which has been under way for a week with the Japanese en deavoring to gain control of Henderson airfield The navy said that reports from the Solomons have not told of any additional action in the sea battle which has been under way off the islands American troops in Guadal canal the n a v y added repulsed several small scale enemy attacks against the air field on the night or Oct 26 and 27 Solomons is land time The action was reported in navy communique number 172 South Pacific all dates are east 1 On the night of Oct 2627 our troops on Guadalcanal re pulsed several smallscale enemy thrusts against our positions 2 Enemy losses in men and equipment in the troop actions on the island since Oct 23 have been very heavy as compared to our own 3 No report of ajiy other ac tion in the Solomons area has been received since the issuance of navy department communique number 171 American nnct Japanese warships boiled through the southwest Paci fic in a titanic slugging match for eontrol of the bombscarred Guadalcanal airfield Wednesday while on the islanc itself land forces were locked in mortal com bat Latest reports from the hat tic zone showed action was coii tinuing at a furious pace over a wide area and both President Roosevelt and Secretary of the Navy Knox said the results were not yet clear Two Japanese destroyers have been sunk Tuesday nights navy communique reported one enemy battleship has been hit a cruiser badly damaged and a destroyer hurt In the epic land battle on the north shore of Guadalcanal Japa nese forces broke through the American south flank during the night of Oct 2526 but were tinown back by army troops who regained their temporarily lost positions On the west flank held by ma rines against a smashing scries of attacks that have been under way since last Friday the navy re ported the enemy was forced to give ground in heavy fighting At Ihe Americans backs was the prized airfield built by the Japanese and captured by the marines last August from which United States bombers have been able to hammer at enemy ships for miles around In Japa nese hands the field could be used as a springboard for an offensive against Australia Tuesday nights communique fold of navy and marine corps clive bombers apparently dispatched from this same field flying to the aid of two United States mine sweepers which were set upon by three enemy destroyers Two of the destroyers were sunk Another e n e m y destroyer brought a pack of Grumman from the Guadalcanal field roaring down on it after it sank the U s fleet tug Seminole and a small harbor patrol boat near the island ol Tulagi about 13 miles north of the field The wildcats appearing after shore batteries had slammed three shells into the destroyer strafed and in the language of the communique further dam it The fact that a Japanese de scoyer could penetrate close enough to Tulagi harbor to sink the tug Scminole and the harbor patrol boat apparently indicated that the enemy had fairly secure control ol the sealoncs in and around the Solomons During the night of Oct 2627 navy consolidated newed an attack on an enemy ;