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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 28, 1941, Mason City, Iowa HISTORY AND ARCHIVES KOINES IA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND FIVE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAXOCTOBER 28 1941 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPER CONSISTS OPJTWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE JJQ g NAZIS F R TALK FINAL WAR STEP O f opeecr fo Hasten Hitleiism Destruction i LAUNCH FIERCE COUNTER DRIVE NEAR MOSCOW Reds Claim 10 Mile Gains Nazi Offensive Stepped Up Violently By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Russias red armies defending Moscow strengthened by fresh re serves from Siberia were re ported to have launched a series of fierce counterattacks in all sections and driven the Germans back as much as 10 miles frorr the U S S R capital at some points Tuesday The whole German offensive however appeared to have stepped up violentlyin tempo Coincidentally deep signifi cance was attached to reports that Adolf Hitler received two Turkish generals at his eastern front headquarters after an in spection trip which gave them an impressive picture of the achievements and successes of German troops and their al lies Neutral observers quickly spec ulated that the reichsfuehrer may have exerted personal pressure on the Turks for permission for Ger man troops to pass through Tur key for an assault on Syria Iraq Iran Persia or the Russian Caucasius thus countering any attempt by Britain to send her middle east armies tosupport the Russians Dispatches to Red Star soviet troops hadfortified themselves in new positions after their counter that the nazis had twice been beaten off in assaults on the village of S Forty 80 German tanks used in the attack were destroyed the dispatches said Far to the east of the battle lines the Russians were reported training areserve army in east ern Siberia to prosecute the war Bad weather coupled with bit ter soviet counterblows was re ported to be slowing the Germans along the entire front Latest j dispatches reaching London said the nazi onslaught into the southern Ukraine was slackening in the face of soviet resistance bat it was acknowl edged that German forces had advanced within 10 to 15 miles of Rostov gateway to the Cau casus oil fields In the north the Germans said their siege guns had been pound ing Leningrad steadily for the past 24 as the prelude to a direct infantry as that the Russians en i circled in the Leningrad sector I had made an unsuccessful attempt I Monday to escape by sea 1 German military observers said thick columns of smoke mush roomed over the onetime capital of the czars as nazi artillery rained shells into Leningrads fac tory districts The Moscow radio said 37000 axis soldiers had been killed and wounded in four days of fighting as the battle for Leningrad inten sified in violence w On the Ukraine front soviet dispatches said the Germans were driving hard toward Ros tovonDon whose fall might provide the great turning point in the southern Russian conflict and plunge Britains powerful armies of the middle east into action Estimates of the British middle east forces range from 500 000 to 1000000 men London sources have predicted freely that if the Germans cap iure Rostov the green light would be flashed to Gen Sir Archibald F Wavells imperial forces to march through Iran Persia and establish a new British fighting front in Ihc Caucasus Authoritative quarters in Lon don said the German armies on the central front were still 38 to 40 miles from Moscow at the nearest point that i closing in around Rostov and minently threatening to overrun the entire Donets river industrial basin Military sdvices reaching Lon don said the Germans already had succeeded in knocking most of the basins war foundries out of ac tion with several key points ac tually in nazi hands and others isolated by crippled commumca on lines President Reports Shooting Hos Started knwii VBBBBBBWIMW OF NAZI SOUTH AMERICA PLANS German Press Rages Against Accusations of Religious Abolition Surroundedby his aides and secret service men Presi dentRoosevelt broadcast to the from the Naw league Sinner in aWashington D C hotelStanding neath the flag and naval decorations he said that the shooting has started On trie stage with him were and Associate Justicd Hugo Black LlffhtK RaviTur nafinn iAjnT o DliiCK Saying the nation stoodready toface its newest and greatest challenge the president We Americans have cleared our decks and taken our battle stations 14 Jugoslav Men and One Woman to Die for AntiAxis Activities BERLIN from Belgrade announced Tuesday that courts marlial had sentenced to death 14 Jugoslav men and one woman for antiaxis activities Twentyfour members of the Greek Orthodox church were sen tenced to death at Travnik in Bos nia for sabotage it was said but 11 of them received commutations of sentence to five years in prison The other 13 were executed At Sarajevo acourt martial sen tenced a Jew and a 24 year old woman student to death for communist activities dispatches said Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Increasing cloudi ness and not so cold Tuesday night followed by rain and warmer Wednesday Lowest temperature Monday about 26 night IOWA Increasing cloudiness and not so cold Tuesday night fol lowed by rain and warmer Wednesday MINNESOTA Increasing cloudi ness not so cold west and south Tuesday night followed by rain or snow west portion Wednesday and rain by night southeast warmer cast and south Wednes day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 34 Minimum Monday night 20 At 8 a m Tuesday 26 A heavy freeze was observed Monday night as the mercury dipped to 20 lowest point of the season YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation EXTENDED FORECAST 76 55 09 at iicuicot 4 but they acknowledged Extended forecast for the period the south the nazis were from p m Tuesdav Ort 2ft in nrnnnH Rnstnv anrf im in ftQn Jt tf r vitsud y t u to p m CST Saturday Nov 1 upper Mississippi valley The temperature will average well be low normal with rising tempera lure at beginning of period and considerably colder about Thurs day night and Friday except be coming colder in Minnesota Thursday Precipiiation will aver British Cheer Roosevelts Speech as Fighting Talk Men on Street Hoped for New Action to Correspond to Tone LONDON armaments The fact quarters received President Roose velts damn the torpedoes navy day address enthusiastically Tues day describing it as a fighting speech Unofficial men in the street expressed some disappointment however that Mr Roosevelt dis closed no new action corres ponding with his belligerent tone Critics said his exposure of two new German documents outlined long range dangers but failed to emphasize a sense of immediate emergency They contrasted the speech with the recent campaigns of Lord Beaverbrook and Labor Minister Ernest Bevin to paint the crisis in a way calculated to stimulate workmen to greater production of that the president omitted references to the far eastern situation was considered an indication that hope of easing the Pacific tension has notbeen abandoned Morning newspapers printed the speech under banner headlines emphasizing the damn the lor pedocs quotation The Evening Star said the speech means American warships and merchant vessels soon may be seen in our ports and would provoke an even greater storm than usual from Berlin It tells Hitler Admiral Erich Raeder and the world thai they are prepared to shoot their way across the to Britain or Archangel the newspaper said ft is a challenge Hitler can not ignore though for the time being he may hold his hand Mr Roosevelt repeats that his country and ours are determined to see that Russia does not fall In that cause American sailors al ready have died and the shooting goes on Still slowly perhaps but inexorably the United States moves toward war The evening News used a head line U S A at Battle Stations and accompanied the dispatch with an editorial The Hare and the Monday night President Roose velt called on his countrymen for the editorial said It referred lo Mr Roosevelts assertion that traditions cannot shoot doivn divebombers and said There he put his finger on the crux of the war It is in the fac the next few months before next years stupendous the issue of the war will be settled beyond chang ing It should be stated frankly and realized by all before too late that during Ihis winter we must race against time for our lives our whole solace lies in the belief that alt hares become drowsy Tile Hit lenan hare is no such animal He declines to run the race accord ing o the dictates of fables We have to abandon the tortoise as a national symbol The speech was too late for edi torial comment in morning news papers GENERAL FREEZE OCCURS IN IOWA Fort Dodge Reports 19 Corn Soybeans Benefited by Cold DES MOINES least it felt like to Iowa Tuesday The mercury dropped into the 20 s over the entire state with the lowest 19 degrees at Fort Dodge and brought the first gen eal feeze oE the season It was 20 in Mason City The temperature drop signaled the end ot the rowing season in Iowa but the freeze did liltle damage the weather bureau re ported Most crops already are in ex cept corn and soybeans The freeze will benefit both crops drying com to make husking eas ier and cribbing safe and tough ening soy bean pods to aid com bining v Skies were clear Tuesday and temperatures averaged about 15 degrees below normal There was light precipitation during the last 24 hours at Davenport and Du buque The wcatheman said it wont be so cold Tuesday night and rain and warmer weather arc forecast for Wednesday DUCE AXIS TO CRUSH US Mussolini Appearing on Balcony Cheered by 50000 Fascists ROME Benilo Mussolini speaking from the bal cony of Venice palace told a cheering throng of 50000 fascists Tuesday night that the United States and other antiaxis forces will be crushed by the axis Mussolini appeared on the bal cony of the palace in response to the shouts of the uniformed fascist demonstrators who carried plac ards and posters denouncing the United Slates and President Roosevelt The occasion was the 19th an niversary of the blackshirt march on Home xvhich put Mussolini into power in Italy BODIES OF 15 VICTIMS FOUND Rescue Squads Drive Out Deadly Gases From Mine After Blast NORTONVILLE Ky UR Rescue squads pumped deadly gases from the Daniel Boone mine Tuesday and recovered the bodies of 15 explosion victims rr iwauiiaiuy nas a grca The squads working in shit Is personal interest in these matters ol 21 men had lowered themselves compan through the mines airshaft on a Ludwig bleak Kentucky hillside to repair Richard the ventilating system and drive 1886 hampering their out the gases rescue efforts The dead badly burned were lying in a tunnel 120 feet below the surface and 1500 feet from the air shaft Fortyeight men were in the mine when the ex plosion occurred at a m Monday but 33 were rescued two hours later Shortly after 2 a m Tuesday four rescue workers made their way from the air shaft through the tunnel and past the bodies to the main entrance of the slope mine Mules were hitched to cars and led in for the bodies lying 4000 feet from the entrance The cars bearing the victims emerged between and 4 a m Silent on Address by Roosevelt By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Official silence in Tokio followed President Roosevelts shooting has started speech Monday night Japanese spokesman said the speech would be studied with in terest by Ihe Japanese govern ment Neither he nor the Japanese press hazarded an immediate guess as to how Ihe new cabinet of Gen BERLIN spokesmen eral Hideki Tojo would take the strongly denounced Piesident on Hitler Japans treaty Roosevelts Navy day speech Tues bound ally in the west day and the authoritative Ham burger Flemdenblatt charged that the chief executives address Mon day night was in more than one sense a final step toward an un declared shooting war by the United States against Germany and her allies Nazi spokesmen and tile can trolled German press attacked Mr Roosevelt with almost un precedented rage directing their fire particularly at his charges that Germany contemplates cre ation of a nazidominated hege mony in South America and worldwide abolition of organ ized religion The authorized spokesman said that Roosevelt evidently has the ambition to go down as the great est liar and faker in world his lovy The reaclion came with unusual speed Ordinarily no comment is made on Mr Roosevelts remarks most brief extracts Mv Roosevelts speech were published in the afternoon papers but long columns of denunciation wereprinted The printed quotations from the Roosevelt speech dealt with his charges regarding nazi intentions toward South America and re ligion The Lokalanzciger headlined Roosevelts Silly Forgery and said editorially Roosevelt his not hesitated to libel Germany with regular forgeries in order by these unbelievable methods to create something like a moral alibi for his criminal plans Roosevelt wants conflict That is to say Judah wants to drive Americans into war The Deutsche Allgemeinc Zei tung said The warmonger in the white house spoke foaming at Ihe moulh His chasing after war has become a veritable running amok The Boersen Zeitung called Mr Roosevelt a notorious faker Such an example of shameless ness rottenness beastliness and idiocy never has been offered to a modern nation an authorized informant said Never has such a specimen of mental breakdown been shown One can only ask if Roosevelt is a criminal or a luna tic The nazis objected above all lo the presidents charge that Germany planned o carve South America into slave stales and destroy present religions In their first statement they had taken a light tone This statement said the speech would cause the greatest amusement in Germany and that the charge regarding South America was the high point in the Roosevelt fantasy ind the emanation of a crazy and ab surd imagination The second statement called the presidents speech a conglomera tion of suspicions insults slan ders forgeries and imputations such as could not be worse The third statement said Roosevelt said we should dcny U s allefiations We wont deny jlj ernOnc does not lake the trou ble to deny a fool In this statement an informant said an unidentified high Ger man personality who has a great T v was had been adjudged The informant said that the president had not shown a shadow of proof regarding his South American allegation It is obviously an out and out swindle and fake said Ihe authorized spokesman No such map existed at all might actually There was no immediate re iponso from Latin America lo whose defense against what he said were nazi plans for conquest nnd reorganization Roosevelt de voted a section of his talk This part of the speech was de scribed by Berlin sources as the climax of Roosevelt fantasy and the emanation of hallucinations which arc as bad as they arc ab surd Newspapers in Mexico hailed President Roosevelts Navy day address as probably his figliting est speech The impression was that Mr Roosevelt had defied Adolf Hitler beyond any doubt D 2 Dig 1 m 1 obacco Industry Convicted of Monopoly Charge Ky LEXINGTON Ky Big Three of the nations to bacco industry and 13 of their ex ecutives faced fines and prison terms Tuesday for alleged viola tion of the Sherman antitrust law Afler a 20 weeks trial a U S district court jury convicted the companies and individuals Mon day night on all four counts of an indictment charging the defend ants with combination and con spiracy to restrain trade by price fixing monopolization of the in dustry attempting lo monopolize Ihe industry and conspiracy to form n monopoly The companies convicled were the American Tobacco company the U J Reynolds Tobacco com pany and Ihe Liggett and Myers Tobacco company The American Suppliers Inc an American To bacco company subsidiary also found guilty Six individual defendants and the American Cigarct and Cigar company another American To bacco subsidiary were acquitted United States air bases or air lines in South America It was charged that the presi dents allegations regarding Ger man religious intentions were even better proof of his lying and facing A spokesman said British planes early this month dropped leaflets on Germany containing the same charges and that the charges also had been spread in Germany by enemy agents who had suc ceeded in smuggling them across the border It is obvious that the whole allegation is nothing more nor less than the fabrication of enemy propaganda which put it into Roosevelts mouth an informant said One sees quiie clearly that Roosevelts objective is not only to create unrest among the Ger man people but an attempt to scare South Americans and mobilize the church throughout the world against Germany We arc thoroughly familiar with such ricks which can best be described as a frame up While the foregoing paragraph was being telephoned by the United Press Berlin Bureau to the Zurich Switzerland bureau the telephone connection was sud by labor disputes The first occasion was an in escapable reference to the captive coal mine strike which Mr Roose velt has thrice asked ClOs John L Lewis to call off Our nation will and must speak from every assembly line Mr Roosevelt began and ihfn departed from his prepared text to interpolate Yes from every coal from Ihe allinclusive whole of our vast industrial machine our output must be multiplied He continued It cannot be hampered by Ihe Mlish obstruction of a small but of industrial ild out for extra sincss as usual nv woum nave days of cornixoosovcit must rate peoples V hampered by thn plcte menial clarity and others of intelligence very low to feed them of a small bill complele lunacy Ihc statement these cock and bull stories We minority of labor lead crs who are a menace Applause and cheers halted him complete lunacy the slatemcnt cutr aim ouu siories We said If Roosevelts mental state know who is the aggressor and is not lunacy then it must be that of a political criminal who stands behind all these scan iv iiiiicii ui UUdl omiiua UUIlillU illl ICTCSC nm itu iiid L criminal dalous utleranccs and that all this momentanly but presently he generally hold that comes from the forgers workshop W1f a Ic was in of American Jews with whom the 1 For as a StatC PCOplc havo as 1Utlc menace to mlnority ist in common as other menace to ll true cause of lal It will be a matter for the war and plow under sons and tha fathers of America one of ownluit and powcr PLEDGES ARMS WILL ARRIVE IN BRITAIN SAFELY President Declares Shooting Started With Attack on U S Ships WASHINGTON Roosevelt damned the torpedoes and called for full speed ahead Tuesday in the nations elforts to hasten the destruction of Hitler ism In a Navy day address that went lo Ihe four corners of Ihe earth by radio thu chief executive declared Monday night that the shooting has started America has been attacked Then he used for his keynote the fighting words which Admiral Far ragut gave to history in Ihc battle of Mobile Bay He pledged hat military sup plies of all kinds would reach Hitlers foes despite all nazi sea war threats and he added with firm assurance Jn the light of a good many years of personal experience say that it can never be doubted that the goods will be delivered by this nation whose navy believes in the tradition of Damn the tor pedoes full speed ahead y y v He told Ihe world that the forward march of Hitlerlsm can be it will be stopped Very simply and very bluntly he said are pledged lo pull our own oar in r Hie destruction of Httlerism He called attention to his order commanding the navy lo shoot on sight whenever axis raiders are encounlcred Those orders stand he said sternly The speech was Mr Roosevelts first publicpronouncement on in ternational affairs in six weeks and he used it to cover an im portant series of topics He charged that Ihe Hitler re gime had already mapped and planned the future partitioning of much of LatinAmerica into five vassal slates Documentary proof of this he said is now in the hands of the United Slates gov ernment He charged loo that the nazis had completed a secret program to be put into effect when the time was exterminat ing all exisiting religions and replacing them with a new or der credo which would have Mein Kampf for its Bible the swastika and naked sword for its symbols He gave his promise that once the curse of Hitlerism had been ended the United States shall help to establish 3 new peace which will give the decent people everywhere a better chance to live and prosper in security and in in faith two great out bursts of applause and cheers from his immediate slruck out against the selfish ob struction of defense production whole a itself as well as to the nation as a whole The setting for the presidents league in the glittering ballroomof the Mayflower hotel There were uniforms and gold oraid in profusion Ensigns ad mirals army and marine corps oificcrs rubjbcd elbow and shared tables with congressmen members of the judiciary and rep ;