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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 27, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOLUI THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AltL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS Prgj and Unittd Pro Full leased WlMS rive Cenu a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY OCTOBER 1945 NO 16 PEACE BY POWERTRUMAN Latest College FOOTBALL RESULTS Iowa Notre Dame Ohio State Minnesota Michigan Illinois tenate House Conferees Approve Tax Slash Measure Washington cutting federal taxes So920 000000 JXt year was approved Saturday by senate and house The total reduction agreed to in conference compared with an iginal figure of voted by the house and 000 the senate Under the legislation which awaits final approval by the house nate and president these cuts would be made Corporations through outright repeal of the excess ofits tax next Jan 1 repeal of the capital stock and declared value xcess profits tax and i the combined normal and ix rates levied against business Purdue Northwestern Indiana Tulsa m Army C3 IES Duke tl Q Navy Penn Georgia Alabama Cornell Vale Columbia CIO Steel Employes Follow Auto Workers in Strike Vote By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The nations CIO steel workers following the procedure of CIO automotive employes as part of their campaign to get increased wages plan strike votes Headed by Philip Murray president of the CIO as well as head of the steel workers union officials Saturday prepared the strike vote petitions which they expected to have filed with the proper federal agencies by Monday The strike ballots would involve more than 600000 employes in 766 steel aluminum and iron ore plants and were regarded as the unions answer to rejection major steel companies of its de mands for a a day wage boost The proposed vote was an nounced as final tabulations in the 2nd strike ballot of the au tomobile industrys big 3 showed workers in Chrysler Cor poration plants favored a work stoppage In a similar poll em ployes of General Motors also voted in favor of a strike The results were regarded by CIO United Automobile workers lead ers as a mandate to press de mands for a 30 per cent wage hike for the industrys half mil lion workers Workers at Ford Motor company will ballot on the same issue on Nov 7 As the number of workers idle across the country because of labor disputes increased 16000 in the last 24 hours to a total of 239 000 the federal conciliation serv ice in Washington said that in the week ended Oct 24 the number of strikes settled exceeded the namber of new ones which started The agency concluded that near normal conditions may prevail iy midNovember Murray announced the strike ballot plan after a meeting in Pittsburgh of the nations wage policy committee authorizing whatever action deemed neces sary in efforts to obtain the wage increase He cautioned union members against premature strike action He asserted the wage demands were necessary to sustain pur chasing power and prevent an other depression Spokesmen for the U S Steel said the demands were rejected because of the ex isting ceiling prices for steel prod ucts together with the govern ments wage stabilization pro gram In Detroit Walter P Reuthcr CIOUAW vice president said h was still hopeful settling thj wage issue with General Motor but he asserted the union wouli stand firm on its demand unles General Motors proves its claim of inability to meet the demam with cost factors and other kind of figures The wage conference have been adjourned indefinitely In by 22304 of mor than 98000 eligible Chrysler em ployes 19870 favored a strike 2 359 opposed and 75 votes wer voided General Motors result showed 70853 favoring a stop page to 12438 against About 200 000 eligible employes did no vote Prospects were brighter Satur day in the long strike of movi workers in Hollywood as produc ers and union leaders agreed ove the strike settlement terms whic were announced earlier this week T T Strikes At a Glance By UNITED PRESS SJces and shutdowns kept approximately 186000 U S worker Idle Saturday but top government labor officials predicted the figur might drop to near normal within the next 3 weeks The maio disputes Airlines resumed limited service to D troit and Chicago as all but a few of 1051 striking ground crew at maintenance workers returned to work due to efforts of U S coi ciliators uneasy truce kept peace at Hollywood film plants i strike leaders conferred with studio officials in efforts to eet BOO craftsmen back to work by Monday Automobile Workers CIO and Gener Motors recessed negotiations pending a company answer to th union s demand for a 30 per cent wage increase Employes in and Chrysler corporation plants over the country registered whelming approval of strike action if necessary in a NLRBsuper Vised election AFL warehousemen continued to tie u shipping operations at Houston Tex largest inland port in the m tion President Philip Murray said he would ask for strike vote among more than 700000 steel aluminum and iron 01 workers following rejection of demands for a a day wage increas rms Individuals using he formula worked out by the mate Owners of automobiles and oats through repeal 1 the use txa next July The house conferees dropped heir insistence on cutting back artime excise taxes to their 1942 ates next July The levies large applying to luxuries and serrii axuries will remain in effect un 1 6 months after formal proc imation of the end of the war The new individual income tax jrmula makes 3 changes in the resent law 1 On the normal tax taxpayers re granted the same exemptions overning the graduated 500 each for the taxpayer and ach dependent 2 Each bracket of the surtax reduced by 3 percentage points 3 After computing the tax un er those conditions the taxpay r is allowed to deduct 5 per cent his bill For corporations the conferees rdered a reduction of a 4 per entage points in the combined ormal and surtax on corpora ons with income up to irms making more than that mount would be allowed a cut f 2 percentage points Earl Ferris of Hampton Dies Hampton Ferris 68 wner of the Ferris Nursery com any here founded by his fath rthe late S W Ferris in 1869 nd which has coast to coast dis ribution died Saturday at his lome here of a complication of liseases Ferris was a director of the owa state fair board district No 3 for 20 years was a Rotarian member of the Church ot Christ ind was prominent in Iowa poli ics He had been in ill health for everal weeks He was born Nov 17 1876 at Jristow was a graduate of Bris ow high school and of Upper owa university at Fayette He married Alice May Franklin at lampton Surviving are his widow and 3 children F Wayne manager of he nursery Mrs Ed Reagan and vlrs A F Kluever all of Hamp on Funeral services will be held Monday at Hampton EldoraYouth Fronr Gun Wounds BULLETIN Eldora Porter IS old inmate of the Eldora jtate Training School for Boys died Saturday in an Eldora hos pital the victim of what Fred N ooper superintendent said was a accidental blast from a shotgun arried by a state guardsman Eldora Porter 15 year old inmate of the state train ng school for boys lay in a critica condition in an Eldora hospita Saturday victim of what Schoo Superintendent Fred N Cooper said was an accidental shotgui blast through a padlocked door The youths condition as o early afternoon was reported bj attendants as unchanged and stil very critical Dr W H Van Tiger one of 3 physicians attend ing the boy declined to discuss the youths chances for recovery A written report of the shootin which occurred Friday will sent to Gov Robert D Blue by mail by Lt Col Earl C Wickham of Marshalltown the state guard commanding officer The repor probably wont reach the gover nor until Monday One other training school in mate was injured slightly whei the sawed off shotgun held by b state guardsman Pvt Marvin L Christiansen 23 of Davenporl accidentally discharged Guards men have been stationed at th school for nearly 2 months follow ing a series of disturbances at th institution Weather Report FORECAST MasoncCity mild Saturday Sun day Iowa Fair and warm Saturday and in east portion Saturday Sunday partly cloudy arid cooler with occasional light rain north west portion Minnesota Fair Saturday night Sunday partly cloudy No de cided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at oclock Saturday morning Maximum 51 Minimum 32 At 8 a m Saturday 38 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 65 30 METEOROLOGIST OF IOWA DIES DCS Moines D Reed 70 for 50 years an low meteorologist and agricultura scientist died Friday night at th home of his son Charles Jr Apparently on the road to re covery after being ill for 10 weeks with encephalitis Reed became i Wednesday with a sore throat fol lowed by a streptococcus infectio which caused his death During the last 26 years of hi career Reed was United State meteorologist in Des Moines a pos from 1945 he retired Feb 21 Atom Bomb US Sacred Trust New York Truman proclaimed to the world Saturday a 12point foreign policy based on the use of military power to preserve peace while planning to out law the atomic bomb Loss of faith in the effectiveness of international or ganization is the great threat to peace he said In an atomic age it would be nothing short of disastrous The United States regards possession of the atomic bomb as a sacred trust which will not be violated the president said But declared the highest hope the American people is for a state of world cooperation in which the atomic method of de struction can be definitely and effectively outlawed forever He expressed willingness to ex change fundamental scientific in formation in talks with other na PRESIDENT TRUMAN Foreign Policy Souvenir Hunters Give Navy Guards Gray Hairs New York all in good clean fun but its giving the navy plenty of gray hairs Every day thousands of eager civilians climb aboard the famous warships tied up in the Hudsonriver and every day thousands try to take away everything but the admirals kimono They even take shells Lt William Woltz said sadly I mean reallive shells thatcan hurt peopleWaltz from Haleigh N Car WasofficerortHe aecTraboardTne They dont even care what size they grab he said Theyll snatch either 20 millimeters or Woltz who stands by the gangway and checks the visitors back into the boats said Im developing eyes like an eagle I can spot a lady with a hel met under her coat half a block away Im polite I just say now lady And she drops the thinglike a hot potato and grins For some reason the souvenir hunters have hit the submarines harder than any other part of the fleet Lt jg R F Wade Jr of Tulsa Okla lost a naval cap that he had worn through 3 lone dangerous patrols aboard the Rasher I dont mind the 19 bucks so much Wade said of a sentimental loss I was kind of attached to lhat it all throughthe war It was more cap I carried And the sank 3 Japanese ships while he wore it The big flattops like the Midway and the Enterprise find most of their trouble caused by civilians with a yen for ack ack gunners helmets Most civilians apparently realized that they havent much hope of hiding any object as large as a helmet Some of them just try to brazen it out and make a run for the gangway one marine said But were always ready and we stop a nice friendly way of course Nimitz Urges United States to Retain Strong Seapower Honolulu Admiral Nimitz urged theUnited States to retain its birthright of strong seapowerin a Navy Day message to the nation Saturday Seapoxver is our birthright lets appreciate It and keep It the commander in chief of U S sea forces which destroyed Japans fleet said in an address prepared for delivery at a luncheon in his honor It was seapower that strangled Japans industries and finally led to her abject surrender he said adding that the defeat of the enemy mnritimp maritime nation provided ica a classic lesson It is there for all Americans to read because the United States is a maritime nation Nimitz said Without seapower we would not be the victors today Without sea power we cannot ensure our chil dren the fruits of that victory to Nation Pays Tribute to Great Navy New Tork e s ident Harry S Truman radiating his famed Missouri grin came to New York Saturday to lead the city and nation in a daylong tribute to the worlds greatest fighting the United States navy Making his first visit to the east since becoming chief executive Mr Truman stepped off his train at Pennsylvania station at a m a little more than 3 hours after his arrival A brilliant autumn sun shone between white fleecy clouds as the the head of a victory motor for the New York navy yard in Brooklyn to commission the giant supercar rier Franklin D Roosevelt Other highlights of the presi dents navy day program included A parade along lower Broad way signing the citys official register atcity hall a speech on foreign policy in Central park luncheon aboard the carrier Mis sourV an dareviewof 47 battle scarred warshipsarrayed along a 7mile stretch in the Hudson river Guns aurisfle and battle ban ners flying vessels stretched from the shadows of midManhattan skyscrapers np the full length of Riverside driveand to Spuyten Duyvil to receive the tribute of the nation they helped bring to President Truman in New York for the first time since he became the nations chief executive after commissioning the 45000ton su percarrier Franklin D Roosevelt planned to tour 25 miles of city streets and review a parade by 2000 marching navy men and wo men Aboard the battleship Missouri the president had a luncheon date with ViceAdmiral Jonas H In gram commander of the Atlantic fleet Millions were lining New Yorks Riverside drive and New Jerseys Palisades to see the commander mchief aboard the battlehard ened destroyer Renshaw inspect the 47ship armada in the Hudson The great George Washington bridge spanning the river at 179th street served as a grandstand for the naval spectacle To an almost continual thunder of 21gun salutes and accompa nied by the deafening roar of 1200 navy planes overhead the presi dent paid his personal tribute to the mighty tiny pa trol vessels to dreadnaught battle any imposed pon any nation by the iorce oJ fly morrow ships from submarines Midway slim destroyers and to the supercarrier tions which will begin soon but reaffirmed These discussions will not be concerned with the process of manufacturing the atomic bomb or any other instruments of war The chief executives first over all statement of foreign policy since he took office last April was made at a Navy day rally in Cen tral park It came in the midst of intense diplomatic efforts to bring about better relations with Russia and a few hours after disclosure that Generalissimo Stalin had received an undisclosed message from Mr Truman through Ambassador Averell Harriman Mr Truman said differences which exist among the allies are not hopeless or irreconcilable With a possible view to condi tions in the Balkans however he stated emphatically that the Unit ed States would refuse to recog uppn afly He set forth 4 purposes for which this nation must remain powerfully armed To enforce the peace on defeated enemies the support of the united nations to defend the western hemisphere and to defend the United States The atomic bomb makes the so lution of international problems more urgent than we could have dreamed 6 months ago Mr Tru man said but it does not alter the basic foreign policy of the United States That policy he described as one of friendly partnership with all peaceful nations and of full sup port for the united nations or ganization He defined it in these 12 principles 1 No territorial expansion no plan for aggression no objective which need clash with the peace ful aims of any other nation 2 Eventual return of sovereign rights and selfgovernment to all peoples who have been deprived of them by force 3 No territorial changes Invol ving friendly peoples except with their freely expressed wishes 4 Self government for all peo ples prepared for it without in terference from any foreign source 5 Cooperation with the allies to help defeated enemy states es tablish peaceful democratic gov ernments of their own free choice and a word in which nazism fas cism and military aggression can not exist G No recognition for any gov ernment imposed upon a nation ized as the scene of the Japanese surrender in Tokyo bay There was the carrier Enterprise claimed 6 which the Japanese times to have sunk but which lived on to fight in 18 of the major Pacific naval battles There was the old New York veteran batllewagon which fought from the invasion of North Africa through to Okinawa without the loss of a man There was the most modern the largest manofwar inthe world the carrier Midway named for our most glorious naval vic tory but commissioned too late to strike its blow at the Japanese There was the cruiser Augusta on which President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill signed the At lantic charter in their historic midocean meeting There too were 14 destroyers 10 submarines 6 destroyer escorts 2 submarine tenders one sub chaser and 2 high speed transports in addition to a number of other cruisers HUDSON RIVERThe outline of New Yorks famed skylinerves as dim backdrop for the panorama of the Hudson river as umts of the U S fleet swing idly at their anchors From front to rear the the York and Des Postpones Cases Moines JP Assistant County Attorney Edwin S Thay er annonuced Friday that injunc tion cases pending against the Mainliner night club Club 100 and Johnnie Critellis 2 taverns had been postponed indefinitely await ing appointment of a new county attorney to succeed Francis J Kuble the late 7 Freedom of the seas for all nationsand equal rights tothe navigation of boundary rivers and waterways and of rivers and wa terways which pass through more than one country 8 Access of nations on equal terms to the trade and the raw materials of the world 9 The right of the sovereign states of the western hemisphere without interference from outside the western hemisphere to work together as good neighbors in the solution of their common prob lems 10 Economic collaboration among all nations for improved living conditions and establish ment of freedom from fear and freedom from want 11 Freedom of expression and freedom of religion throughout the peaceloving areas of the world 12 Preservation of peace through the united nations composed of all the peaceloving nations of the world who are willing jointly to use force if necessary to insure peace That is the foreign policy which guides the United States now Mr Truman said That is the for eign policy with which it con fidently faces the future Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGaiette carrier boy ;