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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 26, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY ANO ARCHIVES DES KOINES IA VOL L Associated Pros and United Press Full Lcised Wires MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Allies Capture 8 More Towns on Italian Front NAZIS FALLING BACK FOR NEW DEFENSE LINES 31ASOX CITY IOWA TUESPAV OCTOBEK 36 Germans Prepare Major Stand From Mondragone to Venafro and Vasto By EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters Algiers if armies in Italy havecap tured 8 more towns in advances up to 4 to 5 miles it was announced Tuesday and German opposition on the oth army front diminished as the nazis apparently fell back to new positions LtGen Mark W Clarks 5th army seized Raviscanina only 15 miles south of the large trans port cily of Isernia and an 8th army column striking up from the southeast took Objano some 15 miles from Isernia on the main road from Campobasso The ath gained 4 to 5 miles in taking Raviscanina 19 miles north of Capua and also took the towns of Crancolise 2U miles west of captured Sparanisc and Rocchet ta Four other towns besides Bo jano fell to the British including Baranello a strongpoint between Campobasso and Bojano Spineto 4 miles north of Bojano Petrella and Falata Isernia a key point in German supply was being threatened by the 5th and 8th armies from the south and southeast Sorqe German rearguards still offered stubborn resistance was captured in a fresh advance westward aimed at the main enemy defense positions at Mondragone and Massico ridge which towers 2500 feet Rochetta is 4 miles northeast of Sparanise Official information from the front confirmed an earlier fore cast that the Germans are pre paring a major stand along a linefrbra Mondragone on the coast northeastward through Venafro and then across Italy to the area of Vasto on the Adriatic It was disclosed ihat the bridge head gained by the 8th armv across the Trigno river was near thc mouth of that stream only 7 miles below Vasto Alarmed by the success of the British in that crossing the nazts concentrated artillery there and laid clown very heavy shell fire on the British front Heavy enemy shcllfire also met the British farther inland where Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys troops took Bojano in a 6mile ad vance west from Vinchiaturo Between Bojano and the Adriatic Montgomerys British Canadian and Indian forces made steady gains and drove the Germans tfrom Spineto Petrel la 15 miles northeast of Spineto and Palata 12 miles northeast of Petrella Medium bombers and tone range fighters of the northwest African air force attacked the air field at Povdpnika in Yugoslavia Monday an air communique said while in Italy medium light and fighterbombers hit road and rail targets north of the battle area on tne east and west coasts Taraqtiina airdrome northwest of Rome also hit Two allied planes were lost in all operations Widener Millionaire Sportsman Financier Dies in Philadelphia Philadelphia ff Joseph E millionaire sportsman financier and art collector died Monday at his home Limvood Hall in suburban Elkins Park ALLIES THREATEN NEW GERMAN LINEBtoken lined arrows indicate how allied crossing of Trigno river near Adriatic and advances in central Italy threaten road junction ot Isernia circled and eventually open arrow rear of German defense line sawtooth Solid line indicates approximate present front Committee Votes Liquor Tax Boost Washington ypjThe house ways and means committee voted boosted from 3 cents to 4 for the Isi ounce that 3 cents be charged lor local letters instead of 2 the airmail rate be uppecl from c to 10 cents and that charges be in creased along the line for other classes of mail the tax on allon to S3 Tuesday to boost liquor from S6 per but rejected all proposals for any increases in tobacco or gasoline levies Committee members estimated that under the increased linuor tax the total levy on a drink of 100 proof liquor estimating 80 drinks to the gallon would approximate 125 cents The tax would besmaller oh lower prool liquors The tax framingbody also ap proved tfcesoii bthti alcoholic beverages as foliows Beer from S7 a barrel to SB SHOOTS WOMAN THEN KILLS SELF No Motive Uncovered for Act by Youth 17 Wesfgate Iowa I7P Donald Perry 17 former inmate of the slate juvenile home at Toledo shot Mrs Phillip Stomyfarm wife near Westgate and a rura wine under 14 per from 10 cents cent alcohol aoi to 15 cents wine 14 to 21 per cent from 40 cents a gallon to 60 centswine over 21 per cent from S100 to S200 a gallon sparkling wines from 10 cents a hair pint to 15 cents other wines from 5 cents a halt pint to 10 cents In providing for the sharp jump m the tax on whisky the com mittee for the first time recommendations of lowed fol the He was 71 Wiciencr had been in failing health for several years bit hi death was unexpected His son Peter A B Widcncr was notified of the death hi a hospital at Lexington Ky where he is rccovcrins from a hip frac ture received in an accident on the Kentucky fnrm His only other survivor is his daughter Mrs Akscl Wichfield of New York Cily and Philadcl pnia the former Fifi Widencr Widencr only this year gave to the Lnitcd Stales treasury de partment his vast art collection valued at SIB000000 to S20000 000 The collection now is on dis play in the national gallery offart in Washington British Evacuate Cos in Dodecanese Islands Cairo forces have treasury department The Sessional joint tax staff had rec ommended a boost from S6 to 8 a gallon The committee wil vote later in the day on a long list of new ex cises and probably proposed in creases in postal rates Meanwhile discussions contin ued on proposals for n national retail sales tax Representative Gearhart K member of the committee urged enactment of a sales tax asserting it is the only way left open to obtain needed war time billions since other major pro posals have fallen flat Committee members estimated the increased rates on alcoholic beverages would yield an addi tional 5500000000 anuuallv The treasury and the congres sional tax staff both had recom mended increases in tobacco taxes and the congressional experts had suggested a hike in the fcciera gasoline lax from 15 to 2 cents a gallon Gearhart was the 1st republican on the taxframing group lo de clare publicly for the sales levy which also has been advocated by Representative Robertson D His statement came after the congressional tax staff submitted proposals lo hike postal rates anci impose new excises on socalled program that would raise only about Si500000000 in contrast to the administrations al school teacher m Bremer county then committed suicide late Monday afternoon Fayelte county Sheriff A J Kutschat of West Union said Tuesday Mrs Stohrs right forearm was shattered by a blast from Perrys shotgun and although she is weak from loss of blood she will re cover and surgeons believe they can save her arm She was taken to Mercy hospital at Oclwein No motive has been uncovered for the shooting The sheriff said Perry fired 1 shot at Mrs Stohr when she en tered the living room after re turning home from teaching school She fled to the home ot a neigh bor Herman Greutzmacher His car would not start so he called another neighbor Glen Gluts and the men took Mrs Stohr to a doc tor in Maynard and later to Oel wein They had to press a 3rd car fnto service on the way to the hospital becase Gluts auto broke down Stohr a young fanner was picking corn at another farm at the time About Monday night offi cers surrounded the Stohr farm and not knowing what had hap pened to Perry Tired tear gas in side and then entered They found Ihe living room wracked from numerous shots and Perry dead on the floor indicating he had fired at objects about the room before killing himself Sheriff Kutschat said Finishes Cutting Off Hand With Knife After It is Caught in Picker Webster son farmer City near Ed Ander Williams fin ished cutting off his left hand pocket knife after it had been nearly severed from the arm day a corn picking machine MOD After the amputation I son brought him To a The siaf f a group of ex tal here pens employed by congress advise on Ander hospi revenue matters su gestcd tha the postal charges on 1st class outoftown letters be Thc hand caught when picker became clogged ant the An derson attempted to clean it out without shutimj it off 4RABAULRAIDS LEAVE 311 JAP PLANES RUINED Heart of Nipponese Air Strength in S W Pacific Is Smashed Allied Headquarters in the Southwest Pacific V Rabaul the heart of Japanese air might iii the southwest Pacific has been c o m p 1 e t e 1 y overpowered and strewn with the wreckage of 311 planes in 4 recent daylight as saults by hundreds of Genera MacArthurs bombers and ers Tuesdays communique dis closed the results of Ihe 3rd and 4th raids by nearly 300 planes Saturday and 123 enemy aircraft certainly wined out and 45 others prob ably destroyed This mounting disaster at Japans New Britain air fortress over a 12day period from Oct 12 to 24 has been achieved at a price of only 12 raiders Two lightnin lighters and 2 Mitchell bombers were lost in the latest attacks out both fighter of l bomber were saved pilots and ihe crew Total air losses of the Japanese listed in Tuesdays communique accounts of widespread operations were 203 which raised to approxi mately 800 the number of enemy planes bagged within the last 2 week period in the south and southwest Pacific Nearly 50 liberatoiv heavily screened by lighters opened lie latest attack on Rabaul Saturdav afternoon Making n feint as if to attack warships in the the warships began to zigzag the big bombers flew their 105 tons of bombs lo the Rapopo airdrome Twenty ground ed planes were destroyed for cer tain 7 others probably Fifty enemy planes swarmed to the attack Tlic liberators downed 4 for certain 8 prob ably The lightnings iajrecd 11 certainly and claimed 5 roli ables There were no allied losses Jap Chief Admits Defeated Allies Overcome Dangers Xew York 2 high est llirohito and Premier riidcki Tuesday in giving the 83rd special session of the diet a sober apprais al of Ihe war outlook with Tojo asserting that the allies defeated al the beginning were now overcoming many difficulties and dangers and the war is growing in intensity Tlie emperor in one of his in frequent declnrulions on the war termed Japans present situation truly grave His imperial re script was read in his presence at the formal opening of the diel session ac cording to a do mestic Tokyo broadcast re ported to the office of war information This Paper Consists ol Two One NO 15 HIR01HTO The present war situation is very complicated rojo mill The enemv who was defeated at the beginning is in fear of the richness of our con quered territory trying to over nation The enemv is whelm overcomin dangers and liic many difficulties and war is growing in Sunday more than 50 Mitchell medium bombers escorted bv nearly 100 lightnings baffled bauPs arliaircrrit defense as the had done Oct 12 and 18 by going in barely above the surface of he sea The Mitchells out 4 I bombers on Ihe ground with ma chinegun and cannon fire and probably accounted for 10 others Upwards of 70 Japanese planes battled the raiders in intensity Because Ilicrc is no time io be slack in war Tojo said the gov ernment has decided on a new in dustrial and manpower mobiliza tion program lo strengthen pro duction or war materials espe cially of airplanes so that our de fensive structure may be made unwavering We must further exert our confidence in our ultimate vic tory he said The premiers address as broad cast lo the Japancse people con trasted siuirply with the version broadcast by the Tokyo radio in English in pro gram designed especially f 0 r American audi ences In Ijn c export version Tojos refer ences to com running fight The 1 hour ightnings bagged 35 of these for certain and the Mitchells 8 Fifteen others probably crashed Japanese airdrome facilities and gun positions were badly smashed in addition to the plane losses The destruction and probable destruction of a total or planes for the 2 days accounted for the bulk of the 222 planes spotted on 3 airdromes Oct 19 by Mac Arthurs aerial reconnaissance photographic units Tuesdays communique report ed the destruction of 22 planes in American air raids last Friday in the BougainvilleChoiseul sector of the Solomons and the sinking of a Japanese destroyer off Cape Orforcl New Britain Weather Report FORECAST plicated situations war and 4 Red Armies Pursue Nazi Troops in Southern Russia Great Stroke of Adversity Might Bring Nazi Collapse B PEIVITT MACKENZIE Associated Press War Analyst What justification if any is there for the various European reports that Germany is ou the point of cracking tip Jor instance a dispatch from Scotland reports that British sokheis who have just returned irom nazi prison camps say German hope and morale are cracking under Ihe strain of the steadily increasing Biit ish and Amer ican air attacks on key cities London iells us that slate ments leaking out of Germany through n e u tral countries describe last week as the QUIZ FLYER IN WIFES DEATH N e w York checked the conllicling stories ot the estranged husband of prettv Airs Patricia Burton to brewery slain socialite heiress millions Tuesday and searched for his royal Canadian air force uniform in the hope that it would clear up some of the mystery sur rounding the bizarre murder Officially described as a likely suspect tall handsome 2G year old Wayne Lonergan was held in Toronto Out while in New York detectives looker for the uniform which Assistant District Attorncv Jacob Grumel said may lell quite i sury Two versions of how he hap pened lo be without the uniform have come from Lonergan but John Loehr deputy assistant dis trict attorney vho flow to Tor onto Monday nd questioned ihe RCAI aircraftsman for more than 3 hours Monday night did not dis close whether the interrogation cleared up his conflicting stories One of the versions lie gave to a pretty unemployed showgirl separated from her husband for a 3ear and a half and the other lo a friend in whose apartment he stayed during his weekend visit to New York The visit coincided with the slaying of the exoitc fun loving daughter ot a playboy fa ther 1UJU expansion of fighting strength were missing Instead Tojo was represented as expressing unqualified confi dence in victory assertedly telling tite diet hat Germany would soon launch ny would soon Plan of military operations in all directions that would help bring the United Stales and Britain to their PEPPER AND CARAWAY PLEAD Urge Senate Indicate PostWar Peace Work Washington Leading a drive for more specific commit ments in the postwar resolution now before the senate Senator Pepper DFla told his col leagues Tuesday that peace once obtained can be preserved only by dynamic and not negative forces The world wants lo know whether the senate of the United States is going lo obstruct the moral leadership of Ihe nation in Mason City N7rjt quite so cold1 Participation world affairs lie i MRS PATRICIA LONEKGAN Found Slain Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night rising temperature Wednesday forenoon lowest temperature Wedncjdav fore noon at Mason City 30 Iowa Slightly colder in cast ind not quite so cold in wfest portion Tuesday night rising tempera ture Wednesday Minnesota Warmer northwest and extreme west portion and con tinued cold in remainder or state Tuesday night Warmer west and north portions Wed nesday forenoon IN MASON CITY Globe Gazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 43 Minimum Monday night 2fi At 8 a m Tuesday 7 YEAR AGO Maximum rso Minimum 15 said Recalling that debate over the league ot nations lasted 3 months after the last war Pepper con tinued Do we live in that kind of a world now Will Stalin wait 3 months for the United Stales sen ate to inakc up its mind1 No Mr President The senates only woman mem ber predicted that adoption of the Conmilly resolution calling for postwar international coopera tion would postpone if not tor war from the Isolation ror ever banish world Asserting that America is archaic Senator Mat tie Caraway DArkj who ha 2 sons in the service t6ld her col leagues It is imperative for the senate i lOWan Is IVllled 111 ive prompt and overwhelm1 Approval to Ihc pending Xracror 3rd War Loan Quota Topped by Million Here The 3rd war loan was oversub scribed by nearly a million dol lare in Cerro Gorclo county That was revealed Tuesday when Chairman F n Eighmey of the county war finance committee announced the final figure was S3G34838 This is S975B3B over Ihe quota of given Cerro Gordo county The purchases xvcrc in the fol lowing classification SC54 000 is SB7G5BO 2s C notes S4G2000 Ks S7 1 8881 and I to Reveal US Sank Subs Evacuating Kiska Japs Washington Admiral Thomas C Kinkiad commander of the Aleutians area disclosed Tuesday that quite a few Jap anese submarines were sunk by American destroyers while the enemy evacuated its garrison on Kiska island We sot quite a few and it was enough to make it hurt he said at a press conference in which he outlined the long cam paign that drove the Japanese succeeding Vice Admira Arthur timalcd at S Carpendcr who will become commander of the 9th naval dis trict with headquarters at Great Lakes III succeeding Rear Ad miral John R Downes who is retiring Kinkaid described how a de stroyer force shut off Kiska and said We had some successes in getting Japanese submarines We hope some of them were full of some 10000 troops j even 24 hours alter the landing o garrison on Kiska previously es was carried out by and that ir the Japanese had not given up the island heavy cas ualties might have resulted when American troops landed in Aug ust When we landed he said the beaches were much more strongly covered than we ever had dreamed and casualties would have been very heavy He said he believed troops and units not needed Tor combat were evacuated first by the submarines and that later they started taking off combat units They were very clever about said Kinkaid adding that American forces it was not known definitely that the Japanese had given up the island For a time he said it was believed that the enemy had moved back into the hills in which case he said long lighting would have been neces sary That belief he explained was based to some extent upon the Japanese continuance in a road building operation until the last day any action wns seen on Kiska He also reported that some ene my buildings had been lorn down leading to a belief Japa nese might have used the lumber City Mc Glyn IS fyvmer living south of Stanhope was killed Monday night when he fell off n tractor His skull was crushed under n wheel Leonard W 3 US Farmers Will t uvwuLt u juy ivictjjyn d sovbeantStudy British Farms when the farmer fell off llis wi blackest of the war for Hitler and hint at a MACKENZIE critical situation on the home front Nasi commentators have made no bones recently of expressing grave concern over the trend of the fighting on the Russian front Dr Jenny widely known Swiss newspaperman ivrilcs that in wide circles it is considered pos sible that Germany will break within a few weeks1 Ivan Yermashuv soviet com mentator wrote the other day in the Red Star organ of the Rus sian army that a decisive blow through France by the western allies would bring about swift defeat ot Germany and a quick end to the war Our Brig Gen Curtis E Lcmav commander of the United States heavy bomber division in England says that German war industry expcr will be so smashed by xprm the result of allied bombing that Ihe nazis wont be able lo fight effectively any longer on land or sea or in Ihe air Of course spring isivt al hand but it isnt so far off at that Well the answer lo all this is hat Germanys immediate fate is so delicately balanced hat a sreat stroke of adversity might brine sudden collapse As General Sir Bernard Mont gomery says in a message lo his army if ever anything is certain in this life it is now clear that we shall win this war When that stage of dtad certainly is reached in a conflict tlien anything can happen It might be a military dis aster or it might be the sudden racking or morale oti the home front such as Germany ienccd in the last war Theres no harm in hoping that there will besuch a collapse and were not crazy to think about it However it would be criminal for us to fool ourselves into believing that our wishes arc that Germany is bound to collapse in the near future IVhat right have we for in stance o assume that the mor ale of the German army might crack It has iieen magnificent so far as has been reported The crcat and protracted nazi re treat to the Dnieper without a collapse was one of the outstand ing achievements of the war because a retrcit is one of Hie most difficult of military opera tiims were doing all this wish ing we must slop and ask our selves why it is that Hitler is in such a precarious position The answer is vital lo victory It is that we not only have grand fight ing forces battling for us but what the home fronts in America and Britain have by a supreme effort produced the war materials with which the nazi gangster has been driven into a corner Unrelenting pressure by Ihat fighting forces and the turned the trick By the same token if we relax the pressure we give Ilitlcr a fresh tease on iifc Thats Ihe most important thing we have to remember at this crit ical juncture of the war We shall be giving Hitler a blood transfu sion if there is anything which causes a slackening in war produc lion or transportation of supplies in the Unite Slates or Britain Its all vighl to wish for a col lapse of the enemy ind prny for a long as we work like the devil at the same time GERMANS LOSE QUANTITIES OF WAR MATERIAL Desperate But Futile Rearguard Battles Are Waged by Hitlerites By HENRY c CASSIBY Moscow hardhitting soviet armies Tuesday were pur suing ihe battered legions of Adolf Hitler retreating across southern Russia from the shat tered Dnieper river defense wall toward the Bug river 175 miles to the west lronl dispatches indicated that he badly mauled nazi forces waging desperate but futile rearguard battles alone a 200milelone front from Kremcnchuff south to the sea of Azov intent only on sav ing as much as possible from what may prove to be the great est German disaster since Sta lingrad The German retreat accelerated by the Russians capture oC the industrial cities of Dneproptrovsk and Dneprodzerzhinsk in the great Dnieper bend Monday was blunt ly characterized by a Russian communique as disordered It yielded enormous quantities oC war material abandoned by the nazis Thousands ot Germans were reported killed in fierce fighting on the flat Ukrainian steppes above the Crimea I London dispatches based on Moscow advices and admissions danger emanating from Ber lin broadcasts estimated were perhaps 1000000 involved in the mass retreat across the Ukraine Indicative of Russian offensive strengthen thefar north Ush telegraph acericyin quoted sources as sayinr that tfto Germans have ALHKADY southeastern MINED UVOW Poland ready blow it to ruins in the event of a Russian breakthrough on the while Russian It wns Gen Rqdion Y Malinov sfeys 3rd Ukraiiian army which Ktomcd Dnepropetrovsk to topple that great economic and military center He was supported on his right flank by Gen Ivan S Konovs 2nd Ukranian army group while the 4lh Ukranian army which captured Melitopol Saturday backed him up on the ieft flank The 1st Ukranian army operating further to the north was believed plunging westward be low Krcmenchug toward Zna menka Russian columns were battering at the gates of Krivoj Hog 85 mile southwest of Dneprope trovsk where front dispatches said the 23rd German tank di vision had been trapped and spearheads of the 4lh army were racing through Melitopol toward the Crimea shattering an enemv defense line based on the Meli topolCrimea railway enroute The Reil Star force masters of Die Ukraiiian skies were blasting the disorganized nazis over the entire front Premier Stalin saluted the freeing of the Dnieper bend bv ordering 20 salvos from 224 Mos cow 2nd big night celebration witnessed by U S Secretary of State Cordell Hull and British Foreign Secretarv Anthony Eden attending the tri power conference in the soviet capital Capture of Melitopol was celebrated in a similar fashion Saturday In construct new installations Tuesday dow and 1 son survive 17 Die as 2 Bombers Collide in Nebraska Fairmont Xcbr teen men were killed and J para chuted to safety Monday when 2 B24 bomber planes collided in the air north of Milligan about p m Monday Lt Henry B Holmes public relations officer at the Fairmont army A1C field said Iondon American farmers who came to study British farms under tendleasc plans were welcomed Tuesday by Robert Spear Hudson minister of agri culture The arrivals were Robert H Howard of Sherburne N Y and Earl Robinson a Wisconsin caUlebreedcr Another Oscar Henline of Marcus Iowa is ex pected soon When buying a pack or cijiarcls contribute ic to Ciftarcls for Servicemen1 to buy pack for a man in service overseas House Refuses to Put Distinction on Fathers Under and Over 30 Washington iJThc house re fused Tuesday to write into new draft legislalion a dislinction be tween fathers over 30 and those 30 or under On a standing vole of 45 to 27 it defeated an amendment by Rep OHaid R Minn to re quire the induction of fathers 30 or under before older parents arc called Still to be acted on as the house moved toward a final vote on the bill to put fathers at the bottom of the draft pool was an amendment by Rep Dirhsen R III to re move the distinction between pre war children and those born after Pearl Harbor The legislation as drafted recognizes as parents for deferment purposes those fathers whose children were born or con ceived prior to the Pearl Harbor attack When buying a pack of cijcarels contribute nc In Cinartts for Servicemen to buy pack for a man in service overseas ;