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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, October 25, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 25, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF AND ARCHIVES MOINES sIA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS YOU Associated Pros and United Press Full Leased Wilts Five Cents m CopyJ MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY OCTOBER 25 1945 This Paper Consists ol Two One NO 14 TAX SLASH BILL TO CONFERENCE PIN HOPES FOR SMOOTH POLICY ON CONFERENCE Wages Are Expected to Head Topics at Labor Peace Session Washington door was open Thursday for President Tru man to pass the vexing problem a new wageprice policy to the forthcoming 1 a fa o rmanagement Strikes At a Glance peace conference A committee planning the agenda for the meeting suggested that wages would be proper topics for discussion by the delegates Their Nov 5 meeting was called primarily to find a means of set tling labor disputes after the war labor board goes out of existence Mr Truman was expected to announce the agenda Thursday and to make an accompanying statement It was learned unofficially Wednesday night that the com mittee had suggested a 7 point discussion program touching only on labor relations bargaining and avoidance of strikes It added however there was no thought of limiting the talks to these points and that such mat ters as wages hours full employ ment and labor legislation might well be brought before the indus try and labor leaders There were strong indications the president would submit the wageprice policy to the labor management conference because of its bearing on labor disputes Unions generally are demanding 30 per cent wage increases The administration policy seemed to be shaping up as re emphasizing the Aug 18 execii tiye order which lifted the lid where price increases would5 not follow and reliance on L By UNITED PRESS craftsmen prepared to return to work Thurs day as other labor disputes throughout idled approxi mately 228000 workers I airlines entire service was threatened by a strikein the companys overseas subsidiary at New York and sympathy walkouts among mechanics and maintenance workers in he domestic branch and studio leaders completed arrangements to get 8000 workers back to work by Monday following settlement of tilmdoms 33week jurisdictional dispute AFL warehousemen continued to tie up shipping operations at Houston Tex thenations largest inland port Chrysler workers in 22 plants go to the polls Thursday tovote on possible strike action to back demands for a 30 per cent wage increase AFL lumber workersremained on strike against major northwest lumber operators in support of demands for minimum hourly pay CIO glassworkers were out for the 4th consecu tive day at 12 LibbyOwensFord and Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co plants after breakdown in contract negotiations Vote of GM Employes Favors Strike for Raise in Wages By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Employes of General Motors corporation in plants throughout the country voted 70853 to 12437 Wednesday in favor of a strike to sup port the demand their union for a 30 per cent wage rate increase The figures announced Thursday by the regional national labor relations board here bore outearlier predictions of both the corpora tionand the United Automobile Workers CIO that a work stoppage would be favored OPACUTSDOWN BUTTER RATION VALUE 4 POINTS Margarine Lard Shortening Oils Some Pork Reduced Washington OPA an nounced Thursday that ration values on butter margarine lard shortening and Oils will be cut 4 points a pound next Sunday For all of these products the new value effective through Dec 1 will be 8 points apound Current point costs will be maintained during the new peri od for all prime cuts of beef veal and lamb and for lean cuts of pork Lower grades of beef veal and lamb will continue ration free The only meat changes are re ductions of 2 to 4 points a pound Walter P Heuther UAWCIO vice president said in a statement however that it did not mean an immediate strike Only the unions international executive board said could authorize astrike and it would not do and until our attempts to arrive at a peaceable settlement fail com pletely own oiitrol profit in Kconomists of Reconversion Chief Snyders office prepared data for his advisory committee Wednesday which indicate 1946 profits of manufacturing corpora tions will after taxes outstripping any war year The committee consisting of tnp labor agriculture and manage ment leaders was told that basic wage rate increases averaging about 24 per cent probably could be offset by dropping of overtime upgraded jobs and the excess profits tax The average factoryworkers takehome pay next year will net him 10 per cent less purchasing power after taxes than his Jan uary 1941 earnings the report indicated The union currently is engaged in negotiations with General Mo tors corporation on the 30 per cent wage rate demands Keuther said Wednesdays vote was a mandate1 to the union leadership to press the demands to a successful conclusion There was no immediate state ment on the result of the vote from General Motors As the ballots in the General Motdrs a strike vote was being conducted by the NLHB among employes of 22 Chrysler corporation plants The unions 3rd vote will be held among Ford Motor company em ployes on Nov 7 The ending of the 8 months olc strike of motion picture workers in union lead ers estimated cost workers 000000 in the I SKF INDUSTRY USES OLD LAW Invoke Action for Property Protection Philadelphia SKF In dustries Inc has invoked a 105 year old state law to protect strikebound property from dam age The action came after the com pany filed suit in court for 000 damages against local 2898 United Steel Workers of America and 7 of its officials and sought a courtinjunction to break picket rings The strikers picket line outside the main SKF plant was increased to about 1000 men and women Thursday morning and again it barred entrance by plant execu tives and office workers Reinforcedpolice persiiaded those blocked to turn back and there was no disorder In SKFs suit Attorneys Frank B Murdoch and Harry A Kalish told Police Superintendent How ard O Sutton and Sheriff Austin Meehan that under the riot act of May 31 1841 the company would hold peace officers and thesher iff responsible for damages to property A hearing will be held Monday on the companys request for an injunction to halt picketing The company contends that the strike is a violation of its contract with the union Spokesmen for the union said the dispute started Oct 1 is the result of manage ments failure lo observe seniority rights Oliver Plant Votes Charles has been received by employes of the Oliver Corporation that an election will be held Oct 30 lo determine the representative if any desired by them for the purpose of collective bargaining with their employer Eligible to vote are all employes of the companys plant at Charles City who were employed during the payroll period ending Sept 30 this year Not eligible to vote are supervisors purchasing agent as sistant purchasing agent technical employes and confidential em ployes day morning at the Warner 3rothers Burbank Cal studio Herbert K Sorrell strike lead er said Warners was not classed with other producers because they used tear gas and water adding that we are asking Warners to indemnify every per son hurt on this picket line Sorrell said about 300 persons would have claims a few for as much as each and nobody wants to go to work for Warner Brothers until they pay up Warners is not a member of the Motion Picture Producers and Pistributors association or the Picture TPrOSucersj whose leaders Eric jjohald Nelson had met with the AFL executive committee to settle the strike If the international unions af fected fail to settle the questions a 3 man council from the AFL executive committee is to take up the issues its decision to be final Service on the American Air lines between Chicago and New York was cancelled Thursday be cause ofa strike by mechanics and maintenance workers in the countrys 2 largest cities A spokesman for the CIO United Auto Workers predicted the American Airlines entire system would be tied up later Thursday Cancellation the flights came for 6 fatty pork cuts and for bar becued pork The point reductions for but ter margarine and other fats and oils are possible because of a much improved supply situation said OPA Administrator Chester Bowles There will be about 12 per cent more batter in November thaii during this month chiefly be cause of release of 80000000 pounds bythe army Bowles said Lard supplies are expected to be up about cent from heavier marketing1 of hogs Overall meat supplies next month will be about of one per cent than in October and therefore x x x do not permit the end of rationing the OPA chief said ITS ROGER WITH THE matter where they start on Navy with the Navy Here they principles in the Navy celebration in Mason left or Roger Reading from right to left are Roger Pat ton president of Kiwanis club which honored the day with a program George Har rer general chairman of Navy Day Lt Commdr M C Miller officer in charge of public relations Des Moines Lt Bradford Williams fighter director aboard the En terprise and Franklin Maj Joe Foss ace pilot who was the guest of the Navy League in Mason City Thursday John Vance president of the local Navy league Herb Ohrt publicity chairman and Roger Lyons parade chairman Lock photo jjc 4 gt jj X Planes Open Navy Day On a carcass weight basis the November beef supply will be about ISiper cent less than this other major news along the na tions labor front in the last 2i hours The number idle over la bor disputes remained virtually unchanged at around 225000 The AFL executive council in Cincinnati called the movie workers strike Wednesday bul about 400 pickets appeared Thurs Washington for end to sugar rationing by spring were diminished Thursday by gloomy reports of the sugar sit uation from agriculture depart ment officials Earl B Wilson di rector of the sugar branch said he Philippine sugar picture is not good No help may be ex pected from the islands in 1916 and it is doubtful if ranch sugar will be available in he re ported after 155 workers in Chicago joined a strike of 658 employes in New York The maintenance workers ouit after the unions ne gotiating committee reported in ability to agree with managcmen on wage hikes The walkout was termed il legal by Michael J Quill presi dent of the CIO Transport Work ers union and he authorized his union members to cross picket lines The Transport Workers union claims it represents the workers Bur your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy month veal will drop off about 19 per cent and lamb and mutton around 22 per cent according to agriculture department estimates The seasonal run of hogs to market is expected to boost the pork supply about 41 per cent to counterbalance declines in other kinds of meat The domestic supply of beef veal and lamb will be down be cause of foreign requirements said an agriculture department official Five more stamps in ration book 4 will become valid Nov 1 for buying meats and fats These in clude the last 4 red Wl XI Yl and green stamp N8 the topright coupon on the last sheet of green stamps re maining in book 4 If rationing continues in De cember 5 more green stamps will be validated at the start that month OPA said Maj Foss and Cigar at Kiwanis Witha thunderous roar the planes of the Carrier Air Group 97 swept over Mason City Thurs day shortly before noon starting1 the Navy Day Victory program with a thrill for Mason Cityans in a smallway suggestive of the seemed vtct hundreds of these planes strike a the islands of the Pacific Under Commander William A Dean U S these planes from the Great Lakes naval sta tion came in 2 groups and circled the city like huge birds The 2 groups included fighters and bombers flying in perfect forma tion The mass flight of many of the men of the Fighting 2nd holders of a record of 506 Jap planes shot down and 50000 tons of shipping destroyed gave Mason City a great air show that shared honors with Maj Joe Foss air ace on Navy Day here Maj Foss USMCR wearer the distinguished flying cross awarded for his feat in downing 26 Jap planes arrived in Mason City shortly before noon with Lt Comdr M C Miller officer in charge of public relations Des Moines and Lt Comdr Bradford Williams fighter director aboard the Enterprise and Franklin and the 3 were feted at the Kiwanis club luncheon at the Hotel Han owing which a Navy Day Victory irogram was scheduled for Cen ral park Major Foss planned to talk iriefiy at this program and Com jany E Iowa State guard under he command of Capt Leslie R Whipple and Lt George C Math ews was scheduled to fire a sa lute followed by Taps by the Mason City band Deployment imetable Set Funeral Dr Wesson Garner Funeral of Dr J S Wesson mayor of Garner will he held at the United Presbyterian church Friday at 2 p m the Rev Doctor W A Pollock officiating Burial will be in Concord town ship cemetery Dr Wesson diet Tuesday night of a heart attack Business places in Garner wil be closed during the services Dr Wesson was born on a farm near Clinton June 22 1882 son o E T and Rebecca Wesson When 3 years old he came to Garnei the family living on a farm nea here In 1917 Dr Wesson was gradu ated from the Kansas City Veter inary college On March 21 1906 he married Emma Anderson a Garner Besides his wife and daughte Lucille he leaves 2 brothers Leonard of Tacoma Wash an Fred of Yuba City Cal Iowa to Get Share Washington Iowa would receive an estimated annual fed eral grant of in a pro gram under which the federal government and local agencies would share the cost in building worth of hospitals dur ing the next 5 years The program has been approved by the senate education and labor committee CHEERING SAILORS GET DISCHARGE of the 400 sailors who were discharged Wednesday from the navy at the naval personnel separation center at Los Angeles race from the naval operating base auditorium waving their dis charge papers aloft and cheering their release AP Wirephoto ford at noon Holding a cigar with his right hand and gesturing frequently with his left Major Foss told Ki wanians how his outfit helped turn the tide at which brought him fame and the congressional medal of honor from the late President Franklin D Roosevelt Foss often spicing his remarks with caustic comments on Japa nese fighter plane pilots left no doubt in the minds of Kiwanians that he held the upper hand over the mikados men inthe sky The tall stocky Sioux Falls S Dak man said that few persons realized the critical situation this na tions forces when the Japanese task force approached the marine held island Flares were used to illuminate the approaching enemy during the which made night like day The witty airman told of the odds against the American force and the tactics used to repel the enemy fleet The earlier zero model was su perior in speed and maneuverabil ity to the wildcat the speaker said but said the Americanmade planes were more durable and overall su perior Heavy fire power includ ing 20 mm cannon were a major factor in the destruction of the Jap air force it was pointed out Japanese pilots were good dur ing the early stages of the war the marine fighter explained He said that was due to intensive training However a constant toil of those pilots forced Japanese to use inferior untrained men One of our boys was forced to bail out and was strafed on the way down he said That strafing plane and its pilot never returried he added abruptly Lt Cmdr Williams described enemy attempts at radar as crude Lt Cmdr Miller also spoke briefly Afternoon events scheduled for Navy Day included a big parade at Gales Batter England London battered th coasts of the British Isles an western Europe for the 3r straight day Thursday drivin the American Liberty ship Charlc G Glover aground off St Nazair France Paris rede timetable of U S army ivisions 75TH INFANTRY Scheduled to eave Oise section for Marseille bout Oct 27 8TH ARMORED Due to arrive n Le Havre area between Oct 27 hd30 6GTH INFANTRY 263rd regi ment sailed from Marseille Mon dayjjiemabideVtoclear byQctu3U 36TH 79TH 83TH INFANTRY 12TH ARMORED AND 16TH IORPS Alerted for movement MULTIBILLION TAX CUT GOES TO LAST STAGE House and Senate Committee to Meet for Adjustments Washington house de lined Thursday to concur in sen te amendments to the first peace ime taxcutting bill which eases vartime burdens by about 300000 The measure now goes to s oint senatehouse committee to iron out differences The complete erasure of 12 100000 low income persons from the income tax rolls in 1946 is as sured however as this is not in dispute between the two houses As the committee of senators and representatives took over the bill the principal battles pivoted on 1 House Insistence that congress at this time write only a partial repeal of the warimposed excess profits taxes on corporation 2 House belief that a definite cutoff date should be provided for the hisrh ivartime excise levies on such things as liquor luggage jewelry furs and cosmetics The senate provided outright re peal of the excess profits levy but declined to write a definite end for the excises on socalled luxur ies As passed by the house the tax bill reduces 1946 taxes by Weather Report FORECAST ilason City Fair and colder Thurs day night Lowest temperature Friday morning about 28 de grees Friday increasing cloudi ness and cooler with light rain or snow in the afternoon Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday Thursday night and Friday with scattered light showers northwest portion Thursday and in east portion Thursday night Warmer east portion Thursday Cooler Friday Minnesota Partly cloudy and cold er Thursday night Friday in creasing cloudiness with snow beginning southwest portion Fri day evening IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 48 Minimum Wednesday 33 At 8 a m Thursday 39 Precipitation 01 YEAR AGO Maximum 72 Minimum 37 Proud Father at Age of 86 Des aioines Carrizales who has 7 other children be came a father again the age of 86 A baby Kirl was born here to Carrizales and his 31 old wife Mary Carrizales Who is half Cherokee Indian and half Spanish said he has kept strong by a daily routine of chinning himself 40 times Chopping wood and skipping rope 350000000 The senate upped the cut to 55788000000 The bill brought from the conference prob aWy will be somewhat between these 2 figures The senate bill proposes to re lieve individual income taxpay ers by next year corporations by arid owners of automobiles and boats by through re peal of the use tax In addition it would repeal in excise taxes on such things as stoves cameras and sporting goods imposed in 1941 discourage the use of scarce ma terials The house bill called for cutting taxes of individuals by 52627 000000 corporations 000 car and boat owners 000000 and excise taxes 000000 through repeal of the wartime levies on luxury and serailuxury products and through refund of the lax on floor stocks of liquor and light bulbs After the house gets through the formality of rejecting the sen ate changes the house and sen ate conference committee will get F r i d a work out the firal the legislation House and senate versions vary widely in so many particulars hat the conference committee s expected virtually to rewrite measure Speed is essential Internal rev nue officials would like to know re final form of the bill by Nov so they can prepare and send ut revised withholding tables and ax blanks to offices all over the ountry The tax cut would apply to next years income the tax bill on this years income will be figured on iresent law In effect though not in meth od the 2 houses were not far apart on the individual income tax cuts The senate bill is esti United Nations Organization Becomes Legally in Existence Soviet Russia Is 29th Country to Make World Charter Become Law Washington UPJ The united nations organization was legally in existence Thursday But some months will elapse before it is actually a going con cern And it may be next spring before the first business session of the new general assembly can be held UNO conceived during the first flush of victory last spring was formally proclaimed in existence late Wednesday against a back ground of uncertainty and con flict among the Big Five Secretary of State James F Byrnes proclaimed the charter of the united nations organization in effect and a part of the law of nations His proclamation was made a1 a simple ceremony at which he signed a protocol attesting to the 4 oclock on Federal avenue fol fact that the necessary number o including the Big Fiv deposited their ratificatio nstruments with the state depart ment Soviet Russia was the 29th na lion fo make its deposit Its docu ment was delivered by an emiias sy attache at 3 p m Wednesday along with the ratifications of Byelorussian soviet republic and Ukrainian soviet republic Poland made her deposit Wednesday morning The birth of UNO comes only 4 months after the charter was drafted in San Francisco and be fore the special preparatory com mission in London has completed its work The commission was set up to make any preliminary ar rangements for the calling of the first assembly meeting now scheduled for Dec 4 Only 8 nations have not yet rat ified the charter or are not in the last stages of ratification They are Belgium Ecuador Honduras Iraq the Netherlands Norway Panama and Uruguay mated to reduce the burden 644000000 the house bill 000000 Both start in by allowing pay ers of the 3 per cent normal tax the exemptions granted surtax payers apiece for the tax payer and each dependent The house voted to trim 4 percentage points off each of the graduated surtax rates The senate said take off 3 percentage points then re duce the tax thus computed by 5 per cent The 2 chambers were a good deal farther apart on corporate taxes The house voted to reduce the rate of the excess profits tax from 855 cent to 60 per cent next year and to repeal it on Jan 1 1947 It also voted to repeal the cap ital stock tax and the declared value excess profits tax and to cut the combined normal and sur tax rate on corporations from 40 per cent to 36 per cent The total corporate reductions under the house bill would amount to The senate accepted corporate cuts totaling It voted to repeal the excess profits levy outright next Jan 1 mean while giving smaller corporations some relief on their 1945incomes by stipulating that each should have combined credits and exemp tions against the tax of not less than ;