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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 24, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NIWSfAMR THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS N C I 6 H I 0 ft S HOME EDITION VOL LVO OaltM Cento Copy MASON CHT IOWA TUESDAY OCTOBER 24 195i This Paper of Two is Report Big Enemy Force Moving South Truman Leaves Door Open for Peace Talk By ERNEST B VACCARO Flushing Meadow N Y AP President Truman challenged Russia Tuesday to agree to a foolproof dis armament plan so that the United Nations will be free to wage a worldwide war against want The United States and oth er free nations Mr Truman said will continue to build up their military forces as in surance against aggression until there is unanimous agreement on international control of atomic energy and the reduction of arm aments and armed forces The United States now commit ted to that course will follow it us long as necessary the president said in an address prepared for the United Nations general assembly on the 5th anniversary of the day on which the UN charter came into force Army Counts He left the door open for east west peace talks both in the United Nations and reference he did not said the free nations have learned the hard way that negotiations alone will not preserve peace There must be armed strength as well he said to resist aggression With delegates from Russia and her iron curtain satellites in his audience Mr Truman avoided mentioning Russia by name but his indictment of communist ag gression followed the lines of his San Francisco speech a week ago At that time he said the Soviet Union and its colonial in both Europe and maintaining vast armies which pose a constant world peace Much of Tuesdays talk was de voted to the of world disarm ament In that he said the UN might well consider whether its work in that field might be revitalized through merger of two groups it has had working on the problem one on general disarma ment and the other on control of atomic energy Offers Disarmament Terms Mr Truman offered these 3 ba lk principles for disarmament First the plan must include all kinds of weapons Outlawing any particular kind of weapon is not enough The conflict in Korea bears tragic witness of the fact that aggression whatever the weapons used brings frightful de struction Second the plan must be based on unanimous agreement A majority of its nations is not enough No plan of disarmament can work unless it includes every nation having substantial armed forces Onesided disarmament is a sure invitation to aggression Third the plan must be fool proof Paper promises are not enough Disarmament must be based on safeguards which will insure the compliance of all na tions The safeguards must be adequate to give immediate warn ing of any threatened violation Disarmament must be policed continuously and thoroughly It must be founded upon free and open interchange of information across national borders Mr Truman conceded that the possibility of attaining that goal appears distant today but he declaredj we must never stop trying For its attainment would re lease immense resources for the good of all mankind he contin ued It would free the nations to devote more of their energies to wiping out poverty hunger and injustice Looks io Resources Pool If real disarmament were achieved the nations of the world acting through the United Nations could join in a greatly enlarged program of mutual aid As the cost ofmaintaining armaments decreased every nation could greatly increase its contributions to advancing human welfare All of us could then pool even greater resources to support the United Nations in its war against want In this way our armaments would be transformed into foods medicine tools for use in under developed areas and into other aids for human advancement Thus we could give real mean ing to the old promise that swords ihjdl be beaten into plowshares and that nations shall not learn war any more The president told his inter national audience in words beamed throughout the world by the state departments Voice of America that the fear of an other great international war overshadows all the hopes of man kincL Blames Tensions This fear arises from the ten tfons between nations and from Nit recent outbreak of open ag MARINES FIRED ON BY RED in Korea Tuesday Two U S marine pilots said they were fired upon by red China guns from across the Manchurian border nead Manpojin plane Neither plane was damaged The main red Korean forces were reported pulling back into the Kanggye pocket near the Manchurian border Black arrows show approximate positions of UN forces Y gression in Korea he said in the United States be lieve that such a war can be prevented We do not believe that war is inevitable The defeat of the communists who invaded South Korea gave dramatic evidence that the United Nations charter works Mr Truman said The people of almost every member country supported the de cision of the security council to meet this aggression with force he went on and because of that united action the UN today is stronger than it has ever been Sen Kefauver Collects Data on Racketeers Des Moines Sstes Kefauver DTennO of the J S senate crime investigating committee said Tuesday the com mittee has a lof of information about persons engaged in racket eering in Iowa The senator arrived here at noon to address the Iowa Bankers association convention Kefauver said the committee has received information from Iowa law enforcement officers He said in its hearings in larger cities it also has turned up links leading into Kefauver said the committee would like to conduct hearings in Iowa but he does not know whether that will be possible in the time allotted to it The group is to report to congress by Feb 28 Kefauver said that because Iowa does not have big centers of population such as the committee has visited the committee has found no indication leading to the belief that there is bigscale interstate crime centering here But he said the Continental Press Service of Chicago 111 op erated by Capone interests and the Harmony News Co of Kan sas City formerly had wires into both Des Moines and Council Bluffs They have been shut down j Kefauver strongly recom mended a crime commission for the slate of Iowa He said local crime commissions also arc servI ing a good purpose where estabi lished Kefauver declined to name names of I owans engaged in racketeering but said the men he had in mind probably are the same ones mentioned by Atty Gen Robert Larson who said members of the Capone gang are operating in Iowa Coburn Claims Records Open Des Moines records are here for all to see Liquor Commission Chairman Arthur Co burn RCherokee said at the commissions weekly m e e t i ng Tuesday in commenting on reports that the legislative interim com mittee has decided to investigate commission affairs Coburn made his comment dur ing an exchange with Commission er George Scott RWest Union who has been urging a probe of commission affairs You can have all the investiga tion you want all right with me Coburn said The records are here for all to see If weve made mistakes anyone is welcome to go into them Coburn Scott and Commission er Russell Swift DHarlan all said they had received no formal noticefrom the interim committee that it plans to investigate the commission News reports over the weekend which none of the in terim committee members has con firmed by name said an investi Hundreds of Koreans Found Slain By ROBERT BENNYHOFK Pyongyang Korea UP Tb bodies of hundreds of Korean ci vilians were found Tuesday in big pits inside Pyongyang prison The victims had been murdered bj the communists and covered witi a thin layer of earth Friendly civilians told th American prisonerofwar team that discovered the bodies that the dead were political prisoners The estimated that possibly 1500 ha been murdered Arms and legs were found stick ing out of 3 of the huge pits inside the prison walls The stench wa so great the Americans had t recover the mass graves Buried Alive Lt Joseph Handy of Riverside E I said former inmates of the prison told him that the commu nists either murdered the prisoner in cold blood and threw them into the pits or pushed the victims in alive Handy and Pvt Walter Koga of Atlas Pa found the 4th pit in another part of the prison It was 50 feet square and held the re mains of 30 to 40 persons Several Korean prisoners lib erated by South Korean troops said the graves were 50 feet deep and had been filled to the top with bodies Corpses Thick One of the prisoners Kim I Nyun said many were thrown into the pit alive atop the others who had been murdered and buriec earlier Handy said corpses were al over the place when he arrived at the prison I dont know how many people are in those pits but from the smell there must be a lot of them he said A heavy stench also hangs over the main prison compound but so far the Americans have not been able to find its source prison a High hill overlooking the main business section and is surrounded by a 20foot high brick wall gation is planned after the Nov 7 election At Tuesdays meeting the com mission also Voted 2 to 1 against Scotts mo tion to cancel an order for 300 cases of Old Hector whisk which Scott claims was bought on suggestion of Governor William S Beardsley Beardsley has denied this Postponed until next week fur ther consideration of Scotts move to reclassify upward 14 state li quor stores and thus provide more help and higher salaries in the stores concerned Unanimously adopted a motion by Scott to make reports on com mission sales and inventories available to Iowa newspapers which may desire them Coburn commented the information is available anyhow but he had no objection to putting it into a mo tion and Swift remarked he made the same motion several weeks ago Stores listed as eligible for up ward reclassification are at West Des Moines Northwood Denison Clinton Spirit Lake Harlan Vin ton Rock Rapids Sibley Lake Mills Remsen Milford Avoca and Bellevue CONDITION STILL CRITICAL Baltimore a little improvement doctors at Johns Hopkins hospital Monday said the condition of 70yearold H L Mencken wai still considered critical LITTLE LATE TO MAKE unidentified Yank doesnt seem to be influenced by the nervous smile of his red prisoner whom he has just captured rifle and gear intact on the outskirts of Pyongyang North Korean capital AP Wirephoto LAST is one of the last pictures made of Al while the famed singer was entertaining front line troops in Korea last month The veteran entertainer died suddenly Monday night at the St Francis hotel in San Francisco He was 64 Death was attributed to coronary occlusion Bragged of His Hours With MacArthur Before Death San Francisco Al Jolson the veteran jazz singer who was the 1st U S star to entertain troops overseas in both the 2nd died un with a quip on his lips Hell Truman had only one hour With MacArthur I had two Then Im going boys the famous mammy singer told two longtime friends with whom he was playing gin rummy in the St Francis hotel He died quietly quickly of a coronary occlusion and with out pain said the house physician He sang to allied troops He had atwohour luncheon chat with Jeneral MacArthur in Tokyo en route President Truman and MacAr thur talked privately just an hour on Wake island a week ago Sun day in their historic getac quainted meeting Two Old Frieads With Jolson were two old friends Song Writer Harry Akst and Martin Fried Als accom arranger They had him from southern panist and ome with California for a scheduled guest star spot on a Bing Crosby radio show to have been recorded here Tuesday night Akst telephoned Jolsons 4th wife Erie Galbraith whom he married in 1945 She was at Sncino Cal She was reported to lave collapsed with grief Jolson was riding the crest popularity wave for the 2nd time n an entertainment career that segan in 1899 His popularity with he troops was unsurpassed In World war II he traveled to Eur ope Africa India and the Pacific intertaining GIs for the USO On his return from Korea where he gave 42 shows in 16 days ie said Know what it feels like to be ack Fm going to look up my in ome tax and see if I paid enough Those guys are wonderful This is a much tougher war than the last one believe me He entertained GIs at the front vhen the American beachhead in Korea was at its smallest and un der constant attack Son of Cantor Al was born Asa Yoelson on Vtay 26 1886 the son of a Jewish in which was then St Pe ersburg RussiaHe came with his family to Washington D C vhile a small boy His father rained him for the church But ie had other ideas He appeared n a play mob scene and then ran ff with a circus He 1st starred on the 1909 with Lew Dockstaders minstrels Two years ater he was discovered by the Shuberts and hired for their Win er Garden in New York The most famous of his Broad way performances was his bended nee rendition of Mammy for vhich he became known as the mammy singer Then Hollywood icckoned His greatest movie The Jazz linger was made in 1927 at the st peak of his career It was gen rally credited with being the 1st cal talking picture Screen fame followed and Jol son repeated many of his earlie stage successes lor the iiim Sold a Million Morethan of his pho nograpli records of Sonny Boy were sold after he popularized th song in The Singing Fool Othe tunes that made his career wer Suwanee April an California Here I Come His career became temporaril eclipsed in the 1930s He came back as big as ever following the 2nd World war am the release of the movie The Jol son Story It starred Actor Larrj Parks but it was Jolsons voice Then came Jolson Sing Again He went on the radio on his own show and those of his nume rous friends One of those Bing Crosb3 was scheduled to arrive Tuesday to record with him the show that never will be made The last movie Jolson appearec in personally was Rhapsody in Blue in 1945 He was under con tract to make a film featuring his entertainment work in World war II but the death cancelled that Jolson married 4 times Besides his widow he leaves an adoptee son Asa Jr two His previous wives were Hen rietta Keller who divorced him in 1919 AlmaT Osborne who di vorced him in 1926 and Ruby Keeler who divorced him in 1939 She was given custody of another adopted son Al Jr Funeral plans are uncertain GETS 10 YEARS Des Moines Franklin Eaton 26 of Des Moines has been sentenced to If years in the state penitentiary on rob bery and auto theft charges He pleaded guilty Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and cooler Tuesday night wUh frost Low Tuesday night about 26 Wed nesday sunny and warm with high about 56 Iowa Mostly fair Tuesday night and Wednesday Cooler Tuesday night with frost or freezing tem peratures Warmer in the portion Wednesday Low Tues day night 2630 in the north 30 35 in the south portion High Wednesday 5256 northeast 58 G2 in the southwest portion Further outlook Mostly fail Thursday and Friday with no marked temperature change Low Wednesday night 3036 High Thursday 5763 Minnesota Mostly fair Tuesday night and Wednesday Cooler Tuesday night warmer Wednes day Low Tuesday night 2026 north 2630 south high Wed nesday 5054 north 5458 south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 43 35 50 25 Says No Cause for Alarm on AntiFreeze Moines of Agriculture Clyde Spry said Tues daythat people need not be alarmed over his recent approval of a saltbase EUjtifreeze for motor vehicles He emphasized that theres only one outlet for the product P60 produced by a Des Moines firm and that it is controlled by the company Spry said also that he has both an oral and written agreement with the manufacturer to furnjsh him the names and addresses of users of the product during the coming winter for test purposes China Reds Fire Upon Marines By The Associated Press A large communist column was reported moving south Tuesday from the North Ko rean refugee capital of Kang gye toward advancing South Korean troops It was the 1st indication in more than 36 hours that the reds may be mustering for a final stand near the north western borders of Korea Kanggye is only 20 niiles southeast of the Manchurian border Air force pilots spotted column Tuesday but did not speculate on its makeup destination a field dispatch said Near Kanggye Latest frontal placed the vanguard of ad vancing republican troops 20 miles south of Kanggye It was thought possible that North Korean Premier Kim II Sungs forces were moving south to meet the South KK rean troops Two U S marine fliers Tuesday reported they had drawn antiaircraft fire from the Chinese side of the border while flying 5 s miles inside Korea near Kanggye Neither plane was dam aged a marine spokesman said at Wonsan The officer said the incident took place late Monday near Manpojin Korean stronghold near the bordermarking miles northwest of Kanggye Kanggye is reported to be the new command headquarters of Kim II Sung red Korean pre mier Redtroops have been flee ing jnto the area a wildmoun tain fastness for severaldays The two marine planes were on a reconnaissance mission only Sprys recent approval of the antifreeze has generated a con troversy because the product was not approved by his departments laboratory Iowa State college tested the antifreeze and reported on it to Spry This report is also in con troversy Another result is that the Iowa legislative interim committee is reported to have agreed recently to investigate the matter after the Nov 7 election Spry is republi can candidate for reelection as secretary of agriculture Spry said in a statement Tues day When the license was issued it was issued with the agreement of the Technical Products company the producer that it would be used for supervised field tests only The company agreed to furnish ists of cars trucks and tractors n which the product is used for he field tests during the coming winter and the names of the own ers of the vehicles The agreement was given oral y by all 3 officials of the company and a written agreement was signed by the president of the The 40 Rounds Fired officer said at least rounds of heavy shells were fired 40 No Money Down for Magazines Offered Here The boy who delivers and collects for your GlobeGazette is tlic only authorized represen tative selling the economy readingplan magazine offer for this newspaper This plan offers you 4 popular magazines for 15 cents a week in addition to the rcjrular weekly carrier rate No registration fee or down pay ment is required PARSONS RETIRES DEBT Fairficld E Shearer of Parsons college an nounced Monday that Parsons has etired its longterm indebtedness SAME Vhitt Hit mtini nn link In antiaircraft at the two planes The ackack apparently was radarcontrolled The incident erupted along the uneasy border as South Korean troops were reported within 35 miles of Manchuria oh the 5th anniversary of the foundingof the United Nations The Korean war first UN peace enforcement action xvas drawing to a close Only shattered tern nants remained of the once pow erful red Korean army that in vaded South Korea June and brought swift retaliatory ac tion backed by 53 noncommunist nations A new UN warplane bomb line was drawn in an arc 12 miles south of the Manchuria border The bomb line usually is placed 20 miles ahead of leading ground troops A reliable source at allied 10th corps headquarters Wonsau said South Korean troops would drive all the way to the Manchuria border No Buffer The informant said no buffer area would be left unoccupied There had been reports of a de cision to halt allied troops 50 miles south of Manchuria to avoid possible incidents with red China Sketchy battlefront reports showed the South Korean north ward drive had lost some of its momentum A buildup was in progress for the final thrust to destroy Red Korean remnants Advancing ROK troops in the past 48 hours captured 23 red tanks All needed only minor re pairs An 8th army spokesman said 20 Russianmade T34 tanks were seized Monday near Huichon northernmost large town overrun by ROK troops Three tanks were capturedSunday near Kunu ROK troops also seized 50 box cars of ammunition on the rail line north of Kunu 23000 Left Tokyo intelligence officers said only about 25000 red Korean troops remained north of parallel 38 They said from a military standpoint all organized resistance had ceased But briefing officers at Gen eral MacArthurs headquarters said remnants of 16 red Korean divisions still had divisional head quarters in Korea and were con sidered organized units Wholesale lots of North Korean soldiers continued to surrender An estimated 323000 had laid down their arms or become war casualties More were coming in from the hills to surrender Premier Kim II Sung the Ko rean communist leader had fled ;