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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 24, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCPMTUCNT OF CQWf THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Pass mad United Pros fullLeased Wlra Conclusions From Trip to Europe EDITORS NOTE This is the last of a series of letters written home to GlobeGazette readers during the course of a 7 weeks factfinding trip which took Mr Hall into all parts of the British Isles and tnto France as far as It jg his the h a t they have proved of interest and value to this newspapers fine family of readers By EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor tetter No 59 Washington D my feet firmly planted on American soil for the first time for almost 2 months Im goj ing to take time in this final let ter i r o lA our national capital to jot without sup porting evidence or argument some of the overall conclu sions based on my experiences and observa tions in Eng land Scotland Eire and Fran cc Here goes HALL 1 The war is being magnifi cently waged by the allies and Hitlers doom is irrevocably sealed it s only a matter of not much time at that 2 The people of Britain have stood up magnificently against a bombing ordeal that would have caused a race less courageous to run up the white flag 3 Americas fighters and the people of Britain including her lighting men have got along rather famously with each other generally speaking 4 Gen Ike Eisenhower in a somewhat delicate spot is univer sally admired fay Britishers both as a war strategist and as a mili tary diplomat 5 Even by those who disagree with his political philosophy Win ston Churchill is universally idol ized America does not have his parallel 6 While there isnt such a thing as a fat Britisher the diet on the island has been adequate to pre serve a rather high degree of geri era health rJ 7 vwhicn British Saveconverted grazing lands and golf courses into veg etables and grain fields is little short of a modern miracle 8 If the robot bombs of the past 4 months had been in com bination with the blitzbombs of 1940 there just wouldnt be any London today 9 You acquire a rather fatalistic attitude toward robot bombs Within a week I was going to the roof to watch them not to a shel ter to avoid them 10 One of the greatest sappers ol British morale has been 5 years of nightly blackouts And they havent been lifted as yet in Lon don 11 Great is the contrast be tween London and Paris in wars physical scars You have to look for them in Paris in London theyre everywhere 12 If the temper of the man on the street in London prevails there will be no easy peace for Germany this time He remembers too well the robot bombs 13 The stage is set for a social istlabor government in the Unit ed Kingdom The people look for ward eagerly to their first election after victory 14 Warweary Britain is facin the problems of reconversion to Peacetime economy with a sur prising degree of courage and op timism 15 Whats Russia going to do is even more in British thinking than in Americas Britain vc see is closer to Russia than v are here 16 Because theyve seen an been a part of war at close ran Britishers are willing to go to i length to see that the next is lasting 17 Britishers universally gran the necessity of maintaining the empire theyre agreed as to just how its to done 18 The ancient lines of iluo demarkation in Britain made fuz zy in the last war are being all but obliterated in conflict War knows no class 19 Paper shortage and censor ship have combined to keep Bri ish readers from graphic play byplay story of the war had U S newspaper readers 20 The government operate radio of Britain called wireless is doing a rather good job of news dissemination but is a bit short entertainment 21 Total war at its worst epitomized for me as a newspape observer in 3 ver aiid Normandy peninsula pecially St lo 22 Whether we like the British or I anc Britain are going to be tightly bound by fundamental mutual terests in the years ahead 23 Not the least of the bonds between U S and U K are common language and our i rnon heritage of AngloSaxon tice and freedom under law 24 The average citizen of South Ireland wants to see Hitler beaten But he wishes it could be accom Five Copy British Storm Ahead in Holland Drive nge t peace be class by on Do ou jus MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY OCTOBER 24 1941 FREE 11 TOWNS IN PHILIPPINES PUSH DRIVE TO CLEAR NAZIS IN ANTWERP AREA First Widespread Snow of Winter Sharpens Plague of Weather London troops fought into the streets of the key Dutch center of S Hertogenbosch Tuesday night German defenses apparently were CRUMBLING on a 12mile front south of the an cient fortress town The British offensive was one phase of a squeeze drive in con cert with the Canadian first army against some 40000 Germans fighting to hold southwestern Hol land and deny the allies use of Antwerp as a supply port An assault ring was shaping around S Hertogenbosch with the northernmost British column reaching the city Scottish troops swinging up from the south cut the road leading to Eindhoven Nearly 50 miles to the west Ca nadians cut off the causeway to the Schelde estuary islands where enemy cannon block the sea route to Antwerp and fought to within from 3 to 5 miles of the strong holds of Roosendaal and Bergen op Zoom A dispatch from supreme allied headquarters in Paris said that Canadian units fighting to clear the south bank of the Schelde estuary held the ferry port of Breskens firmly Tuesday and were along or across a road all the way to SchoondUke 3 miles south of Breskens The Germans have been squeezed into a pocket la this area that the Canadians who took Bres kens Sunday had withdrawn from the townand that a confused sit uation prevailed there Demolition patrols which moved a halfmile beyond Bresken to Fort Frederik Hendrik withdrew presumably leaving that bastions powerful coastal batteries out of action Neither side now occupies the fort the Paris dispatch said North of Antwerp Canadian troops cut the causeway leading to the islands in the Schelde es tuary Their artillery previously had commanded this area Along the main 475 mile front facing east toward Germany per sistent allied pressure scored no major gains and the winters first widespread SNOW sharpened the plague of weather which has ham pered the allied armies for weeks Front reports indicated that the Germans in the S Hertogenbosch area were suffering from lack of artillery support The British were using a powerful force of infantry tanks and artillery Three British columns drove on the cathedral city and Dutch pro vincial capital The northernmost one having captured the village ofRosmalen clawed its way west ward into the outskirts of S Her WORLD SECURITY Hickenlooper Strikes Back TALKS PLANNED at Wallace Calls for End to Democrat Bureaucracy uuiorvii ta ui togenbosch during the early morn Tanc Rpririrf HaxjlTftrif mg darkness Two more columns JaPS LJayilgni slashed their way toward that A n J V 1 s hub and bastion Air Kaid OH KUHlCS communications of the Germans west Holland line from the south and cast munique reporting fresh cross ings of the Dutch border north o ui uie leaerai communications com t neAw Sains mission The radio said that B g the B24s made the raids but claimed lr PariS Japanese fighters intercepted and 2 he LlldV 41U V4 The Canadians were within our side about 5 miles of Bergan Op Zoom oom This port and Boosendaal are 2 main German strongholds southwestern Holland in The pinchoff of the causeway to the west bottled up the German it on south Beveland and Walcherei islands where enemy guns also forbid allied use of the water lane to Antwerp The sector around Aachen was not active but to the south Ger man big guns apparently railway weapons hurled from 16 to area The German radio reported al lied guns were pounding the for tress of Metz with a heavy bar rage Street fighting for posses sion of Maizieres Les Metz to the north continued with the Ameri cans now holding about three fourths of the town YOUNG REPUBLICANS ENTERTAIN RALLY SPEAK of the Cerro Gordo county Young Repub lican club were hosts to the speakers at Monday evenings republican rally at a dinner preceding the affair Pictured above left to right are Rep John W Gwynne of Waterloo 3rd district candidate for reelection to the U S house of representatives Jean Bagley of Mason City secretary of the local club Howard Brooks of Des Moines organization U S House Session to Be Held in January JSBB Tnoerfnir fKof auu uureiucracy Tuesday that the United States j WIULIO SnPauincT a AHUJUII vvujut JCKL government hopes for a united na winch nearfv fUlert S and Mrs H R ol tions conference next January on the rtv ri Hampton Glaus Randall of Man world security possibilityfollow Mrs Jacobson ofOsage ing a RooseveltChurchiUSlalin meeting late this year to complete the Dumbarton Oaks plan The January conference Stettin iqs speculated may be preceded bx a PanAmerican meeting for the purpose df hemis pheric questions raised by pro posed conversion of the united na tion in a peacepreservine league Discussing these points at a press conference the undersecretary acknowledged for the first time that the unexpected prolonging of the 4power planning conferences at Dumarkton Oaks had thrown the tentative schedule for the next move on world organizaton out of line Stettinius was reminded that Secretary Hull said early in the summer tliat he hoped for a gen eral united nations conference be fore the end of this year and was asked whether that hope had been abandoned In reply Stettinius said that the Dumbarton Oaks meeting ran about a month longer than an ticipated and then conluded with a plan which is incomplete Some weeks ago Stettinius said he had held out slender hope that the time schelule might not be changed Now however it should be borne in mind that President Roosevelt will be very busy for lhe next 2 weeks or so Stettinius continued and then he will be very tired rr van rraiiuihcu aayugni riTR W Canadian troops raid on Paramushiro and Onneko neared Roosendaal in their drive tan Islands in the Kuriles by n 7 Gcrmai anchor of American bombing planes was re Zoom An allied com ported Tuesday by the Tokyo ra inilrnflTIP Varwrtntrr San Francisco daylight dio in a broadcast recorded by the federal communications com that no damage was sustained by Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday Con tinued mild temperature J paicrnansm according to Hick plished without being a victory for John Bull 25 The only indispensable man I know in this war is not named Churchill Roosevelt Dew ey Marshall Eisenhower or Mac Arthur Hes G I Joe night and Wednesday Scattered light showers northeast and ex treme north portions Tuesday night Cooler Wednesday Fresh to occasionally strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 72 Minimum Monday night 35 At 8 am Tuesday 37 YEAR AGO Maximum 59 Minimum 36 chairman of the state Young Republican clubs W G Henke of Charles City 3rd district G O P chairman Gov B B Hickenlooper Paul McAuley of Mason City chairman of the local club John Budd of Atlantic chair man of the state Young Republican clubs Marvvl Stephens of Mason City vicechairman of the county organization Lock photo Kayenay engraving Gov B B Hickenlooper struck back Monday evening at Vice President Henry A Wallaces recent defense here of the New Deals farm policy and called for an looper nominee for the United States senate in the Nov 7 gen aSMKasSrj lions cfdollarsasear irorh the level established during the pre ceding republican administration Usine as his source a pamphlet published by the V S department of agriculture the governor cited the average farm income under the republicans as 124 billions Budd and Brooks were guests of the Cerro Gordo county young re and under the democrats from 1933 to 1940 as 101 billions Only once prior to the conver sion of this country to a war economy did the new deal raise the total income of this country above the level of 1932 last year of the Hoover administration Hickenlooper stated Hickenloopers speech was broadcast over station KGLO be tween 9 and oclock The democratic administration is cutting down the income of the average American the governor said We are coming closer and closer to the point where the mon etary requirements of the govern ment and the income of the peo ple meet If we allow that junc tion we will be forced into col lectivism Labeling the coming election as the most vital since a free and experimenting people estab lished selfgovernment and op portunity on our eastern seaboard more than 150 years ago Hicken looper urged the reestablishment of the system of free enterprise We must turn loose the genius of this country he said It must not be restricted or controlled cut down or hedged about For the first time in history it is now apparent that the philoso phy of government built in the last 11 years is destructive and dangerous to the nation that it leads to the curtailment of the rights and opportunities of citi zens the governor stated Now we are told that one man is who have survived the death of Washing ton the passing of Jefferson the death of Lincoln he said That is not the philosophy from which leadership sprang We are told that we must be planned for regulated controlled Bureaucra cy reaches into every economic and social activity of a broad na ture in the United States The new deals postwar the only concrete one which it has offered regarding the domestic affairs of the simply an enlargement of government paternalism according to Hick portant change in temperature 41 e tue issues in mis Minnesota Partly cloudy Tuesday election The independence and night and Wednesday Scattered freedom and responsibility of the vision courage and ability These are the issues in thi American citizen the governor concluded Appearing with Hickenlooper at the rally was John W Gwynne Waterloo 3rd district republican nominee for U S representative W G Henke Charles City dis trict republican chairman intro tion was delivered by the Rev A N Rogness pastor of Trinity Lutheran church Henke introduced the following republican county chairmen and vice chairmen Mrs Stella Bis jrove of Mason City Wayne Fer Also presented were Justice William Bliss of Mason City can trict judge H M Knurtsoa of MasoniCity candidateJorV the senate Howard W Brooks of DCS Moines and John E Budd ofAtlantic organization chair man and president of the state Young Republican clubs The governor Gwynne Henke publicans at dinner at the Green Mill preceding the rally The county club drew up preliminary plans for increased activity and scheduled a meeting for Oct 31 at republican headquarters in Mason City FIGHT STEADILY AHEAD IN ITALY 4 Miles From Large Po Valley Junction Town Rome troops of the 5th army battling down the northern slopes of the Apennines approached Tuesday within 4 miles of coastal San Pietro large Po valley junction town on the Rimini highway 13 miles south east of Bologna Supreme headquarters an nounced this American column had captured the village of Fras sineto southwest of coastal San battleRoiigh terrain still lay ahead Thick minefields demolitions and barbed wire entanglements held up another force advancing on dominating Monte Belmonte On the southeast other fifth army troops drove for miles along the highway to Imola an other junction point on the Rim iniBologna road and captured the village of Fontanelice It lies 7 miles southwest oC Imola British forces battling along highway 67 in the sector to the east pushed beyond the road junc tion of Portico on the way to Forli Indian troops captured Monte Cavallo west of the Savio river and south of Cesena on the ejghtl army front and on the Adriatic coast other eighth army forces ad vanced onehalf mile beyond cap tured Cervia Canadian forces en larged and strengthened thei bridgehead across the Savio north of Cesena MacArthur Lands at Same Area He Put Ashore 41 Years Ago With Gen MacArlhur on Lcyte Philippines was only a coincidence but Gen Douglas MacArthur landed in the Philip pines only a few miles from where he first put ashore exactly 41 years ago In discussing the landing MacArthur recalled that on Oct 20 1903 he was in Tac loban as a raw young 2nd 111UiC uiau goia tenant fresh out of West Point on wedding rings from a showcase his first mission Saturday during a business rush 100 RINGS STOLEN Iowa City Hauser jewelry store owner reportec Monday that 2 men stole a tra containing more than 100 gol duced the Speakers The invoca RED TROOPS MOVE ON Russian tion was delivered by the Rev A 1 n ussan troops in northern Finland smashed to the border of Nor way A along a 54mile front other units of the red army stormed 19 miles into East Prussia and a red pincers threatens the great fortress of Insterburg Powerful Red Army Gains in East Prussia Moscow of the great st armored forces ever assem led on the Russian front swept cross East Prussia Tuesday in a apidly mounting drive aimed di ectly at the great German port Konigsberg In the deepest penetration of ierman soil yetnude by any al led force Gen Ivan D Cher niakovskys 3rd White Russian rmy smashed into East Prussia lonff an 87mile front captured lore than 40 towns and villages nd sent spearheads thrusting as leeply as 19 miles into the nazi erritory Berlin which has been re torting the huge soviet offensive or more than a week said the Russian troops had reached the Angerapp river 31 miles inside Hast Prussia The Cairo radio as reported by Ixchange telegraph quoted Ger man reports that the big city of Tilsit in the northeastern tip of last Prussia had been evacuated ind that the key rail junction of nsterburg 50 miles east of Kon gsberg was surrounded by sov et forces invasion of the eastern ierman frontier heralded in an irder of the day by Marshal Josef 5talin was made by the 37 year ild Cherniakhovsky with an army Jf an estimated 750000 men com prising probably the greatest ar of tanks and artillery ever hrown into an offensive by the oviet high command Stalin also announced that sov et Arctic forces had captured Salmijarvi Finnish gateway town o Norway and cleared the entire vital nickel production region oi northern Finland Salmijarvi on the north shore of Lake Kuotsjaervi is only 18 miles southeast of Kirkenes Ger Tian submarine and air base on the allied Arctic convoy route Russian warships were reporter Monday to have sailed into Var angerfjord off Kirkenes in prep aratipn iornaval and Jaiid op era tions in horthern Norway A Berlin broadcast said soviet troop had launched a 2pronged lane drive toward Kirkenes At the same time a communi que disclosed that Marshal Hodion Y Malinovskys 2nd Ukrainiai army struck within 8 miles o southern Czechoslovakia in cap turing Dombrad and established a solid 30mile front between there and Tiszalok on the south bank of the Tisza river His force also closed in further on Satu Mare seizing Martinesti and Sam REPORT YANKS SMASHED INTO SAMAR ISLAND Drive Through Muck Bitterly Resisting Japanese on Leyte General MacArthurs Headquar ers Philippines UP American iberators of IV towns in the ral Philippines drove ahead on Leyte island Tuesday through al most impassable much and bitterly Japanese Press dispatches from the front o the Melbourne Herald in Iralia reported an American lank column had established a bridge lead on Samar island the link be ween Leyte and Luzon islands The Heralds correspondent 31aine Fielder reported the tank olumn was ferried across narrow 5an Juanicb strait Monday from a highway point above Tacloban provincial capital of Lcyte and provisional seat of the constitu tional Philippines government Fielders dispatch from Taclo jan cleared by military censors said Gen Douglas MacArthur cap esul 2 and 3 miles east and south east respectively from the Tran sylvanian rail center The campaign in East Prussia the first largescale invasion o German soilin SO years ivas Jh focal point however of the sov iet operations along the Icnsth eastern front Cherniakhovskys powerful 3000 Japs Killed in Leyte Battles Gen MacArthurs Headquar ters Leyte inva sion forces have killed more than 3000 Japanese troops in early stages of the Philippines ground operations it was disclosed Tues day italized the rapid advance on northern Leyte to send his troops to the fifth island to be invaded since his return to the Philippines Invasion of Samar was not men tioned by other correspondents nor by MacArtKurs own communique Tuesday Abroad leads up coait of Samar from the shores opposite Tacloban to the northern tiplo miles southeast of Luzon on which Manila is situated D S sixth army troops moved northwestward from Tacloban at the northern tip of the 20 mile Lejte east coast front and slid through swamps in the southern sector from DulaK Muck and slime proved a greater obstacle in the south than the Japanese and sometimes left the advancing Yanks without the support of their tanks The coastal road south from Tacloban to Palo was entirely in American hands Palo and Dulag anchored the westbound arms of a potential trap reaching out to engulf Nip ponese 16th division the torturers at a 140 uisquare mile area bounded on the mored forces smashed into East cast by the coast and on the west trussia under the cover of a huge by a valley road from Buraueu air umbrella and were driving to Santa Fe rapidly on both sides of the KaunaKonigsberg railroad Marked progress was reported Tuesday in a communique on the 7 j in a communique on tne T The offensive n which Gen Dulag south arm toward Burauen Ivan C Bagramians 1st Baltic After menacing Nipponese posi army was expected to join mo mentarily with a push against Tilsit in the north threatened to develop into a battle of annihila tion Berlin reported that Bagra mian had reached the Niemen riv er on a 72mile front in the Me mel zone and already had at tempted crossings of the river for an assault on Tilsit While Cherniakovsky was accu mulating his potent forces the soviet high command watched the Germans feverishly building de fenses and massing tank and ar tillery reserves The nazis have announced repeatedly they would fight to a finish and the Soviets have waited and apparentiy are ready for just such a battle The size of Cherniakhovskys forces was indicated by the fact it included 62 generalsThe great est number participating in any campaign on the eastern front Also newspaper dispatches re ported that the young general had concentrated as many as 300 guns in a mile and a half and employed up to 20000 guns in one opera tion Girl 7 Lighting Candle Dies of Burns Council Bluffs Georgia May Mylcr 7 year old daughter of Mr and Mrs Harold Myler Mis souri Valley Iowa died in a hos pital here Monday of burns suf fered a week ago when her cloth ing caught fire as she was lighting a candle at her home IS AWARDED ALIMONY Los Angeles Dolls Dare Krog actress suing for sep arate maintenance was awarded monthly alimony from Roy Krog She testifies she lives alone one room of an apartment Krog occupies the other room tions in the Catmon hills area were bypassed Sherman tanks pushed 7miles into the outskirts of San Pablo That is about 3 miles from Burauen The advance was over muddy roads It was a different story at Palo All Monday night the Japanese counterattacked fiercely and it was not until Tuesday morning that it was broken bloodily Then the Americans resumed a slow push west of the liberated town of Palo which is 6 miles from the road junction of Santa Fe The advance was contested along the main road There are signs that the Japa nese have sensed the growing danger at the southern end and already are puliing out to the northwest The opposition supplied before San Pablo was by rear guards Other enemy rear guards at the extreme north end of the Leyte front retreated before first caval ry troops which Monday night pushed 3 miles northwest of Tac loban the new provisional capital of the Sergio Osmena Philippines iovernment Gen Douglas MacArthurs com munique listed not only the liber ation of II towns on the island Leyte but also the complete occu pation of the 3 small islands of Suluan Dinagat and Homonhon guarding the entrances of Leyle gult Patrols had been put ashore on those islands one week ago Tuesdaypreparatory to last Fri days big landings on Leyle In contrast with the roundthe clock massive air cover of Ameri can carrierbased planes the Jap anese managed only small night attacks but the communique Tuesday said these were ineffec tual and that antiaircraft guns ol warships shot down a divebombtr Front line dispatches told of Filipino women and children who took to the hills when faattlewag 5 j v ;