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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 24, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C fl H1ST WEW S T OEPT OF 10 oes UOINES u VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNTTED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY OCTOBER 24 1939 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 13 WILL FIGHT TO FINISHRIBBENTROP Sees Fight Over ICC Water Plan By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist SENATOR BURTON K WHEELERS plan embodied in whats known as the WheelerLea bill in congress because Repre sentative Clarence F Lea of Cali fornia is the Montana sena t o rs partner in sponsoring it in the lower legislative chamber to put this coun try s river t r a importation under the inter state commerce com m i ssions jurisdiction evi Senator Wheeler denHy is due to meet with plenty of opposition the lawmakers get down to final consideration of it It may not look likea very thrilling fight yet but it promises to become one as it develops As will be recalled several months ago Senator Wheeler started an investigation to ascer tain possible whats the finan cial matter with Americas rail roads which it generally was rec ognized are in sore straits not only to their own distress but also to the incidental prejudice oE many other interests It was an exceedingly thorough inquiry One conclusion seemed to be that the rail lines are the victims of our inland water carriers competition Land Versus Water The presumption is that the rail roads remedy is to make the river navigators charge more for their services This should be nice for railroads but probably a se vere poke atthe rivermen way it couldnt be done with the rivermen independent of I C C rate orders The I C C could in deed compel the rail folk to lower their charges to the rivermens level That however would ruin the railroaders still farther if theyre going into bankruptcy al ready how could they stand a fur ther cut in their figures Obvi ously the rails only salvation is to make the rivermen hike their tariffs The I C C if given the necessary authority can do it That its assumed is the Wheel erLea bills purpose It isnt so stated but its obvious It suits the railroaders but naturally not the rivermen who are making money at their present rates Neither does it suit consurnerdom along the banks of our big rivers Their con sumerdom thrives on river traffic The other day the Mississippi Valley association one of its chief functions is the expansion of in land waterways held a conven tion in St Louis Twentythree states were repre sented I dont think it necessary said Congressman William M Whittington of Mississippi mak ing a speech to kill the water ways in order to cure the rail ways Twentythree states arc a fairly good nucleus Who Footed Bill The railroads dope is that they footed the bill for their rightof way for laying their rails and for their rolling stock whereas the government paid for making the rivers dredging out bars and pulling up snags There fore they say of course the river men can underbid them Incident ally they remark auto trucks have had highways built for them at public expense to compete with em They dont mention that they got billions of dollars worth of public land grants and that they issued billions of dollars worth of obli gations that still are outstanding in the form of reissues and ve reissucs But they do have this to say Theyve got their securities out standing everywhere and if they the railroads bust the security holders will be left holding the sack It goes without saying that this would be a national calamity It isnt altogether the railroads fault Its the times The proprietor of a coach line between Washington and New York in the early 1800s might have been justified in complain ing when the railroads began to encroach on him Diamond Ring Falls From Old Auto Tire CLEVELAND Dennis If Weiss possessed a diamond ring because his automobile required a new tire It fell out of the old tire while I was having a new one put he said No Word Heard From Crew of Seized U SBoat W HULL BELIEVES SOME OF ITEMS IN CONTRABAND Early White House Secretary Declares Voyage Was Lawful Nazi Crew Made Stop at Tromso Landed 38 Seamen From Torpedoed Ship and Took oh Water TROMSO Norway wegian officials announced Tues day that the German cruiser Em den had captured the American WASHINGTON steamer City of Flint as a contra ctState Hull said Tuesday noband carrier after the steamer word had been received from the had rescued 38 British seamen theJJ S City of Flint Tlie City of Flint in the hands of a German prize crew of 17 put into Norwegian waters off Tromso last Friday night to land seized by a German warship and added that probably more than half the Flints cargo was condi tional contraband Hulls statement followed a no tation by White House Secretary Stephen T Early that the Flint was on a legal and lawful voyage when intercepted by a German warship Hull exhibited some concern for the crew of the Flint and emphasized that information is beinggathered in Moscow Ber lin and Oslo Norway regard ing the seizure They said that before she was stopped by the Emden the City of Flint had picked up from lifeboats 38 survivors from the Stonegate who said their ship had been tor pedoed and sunk a week before the American ships arrival here She was flying the German flag when she reached Tromso Russians Promise to Give Report MOSCOW Rus sia Tuesday told the United States government that full in formation would be furnished as soon as available concerning American steamship City of iuny ot by Flint which was captBretTlfy tHe Turnbull ScottrShipping com dermatt CAO imT rtanu nf a German sea raider and sent to a soviet Arctic port comprised items on Germanys absolute contraband list Under international law a ves sel may be seized as well as its cargo jf more than 50 per cent of the cargo is absolute contra band Hull emphasized that the United States had reserved all rights for itself and its nationals under in ternational law and said that the American ambassador to Russia Laurence Steinhardt was seeking an appointment with the foreign office to obtain the full facts in the case It was reported in official quar ters that the government would base a request for release of tiie boat on the ground that Germany in the absence of extraordinary circumstances had no right to send the 4963 ton vessel into a neutral port regardless of any contraband she might have car ried While this internafional as pect of the seizure of the Ameri can vessel was fast developing the while house was represented to have taken the view that in so far as domestic law is con cerned the City of Flint was on a perfectly legal and lawful voyage Stephen Early presidential press secretary explained that in mak ing this statement he was speak ing only of American laws and did not mean that Germany had no right under international law seize the freighter to The question of right of seizure supported by the Germans on their belief that con traband was being vestigated by the state depart ment The first move of the lease of the ship and her 42 in command of Capt Joseph Gainnrd The City of Flint was raptured by the German cvuiser Emdpn as a prize of war last week She was out of New York bound to Glasgow Liverpool and other English ports Already the American em bassy at Moscow has asked the soviet government what became of the crew and at Berlin Hie embassy sought an explanation of the seizure The situation as regards the City of Flint Early said divides itself into these three parts in the white house view was on a perfectly legal and lawful voyage under existing laws the neutrality act re quested of congress she could not nave sailed on that voyage to a belligerent port state department has sent cablegrams asking its rep resentatives at various points abroad to develop the facts and report The reports now are being awaited 38 seamen from a torpedoed British freighter the 5044 ton Stonegate and to take on fresh water The 42 crewmen of the City of Flint were still aboard the vessel when she disappeared Saturday evening bound for Kola Russian Arctic port near Murmansk where she arrived Sunday night The German prize crew was interned by Russian authorities Authorities here expressed he pany Ltd of The picking up of the Stone gates survivors was the City of Flints second act of mercy since the European war started She carried 220 survivors of the sunk en British liner Athenia to Hali fax The Athenia was sunk Sept 3 Twentyfour hours after the Stonegates seamen were the American aboard by the cruiser bearing the taken vessel same name as one of the most famous German raiders of the World war seized her said Nor wegian authorities W V The Emdens commander de clared that the City of Flints cargo of tractors leather and other shipments consigned to Glasgow and Liverpool was con traband and placed a prize crew on the ship When the vessel reached Trom so the commander of the prize crew asked Norwegian permission to land the 38 Stonegate survivors He classified them as prisoners of war This permission was granted and the Stonegatc seamen were landed The British sailors later were sent to England by way of Bergen after thc British consul here provided them with clothing The prize crew also was per mitted to take on water in ac cordance with international law covering seized ships taken to neu tral ports Norwegian authorities ordered the City of Flints captors to take her out of territorial waters with in 24 hours and a torpedoboat escorted her beyond the three mile limit Saturday morning She stood by however until the late evening when she disap peared in the north The survivors from the Stone minutes to leave their own shi before she was torpedoed They were exhausted from their long battle with the North Atlantic when their lifeboats were picked up by the City of Flint MORE ROCKETS ADDED DES MOINES Rock Island railroad announced two new Rocket trains would be put into service Nov 12 between Chi cago and Denver through Des Moincs and Iowa City it SENATE VOTES AMENDMENTS IN CASH CARRY Drastic Restrictions Except in Danger Zones Are Eliminated WASHINGTON The sen ate quickly amended the adminis tration neutrality bill Tuesday to lift drastic restrictions from American shipping except in the danger zones of the North Atlan tic With Vice President Garner gavcling amendments through hurriedly the chamber also ac cepted a proposal by Senator nttman Dlsev to strip from the measure a clause permitting belligerents to obtain 90 day credits on purchases in this country V An amendment by Pittman to lift the bills original drastic curb against American vessels carrying any suplies to a belligerent port in any part of the world was adopted without a dissenting voice after it had been changed some what As approved by the chamber the bill would permit American vessels to carry any materials ex cept arms to belligerent ports in Bermuda the South Atlantic cer tain ports in the Bay of Fundy and Gulf of Maine in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia Pacific and In dian oceans China Tasman and Arabian seas and the Bay of Ben Working under an unanimous consent agreement to limit debate the senate previously had ap proved an amendment by Senator Brown DMich which would permit inland commerce with Canada and Mexico to continue normally without the require ment that purchasers in those countries must obtain title to sup plies before they were transported across the American border Browns amendment was ap proved after Vice President Garner who had sought to speed up proceedings had apolo gized to the senate for having gavcled through an amendment by Senator Piltman Offered as a substitute Browns amendment displaced Pitttnans the latter offering no opposition to this course As explained by the Michigan senator the amendment would permit the shipment by inland waterways rail or airplanes of any supplies except arms to Canada without the purchaser first bein required to obtain title in thi country Shipments going by sea however could not be carried in American vessels and would re quire title transfer Purchasers of arms in any case would be re quired to obtain title before ship ment Brown said the effect of the amendment would be to permit the continuance of formal com mercial relations with Canada and Mexico affecting both countries alike The senate then took up the controversial shipping sections of the bill Republican Leader Mc Nary of Oregon asked that the shipping amendments go over a day but Pittman insisted on their immediate consideration in by Spokesmen for both factions the neutrality legislation figl agreed the speechc u r t a i 1 i n agreement would hasten action The agreement proposed Democratic Leader Barklcy would limit each senators general dis cussion of the legislation provid ing for repeal of the arms cmbargc to 45 minutes In addition eac senator would be permitted t speak for a total of 55 minutes o each amendment The agreement was reached after Senator Clark DMo won a promise from Barkley not to call the senate into daily sessions earlier than 10 a m There was also an understanding that night sessions would not be held to Sank British Freighter GERMAN FIGHTER UEUTSCHLAND Reveal Pocket Battleship3 38 Survivors From Stonegate Were Picked Up by City of Flint OSLO Norway Ger man pocket battleship Deutsch land speedy 10000 ton fighting ship was reported by authorita tive sources Tuesday to have been the vessel which sank the British freighter Stonegate in the middle Atlantic Thirtyeight survivors of be Stonegate were picked up by the United States freighter City of Flint which later was capturcc by a German raider The British seamen were landed by the City of Flints prize creu at Tromso northern Norwegian port and later proceeded to Ber fien enroute home after being aided by British officials First accounts of the Stonegates sinking ascribed it to n submarine Persons who questioned her sur vivors however quoted them as saying it was the Deutschland which sank her with a torpedo LOOK INSIDE FOR I MUS DAISY TECTMEYER Forgotten Woman Released From Jail PAGE 2 Plan Inauguration of Upper Iowa President PAGE 3 Vols Rated Top Team in National Balloting PAGE 3 ABBEY CLEARED IN DEATH CASE Directed Verdict in Northwood Motorcycle Accident Is Ordered Nf directed ver dict for the defendant in the man slaughter case against Charles Abbey 27 was ordered by Judge Henry Graven of Mason City Tuesday forenoon after the trial had been under way one full doy Abbey was charged with re sponsibility for the death on May 2 1937 of Robert Johnson 17 who was killed when his motor cycle crashed into a car driven by Abbey on Highway 65 in the northern part of Northwood Abbey it developed in the states testimony turned info filling station moxing into the path of Johnsons motorcycle Judge Graven in his ruling dc clarcd that there might have bcei minor negligence but that it did not amount to criminal neg ligencc A coroners jury summoned twi days after the Johnson death two years ago absolved Abbey of bliime The trial Monday got undci way in the forenoon Twentynine talesmen were examined in the se lection of the jury and the state opened its case late in the after noon Mr Abbey was represented by Ally James Williams of Mason City and County Ally O J Ward well represented the state 23 and Robert McDan icls 2o said Tuesday that man failure not mechanical failure forced them to end their record breaking light plane endurance flight of 535 hours and 45 minutes Monday night We wouldnt do it again for a million dollars McDaniels said Our became too stiff to operate the plane properly We enjoyed the flight Baxter Flyers Cant Stand strain After 535 Hours said The first th said The first three days were the worst After that it was pretty easy until the last three days They wore us down The engine got on our nerves and we de veloped eye strain that made it difficult for us to see at night The 5b horsepower engine of their tiny Piper Cub monoplane which had run continuously since a m Oct 1 was turning faithfully when they landed and although it had developed a knock the flyers believed it could have run for many more hours Their time exceeded by 192 hours the old light plane record of 343 hours and 46 minutes set last April nt Springfield by Hunter and Humphrey Moody They had hoped to exceed the heavy plane record of 673 hours and 46 minutes which the Key brothers established at Meridian Miss in 1935 in a Curtiss Robin monoplane with a 220 horsepower engine McDaniels wife Eunice and hi 20 months old baby headed i crowd of 12000 which greeted tht flyers when they landed When notified that Wcs Carroli and Clyde Schlicpcr California endur ance flyers still were aloft in then light seaplane with more than hours to their credit Baxter McDaniels wishes expressed their good By UNITED PRESS S steamship City of Flint captured by German cruiser Emden after it had picked up 38 crew members of British steamship Stonegate sunk in Atlaiitic City oi Flint taken to Tromso Norway where Britishers landed and then to Kola bay north of Murmansk Russia S ambas sador calls on soviet au thorities concerning City of Flint American officials believe that since Russia is neutral ship will be re turned For eign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop expected in Danzig speech to outline nazi policy following Turk ish pact with allies Little feeling here that Germany plans big push against Maginot line although like ly to intensify marine and propaganda war receive reports that Germans plan attempt to smash Maginot line with gigantic artillery and air bombardments Heavy rains believed to have forestalled any proba bility of German land of fensive this fall of fiveman Finnish mission to Moscow returning Tues day night for instructions on latest Russian propos als believed to include de mands for three Finnish islands off soviet naval base of Kronstadt and voice in control of Aaland islands b e t w e e n Finland and Sweden Three British Freighters Sunk at Gibraltar GIBRALTAR Brit sh freighters were sunk Tuesday in the vicinity of Gibraltar They were the Menin Ridge 2474 tons Tafna 4413 tons and Ledbury 3528 tons Details of the sinkings were not immediately available An earlier dispatch reported the Ledbury had been fired upon at a point about 80 miles west of the Straits of Gibraltar I The Weather FORECAST MINNESOTA Mostly cloudy occasional light rain in north and east portions Tuesday nifrht and liRhl rain or snow flurries in north anil extreme cast por tions W e d n e s d a y colder AVednesilay and northwest and extreme west portions Tuesday night IOWA Partly cloudy show ers in cast and southcentral portions night and probably in extreme cast por tion Wednesday mornins warm er fn Southcentral and extreme cast portions Tuesday night colder Wednesday and extreme northwest portion late Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather ics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday nislit At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Prccip Snow stalls MINISTER SAYS NAZIS FRIENDLY WITH AMERICA Blames Britain for Senseless War Forced Upon German Nation DANZIG Germany Adolf Hitlers foreign minis ter told the world Tuesday light that Germany now was determined to conduct the war against Britain and her allies to the bitter finish and until the security of the Ger man rcich was assured for all time Joachim von Rihbentrop characterized the war with he western powers as completely senseless but held that Britain and espe cially the Chamberlain gov ernment had insisted upon having this war He denied the charge that Germany had broken her word he asserted with con stant references to recent history that every attempt by the fuehrer to come to an understandingwith Britain France and Poland had been frustrated by the London government The immediate audience for his 45 minute broadcast address was formed of veteran lighters of the nazi party in this onetime free city now in the reich He declared that in the truest sense of the word the war has been forced upon Germany Von Ribbentrop disclosed for the first time that only a few months after Hitlers assumption of power in 1933 a secret meet ing had been arranged between the Fuehrer and French Premier Daladicr to attempt to settle FrenchGerman difference Dala dier wns premier from January to October The foreign minister asserted that at Britains instigation the meeting was called off at the last minute by the French and Dala dier was ousted from the pre miership because as von Rtb bcnlrop insisted the British feared the French front fighter and man of the people Daladier might find a real basis for agreement with front fighter and man of the people Hitler The nazi foreign minister said Hitlers policy from 1933 on was one of coming to terms with Brit ain on the following basis 1 A naval agreement 2 An eternal mutual guaran tee of the inviolability of the borders of Belgium the Neth erlands and Francc 3 German respect for ains imperial intercsls ami British rcsuect for German in terests in eastern Europe A protective and defen sive BritishGerman alliance with a pledge of armed aid by Germany to the British empire with no such counter aid de manded of Enfflantl Despite constant setbacks von Ribbentrop said Hitler pursued his aim of BritishGerman friend ship with be cause it corresponded both to feelings fur Britain and his racial views Only after a last attempt to win Englands friendship had failed did he decide to ally himself wilh nations willing to declare their solidarity with Germany he dc cJarcd J There ensued the Italian and JapaiiDse and more recently the soviet Russian friendship The soviet pact lie said precluded any territorial divergencies be tween the two contracting parlies German Russian interests touched von Kibbcntrop de clared hut did not conflict Itc said the pact with Moscow meant a new orientation of German foreign policy and a reversion to traditional friend ship Turning to the United Slates he said no country respected the Monroe doctrine more than Ger many On the whole American con tinent he declared Germany had no interests other than thofc of trade Only a sickly imagination1 could construe ny point of dif ference he added The United States has nothing against Germany von Kibbcn ;