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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 23, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THf HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NIWSFAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH I 0 W A N S NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LVM Associated Presf and United Full Wirci t Copy MASON CITV IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER 23 1950 This Paper of Two It One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary iy W EARL HALL Monoging Editor The UN Is Our Best Peace Hope T7OR this commentary Im go ing to try projecting myself 100 years into the future and pre sent approximately rather than verbatim what historians of 2050 will besaying about the subject of peace and war Here I quote Looking back over some 5000 years of recorded history we find that events of the year 1950 A D were more important in mans centuriesold quest for a peace ful world than the happenings of any other single year in our his torical annals It was this the rightthinking nations of the world recognized belatedly that the world organization set up to preserve peace must be prepared instantly to deal with the gang ster nation In short it was in 1950 that the necessity for teeth real the United Na tions was dealt with realistically for the first time i Learue of Nations Failed Prior to 1950 wars had been waged purportedly to preserve peace Some of these wars had been brought to a close with dra matic professions of a determi nation that it shall not happen again On one such occasion the countries of the world called into solemn conclave by an American named Woodrow Wilson joined to gether in a world peace organiza tion known as the league of na Heor Those Bells Church bells in Mason City will ring at 11 oclock o m Tuesday along with bells in other communities across the nation in ob servance of UN day The ringing is to call citizens to a moment of silent prayer for the success of the United Nations Sweep to 50 Miles of Manchuria tions But when it came to sign Ing on the dotted line the Ameri can senate demurred Thus the league was foreordained to fail ure before it opened for business st Geneva Switzerland On another occasion the coun tries of the world sent their rep resentatives to San Francisco to set up a new world organ ization This was before the bombs had ceased to rain down on Ger many and Japan in what had been designated as World war I Charter Was Masterpiece Out of this conference in San Francisco the United Nations was born It came equipped with a perfectly wonderful charter which one group of powers there repre sented signed with tongue in cheek It glorified the right of an individual even a common man to be free it vouchsafed independ ence to all nations even the small nations But in the next 5 years one vast mockery in the UN charter and bylaws had revealed itself That mockery showed up in the diabolical spread between promise and performance on the part of a rising imperialism of the hour known during its brief and fever ish existence on our earth as com munism This nevv tyranny had its nerve center in Moscow Ultimate ly it became known in all lands for exactly what it mere continuation of the despotism and ambition for world domination which made Russia under the czars a scourge upon civilization 5 Years on a Razors Edge Between 1945 and June of 1950 the United Nations had a precarious existence At times it almost required a precision in strument to detect a pulse in the body Frustrations were more nu merous and impressive than suc cesses The designation interna tional debating society was apt And what was the reason for all this The whole trouble stemmed from an assumption that all of the nations participating in that San Francisco conference in 1945 shared the same wish for a peaceful world That was a fallacy The communists wanted world domination not world peace One of the things of course which helped the Russians in their obstructive tactics was a veto pro vision written into the rules cov ering the security council of the United Nations the committee of limited membership in whose hands the responsibility for en forcing the worlds peace was re posed Reds Had Advantage With this device at its com mand the communists were able to toss a monkeywrench into the machinery every time there was an attempt to curb Russian ag gression In the working out of things the veto provision was tai lormade for Kussian use In this connection its ironical that when the framework for the TJN was being Riven form at San Francisco the United Stnles was no less insistent on inclusion of tilt veto than was Russia There CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 GlobeGazette photo by Musser READY TO RING Chilson tests out the bell of First Baptist church in preparation for UN day Tuesday when all the church bells in the community will be rung at 11 a m This will be a signal for everyone to stop for a moment of prayer for the UN Arrangements for this observance were made by the Mason City League of Women Voters Mrs Marion Olson UN chairman for the league also announces that the UN flag be flown on the First National and that UN posters will be shown throughout the community A spe cial UN display has been arranged at the library Announcements over local ra dio stations will also advise the community of UN day Advance talks in preparation for the ob servance have been sponsored by Investigation Calls Flood Iowa Politics By JACK PALMER DCS Moines UR The Iowa election campaign turned into its final two weeks Monday with more demands for investigations than J Edgar Hoover gets in a week Democrats with Iowa House Minority Leader Gene Poston join ing in intensified their cries for investigations of the state liquor commission and Agriculture Sec retary Clyde Sprys approval of a sale base antifreeze Sees Action Deferred There were conflicting reports as to whether the republicancon trolled legislative interim commit tee had decided to look into those two matters But it seemed certain that any action would be deferred until after the Nov 7 election Republicans countered with state GOP Chairman Robert K Goodwins demand for a senate investigation of political activity by production and marketing ad ministration employes in support of democratic senatorial candidate Albert J Loveland Three Linn county farmers attested to the ac curacy of a Cedar Rapids Gazette story on which the republican charges were based Poston minority leader of the 1P49 house said both liquor com mission policies and Sprys ab solute fraud in approving for sale a salt base antifreezs distributed by a Des Moines firm should be investigated No Confirmation However he declined to con firm or deny reports that the leg islative interim committee of which he is a member decided during the weekend to conduct such a probe Rep Harry iVeichman R New hall another member of the com mittee denied that the group voted investigations when it met at Mt Pleasant and Iowa City Friday and Saturday It would show on the record if we did he said However Weich man said that did not mean the committee may not investigate in the future Asked if any private agreement was reached Weichman replied Not that I know of Wants Resignation Lester Gillette democratic can didate for governor called for Sprys resignation because of his approval of the antifreeze prod uct over the objections of state chemists Neil Little democratic candidate for state auditor demanded an audit of the liquor commission books If the state auditors office re fuses to perform the audit Little said the executive council or Gov William S Beardsley should name 3 certified public accountants to do it Goodwin made his demand in telegrams to Sen Guy Gillette D Iowa chairman of the senate elec tion subcommittee and Sen An drew Schocppel RKnns mi nority committee member Gillette who also has received complaints of election irregulari ties in other states indicated his group would consider the charges to determine whether worth investigating they are Goodwins demand followed a charge by Lovelands opponent Sen Bourkc Hickenloopcr that Paul Benncr Marshalltown and Al the league speakers including Mrs Wilbur Dierking and Mrs F B Hathaway Vishinsky SlamsTruman Policy Speech By TOM OCHILTREE lake Success For eign Minister Andrei Y Vishinsky charged Monday that President Trumans foreign policy is based on force and the same guns be fore butter formula which Hitler followed He attacked the presidents speech in San Francisco last Tues day following the presidents re turn from his Wake island confer ence with Gen MacArthur That speech Vishinsky said had no want of antisoviet sentiments to back up plans for a new war and new sacrifices by taxpayers The soviet foreign minister charged American officials had aggressive designs beyond what they already are carrying out in various parts of the world His references to President Tru man made before the UN assem blys political committee came the day before Mr Truman is sched uled to address the United Na tions The presidents speech is ex pected to outline Americas views on the preservation of peace and the resistance of Koreantype ag gressions P T A to Hear Harold Stassen DCS Moines Iowa con gress of parents and teachers will hold its golden jubilee conven tion in Des Moines Nov 1618 with Harold E Stassen president ofthe University of Pennsylvania as chief speaker Convention plans were an nounced Monday by Mrs H C Breckenridge of Charles City state P T A president and Mrs F R Kenison of Madrid program chairman The meeting which is open to the public is cosponsored by the Iowa State Education association Stassen will speak on Children and Freedom Cook both of the PMA staff urged Linn county PMA commit tcemen to vote for Loveland at a meeting last Monday Hickenlooper quoted from n story in the Cedar Rapids Gazette to substantiate his attack Bcnner denied the charge He said he asked commilteemen to ex ercise their right to vote but did not indorse any candidate However a spokesman for the Gazette said 3 Linn county farm ers have certified the storys ac curacy He quoted County PMA Chair man John F Wagor Central City as saying he was told that Benner had denied electioneering Thats peculiar I think I could round up 25 witnesses that would say that he did FBI Collars Alien Reds Under New Law Washington ff The justice department Monday disclosed it has begun a roundup of top alien communists in the United States and has arrested 10 Those already in custody were described as the most important of about 86 persons scheduled for prompt pickup and deportation if deportation is possible Officials said the 10 are those have been most active in the fields of communist propaganda In the case of most of this 10 the arrests mark the 1st time the justice department has moved to deport them However the department said that many on the proposed deten tion list of 86 are aliens previously ordered deported but who have not left the country The roundup extends from coast to coast The department acted under the 1950 internal security act This law enacted over President Trumans veto permits the attor ney general to keep subversive aliens against whom deportation is pending in custody for as long j as 6 months If the alien cannot be deported within that time the law directs that they be kept under close su pervision by the immigration serv ice BuldUpUS Air Power in Europe America May Give 5 to 10 Divisions for Western Defense Al1 By ELTON C FAY Military Affairs Reporter Washington ff The United States probably will be able to dispatch quickly a substantial part ofany air strength it pledges to North Atlantic allies at forth coming European defense talks here Indeed there are indications the buildup of United States air force strength in Europe already is well under way The explanation is that the air force unlike the army has not been compelled to put virtually all its existing strength into the Korean war even though air strength in the far east has been expanded enormously since last June 25 Meetings to Tell In the series of meetings of the military committee and defense ministers of the North Atlantic treaty organization here during the next 7 days the United States will agree to its contribu tions to the mutual defense against the menace of soviet on the ground in the air at sea in providing war equipment for the other 11 treaty nations The guess has been that even tually the United States may pro vide from 5 to 10 of the 70 or 80 army divisions of the combined western European defense force United States army officials have been working feverishly to find some way to provide the 1stof the divisions They have considered among other proposals plans for send ing over a newly organized com bat unit like the 4th division re cently converted from a training into a tactical outfit Such a di vision would be brought up to full strength With volunteers and draftees who would be trained while on duty in Europe An al ternate and generally less favored plan has been to send over one or more national guard divisions No Chance Now Of one thing the army leaders are certain There is no chance of sending 10 divisions now That happens to be all the army has the reserve at home in Korea in Europe The navy is in somewhat the po sition of the air force Even though it has built up the 7th fleet in the far east from an orig inal handful of craft to a force that comprises much of the total 400 United Nations warships it lias an ample stockpileof vessels and is getting the men to man them Northern Gas to Ask Another Rate Increase Washington attorney forNorthern Natural Gas Co Omaha Nebr said Monday the firm will ask for an additional rate increase in addi tion to the S3200000 boost being contested before the federal pow er commission The commission reopened hear ings Monday on the 1st request which company sources said amounts to about 14 per cent of present rates A spokesman said the additional increase would be about 15 per cent of present rates plus the 1st increase Richard Connor Northern Na turals attorney said the firm ex pects to file the new request on or before Friday to go into effect Nov 27 and will ask FPC to con solidate the two requests Connor said the new proposed increase is based on an enlarged capacity of the companys system to 600000000 cubic feet of natur al gas per day to go into effect Nov 20 Northern serves 28 companies which distribute gas in about 230 communities in Kansas Nebras ka Iowa Minnesota and South Dakota FPC allowed the rate increase to go into effect Sept 15 on a temporary basis pending the outcome of the hearings DISCOVERS LOSS LATE DCS Moiucs L Arm strong reported to police Monday that he lost his billfold containing in a downtown drugstore Sunday He said he didnt discov er his loss until he was nearly home AFFIRM CONVICTION Washington The U S court of appeals Mondny affirmed the perjury conviction of John F Maragon who once had white house connections Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Slow clearing Monday night Cooler Monday night Low Monday night 32 Partly cloudy AP Wirephato WHERE ALLIES PUSH INTO NORTH locate points in North Korea where United Nationsforces Monday are continuing their pressure against disorganized North Korean resistance Shattered remnantsof the red army were reported fleeing toward the triangle north of Kanggye North lowan Survives Death March After Reds Kill 68 By DON WHITEHEAD Sunchon North Korea reds massacred at least 68 American prisoners of war Friday night near the Sunchon railway tunnel 10 miles north of here The communist guards led their prisoners from a train into nearby fields under the pretext of taking them to supper Then they machinegunned the Americans Sixtysix men were killed on thespot Two others died during the night o their wounds By some miracle at leasts came running into the tunnel 21 men many of thern wounded lived through the hourlong massacre to tell the story of horror The survivors have been flown to Japan for and warmer Tuesday 60 Tuesday High Iowa Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday Cooler Monday night Warmer Tuesday Low Monday night 30 to 35 in the north 35 to 40 in the south por tion High Tuesday 58 to 64 Winds becoming southerly near 20 M P H Tuesday Further outlook Fair and warmer Wed nesday Thursday mostly cloudy and cooler Minnesota Partly cloudy and cool Monday night Mostly cloudy ex treme north and partly cloudy and warmer south and central portions Tuesday Low Monday night 25 northeast to 35 south west High Tuesday 4045 ex treme north 5056 remainder of state N MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Maximum 46 Minimum 37 At 8 a m 38 Maximum 59 Minimum 39 GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Oct 22 Maximum 77 Minimum 40 At 8 a m 44 YEAR AGO Maximum 45 Minimum 30 SAME Blxck flag mttns IB pkit treatment Equal to Buchenwald The slaughter of the American prisoners was equal to anything I saw in 1945 at Buchenwald the infamous nazi concentration camp The thin emaciated bodies of the men who had been prisoners more than two months were piled in 3 groups along the railroad tracks One heap of 17 lay in a gully hidden by underbrush An other pile of 15 was sprawled in corn field The others lay in a mass grave which the North Ko reans had tried to hide in1 a ditch beside the tracks These men had been shot piled one on the other and then bodies covered with earth Here in the autumntinted hills these American prisoners had come to the end of their death march to the north Followed Up Rumor Some Americans escaped from the train before the reds decided to machinegun their prisoners Those have been making their way south for several days We found 7 of them as our little group set out to investigate a rumor that the reds had massacred a train load of Americans I set out from Sunchon with Brig Gen Frank A Allen of Cleveland Ohio deputy comman der of the 1st cavalry division and Richard Tucker of the Balti more Sun to check on the reported slaughter A South Korean army officer and a civilian led us to the tunnel After a reconnaissance the South Korean officer reported he had found 7 bodies inside the tun nel Died of Starvation We walked up the hill and through the tunnel until we came to the bodius The 7 were laid on crude native mats beside the track Obviously they were vic tims of starvation The flesh had wasted from their bodies The skin was drawn tight on their arms legs and over their ribs Their faces were bony masks There was no sign they had been shot recently although some of them had been wounded prob ably in battle There were no identification tags or marks on them All we found in their pockets was a handful of hard dry crackers Two of the youths were huddled as though for warmth One had his arms protectively about the other Beards were heavy on their faces Four of them were bare foot One still had his GI shoes but the soles were worn through One wore tennis same kind worn by North Koreans For a few moments we be lieved these 7 dead were all there were Then South Korean soldier crying that he had seen 5 Ameri cans on a ridge above the tunnel We ran outside and Genera Allen shouted for the Americans to come now1 they were safe We walked along the tracks and out of the underbrush came a gaunt trembling figure whose face was filled with fear He was Shell Rock Soldier Among the Living Sunchon North Korea An lowan Pfc Raymond Rin dels of Shell Rock was amonsr a group of survivors when Ko rean reds massacred 68 Ameri can soldiers Rindcls who has been evacu ated to Tokyo was among 6 en listed men found by Brig Gen Frank A Allen near the spot where the Americans were ma chinegunned Riudcls was wounded in the side by the machine pun fire He crawled on his hands and knees to hide after the reds had left him and his buddies for dead He is expected to recover from his wounds Pfc JaldorJohn of Milwaukee I ran up to him and he threw his arms about my neck and burst into tears Oh thank God he gasped Thank God Weve been waiting for you guys so long He Played Dead I gave him a cigaret and asked lim what had happened They shot us all he gasped They took us off the train They said we were going to eat chow in a Korean house Then they set us down and began shooting John hung his head and sobbed I played dead and I heard them shooting all around Then he pointed to a gully a few feet away They are in there We walked into the dim shadows of thelittle a scene of horror The thin bodies of 17 men sprawled on the ground On top of the though trying to claw his way to freV the body of a big Negro boy Eyes Tried to Smile For a moment in the shadows it seemed no one was alive Then I saw a youth looking up at me He was propped against the bank among the dead weak and pale His eyes were trying to smile He was Cpl Dale Blake of Hutchin son Minn He said oh God so glad you came Tears coursed iown his checks I didnt think anybody would ever find us Tucker gave him a cigaret and told him to sit quietly and every thing would be all right Then a weak voice came from the bank above us Through the weeds crawled Pvt Ray Hanchey 26000 Red Prisoners Rounded Up All Organized Resistance Ends Enemy Flees North From Wire Services Seoul Korea South Ko forces swept within 50 miles or less of the Manchur an border Monday Shattered remnants of the red Korean army were flee ng frantically toward the mountain triangle north of Kanggye It was there that the red chieftain Kil I Sung carried out his guerrilla war against the Japanese before Russian occupation forces in stalled him as premier of North Korea after World war II Kanggye is about 20 miles from the border in the center of the peninsula 30 Miles a Day Three South Korean divi sions were driving for the Manchurian border to finish the 4month war Observers said the ROKa who can make 30 miles a day in forced marches were ca pable of reaching the Yalu river on the border sometime Tuesday General Mac Arthurs head quarters in Tokyo was non committal A spokesman said that the army had several estimates of when allied troops were expected to reach the Manchurian border On the north of river red China troops guard Manchuria The desperate red Koreans were fleeing northward so fast that they no longer could herd all their allied prisoners along with them Many were escaping to the safety of allied lines All organized North Korean resistance had ceased Moie than 26000 communist pris oners were rounded up in the past 24 hours alone and the last 56000 troops were in full flight The British Commonwealth 27th brigade plunged across the Chong chon at Sinanju astride the west coast highway and railway to the new enemy capital of Sinuiju on the Korean side of the Manchurian border River Hurdled Sinanju is 40 miles north of the old red capital of Pyongyang and miles southeast of the Man churian border Simultaneously a task force of the South Korean 1st division seized a 30mile stretch of the east bank of the Chongchon northeast of Sinanju and hurdled the river at Kujang The South Koreans swept rap idly 12 miles beyond the Chong chon and entered Yongbyon against slight enemy rear guard opposition Yongbyon is 65 miles southeast of the frontier Still another South Korean 1st division task force drove two miles beyond Huichon 25 miles farther up the east bank of the Chong chon and only 50 miles from the Manchurian border It was hot on the heels of the main retreating enemy forces be lieved headed for Kanggye deep in the mountains of northern Ko sea 57 miles north of Huichon The reds are expected to make their final stand if any at Kanggye The British and South Koreans were under orders to try to over take and save hundreds if not thousands of American war pris oners being herded toward the Manchurian frontier by the re treating reds They had specific orders to try to rescue 150 American prisoners who were taken by train from Sunchon 28 miles north of Pyong yang last weekend Fast Pace The hard driving South Korean capital division was pushing up the east coast at a clip rivaling that of the other allied forces to the west U S marine airmen sighted one prong of the capital division north of Cho a transport junction 55 miles northeast of Hamhung and 62 miles from the Manchurian frontier of Wallace N Car he had a leg wound but was not seriously hurt He told the same story as the oth ers They had been taken out of ;