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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 23, 1947, Mason City, Iowa AK9 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ot ARCHIVES i A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION AaodMM Pom uul Pnm full Uotd Wins Crab a Copy MASON CITT IOWA THURSDAY OCTOBER 23 1947 TRUMAN CALLS CONGRESS SESSION BRITISH CLAMP BAN ON BUYING OFUSTOBACCO Also Announce New Cuts in Food Imports Domestic Expenditures London Britain banned tobacco imports from the United States Thursday and announced new cuts in food imports as the government warned that economic collapse would probably mean the end of British democracy The new minister of economic affairs Sir Stafford Cripps re viewing in the house of com mons Britains economic crisis announced at the same time a cut of a year in gov ernment and private expenditures for new homes new factories andnew plant machinery Be predicted an even deeper auster ity for the British people Sir Stafford declared Britain would sacrifice some imperial preference in exchange for tow er U S tariffs The nations new economics boss said the British immediately must decide to im port less from the United States and export more goodsto fend off collapse If our economy and that of Europe should collapse he said our democracy in all probability will collapse too and will disap pear and with it will go the last stronghold of western democratic civilization in Europe Can we discipline ourselves to the task before us or are we going to invite the harsh discipline of events to Impose some tragic so lution upon us We have stopped all purchase of U S tobacco until further de cision the economics minister said This will save about 5000 000 pounds 20000000 on this years allocation and before the tobacco sales start iiext summer we shall be ablHo decide wheth er and how iar we are able to enter the market BRITISH TO QUIT PALESTINE IN 49 Spokesman Says Date Is Very Latest Time London plans to withdraw her troops and adminis tration from March wuu of 1949 at the very latest if the nized and very active TAYLOR THRILLS SMALL FANRobert Tayv actor who stole the spotlight in the Hollywood red probe Wednesday stops to autography comic book for Patti Bor giasz 3 Chicago outside thfevHouse office building in Washington 1 Says Guild Has Small Minority of Reds r i M United Nations fails to settle the Holy Landproblem an authorita tive informant said Monday Britain a week ago served no tice on the United Nations that she would give up her league of nations mandate in the Holy Land but set no date for with drawal The British announcement had said merely that the with drawal would occur lim ited period Britain urged the U N not to delay unduly in reaching a final decision on the future of Pales tine British sources in New York said discussions already were un derway in Lpndon and Jerusalem on the withdrawal and that a tar get date was to be announced lowaYomh 14 Killed by Hit arid Run Driver Webster City hit and run driver was blamed Thursday by Sheriff E R Lear for the death Wednesday evening of By ron Jones 15 Blairsburg farm youthwho was killed while rid ing a bicycle on highway 69 4 miles north of Blairsburg Charles Lentz 14 a neighbor youth who was being ridden to hishome by Byron was injured in the accident which was not discovered until 7 a m Thurs day when a passing trucker from Des Moines noticed the boys lying in a deep ditch near the high way Sheriff Lear said the bicycle evidently was hit from the rear as the boys were Hearing the Lentz home The youths had been to Blairsbuig for hunting licenses and had planned to go duck hunt ing this morning Reveals Communists Are Well Organized Active in Hollywood Washington Rober Montgomery said Thursday tha the Screen Actors guild has ha a very small minority of red members who were well orga The graysuited and handsonu actor told thehouse unAmerican activities committee however tha the guildin 1916 adopted resolution designed to answer that it fostered foreign ideologies Montgomery portrayer of so phisticated and tense psychologi cal roles on the screen was the 1st big name witness on the 4th day of the committees public in vestigation of Hollywood commu nists Two movie Niblo Jr and Richard ceded him They testified that movieland reds smeared and intimidated anyone who op posed them They said the Screen Writers guild had been dominated by communists Montgomery smiling confi dently testified that Hollywood has fringe But 1 dont think any of them are crazy enough to try to inject any communistic propaganda into any picture that I had anything to do with he said Montgomery was SAME Black fltr muni tnHIo death In p U boon and Committee Chairman J Par neU Thomas RN J warned against further when he replied to a question as to what hethought of communism He said I gave up my job to fight the totalitarianism called fascism I am ready to do it again to fight to talitarianism called communism Montgomery was a navy officer during the war Montgomery former president of the Screen Actors guild said he once introduced a resolution against foreign isms but that there was tremendous opposition to the anticommunism and anti fascism clauses He said be did not think he was qualified to answer a question whether he thought an anticom munism law would help Holly wood get rid of reds My personal opinion Mont gomery continued is that it communism is not a political party but a subversive group just like the GermanAmerican bund was He said he assumed that com munists from their actions are agents of a foreign power Montgomery too said he had been the object of character as sassination attempts because of his antired views But that doesnt bother me he said Before leaving the stand Mont gomery was permitted to make this statement I havebeen xvatching via the press and radio the procedure fol lowed by this committee I wanl to correct one impression given by the reporting of this hearing I am sure this was unintentional The impression was that there was a small minority in Hollywood fightingcommunism and fascism The reverse is true The commu nists and fascists constitute small minority AFL ADVOCATES WAGE INCREASES Washington Ameri can Federation of Labor said Thursday unions must seek a tiiird round of postwar wage increases to meet rising prices The statement was made in the APt monthly economic survey It was thefirsttime the AFL has taken this position although sev eral CIO leaders have already said that a third round of pay oosts in 194g would be necessary to meet the high cost of living The AFL publication said higher rices and the food shortage in Surope must be met by volun ary measures It opposes re vival of price controls wage reezes and rationing as abhor rent and unworkable It also urged industry to ex plain to workers and the public what it intends to do with 1947 profits estimated at 000 The AFL said that prices this rear in most cases have been aised more than enough to off et wage increases as shown by lie high and rising level of prof ts SLAP CURB ON SHIPMENTS OF MALT ABROAD Move Is Step in Plan to Channel More Grain to Western Europeans By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The commerce department said Thursday that controls will be restored Friday on shipments of malt abroad The move is a step in the gov ernment program to channel more grain to Europe in its foodsaving campaign Shipments of malt in transi on docks in box cars or in ship before Friday will not be affectei On shipments not yet started license will be required to shi malt out of the country beginnin Friday Poultry was off the men Thursday in homes and restau rants which have joined in th governments emergency food con servation program as the citi zens food committee delayed a de cision to eliminate poultryles Thursdays The committee also was con fronted with another major prob lem in its campaign to save grain as AFL distillery workers mad a new demand to consider posl ponement of the proposed 60 da shutdown of the distilling Indus try Charles Luckman chairman o the citizens food committee di not indicate when a final decision on the 2 matters would be given It was reported however n change is planned at present in the liqiicr holiday which is sched uled to start at midnight Satur day Luckman in a broadcast Wed nesday to mayors of cities all ove the country asked therSlto set up local conservation committees H urged full cooperation by agri culture industry and the con sumer in the campaign to sav 100000000 bushels of grain fo western Europe The AFL Distillery Workers union claims from 10000 to 12000 of its members will be made die by the liquor holiday Near the end of the first hour of trading on the Chicago boarc f trade wheat was 1 cent lower to H higher December touching a new 30 year high of Corn was i to i cent lower December and oats were J to t lower 3ecember Hogs were generally 25 cents ligher at Chicago and St Joseph Mo and steady elsewhere Cattle irices were steady to strong in Chicago and lambs higher The wholesale meat trade continued slow in Chicago and New York Wholesale butter prices were mixed and wholesale eggs were teafly in New York and Chicago Meanwhile the Associated Press ndex of wholesale prices of 35 ornmodities advanced Wednes day to 19985 to set a new alltime jeak It was the seventh consecu Jve day gains were shown and he mark was nearly double the 00 average price paid for the ommodities in 1926 the base ear A year ago the index was 5553 The rise was the result of gains 1 wholesale prices of wheat cat e lambs rye cotton wool cotton loth flour lard scrap steel rub er and cocoa December wheat it a new 30 year high of 5311J t Chicago On the downward side Wednes ay were hogs corn oats and but er Good and choice butcher hogs veighing 180 to 300 pounds lowed a drop of a hundred pounds in Chicago since inaugur tion of the first meatless Tuesday n Oct 6 There has been a steady ecline in hogs in all major livc ocfc markets In a move to save grain the griculture department recom iended a reduction of the spring ig crop from 53000000 head in 947 to 50000000 head in 1948 Haircuts in Charles City Shops Charles of the immunity started paying for aircuts here Thursday Barbers id the action was necessary due the increase in the cost of liv 5 It was a jump of 25 cents AP Wlrephoto NEVER TOO Wilson Montee who claims to oldest licensed pilot in U S celebrated his 85th birthday Wednesday afternoon by taking 4 generations of his family for an airplane ride at Los Angeles Ready for the ride are his daughter Mrs Paul Copass 36 his granddaughter Dianne Copass 5 and his great grandson Kenneth Hyler 2 Montee learned to fly when he was 60 has flown 32 types ofaircraft and has logged 3000hours in the air U S Charges Warmonger Drive Attacks Our Principles Delegate Austin Asks Soviet Proposal Be Suppressed in Assembly Lake Success United states charged Thursday that Russias cam paign is a police state measure designed to shackle the minds if the American people and gag heft leaders U S Delegate Warren R Aus in declared that the Soviet res olution ou warmongers was a direct attack on the policies and principles of the United States of America and demanded that the loviet proposal be absolutely uppressed The road of restraint by edict eads directly to the establishment if censorship and a police state Austin declared The United States does not intend to support ny steps along that The Soviet resolution Austin aid would put shackles on the irain of a man as well as a gag n his mouth Austin spoke before the 57 nember political committee of the Jnited Nations assembly after 3rigGen Carlos P Romulo of Philippines had called the soviet measure hydraheaded monster inspired by an angry and spiteful mo ve Austin replied to Wednesdays Hack by Andrei Y Vishinsky oviet chief delegate against for mer Secretary of State James F iyrnes by saying that Vishinsky ad given a grossly distorted dea of Byrnes beliefs The danger of investing magis rates with autocratic power of eciding what is war propaganda illustrated by Mr Vishinskys ttacfc onMr Justice Byrnes Austin declared If he had the power to jail Mr ustice Byrnes no doubt he would o that In any case he wants to ag him and others like him ustin said This most fundamental free free is ecessary for the maintenance of ood government would wither the presence of the power of en to put shackles on the minds and tapes on the lips of such great statesmen as James F Byrnes Austin assailed the Soviet res olution as a violation of the United Nations charter and declared It seeks to nullify and make mean ingless our pledge to respect hu man rights and fundamental free doms He departed from his prepared text to defend John Foster Dulles a U S delegate to the assembly who was named by Vishinsky las month as a warmonger you want men such as Byrnes and Dulles gagged in your country Austin asked the 57 na tional delegations who listened attentively around the huge oval committee table 2 CzechAmerican Scientists Awarded Nobel Medicine Prize Stockholm Nobel prize in medicine for 1947 has been awarded jointly to 2 CzechAmer ican scientists Dr Carl F Cari and Gerty Cari of Washington University St Louis Mo and to Dr B A Houssay of Buenos Aires it was announced here Thursday LOOK INS IDE Senator Taft Expected to Toss Hat Into GOP Ring See page 2 J C Plays Estherville in Final Home Contest See page 19 attle TB Increases as Testing Program Lags See page 22 Wfason City Guard Units Need 100 Men See page 23 Family of 8 Lives In County Jail While Hunting Real Home Kenosha Wis Lillian Shnow looked out through the ars of her window Thursday and aid she wished her family could nd a real home Shes tired of living in the Ken sha county jail Mrs Ehnow 29 er husband Ervin 37 and 6 of heir 8 children have lived in the ail since last January They avent been able to find a place nee their previous house was old County authorities told them they could stay in the jail as long as necessary I hope it wont be much lon ger Mrs Ehnow said It wasnt too bad living here when the kids could play in the jail yard but the officials here stopped that They said it didnt look right for the kids to be playing on the jail lawn I suppose they were right but its hard to entertain the children all day She said her husband had been trying desperately to find them a home He spends almost all of his spare tune looking for one she said The Ehnows youngest child 5 monthold Dickie has never known any other home but the jail Hes about the luckiest one though Mrs Ehnow said as she tucked him into one of the fami lys army cots for a nap He doesnt know too much about what goes on The two oldest Ehnow children Esther 10 and Patsy 9 live with their grandmother The 6 who have become accustomed to bars across their windows besides Dickie are Eleanor 8 Ervin Jr 7 Mildred 4 James 3 and Eddie 19 months Ehnow works in the Nash auto mobile factory He said he was offered a 5room flat recentlyNbut just couldnt afford it Legislators to Discuss Special Call A logical opportunity for a de cision on calling a special session of the state legislature will be pre sented to Gov Robert D Blue by Nov 8 it was indicated here Thursday by W H Nicholas Cern Gordo county representative in the state legislature First term republicans in the 1947 house of representatives members of the 52 Club havi been called to a meeting at thi statehouse in DCS Moincs on thi afternoon of Nov 8 by Nicholas as chairman of the club In Ottumwa Mrs Edna C Lawrence representative from Wapello county and secretary o the club revealed that she has sent letters to rnembers o the club asking opinions whether there should be a special session and exexamination of the 101 per cent collection of state income tax as voted at the legislative ses sion last spring Mrs Lawrence was reported to have said in her letters that she would report the opinions ex pressed to Gov Blue who has th responsibility of calling a specia session if there is one Principal business of the club Nov 8 will be a memorial service for State Rep John W Gannawaj of Grinncil who died since the last session The club is a socia organization only but Nicholas said the meeting he called un doubtedly will discuss thoroughly the possibility of a special session income tax reduction and the community property act Nicholas unsuccessfully p r o posed the community property ac in the 1947 session It would per mit husband and wife to lump their income and each pay fed eral income tax on half of it Nicholas said at the time he made the proposal that it would save married lowans about each year Rain and Cooler Weather in Iowa Des Moines and cool er weather spread across Iowa Thursday to end temporarily at least the states Indian summer Thunderstorms and rain show ers were reported in western Iowa Thursday morning and the weath er bureau forecast rain for the entire state by Thursday night Top temperature Thursday was expected to be 65 degrees in the southeast compared with Wednes days high of 85 at Oskaloosa The ow Wednesday night was 43 a1 Spencer Pioneer of Cerro Gordo County Dies Nora services were incomplete Thursday for Mrs Frank A Krause 80 pioneer of Cerro Gordo county who died at her farm home in Portland ownship at p m Wednes day She suffered a stroke Sept 2 and had failed steadily since Mrs Krause had lived on the same farm 55 years She and her husband observed their 57th wedding anniversary last May 15 Besides her husband she is sur vived by the following children Elmer W Krause of Mason City chairman of the Cerro Gordo county AAA Mrs Arthur Mc Arthur San Antonio Texas Mrs Curtis Mendelson New York City and Mrs Hugh Hughes who lives 4 miles east of Mason City Mrs Krause was born Elizabeth Freese March 29 1867 in Jeffer on county Wisconsin and came o Iowa when a young girl Her Darents were Mr and Mrs Wil iam Freese EXTRA MEETING ON EUROPE AID SET FOR NOV 17 President Explains Situation Too Grave to Wait Until January BULLETIN Washington President Truman Thursday called con gress back into session Nov 17 to consider the rising price sit uation and the European eco nomic plight Announcing his action he told a news confer ence the crisis in Europe is so grave that he could not wait until January to seek legisla tion Congress is regularly scheduled to meet in January Mr Truman said he had made the same announcement giving the same reasons to congres sional leaders at a conference immediately preceding bis meeting with news reporters Washington Taft ROhio said Thursday the re sponsibility for calling a special session of congress on European aid rests entirely upon President Truman The senate majority leader who is expected to become an ac tive contender for the republican presidential nomination Friday made his statement shortly be fore joining other key congres sional leaders at a white house conference with Mr Truman Its his responsibility Taft toid a news conference If he says there ought to be one a spe cial that ends it If a special session is called Taft said he does not expect it before December 1 He summoned reporters after Mr Truman had canvassed the situation with his cabinet at a 2 hour and 35 minute session which laid the groundwork for the af ternoon congressional conference The cabinet members declined comment after their meeting High government officials indi cated the chief executive had 2 alternative courses to follow at the extraordinary white house conference 1 He could suggest a special session of congress in December 0 appropriate funds to tide over such hard pressed nations as Trance and Italy until next years regular session has time to act on he longrange Marshall plan for European recovery 2 Or he could propose that the government proceed to use at nce some funds not originally in ended for European assistance jut which might legally be divert ed to that purpose In this connection it was learned that lawyers of the state agri ulture and treasury departments lad decided informally this week that commodity credit corporation Blight be used on a short erm basis to send food to Europe The commodity credit corpora ion is the governments farm price support agency and in that role buys and sells agricultural products There was no definite advance ndication as to which course if either the president actually would recommend MRS FRANK A KRATJSE Bees are ofteft more important farmers as pollinaters than as oney gatherers Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Showers Thursday night ending Friday Continued rather cool Low Thursday night near 40 High Friday about 50 owa Cloudy and rather windy and much cooler Thursday showers overspreading east portion Thursday night show ers ending Friday continued cooler Thursday night and Fri day generally fair with slowly rising temperatures Saturday and Sunday Temperatures Fri day will range from average lows of 40 to average highs of 50 north and 50 to 58 south on Saturday from 40 to 55 north and from 45 to 60 south Minnesota Mostly cloudy and continued cool Thursday night and Friday Rain in south spreading to north portion Thursday night and mixed with some sleet or snow ex treme in north portion Precipi tation ending Friday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics or 24 hour period ending at 8 clock Thursday morning Maximum 86 Minimum 48 At 8 a rn Thursday 51 YEAR AGO Maximum 68 Minimum 42 ;