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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 21, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP E P A S T to r N T 0 f I S f 0 3 Y A K 0 A C H I V MO I KC S I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY OCTOBER 21 1944 NO 11 GIs Little Excited Over Casting Votes By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 48 In a Pacing Clipper Over the you think that the forthcoming presidential election is the one thing uppermost in the minds of the av erage American fighting boy in the European theater of the w a r youre about as wrong as you could possibly be While this question is fre quently d i s cussed by these kds in their tents barracks foxholes and ships theres another matter 10 times as important to every son of them THATS GETTING BACK HOME AT THE EARLIEST POS SIBLE MOMENT AND FINDING A GOOD JOB Ive talked to them in England Ive talked to them in Scotland Ive talked to them in Normandy and Ivc talked to them in Paris Not 1 of the hundreds if not thou sands Ive met up with put the election first in his field of special interest How large a percentage of these fighting men in the European area will vote I couldnt guess with any degree of accuracy It will be somewhat higher among officers than among enlisted men but it isnt going to be high in either cate less than 40 per cent 1 would say There is of course a wide vari ety of state laws governing voting by service men Iowa Im glad to report is one of the states most generous in the bestowal of suf frage privileges Generally speaking the voting is going to be heaviest among those from states which permit those es or office ballots to the TANKS SMASH INLAND IN LEYTE Fear Fire May Reach 120 sS is sj send boys unsolicited It will be lightest among those from the deep southern states xvhere there is reluctance to relax election laws because of the fear that colored boys will be accorded the voting privilege which has been denied them back home This Utter I can report from repeated observation Is deeply re sented by many of the Negro lads On their return theyre not gain to be so passive in this denial of a right of citizenship as they have ocen in the past Nearly every boy with whom I discussed the matter expressed satisfaction that he was going to be able to vote on local and state offices as well as for national of fices as would have beenthe case under the federal vote plan Its against the law to take a poll among service men I didnt break the law But I did do some observing of trends as did also my Fred Christopherson editor of the Sioux Falls S Dak ArgusLeader Both of us drew the conclusion tliat among the enlisted men the service mens vote would be di vided about 6040 in favor of President Roosevelt and that among officers it would be an al most 5050 split For some reason which I cant explain the commanderinchief argument for the presidents re election seemed to possess a much greater potency among the G Is than among those with bars birds leaves and stars on their shoul ders In one respect our fighting men have revealed themselves to be en tirely human Given the right to vote they arent greatly excited about it Maybe itwould be a little bit too much theyre in its almost that But when a few months ago there was some question about whether voting privileges would be extended to them they really were up in arms Im told So it was too when the government showed a disposition to deny them the right lo read British newspapers Now that issue also is water over the dam A poll of British opinion on our presidential election wouldnt be hard to take As a matter of fact 1 think Ive already taken it and its 99 to 1 for Roosevelts reelec tion Dozens have put their opin ion to me this way in effect It might be an open question if I lived in America In fact I think I would vote for Dewey But I dont live in America I live in England And I know that Frank lin D Roosevelt has been a good president FOR US Hes given us leaselend thats the way its spoken here and hes given us lots of other things Why shouldnt we be for him 100 per cent The Churchill political philoso phy of course is much more like Deweys than it is like Hoose velts Incidentally the skids seem to be greased to replace him with a or Mor soon as the war is won BUSTS SPREAD BLAZE QUICKLY AT CLEVELAND Police Hunt Victims in Smouldering Acres Left by Roaring Flames BULLETIN Cleveland are the latest available official statis tics on the Cleveland fire Known dead 70 Missing 168 Injured in hospitals 235 Homes destroyed 250 Homeless 3600 Devastated area Onehalf square mile War plants idle Four Cleveland smoulder ing acres of charred wood and twisted of Cleve lands most devastating fire in its 148 year old the death tomb of 61 known dead Sat urday while police reported that 69 persons were missing and in dicated the toll would exceed 120 Police officials said that many of the reported missing persons were presumed to be among the unidentified dead Detective Lieutenant Martin Cooney head of the police depart ment homicide squad said he be lieved that more than 100 persons were trapped in the 50block east side area which was burned out by roaring flames Police raked through acres of charred wood and twisted steel in search of victims in the East Ohio gas plant explosion Fortysix bodies many them children were at the county morgue Mostof these victims po lice said were recovered from the fringes of the Cre area Bodies of other victims were reported still at the scene Cooney said he expected the death toll to rise rapidly as soon as firemen were able to probe among the ruins of the gas com pany plant where an explosion of a storage tank Friday afternoon started the holocaust The initial blast was followed by 5 other major explosions which kept fire sweeping across the area in all directions to nearby build ings and homes Unofficial esti mates placed the damage at near ly At least 200 were injured and all hospitals in the city were jammed Coroner Samuel Gerber said he expected additional deaths due to injuries Authorities dis cussed converting the central arm ory in downtown Cleveland into an emergency morgue Reminiscent of the Cleveland clinic blaze which snuffed out 124 FIRE LIGHTS UP GAS from the ruins of a storage tank in the fore ground illuminated 2 liquid gas cylinders near the area where spreading fire Friday night drove families from their homes and sent several hundred to hospitals in Cleveland As sociated Press wirephoto Kayenay engraving Serbs arid Reds Push Drives Toward Zagreb and Budapest London reported Saturday that massive Russian armored columns had smashed 20 miles into East Prussia and reached a road due south of Gumbimien a town only 16 miles from the luster bur rail and highway hub Moscow Titos Yugoslav partisans freed for new actions by the capture of their capital Belgrade joined with the red army Saturday in drives the Croatian puppet seat of Zagreb and Budapest the strife torn Hungarian capital Zagreb lies 225 miles north west of Belgrade in the Sava river valley Budapest is on the Danube 19D miles north of Bet grade East and southeast of Budapest other Russian forces supple mented by Romanian units rumbled up 3 main highways leading to the Hungarian capital but they encountered stiff re sistance from large German tank and antitank forces beyond the Tisza river The number of German cap tives seized in the liberation Belgrade swelled toward 10000 as lives in 1929 the fire raged out of control for 9 hours before it was brought virtually under control at midnight Mayor Frank J Lausche or dered continued evacuation of all homes and buildings on the fringe of the area as a precautionary measure Approximately 165 buildings were located in the area includ ing private homes and apartment houses Virtually all of these struc tures were razed Unofficial estimates of the home less ranged from 1500 to 3600 At least 700 persons were being cared for by Red Cross workers in junior high school Hundreds of others found refuge in homes of relatives or friends in other parts of the city Still others were housed in churches and improvised shel ters Many of the bodies were charred beyond recognition Firemen found an unidentified legless man burned to death in a private home near the East Ohio plant with the bodies of 4 small children lying on the floor around a bed that had been turned into pyre The fire area was patrolled by Ohio national guardsmen and coast guardsmen Covers were re my troops were seized along the Danube and Sava where they had run in desperation before the wildly celebrating troops of Tito A great amount of German equipment including tanks and selfpropelled guns fell to the conquering YugoslavRussian arm ies after nearly a week of fiery street fighting in the city Seared by nearly a week of fiery street fighting Belgrade fi nally was purged Friday of the last nests of German resistance by the combined effortsof Yugoslav veterans and soviet forces under Gen Feodor I Toibukhin Meanwhile Marshal Stalinalso has announced the Cash Balance for Iowa Des Mojnes stateof lownhada balance of oh Sept 30 the joint quarterly financial statement of State Treasurer John M Grimes and State Comptroller C Fred Porter showed Saturday The statement reflected a drop of 5367146662 under the balance last June 30 800 NAZIS GIVE UPINAACHENAS FIGHTING ENDS Canadians Push 3 Pronged Offensive in Drives Above Antwerp London JP Eight hundred Gevman troops the last defenders of wasted Aachen surrendered un conditionally at noon Saturday and all resistance ended inside and in the suburbs of the first big German city to fall to American arms Two thousand prisoners already had been taken by first army men who captured the medieval city 40 miles from Cologne Despite Hitlers orders to resist to death the 800 enemy troops surrendered when Lt Gen Court ney Hodges doughboys pressed them into hopeless traps at the fringe after taking the center of the city Seventy miles to the northwest theCanadian first army pushed a threepronged offensive 4 miles nearer the German strongholds of Roosendaal and Breda in battle carrying over rainsoaked fields above Antwerp British infantry and Canadian tanks entered the roadjunction ot Wuestwezel IS miles nortli of Antwerp on the AntwerpBreda highway and sent patrols probing out a mile or 2 northwest of the town Two other columns in twin drives up the roads to Roosendaal seized Calmpthout and ueared the Roosendaal canal British Closing In on Lamia 100 Miles Northwest of Athens Rome patrols are closing in on the Greek town of Lamia about 100 miles northwest of Athens allied headquarters an nounced Saturday German troops are believed to have withdrawn Irom the town It is 65 miles beyond Thebes which allied troops were reported Friday to have occupied Lamia is at the head of the Gulf of Lamia and beyond the historic Thermopulae pass where the Brit ish fought a grim covering action for allied troops evacuating Greece after withdrawal from the Mounl Olympus sector early in 1941 Nazis Hint Russians Will Invade Norway London Berlin radio hinted Saturday night that the Russians soon would strike in an invasion of Norway Col Ernst von Hammer military commenta tor for the nazi propaganda agency Transocean said the Soviets are concentrating rein forcements in the NorwegianFin nish border region moved from manholes several persons were because injured when underground gas exploded tossing the lids high into the air An underground gas main on St Ciair ave on the south side of the fire area exploded at the height of the blaze sucking a fire engine into a gaping hole The tanks which exploded con tained frozen liquid gas which after exploding squirted sheets of a conquest that broke the back ot Burbank Cal Burch am 41 chief test pilot for Lock mopped up every corner of the Hungary after prolonged and fu heed Aircraft corporation and broken city digging storm troops nous armored battle estimated to his barnstorming days one of the from cellars and attics of blasted have cost the Germans and Rus countrys best known stunt flyers buildings Large numbers of ene sians a total of 1000 tanks North DENMARK f Sea GERMANY Trieste Milan PoR Turin This the 2nd phase of the battle Id win use of Antwerp port as a supply base The first phase was drawing to an end west of Antwerp with Cana dians steadily closing in on the German pocket around Breskens below the Schelrie estuary In eastern Holland U S forces pushed within 4000 yards of a German communications strong point near the Maas river British troops meanwhile consolidated po sitions southeast of Venray on the Dutch battlefront German communications farther south were crippled when Thun derbolts operating with the U S 3rd army bombed and breached the Dieuze dam 25 miles northeast of Nancy flooding the town of Dieuze and the surrounding coun tryside with a spreading shallow lake which covered the railroad and highways with 2 feet of water Above Anlxverp meanwhile Ca nadian troops had advanced about 5 miles in their new northward of fensive Late reports placed them miles southeast of the Dutch town of Bergen Op Zoom and its excellent harbor midway between Antwerp and Rotterdam The offensive which jumped off Friday morning was another phase in allied strategy to set up Antwerp as the supply port for the western front Other Canadian forces are fighting to clear the entrance to the Schelde estuary Icading to the inland port A German broadcast declared that the all embracing war has only found its beginning in the battle of Aachen and once again threatened that secret weapons still to be put into use will prove that the battle was the mere be ginning of rivers of American and British blood MOSCOW PRESS LAUDS PARLEY Progress Is Made by Churchill andStalin Moscow press gave the ChurchillStalin negotia tions profuse praise Saturday vividly mirroring the good which official Russia believes resulted from the long numerous and friendly discussions of the 2 lead ers Editorials said differences still existed between Great Britain and the soviet union on certain Euro pean questions but asserted the road appeared clear toward fram ing a firm hard peace A joint communique summing up the 10 day meeting was issued Saturday morning It said the 2 leaders made important progress toward settlingthe Polish dispute reached an agreement on remain ing points in the Bulgarian arm istice terms and that their govern ments have decided to pursue a joint policy in Yugoslavia Mili tary plans for the war also were revived Agreements at the conference were said to have the full approval of the United States government represented by Ambassador W Averell Harriman Moscows morning press and radio gave smash play to the prime ministers departure and Stalin seeing him off at the Moscow air port The papers printed an Scol umn front page photograph It was learned that both Churchill and Stalin expressed re gret that President Roosevelt was unable to attend Before leaving Moscow Thursday the British prime minister said he thought it would be an excellent idea for the 3 to get together again as they did YANKS FLAME THROWERS HIT JAP FOXHOLES 2 Airfields May Be in U S Hands Americans Cry Remember Bataan General MacArlhurs Headquar ters Leyte UR The biggest American invasion army of the Pacific war attacking behind lanks and flame throwers with the cry of remember Bataan seized the r6ad junction of Dulag and pcssibly 2 airfields on the east coast of Leyte Saturday against stiffening Japanese resistance At the northern end of Leyte 6th army forces were stormin the defenses of Tacloban capita of Leyte and 350 mites southeast of Manila Unconfirmed reports fil tering through from the front said troops had captured Tacloban air field on a peninsula 3 miles across a bay from the city A Mutual broadcast from Leyte said Tacloban airfield was in American hands Doughboys thrusting inland from the central beachhead seized Dulag 20 miles south Tacloban There was no word on the fate of Dulag airfield which was bombed i e a v i 1 y by American carrier planes on invasion day but the lightness of initial opposition in the area indicated that it too may have been overrun Occupation of the 2 airfields in the central Philippines would en able landbased fighters to aug ment carrierborne planes in con stant patrols over the fighting area and would bring the entire Philippines within easy range of army bombers Tacloban airfield has sevegil 6000foot runways at Teheran DOWN 18 PLANES IN AIR DOGFIGHTS Allied Planes Blast Gap in Dieuze Dam London German planes were shot down in 2 dog fights over Cologne and Coblen Friday by U S 91h air force fight A communique ac knowledged for the first time that American troops which it was saidwere drawn from 7th marine corps had landed on Ley te The communique said the Jap anese were cutting deep into the American beachheads but acknowledged that the invaders were headed toward The attacking doughboys were digging the Japanese their foxholes with bayonets and blast ing their strong points with fire shells bullets and grenades spurred by the knowledge that their opponents were from the hated 15th Japanese division which tortured their buddies of Bataan during the notorious march of death 2Vi years ago Swarms carrier bombers and fighters roared out ahead of the advancing troops strafing every possible target while the big guns of the American battleships Cali fornia and damag ed in the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor and other warships hurled thousands of tons of shells deep inland Japanese resistance was in creasing as the enemy recovered from the initial shock ot the as sault but nowhere was it suf ficient to stem the tidal wave of American troops and machines en veloping the island Gen Douglas MacArthur personally command ing the attack estimated the en emy garrison at little more than a division 15000 men whereas the invading force was placed at 100000 to 250000 Reinforcements of men and supplies continued to flow ashore erbombers Divebombers claimed 23 rail in a steady stream as forces consolidated their ground bridge heads and struck inland MacAr thur told correspondents that the flames as high as 1000 feet One WHERE ALLIES COMPRESS indicate where allied forces are driving witness said the flames killed wth the greatest success against Hitlers shaky defense lines Heavy shaded lines are birds in flight I battlefronts GAS COUPONS STOLEN Cxeston of Police William Hiatt said ration coupons equivalent to 1600 gallons ot gas oline were stolen Friday in one of 2 service station burglaries Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Saturday night and Sunday cooler Saturday night Lowest temperature Sun day morning 28 to 32 at Mason City Iowa Fair Saturday night and Sunday change Minnesota Little temperature Fair Saturday night and Sunday warmer west and north portions Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 58 Minimum Friday night 38 At 8 a m Saturday 38 YEAR AGO Maximum 68 Minimum 51 road cars destroyed or damaged 15 locomotives disabled 2 barges sunk and 21 trucks shot up More than 1100 sorties were flown Friday by continentbased American and RAF planes Nine American and 2 British fighters are missing One group of Thunderbolts blew a deep gap in a dam at Dieuze 25 miles east of Nancy The 800foot earthen dam was attacked by 24 Thunderbolts Each Plane carried 2 1000pound bombs and 6 direct hits were scored making a breach at least 50 feet wide in the west end of the old structure which is 50 feet thick 20 feet high and impounded a lake of 1500 acres Aerial photographs made 2 hours later showed water spread ing across the countryside to a depth of 2 feet or more as far as Dieuze enemy supply center 2 miles to the east The attackwas made through intense flak but no planes were lost in that operation Planes of the 19th tactical air force flew more than 240 sorties and destroyed 10 locomotives 57 freight cars and 23 trucks Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy WHERE YANKS rows indicate American landing points in the invasion of the central Philippines Two forces went ashore on Leyte island be tween Tacloban and Dulag Oth ers landed on Homonhon Dlna gat and JPanaon Purdue Iowa FINAL FINAL Great1 Lakes Ohio State 1234 FINAL Navy Georgia Tech FINAL Notre Dame Wisconsin Z 3 4 FINAL Illinois 19 Bi ;