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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 21, 1942, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF COilP NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIREs HOME EDITION mnri U MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 21 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 10 ALLIED OFFENSIVE of Stalingrad as Rains Bog Nazi Supplies mm BILL ON MANPOWER TO BE GIVEN F R Army Against Plan to Release Older Men for Jobs in industry WASHINGTON War Man power Director Paul V McNutt announced Wednesday he would present a national service bill to President Roosevelt within two weeks as the army indicated dis approval of proposals revealed by the president to release older men to take jobs in industry as a means of easing the labor short age McNutt told the senate mili tary committee that the man power problem was becoming loo complex for effective vol untary action and that acute shortages of all types of male labor existed in 40 major war production centers Robert P Patterson undersec retary of war issued a statement saying the army would release 4000 miners in an attempt to re lieve a shortage of copper lead zinc molybdenum tungsten and other critical materials which was holding back war production but saw no need at this time lor fur loughing other troops Tuesday Mr Roosevelt said that a number of soldiers 3ij and older probably would be released by the army to take jobs in mu nitions factories but Undersec retary Patterson said of these men the stortagerof metals that endangers our war program The army sees no need at this time for furloughing other troops in similar manner The job ofour soldiers Is lo fight not to work in mines mills or factories An exception is being made in this case only because the striking power of our army is at slake McNutt told the senate military affairs committee that a WMC managementlabor policy com mittee is now drafting the legis lation He said the committee does not believe that a law should be adopted by congress until all indirect means avail able for mobilizing manpower are exhausted Womanpower will be required to solve the manpower problem he added because 5000000 workers must enter the labor force by the end of 1943 if the goal of 62500000 persons in employment and in the armed forces is to be realized and most of the newcomers will have to be women McNutt said national service legislation must do more than grant sweeping authority to the president He listed these as the three essential powcrs that must be provided 1 Authority o require employ ers in any area to hire ail workers through a central agency the U S employment service or through other central hiring sys tems such as union hiring halls if they meet specified standards 2 Authority to control methods of labor utilization preventing transfer of workers from a plant where they are needed to one where the demand is caused solely by improper utilization of labor or a desire to hoard work ers 3 Authority to compel Individ uals to remain on the job or to transfer to another Each of the bills now before the committee fails to meet one or more of these basic requirements of national service legislation McNutt said The power to keep men on jobs he added or to send them to jobs should not be permitted to be the instrument for under cutting established wage stand ards On the other hand no indi vidual can be promised lhal the poxvcr of assignment will not re quire him to make sacrifices Asserting that the compulsory aspect of national service legisla The power of compulsion is in of any further essence a protection to the gea eaT v tW St cncountercd majority who act voluntarily atly thls month They must be made to feel that PUSH BACK JAPS when they act voluntarily the IN NEW GUINEA government approves the action sacrifice cooperate Thus their will not be jeopardized Jap Dead on Guadalcanal Convention of Creamery Men Push Nazis Back 1FPI 4RK RFIK Hmvi T iv QQ ULULflllLO IlLUO BLEEDING NAZI ARMY TO DEATH 1lar are sprawled in the foreground and at left as U S marines in the background clean up after the furious battle of Tenaru river scene of some of the eivi thC JaiS fnm tbeir in he S phase of the the Solomons Associated Press photo from U S marines U S Bombers Slug Jap Bases FIRE SPREADS From Aleutians to Solomons IN Stall Nippon Force Against Guadalcanal By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Allied domination of the skies in the vast Pacific battle front ap peared growing mightier Wednes day as American bombers slugged Japanese invasion bases from the Aleutians to the Solomons The fury of the allied bomb ing of enemy troops and supply concentrations in the Solomons seemed thus far to have stalled at least temporarily the full force of a Japanese thrust to retake he Americanheld Guadalcanal airbase and win control of the southwest Pa cific While a large force nf Japa nese warships and auxiliary ves sels in the Solomons and rein forced enemy troops on north western Guadalcanal still held an expected attack in leash United States bombers dropped explo sives on the embattled islands invaders on Oct 18 and 19 and started fires at the Japanese Re kata bay base on Santa Isabel island 150 miles to the northwest At that same time Gen Doug las MacArthurs Australian com mand reported Tuesday night al lied bcmbers were believed to have inflicted extensive damags on the Japanese airdrome and shipping at Buin Bougainvilie island about 315 miles northwest of Guadalcanal All allied planes meeting no attempts at interception re turned safely from the Buin night raid the communique said The navys report Tuesday of the latest American assaults in the Solomons and Aleutians made no mention of any enemy planes rising o countcraHack Possibility that the southwest ern Pacific skies may soon become a hornets nest of allied planes was seen Tuesday in an assertion by Secretary of the Navy Knox in Washington that the number of navy landbased planes was steadily increasing In the north Pacific the navy announced that on Oct 18 the armys heavy fourmotored liber ator bombers smashed again at the island of Kiska the last of three Aleutian bases once held by the Japanese Twelve tons of bombs were on enemy shore installa and on a beached ship in the r The explosives set fires in camp area The communique Meantime MacArthurs to the allied Port Moresby base in New Guinea by pushing the enemy back three miles in Stanley fritfun tains The expected Japanese assault to recapture Guadalcanal airfield from which the American aerial attacks evidently arc being launched appeared still to be forming although the navy de clared the enemy had not landed additional reinforcements on the island since Oct 15 Presence of U S warships in the Solomons was disclosed by tho navy two days ago and for the last several days American bombers and fighter planes have maintained steady attacks on Japanese shipping supply dumps and troops REPORT 100 DIE IN RAF BOMBING Vichy Lists 350 at Lonent as Injured VICHY Unoccupied France IP on the Germanoccu pied south coast Brittany was bombed Wednesday by the RAF ind French sources said more than 100 persons were killed and 350 injured Young Father Admits Crimes in 6 States MINNEAPOLIS Williams Henncpin county attor ney said Wednesday Richard King 22 ot Deer Creek Minn father of two children had admit ted a crime career extending into six northwest states and had named three accomplices A charge of robbery was being pre pared against King Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Somewhat cooler Wednesday afternoon Thursday forenoon IOWA Somewhat cooler Wednes day night continued cool Thurs day forenoon MINNESOTA Somewhat cooler southeast portion Wednesday night continued coo Thurs day afternoon snow flurries light rain and south portion Wednesday afternoon and scat tered light showers northwest portion late Wednesday night and east and south portions Thursday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 77 Minimum Tuesday night 37 At 8 a m Wednesday 37 66 SI 02 AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation Reaches Edge of Prison Camp SANTA MONICA Cal wildlyflaming brush fire had ad vanced to the edge ol a county prison road camp in the Santa Monica mountains Wednesday morning a sheriffs deputy re ported and hasty preparations were being made to evacuate the GO inmates and dozen or so attend ants A crimy force of soldiers coast juarasmcn and civilians were striving with scant success to check the flames which already had denuded an estimated 8000 acres much of it valuable water shed So for all the scores of preten tious homes dotting the region in which the fashionable Malibu beach film colony is located had escaped the flames but through the night many of the household ers sat sleepless ready to evacu ate with such belongings as they could take should adverse weather conditions send the fire front rac ing nearer their properties Laval Has 11 Days to Line Up Workers BERN Switzerland entered Wednesday her most criti cal period since she signed the 1940 armistice the 11 days re niaining to Pierre Laval befon he is expected to try compulsioi to send protesting workers German war factories into The period to Nov 1 private advices from unoccupied France iiri said represents the extension of hVfo time set by Berlin for fulfillment Detolc of its labor demands for 15000C volunteer workers It also is the period informed French observer said they be lieved which will demonstrate whether Laval could hope lo cling lo his position as chief of government in the face of per sistent although thus far scat tered opposition These observers who would not permit their names to be used said that popularresentment ovci work conscription increasing agi miral Jean Darlan commander in RITES TO BE THURSDAY OAKDALE serv ices will be held at 11 a m Thurs day for Dr John H Peck super intendent of the state tuberculosi sanitarium night who died Sunday U Here Largest in 33 Years Discussions Center on Maintenance of Butter Plants in Wartime The largest convention in the J year history of the lown Creamery Operators association being held here jointly with the Iowa Association of Local Cream eries and the Iowa Creamery Ent er Manufacturers association drew to a close Wednesday after noon Store than 400 persons at tended the Tuesday evening session and Prof A Rud nick Ames convention man ager attributed their willing ness to use precious tires in getting here to Ihe practical na ture of the discussions and re moval of the convention from DCS ntoincs lo Mason Cily cen ter of Iowas dairy industry W Means of continuing operations mcl maintaining plant and ccinip moiit with the least possible drain on war materials was the theme thate keep up a steady flow of PROF A W RUDNICK Manager explained and it naturally was of intense practical interest to ev ery creamery operator A report on the adver tising fund resulting from a state levy on creameries based on the business done during two weeks in June was given at the Wednesday morning meeting by representa tives of the dairjX industry commission C K Schoby chairman of the commission stressed the need of maintaining the advertising program for the duration of the war in order thai the industry retain its market after the war Even if o shortage of dairy products develops so that there is no problem of disposingof our production we must hold the market he asserted This is the attitude of automobile tire and other large manufacturers who have no products for sale at the present time he pointed out Frank Barker secretary of the commission reported that the womens army auxiliary corps at Fort Des Moines the army indus tion center at Camp Dodge and the ordnance plant at Ankcny all ar large users of dairy products The men in charge of he AVAAC and induction center as well as the manager of the five cafeterias at the ordnance plant are al anxious to promote the use of milk and huttcr he as serted pointing out that the soldiers and WAACs all leave after a short stay at DCS Aloincs and help to spread the idea This was followed bv detailed reports given by Paul Blnkemoro of the Coolidge Advertising com pany Neal Kelley of the National Dairy council and p M Richards of the American Dairy association Business sessions of the Iowa Creamery Operators association and the Creamery tl occupied the afternoon hours Creameries are pretty well taken care of on priorities Hal Parsons of the priority division of Hie WPB told tile ercamerymen Tuesday night Some industries are concerned with bottleneck but creameries have little of this The priority system is merely a matter of get ting the right materials to Ihe right place at the right time Pri orities were needed because there is a shortage of certain materials Iowa Association ot Butter Manufacturers i V 3d au abundance war started f There is the largest demand the world has ever known for certain materials In orderto get this pile of material needed things must fake place in or der Vic must have bullets and planes and transportation must feed a population double that of the United States To help feed this population he dairy Industry must play an im portant part dairy industry has done and is doing a marvelous job to us to set ihe Paul Quinlus ot the Farm Credit chief rvf rmi Cumins of the Farm Credi air Frances land sea and association Kansas Cily told to for Dakar Thwsdlv lcave what extcnt this organization wiU lor uahar ihursday coooeratc with tho rvriT cooperate with the ODT in car rying out the tire and truck pro gram M HVO sible Our responsibility is to pro r amson s survv ducc food and he ODT has to see wife and torn children food products Floyd Thompson Fairmont Minn told ot the setting up oC county programs in Minnesota and dwelt on phases of the farm ve hicle section of the defense trans portation order He told of new orders to go into effect in No vember which will require every vehicle operating on rubber lo have a certificate of war neces sity He also told of the working of the industry committee ami plans for pickups oC cream along determined routes George t Gray of the Na tional Highway Users association spoke for the enlistment of sup port in safeguarding highway funds against use for other par poses His organization has the backing of 18 of the large as sociations of Iowa RA Bartlett of Sibley wa chairman for the evening session All officers and directors of the Iowa Association of Ijjcal Cream cries were reelected at the bus iness meeting Tuesday afternoon They included Julius Bmnncr Osage president Charles Thatch er West Bend first vice president Bernie Scholtcn Hull second vice president A W Stewart Ocl wcin treasurer and W 1 Wnsson Brooklyn secretary A S Stone Avaco D A Dancer Lamoni anc O K Storrc Kcnsctl were re elected directors Speakers on the Tuesday after noon program included J S Rus sell regional administrator of the agricultural marketing adminis tration and A L Ronneberg representative of the dairy prod ucts marketing association fol lowed by a discussion of price stabilization price ceilings and marketing problems Mr Russell discussed the Pen ny Milk program for school chil dren maintaining that one of the foremost problems in the ef fort is Hie maintenance of child health Tiie labor shortage is cre ating a difficult problem in the dairy industry and is one reason for limiting this program to cities under 10000 population Mr Ronneberg staled that the dairy industry is suffering from resistance to changes at the pres ent time He said the industry will have to meet these changes and as a forecast of what is in view he said that next year probably the army and navy and lend lease program would consume 60 per cent of the cheddar cheese 40 per cent of the evaporated milk 15 per cent of the dried milk 70 per Several Miles in Open Country MOSCOW UR Front clis siatchcs said Wednesday that the Russians seized the initiative south of Stalingrad and drove the Ger mans back across several miles of open country amid drenching ains that bogged the enemys communications The German high command admitted significantly that Mar shal Semeon Timoshenko has sent fresh reinforcements into his drive from the north between the Don and the Volga rivers Radio Ber lin had reported Tuesday that there were preparations for a big attack northwest ot Stalingrad Some of the bigeesl battles of Ihe campaign in the Stalingrad area were being fought in the barren and unfortified steppes for possession of isolated water wells the main objective of both sides Domination of a single well often means control of an area of hundreds of stiuarc miles dispatches said The wells arc a necessity for the opposing tank cavalry and motor pa trols South of Stalingrad an enemy village manned by a Rumanian garrison fell easily before the Rus sians experienced in steppe figlil ig In Stalingrad itself the Germans were throwing 30000 storm troops and 60 tanks into a narrow sector in a frantic effort to take the city before winter settles The red army was smashing csery attack newspaper cent of tlie whole milk per cent of the butter and la Consensus of those present was that the labor problem on the dairy farm was acute and an ex pression from the group asking a government subsidy of some kind with which to induce labor to the farms was voted by the group HAMPTON MAN ELECTROCUTED Robert Jamison Killed Leaves Wife 4 Children Robert Jamison Hampton was accidentally electrocuted Wednes day afternoon at Beeds lake three miles from Hampton while Mr not Jamison The communist Pravda reported that the t o o d situation among the German Das sault had become while heavy rains that had unabated for three days threatened to bog clown their drive Tlie conclusion uas implicit though not stated in the com munist party organ Pravdas documented description of hun ger among the German hordes at Stalingrad that the nazis 1900 mile long communications which had for weeks supported one of he greatest battles in history were at last faltering There also was n possibility thai the heroic Russian resistance hati forced such an expenditure of munitions that the Germans were now being compelled to transport move munitions and less food lo their troops Frantic to take Stalingrad be fore winter settles they were hurling 30000 men and 60 tanks against a narrow sector in the northwestern part of the city The heroic defenders were smashing every attack and cxactin frightful toll Pravda said the Germans MCIC reduced to eating stray dogs that wandered into their lines The de fenders on the other hand had two substantial hot meals a including plenty of meat and fish Fish was especially plentiful Fishermens wives were cleaniii ml cooking them in sight of ihc starved1 Germans Pravda said The army organ Hed Star said it had rained without slop ping since Monday that air ac tivity was hampered ami the mud was becoming increasingly difficult for fanks o navigate The vvcather was cold The soviet high command has not admitted a German gain ii hours In the Stalingrad arei a sovie unit repulsed attacks threw tin enemy back o his initial posi tions and wiped out more than a company 200 the nooi communique said Guardsmai Krasnopolsky killed 30 anoihc tommygunner 44 Guards mor tarmen burned two tanks si lenced three batteries ot artillery and wiped out a company o in fantry Captured Germans had said that 70 per cent of their di out of every 10 been killed wotind ed or taken prisoner in the last few days It was the 5Bth day of tin siege of Stalingrad and the eighth day of a supreme German effoi to break through the industri district reach the Volga anu spread north and south up Stalingrad As the rain started Monday th Germans almost crushed the de fenders who felt back The rival wcst of the factory broke througl is survived by his army formations and reached railroad South Africa Premier Says Stage Set for United Nations Drive LONDON a stirring iddrcss Field Marshal Jan Chris iaan Simiits prime minister of the Union of South Africa told an jnprccGilentod joint meeting oC he houses of commons nud lords Wednesday that the allies have wived at the offensive phase of the war This precedentshattering event vas a British tribute to the 72 ear old field marshal the last surviving member of the British iifipire war cabinet ot Ihc first World war active in the high ouncils ot the second World war The German army is blccd Inff to death in Russia and the is set for the last the offensive phase of the war for the united nations Smuts de clared He said the appalling blood letting which is necessary for Hit lers ultimate detent is being ad ministered by the Russians Like nearly huge secret society 1000 members of both houses assembled to hear Smuts Neither the time nor the place nor even the date ot the meeting which brought together one of the Remember Trafalgar LONDON UR Field Mar shal Jan C Smuts South Afri can premier in his address tn British parliamciitar ians Wednesday said that he would not set coingunnecessary and perhaps harmful speculations as to Ihe possible scene of allied offensive action lie then added I only point out to you that today is Trafalgar day Smuts reference was to the anniversary of Nelsons famous victory over the French fleet Oct 21 1805 fousht in the wa ters off Cape Trafalffsr Spain directly opposite tile Moroccan coast of Africa most distinguished British assem blages of the war was disclosed to the public Prime Minister Churchill was among the members present and David Lloyd George who as prime minister in the first World war appointed Smuts to his war cab inet introduced the South African leader who was given a rousing ovation Smuts presence in London and his address increased speculation on the possibility that the initial blows of the allied counteraction against the axis would be struck in Africa V The lime has come Smuts said for develop ment However he carefully avoided any BCOKraphical refer ences which might sive Ilic axis any clue as to what might he expected The Smuts speech came at 3 moment when allied air forces in Africa had displayed unusual ac tivity for more than 18 hcurs car rying out extended operations both over the land front in Egypt and Libya and in the Mediterranean area The allied air action was countered by a continued axis at tack on the fortress of Malta The prearranged setting of this pronouncement a historymaking JAN SMUTS ;