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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 20, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME BF THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION tTlTfTTi VOL UV AHocUUd FIMI and Onlttd fttm Full Wire Ctoti a Cant MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER 20 IDli Piper Coniteti of Two Oni 9 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO tlun CUT 0 WLCX Cmu m WTAD Quiney TlnUTlv m WOI Ames Tueidar a m WSUL Cllj Thnrdtj p Whats a Fair Price for World Peace THE present contused state o the nobody wi deny that it is as proof anew that war of an by itself never settles any prob lem The most a war ever does 1 provide an opportunity for set ting things aright It can be said almost withou qualification that wars down through the centuries have create more problems than they hav solved OUR own Revolutionary war can be cited as the classi example of a people cashing in on the opportunity provided by war to better its status That conflict gave us independ ence But it in no sense guaran teed that we would have more happiness or a greater welfar than we had under the mother country For a tune it appearei that our 13 colonies would be come 13 Balkan states It wasnt until the adoption o our constitution and the forming of our federal union that thi goal for which we strove in thi Revolution was achieved CONVERSELY World war can be cited as the classii example of a failure to cash in on the opportunity for con structive progress provided by a war With the will to do so the world after that war could have set itself upon the high road to a lasting peace Why we didnt do it isnt for me to tliscuss in this commentary merely wish to recall for you that we missed the boat Insteac of building the structure of peace we incubated another war NOW another war has come ant gone Once more the world is confronted wjth an opportu nity to do what we failed 25 years ago At a high cost in blood and substance weve been given another our last The United Nations now in its 3rd year was our first answer to the new challenge It was fash ioned after the league of nations but there was an honest en deavor to avoid some of the earlier mistakes This new world organization for peace was born in high hope But with each passing month that hope has been dimmed To day none but a confirmed opti mist can believe that theres a paved road to the goal of world peace envisioned by the repre sentatives of the nations meeting in San Francisco AT that time I think most of the other na thinking in terms of one world But it soon became evident that communistic Russia had another idea on this subject The one world embraced by her concept was a one world dominated by communism Mos cow has never accepted the premise that communism and de communism and any other political program could live side by side Thats where we find the world today Russia and her satellites are lined up on one side of the table United States Britain and other nations with democratic ideals are lined up on the other side jN the face of such a stalemate 1 it was inevitable that the United Nations would fall short of the objectives set for it in its charter The lofty plans for a world po lice force have been retarded Machinery for promoting judi cial procedure public health uni versal education and a dozen other functions has been held in abeyance All of this work looking to last ing peace and a better world is being held up pending decision on the stupendous question of whether communism is to take over in the world AND if communism should win in this contest there would be no place in the world scene for a United Nations In that event all decisions would be reached in by a limited few people By the nature of cause United States Is a rich and powerful respon sibility for waging the ideologi cal contest against communism and keeping UN alive falls upon us In this gigantic task America must present a united front The cost will be high and a part of the burden will fall upon every American citizen It must be real ized likewise that the stakes are perpetuation of our way of life AS we square off for the battle it must be understood that our methods and objectives will CONTINDED ON PAGE 2 INCREASE BREAD PRICE 2 CENTS CLAIM EUROPE AIDWONTHURT HOME ECONOMY Senator Pepper Calls Figur Nibbling Approach Washington Truma administration marshalled a vas array of figures Monday designe to prove to congress and the na tion that this country can expor the food fuel and machinery western Europe is seeking for its proposed recovery program A report from Secretary of th Interior Krug released by th white house stated emphaticall that the United States will be abl to deliver the goods for a 000000 aid program without im pairing American resources Some shortages will result But it is impossible to make a case that the proposed aid pro gram will have a serious impac jpon our economy Krug said From the standpoint of dayto day drain the export program is iust not consequential Krug asserted however that to assure success of the undertaking his country must save grain re ain export controls to make cer tain shipments reach the mos needy countries and gear produc ion and transportation facilities to a high rate On Capitol Hill r e p u blic a n s generally adopted a letshear nore attitude but Senator Pepper CDFla criticized the report as a nibbling approach Pepper told reporters he thinks he summary makes the timid assumption that only such help will be extended to western Eur ope as will not inconvenience he American people That is only nibbling along a he job of winning the peace the Florida senator rious fact is that we cannot af brd not to help Europe and the rest of the world and that it is going to require some American sacrifices to get the job done Pepper who has urged a pro gram of a year in oreign aid does not always re lect the majority viewpoim among his senate democratic col eagues It was obvious that his deas were at variance with those if republican members Senators Ferguson RMich and Brewster RMe told re porters they want to know many more facts than those covered in he drug report before they will e ready to pass on recommenda ions President Truman has said he will make to congress on the nature and extent of a balanced oreign aid program Brewster said he wonders vhether there wont be some re rision soon in the requests oi 6 European nations for a total if in longrange lUtside aid He added that con gress will want to know about ny such revisions before it acts Some administration officials have said privately there is a ossibility the total sum may have o be revised upward because A 7he European countries may have verestimated their ability to in rease their exports and B The 2J per cent drop in American rices forecast in their report may ot materialize Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued warm Monday and Tuesday Low Monday night 4550 High Tuesday 8488 owa Sunny dry and unseason ably warm Monday and Tues day Wednesday increasing cloudiness and mild except turning cool northwest by eve ning Mostly southwesterly day time winds 14 to 18 miles per hour Temperatures Tuesday will range from average lows of 47 to average highs of 85 On Wednesday from 50 to 80 linnesota Generally fair and lit tle change in temperature Mon day night and Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics or 24 hour period ending at 8 clock Monday morning Maximum 80 Minimum 53 At 8 a rn Monday 59 iTEAR AGO Maximum 63 Minimum 34 GlobeGazette weather statis cs for 24 hour period ending at oclock Sunday morning Maximum 72 Minimum 36 At 8 a m Sunday 49 fEAR AGO Maximum 53 Minimum 41 Claim Reds Seek Control in Hollywood Washington jP Sam Wood veteran Hollywood producer an dkiSjtor said Monday a tigh disciplined group of communis party members and party liners is seeking to gain control of union and guilds in the movie capital He made this assertion in statement given reporters as h took the witness stand at the in quiry by the house committee o unAmerican activities to com munists activities in Hollywood Before Wood was called Jack L Warner brothers had testifiec that people with unAmerican leaning have infiltrated the mov ie industry But Warner declinec under questioning to say thes people are communists The producers were the initia witnesses as the committee openec hearings which may continue fo 3 weeks Spectators filled the 400 seat house caucus room am movie lights of news reel camera men flooded the scene When Robert E Stripling chie investigator for the committee wanted to know where commun ists have invaded the film capital Warner said The answer is that there are people with unAmerican lean ing They are mostly in the writing division Warner added I know theyre unAmerican in their method he went on ex plaining that they endeavor to pu into scripts certain things which in my opinion are unAmerican Would you admit there are certain people in your studio who are unAmerican Stripling asked Yes Warner replied But he emphasized that when ever unAmerican ideas creep into scripts the studio cuts them out At the outset of the hearing Chairman Thomas RN J re fused to hear a motion to quash subpoenas for per sonalities committee duringits 3 weeks o iearings The subpoenas are or ders for the 19 to appear as wit nesses Robert W Kenny counsel for Actor Larry Parks and IS writers and producers sought to move hat the subpoenas be quashed This would mean freeing the 19 Tom any necessity to appear be ore the committee Warner was then called as the irst of the industry witnesses He was accompanied to the wit ness stand by Paul V McNutt his attorney The 55yearold thinlymus ached Warner wore a dark blue Jusiness suit So did McNutt Thomas denied McNutt permis sion to cross examine witnesses You are no different from any of the other attorneys who have appeared before this committee at other hearings Thomas told the ormer head of war manpower commission Warner listed Clifford Odets Irwin Shaw and Ring Lardner Jr among writers he has dismissed rom his studio because he be ieved they were injecting un American doctrines into movie cenarios Others he continued under uestioning by Stripling were Jordon Kahn Alvah Bessie Guy Sndore Howard Koch Emmett javery John Howard Lawson Robert Rosson Dalton Trumbp bhn Wexjey Julius and Phillip Epstein and Sheridan Gibney Warner insisted several times ie did not know whether any of tiese were or are communists but Bat he of their leliefs unAmerican He identified Kahn as editor of paper for the Screen Writers Juild After he discharged him Varner continued Kahn went to Mexico on an assignment for Hoi day a Curtis Publishing company magazine Warner said he instructed his Few York office to inform Curtis f his reasons for dismissing Kahn fte company replied he said that ts assignments to writers were one of Warners business Several of the writers Warner amed are scheduled to be wit esses later in the hearing The writers were named also in estimpny which Warner gave the ommittee in Hollywood last May V transcript of the earlier testi nony was read by Stripling and Warner confirmed it paragraph by aragraph As the reading finished Thomas sked Warner whether he still eels the same about the writers Yes Warner replied adding I pay rny deep respectto the urtis Publishing company for leir American stand for free peech and a free press Judge Makes It Right Goshen Ind Court udge J S Yoder found a traffic cket on his car for overtime arking in the business district e appointed Attorney John W avis as special judge pleaded uilty and paid the usual fine e charges for overtime parking AP Wirephoto MIDWEST STATES HONOR WAR Frank Carlson of Kansas places a wreath at base of casket containing body of an unnamed Kansan who lost his life in World War II as 8 midwtst states participate in outdoor memorial service in Kansas City Sunday Caskets contain bodies ofwar dead from Colorado Iowa Kansas Missouri Ne braskaSNorth and South Dakota and Wyoming The casket containing the body of an Iowa soldier is located 2nd from the left Probe Overloadng of Flying Boat in Near Disaster in Sea FAIL TO BREAK UN DEADLOCK 10th Ballot on Vacant Seat in Security Council New York United Na tilonsassembly failed Mondayin a irew effortrto break ttie13week deadlock between India and the Soviet Ukraine in the contest for the security council seat which Poland will vacate Dec 31 Mondays first ballot the 10th since the contest began Sept 30 gave the Ukraine 29 and India 24 A twothirds majority of those present and necessary for election The 9th ballot on Oct 1 gave the Ukraine 32 and India 24 On a 2nd attempt the llth bal ot the vote was The Ukraine 30 India 25 Dr Oswaldo Aranha of Brazil assembly president then post poned further voting on this con test The assembly turned to the elec ion of 2 new members to the rusteeship council U S Rejects Russ Plan to Leave Korea Washington If The United itates has formally rejected Rus ias proposal that soviet and American occupation troops with raw simultaneously from Korea The state department Monday nade public a message from Inder Secretary Robert Lovett to Russian Foreign Minister Molotoy ast Saturday saying this question must be considered an integral art of the solution submitted by the United States to the United Vations assembly on Friday The U S requested the estab ishment of a U N commission o supervise elections in Korea vhich would decide the form of he future Korean government The American note to Moscow aid that because of the repeated nability of the American and so net commanders in Korea to gree the United States feels it elf obligated to seek the assist nce of the United Nations in rder to hasten establishment of a independent united Korea Government officials previously ad indicated the surprise Russian uggestion for withdrawing all orces would be rejected Egypt Cholera Kills 2128 Cairo 26dayoId chol ra epidemic has cost 2128 lives n Egypt the public health min stry announced Monday 69 Survivors Return to Homes After Rescue by Coast Guard Cutter Boston ff Back again on th land they never expected to reach 69 survivors of the illfatec Bermuda Sky Queen headed for their homes Monday as the civi aeronautics board prepared an all out investigation of the neardis aster in the mountainous north Atlantic coast ciitfer Bfgg which wrote maritime history in effecting the rescue of every man woman and child on the plane which was ditched 800 miles off Newfoundland last Tuesday be cause of a gasoline shortage brought the Sky Queens erstwhile passengers to Boston Sunday The 1600 mile run from Sta tion Charlie the coast guard code for its weather station where the flying boat came down ended in one of the wildest demonstrations since the first troogship came home from the recent war From the entrance to Boston harbor to Constitution wharf it was a continuous round of salutes from other craft Whistles were tied down Fireboats sent up vari colored streams of water Thousands of relatives friends and folks who just came down to lend a cheer met the rescued and their saviors at the dock One and all the survivors many clad in dungarees shouted their praises of the crew of the Bibb Too they couldnt say enough about the airmanship of Capt Charles Martin of Miami Fla pilot of the Sky Queen At the same time however some of the passengers charged the seaplane had been overloaded William Bostock Shell Oil com pany employe a survivor said a declaration was signed by all but 3 of the planes adult passengers asking why planes of this type are allowed to fly Robert Laffer 62yearold New York fur dealer and Patrick Quinn of Long Beach Cal first officer on the S S Chisholm Trail both agreed to the overloading complaint When Capt Martin brought the jig seaplane down waves 35 feet high with crests 100 feet apart were reported Capt Paul B Cronk command ing the Bibb asserted Martin should have received a larger share of Mondays acclaim He was not a sailor but kept his plane stable although handicapped by seasickness The Sky Queens passengers and crewmen were taken to Boston leadquarters of the American Red Cross Seek Muscatine Harbor Davenport IP Col W N Rock Island district engin eer has submitted a report to congress recommending construc ion of a public small boat har or and a public commercial land ng at Muscatine double Feature With Death Cincinnati Saul couldnt enjoy the Dorothy Lamour movie The stranger sitting beside him had put his head on Sauls died Saul thought quickly If he said anything or called the ushers the rowd might panic So he sat quietly for 2 hours until the double fea ure was over with death in the next seat Saulentered the Glenway theater Saturday night with his wife and yearold son Aloysius Bollin 57 a stranger to Saul already was eated About 15 minutes went by before Saul noticed his neighbor was ot breathing I felt his pulse There was none I put my hand over his heart e was dead and already turning cold Saul said PASTOR LOSES LIFE III CRASH Clergymans Car Hits Train Near St Ansgar services will be held at New Ulm Minn Wednes day for the Rev Reinhold Schier enbeck 59 newly elected pastor of the Cross Lutheran church a Charles City who was killed Sat urday night when his car crashed into a freight train 5 miles north of St Ansgar He hadrejaitly lived at Sanborn Minn Mr Schierenbeck was to have delivered his first sermon in his new pastorate at Charles City Sun day He had taken his wife to Austin Minn to assist in the care of the family of his son the Eev Lester Schierenbeck whose wife is at the St Olaf hospital with a newly born girl The child was born a half hour before the acci dent Sheriff Theodore Horn who in vestigated the crash said the cler gymans car ran into the 5th car from the caboose of the westbound Illinois Central freight train at p m Saturday He died on the way to a hospital at Austin The front end of the 1946 Chevro let coach was demolished Pastor Schierenbeck had served as pastor for 20 years at Hudson Minn He succeeded the Rev Carl Otto at Charles City Iowa Youth Killed and 3 Injured in Accident Near Council Bluffs Underwood Mc Gee 19 Council Bluffs Iowa was killed and 3 persons injured Sun day night when the car McGee was driving failed to make a turn on a county road south of here and overturned in a ditch The injured none in serious condition were Dick Gappa 17 owner of the car Bonnie Dyer 15 and her sister Charlene Dyer 16 all of Council Bluffs All were thrown through the cloth top of the car They were taken to a Council Bluffs hospital by a farm er in a pickup truck McGee is survived by his widow Pearl one son his par ents and 3 brothers all of Council Bluffs SAME BUcfc flax means truffle death la past M hours Predict Higher Fees or Hospital Service Los Angeles even go ng to cost more to be sick Edward C Banon president of he American Osteopathic hos pital association Monday pre dicted higher hospital fees for next year It now costs us a day per patient in our hospital for the average patient who pays a daily rate of S9 said Barren business manager of the Detroit Osteopath c hospital DeGaullists Top Reds in French Vote Paris Candidates nom inated by Gen Charles de Gaulles rally of the French people RPF were leading in 29 out of 37 major municipalities Monday as returns from Sundays balloting rolled in from all over France De Gaulles party held a sub stantial lead over all other parties including the communists in the early returns Theres no doubt about it De Gaulle has won said Maurice Schuman parliamentary leader of the popular republican movement MRP which lost ground heavily in Sundays voting De Gaulles RPF although leading the com munists did not appear to have dented communist voting strength in any substantial amount Running on an anticommunisl platform and competing in a French election for the first time RPF was averaging between 38 and 40 per cent of the total vote as against 26 to 28 per cent for the communists 19 per cent for the socialists and less than 10 per cenl for MRP In the last municipal elections MRP fought it out with the com munists The 8 large communities where the issue remained in doubt were Toulon Rennes Besancon Beau vais Grenoble Nancy Lille and Angers The 29 communities where De Gaulles men were running far ahead were Paris Algiers Bor deaux Troyes Nevers Melun Mulhouse Colmar Lyon Montbe liard Pontarlier Lorient La Ro chelle Biarritz Bayonne St Malo Marseille Annecy Nantes Ver sailles Epinal Strasbourg Mantes Sur Seine St Raphael Alencon Verdun Rouen Metz and Nice Sundays balloting was held to choose municipal councils in 38 000 French localities An estimated 25000000 votes were cast Berry Trial for Murder Is Deferred Iowa Berry of Iowa Falls charged with first degree murder following the fatal shoot ing of his brotherinlaw Ernest Knott 51 also of Iowa Falls will not be tried during the present term of court according to Don W Barker of Iowa Falls Hardin county attorney The shooting took place in Iowa Falls last June John L Butler of Lundy Butler and Lundy of El dora has been appointed counsel for Berry At the request of Coun ty Attorney Barker E R Bryson Iowa Falls attorney has been named assistant prosecutor Upon application of his wife and through Lundy Butler and Lundy Berry was taken to the psychopathic hospital in Iowa City for observation and examination in September A written report of the 16day study on Berry has been sent by Dr Wilbur K Miller director of the hospital to Judge H E Fry The report is not to be made pub lic at this time Barker stated The next term of court will be late in November Barker said Berry would probably be tried early in the term Sioux City Police Hold Resident forShooting Sioux City Cooley i4 Sioux City Monday was be ing held by police here in con nection with the shooting of Har vey Deal 29 who was seriously wounded walking home from work early Sunday Deal did not know who shot him Police said a man identified as Cooley was found near Deals lome with a loaded revolver ooley told police he shot 6 times into an alley because he believed someone was bothering his prop erty LOOK robe Cause of Fire in Burlington Rail Yards See page 2 Season Will Open Nov II See page 13 Newspapermen Guests at ISC Short Course See page 3 V F W Holds 3rd istrict Convention See page 8 BOOST LOAVES UP T018 CENTS IN MASON CITY Say Higher Production Costs Grab Market Spiral Caused Increase Mason Cityans were paying 2 cents a loaf more for bread Mon day in line with a statewide rise in the retail price of bread The price of bread jumped from 15 to 17 cents per loaf with an additional one cent tax making the housewife lay down 18 cents for a loaf of bread now Wholesale bakers stated that Iowa was one of the last states in the U S to increase the price of bread but that increasing costs in the production of bread has made the increase necessary A spokesman for the master bakers in Des Moines here said the boost of a cent and a half a loaf on standard size loaves was gen eral among the states bread wholesalers The increase immediately was reflected in Iowa retail stores where a 2 cent jump in the price per loaf was almost universal he said The new price for a standard 20ounce loaf of white bread is now 16 and 17 cents This puts all such bread within the compass of the Iowa sales tax which is collected on the basis of a penny for any purchase of 15 cents or more Meanwhile bakers in New York Pittsburgh Omaha Milwaukee and Atlanta announced increases of one to 2 cents a loaf and bak ers in other cities were expected to take similar action They all blamed soaring prices at grain exchanges Louis Korvan secretary of the Omaha Grocers and Meat Deal ers association said that the in crease of 2 cents for the 20ounce loaf of bread had been under con sideration for some time The bakers held off in hopes that wheat prices would go down he said However with December wheat quotations at S3 a bushel at Chicago and with a prediction that they might jump to they had no other choice He said the increase had noth ing to do with the nations wheat conservation program At New York bakers increased the price of their IBounce loaf one cent and grocers promptly passed the increase on to the pub lic The loaf went over the counter Monday for 16 cents Assemblyman Philip J Schup ler D Brooklyn asked Gov Thomas E Dewey for a special session the New York legisla ture to establish a state little OPA to put a ceiling on food prices Schupler said the state is al lowed to take such action tinder police powers Meanwhile wheat futures at the Chicago board of trade remained near the level hit last week It was the first time in 30 years that wheat had reached that price Richard Uhlmann first vice president of the board of trade said it was unlikely the price would drop substantially until there is favorable weather news from the winter wheat territory or until the government eases up on buying of grains for export The bureau of agricultural eco nomics painted an equally dark picture of the meat situation The bureau said that the meat supply per capita next year is ex pected to be 5 to 10 per cent below this years supply of slight ly more than 150 pounds It made no predictions on the price of meat next year but economists agreed that meat would cost more unless consumer purchasing power or demand slackens Even Weatherman Impressed by Iowas Weather Des Moines Even the weatherman is impressed by the jeauty of Iowas Indian summer weather Mondays official sum mary said Its hard to make interesting statistical remarks about Iowa weather for the 24 hours ending at Monday morning Mere numbers fail to express ully the beauty of the season High temperatures Sunday were again in the low 80s or upper 70s and lows early Monday morn ng were generally in the upper 40s or lower 50s Iowa City was he exception with a low of 38 No rainfall was reported and skies were clear The flow air into this area continues to be from the west This air has moved in from the Pacific and as it moves most of the rain is dropped on the western slopes of the Pacific northwest states ;