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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 20, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP HT GT AND WIVES 3 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL M Associated Press United Prca Full Ltued Wlrca Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY OCTOBER 20 1941 This Paper Consists of Two NO 10 YANKS ADVANCE IN PHILIPPINES Powerful Forces Pour Ashore After Terrific Bombardment Japs Surprised With Location of Landings Yank Casualties Low 4 Vagrant Memories of Trip Related By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor LETTER NO 47 London I packed my grips tonight preparatory to my flight back home 3 or 4 ex periences of my month and a half in the British Isgs and France kept coming back to the front of my mind in the form of vagrant memories App raised unto itself no he of these e x p e r i e nces seemed to have any great im portance But lumped to gether and looked at as a whole there I think a significant pattern them and let you be the judge DEBRECEN CITY IN HUNGARY IS TAKEN BY REDS Nazis Report Russians Provide New Threats in E Prussia Invasion Yanks Take Aachen HALL Ill recount of that One of these experiences had its setting in the operating room of a great army general hospital not far from OxfordI stood by as Iowas football coach Dr Eddie Anderson assisted in an operation which involved the transfer of skin from the chest to the lower leg of a lad who had been unfor tunate enough to get in the way oE a German flamethrower St ia at Even before that I had decided is nothing glamorous r frontline that there about fighter1 had gone through the wards and does to xthe individual boy One lad was a cigaret through one his he had no lower lip and little lower jaw That was one of my recollec tions as I packed my grips An other was of standing under the Arc de Triomph in Paris and looking down upon the perpetual BULLETIN London SP Belgrade capital of Yugoslavia has been liberated Marshal Stalin announced Frjday night BULLETIN London The Brussels radio said Friday night that cossack guards of the Russian army al ready are in the outskirts of Bu dapest The Germany radio said red troops who captured the Hun garian city of Debrecen already were 3D miles beyond it with a spearhead at the rail town of Tis zaacsege London IP Debrecen 3rd largest city of Hungary has fallen to the red army storming the Hun garian plain toward Budapest 116 miles to the west Marshal Stalin announced Friday night in an or der of the day Earlier the Germans announced the loss of the city of 122517 and said the red army had pulled up to another section of the East Prussian frontier 20 miles south of fallen Eydtkaa massing vast tank forces in the Hominter Heide a favorite deer forest of the late Kaiser Wilhelm II A tank battle raged 2 weeks beforeDebrecenaroad and rail center toppled The victory was ordered saluted in Moscow with 20 salvos from 224 guns Other Russian forces were last reported within 50 miles of Budapest The Russians at midnight an nounced 11000 prisoners were taken south of the old walled town which has become the junction of Marks Fall of 1st Major German City London Aachen a sprawling city of death and de struction fell Friday to lit Gen Courtney H Hodges U S first army Friday night the victorious Yanks started mopping upthe last remnants of the nazi garrison trapped on the outskirts The capture of the first major German city a gateway to the Ruhr was completed at p m a m central war time of ficial announcements from the field said The city is 340 miles from Berlin and 40 miles from Cologne on the Rhine It had a peacetime popula tion of 165000 The doughboys hod been at tacking since Sept 15 and for a week they had engaged in strest by street fighting with bazookas bayonets and selfpropeUed guns Aachen was left a mass of wreckage by fanatical German re sistance Young German officers many of them not long back from the Russian front lives to gain threw away their another oak leaf flame at the head of the simple bronze tablet which bears this simple inscription Ici Repose un Soldat Francaise Mort Pour La Patiie 19141918 Translated that means Here lies the body of a French soldier who died for his country in World war No 1 The next of these vagrant memories took me back to West minster Abbey here in London I had stood at the base of the tablet to Britains unknown soldier and copied down these words Beneath this stone rests the body ol a British warrior un known by name or rank brought from France to be among the most illustrious of the land and buried here on Armistice day Nov 11 1920 in the presence of His Majesty King George V his ministers of state the chiefs of his forces and a vast concourse of the nation Thus are commemorated the many multitudes who during the great war ot 19141918 gave the most that man can it Eelf jor God for King for Country for loved ones for home and empire for the sacred cause of justice and the freedom of the world buried him among the kings because he had donegood toward God and toward his house In Christ shall he be made alive As my pencil moved over the page of my notebook I could hear from the chapel nearby the voice an archbishop of the Church of England It was RAF Sunday The prelate was telling his parishion ers that Britain indeed the world are in the eternal debt of the lads whose whose had saved all of us from a Hitler dominated world Our brave lads he intoned are winning the war But they cant win the peace Thats our and mine Shall we succeed Or shall it be marked down in history as another war of futility The last of these fleeting mem ories Uiat came to me as I rear ranged my belongings to get within the 55pound air travel baggage limit took me back to a lovely valley overlooking the sea 2 miles to the west of Cherbourg Its beauty was marred by an ugly pile of steel walls and a partially completed roof all of 16foot steelreinforced con crete Between the walls was a blocklong sloping platform also of cement It was pointed at Bristol Eng land 180 miles across the channel It was designed o launch some type of rocket bomb with an ex plosive force at least 10 tunes as several railroads A great tank battle had been raging there for 2 weeks and the Germans said 418 Russian tanks ivere destroyed in the fray Moscow said the Ger mans lost 152 S tanks Possibly a decisive battle was shaping up along the north east and south frontiers of East Prus sia Berlin frankly asserted that the twin battle for East Prussia is nearing a climax Mocsow said nothing of the 4 day offensive but allowed AP cor respondents to radio that the Russians entered reich territory Three enormous Russian army groups are drawn up along the borders of the province where the Junkers generals maintain vast es tates Berlin insisted that another group was striking toward Danzig on the Baltic from the Narew river above Warsaw in a supreme bid to cut oft the entire province of 14000 square miles The Rominter Heide is a pre serve of 81 square miles near the cluster on their iron ing warfare for vanity The last conclusive gasp of re sistance in the center of the city was kj a large stone building in wblclrlW S3 men had barricaded themselves in defiance of artil lery which bad pressed thede fenders into an ever narrowing space Troops under the command of lit Col Merril Daniel of Geneva N Y knocked out this last major stronghold at p m with di rect fire from a 155 MM gun The un literally knocked down the Duilding Aachen is ours the officer said as he stood on the ruins of the building which had been used as a command post for the sui AACHEN BATTLE soldiers walk along an Aachen Germany street lined with skeletons of buildings as they move toward the center of the city jraprbgress Presswirephotp Kayenay Canadians Smash Ahead in New Drive North of Antwerp London infantry and armor struck out in a new offensive through the mud and marshland north of Antwerp Friday cide stand When we knocked out that Rominte Prussian river town northeast of the of Goldap The Germans acknowledged Thursday that the red army had advanced several miles into East Prussia in the direction its great capital city of Konigsberg Dispatches telephoned from Moscow reported chaotic condi tions in Belgrade and Budapest where German positions were de clared deteriorating by the hour The Moscow newspaper Izvestia said heavy smoke clouds envel oped the center of Belgrade the Yugoslav capital of 266849 where street fighting has been in prog ress most of the week Smoke also shrouded the northwest sub urbs shells constantly were ex ploding in the streets German SS troops fought from dugin tanks in one section Izvestia said Rus sian and Yugoslav forces were said to have captured the Sava river railroad bridge and driven the Germans from the port works on the Danube but the nazis still held the Alexander highway bridge Izvestia said a large Ger man tank force was surrounded and wiped out 3 miles southeast of the capital building we knocked out the guts of their defense Now we hold all the city proper and have only a cleanup job left in the outskirts The first army fought a battle within a battle to win the ancient stronghold Having closed a ring around the city they fought off several German counterattacks to the northeast in recent days The doughboys held on to their positions at Crucifix Hill just the city against all these desperate charges and went on with their methodical exterm ination of the garrison which or iginally was estimated at 1500 men That the garrison actually was larger however was indicated by dispatches from Aachen Friday which said from 500 to 1000 Ger mans remained in isolated traps around the edges while nearly 2000 already had been captured During the siege the Germans had been able to feed a few hun dred reinforcements into the gar rison but since Sunday they Tvere forced to rely upon parachutes as their chief agency of supply Aachen had been made a test city by the American command giving the Germans the choice of surrendering or permitting one of the famous towns of the reich to be knocked to pieces The Ger mans rejected the ultimatum Wednesday Oct 11 and the Americans began their attack Aachen may have set the pat tern for German resistance from city to city Only 10000 or 15000 civilians were believed to have remained to bolster the allied salient being built up in Holland against Adolf Hitlers northern defenses At the same time French infan try fighting along the ridges of the Vosges at the southetn end of the allied line outflanked the village of Ventron at the entrance to the 15 mile long Bussang Pass which opens out on the Rhine floor only 7 miles from Mulhouse The Americans of the 7th army on the latter front also captured Bruyeres 13 miles east of Epinal in a further stab at 2 more passes leading through the Vosges to the Rhine flatlands around Colmar and Strasbourg The British 2nd army fighting to clear out the Germans west of the Maas Meuse along the reich border fronting the Holland sal ient made slow progress almost bogged down by mud and stiff German resistance The Canadian attack sprung at a m was launched from on area about 8 miles north of Ant werp along the railroad and high way leading north to Rosendaal and Rotterdam Rocketfiring Typhoons and fighter bombers supported the drive designed to strengthen the Canadian column S miles to the west which has speared to the ineck ot Zuid Beveland and Wal cheren German held islands blocking the Schelde entrances to Antwerp In the first few hours the Cana dians rolled forward several miles Gales giving impetus to floods pouring through bombarded 1 9 Reported Dead iti Sicily Street Battle Kome Nineteen persons died as the result of a street battle Thursday in Palermo Sicily be tween a mob and Italian troops Salvatore Aldisio Italian high commissioner said Friday the dis demonstration private BULLETIN Advanced Allied Headquarters Philippines Douglas MacArthur and an army of at least ZottOOO men stormed the central Philippines from the greatest oceangoing invasion armada in history Friday quickly seized control of the 75 mile east coast of strategic Leyte island and are marching oil Tacloban its capital 370 miles southeast of Manila BULLETIN Washington Roosevelt announced Friday that op erations in the Philippines are proceeding on schedule with light losses and that the enemy was caught strategically off guard by the attack Gen MacArthurs Headquarters Philippines Douglas MacArthur landed powerful invasion forces in the heart of the Philippines announced to the people of the archi pelago I have returned and called upon them to rise and strike their Japanese conquerors Ground forces poured ashore in Leyle gulf from a huge convoy under protection of a terrific naval and air bombard ment quickly seized 3 strong beachheads along Leyte islands east coast While they pressed inland toward the fertile valleys Gen MacArthur took to the air in a broadcast over the Voice of Freedom radio telling the people he had fulfilled his 2Va year old vow to return MacArthur told the Filipinos their president Sergio Osmena and his cabinet were with him on Leyte and had re established the government on Philippine soil Also with was every able odied survivor of Corregidor While men and supplies poured n to meet an estimated 225000 apanese in the Philippines under ield Marshal Juichi Terauchi President Hoosevelt messaged rom Washington The whole American nation exults at the news that he gallant men under your com mand have landed on Philippine oil The Leylc landings put the in within 415 miles of Manila in the city at the beginning of the attack At least 3000 were evac uated by the Americans after the attack began the dikes have a number of big great as the robot bombs which have been falling upon London That structure thank God was never completed The Americans arrived 2 months too soon Here was a than that a clearcut the war of the theres to be a war in the future I doubt that its necessary to point to the pattern1 and the moral ot these vagrant memories this final night in London Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Generally fair Friday night and Saturday becoming colder late Friday night and Satur day Mason City Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday cooler late Friday night and Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather Maximum Thursday 56 Minimum Thursday night 39 I At 8 a m Friday 43 1 Rain 01 inch breaches in knocked out German guns atVlissingen Flush ing on Walcheren and Typhoons scored direct hits on buildings concealing other guns at Ellewou Isdijk on Zuid Beveiand Thurs day Other Canadian contingents were finishing the task of liqui dating a pocket of 1000 Germans holding an area about 6 by 12 miles south of the Schelde and had advanced to within less than a mile south of Breskens Schelde river port where other enemy guns are located They had thrust to within less than a mile of Oostburg former center of the pocket and had cap tured Middlebourr and Aarden burg at the south side of the wat ersealed sack DIES IX GAS CHAMBER Jefferson City Mo Thomas 20 year old Negro died in Missouris lethal gas chamber at a m Friday for raping a 22 year old white woman in a St Louis suburb a year ago last January BLUE TOKENS CHANGE Portland Ore offi figured out what has become of a lot of the missing blue concerns who wanted wage rises back with coatings of red fingcr equLvalent to those granted state and local government employes PHILIPPINES Lmgayan Clark Field BATAANji Kabasalan Zamboanga MINDANAO Resistance of Japs Stiff in Some Sectors New York American network pool broadcast from Ley te recorded by NBC Friday re ported that Americans invading the Philippines are moving for ward despite stiff enemy resist ance in some sectors The enemys defense force seems to be concentrating their strength on one of the center landing beaches and American troops had an extremely tough time getting ashore under heavy mortar and artillery fire said Radio Reporter Gordon Walker Several of our craft were hit However I find that the situation is now under control and the doughboys are holding their own The northern landing party one the strongest forces landed 1i minutes ahead of schedule and moved inland 500 yards be fore a shot was fired on them They are now closing in on the city Tacloban Around me in the gulf battle ships and cruisers are standing by lending fire support to any shore group which urgently needs it Divebombers are still plaster ing the hills near the beaches The transports are still hereand troops continue to pour ashore I was at the beachhead when General MacArthur arrived H waded ashore in water knee deep I talked with the general briefly And he reminded me that I was the only correspondent who was with him at Manila and who has now returned with him to the Philippines on this first day Gen eral MacArthur said Ill stay for the duration now o the northwest and marked an advance of 600 miles north from MacArthurs base at tVIorotai Front line dispatches said the Leyte landings were preceded 3 days ago by landings on small is ands guarding the entrance to Leyte gulf and minesweeping operations of the to make it safe for the passage of convoys MacArthur said the invaders comprised Lt Gen Waller Kruc iers 6th U S army and units from the central Pacific Without further identification frontline dispatches of correspondents Associated specified Press these LANDINGS IN show course of American offensive in Pacific climaxed by an invasion of the central Philippines Landings were made on Suluam island at mouth of Leyte gulf east of Leyte island For the past several days American carrier forces have been hammering Luzon and with the aid of the 20th air force Superfortresses have slashed at Formosa installations FRiMust Teach Japs Deceit Costs Washington resident Hoosevelt hailed the invasion or the Philippines Friday with the i assertion that we have the will j and the power to teach Japan the cost of treachery and deceit With our allies he said we shall teach this lesson so that Japan will never forget it As American troops plunged into the central Philippines Mr Roosevelt in a statement prom ised freedom to the islands as soon as Gen MacArthurs torces clear out the Japanese saying We shall free the enslaved peoples We shall restore stolen goods and looted wealth to their rightful owners We shall stran gle the black dragon of Japanese militarism forever The president declared that we have learned our lesson about Japan We trusted her and treat ed her with the decency due a civilized neighbor We were foul ly betrayed The price of the les son was high Now we are going to teach Japan her lesson participants The first cavalry division the 7th division the 96th division The Japanese expecting land Ings to the south at Mindanao were so completely surprised that beachheads in the Tacloban area were secured with small cas ualties stated Fridays special communique issued from the field of operations Fulfilling his promise made 2 years and 7 months ago when he took sad leave of the islands that I shall return MacArthur went back aboard a warship It was Part of a giant convoy sailing from New Guinea which stretched out further than the eye could see The American navy in unchal lenged strength ruled the inva sion scene and the seas about it Allied airforces virtually mo nopolized the skies In a major amphibious opera tion we have seized the eastern coast of Leyte island in the Phil ippines 600 miles north of Mqro tai and 2500 miles from Milne bay New Guinea from where SERGIO OSEMA President of Philippines ashore ;