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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 19, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME L J P DEPART WENT Cr HJSTORY AND ACIVES KO I ME 3 I A VOL Associated Press mid Unllrd Preu Full Leaded Wires Five Cents a British Radio Supported by Tax on Sets By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor LETTER NO 46 London some 6 weeks Ive been exposed to a gov ernment operated system of radio British Broadcasting corpor ation familiarly known as BBC On 2 occasions Ive used its facilities for short iv ave broadcasts t o America and elsewhere in the world Ive listened f o the BBC news and musl c a 1 programs brought Jn by receiving sets in England Scot land France HALL and Eire and in these two broad casting experiences referred to Ive had the opportunity to ob serve the BBC sending techniques at close range Naturally even inevitably Ive been prompted to draw contrasts and comparisons between BBC and the American radio to which Ive become accustomed since its evo lution within 25 years from play thing into one ot the nations greatest industries The first thing that impressed me I should say was the fact that the British dont call it radio To them its wireless They know course what youre talking about if you call it radio but that isnt their designation Perhaps the next most notice able difference between American radio and British wireless is the absence here of what we in Ameri ca know as commercials another for advertising American radio iswholly sup ported by advertising here its supported by the government quite largely if not entirely by a tax on receiving sets Whether this is good or bad depends wholly ou Individual viewpoint Those who find advertising grat ing to their sensibilities would find relief listening to a British wireless program Theres no breakfast food soap or liver pills Neither by the same token is there a parade of biff names in the entertainment world except as they are borrowed with adyerlis tne deleted from American net lyork programs designed forour fighting men BBC gives over hour upon hour each day to continuing broadcast to the forces It consists of newscasts at specified times mu sic of all kinds from hill billy and jive from America to its own sym phony orchestras To the listener brought up on American radio this program seems much brighter than the BBC production for its homefront audi ence Coming over on the Boeing Clipper with a group of English people most of them associated with some branch of government some of them en route home from the Breton Woods N H mone tary conference I gained the im pression that the BBC system was far more highly regarded than the American broadcasting to which they had been exposed But in my checkup among rank and file people here I have found more than a few who regard Brit ish wireless a bit stuffy in com parison with American radio The dislike of advertising met up with among those on the plane is any thing but universal An interesting manifestation of this was observable before the war when a commercial station in Luxembourg copying American radio methods developed an amazing audience in the British Isles Hight now the possibility of es tablishing like stations on the Eu ropean continent or indeed on an chored ships in the open sea not subject to the radio regulations of any nation is a subject frequent ly discussed American radio stars particu larly comedians such as Bob Hope Fred Allen Jack Benny Edgar Bergen and Gracie Allen are widely known here A number of Britishers told me they thought their own Tommie Handley is faster on the uptake than any of our American comedians He real ly isnt bad Two other favorites on the BBC are Ben Lyons and his wife Bebe Daniels After a career in Holly wood Bebe as a fullfledged star and Ben just short of stardom they came here and took up roles in a BBC comedy program Today they are more widely known in the British Isles than they ever xvere in America But the real appeal of the Brit ish wireless system is its hourly newscasts There is a singularly orderly arrangement of the news in a concise script Announcers read it rather slowly and in excel lent enunciation There is a studious avoidance of color or emotionalism If the world came suddenly to an end I am quite sure it would be cooly announced by a BBC newscaster giving as his authority the British ministry of information Buy jonr War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ALLIES SMASH FORWARD FROM DUTCH SALIENT Yanks Again Fight Off Nazi CounterAttacks in Battle of Aachen By ALEX H SINGLETON London Tommies and American armor rocked the Germans back toward Venlo on the Maas Meuse from the Hol land salient Thursday in what ap peared to be the preliminaries to an offensive aimed at breaking or ganized German resistance before Christmas West of Antwerp in Belgium Canadian forces were less than 2 miles from the German guns at Breskens commanding the sea en trance to the port from the pocket south of the Schelde In Aachen U S first army troops again smashing German tank and infantry counterthrusts northeast of the Siegfried line city held about halt the wrecked city and smashed on into the northwestern quarter where fight ers and fighter bombers pin pointed strongpoints aheard of the bazooka and grenaVie squads Coincident with Berlins report of a savage Hussian onslaught against east Prussias defenses the German radio declared that the British offensive in east Holland in support of the American at tack on Aachen has increased in violence The timing raised the possibility of a grand strategy plan to beat the nazis by smashing simultan eously at east Prussia heart of German miltarism while wrecking the RhineRuhr valley the center of German industry An Associated Press war cor respondent with the British second army said Lt Gen Sir Miles C Dempseys troops striking swiftly after taking Veiiray had ad vanced about 3i miles south to ward the railroad town of Amer ika An American armored column was converging at a distance of 5 miles upon the same objective from the east The Germans had been elim inated from all but about 7 square miles of territory west of the Maas and the allies were within 33 miles of Duisburg in the Ruhr Berlin said Dempsey had con centrated strong forces in the area to annihilate the Germans Maas objective which would straighten the line along the Dutch border in preparation for an allied crossriver assault In a desperate effort to avoid being trapped on the west bank the Germans apparently were falling back to the south toward Venlo as their comrades in the VenrayAmerika area were pushed back Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers communique officially reporting the seizure of the rail and road town of Venray 7 miles from the German border said that allied forces had advanced 2 miles south of the VenrayDeurne road and gains had been made from the west along the north side the railway east of Leurne The German report on this sec tor said that bitter handtohand fighting was taking place east and northeast of Helmond which the enemy has acknowledged evacua ting Helmond is 5 miles west of Deurne Inside shellripped Aachen the end appeared in sight The allied communique how ever said that the nazi garrison was resisting stubbornly and placed the center ot the fighting in the northwest sector From the Berlin radio came a report that the Americans had reached the main Aachen station and were pushing on toward the heart of the city KILLED AS AUTO STRIKES TRAIN Fire Destroys Tank Car Dunkerton Station Dunkerton Fettketh er 72 a retired farmer was killed about midnight Wednesday when the automobile he was driving struck the side of a moving Chi cago Great Western freight train about 40 rods west of the station depot There were no witnesses to the accident but it was believed Fett kether hit a tank car near the end of the train As the train reached the depot area the tank car a box car and an empty pas senger coach were derailed and there was an explosion and fire which destroyed the tank car and the depot No one was in the de pot at the time Fettkethers wife died several years ago and he made his home with a son Oran His body was discovered by his soninlaw Ear nest Yungblut farmer near Dun kerton who came along about a half hour after the accident Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy THE MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY OCTOBER 19 1944 ThU Piper Consols oc Two SectionsSection YANKS INVADING CENTRAL PHILIPPINES JAPS CLAIM Admit Reds Backed by 500 Tanks Penetrated Well Into E Prussia london forces backed by 500 tanks have penetrated well into East Prussia where the German border town of Eydtkuhnen has been evacuated the Berlin radio said Thursday The deepest Russian penetration was in the Eydtkuhnen area 37 miles east of Insterburg the red army has passed this town Berlin said The Russians have advanced further on German soil The German communique ac knowledged loss of the town but insisted that a breakthrough had been averted Tremendousinfantry and tank forces were being hurled against the homeland of the Junker gen erals to achieve a grand scale break through at all costs the enemy said The front was widened from 30 to 45 miles overnight with the Russians extending their attacks to the area of Suwalki center of a triangle which Hitler annexed from Poland to East Prussia in 1939 The enemy admission came within hours after the Russians announced an invasion of Czecho slovakia in the south on a 171 mile front plunging through the main Carpathian mountain passes to a junction with other Russian army groups driving through Transylvania and Hungary The German communique said 250 Russian tanks had been dis abled in the 3 day battle at the edge ot East Prussia a campaign not yet announced by the Krem lin Strong attacks were reported Vest df east of the Latvian escape port of Liepaja through which rem nants of perhaps 10 trapped Ger man divisions in the Baltics must attempt an escape Beyond Petsa mo the German command re ported heavy fighting on the Arctic road leading into the froz en tundras of northern Norway Deal Heavy Blows in Danube Basin Moscow IP Swift Hussian advances through the Carpathian mountains have liberated one third of the CarpathoUkraine easternmost province of Czecho slovakia and established virtual ly a solid front for the red army across the wedge of high ground between the Polish and Hungar ian plains Moscow announced early Thurs day that Col Gen Ivan D Pet rovs Ukrainian command pouring through gaps left iu ene my defenses by Hungarys mili tary collapse had dealt stunning bloivs to German positions In the rich Danubian basin The high command disclosed that Russian troops had captured 7 important Carpathian passes in advances ranging from 13 to 31 miles along a 170mile front One of Petrovs columns com pletely traversed the Carpatho Ufcraine from north to south en tering through the Tatar pass and sweeping past Korosmezo and Bamo to Signet in Transylvania It also was disclosed that Russian and Romanian forces under Marshal Rodion Y Mali novsky commander of the 2nd Ukrainian army have been fight ing near Sighet for 2 days after a drive northward through Tran sylvania Another Petrov armored unit struck from Vereczke Pass to within 15 miles of Munkacs one of the 3 leading towns in the Car pathoTJkraine or Ruthenla which Uungard seized back from Czecho slovakia in April 1939 Ungyar seat of the provincial administration was the immedi ate goal of Hussian tanks and in fantry less than 20 milesdistant of the enemys Car pathian line after a month Jong struggle costing heavily in blood overshadowed other important successes on the eastern front Front dispatches said the mop up of Belgrade was progressing steadily with Germans fighting and dying hke wild animals in blazing hillside buildings from which they could not escape Southeast of Belgrade elements of at least 2 German divisions reported surrounded by Russian and Yugoslav partisan forces Bulgarian troops spearheaded an allSlavic drive across the width of Serbia which has now reached Kursumlija 40 air miles west Nis and only 130 miles from the Adriatic sea For the 7th day there was no official news of the red armys crucial battle at the approaches to Budapest There was the possibil ity Hungarian forces loyal to Re 0100 STATUTE MILES PHILIPPINE ISLANDS LUZON South China Sea Pacific Ocean PALAWAN Sea rtT P in the above map points to Leyte where the Japs declared American troops were invading gent Nicholas Horthy may be re grouping for combined action against the nazis with the Rus sians B24 Explodes 6OOOU Feet in Air 24 US Airmen Are Killed Birkcnhead England IF A B24 Liberator exploded mysteri ously at 6000 feet altitude near Birkenhcad Thursday crashed in 3 parts and killed 24 American airmen Parts of the bomber nar rowly missed persons who rushed from their homes at the sound of the explosion IWILK AMENDMENT Clinton city coun cils amendment to the milk ordi nance last week forbidding the sale of milk by anyone who pro duced it farther than 25 miles from the city and pasteurized farther than 10 miles was sched uled to come up at Thursday nights meeting of the council YANKS BOMB BLAST KAGI FORMOSABombs from TJ sri plode m the warehouses and industrial sheds of Kagi Formosa during the the Press 1000 BOMBERS ATTACKNAZIS Ludwfgshafen Areas London A thousand or more American heavy bombers attacked important military ob jectives Thursday in the Mainz Ludwigshafen a ri d Mannheim areas of southwest Germany Some 700 fighters flew with the Flying Fortresses and Liberators The 3 cities on the Rhine have large railyards and numerous war industries Mannheim was hit by Mosquito b o m b e rs Wednesday night while others of the wooden craft bombed Hannover The armada flew through a heavy overcast It was the first time in 6 days that U S 8th air force attacks have been directed beyond the Rhineland city of Col ogne 40 miles from the battle of Aachen Maine is a city of 159000 Lud 144000 and Mannheim 284000 Night flyers bombed several unidentified objectives in western Germany Report British to Recognize DeGaulle as Provisional Government London British gov ernment has decided to recognize Gen Charles De Gaulles admin istration as the provisional gov ernment of France the United Press learned from reliable sour ces Thursday The recognition probably will be announced simul taneously release soon by Gen Dwight D Eisenhower to the French administration of a large part France as a zone of in terior Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and cooler Thursday night with tempera tures near freezing Friday fair with rising temperatures Iowa Fair and cool Thursday night Friday fair and warmer Minnesota Mostly fair Thursday night and Friday Not so cold Thursday night and cooler most of the state Friday Fresh winds Friday and north portion Thurs day night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette xveather statistics Maximum Wednesday 75 Minimum Wednesday night 37 At 8 a m Thursday 37 YEAR AGO Maximum gg Maximum Og Powerful Fleet Units Reported Backing Attack By THE ASSOCIATED American expeditionary forces are invading the Philip pines Tokyo radio reported Thursday striking at the very center of the vulnerable easternflank of the archipelago Dome news agency said flatly that United States forces have begun their remvasion of the Philippines supported by powerful umls of the Pacific fleet and Chinabased air emit Sea forces Domei said included the naval fleet under the command of Gen Douglas MacArthur AGAINST CESENA Canadians Spearhead Attack on Germans Rome columns of spearheading the attack after forcing a crossing of the Pis ciateUp river to establish a bridge head in the outskirts of that in dustrial and communications cen ter on the RiminiBologna high way mush the 8th army forces met increasing resistance as they neared Cesena the Germans were putting up the heaviest fighting in Italy on the 5th army front where American troops were steadily hacking out gains in yards in the drive toward Bologna The Canadian units of the 8th at one point were less than a mile and a half from Cesena and 2 other columns approaching from the east and south were no more than 3 miles away The Canadians forced the Piscia tello against stiff opposition about a half mile north of the rail line which parallels the RiminiBo logna highway On their right flank New Zea landers pushing along the Po val leys main artery from Macerone cleared the village of Ruffia 3 miles due east of Cesena In the south British troops con tinued their steady advance through the foothills of the Apen nines and were approaching Ce lincordia only one mile south of Cesena the first biff terminal point on the highway westward from Rimini Indian troops also operating in the British sector broke a week long battle to reach the Savio river where they cleared the town of Hoverssno and continued 2 miles northeast to take Aquarola approximately 24 miles southeast of Cesena Headquarters disclosed that a German noncommissioned offi cer who deserted the nazis re ported that the 8th armys terrific artillery fire had been so demor alizing many Germans would sur render if provided safe oppor tunity He said the Germans had threatened reprisals against the families of deserters Nylon Hosiery Wins What I Want Most Survey in Chicago Chicago hosiery was the winner in a What I Want Most poll conducted by the Chi cago HeraldAmerican over a pe riod 6 weeks Of more than 300000 ballots cast for favorite items which are hard to get in wartime nylons were first choice of 24200 voters Showing strength in the Jast stretch of balloting girdles snapped into 2nd place the choice of 21800 Shoes were 3rd selection in the list of more than 50 items British Planes Sink Nazi Ships in Attacks Off Aegean Islands Rome OJR carrier planes sank at least 7 German vessels and 15 to 20 smaller craft in a 3day series ot attacks off the Aegean islands and the east coast of the Greek mainland a com munique disclosed Thursday vvhile landing parties from the cruiser Ajax captured Thera San tonn island 65 miles north of Crete que said the enemy fleet accom panied transports into spacious Leyte gulf Tuesday Manila time ind for the last 2 days naval guns md carrier aircraft have been Dombardmg shore defenses Part of the enemy forces seem o have landed on Suluan island it the entrance to the gulf Domei lews agency said Domei asserted Vice Adm Marc Mitschers powerful task force not participating asion because of asserted losses suffered off Formosa These lave been denied by Adm Chester W Nimitz Since the Formosa battle Do mei broadcast The enemy has organized a new large task force grouping together the5tlifleVt under Vice Adnx HaymondSpru ance which did not participate in the air battle off Taiwan For and the naval fleet under the command of Gen Douglas MacArthur as well as other naval forces in the Pacificexcluding the fill irrn 5 this sector Domei confrontin the enemy forces with undaunted resolution mhese broadcasts recorded by federal communications com mission were the only reports that oen MacArthur had taken the most crucial step to fulfill his Pledge made 214 years ago to re turn to the Philippines While there was no confirma tion that the Philippine invasion was at least under way the com bined Pacific sea forces of Adm Nimitz and landbased air strength of General MacArthur have been paving the way for re conquest the territory in 10 days of unprecedented raids on western Pacific islands for a 1 000 miles either side the Philip pines These thunderous attacks which have cost the Japanese close to 1000 planes and hundreds of ships are siiH continuing Manila radio reported It told of 270 carrier Planes striking in 4 waves Thurs day morning at Manila and stra tegic Clark field The Japanese controlted radio claimed 19 were shot down The mikados war lords said our navy and army units are intercepting this enemy force ambiguous expression which Tokyo uses to describe any kind of defense or none at all The unconfirmed Tokyo an nouncements indicated that a powerful task group of Adm F Halseys 3rd fleet com bined with the southwest Pacific GEN Mac ARTHUR When Gen MacArthur reached Ans traiia to take command of the southwest Pacific forces after a dramatic transfer by motor tor pedo boat and plane from the shotlorn foxholes of Bataan peninsula on the Philippines he said I came through and I will return According to Japanese claims Gen MacArthur was luUillinjr that pledge Thursday as his forces landed on the cen tra Philippines ;