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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 18, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THf MfWSPArffc THAT MAKES ALL NOITH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LV Anoctotod United Preu full Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER IB 1948 Paper of Two One No 7 One Afons Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor How Valuable Is a College Education TN the 30 years since I walked X down the aisle at my own col lege commencement and received my bachelor of arts degree Ive often put to myself the question which Im making the subject of this visit with you How valuable is a college edu cation Rather vaguely Ive had the no tion that my life had been made little fuller than otherwise it would have been by reason of my 4 years of contact with college Moreover Ive assumed that perhaps my economic status was a bit better than it might have been if I had let my high school diploma serve as the end of my formal education Asked for Advice Often too Ive been approached by high schoolers with the ques tion Do you think I should go on to college Occasionally Ive been asked to help these young sters weigh going on to college against a present opportunity to enter business or accept a job in one of the crafts Usually my answer has been that unless there are some very obvious arguments against such as a demonstrated inability to learn readily in secondary school proceeding into college has much to recommend it College Grads Preferred Then too in passing on the qualifications of those who have sought employment in the edi torial department over which I preside Ive always given marked preference for those with a de gree Its been a rule with no more than a half dozen exceptions in nearly 30 years Here I should hasten to add that Ive never expected miraculous performance from these young men and young women fresh from the college classrooms Rather Ive assumed that on the basis of their demonstrated ability to master the assignments laid upon them as a condition of college graduation they should be able to handle the tasks I might have for them Not a Sure Guarantee While this reliance on a college degree as a qualification for em ployment hasnt always paid off it usually has On the basis of re sults from the rule over a long period of years Im more sold on It than I was back in the days when I put it into operation But this rule and the results ob tained from it have provided no final or complete answer to the question How valuable is a col lege education That question is still running through my it must be running through the minds of thousands of other persons in cluding the million young peo ple on the many college campuses of America this fall Its a National Trend College enrollment today is twice as large as before the war and some 5 times as great as be fore the last war If present col lege enrollment continues a fourth of all adults will have gone to college and 1 in 8 will be a graduate What effect this is going to have on our national wellbeing is a question worthy of consider ation Will it make for a better America Or will it as some con tend have the effect of cutting down on the number of hands needed for production in our shops and on our farms A Timely Survey An interesting not the complete answer to my question been shed by a recent sur vey made by Dr Daniel Starch president of a New York firm of business research consultants His findings were included in a paper presented on Sept 9 before the American Psychological associa tion meeting in Boston It was titled Is College Worth While And a point of very special in terest to midwesterners is that the study was conducted among graduates of the University of Iowa What is true with respect to this one institution can be as sumed to apply to other colleges and universities I think A Good Laboratory Last year the University of Iowa celebrated the 100th anni versary of its founding A com mittee of faculty and alumni was assigned to the job of selecting the institutions 100 most dis tinguished alumni from a list of 40000 graduates with their cita tion a feature of the centennial observance This group said Dr Starch afforded an unusual opportunity to ascertain what highly selected persona of distinguished achieve ment considered were the net re mits of their years in college They were in a position of vant age of looking back through the corridors of many years of suc cessful work in a multiplicity of fields and evaluating through this perspective the influence college had on them Tturee Qwsttms Asked To Ascertain their views Dr Starch addressed 3 questions to list of 100 distinguished lowmns and received responses GMtlmed OB I KIDS OKAY BUT EXPENSIVE playing in the street of this accident on 15th N W late Saturday afternoon police reported Frank Berry 405 loth N W driver of the auto which was badly damaged swerved to miss the young sters and rammed the parked truck belonging to Lars P Anderson 410 2nd N W It was parked across from 208 15th N W Larry Anderson 11Decorah who was riding with Berry his grandfather was taken to Mercy hospital where he was treated for lacera tions and released Vet Groups Rally Behind Bonus Plan Des Moines of 4 veterans organizations met in Des Moines Sunday night and rallied behind adoption of a state bonus lor World war II veterans About 300 persons attended the rally one of a series of meetings to be held in Iowa this week Speakers asserted there is enough surplus money in the state treasury to finance the proposed bonus Spokesmen for the American Le gion the Veterans of Foreign Wars the Disabled American Vet erans and the Amvets said their groups favor enactment of the bonus The bonus measure will be sub mitted to IowavotersNov 2 Senator Martin Booked for Mason City Talk Wednesday U S Marshals Nab Morgan Robber Moved to Humboldt Jail Evidently bent on having at least a share in the prosecution of the Sheffield Savings bank rob bers federal authorities Monday had in their custody one of the 2 men involved Bernard D Morgan released from Franklin county jail at Hampton Thursday after bond had been provided was ar rested Saturday evening by U S marshals acting on orders from U S district attorney for northern Iowa T E Diamond Sheldon He was taken into custody or the farm of his father Roy Mor gan north of Hansell and brought to Mason City before U S Com missioner Nathan Levinson Lev inson set the preliminary hearing for Monday since Morgans attor ney Ralph Stewart Hampton was out of town Bond was fixed at Morgan then was taken by the U S marshals to the Humboldt county jail Although the Cerro Gordo county jail has been used to house federalprisoners in the past the marshals evidently were under orders not to leave Morgan there Cerro Gordo Sheriff Cal Dwan on orders from the Iowa attorney general turned Morgan and his companion Robert F Saf ford over to the Franklin county sheriff after they had confessed to state county and FBI agents Safford meanwhile remains in Franklin county jail never having provided the bond set by the justice of the peace at the pre liminary hearing there on the state charge Federal authorities have stated that they wish to prosecute the case under federal laws because Iowas Dillinger law on bank robbery carries a mandatory life sentence upon completion The fed eral penalty is less severe Ft Dodge Man Is New President of Iowa Moose Group Moines IP M J Cuff Fort Dodge is the new president of the Iowa Moose association Other officers elected at the fi nal session of the organizations 4day meeting here included J Emmet Fines Des Moines re elected secretarytreasurer Al Schwartz Burlington Al Van Camp Davenport Russell Fred erick Waterloo Harold J Berd Newton and J E Block Webster City were named district vice presidents Sioux City was chosen as the sitecl the 1949 convention Truman Makes Talk About Vinson U S Senator Edward Martin of Pennsylvania has been booked for a public address in Mason City Wednesday evening at it was announced Monday by Cerro Gor do county republican officials His address will be either in Central park or at the armory depending on the weather it was stated Senator Martin former gover nor of Pennsylvania and a veteran of 3 wars previously was sched uled to speak in Mason City at the fall meeting of the 3rd congres sional district of the Iowa Council of Republican Women That speech will be at the Hotel Han ford at p m following a luncheon it was stated The senator will arrive Wednes day morning from Chicago and will return there again that eve ning following his speech here He also will be aguest of honor at a dinner here Reserva tions for either the luncheon or dinner must be made with Mrs Gordon Dilts 324 Taylor S W 8 Superforts Take Off on Atlantic Hop Hamilton Bermuda 2nd large transAtlantic group movement of U S air force B29 SuperFortresses began Monday Eight planes of the 301st me dium bomber group from Smoky Hill air base Kans arrived here at dawn enroute to Scampton air field U S base in England The 301st is relieving the 28th medium bomber group which has been in England about 3 months Lt Col Frank W Ellis Covington Ky group commander said the 301st would be in England 90 days on a routine training mission The first 7 planes of the 28th also arrived here enroute back to their base at Rapid City S Dak The movement of the 301st to England involving 1750 officers and men and 48 B29s will be com pleted by Wednesday it was said Trains Collide Near Manilla Engineer Fireman Are Hospitalized Manilla engineer and fireman were hospitalized and 15 passengers suffered minor injuries in the collision of a freight and a passenger train on the Milwaukee route Monday The headon collision of the 2 trains occurred a mile west of here at a m but the railroad said both trains were moving slowly at the time of impact Five cars of the freight de railed and several head of live stock killed The line was blocked The trains involved were east bound freight No 64 and the westbound Chicagoto Omaha pas senger train No 107 Taken to Perry by ambulance for hospital treatment were Engi neer F A Wizhael 68 and Fire man W W Crunnell 46 both of No 107 The 2 trainmen were in a dazed condition and the extent of their injuries was not known immediately Elisa Land is Still in Serious Condition hospital a chronic condition has been in hospital B days Nab 4 Youths in Connection With Breakin Four Mason City youths all 18 years of age were released here Monday to appear before Police Judge B R Dunn Tuesday in con nection with the breaking and en tering of the Cottage Grill early Sunday morning Chief of Police Harold Wolfe said police have ob tainedaffidavits from the 4 ad mitting the act Police gave their names as Billy McKee 1012 3rd N W Don Reynolds 618 Pennsylvania S f Don Lee 229 13th S E Ronald Varvel 680 14th S E The Cottage Grill 12 6th S E was broken into twice once by breaking glass on the front door and a short time later by breaking in a back window police said The youths took 2 cases of beer the first time and obtained 9 cases and 16 or 17 cartons of cigarets on their 2nd try according to the re port The signed statement said they had originally intended to buy beer at the grill but found it closed upon arrival about a m Sunday They also admitted drinking 14 or 15 glasses of beer apiece in a Clear Lake tavern and purchasing a 5th of whiskey from an individual there Saturday eve ning police said The youths said they were bound for Iowa City later Sunday morning when they stopped south of Hampton and were picked up for investigation fay Lynn Evans highway patrolman Evans recov ered part of the loot and released the youths who were later arrest ed by Mason City police at 22nd and Massachusetts S E upon their return here McKee admitted breaking the windows to gain entrance each time police said Grand Jury Hears Christensen Case Emmetsburgr The Palo Al to county grand jury is hearing the case of Nels Christensen 50 charged with murdering his broth er Julius 55 Julius Christensen was shot and killed at a public sale at Ruth Austin Gives Negotiation Conditions Says Soviet Must Participate in World Community By LOUIS NEVIN Paris United States demanded Monday that the Uni ted Nations turn the deadlocked atomic energy problem over to the 5 great powers and Canada for direct negotiations Chief U S Delegate Warren R Austin told the 58 nation political committee the United Nations could go no lurther in its efforts to control the atom until the Sov iet Union agreed to participate in the world community on a co operative basis Compromise Plan The Berlin dispute comes up Tuesday in the security council A new compromise plan which would take the issue out of the U N is reported under consideration by the 6 neutrals of the council Austin commenting on a report drawn up by an atomic energy subcommittee declared Communist states desire to live in a secret wprld of their own behind which for all we know they may arm and prepare their people for war We do not desire to live in such a world Deadlock That is the impasse in which the United Nations atomic energy commission finds itself This is art impasse which canrrottoe over come by the atomic energy com mission Austin said the problem must be turned over to the United Na tions Russia Britain France China and Canada for negotia An 11 nation atomic commission suspended work last May in a deadlock over control plans Aus tin was backing a Canadian pro posal approved by a subcommit tee calling for turning the whole control problem back to the original atomic control commis sion sponsors to decide whether there is any basis upon which to resume efforts to try for control Says Beckman Death Due to Heart Trouble Chicago Most Rev Francis J Beckman 72 former archbishop of the Catholic diocese of Dubuque Iowa died Sunday night in the Alexian Brothers hos pital Beckman who served as bishop at Lincoln Nebr before his ap pointment to Dubuque was plan ning a visit to the Shrine of Our Lady of Fatima in Portugal when he was stricken He entered the hospital Oct 4 On Friday he lapsed into a coma and died with out regaining consciousness A hospital official said deati due to a heart condition Since retiring from the arch bishopric at Dubuque 2 years ago Beckman had lived in Cincinnati He is survived by a sister TIE FOR 10TII PLACE Kansas City State college tied with Oklahoma A and M for 10th place in the Amer here without oond IULU piace m ine Amer venon Sept 4 Nels Christensen ican Royal Intercollegiate Live has been held in the county jail stock judging contests here Sun day Jews Claim Objective Won Offer to Meet for Talks AP Wirephoto TRUMAN ARRIVES FOR LEGION President Truman salutes the honor guard at In ternational airport in Miami Fla Monday shortly after his arrival in his private plane to address the national American Legion convention Gov Dewey Pushes Campaign in Upper New York State Enroute With Dewey Thomas E Dewey campaigned home through upper New York state Monday firmly convinced that he is fated to be the next president The GOP presidential candi date headed back to his home base at Albany for a quick evaluation of his latest campaign tour and to set up plans for new sallies to wind tip oneof the most intense campaigns in political history Four New York towns were on his schedule Rochester Syracuse and Schenec tady He had planned to stop at Utica but cancelled the engage ment when he heard that a train of war dead was scheduled to reachtown about the same tune Dewey will stay in Albany through Tuesday On Wednesday he will drive to New York City for a speech that night on the HeraldTribune forum The next night he will speak at a dinner memorializing the late democratic governor Alfred E Smith During the campaign trip which was winding up Monday Dewey traveled about 4500 miles and made appearances in 10 states dur ing an 8day period Rail Board Is Created To Investigate Wage Dispute Washington resident Truman Monday created an emer gency board to investigate the dis pute between the nations railroads and 16 nonoperating railroad unions The unions are now taking a strike vote and creation of the board is intended to head off pos sibility of a walkout Under the railroad labor act a work stop page is forbidden while the emer gency board is studying the dis pute Mr Trumans executive order said a strike would threaten sub stantial interruption to interstate commerce and deprive the coun try of essential transportation service The board is given 30 days to make its findings and neither strike nor lockout can be ordered within 60 days after the boards recommendations reach the white house Tel Aviv UR Jews claimed Monday to have won all their objectives in 4 days of fight ing in south Palestine and of fered to meet Egyptian envoys for a settlement Dr Ralph Bunche acting United Nations mediator for Palestine had proposed an IsraeliEgyptian meeting or an exchange through UN machinery to try to halt the outbreak which threatened the uneasy truce in Palestine Ready to Meet The Israeli government is 10 T ff Elissa ready to meet representatives of Landi was reported Monday to be Egypt at any time or place and still on the serious lisfand grad settle all the differences between ually growing weaker at Kingston us in the Negev Moshe Perlman official spokesman said alter uncial apunesman saia an The screen actress and novelist Bunches appeal was received suffering what her physician But Perlman said the govern ment would not call a halt in the field until our demands ttm Y Egyptians abide by the UN regu lations for the Negev be guaran teed A Jerusalem dispatch said in formed sources there predicted a full scale renewal of the Palestine war within 2 weeks unless the United Nations takes strong action quickly Call Session The UN security council in Paris called a session for Tuesday to take up the Palestine situation Tentative plans for the session were drawn up after Israel re jected Saturday a UN demand that the fighting be called The commander of Israeli forces in the Negev reported that his troops had won their goals by cutting off advanced Egyptian in vasion forces and opening Negev highways to Jewish convoys 3 Airmen Die in Crash in Germany Frankfurt least 3 American airmen were killed Monday when a 4engined C54 on the Berlin airlift crashed near Frankfurt while returning from Berlin air force authorities an nounced The plane was returning empty and officials said it was not known if any passengers were aboard The plane crashed a few miles east of RheinMain airport shortly before 6 a m local time 9 Are Killed Over Weekend 7 Deaths Results of Auto Crashes By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Nine persons met violent death in Iowa during the weekend Seven fatalities resulted from auto accidents a hunting mishap caused one death and one person died in a plane crash The dead were Sheldon Davis 27 Colo who died in the crash of his light plane Richard Ragan 15 Des Moines in an accidental gun discharge while hunting near Guthrie Cen ter Car Truck Hit Elmer Kirschmann 30 Water loo in a cartruck collision near Independence Larry when a Parr 14 car went Des into Moines a ditch south of the city Kenneth Hunt 30 Waterloo and Vincent P Sondag 30 Gilberts ville when their car left the road near Waterloo Crash at Murray MaxPhillips 16 Murray in a cartrain crash at Murray Mrs Clyde Delf 40 Davenport of injuries in a carpedestrian ac cident JohriRebisth 17 identified by Sheriff J F Cochrane of Monte zuma as an escapee from the Wau kesha Wis boys training school when a car went out of control near Victor Delivers Speech to Legionnaires Says There Will Be No Chip on Americas Shoulder Miami Fla Tru man said Monday he considered sending Chief Justice Vinson to Moscow to ask Premier Stalin to help dispel the poisonous at mosphere of distrust surrounding negotiations between the western powers and the Soviet Union The president in a speech de livered before the annual Ameri can Legion convention described as a wicked falsehood what he called loose and irresponsible talk to the effect that the United States is deliberately following a course that leads to war No Chip So long as I am president of the United States there will be no chip on the shoulder of America Mr Truman declared He flew here from Washington in an avowed nonpolitical role and in his address described him self as a delegate from Missouri a comradeinarms and com manderinchief of our armed forces Mr Truman previously had said he called off the proposed Vinson mission after talking with Secre tary of State Marshall He ex plained Marshall thought single handed action by the U S might cause misunderstanding at the United Nations assembly meeting in Paris Refers to Plan Referring to the discarded plan in his speech to the Legion Mr Truman said In recently considering the sending of a special emissary to Moscow my purpose was to ask Premier Stalins cooperation in dispelling the present poisonous atmosphere of distrust which now surrounds the negotiations be tween the western powers and the Soviet Union My emissary was to convey the seriousness and sincer ity of the people of the United States in their desire for peace Meanwhile 6 candidates to sue ceed ONeil as national commander opened political headquarters and began mustering their strength for Thursdays election Perry Brown of Beaumont Tex has been prominently mentioned as next commander but a coalition of 4 other candidates was working to elect Ben Hilliard of Denver James Green of Omaha Robert Colflesh of Des Moines or James Daniel Jr of Greenville S Car George Craig of Brazil Ind is the 6th candidate Hanford MacNider of Mason City a former national Legion commander is attending the con vention Auto Crash Kills Woman Injures 4 Ottumwa George Squires about 65 of Cedar Rap idswas killed and 4 other persons injured in a collision between Ottumwa and Bloomfield at a m Monday The injured are George Squires husband of the dead woman and driver of the car their daughter Mrs Opal Beeson and grandson Jimmy 6 who were taken to an Ottumwa hospital and Carl W Kent 32 driver of the other car taken to Bloomfield Sheriff Glen Weede of Davis county said Kent was driving his small truck south and collided with the Squires car coming north NEW POUO PATIENT Des Aukes 7 daughter of Mr and Mrs Ben E Aukes Woden was admitted to Blank Memorial hospital Des Moines over the weekend as a polio patient SUES IJPWA Waterloo night watch man at the Rath Packing company has sued the CIO Packinghouse union for The watchman Ward Cutler alleged the union would not let him enter the plant during the meat strike last spring He also claimed he suffered in juries the night of May 19 during the riot at the Rath plant gates SAFE STOLEN Ccntcrville safe con taining was stolen from the Eagles lodge hall here early Sun day morning by thieves who gained entry through a rear door Stan Stree former Villanova football player who graduated in 1941 is coaching the Philadelphia Naval Base grid team Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clear and cool Mon day night Sunny and warmer Tuesday Low Monday 30 to 36 High Tuesday 65 to 68 Iowa Generally fair and warmer Monday night Tuesday fair warmer east portion Low Mon day night 3842 Minnesota Fair Monday night and Tuesday Warmer east por tion Monday night and in south west portion Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 39 Minimum 22 At 8 a m Monday 36 YEAR AGO Maximum gs Minimum 51 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 44 Minimum 22 At 8 a m Sunday 25 YEAR AGO ;