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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, October 18, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 18, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL m Associated Press and United PTCM Full Leased Wins Five Cents a Copyt MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY OCTOBER 18 19K This Paper Consists at Two One MO These Men Face Trial for Crimes Against Humanity Some of the 24 Top Nazis in Indictment for War Crimes ROBERT LEY RUDOLF HESS HERMANN GOERING Adm Kaefler Marshal Keitel Adm Doenitz Gen GDSTAV HALBACH ALLIES INDICT HITLERS HENCHMEN Nationwide Strike Sweeps Argentina Buenos Aires Nationwide strike by 500000 members of the general confederation of workers who supported Col Juan Peron former vice president in a new surge to power Thursday brought nearly to a stop Argentinas industrial and commercial activity At the same time a high source said the Argentine high seas fleet had moved out of its base at Puerto Belgrano 500 miles south of Buenos Aires Destination of the fleet was unknown but Adm Hector Ver nengo lima a leader of the movement which ousted Peron on Oct 9 was in turn thrown out of fice Wednesday in the political upheaval which saw Peron re turned to a position of dominance Peron himself after forcing the formation of a cabinet of his friends hailed the strike as cele day of glory for the bfating a Workers Thousands of idle workers took to the streets in Buenos Aires Thursday and conducted demon Etrations pemonstratprs plWedhesday night attempted to storm the house of Socialist Leader Alfredo Palacios he reported They were turned back by his friends A police blockade extended 2 square blocks around the building of the prodemocratic newspaper Critics President Edelmlro F a r r e 11 tossed aside a cabinet of notables submitted by Juan Alvarez as at torney general threw out Alvarez himself reinstated several mem bers of his deposed cabinet ousted Adm Hector Yernengo Lima a leader of the Oct 9 movement against Peron as navy minister and before vast crowd hailed Peron as a man who knows how to win your hearts The newspaper La Prensa said that shortly before midnight the gunboats Independencia and Ro sario and the minesweeper Drum mond the Argentine navy left the capitals port It printed an unconfirmed report that Vernengo Lima and other high navy chiefs were aboard the Druminond Still a mystery was the status of Gen Eduardo Avalos who led the Campo De Mayo garrison move ment which had forced Perons resignation as vice president war minister and labor minister Aval os had taken the post of war min ister and Farrells announcement listed no successor thus far But promised a complete list ot the new cabinet members later in the day response to the general strike call issued by Perons friends in the general confederation of la bor all trains out of Buenos Aires stopped running1 at 1 minute past midnight Bat not all unions supported the strike The Buenos Aireslabor council which includes represent of all unions in the capital said the strike was imposed by naii elements in the labor minis try who pistol in hand are trying to paralyze the country to aid Col Peron Twopersons died and B were injured in a crowd which attacked the offices of the newspaper Cri tica outspoken critic of Peron and during the night Some employes of the newspaper said bombs and machineguns were used in the attack The building was fired but employes extinguished the flames The office of the news paper La Prensa also was attacked Peron ousted by leaders of the Campo De Mayo garrison Oct 9 and for a time held in custody tola the hysterically cheering crowds Group 5 Votes Income Tax Reduction Washington UK The senate ihance committee r voted Thurs day to relieve12000000 lowpaid ndividuals from federal income axes next year he would take a brief vacation ir a southern province and then re a ouuuiuiii province ana tnen turn to the capital to fight shoulmany der to shoulder with the workers until I am exhausted It was Perons possible candida cy for the presidency in nexi gentina in a state of ferment for months Buy your Victory Bonds and carrier boy tillwhich would accomplish the same end The senate committee made ome changes But the net effecl would be the samefor the low income groups The senate committee also voted o repeal effective Jan l the ex cess profits tax on corporations This is estimated to save corpor ations next year approximately 2555000000 The house had voted o cut the excess profits tax from 95 to 60 per cent for 1946 savins corporations anc delay its elimination until Jan 1 1947 In voting to enff the excess prof its tax this year the senate com mittee struck out a houseap proved 4 per cent reduction of normal and surtax rates on cor porations for 1946 Committee Chairman Walter F George D Ga estimated that the senate committee revisions woulc save individual taxpayers nex the same amount recommended bj the The senate committee followed house leadership however in re jecting the treasury suggestion that this beaccomplished by wiping out the 3 per cent nor mal tax imposed on all incom above a year The house had accomplished re lief for lowincome groups by ap plying surtax for the taxpayer and an addi tional for each in figuring the normal tax liabil ity The house voted also to cu surtax rates by four percentage points for all taxpayers and guar antee everyone at least a 10 per cent cut in 1946 taxes THE GREAT KOCK ISLAND The Rock Island railroad an nounced a new song The Grea Hock Island Road written as a counter offensive against Atchi son Topeka and the Santa Fe and will be heard at 8 Thursday night over the NBC network BUTTER MOVES UP 56 CENTS A POUND NOV 8 Government Subsidy of 5 Cents to Processors to Be Cancelled Oct 31 Washington jump of 5 to 6 cents a pound in the retail cost of butter starting Nov 8 was an nounced Thursday by the govern ment Stabilization Director John C Collet said this will result from cancellation on Oct 31 of a gov ernment subsidy of 5 cents ajwund which has been paid to processors In a statement issued jointly with Collets Price Administrator Chester Bowles said the Increase for butter will not boost the ovef all cost of living Bowles reasoned Declinesin consumer prices which commenced prior to the surrender of Japan have continued The bureauof labor statistics in dex of consumer prices dropped of 1 per cetnt from July 15 to August 15 The effect of the full5 to 6 cents a pound increase in butter will be neutralized by this over all decline plus a subsequent drop in the price of potatoes and other cost of living items which repre sent a significant amount in the family budget Collets announcement said Sec retary of Agriculture Anderson concurred in ending the butter subsidy now when demand for the commodity is still strong enough to maintain returns to pro ducers and processors The 5cent processor subsidy a part of the wartime program to hold down food prices has heen in effect since June 1 1943 The gov ernment has paid out about 000000 a year in butter subsidies Goe ring Leads Lis t of 24 in War Trial Washington allies indicted Hitlers hench men Thursday for a quarter century of Conspiracy culmi nating in the worlds worst war and the mass murder of 10 million people SpecificaIIy accused before the war crimes court are 24 ndividuals Hermann Goerings name led all the rest and 6 organizations The indictment said the nazi party with Adolf Hitler assuming leadership in 1921 was ment of cohesion for the conspirators It traced the evolu tion of the plot against mankind all the way back to that ime The accusers who will prosecute their case before the Interna ional military tribunal sitting in the ancient German city of Nuern 3erg were the prosecutors for the 4 major United States Great Britain Russia and France The text of the 25000word indictment was issued simultaneously n the 4 capitals It arraigns the nazis on 4 counts and documents the JOE FOSS WAR HERO COMING TO MASON CITY NAVY Foss former marine corps ace will bethe guest of Mason City on Navy day Oct 25 He was the first American fighter pilot to crack the 26plane record of Capt Eddie Rickenbacker The former major made his entire tag fighting off Japanese bombing raids aimed at the allied Guadalcanal offensive October 26 1942 he shot down 5 rising sun planes a few days later was himself shot down in the sea andrescuedJanuary 15 1943 he blasted the S enemy planes which brought his score tp a tying 26 Foss received the congressional medal of honor and the distinguished flying cross Official U S marine corps photo K A Ensrr See story on page 19 Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from yourGlobeGazette carrier boy LAST CHANCE This is your lost chance to buy your favorite magazines in combination with the GlobeGazette ot bargain prices This offer is made exclu sively for readers of the GlobeGazette See the postcard inserted in todays paper for fuil Attlee Shies at U S Bequest for Britain to Allow 100000 Jewish Refugees in Palestine ItTfi i W Washington Jf Truman said Thursday the United States has asked Britain to open me nysiencaiiy cneermg crowds nniain to open massed in thePlaza De Mayo that Falestine to 100000 Jewish refu he would take a brief vacation in gces ut tnat Minister Att lee did not want to admit that The whole matter he added still is under consideration The president made this dis closure at a news conference at tj iut nip presiaency m next conference at Aprils elections which kept Ar which he also said no additional rffini inra a f j ttlppfimr ttt Big 3 meeting is contemplated to settle the stalemate which de veloped from the London conncll of foreign ministers The president said he did not v nnu jue piKsiuent saio ne oid not rmr want to push the British unduly consideration Jewish immigration to Palestine He said that Attlee didnt want to admit as many as 100000 The whole matter he said still is being considered and there was rather voluminous correspondence between the 2 governments some time ago The president also told report ers that European rehabilitation and relief will have to be con tinued through UNRRA unless the United States wants to assume the whole burden He made this comment when asked about criticism UNRRA by members of congress recently returned from Europe Power Plant Workers Strike Hits 2000000 in Michigan By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS CIO workers struck at Consumers Power company plants in Micnigan Thursday but electric power continued to flow to indus trial and domestic consumers in the affected area of 2000000 in habitants Six thousand state troops were ordered to stand by alone with Michigans 400 state police after the walkout which started at 7 a m Two hours later the company reported that exceptfor brief interruptions normal powerloads were being maintained Affected sections include virtually all industrial southern Michi gan except Detroit which has other power sources Operators of hoilers and in the huge Milwaukee plant near Saginaw whichfumishes power for the rich Saginaw valley remained away from their but the company reported the plant still was operating as best we can with the men who stayed on duty The strike by members of the CIOs state utility worker council started at 7 a m CST after em ployes threw a picket linearound the Milwaukee plant The walkout also spread to other Michigan communities and electrical pow er to private homes and industries at Muskegon was shut off at 7 a m A union spokesman said however service would be pro vided for hospitals police arid fire departments and other essential users The utility workers involved In the dispute over a 30 cents an hoar wage rate increase demand supply power for nearly all of Michigans major cities outside Detroit serving communities in 57 of Michigans 83 counties Hnn dreds of factories have indicated continuation of a strike would force them to halt operations The dispute by the utility workers was the latest major con troversy on the countrys labor front Across the nation the num ber of workers away from their jobs by stoppages around 460000 This number included the 216000 soft coal miners who because of labor disputes have been away from some 1000 pits in 6 states for nearly a month but who Wednesday were ordered by John L Dewis United Mine Workers president to return to work Mon day Another trouble spot on the la bor scene was the strike of AFL longshoremen at New York har bor Tension mounted as leaders of rival AFL factions remained at odds over ending of the 18day old walkout Violence flared near several piers along the sprawling waterfront Wednesday but police broke up the disiurbances Union leaders and ship owners planned tp resume wage contract negotia tions Thursday as an estimated 8400 stevedores returned to work servicing some of the hundreds of idle ships In the 3 2weekold AFL juris dictional dispute involving movie workers in Hollywood Eric John ston new president of the Motion Picture Producers and Distribu tors Association of America took another step to solve the labor strife He offered J A Krug chairman of the War Production Board a a year job as vice president of the association and his assignment would include formation of a longrange labor program for the industry Krug promised to give Johnston an an swer within a few days Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy CONN SIGNS FOR JOE LOUIS BOUT New York Billy Conn signed on the dotted line Satur day for a return light with heavy weight boxing champion Joe Louis next summer Louis signed the contract last Monday The Pittsburg challenger agreed to the clause barring tuneup fights whichwas a capitulation his manager Johnny Ray whc for 24 hours vigorously opposec Prompter Mike Jacobs insistent on this point However Billy will be per mitted to make prechampionshi fight ring appearances as a ref eree and in exhibition bouts See earlier story on sports page issing A Hitler Washington name is conspicuously missing from the list of German leaders indicted for major war crimes It is mentioned frequently throughout the 25000 word text ot the indictment however The Hitler The allied prosecutors who drew up the indictment ventured no guesses as to his current ad dress Auto Fatality Oswaloosa Tarr 5 daughter of Mr and Mrs Floyd Tarr Oskaloosa died in a hos pital here an hour and a half after being struck by an automobile as she ran from between 2 parked cars police reported Wednesday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and cooler Thursday night and Fri day with thundershowers Thurs day night Iowa Generally fair and con stcharges in this manner COUNT 1 The common plan or conspiracy to overthrow the reaty of nany acquire lebensraum lor the reich at the expense of her do this fay any means including force and ag gressive war COUNT 2 Crimes against peace in which all the defend ants with other persons jarticipated in planning and then waging wars against Poland Britain Trance Denmark Nor way Belgium Holland Luxem bourg Yugoslavia Greece Rus sia and the United States COUNT 3 War crimes em braced in the doctrine of total war which included violations of he laws and customs of war such as deliberate and systematic enocide the extermination of racial and national The ndictment alleged mass murder jy cities and districts in Russia Doiand and the Balkans which totalled 9465000 and mentioned numerous other cases wherein thousands died by gunfire and torture Heavy stress is laid on he system of hostage murder em ployed to keep populations in check COUNT 4 Crimes against hu manity in which all the defend tinued cloudy with west warm and scattered portion Friday Partly mild Thursday thundershowers Friday partly cloudy scattered thunderstorms north portion Cooler west por tion Minnesota Scattered light showers and cooler Thursday night Fri day partly cloudy and cooler IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 77 Min imum Wednesday 50 At 8 a m Thursday 60 YEAR AGO Maximum 70 Minimum 49 Allied War Crime Indictment Reveals Samples of Bestiality in Killing Ovef 10000000 Washington of nazi bestiality as recited in Thurs days allied war crimes indictment In killing more than 10000000 European civilians and captured war prisoners the Germans other methods Shooting hanging gassing starving beating cremating disem boweling experimental surgery freezing in tubs of water brand ing with hot irons burying alive WOMEN The Germans cut off the breasts ears fingers and toes of Russian women at Stalingrad CHILDREN On the eastern front they were buried alivethrown into flames stabbed with bayonets poisoned Their blood was ex tracted for use of the German army In Lwow the Germans killed 8000 children in 2 months at Tiberda they annihilated 500 children suffering from tuberculosis of the bone JEWS Of the 9600000 Jews who lived in the parts of Europe under nazi domination it is conservatively estimated that 5700001 have disappeared most of them deliberately put to death by nazi conspirators They were among the estimated 5500000 person exterminated m the Masdanek and Auschwitz concentration camps American prisoners were murdered in Normandy and in the Ar dennes were starved and beaten in numerous prison camps ants are accused of participating n Germany in those countries oc cupied by the German armed forces after the beginning of the European war on Sept 1 1939 hi Austria and Czechoslovakia and Italy and on the high seas The rimes involved among other things the murder and persecu tion of any person even suspected of being hostile to the nazi party or its plan of European expan sion That story starts with the de cision of the nazi leadership to overthrow the Versailles treaty with its armament and other re strictions on Germany reached by the conspirators soon after Hitler attained control in 1933 The program was pushed along until In 1937 the RMneland was rcoccupied and fortified in viola tion of the treaty and the Lo carno pact whereupon the con spirators falsely announced to the world that Germany had no territorial demands to make in Europe But said the indictment plans immediately were made for the second phase of tria and Czechoslovakia An influential group of the nazi conspirators met with Hitler on Nov 5 1937 to review the sit uation it added It was reaf firmed that nazi Germany must have Lebensraum in central Eu rope It was recognized that such conquest would probably meet resistance which would have to be crushed by force and that then decision might lead to a general war but this prospect was dis counted as a risk worth taMng Czechoslovakia was seized and Poland invaded 2 years later after this 1937 plotting That started the general war for which the nazis plotted The section on crimes against humanity centers on the plan for annihilation of the Jews The ex ;