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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 18, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OEPARTUt tiT Q VV wISTOKY AMD A i OES MOINE3 THE MAKES ALL NORTH fOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL II Associated fitss and United Press full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy Britishers Know Status Will Change By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 45 London Air Special With more than a little anxiety the people of this little island are peering into the jj economic and political skies to determine if they can what lies ahead for them after Ger ra a n y and Japan have been crushed in this war Of only one thingare they absolutely cer tain They know that Brit ains role in the svorld scene is not going to be the same asdur ing the century before World war even World war II For one thing Britain is going to face east to a Europe which is essentially changed in its political makeup Whereas in the past there has been at least roughly a balance of power in the new Europe Russia is going to be dominant Under the balance of power ar rangement Britain has always been able to cast the deciding vote by throwing its political or military strength to one of the na tions figuring in the balance of power All this is to be out the win dow in the future Britain is con with the stern necessity of setting her sails to deal with a Bussiadominated continent across the 23 mile stretch of water which has saved England from invasion Elsewhere in the world too things are happening which will profoundly influence the future of Great Britain By the nature of things she has been forced to carve out her prosperity from world trade particularly with those lands associated with her first as colonies and more lat terly in the British common wealth of nations It may be of course that when the shooting is over Indian Egypt Australia Hone Kent and all the other place tied to ttrei United 1 rtlr 4A Kingdom wilV go Viet exsHtly to Ibeir old status Bat It isnt likely Britishers are realists Along with all this is the cold uncompromisingfact that the worlds financial capital is no longer London Its New or maybe Washington Most of the worlds gold is buried at Fort Knox Kentucky This financial gravitation to America got under way during the last war and its been pro gressing in the 25 years between the 2 wars Now its a fact accom plished and the British know it While selfcontainment may not be a wise course for the United States it has certain aspects of plausibility America is a land of great territorial expanse and pos sessed of perhaps 95 per cent of the nations food and industrial necessities But the policy of selfsufficien cy for this little island would be an invitation to national suicide Under wars impact England Wales and Scotland have provided about 70 per cent of their food re quirements by tllline nearly every acre of farmable land To continuethis program on a longrange basis would consign the British to a much lower living standard than the one to which they are accustomed A corollary vital fact is that the raw materials needed for Brit ains highly developed industrial economy are not available here Only one important product coal can be had in ample quantities These are the things which are causing anxiety among the British as they look forward to the peace They are keenlyconscious of the fact that if theres to be a rebuild ing of the thousands of homes de stroyed by enemy bonds there must be an expanded participa tion in world trade Many of coursetake a gloomy view of the future Some even see the British empire at sunset But that isnt the typical point of view If Britishers had been the kind of people who give up easily they wouldnt have carried on against hopeless odds after the fall of France in 1940 Winning their place in the sun over a period of 3 centuries was no Sunday picnic assignment They have their sleeves rolled up for the jew challenge facing them in our changing world ROAD TO BERLIN BjTHE ASSOCIATED PRESS Western front 302 miles from west of Russian front 310 miles from Italian front 560 miles from NAZIS CLAIM NEW WEAPON London Berlin radio came up with a new secret wea pon story Wednesday announcing that nazi troops on the Russian front now are using an electric machinegun The weapon said the broadcast is known as the Hpath scythe MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 18 This Paper Consists of Two SccUonsSccU PUSH ACROSS CARPATHIANS FROM POLAND Stalin Discloses New Thrust Into Germany Prussian Push Hinted London Russian army has crossed the Carpathians and invaded CzechoSlovakia in force Marshal Stalin announced Wed nesday night in a triumphant or der ot the day This thrust was disclosed shortly after the German high command implied that soviet troops had invaded East Prussia and advanced to Schiwindt a mile inside the reich Stalin said General Ivan Pet rovs 4th Ukrainian army had broken through from southern Po land on a 170 mile front captur ing 7 passes and advancing 12 to 30 miles Troops of the 4th Ukrainian front continuing their offensive have crossed the Carpathian range and having captured the passes of Lupkovo Ruske Uzok Verecky Viskovsky Jablonicky and Tatar have advanced into the depths of the territory of CzechoSlovakia up to 20 to 50 milometers on a front of 275 kilometers the order said ALLIES ADVANCE ON BOLOGNA British Continue Slow Drive Into Po Valley Rome troops driving toward the Ital ian city of have advanced nearly a mile north of captured Livergnano on highway 65 al lied headquarters announced Wednesday In theAdriatic sector 8th army troops continuing their painful advance into the Po valley took over a few more yards of the Rimini Bologna highway and closed in on Cesena from the east and south While British and Indian troops on the right moved into a few more hills and consolidated their positions in the face of counter attacks the Americans captured the hill towns of Trepo and Santa Anna and with effective air sup port fought their way towards Mount Belmonte where a stiff fight was in progress This peak dominates much of the country the right of highway 65 With the Germans contesting every curve in highway 65 Amer ican troops drove on but they still were approximately 9 miles from Bolognas outskirts at the closest point Robot Bombs Shake Southern England in 7th Consecutive Raid London east coast of England shook from spectacular explosions during the night Tues day as antiaircraft gunners raked the path of incoming robot bombs and blew up a number of them in flight It was the 7th consecutive night that southern England and the London area had come under at tack by the robots The air min istry announced casualties and damage had been caused by bombs which escaped the ackack harriers and the alert Mosquito patrol Allied Bombers Hit West Germany Targets London German ra dio reported targets in western Germany were attacked by allied bombers Wednesday after the reich experienced a raidfree night RAF Lancasters blasted the Walcheren island dikes again and divebombers ranged the length of the Siegfried line attacking com munications targets Weather Report FORECAST lowa Much cooler and generally fair Wednesday night and Thursday fresh winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 70 Minimum Tuesday 49 At 8 a m Wednesday 51 MNVADE CZECHOSLOVAKIA Wallace Praises Iowa Farmers Hitler Decrees Armed Home Guard Naval Planes Blast Manila Luzon Field BULLETIN Iondon broadcast a Tokyo dispatch Wednesday re porting the deaths of 3 vice ad mirals of the Japanese fleet It listed them as Vice Admirals Mrara who died of an illness at he front and Murata and Mit sunobe who died in battle Pearl Harbor great est American airsea offensive of thePacific war went into its 10th day Wednesday with angry swarms of carrierbased planes blasting ceaselessly at Japans weakening antiinvasion defenses in the Philippines i In Washington Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal dis closed that the TJ S 3rd and 5th fleets have destroyed 3080 enemy planes and blasted 905 enemy ships since early June Thex Japanesecontrolled Manila radio in a broadcast recorded by the FCC in the United States said 80 American carrier planes at tacked the Philippine capita in 3 waves at 10 a tn Manila time Wednesday while other aircraft raided nearby Clark field and Le gaspi in southern Luzon Sixteen planes were and 3 others damaged seriously the broadcast said Tokyo said Japanese army and navy circles were emphasizing the need to be fully ori guard against an American invasion of the Philippines despite fanciful earlier reports that American warships assigned the task of landing troops had been defeated and dispersed Admiral Chester W Nimitz commanderinchief of the Pacific fleet announced in a communique Tuesday night that aircraft of Admiral William F Halseys vast 3rd fleet were continuing to at tack objectives in the Philippines but gave no details His failure to specify that the latest targets lay on battered Lu zon northern and most important island in the archipelago raised the possibility that the carrier planes were extending their trail of destruction south toward Min danao already within striking range of American invasion troops and landbased planes Fighter planes from the south west Pacific command of Gen Douglas MacArthur who has vowed to return to the Philippines at the head of a liberating army joined the Philippines assault with a series of lowlevel raids on northern Mindanao Monday Roaring in over the enemy mo tor convoy on a highway north of Valencia the fighters destroyed 62 trucks and 6 staff cars and dis persed mounted cavalry troops with many casualties then went on to attack Cagayan and Matina airdromes One enemy bomber was destroyed on the ground air drome installations were damaged and nearby small craft were hit Cagayan is a major air and naval base on Macajalar bay on the northern coast of Mindanao Nimitzs south Pacific forces were revealed belatedly to have strengthened their hold on the eastern approaches to the Philip pines with an unopposed landing last Sept 20 and 21 on Ulithi atoll a coralringed island group 900 miles east of Mindanao and 400 miles northeast of American RIDES WITH WALLACERobeit Cottrell was taken into the vice presidential car as parade got under way at the Hotel Hanford Tuesday night Crowds Uned the streets see the parade from the hotel to the armory at the democratic rally eld fo Vice P 2St bWS the Wallace all wanting shake hands with the vice prudent Cottrell the most persistent was taken into reerit and Si occupied Feleliu in the southern Palaus The possibility that the enemy may not have been immediately aware of these landings led to the withholding of this Informa tion until this time Nimitz said in a communique Though already in a rear area in comparison with American bridgeheads in the Palau and Halmahera groups the latter 200 miles south of Mindanao occupa tion of Ulithi in the western Car olines gave the American com mand another supply base for an ultimate assault on the Philip pines G O P Democrat Leaders Both Claim Edge in Race to Capture Border States By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Republican and democratic congressional leaders alike said Wed sday that the border Missouri Kentucky Mary and West going their way w 11 eflimatesby Rep Drewry D Va and Rep ha of the 2 congressional campaign cotn came into the Allied Artillery Hits Japs on Burma Front Southeast Asia Command Head quarters Kandy Ceylon miral Lord Louis Mountbattens headquarters announced Wednes day that allied artillery had shell ed Japanese positions near Buthe daung on the Arakan front in Burma for the 2nd consecutive day An ammunition dump was among targets hit a communique said Despite bad weather air craft of the eastern air command successfully attacked enemy con centrations in the same region Fighter bombers also made con centrated attacks in support of ground forces fighting on the ap proaches to Tiddim the announce ment said DIES IX CALIFORNIA has been re ceived of the death of Mrs Ida Shaw Frederick at South Pasa dena Cal She was a former resi dent resident of Clarksville the daughter of the late Mr and Mrs J W Shaw tial campaign calculations along with tthis report from Simon Michelet Washington lawyer who heads the national getoutthe yole club It can be said convincingly go the 5 border states so goes the presidential election Michelet did his figuring on the basis of the fact that in the last 4 presidential elections all these states were in the winners col umn and 4 of the 5 were in 1920 and 1924 Republican Haileck said in a Washington interview that things are going mighty well in this years campaign but Drewry said his mail shows democrats are the ones who are happy about the border state situation They like wise disagreed about who is going to control the house o represen tatives in the next 4 years Another pair who President Roosevelt and Governor their next blows at the foreign policy level The republican presiden tial nominee will speak Wednes day night at oclock central war time on This Must Be the Last War He is on the program of the New York Herald Tribune forum Mr Roosevelt who is to speak next on Saturday night indicated to his Tuesday news conference that he would talk about people who he said are trying to stir up dissension over relatively minor details of the proposed world peace organization rather than keeping the grand objective in view Other samples of political dis agreement Senator OMahoney D Wyo said in a statement at Washington that not until Oct 6 did Dewey as governor start looking for post war expansion information for New York businessmen Gov John W Bricker of Ohio Deweys running mate said iin a San Dicso speech that the new deal is not a peoples govern ment The power it exercises has already proved shackles for the liberties of people That is why iv deal s rcactionarynot Truman running for vice president with Mr Roosevelt declared in San Francisco that Dewey has distorted the findings of the Truman senate war investi gating committee and thereby practiced political chicanery unworthy of a man running for the highest office in the land In a Chicago speech Senator Bridges R N H talked of the CIO political action committee headed by Sidney Hillman as the Hillmpn gang and said this group the new liberal Senator Nazi Effort Must Succeed Fuehrer Says London Hitler ob serving that just as in 1939 we are facing the enemy alone pro claimed Wednesday night the for mation of an armed German home guard and declared Germanys 2nd allout effort must and will succeed Hitlers voice which has not been heard on radio channels since shortly after the reported assassination attempt of July 20 was absent again from the Ger man airways His decree setting up the guard was read for him for the home service of the offi cial German news agency DNB The decree announced all civil ian men between 16 and GO were ordered into the Volksstrum an armed home army similar to that which Britain organized in 1910 after the fall of France Ixmdon troops captured Vcnray important rail and road junction 5 miles west of the Maas Wednesday as Lt Gen Courtney Hodges American first army slowly squeezing Aachen into submission prepared for a new assault which Berlin said would be aimed at Cologne All alone the Iroul slow methodical progress carved out in many cases by was reported Fram Breskens a German strongpoiiit before the already liH eratcd port of Antiverp to Bel fort this was the picture 1 Lt Gen H D Crerars Ca nadians have reached Ijzendijke 6 miles south of Breskens press ing hard on the newly formed de fense line of the suicide German troops within the narrowing pocket Supreme allied headquar ters reported bombers had at tacked the sea dyke at West Ka pelle on the nearby island of Wal cheren 2 In northern Holland where Berlin has reported the allies have massed 1500 tanks or a drive into the RhineRuhr valley Lt Gen Miles C Dempseys British 2nd army took Venray after bit ter housetohouse fighting and plunged on 2 miles southeast of the town which itself is 8 miles from the reich frontier Associated Press Correspondent Ned Nordness with this force re ported that American armored columns on the right flank had bridged the canal De Doom 3 Gen Eisenhowers com munique described the fighting on the first army front as a mop ping up procedure There was mopping up inside Aachen which has set a pattern of punishment for German cities which resist the allied advance and mopping up to the northeast of segments of the Siegfried line to clear the way for the next drive VICEPRES1DENT NEW DEALERS AID FARMERS Prepare for Slump in Postwar Market Speaker Tells Audience I do not say that President Roosevelt and the democratic party are perfect Vice President Henry A Wallace told a large crowd at a democratic rally at the armory Tuesday night but I do say that compared with the only alternative there is no question as to where the Iowa farmers in terest lies This was the vice presidents only major address in Iowa and his speech as well as brief talks by Senator Guy M Gillette and Richard Mitchell democratic nom inee for governor were aired over KGLO and 10 other Iowa sta tions The Wallace program in Mason City included a banquet at the Hotel Hanford a parade and a rally at the armory attended by more than 2000 persons The event brought admirers the vice president from several North Iowa counties The pro gram although delayed at the start because ot heavy last min ute reservations for the banquet moved with clocklike precision throughout The extensive plans for the event were under the su pervision of JakeDouglas chair man of Cerro Gordb county democratic central Mr Wallaces addressSealPSx tensively with present improved conditions of agriculture Mr Wallace said that he checked at New Hampton where he spoke Tuesday noon and found that bank deposits totaled whereas the total was 5400000 in S times as great That was typical he said of the national situation farmers bank deposits being 59200000000 com pared with 51800000000 in 1933 The increase has been espe cially rapid since 1940 said Mr Wallace Farmers equity has in creased 540000000000 in the last 11 years and they now have in of 4th term supporters is the most destructive torcc that has yet appeared on our political horizon Democratic Chairman Hanne gan said in a news conference statement at New York that Gov ernor Deweys brain trust appar ently has no more ideas and therefore Dewey in his St Louis speech Monday night repeated his falsifications on what he calls the Roosevelt depression and the demobilization program of the army WALLACE AT BANQUET TABLE cratic chiefs are shown at the head table of the banquet hall at the Hotel Hanford left to right toastmaster Richard F Mitchell Fort Dodge nominee for governor O O Jeck Atlantic national committeeman Sen Guy M Gillette nominee for reelection Jake More state central committee chairman Jake Douglas Cerro Gordo county central com mittee chairman Vice President Henry A Wal lace the Rev W F Dierking First Presbyterian church Mason City Oscar Johnson Kanawha nominee for lieutenant governor W D Kearney Jlarshalltown nominee for representative from the 3rd district and Mrs Leona Bushings Nashua 3rd district committeewoman Standing in back of Sen Gillette is Sheriff Tim Phaien Cerro Gordo county Lock photo The farmers of the nation had a mortgage debt of about 59 000 000000 in 1933 This has been nearly cut in half While there may be a few exceptions fanners as a whole have prospered more in this war than they did in the last war Their income has gone up more than in the last war but their outlay has been less because OPA has limited advance in prices of the things farmers buy to about as much as the advance was in World war I There is fully as much of a land boom as in World war I Mr Wal lace old Ms audience but the ad vance in land prices is largely on a basis of cash transactions Farmers have learned a great deal as the result of sad experi ences following World war I said Mr Wallace The question is as to whether he has learned enough Mr Wallace said ihat the war had done less damage to the agri culture of Europe than appeared and that the European demand would fall off very rapidly During the past 2 years the United States has exported nearly 5 times as much agricultural pro duce as before the war said Mr Wallace At the same time the people of the United Stales as a tvhole have been eating better than they did before the war Within a few years after the war ends the foreign demand will rapidly decline and domestic de mand will depend on total pay rolls of labor The total payrolls of labor will inevitably be greatly reduced when the government stops spending at the rate of 5100000000000 a year for mu nitions of war Some labor leaders have said there would be 10000000 unem ployed within G months of the end of the war with Germany and another 10000000 unemployed after the cessation of the war with Japan Personally I think these figures are extreme said Mr Wallace It is possible within a year after the war comes to an end for total payrolls to decline by 515000000000 Farm income will inevitably EO down proportion ately The farmer responded magnifi cently to the call for supreme ef fort in time of war Mr Wallace said And he had the advantage of hundreds of millions of bushels of corn stored up in the ever nor mal granary and an additional ;