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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 18, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 1ST VEM S ART or VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRrss FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV vmtj THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 181939 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT ItOS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 8 BRITAIN FEARS BIGGER AIR ATTACKS Stalin Is Eclipsing Hitler By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist IS RUSSIAN communism about to revert to oldfashioned czarism with Josef Stalin as the new czar Diplomats in Washington are ask ing one another this question on the strength of latest reports from Europe Of course Comrade Stalin is just as absolute as the original czars were maybe more so How ever the former czars were a dy nasty which owned Russia Stalin at least ostensibly thus far has been the Russians own choice as their leader even as Herr Hitler professes to be Germanys pick as its fuehrer Commentators gener ally agree that Joe and Adolf were largely accidental to begin with now theyre not but the fiction persists that they were popularly selected Even yet Adolf is given credit for a sense of responsibility to the Fatherland Its beginning to be suspected that Joe regards Russia as a piece of his personal prop erty It also is obvious that he wants more not so much for Rus sias benefit as for his individual own V Lenin vs Stalin Comrade Lenin who ushered in Russian communism is spoken of by western diplomats as having been a sureenough idealist They never liked his philosophy but they considered him honest and so far as he himself was con cerned disinterested He was an anarchist who sought to make an archy practically workable Fre sumably he wanted to spread his doctrine but not by conquest The chap sought Jobe an apostle not a In short his criticsTayhe meant well however irrationally and fa natically Then he died Stalin gravitated into control and the same critics express the opinion that he speed ily was bitten by the personal power bug Trotsky illustratively says and he ought to be a pretty good authority As Roy W Howard a recent American investigator has re marked theres no more similarity between Leninism and todays Stalinism than between orthodox religion and ancient fireworship Which seems to bear out Trotsky a 100 per cent Leninist Roy by the way is a conservative so that the verdict while unanimous is impartial The whole theory is that Lenin was a fairly decent guy though cuckoo that Stalin isnt a bit de cent guy but that hes plenty sane enough to give cards and spades to Hitler and outmaneuver him No Tears for Hitler Democratic diplomacy isnt a particle sorry for Hitler but its worried over Stalin Joe having grabbed from Adolf riore than his fair share of Poland having gobbled also Estonia Lat via and Lithuania being now on his way into Scandinavia Kin land Sweden and Norway and being in process of extending his sphere throughout the Balkans appears at present to have his eye on Iran Persia and Afghanistan thence on into British India Away back in the earlier czars times the English considered Rus sia a threat against India They havent fretted much about it since the last World war but it was a very sensitive subject in Rudyard Kiplings era Its becoming sensi tive again with great rapidity Momentarily the bear that walks like a man is preoccupied to the westward but its surmised that when he gets around to it hell devote his attention in a southerly direction And maybe hell start in again on China which will be Japans funeral if the bear can get away with it The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair Wednesday night and Thursday warmer in southeast slightly cooler in ex treme west Wednesday niffht MINNESOTA Fair Wednes day night and Thursday slishtly colder in northcentral and extreme northwest Wed nesday night and near Lake Su perior Thursday warmer in northwest Thursday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Tuesday 50 Minimum Tuesday night 38 At S a m Wednesday 42 YEAR AGO Maximum BO Minimum 49 Rain Qg GermansPushBack French Cite Air Successes PRISONERS ARE Antarctic Snow Cruiser Near Completion TIIRKFY WIIIMR m AHUM oruniio TAKEN IN GAINS ON WEST FRONT Press States Britain to Continue to Be Attacked by Germans BERLIN The German high command announced Wednesday the French were continuing to re treat from German soil and said that 10 enemy planes had been shot down in the past two days Capture of numerous prison ers was reported as German troops occupied positions from which the French were said to have retired Tuesday between the Moselle river and the Pala tinate forest Seven enemy planes of which two were British were shot down over German territory by anti aircraft fire and pursuit planes the communique said Three other British planes were reported downed in an airtight over Brit ish territory The communique also acknowl edged that one German fighting plane had been brought down by antiaireraft fire during the raid on the British naval base at Scapa Flow Tuesday The raid it was added resulted in a bomb hit on an older Eng lish battleship the Iron The German press declared Wednesday that Britain would continae to be the objective of by plane and Rejoicing over the accomplish ments of submarines and the air force in inflicting losses upon Germanys chief enemy dom inated the newspapers Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung commenting on the fact that a submarine had gone straight into the lions British naval base at Scapa that the spirit Otto Weddigen a World war submarine hero ani mated presentday crews of the undersea boats And in this spirit of attack the newspaper said England will be given no rest x x x Ex actly as in Foland the German war leadership knows how to strike upon military objects Two German submarines pene trated Scapa Flow in the World war but were sunk The British battleship Royal Oak was torpedoed and sunk last Saturday at Scapa Flow where the German fleet was scuttled in surrender at the end of the World war Tuesday German bombing planes attacked other British warships there An announcement by DNB official news agency said one warship had been struck by heavy and mediumseight bombs that a British warplane had been shot down and that one German plane failed to return from the raid British officials said four Ger man planes were brought down in raids on Scapa Flow and the east ern coasts of Scotland and Eng land The old battleship Iron Duke which had been used as a training vessel was said to have been dam aged slightly For their exploit Commander Pnen and the crew of the Royal Oaks attacker were awarded iron crosses Tuesday upon their ar rival at an unnamed German base Already Britain has been de prived of her leading position as the first naval power of the world one newspaper saidthis title hav ing fallen to the United States On the diplomatic front a rail way conference was being set up among German soviet Russia and the Baltic states to reorganize transportation facilities in eastern Europe Youth Sentenced to Death Sure Glad to Get It Over With LOS ANGELES Witt Clinton Cook 20 sentenced to die in San Quentins gas chamber for mortally wounding Anya Soso yeva former Follies dancer told newspapermen sure Vm glad to get it over with Convicted by a juiy which made the death penalty mandatory Cook was sentenced Tuesday He at was sentenced to 25 years to Ii on seven other charges resultin from his confession to atlacki two other girls Cook is an Iowa reform sc parolee ing ichool REDS DEMANDS IN PACT PLANS Signing of Turkish Treaty With Britain This Week Expected Swedish King Gustaf Host at Heads of A Northern States Meet Finnish Problem Is Faced STOCKHOLM fF Swedens aging King Gustaf who summoned Scandinavian rulers to a neutrality conference in 1914 was cast in the role of host again Tuesday as the heads of four northern states assembled to discuss their position in warring Europe How to preserve the neutrality of their nations while maintaining normal trade relations was the question facing the monarchs of Sweden Norway and just as it did during the World war To heir present problems however was added the situa tion of Finland which existed during the World war only as a grand duchy of the Russian em pire and which now is engaged in negotiations with soviet Rus sia which Finns fear may threat en their independence Finlands President Kyoesti Kallio invited to meet with the three Scandinavian kings was the first of the foreign conferees to arrive He was greeted by King Gustaf in person With the circumstances lacing Finland brought the threat of war closer than it had appeared in 19M calmness was the keynote as the 83 year old King Gustaf greeted President Kallio Swedes insisted that their own county was not endangered and expressed belief that Finlands negotiations with Russia would reach a peaceful conclusion Some sections of the public lore saw the possibility the conference would issue a general appeal for European peace A j Most quarters seemed to feel that the most which could be ex pected from the conference would be rcaformation of the northern states desire to main lain their neutrality and an ex pression of their cultural and economic solidarity Many Swedes said it was too much to expect that any definite stand would be taken regarding possible aid to Finiand They re called that the combined popula tion of the four northern countries is scarcely 17 million as compared with Russias 170 million and Germanys 90 million Meatless Days PARIS government o Wednesday banned the sale or fe serving of all meat on Mondays and of beef on Tuesdays but in sisted there was no shortage The beef ban was decreed because of the need of large quantities of beef for the fighting forces Explosive Mixing Plant Blast in U S Kills Five ELDRED Pa explos ion Wednesday shattered the ex plosive mixing plant of the Na tional Power company near here killing at least five men Fortyfive men were employed m buildings clustered about the Gelatin pack plant where nitro glycerine is made but a prelimin ary survey disclosed that no others had been injured Communication with the plant was cut off by lines of guards after the blast but Justice of the Peace Jack Loftus said he under stood the five victims had been working in the mixing plant a stone structure The plant located on the out skirts of this community of 1000 persons is one of the largest of its kind in northwestern Pennsyl vania and probably the only one manufacturing both dynamite and nitroglycerine BULLETINS PARIS was re ported massing about 800000 troops on a 30mile sector of Ihe Rhineland front Wednesday night after dislodging the French ad vance forces grip on virtually all of the triangle bounded by the Sanv and Moselle rivers and the French frontier STOCKHOLM was understood Wednesday to have asked the Nordic Sweden Norway and Denmark aid she might expect if she is forced o defend herself against aggression AMSTERDAM war ships and 12 planes are engaged in a severe battle off the Nether lands coast eye witnesses report ed Wednesday from Schiermonni koog island The battle which started at 11 a m was being fought outside of Dutch territorial waters it was said The planes and warships were not identified LONDON clear sig nals were sounded Wednesday an hour after air raid sirens had shrieked at Kirkwall capital of the Orkney Islands Kirkwall is near the British naval base at Scapa Flow which has been raided by German airplanes and a Uboat PARIS 45 minute air raid warning sounded Wcdnesday morninK in Lille industrial city of northeastern France sirens screamed at a m a m EST and the all clear signal followed at 300 SURVIVORS ARMED UP Two British Ships Sink U S Liner Encounters Storm NEW YORK U S narilime commission said Wedncs lay 300 survivors had been res cued by the American liner Inde pendence Hall from two British ships the 10183 ton passenger liner Yorkshire and the 3500 ton freighter City of Mnndalay sunk about 500 miles off the coast of France In London operators of the City of Mandalay said they had infor mation the ship had been attacked and sunk The master of the rescue vessel Capt C J McKenzie radioed that he was taking the survivors back to Bordeaux France arriving there Thursday morning Meanwhile two U S coast guard cutters sped to the aid of two other ships in distress on the stormtossed North 13859 ton American liner Presi dent Harding and the 3509 ton British steamer Blairbeg Capt James E Roberts of Hie President Harding notified the U S line offices here that he was hove to about 800 miles from Bos ton in urgent need of medical ai lor many serious injured in heavy weather A later message from the Presi dent Harding stated During heavy storms 45 pas sengers ana 28 of crew injured also 9 lifeboat and davit and starboard sidcrail swept away Cabin waiter lost overboard IMay have to make Halifax Heavy seas at present The President Harding which last week played a mercy role it selfin the rescue of 36 survivor from the British freighter Heron spool 200 miles off the Irish coast was en route to New York with many American passengers fro the European war zones when she encountered the heavy storm neat England coast The plight of the S S Blairbeg wallowing helplessly 1GO miles south of St Johns Newfoundland was disclosed in an SOS pickcc up by the coast guard cutter Ham ilton as it was going to the aid ol the Presiden Harding 300 mile south of St Johns LIBRARY GROUP ELECTS DES MOINES The Iowa Library association concluded annual convention with election the following officers Mrs Jess B Gordon Iowa City presiden Sadie Stevens Carroll first vi president Lillian Sutherlan Clinton second vice preside Elizabeth Billy Burlington trca urer and Cornelia Rhynsburge Muscatine secretary of ie it c id ent ISTANBUL possibility a soviet Russian pact with Tur ey dimmed Wednesday in the vake of Prime Minister Refik a3dams assertion that Russian lemands had proved contrary to Turkish policy in the Dardanelles Saydam declared at Ankara uesday night that three weeks f discussion in Moscow had proved fruitless of a of The prime minister said that Itussian proposals were con trary to Turkish security failed to compensate her for tions she was asked to assume and were incompatible with Turkeys previous commitments to Great Britain and France He added however that despite the breakdown of negotiations relations between Turkey and Russia remained friendly Tending to confirm this statement were dispatches from Moscow telling of the hearty sendoff given Turkish Foreign Minister Sukru Saracoglu as he departed for home Meanwhile it was reported that formal signing of a Turkish pact with Britain might be ex Pecte4 this o s s Ib 1 y ment would bind Turkey and Britain to fight together in event of war in the Mediterranean V V There is a similar agreement with France whereby Turkey ob tained the 10000sciuaremile area of the Hatay republic formerly a part of Frances Syrian mandate A Turkish military mission has been in London awaiting the out come of the Moscow talks Four Sensational Demands Were Made LONDON our sensa tional last minute Russian demands caused the breakdown of Turkish Russian diplomatic negotiations at Moscow it was reported Wednes day and opened a new phase in European diplomatic activities Certain Balkan legations in London were advised officially Wednesday that Russia presented the following demands a RussianTurkish pact acknowledge that the Balkans constituted a region of Russian in fluence Turkey close the Dar danelles straight at once to war ships of nonBlack sea powers the UussoTurkish pact make it clear that the proposed RussianTurkish mutual assist ance pact was not directed against Bulgaria the pact should not obligate Russia to consult Turkey in event of any German action in the Balkans Turkish diplomatic sources said that new Russian demands were presented to Suknt Saracoglu Turkish foreign minister after virtual agreement had been reached on the text of a Soviet Turkish alliance treaty Had the negotiations succeeded Britain would have been expected to send a strong delegation 1o Moscow to discuss expansion of Ivade and im provement of relations generally Now it was reported that Britain would confine herself to a series of smallscale trade agreements By THE ASSOCIATED PKESS of Norway Sweden and Den mark confer with president of Finland on European war conditions peace plea may result e r m a n y hails submarine crew which sank battleship Royal Oak Saturday report 10 enemy planes clowned in two days numerous prisoners said to have been taken on western front say Ger mans have lost 5000 men in recent push communi que reports intense move ment behind German lines LONDON British ex perts rate German torpedo as more deadly weapon than planes declare nazis lost eight aircraft in recent raids on Britain concern caused by submarine suc cess in sinking battleship Royal Oak in Scapa Flow ISTANBUL Possibil ity of RussianTurkish pact dims prime minister says Russian demands were con i traryt6TurJdsh Dardanelles MUST PREPARE FOR SURPRISES PLANE RAIDS Chamberlain Reports Hitler Didnt Reply to Allied Peace Plans LONDON Adolf Hitler iias failed to reply to the allied aeace conditions Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain told the house if commons Wednesday and Great Britain must prepare for more and bigger nazi aerial attacks We have the satisfaction of mowing that we have made at least a good beginning the prime minister said in reporting on the disappointment of Germany in its preliminary aerial raids on British naval bases V But there are many surprises in war and they cannot all be pleasant The attacks so far made on our coasts have been few and on a small scale and it would be unwise to assume that we shall always be as success ful as we have been in these first exchanges V Making his regular weekly re port on war developments Cham berlain pointed out that Germany had made no response to his speech rejecting Hitlers peace terms and warning Germany to choose be tween elimination of the nazi sys tem of aggression or war to the utmost oE our strength He said that nazi airplanes and Uboats have taken a toll of more than 1400 lives in the British navy but that they had paid heav ily for their successes On the western front he said the British expeditionary force is in position and there is complete LOOK INSIDE FOR HENRY A WALLACE Reported to Favor Processing Tax Again PAGE 2 Joe Louis May Leave Ring During Summer PAGE 11 North Iowa Husking Overshadows South PAGE 5 DIES AFTER ACCIDENT SPIRIT LAKE W Warner SO of Albert Lea Minn died here Tuesday he second victim of an automobile accident Sunday near Superior Iowa Mil lard K Broxvn of LeRoy III was the first victim British forcesdestroyed German aircraft 3h airbattles along the English and Scottish coasts in the last two days Cham berlain said without loss of a single machine of our own In Berlin the nazi high com mand claimed several L planes had been shot tivn i tacking German In his regular week t of the war developments Cu berlain said It is believed that several more Ucrmiin bombers may have failed to reach home lie dcnicil hat the battle cruiser Repulse the battleship Hood flic aircraft carrier Ark Royal or any capital ships ex cept he aircraft carrier Cou rageous ani battleship Royal torpedoed and sunk suffered the slightest damage m German attacks The training battleship Iron Duke lie had previously announced was slightly damaged at Scapa Flow Tuesday V V Germans had claimed that the Ark Royal the Hood and the Re pulse had been damaged or put out of commission negarditiR the western Chamberlain said The understanding between the French and British high com mand is complete The fact that our expedition ary force is under command of the trench commancleriijchiet Gen Maurice Gamelin and that a unity of command has been achieved so early js OTe proof oC this accord Another iV the agreement whereby French troops are serv ing under orders of the British commnnderinchiof in France Chamberlain said that the air attacks on British fleet bases were a new feature of the war hut one that was fully cv peclcd The extent of he enemys disappointment in failure or front ;