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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 17, 1964, Mason City, Iowa Red Qiind becomes new power Five now in nuclear club WASHINGTON AP A irorld coexisting uneasily Ne tween two nuclear power blocs is now confronted with three The division came Friday with Red Chinas announcement that a nuclear device had been exploded in her western reach es And Red China did it be ginning almost from scratch in six years of incredibly intensive work According to intelligence sources here Red China did not embark formally on a nuclear program unlil the summer of 1958 with the construction of a nuclear reactor near Peking with Soviet assistance This plant was capable of producing 25 kilograms of plu tqnium a year enough for one bomb at the end of two years Since then intelligence sources have figured there are 15 atomic research laboratories in Peking alone and 21 else where in Red China The explosion was no surprise to US officials On Sept 29 Secretary of State Dean Rusk said the Chinese Communists were approaching a point where they might be able to detonate a nuclear device and that it might occur in the near future There are now five nationi in the atomic club the United Slates Britain the Soviet Un ion France and Red China The United States Britain and France belong to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization The Soviet Union has stood supreme in the Communist world But no more The Soviet dom ination of the Communist world by holding up the only atomic deterrent available is broken In lerms of raw destructive power the Red Chinese explo sion was insignificant compared with the megatonnage available to Ihe United States and the So viet Union But the explosion probably means that any hope of a deep cut in the US defense budget over the next 10 years is gone The area over which the US missiles must be targeted to destroy the warmaking facili ties of potential enemies over DEAN RUSK No surprise to US r The newspaper that makes a 11 N or th lowans neighbors t Edition VOL 1M MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY OCTOBER 17 1M4 lUc Paper ContltU ot Two Allocated Prtsi Full Leaw J1S to review policies Wilson starts to form new government LONDON in office by a razorthin margin Britains new prime minister Harold Wilson pushed ahead Saturday the business of form ing a Labor government With a probable Parliamen tary majority of only four votes the 48yearold prime minister will have little leeway to carry out his fiveyear program Wilsons most controversial measures steel renationaliza tion government ownership of urban building land and the phasing out of Britains nuclear deterrent are bound to meet powerful opposition after the new Parliament meets Oct 27 Friday nights late returns with one result to come gave Wilsons Laboriles 317 of the 630 House of Commons seats The Conservatives of former Prime Minister Sir Alec Doug lasHome had 303 seats and the Liberal party overall ma jority for Wilson of five The last seat is expected to be held by the Conservatives re ducing the slender Labor mar gin further Wilson moved swiftly to forrr nis administration Within hour of his call to Buckingham Palace where he met wit Queen Elizabeth II on his ap pointment the Prime Ministe named his first six cabinet min isters The key post of foreign sec retary went to Patrick Gordon Walker despite his defeat for a Commons scat at the hands of a Tory candidate Gordon Walker Reds suffer heavy loss in Viet Nam 5AIGON South Viet Nam troops bat 57yearold pipe smoking party intellectual was expected to get a safe Com mons seat upon the retirement of one of Labors elderly rank andfilers George Brown 50 deputy party leader was named minis ter of economic affairs and first secretary of slate which means in effect he is deputy prime minister Other appointments w e re Denis Healey 47 minister for defense Jim Catlaghan chancellor of theExchequer Herbert Bpwden 59 leaderof the House of Commons and THREE HURT IN Ward 18 Don Reynolds 18 arid his brother Larry 20 all of Clear Lake Saturday were re covering in a MasonCity hospital following a cartrain accident at the Milwaukee Road crossing of Birch Drive aboutlam Saturday Authorities said thetrain traveling southwest hit the right rear of the car driven west by Miss Ward rolling the car overMiss Ward suffered a broken leg and lacerationswhen she was pinned under the car for more than 20 minutes About 20 of the 79 cars passed the accident scene before the train could be stopped Edward Reichow Austin Minn was the engineer the next 10 years has been in creased abruptly from 86 mil lion square miles Russia and Siberia to embrace Chinas 2 279134 square miles The advent of Red China as a nuclear power and the probabil ity that she will in time devel op her own missile delivery system means that more path ways through space to the Unit ed States must be protected But there are other angles chiefly the probability that mil itary adventurism by nations associated with Red China will increase It Red China rattles its atomic power toward the United States RED CHINA Continued on Page North Weather outlook Cloudy and cooler Saturday night and Sunday Showers affecting 20 to 40 per cent of the areaSaturday night with lows in the lower 40s Weather Details on Page 7 tered the Viet Cong from the northern border to the southern Delta region inflicting more than 300 casualties on the Com munist guerrillas sources said Saturday The Vietnamese victories came in three major battles Friday in what was described as one of the worst days of the war for the Communists One American was slightly wound ed The most decisive fighting took place in the southern Delta region near Pac Lieu where 89 Viet Cong died and 17 others were captured in an eighthour battle Airborne Rangers in US Army helicopters raked the area with rockets and machine un fire while the Vietnamese air force dropped explosives and bombs on a force of 200 guerrillas in rice paddies The govenment lost 6 and 25 others were injured including an American enlisted man grazed by a bullet He returned to duty after treatment In a second engagement 25 miles from Saigon more than 100 Viet Cong were killed or wounded when two government columns encountered a battalion of Communists The Viet Cong destroyed one USmade H21 tank and damaged two others that were part of a platoon ac companying the Iroops Lord Gardiner 65 lord chancel lor or head of the nations ju diciary Outside the cabinet Edward Short 52 was appointed chief whip with the role of keeping Labors hairline majority intact during crucial votes Healeys appointment as fense minister came on same day as Red Chinas first atom blast and with the looming question of the British nuclear deterrent to be solved Wilson has said he will let the national nuclear armory slide while renegotiating the Nassau Agree ment under which Britain is buying Polaris missiles from the United States de the Inside The Globe North Iowa news Business news Church news 4 Mason City news 4 L a test markets Society news Sports news Clear Lake news 10 Newman Surveyor 11 Comics 1 Editorials 13 Classified pages 1415 Transit timetable 14 Ks fall to CANDIDATES MEET Democratic vice presi dential nominee Sen Hubert Humphrey gestures to Sen Barry Goldwater Republican presidential candi date when the two met at Sioux Falls Friday Hum phrey was on his way to the National Corn Picking Contest site to make a speech Goldwater was just leaving MOSCOW AP The rever berations over Nikita Khru shchevs fall from power are spreading unpredictably and may not end for a long time The sudden removal of the ebullient 70 year old premier who for a decade captured world headlines while changing the direction of communism in the SovietUnion could drag others under too A picture emerged of Khru shchevs final days as Soviet leader before Leonid I Brezh nev 57 became Communisl party secretary and Alexei N Kosygin 60 Premier It bore out the belief that Khrushchev was forced from rule at a dra malic secret meeting of the Soviet Communist leadership1 W Averell Harrirnan former US ambassador to Russia and US undersecretary of state for political affairs said Friday night that Khrushchev told him last year he would step down after his 70th birthday and even named his successors Karri man said in a talk at Muncie Ind that the only surprise in Khrushchevs demise is the manner in which it happened Pravda organ of the Commu nist party shed light on the purge Friday in a bitter denun ciation of the ousted chief Without naming him it accused thrushchev of hairbrained with challenge It that some cheming immature concluwas his ions and hasty decisions arid Chinese iclibns divorced from reality nonCommunist observers say iragging and phrasemongering swung the balanceagainst him handling relations of Russian commandism and the Communist leadership otake into account the Monday ments of science and at the time was experience his vacation villa on Though in effect Black Sea over news that Khrushchev of dictatorship Soviet Union had sent into newspaper said the policies the first multipassenger peaceful coexistence of ship The premier had invited Gas former ruler would be Palewski French minister out It also said nuclear and space research support for the new nations a talk and lunch on Tues Asia and Africa and his But the was for a Communist summit up to am and then down with Red China would short continued recalled that Khru A foreigner who talked Khrushchev last month said 1 1 premier was almost on Page 2 U N Johnson calls in aides Russia first on agenda WASHINGTON AP Presi dent Johnson called the Nation al Security Council to the White louse Saturday as he aban doned the campaign traiUfor a watchful weekend in the captial The President had planned to spend Saturday at his ranch in Texas and to campaign Sunday in the state But this went by the boards amid turbulent in ternational developments The top item on the agenda for Saturdays council session is to review with his key advisers issues arising from the buster of Soviet Premier Khrushchev and ic formation of a new govern ment in Moscow Two other topics certain to ba iscussed are Red Chinas ex losion yesterday of a nuclear evice its first and the nstitutiori of a new Labor gov ernmentin London Information available from iigh administration officials in dicates this is Washingtons view of the weeks three dra matic developments 1 Shake up in the Kremlin hew leaders of the SovietUnion Communist party boss Leonid Brezhnev arid AJexei Kosygin will make some move toward j abdlre sfqnng unity to muriist bloc that a real reconciliation sible but the removal bf Khru shchev the major get at least clears the way for the new Kremlin bosses to ex plore the chances of settlement If art undertaken and they result in easing the differences the Soviet Union may swing to a somewhat ougher line toward the West other hand asharpen ng of the MoscowPeking strug gle would probably lead to clos r relations between the Soviet Union arid the United 2 Chinese nuclear explosion The major USproblem is to try toassure any Asian coun tries which might be intimidat ed by the achievement Chinese nuclear that the United Jenkins case question is postponed Are security risks on payroll By RAYMOND J CROWLEY WASHINGTON AP The Waller W Jenkins morals case raises this important question How effective s the US gov ernment program aimed at keeping possible security risks off the federal payroll The answer appears to be that an intensive effort is made but that the machinery slips a cog now and then The magnitude of the effort is illustrated by a couple of statis tics 1 Last year the Civil Serv ice Commission made 230000 checks on applicants for nonsen sitivc jobs such as mailmen These checks cost about each 2 In the same period the commission made 35000 full field investigations of people wanting sensitive jobs such as computer operators handling national defense data The cost of these probes averaged about The Civil Service Commission handles most but not all of these investigations for the executive branch of govern ment The FBI handles quite a few including White House appointees And each of the military services has its own investigative branches Under an executive order issued years ago and reinforced in another order of 1948 every appointive officer in the execu tive branch from cabinet offi cer down to wastebasket emp tier is supposed to have clear ance of some kind of another The highest clearances are required for all members of the National Security Council ex cept the president and vice president and all who attend council sessions where sensitive matters are discussed This includes the secretary of stale the secretary of defense and the director of the Office of Emer gency Planning The National Security Council does not make investigations itself It relics on the agencies who send people before it For example an official said when Secretary of De fense Robert S McNamara attends a session he is respon sible for the guaranteed securi ty of himself and the people he brings with him Jenkins who resigned as special assistant to President Johnson this week after his arrest on morals charges in 1959 and last Oct 7 became public knowledge attended some Na tional Security Council meetings and had access to any informa tion the President had persons familiar with his duties have An Air Force Reserve officer Jenkins was granted a top se crct clearance by the Air Force in 1956 after an investigation into his background the De fense Department said last night In 1958 when Johnson was majority leader of the Senate and in a position lo receive much classified information Jenkins as his aide was inves tigated by the FBI at the re quest of the Atomic Energy Commission Sources have said this check disclosed no personal behavior that might reflect unfavorably on Jenkins clearance for access lo classified material The clearance situation on Capitol Hill is different from that of the executive branch Congress is a separate branch of government and not beholden to executive orders So some congressional com mittees before hiving staffers ask the FBI to look the appli 4 cants over Others are more carefree hiring people without even a checkup What happens when a con gressman or one of his em ployes gels into a position where he needs access to lop secrets like those of the Atomic Energy Commission The director of the AEC then has the delicate task of deter mining whether granting such access will be in accord with national security One gathers that on the record at least elected mem bers of Congress are not given the full field invesligation treatment But one gathers loo that the AEC in considering such ques tions tries to look at congress men and their employes as individuals rather than offi cials and tries to guide itscll accordingly UNITED NATIONS NY AP Delegates predicted Saturday the General Assembly will postpone Us opening at least two weeks in an effort to avcrl a clash belwccn the Unit ed States and Russias new regime over UN peacekeeping dues The word spread after the United States switched its stand and made known it would agree to postpone the Nov 10 opening if someone else proposed such a move It was believed a group of Asian or African nation would broach the idea and the Communist bloc would agree In a statement late Friday US Ambassador Adlai E Stev enson said While no one has yet proposed postponement o the General Assembly in view of recent developments th United States is open minded The dispute results from th Soviet refusal lo pay Genera Assembly assessments t finance the Congo and Middle operations States will back them if they are threatened by Red China that for they are encouraged by I tie reaction of Red Chinas neigh bors who seem to understand that a nuclear explosion does not mean China has immediate real nuclear military power 3 British election On whole USi officials do not an ticipate anyserious policy dif ferences with the new British government of Prime Minister Harold Wilson although pro The Russians are two calendar j years behind in their UN dues he United States and Britain lave said the Russians should lose their assembly voting rights under UN Charter Article 19 which provides that those members two years behind shall lave no vote toward agreement on the proposed NATO nuclear missile leet seems sure to be slowed lown considerably This in turn could create some difficulties with West German ChanceUor Ludwig Erhard who has been pressing for an early settlement of the nuclear fleet issue Plan rest for new DBS MOINES AP lowans getting their first drivers license will be under close scrutiny for a year under a new prpgram which the State Safety Department plans to start Monday State Safely Irivers other temporary permit for 31 ays If the violation occurs withia he first months of the proationary period the driver wil have to get another temporary ermit for a full year However f the violation occurs in th second half of the original year SAME DATE1H35U William Siieppel said Friday hat lowans who are applying ror a license for the first time will receive a temporary permit tor one year The program calls for who have no violations during Ihe probationary period to re ceive a regular twoyear drivers license However if a temporary per mil holder is convicted of a moving violation the permi will be canceled and the drive will not be able lo apply for in he new permit will extend for only an additional six months There will iw he temporary permits because Iowa law does not provide for it Sueppel said he plans to ask the 1965 legislature for authority to charge for the permits The temporary permits are aimed at teen age drivers Sueppel said that Iowa drivers in the 16 to 19 age group are in volved in fatal accidents than twice as often as the dm ing population as a whole ;