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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, October 17, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 17, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS PAPER FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Full Leased Wlra run eggMASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 17 This Paper Consists ot Two SecUonsSectlon One NO 7 EWIS CALLS OFF SOFT GOAL STRIKE f fr h VY RELEASES VER 1100000 3Y NEW YEARS Marks Down Discharge Points to Speed Up Plan by 2 Months navy has harked down discharge scores for Aost of its personnel with a goal f releasing more than 1100000 fficers and men by New Years Previously the service had ex Jccted to send home only about teOOOO by Christmas i Announcing cuts effective Nov for all but a few classifications he navy Tuesday night also prom further reductions in point cores In December and January he formula by which the scores re computed was left unchanged lj For most enlisted men the point core total was cut from 44 to 41 Kirther reductions to 39 on Dec and to 38 on Jan 1 were prom sed Other groups affected by the change which steps up the navys discharge program by 2 months are MALE OFFICERS O T H E K HAN DOCTORS Point totals duced from 49 to 46Effective iec 1 the score needed will be i and Jan 1 43 I WAVE total iut from 35 to 32 Nov 1 to 30 pec 1 to 29 Jan 1 ENLISTED cut ATOm 29 to 26 Nov 1 to 24 Dec 1 o 23 Jan 1 MEDICAL OFFICERS Previ ously announced reduction from 50 to 53 points will become effec tive Nov 1 Further cut to 51 fore cast for Jan 1 i The navy estimates 3300 doc ISors will be released by New Wears pointscore of 15 for unmarried be 6n Jani AJKmarried win beraease6V byNpy I expecis to annourlce plah before Nov 1 for speeding releases No change now in 44 tofal for fliers above rank of ensign and 36 for ensigns MAILMEN AND CLASS C SPECIALISTS Become eligible for release under point totals of 44 for men and 29 forwomen on Nov I Previously not eligible for discharge under point system YEOMEN AND STOREKEEF reduction for present Seven specialist ratings which have been classified as essential will remain frozen with their personnel of 22650 ineligible for discharge under the point formula The navy also reduced from 120 KjlJ days to 90 days the maximum time officers may hold personnel after they become eligible for release under reasons of military neces sity GRANT AMNESTY TO JAP PEOPLE Tokyo Hirohito whose future has been a burning topic of speculation ever since the American occupation granted am nesty Wednesday to nearly 1000 000 Japanese as an openly avowed move to unite Nippon in meeting a great change in history Dome agency noted that one effect of the rescript honoring the day when the first rice crop Is offered to the gods would be to enable as many people as pos sible to take part in the coming The rescript unprecedented in scope pardoned 320000 Japanese reduced the sentence of 37000 and ordered restoration of civil rights to 600000 Dome rointed out the rescript provides nat persons recovering their rights must have lost them 5 years prior to Sept 2 1945 Prev ious rescripts had pushed the date back 10 years The emperors appeal for unity was made at a time when Japa nese communists celebrating the release of some of their leaders from prisonon orders of General MacArthur were working openly for an end to imperialism MacArthurs headquarters an nounced Wednesday that investi gating parties of Americans have found fortunes in diamonds plat inum gold and silver cached by Japanese admirals and generals in secluded areas An American finance officer said Japanese army and navy of ficers had cached the precious rnetals for use if disaster but the war ended before they could get them out of the country Eighth army headquarters re ported the arrest and imprison ment of Lt Gen Shigeru Sawada accused of complicity in the exe cutions of some of Lt Gen James H Doohttles fliers who raided Japan April 18 1942 FORMER PREMIER OF JAPAN er premier of Japan General Hideki Tojo receives a tray of GI food at the U S 43rd field hospital Yokohama where he is recovering from selfinflicted bullet wound suffered in his attempted suicide Sept 11 Corp Edwin J Podosek hospital orderly of Chicago 111 serves the meal AP A Engr Argentina Labor Group Will Call Nationwide Strike Buenos Aires largest labor organization the General Confederation of Workers announced Wednesday it had e nnion which has a membership estimated at 1500000 persons said the strike was called in protest against any government of Oligarchs and against delivery of the government to the supreme court TheGeneral Workers Confederationiincludes among its members W4Wpaa and worfcers syndicate meat Mdustry workers affiliated groups A spokesman stated that the confederation was demanding the liberation of all political prison ers although Gen Eduardo Ava los in his capacity of minister of the interior announced Monday that all such prisoners had been freed Police nsed tear gas Wednes day in an unsuccessful attempt to disprse approximately 2000 strik ers who demonstrated in the cen tral part of Buenos Aires urging the election as president of Col Juan Peron who was ousted by the army as vice president The demonstrators were only momentarily quieted and soon continued a parade shouting Viva Peron and Peron for president Attorney General Juan Alvarez meanwhile said he hoped the task of forming a new cabinet would be completed by Thursday Political observers believed most of the appointments would go to the conservative party or to right wing members of the radi cal center party Alvarez him self is a member ofthe conser vative wing of the radicalparty DIES AT NOKTHWOOD Nora services will beheldat 2 p m Thursday at the home near Nora Springs for Mrs Mary T Reed 79 who died at a nursing home atNorthwood Monday after 4 years illness She was the widow of William Day Reed who died in 1933 No chil dren survive Burial will be in the Rock Grove cemetery IGNORE PLEA IN LONDON STRIKE London XP dores decided at Striking steve mass meeting s meeng Wednesday to remain away from the London ddcks where soldiers have been working nearly a week in an effort to keep food ships sailing The strikers ignored hack to work pleas from the labor gov eminent their own union lead ers and newspapers They marched through streets guarded by police to Victoria Park where they confirmed the strike with few dissenting votes V Tom Powell leader of the Lon don strike denounced as trai tors the few who have returned to work in answer to employers warnings that failure to report would mean automatic dismissal Popular Composer Dies in California Beverly Hills Cal Monaco 60 composer of manj popular tunes died at his home of a heart ailment Tuesday His songs included You Mad Me Love You Madam Lzonga Pocketful of Dreams Mr Dream Man and Only Forever He wrote the music for the film The Dolly Sisters which is now being previewed EXTREMISTS IN JAVA TURMOIL KILL AND LOOT 15 Are Killed as Nationalist Youth Group Runs Wild Batavia Java of the nationalist youth move ment got completely out of hand n many areas of Java Wednesday ailing and looting in frenzied zeal to show their hatred for Euro peans Fifteen Eurasians were shot or hacked to pieces at Depok 20 miles from Batavia by wildeyed followers of the nationalist move ment Homes wered est ro y ed and Looted Religious pictures were ripped from the walls of Chris tian dwellings British Indian Ghukas of the 23rd division have been fighting a pitched battle with about 800 rioters At one point 60 Indian infantrymen held off a mob until midafternoon when 300 rein forcements arrived The British reported finally that the situation was in hand The Indonesian national coun cil awaited a reply from the al lied command in the Netherlands East Indies to 4 nationalist de mands which Mohammed Hatton vice president of the council said represented the only way to bring peace to this troubled land In Amsterdam Dr H A logre mann minister of overseas terri tory said the government was ready to offer Indonesians self government within the Dutch commonwealth and would deal with Indonesian leaders who merit consideration but not with Soekarnopresident of the Indo nesian Thepatipnal councilmet Tues day fig a bid to present itself as a was riot present He was touring western Java to restrain sections of his followers bent on violence In his absence Hatton promised the 187 council delegates that there would be a national elecr tion within 6 months and that in the interim Soekarno and his cab inet would be assisted by a work ing committee of the council in representing the people The 4point program submitted to Lt Gen A F Christison allied commander in the Netherlands East Indies called for removal of all Japanese deportation of all Dutch troops and prevention of the arrival of additional Dutch soldiers a quiescent role for the Netherlands Indies civil adminis tration the recognition by an im partial united nations committee of the Indonesian national council as the de facto government of the country A correspondent asked Hatton if he expected to beat the Dutch by force when you have no guns tanks or planes and he replied We shall win through peace ful means That is why President Soekarno Is now louring Java to restrain hotheaded sections who use violent methods But the Dutch aiming tommyguns at us does not help the situation In fact it pre sages trouble We stand on non violence The Indonesians themselves while fighting for independence from the Dutch are attempting to maintain order Also trying to re store peace are the British repre senting the allies the Dutch in cluding the Indies civil adminis tration and armed Japanese troops upon whom the British de pend to patrol the country Blond Irma Admits Lashing Prisoners Lueneburr a voice charged with defiance blond 22 yearold Irma Grese admitted under cross examination Wednes day that she lashed prisoners at the Oswiecim concentration camp with a cellophanebraided whip and clubbed them with a walking stick She said she scourged the pris oners in spite of camp orders airainst such methods of handling them The hardvisaged young S3 guard denied under questioning by Prosecutor Col T M Back house that she amused herself by sending women to work at a sand pit outside the wire where they would be shot by guards on the alert for escape attempts Back house suggested she was lying and she snapped I took an oath to tell the truth and you can think what you like But Im not lying I never was in charge of the working party at the sand pit I never sent women across the wire Extremely nervous under the barbed cross examination she constantly locked and unlocked her fingers or tugged at the sleeve of her SS tunic She also denied she had set trained dogs on the prisoners I suggest you had a dog the prosecutor said I should know better than you if I had a dog she retorted de fiantly Later Backhouse accused her of habitually kicking and beating the women and of en joying the practice defendan almost rose from her seat ant shouted And I say you are badly in formed about me and its a big lie You carried a walking stick and whip in camp at Oswiecim and you used both to beat the prisoners Isnt that right Yes Were you allowed to beat the prisoners No So you did it against orders Yes Did others beat the prisoners I dont know It was just you who was vici ous VIciousness had nothing to do with it the defendant said with a shrug STUDIO SITDOWN STRIKERS DRAGGED AWAYDeputy sheriffs drag strikers who staged a sitdown on the picket line away from the main gate to Warner Broth T 1lefk in afms ot dePuties is Blomqutata studio worker who later was injured m the melee AP A Engr Truman Due to Give View on Training Washington fP President Truman will appear before con gress next Tuesday to deliver a message on peacetime universal training The president will address a Joint session at p m Speaker Baybnrn toldr reporters whiteihinseconference on the administrations legislative pro gram Mr Truman has indicated his support for military training along the lines advocated by General George C Marshall army chief of staff Announcement of the presidents plan came as Secretary ot War Patterson advocated merger of the war and navy departments as a step toward maintaining world peace Urging prompt action on the controversial plan he told the senate military committee the sub ordinate branches should be ground sea and air In my opinion the unification of our armed forces is an essential step to the development of a sound program for the future se curity of the American people he said The adoption of such a pro gram of organization of our armed forces is best calculated to main tain that security and the contin uation of world peace The secretary of war was the first witnessbefore the commit tee as it began hearings on vari ous merger proposals Navy de partment officials are expected to oppose all such suggestions Patterson said that the atomic bomb and other lessons from World war 2 all pointed in the di rection of unified control of the nations land sea and air forces Such control was exercised he said throughthe wartime joint chiefs of staff after we learned from the hard experience of div ided control Nations Strike Picture By UNITED PRESS IIine Vork4ers President John L Lewis ordered soft coal miners to return to the pits Monday The dispute stemmed from the UMWs efforts to organize supervisory employes Solid fuels administration officials had placed the daily coal produc tion loss at more than 1151000 tons dwindled as steel mills unable to operate with out coal began shutting down with more than 20000 steel workers were laid off in the Pittsburgh smelting areaalone workers police patrolled New Yorks waterfront as an estimated 29000 AFL longshoremen blocked a backtowork alter strikers PacUie northwest AFL lumber mained idle in support of demands for a minimum hourly wage TRANSPORTATTONFull service was restored along the 300 miie length of the Eastern Massachusetts Street Hailway company lines as striking transit workers returned towork 2700 bus drivers stayed out in 7 western states MOTION PICTURESFilm Czar Eric Johnston scheduled arbi trahon sessions in an effort to end a 7month AFL jurisdictional dis pute which has affected moviemaking in 6 major studios House Group Recommends Government Spending Slash Washington of in government spending authorized for the current fiscal year was recommended Wednesday by the house appropriation committee A direct result of the wars end the legislation which the com mittee sent to the house for consideration Thursday provides for Cancellation of in direct appropriations already made for the year ending next June 30 Wiping out contractual authority for the same period If used this would have required additional appro priations of that amount Gen MacArthur Frees Japanese Film Industry Tokyo MacArthur Wednesday issued a directive freeing the Japanese motion pic ture industry from all government domination to permit it to re flect the democratic aspirations of the Japanese people Laws permitting the movies to be used as a propaganda medium and imposing other restrictions on it were abolished Actress Pat Patrick Gets Divorce Papers Hollywood Pat Patrick Miss Minnesota of 1941 Wednesday was divorced from Portrait Painter Norman Allen Trevour who she said chased her outof their bedroom and lert her shivering nude in the hall I was undressing for bed and he shoved be out in the hali and locked the door she said I was naked She said Trevour beat her with his fists and that she lost 26 pounds between their marriage Feb 27 1944 and their separation last Aug 13 Recovery of in funds of corporations created by the coordinator of interAmerican affairs While the committee made no reference in its written report to the possible effect that huge sav ings would have on taxes Chair man Cannon DMo cautioned against any overoptimism on the part of taxpayers This means that there will be just that much less deficit spend ing for the current year and the increase will be a little Cannon national debt slowed down said in an interview see no prospects for substantial tax re ductions as a result of this legis lation As applied to the various agencies the proposed cuts were Military establishment S30 903090564 Naval establishment 163961 Miscellaneous executive agencies 3887090253 Previous cancellations already approved by congress bring the total to of an es timated original available spend ing of for the fiscal period However the committee pointed out approximately 000 of this years original total already has been spent or obli gated The biggest cut in the armys funds was for the air corps On August 23 of this year the committee said the army air corps had 62045 planes with plans to dispose of 44222 while acquiring 1238 new ships The committee called for more rapid demobilization of army and navy personnel urging both serv ices to immediately adopt the policy of releasing officer or en listed personnel as and when they become surplus 4794 TROOPS RETURN TO US New York UR Two ship were scheduled to arrive Wednes day with 4794 servicemenfrom Europe The Marine Wolf carried 2829 including the 601st tank destroye battalion 4130th quartermaste service company 299th engineer C battalion 168th CMi company 674th Med Coll Co and miscel laneous troops Bny your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Norway were 1965 aboard Victory including headquarters andheadquarter company of the 1111th engineer combat group and miscellaneou troops Troops from both ships will b processed at Camp Shanks N Y 23th Case of Polio Des Moines 25th cas of infantile paralysis was reportei to the city health departmen Tuesday when Lois Webb 6 daughter of Mr and Mrs Ray mohd Webb of Des Moines wa taken to a hospital here There ar 5 active cases in Des Moines now Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Wednesday nigh and Thursday Continued mil Wednesday night Becomin somewhat cooler late Thursday Iowa Fair and warmer Wednes day and Wednesday nigh Thursday fair and cooler Minnesota Fair and mild Wednes day night and Thursday but little cooler Thursday IN MASON CITY GobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 75 Minimum Tuesday 47 At 8 a m Wednesday 53 YEAR AGO Maximum 68 Minimum 35 LEADER ORDERS MINERS RETURN TOPITSMONDAY End of 6 State Dispute Lowers National Idle to 234000 Workers By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS John L Lewis announced Wed nesday he had called off the 6 tate soft coal strike which had iccounited for nearly half of the lations total of 450000 idle be rause of strikes Lewis president of the United Mine Workers said he had called off the strike effective Monday in the public interest Earlier Secretary of Interior ekes had termed the coal situation bad and getting worse He stated its continuation would mean a quite serious situation in some parts of the country by next week Return of the approximately 116000 miners now inactive would ower the national total of idle trom Wednesday 450000 to ap proximately 234000 workers in other industries notably steel orced into idleness because of Euel shortages presumably will be called back upon the miners re turn The coal dispute concerned rec ognition of the UMW foremens union Lewis notified officers and mem bers of UMW locals that efforts to abate this controversy would be resumed at a later more appro priate date Other frontranking labor con troversies of the more than 135 separate disputes across the conn try were the longshoremens strike at New Yorks sprawling harbor the prolonged controversy utHoUywood movie studios with recent outbreaks jf violence and sitdown picketing a new technique in strike procedure and the walk out of some 61000 AFL lumber workers In the Pacific northwest In the Pittsburgh and Chicago steel mill centers operations were the lowest in several years Car negieIllinois Steel corporation has furloughed thousands of workers and a spokesman said that unless the coal supply is increased soon at least 25000 of the companys 36000 employes in the Chicago and Gary Ind districts will be laid off Most of the other steel mills reported similar conditions The magazine Iron Age esti mated the steel industry would lose mote than 300000 tons of steel ingots this week because of the enforced shutdowns It said steel consumers received about 145000 tons less last week than they would have under normal condi tions There appeared no indications of an immediate ending of the 17 day old strike of AFL Ions shoremen at New York harbor as strife within the union flared with CIO unionists involved Al though hundreds of ships in the worlds biggest port remained Sdle the war shipping administration said 60 vessels including 18 troop ships were being serviced Police estimated that 5000 to 7000 of more than 35000 striking longshoremen came back to work Tuesday at the behest of AFL Longshoreman President Joseph P Ryan The dispute stemmed over omis sion of a provision covering size of cargo net loads from a proposed new contract Something new In strike pro cedure sitdown picketing was added to the prolonged strike of movie workers in Hollywood Tuesday as AFL union officials and film producers sought to end the jurisdictional dispute Sheriffs officers and police broke up the group of more than 300 pickets who sat in front of the entrance of Warner Brothers studio Two persons were injured and 3 pick ets were arrested in the disturb ance There was no sign of settlement iri the Pacific northwest lumber strike by some 61000 AFL work ers while CIO international work ers resumed a conference with operators to discuss their demands for a 2a cent hourly wage increase for 40000 CIO members The AFL grovip is seeking a hourly minimum for the industry and more than 300 plants in 5 states have closed since the strike started Sept 24 MASON CITYAN ARRIVES IN NY Louis V Rice Jr Mason City was due in New York Wed nesday on the Norway Victory according to an Associated Presa dispatch received here ;